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Nama : Ilham Rosyid

NPM : 3335170006
Tugas Teknik Reaksi Kimia

Reaksi Fasa gas eksotermis A↔B+C Umpan reactor masuk berjumlah 10 gmol/s dengan
konsentrasi A sebesar 80.6% sisanya inert. Suhu masuk reactor 470 K suhu fluida 421K untuk
menjaga suhu reactor agar tidak tinggi. Pendingin berupa cairan jenuh 421 K dialirkan. Diameter
reactor 35 cm.

Diketahui CPA = 20 cal/gmol.K A = 1000


𝐸
CPB = 10 cal/gmol.K = 6500 𝐾
𝑅
CPC = 15 cal/gmol.K α = -12.5
CPInert = 10cal/gmol.K β = 4400 K
∆HoRX = -35000 cal/gmolK Tref = 273 K
Tekanan = 7 atm = 0.71 MPa
U = 0.0085 cal/cm3.det.K
𝐸
𝑘 = 𝐴 exp (− 𝑅𝑇)
𝛽
𝐾 = exp (𝛼 + )
𝑇

Penyelesaian
Reaksi yang berlangsung :
T0 = 470 K
Tc = 421 K
TRef = 273 K

F0 =10 gmol/detik FA0 = 80.6 % F0

∆𝐻𝑅 = ∆H𝑅 0 + (𝐶𝑝𝐵 + 𝐶𝑝𝐶 − 𝐶𝑝𝐴 )(𝑇 − 𝑇𝑟𝑒𝑓 )


∆𝐻𝑅 = −35000 cal/gmol + (10 + 15 − 20)(𝑇 − 273 𝐾)
cal 𝑐𝑎𝑙
∆𝐻𝑅 = −36365 +5𝑇
gmol 𝑔𝑚𝑜𝑙𝐾

Stokiometri
A + I ↔ B +C

FB0 = FC0 = 0 FB = FA0XA FC = FA0XA FI = FI0


FA0= FA0 (1- XA )

∑ 𝐹𝑖𝐶𝑝𝑖 = 𝐹𝐴 𝐶𝑃𝐴 + 𝐹𝐵 𝐶𝑃𝐵 + 𝐹𝐶 𝐶𝑃𝐶 + 𝐹𝐼 𝐶𝑃𝐼

∑ 𝐹𝑖𝐶𝑝𝑖 = 𝐹𝐴0 (1 − 𝑋𝐴 )𝐶𝑃𝐴 + 𝐹𝐴0 𝑋𝐴 𝐶𝑃𝐵 + 𝐹𝐴0 𝑋𝐴 𝐶𝑃𝐶 + 𝐹𝐼0 𝐶𝑃𝐼

= 8.06(1 − 𝑋𝐴 )20 + 8.06𝑋𝐴 10 + 8.06𝑋𝐴 15 + 1.7 (10)

= 178.2 + 40.3 𝑋𝐴

Laju Reaksi
𝐶𝐵 𝐶𝐶
(−𝑟𝑎) = 𝑘 (𝐶𝐴 − )
𝐾

6500
𝑘 = 104 exp (− )
𝑇
4400
𝐾 = exp (−12.5 + )
𝑇
6500 𝐶𝐵 𝐶𝐶
(−𝑟𝑎) = 104 exp (− ) (𝐶𝐴 − )
𝑇 4400
exp (−12.5 + 𝑇 )
Mencari CA0

𝐹0 𝑅 𝑇
𝑉0 =
𝑃
𝑔𝑚𝑜𝑙 8.314𝑐𝑚3 𝑀𝑃𝑎
8.06 𝑠 470
𝐾. 𝑔𝑚𝑜𝑙
=
0.71 𝑀𝑃𝑎

𝑉0 = 44337.94 𝑐𝑚3 /𝑠
𝑉 = 𝑉0 (1 + 𝜖𝐴 𝑋𝐴 )
2−2
𝑉 = 𝑉0 (1 + 𝑋𝐴 )
2
𝑉 = 𝐹𝐴0

𝐹𝐴0
𝐶𝐴0 =
𝑉0
8.06
𝐶𝐴0 =
44337.94
𝐶𝐴0 = 1.81 𝑋 10−4 𝑐𝑚3 /𝑠

𝐶𝐴 = 𝐶𝐴𝑂 (1 − 𝑥𝐴 )
𝐶𝐵 = 𝐶𝑐 = 𝐶𝐴𝑂 (𝑥𝐴 )

Subsitusika Cao ke (-ra)

4
6500 (𝐶𝐴𝑂 (𝑥𝐴 ))2
(−𝑟𝑎) = 10 exp (− ) (𝐶𝐴𝑂 (1 − 𝑥𝐴 ) − )
𝑇 4400
exp (−12.3 + 𝑇 )

6500 3.3 𝑥 10^ − 8(𝑥𝐴 )2


(−𝑟𝑎) = 104 exp (− ) (1.81 𝑥 10−4 (1 − 𝑥𝐴 ) − )
𝑇 4400
exp (−12.3 + 𝑇 )
Mencari Konversi

𝜋
𝑑𝑥𝐴 (−𝑟𝑎) ( ) 𝐷2
= 4
𝑑𝑧 𝐹𝐴0

2
6500 3.3 𝑥 10−8(𝑥𝐴) 𝜋
104 exp (− 𝑇 ) (1.81 𝑥 10−4 (1 − 𝑥𝐴 ) − 4400 ) ( 4 ) 35
2

𝑑𝑥𝐴 exp (−12.3 + 𝑇 )


=
𝑑𝑧 8.06

2
𝑑𝑥𝐴 4
6500 −4 (1
3.3 𝑥 10−8(𝑥𝐴)
= 115.85 10 exp (− ) (1.81 𝑥 10 − 𝑥𝐴 ) − )
𝑑𝑧 𝑇 4400
exp (−12.3 + 𝑇 )

Mencari Temeperatur

𝑑𝑥𝐴
𝑑𝑇 − (∆𝐻𝑅 𝐹𝐴0 𝑑𝑧 ) − 𝑈𝜋𝐷(𝑇 − 𝑇𝑐 )
=
𝑑𝑍 ∑ 𝐹𝑖𝐶𝑝𝑖
𝑑𝑥𝐴
𝑑𝑇 − (= −36365 + 5 𝑇(8.06) 𝑑𝑧 ) − 0.008 5𝜋 35(𝑇 − 421)
=
𝑑𝑍 178.2 + 40.3𝑋𝐴

Menggunakan Runge-Kutta orde 4 stimultan