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HALAMAN PENGESAHAN

Judul Penelitian : Pengaruh Terapi Musik Terhadap Tekanan Darah Pada

Penderita Hipertensi Di RSUD Sunan Kalijaga Demak

Peneliti : Nining Musayaroh

Peminatan : Keperawatan Klinik Medikal Bedah

Skripsi ini telah dipertahankan dihadapan Tim Penguji Karya Tulis Ilmiah

Program Studi Diploma IV Keperawatan Klinik Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes

Semarang.

Semarang, 13 Januari 2011

......................................................................
(Sri Endang Windiharti, S.Kep, Ns, M.Kes.) Penguji I
NIP. 19681007 199103 2 001

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(Syamsul Arif SN, S.Kep, Ns, M.Kes.) Penguji II
NIP.19750407 199803 1 003

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(Shobirun, MN.) Penguji III
NIP. 19680120 199312 1 001

Ketua Program Studi DIV Keperawatan

………………………………………….
Putrono, S.Kep, Ns, M.Kes
NIP.

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KATA PENGANTAR

Puji syukur Peneliti panjatkan kehadirat Allah SWT, atas berkah dan

karunianya, sehingga Peneliti dapat menyelesaikan tugas akhir yang berjudul

“PENGARUH TERAPI MUSIK TERHADAP TEKANAN DARAH PADA

PENDERITA HIPERTENSI DI RSUD SUNAN KALIJAGA DEMAK.”

Dalam penulisan Skripsi ini tidak lepas dari bantuan berbagai pihak

yang selama ini selalu memotivasi peneliti, untuk itu perkenankan pada

kesempatan ini peneliti mengucapkan terimakasih kepada :

1. Sugiyanto, S.Pd, M.App, Sc., selaku Direktur Politeknik Kesehatan

Kemenkes Semarang.

2. Dr. Singgih S, MMR., selaku Direktur RSUD Sunan Kalijaga Demak yang

telah memberikan ijin pada peneliti untuk menyelesaikan penelitian.


3. Putrono, S.Kep,Ns, M.Kes., selaku Ketua Jurusan Keperawatan Politeknik

Kesehatan Kemenkes Semarang.


4. Mugi Hartoyo, MN., selaku Ketua Program Studi Diploma IV Keperawatan

Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Semarang.


5. Sri Endang Windiharti, S.Kep,Ns, M.Kes., selaku penguji I penelitian karya

tulis ilmiah yang telah memberikan bimbingan, dukungan dan semangat pada

peneliti.
6. Syamsul Arif SN, Skep,Ns, M.Kes., selaku pembimbing I dan penguji II

penelitian karya tulis ilmiah yang telah memberikan bimbingan serta

mencurahkan waktu dan tenaga bagi peneliti.


7. Shobirun, MN., selaku pembimbing II dan penguji III penelitian karya tulis

ilmiah yang telah memberikan bimbingan, dukungan dan semangat pada

peneliti.

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8. Dosen dan staf Program Studi Diploma IV Keperawatan Klinik Politeknik

Kesehatan Kemenkes Semarang yang telah banyak membantu dalam proses

pembuatan Karya Tulis Ilmiah ini.


9. Keluarga tercinta yang telah menberikan dukungan secara moril dan material.
10. Teman-teman Mahasiswa Program Studi Diploma IV Keperawatan Klinik

Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Semarang.


11. Semua pihak yang tidak dapat peneliti sebutkan satu persatu yang telah

membantu memberikan dukungan dalam penelitian karya tulis ilmiah ini.

Peneliti menyadari sepenuh hati bahwa masih banyak kekurangan

dalam penelitian Skripsi ini, karena keterbatasan pengetahuan dan kemampuan

yang peneliti miliki. Untuk itu peneliti mengharapkan kritik dan saran yang

membangun demi penyempurnaannya.

Dengan segala kerendahan hati peneliti berharap semoga Skripsi ini

bermanfaat bagi kita semua, Amien.

Demak, Januari 2011

Peneliti

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INTISARI

Nining Musayaroh :
Skripsi
Pengaruh Terapi Musik Terhadap Tekanan Darah Pada Penderita
Hipertensi Di RSUD Sunan Kalijaga Demak

Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menganalisa pengaruh terapi musik


terhadap tekanan darah pada penderita hipertensi di RSUD Sunan Kalijaga
Demak. Musik merupakan sebuah rangsangan pendengaran yang terorganisir yang
terdiri dari melodi, ritme, harmoni, timbre, bentuk dan gaya. Musik memiliki
kekuatan untuk mengobati penyakit dan ketidakmampuan yang dialami oleh tiap
orang. Ketika musik diaplikasikan menjadi sebuah terapi maka musik dapat
meningkatkan, memulihkan dan memelihara kesehatan fisik, mental, emosional,
sosial dan spiritual dari setiap individu
Jenis penelitian ini merupakan penelitian Pra Eksperimental one-group
pre-test-postes design. Proses penelitian dilakukan dengan mengukur tekanan
darah pasien yang menderita hipertensi di RSUD Sunan Kalijaga Demak, sebagai
perlakuan adalah dilakukan pengukuran tekanan darah, kemudian dilakukan
pemberian terapi musik dan akhirnya dilakukan pengukuran tekanan darah lagi.
Sampel penelitian berjumlah 72 responden dengan analisis yang digunakan adalah
uji alternatif wilcoxon test.
Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rata-rata tekanan darah sistole dan
diastole pre terapi musik 162,85 dan 107,29 sedangkan rata-rata tekanan darah
sistole dan diastole post terapi musik 155,14 dan 102,71. Dan terdapat perbedaan
tekanan darah diastole sebelum dan sesudah pemberian terapi musik pada pasien
hipertensi di RSUD Sunan Kalijaga Demak secara bermakna dengan p-value
0,000
Dari hasil penelitian yang didapat diharapkan perawat dapat melaksanakan
proses terapi musik pada berbagai pasien hipertensi sehingga dapat mempercepat
proses penurunan tekanan darah pasien tersebut

