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Choose the letter of the best answer. Put your answers in the answer sheet provided.

397.56

3.76

– 16

4. Given the equation 3x2 + Bx + 12 = 0, what is the value of B so that the roots of the equation are equal?

– 12

1076

6. How many terms of the progression 3, 5, 7, ...... should there be so that their sum will be 2600?

50

7. In how many minutes after 2 p.m. will the hands of the clock extend in opposite directions for the first time?

43.636

8. At approximately what time between 6 and 7 o’clock will the minute and hour hands coincide?

32 min and 43 sec after 6 o’clock

218

10. Mike, Loui, and Joy can mow the lawn in 4, 6, and 7 hours respectively. What fraction of the yard can they mow in

1 hour if they work together?

47/84

11. Ten liters of 25% salt solution and 15 liters of 35% salt solution are poured into a drum originally containing 30

liters of 10% salt solution. What is the percent concentration of salt in the mixture?

19.55%

12. At what time after 12:00 noon will the hour hand and the minute hand of the clock first form an angle of 120

degrees?

12:21.818

13. The explement of an angle is four times its supplement. Find the angle.

120°

2 csc x

175°

16. Find the radius of a circle inscribe in a triangle the sides of which are 5 ft, 7 ft, and 9 ft.

1.658 ft

17. A railroad curve is to be laid in a circular path. What should be the radius if the track is to change direction by 30

degress at a distance of 300 m?

573 m

18. If the sides of a right triangle are 3, 4, 5m, the area of the inscribed circle is _________.

Pi square m

27 m

20. The angle of a sector is 30 degrees and the radius is 15 cm. What is the area of the sector in cm2?

58.9

21. The diameter of the face of a clock is 20 cm. Find the area of the quadrilateral with vertices at numbers 1, 5, 8,

and 11.

186.57 cm2

22. An equilateral triangle of side 8 cm is enclosed in a circle. Find the difference in the areas of the circle and triangle.

39.308 cm2

23. The official distance between the home plate and the second base in a baseball diamond is 120 ft. Find the

distances of the bases if the official baseball diamond is in a form of a square.

84.85 ft

24. One side of a regular octagon is 2. Find the area of the region inside the octagon.

19.3

25. The sum of the interior angles of a polygon is 540 degrees. Find the number of sides.

5

P11,040.20

27. What is the effective rate for an interest rate of 12% compounded continuously?

12.75%

28. If P5,000.00 shall accumulate for 10 years at 8% compounded quarterly, find the compounded interest at the end

of 10 years.

6,040.20

29. What is the present worth of a P1,000.00 annuity over a 10-yr period, if interest rate is 8%?

P6,710.00

30. What annuity over a 10-year period at 8% interest is equivalent to a present worth of P100,000.00?

P14,903

31. If P500 is invested at the end of each year for 6 years, at an effective rate of 7%. What is the total amount

available upon the deposit of the 6th payment?

P3577.00

32. Find the equation of the circle if the ends of the diameter are (–3, 5) and (7, 3).

(x – 2)2 + (y – 1)2 = 41

33. Determine the equation of the parabola given: vertex at (0, 0), axis along x-axis and passing through (–3, 6).

y2 + 12x = 0

x=–4

35. Find the area of the triangle which the line 2x – 3y + 6 = 0 forms with the coordinate axes.

3

6x + 3

24

6x – 10

39. Determine the diameter of a closed cylindrical tank having a volume of 11.3 cu. m to obtain minimum surface

area.

2.44

40. The cost C of a product is a function of the quantity x of the product: C(x) = x2 – 4000x + 50. Find the quantity for

which the cost is minimum.

2000

7x4/4 + 4x3/3 + C

3i

5

5∠ 53.1°

–(3 – i)

8i

47. Roll two dice once. What is the probability that the sum is 7?

1/6

48. A coin is tossed 3 times. What is the probability of getting 3 tails up?

1/8

49. A ball is dropped down a well and 5 seconds later the sound of the splash is heard. If velocity of sound is 330m/s,

what is the depth of the well?

107.2

50. How far does an automobile move while its speed increases uniformly from 15 kph to 45 kph in 20 seconds?

167m

amorphous

vacancy

thermal energy

54. After the junction recombination process has reached equilibrium, what is the area that surrounds the junction

called?

the depletion region

55. One of the prime dangers to the semiconductor diode is heat. Excessive current generated by heat which

eventually destroys a diode is called

thermal runaway

acts like nearly constant capacitor

Schottky diode

58. The class of transistor amplifier operation that uses exactly half of the input signal is:

Class B

59. Which of the electronic transistor configuration has the highest current gain?

Common collector

RC

IC and VCE

62. What bias generally provides good Q-point stability but requires both positive and negative supply voltages?

Emitter bias

Cutoff

64. BJTs are _______-controlled devices, but FETs are _______-controlled devices.

current, voltage

Silicon dioxide

Cut-off

67. It is the ratio of a change in the drain current to the corresponding change in the gate – to – source voltage.

Forward Transconductance

68. It is a FET amplifier configuration characterized by a voltage gain of 1 and very high input impedance.

Common Drain

69. For an n-channel depletion MOSFET, IDSS = 8 mA and VGS(Off) = -6 V. If VGS = 0.8 V, what is the value of the drain

current, ID?

10.28 mA

70. In an E-MOSFET, __________ is needed to create the necessary channel between the source and the drain.

Surface Inversion

71. The ________ JFET uses a positive drain supply voltage.

n-channel

72. What two parameters are used to represent the FET transfer characteristic?

Gate-to-source voltage and drain current

73. A region where the drain current becomes constant even if the voltage source that produces it continues to

increase

Saturation

Maximum Drain Current

Voltage Divider

Voltage amplifier

77. To reduce the effects of noise resulting in erratic switching of output states of a comparator, you can use

hysteresis.

78. It takes an op-amp 22 µ s to change its output from –15 V to +15 V. Determine the slew rate.

1.36 Vµ /s

79. A(n) _____ amplifier configuration has an input impedance approximately equal to the input resistor Ri and an

output impedance approximately equal to the output impedance of the op-amp itself.

inverting

80. A comparator with a Schmitt trigger has how many trigger levels

two trigger levels.

81. In a(n) _____, when the input voltage exceeds a specified reference voltage, the output changes state.

comparator

82. Negative feedback added to an op-amp _____ the bandwidth and _____ the gain.

increases, decreases

83. What circuit produces an output that approximates the area under the curve of an input function?

Integrator

Anode, Cathode and Gate

Relay

86. Your boss has asked you to recommend a thyristor that will enable you to turn it on with a pulse and also turn it off

with a pulse. Which one of the following should you recommend?

an SCS

Lines of Force

Inductors

Kirchhoff’s Second Law

J/C

91. What is the time constant of a series RC circuit that contains a 12 MΩ resistor and a 12 μF capacitor?

144 seconds

3.5 HP

50%

94. What law in electronics where an induced current will be in such a direction that its own magnetic field will oppose

the magnetic field that produced the same?

Lenz’s Law

95. A coil of 50 Ohm resistance and 150mH, inductance is connected in parallel with 50 uf capacitor. The source

voltage is 100 sin(ωt + 30o) V. What is the equation of the line current?

1.25 sin(ωt + 75.5o)

R / |Z|

It is at a maximum.

98. Solve for the total reactance of a 250 mH coil in series with a 4.7 μF capacitor at a signal frequency of 450 Hz,

ignoring effects of DC resistance.

706 ohms

99. What is the time constant of a 500 mH coil and a 3,300 ohm resistor in series?

0.00015 sec

Admittance

101. Are those flip-flops that operate with a 1-to-0 transition that corresponds to the clock signal applied to the flip-

flops?

negative-edge triggered

45302

103. How many 2-input NAND gates must be used to implement a 3-input OR gate?

6

104. 123X = 102Y. Determine the value of X and Y. Note that X and Y are the bases of the number.

X= 4, Y = 5

105. A combinational circuit that converts binary information from n input lines to a maximum of 2n unique output lines.

decoder

106. It is the bus that links the CPU and the external cache memory.

Backside bus

107. Type of RAM that needs periodic refreshing to maintain the stored data.

dynamic RAM

positive photoresist

109. It states that the number of transistors in a chip doubles every 18 months.

Moore’s Law

Miller index

111. Chemical used for dissolving oxide from the wafer surface.

HF

Czochralski Method or Float Zone Method

113. An inverter has the terminal currents Iin(low) = 2.43 mA, Iin(high) = 98.9 µ A, Iout(low) = 54.3 mA, and Iout(high) =

71.4 mA. What is the maximum fan out?

22

multiple-emitter transistor

totem-pole or push-pull

116. The transition voltages of a logic inverter are measured on a curve tracer and are found to be VIH = 2V, VIL = 0.8V,

VOH = 2.8V, VOL = 0.3V. Find the high state noise margin of the logic gate.

0.8 V

117. Which among the following logic families consumes most amount of power?

ECL

Band-pass filter

119. An RC filter whose output is taken across the resistor is a

high pass filter

–20dB/decade or –6dB/octave

Butterworth Filter

Elliptical Filter

Sallen-Key filter

124. Given are the following parameters for a given filter: lower cutoff frequency is 1kHz and higher cutoff

frequency is 100kHz. Determine the center frequency.