Kata kunci :
Tekanan darah, terapi musik, hipertensi

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ABSTRACT

Nining Musayaroh
Thesis
Effect of Music Therapy on Blood Pressure In Patients with Hypertension
in Hospital Kalijaga Sunan Demak

This research was conducted to analyze the effects of music therapy on


blood pressure of hypertension patients in hospitals pads Sunan Kalijaga Demak.
Music is an organized auditory stimuli consisting of melody, rhythm, harmony,
timbre, form and style. Music has the power to treat disease and disability
experienced by each person. When music therapy is then applied to become music
can enhance, restore and maintain physical health, mental, emotional, social and
spiritual of each people.
This research is the study of Pre Experimental one-group pre-test-post-test
design. The research process is done by measuring the blood pressure of patients
suffering from hypertension in hospitals Sunan Kalijaga Demak, as treatment is
performed blood pressure measurements, and then made the provision of music
therapy and ultimately blood pressure measurements were taken again. Study
sample totalled 72 responders with the analysis method is an alternative Wilcoxon
test.
The results showed that the average systolic and diastolic blood pressure
pre music therapy 162.85 and 107.29 while the average systolic and diastolic
blood pressure post music therapy 155.14 and 102.71. And there are differences in
blood pressure diastole before and after the administration of music therapy pads
hypertension patients in hospitals Sunan Kalijaga Demak significantly at p-value
0.000.
From the research results obtained are expected nurses to carry out the
process of music therapy pads of hypertension patients in order to speed up the
process of reduction of blood pressure patients

Keywords:
Blood pressure, music therapy, hypertension

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DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN JUDUL
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LEMBAR PENGSAHAN
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KATA PENGANTAR
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INTISARI
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ABSTRAK
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DAFTAR ISI
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DAFTAR GAMBAR
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DAFTAR TABEL
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DAFTAR LAMPIRAN
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1. PENDAHULUAN.................................................................................... 1
1.1. Latar Belakang Masalah
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1
1.2. Pertanyaan Penelitian
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1.3. Tujuan Penelitian

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1.4. Manfaat Penelitian
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2. TINJAUAN PUSTAKA........................................................................... 7
2.1. Tinjauan Teori
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2.1.1 Hipertensi
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2.1.2 Terapi Musik
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2.1.3 Hubungan Terapi Musik Dengan Tekanan Darah
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2.2. Kerangka Teori
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2.3. Hipotesa
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3. METODE PENELITIAN......................................................................... 24
3.1. Kerangka Konsep Penelitian
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3.2. Jenis dan Rancangan Penelitian
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3.3. Populasi dan Sampel
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3.3.1 Populasi
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3.3.2 Sampel
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3.3.3 Tehnik Sampling
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3.4. Definisi Operasional dan Variabel Penelitian
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3.4.1 Definisi Operasional
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3.4.2 Variabel Penelitian
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3.5. Instrumen Penelitian dan Tehnik Pengumpulan Data
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3.5.1 Instrumen Penelitian
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3.5.2 Cara Pengumpulan Data
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3.6. Tehnik Pengolahan dan Analisa Data
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3.6.1. Pengolahan Data
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3.6.2. Analisis Data
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3.7. Etika Penelitian
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4. HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN................................................................ 34

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4.1. Hasil
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4.2. Pembahasan
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4.3. Keterbatasan Penelitian
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5. SIMPULAN DAN SARAN..................................................................... 51
5.1. Simpulan
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5.2. Saran
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DAFTAR REFERENSI
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LAMPIRAN
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DAFTAR RIWAYAT HIDUP
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DAFTAR GAMBAR

2.1 Kerangka Teori

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3.1 Kerangka Konsep

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3.2 Bentuk Rancangan

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DAFTAR TABEL

2.1 Klasifikasi Hipertensi

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4.1 Distribusi Frekuensi Berdasarkan Usia Responden

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4.2 Distribusi Frekuensi Berdasarkan Pendidikan Responden

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4.3 Distribusi Frekuensi Berdasarkan Jenis Kelamin Responden

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4.4 Nilai Rata-Rata Tekanan Darah Sistole dan diastole Responden
Sebelum Terapi Musik

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4.5 Nilai Rata-Rata Tekanan Darah Sistole dan Diastole Responden
Setelah Terapi Musik

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4.6 Uji Wilcoxon Test Pada Penelitian Perbedaan Tekanan Darah Sistole
dan Diastole Sebelum Dan Sesudah Pemberian Teknik Terapi Musik
Pada Pasien Hipertensi Di RSUD Sunan Kalijaga Demak

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DAFTAR LAMPIRAN

Lampiran 1. Surat Ijin Penelitian Dari Instansi Pendidikan


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Lampiran 2. Surat Keterangan Pengambilan Data
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Lampiran 3. Surat Keterangan Telah Selesai Mengambil Data
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Lampiran 4. Lembar Permintaan Menjadi Responden
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Lampiran 5. Lembar Persetujuan Menjadi Responden
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Lampiran 6. Tabel Data
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Lampiran 7. Lembar Prosedur Pengukuran Tekanan Darah
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Lampiran 8. Lembar Prosedur Pemberian Terapi Musik
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Lampiran 9. Lembar Data Penelitian
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Lampiran 10. Hasil SPSS
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