10 kHz

125. If the quality factor is less than 10, then the filter is

wide band

126. Filter circuits made of resistors, capacitors, and inductors are called as

passive filters

127. Oscillator that makes use of a notch-filter response at its resonant frequency.

Twin-T

Wein-bridge

129. A basic Colpitts oscillator contains haw many inductors at its feedback circuit?

1

Armstrong

131. The amplitude of each of the sideband is 20uV for 50% modulation, what is the amplitude of the unmodulated

carrier?

80uV

132. In an AM signal that is 100 percent modulated, what maximum voltage value is present in each sideband?

1/2 the carrier voltage

Audio frequency unit and radio frequency unit

134. If an 860-kilohertz AM signal is modulated by frequencies of 5 and 10 kilohertz, what is the bandwidth?

20 kilohertz

135. Modulation produced in the plate circuit of the last radio stage of a system is known by what term?

High-level modulation

136. In an fm signal, (a) the RATE of shift is proportional to what characteristic of the modulating signal, and (b) the

AMOUNT of shift is proportional to what characteristic?

(a) Frequency (b) amplitude

137. Caused by chromospheric eruption on the sun resulting in ion density in the D region, with a moderate increase in

the E region, increasing their absorptive properties.

SID

138. The type of radio wave responsible for long-distance communications by multiple skips is the

Sky wave

139. If the critical frequency is 40 MHz and the take off angle is 30 degrees, what is the MUF?

46 MHz

140. A region where the air pressure is so low that free electrons and ions can move about for sometime without

getting close enough to recombine into neutral atoms.

Ionosphere

141. Calculate the beamwidth between nulls of a 2m parabolic reflector used at 6GHz.

3.5°

142. An array where the magnitude of the current in each element is the same but there is a phase difference of 90°

between currents progressively.

End-fire array

73Ω

144. It is an antenna λ /4 long and utilize the earth’s reflection of itself to provide the missing half.

Marconi

145. What is the minimum value of characteristic impedance you can make if you want to construct a parallel wire

line with two conductors with radii of 2mm?

83Ω

146. In a transmission line, if the SWR or maximum current to a minimum current ratio is 2:1, the ratio of the

maximum voltage to the minimum voltage is equal to

2:1

Dielectrics in the line

0 to 1

149. A transmission line less than λ /4 long is open circuited at the load. What is its response in the generator’s side?

Capacitive

150. A load ZL = 100-j80Ω is connected to a line whose characteristic impedance is 75Ω . Calculate the nearest point at

which a λ /4 transformer maybe inserted to provide matching

0.1832λ

151. An HF transmission line has a ZO = 120Ω and is terminated by an antenna. What is the reflection coefficient, Γ ,

on the line if the antenna impedance is 300Ω ?

0.43

152. The characteristic impedance of a transmission line does not depend upon its

length

153. Which of the following is not one of the three types of transmission line energy loss?

Insulation breakdown

120Ω

1

156. Recommended Standard that specifies the functional and mechanical characteristics of the interconnection

between DTE and complying EIA electronic standards RS-422 and RS-423. This standard is commonly found in data

network communication equipment

RS449

157. ______ is the name for an RS232 connection wired using a RJ45 jack

RS232D

RJ 45

159. V.92 is an ITU-T recommendation for a modem, allowing ______________ download and ________ upload

C. 56 kbps, 48 kbps

BER = 10-6

Bit rate = 150 kbps

Transmission time = 10 sec

Determine the approximate number of errors

161. Determine the approximate rate of error bits for a bit rate of 1200bps at 10-4 BER

0.12 error bits/sec

162. Provide high-speed Internet service to homes and businesses which upstream speed is not the same as

downstream speed

ADSL

163. A network device, usually at a telephone company central office, that receives signals from multiple customer

Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) connections and puts the signals on a high-speed backbone line using multiplexing

techniques.

DSLAM

164. An international communications standard for sending voice, video, and data over digital telephone lines or

normal telephone wires. Supports data transfer rates of 128 Kbps for B channel and 16 kbps for D channel. Also

known as 2B+D channels

ISDN

165. A method of data transmission in which small blocks of data are transmitted rapidly over a channel dedicated to

the connection only for the duration of the transmission

Packet switching

166. One of the approaches of packet switch network where all packets for one transmission take the same route

Node switching

167. One of the approaches of packet switch network where all packets for one transmission take the different route

Datagram

168. Any packet entering any port is broadcast out on every port so that all devices connected to its ports receive that

information. Result in a lot of unnecessary traffic being sent to all devices on the network. All ports share a single

bandwidth of the network

Hub

169. What is the maximum achievable bit-rate for a computer modem operating over a telephone channel with 3

kHz bandwidth and a maximum allowed signal power that guarantees only a 30dB

30 kbps

Baud rate

Larger core size and higher NA

Transverse

173. A light wave is incident on a surface. The reflected power is the greatest in which of the following incidences?

Almost parallel

174. The relationship between the incident rays and the refracted rays at a boundary between mediums with different

indexes of refraction describes what law?

Snell's Law

Core, cladding, and coating

176. Glass optical fibers have low loss between the infrared and ultra- violet absorptive regions. The approximate

wavelength of operation for glass optical fibers is in which of the following ranges?

700 nm to 1600 nm

177. For a multimode graded-index fiber, the numerical aperture is at its maximum value at which of the following

locations?

At the fiber axis

178. The multimode graded-index fiber that has the best bend performance and will show the least amount of optical

degradation if mishandled is what size?

62.5/125 µ m

179. Field loss measurements are made by using which of the following test equipments?

Optical sources and power meters; and optical time domain reflectometers

180. What is it called when the fiber end face is directly placed over the source emitting region?

Butt coupling

181. You are measuring a voice channel at a –4 dB test point level, the meter reads –73 dBm, convert the reading

into dBrnC0.

21

182. An antenna with noise temperature of 75K is connected to a receiver with a noise temperature of 300K. What

is the noise figure in dB?

3.6dB

unity

184. One of the following types of noise becomes of great importance at high frequencies

transit time

40dBa

A circuit for converting FM signals to AM signals

187. The method of generating FM in a broadcast stations transmitting high amount of power.

Using generated PM to avoid the use of unstable oscillators

Low-pass filter

189. If you have available number of power amplifiers with a gain of 100 each, how many such amplifiers do you need

to cascade to give an overall gain of 60dB?

3

190. A circuit used to silent the output if the receiver detects no modulated signal is received.

Squelch

75 usec

38 kHz

Circular

525 lines

41 - 47 MHz

Non-linear

197. In carbon microphone, when a compressing sound wave strikes the diaphragm, it pushes on the plunger and

compacts the carbon granules, ________ the contact resistance between them

Decreasing

198. If 70% of the incident sound energy is absorbed, the absorption coefficient is said to be ____

0.70

199. If the combined level of two noise sources is 80dB and the level with one of the sources turned off is 75dB,

what is the level of the remaining source?

78.3 dB

200. A combined sound having a loudness level of 80 phons with second sound of 85 phons is ___

86.2 phons

201. Parts of DSL transceiver which allows simultaneous POTS and data services.

splitter

202. The only switching standard which provides 100% error free delivery end to end.

X.25

203. A loaded cable is designated as 24-H-24. Calculate the inductance of the coil in mH.

24

204. The only switching standard which provides 100% error free delivery end to end.

X.25

205. How many ISDN B-channels would be required to transmit a 960 kbps video signal?

15

206. The half duplex microwave system operates in the frequency range of 5.6 – 7.5 GHz. If the channel bandwidth

is 20 MHz. What is the approximate center frequency of the 56th channel?

6710 MHz

207. ______ Dielectric Coaxial Cable is recommended for use with pressurized microwave radio relay systems and

antennas having unpressurized feeds

Foam

208. When the transmitting and receiving antennas are in L-O-S of each other the mode of propagation is ______

wave

Space

209. The digital microwave transmitter has 30dBm power output, 0.5dB transmission line loss, and 25dB dish gain.

Assuming the operating frequency is 2 GHz and the receiving antenna gain is 3dB. Calculate the effective radiated

power

282 W

210. If the microwave transmitter’s ERP is 10W, path distance is 10Km and the effective absorbing area of the

microwave receiver is 3.2m2, calculate the receive power level at the input of the microwave antenna

-45.94 dBm

211. In microwave system, the purpose of using diversity is to increase the ______ of the system by increasing its

_______

Reliability, Availability

212. In diversity techniques, the system can select the path or method that produces the highest quality received

signal. The highest quality is determined by evaluating the _______

C/N

213. _____ is a general term applied to the reduction in signal strength at the input to a receiver

Fading

214. _____ type dish antennas are solutions for low wind loading situations

Grid

215. A French physicist, ______________, defined the propagation of a radio wave as a three-dimensional elliptical

path between the transmitter and receiver

Augustin Fresnel

216. A satellite wishes to orbit the earth at a height of 100 km above the surface of the earth. Determine the

acceleration and orbital period of the satellite

9.5 m/s2, 1.44 Hrs

217. A fuel efficient way to transfer from one circular orbit to another circular orbit that is in the same plane (same

inclination), but a different altitude

Hohmann transfer

218. The law that states the square of the period of any planet is proportional to the cube of the semimajor axis of

its orbit. Also called law of periods or harmonic law

Kepler’s 3rd Law

219. An orbit that moves in a counterclockwise direction (same direction as earth’s rotation) if viewed looking down

from the North Pole

Posigrade (west to east ) equatorial orbit

1 MHz

GPRS

222. The most typical value of Grade of Service used in GSM cell planning.

2%

223. The part of an ATM cell header used to indicate cell priority.

CLP

125 microsec

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