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DAFTAR ISI

ABSTRAK .............................................................................................................. i
KATA PENGANTAR .......................................................................................... iii
DAFTAR ISI ...........................................................................................................v
DAFTAR TABEL ............................................................................................... vii
DAFTAR GAMBAR .......................................................................................... viii
DAFTAR SINGKATAN ...................................................................................... ix
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN ..........................................................................................x

BAB 1 PENDAHULUAN ......................................................................................1


1.1 Latar Belakang ..............................................................................................1
1.2 Rumusan Masalah .........................................................................................4
1.3 Tujuan Penelitian ...........................................................................................5
1.3.1 Tujuan Umum .....................................................................................5
1.3.2 Tujuan Khusus.....................................................................................5
1.4 Manfaat Penelitian .........................................................................................6
1.4.1 Manfaat Teoritis ..................................................................................6
1.4.2 Manfaat Praktis ...................................................................................6

BAB 2 TINJAUAN PUSTAKA .............................................................................7


2.1 Infeksi Kecacingan ........................................................................................7
2.1.1 Cacing Gelang (Ascaris lumbricoides) ...............................................7
2.1.2 Cacing Cambuk (Trichuris trichiura) ...............................................10
2.1.3 Cacing kait (Necator americanus dan Ancylostoma duodenale) ......13
2.1.4 Strongyloides stercoralis ...................................................................16
2.2 Tingkat Ekonomi .........................................................................................19
2.2.1 Pengertian Tingkat Ekonomi .............................................................19
2.2.2 Faktor-Faktor yang Menentukan Tingkat Ekonomi ..........................20
2.2.3 Surat Keterangan Tidak Mampu (SKTM) ........................................22
2.3 Personal Hygiene ........................................................................................23
2.3.1 Pengertian Personal Hygiene............................................................23
2.3.2 Manfaat Personal Hygiene ...............................................................23
2.3.3 Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Personal Hygiene ................................23
2.3.4 Praktek Hygiene ................................................................................25
2.4 Anak Usia Pra Sekolah ...............................................................................26

BAB 3 KERANGKA KONSEPTUAL DAN HIPOTESIS PENELITIAN .....28


3.1 Kerangka Konseptual Penelitian .................................................................28
3.2 Hipotesis Penelitian .....................................................................................28

BAB 4 METODE PENELITIAN ........................................................................29


4.1 Desain Penelitian .........................................................................................29
4.2 Tempat dan Waktu Penelitian .....................................................................29
4.3 Populasi dan sampel penelitian ...................................................................29
4.3.1 Populasi Penelitian ............................................................................29

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4.3.2 Sampel dan Kriteria Penelitian ..........................................................29
4.3.3 Teknik Pengambilan Sampel .............................................................30
4.4 Identifikasi Variabel ....................................................................................31
4.5 Definisi Operasional ....................................................................................31
4.6 Instrumen Penelitian ....................................................................................32
4.7 Prosedur Penelitian ......................................................................................33
4.8 Pengolahan dan Analisis Data .....................................................................33
4.8.1 Pengolahan Data ................................................................................33
4.8.2 Analisis Data .....................................................................................34

BAB V HASIL PENELITIAN DAN ANALISIS DATA ..................................35


5.1 Deskripsi Lokasi Penelitian .........................................................................35
5.2 Hasil Penelitian dan Analisis .......................................................................36
5.2.1 Karakteristik responden menurut jenis kelamin ................................36
5.2.2 Karakteristik responden menurut usia ...............................................36
5.2.3 Karakteristik infeksi kecacingan .......................................................37
5.2.4 Karakteristik jenis cacing ..................................................................37
5.2.5 Karakteristik responden berdasarkan terinfeksi kecacingan .............38
5.2.6 Karakteristik tingkat ekonomi responden .........................................38
5.2.7 Karakteristik personal hygiene responden ........................................39
5.2.8 Hubungan tingkat ekonomi dengan infeksi kecacingan ....................39
5.2.9 Hubungan personal hygiene dengan infeksi kecacingan ..................40

BAB VI PEMBAHASAN.....................................................................................41
6.1 Gambaran karakteristik responden berdasarkan usia dan jenis kelamin .....41
6.2 Gambaran infeksi kecacingan pada anak pra sekolah .................................42
6.3 Gambaran tingkat ekonomi pada anak usia pra sekolah .............................44
6.4 Gambaran personal hygiene pada anak usia pra sekolah ............................45
6.5 Hubungan tingkat ekonomi dengan infeksi kecacingan ..............................47
6.6 Hubungan personal hygiene dengan infeksi kecacingan ............................49

BAB VII KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN ............................................................50


7.1 Kesimpulan ..................................................................................................50
7.2 Saran ............................................................................................................51

DAFTAR PUSTAKA ...........................................................................................52

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DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 4.5 Definisi Operasional ..............................................................................31


Tabel 5.1 Distribusi responden berdasarkan jenis kelamin ....................................36
Tabel 5.2 Distribusi responden berdasarkan usia ...................................................36
Tabel 5.3 Distribusi frekuensi infeksi kecacingan .................................................37
Tabel 5.4 Distribusi frekuensi jenis cacing ............................................................37
Tabel 5.5 Distribusi infeksi kecacingan berdasarkan jenis kelamin ......................38
Tabel 5.6 Distribusi infeksi kecacingan berdasarkan usia .....................................38
Tabel 5.7 Distribusi frekuensi tingkat ekonomi .....................................................39
Tabel 5.8 Distribusi frekuensi personal hygiene....................................................39
Tabel 5.9 Hubungan tingkat ekonomi dengan infeksi kecacingan ........................39
Tabel 5.10 Hubungan personal hygiene dengan infeksi kecacingan .....................40

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 2.1 Telur dan Ascaris lumbricoides dewasa ...............................................8


Gambar 2.2 Siklus hidup Ascaris lumbricoides .......................................................8
Gambar 2.3 Telur dan Trichuris trichiura dewasa ................................................11
Gambar 2.4 Siklus hidup Trichuris trichiura.........................................................11
Gambar 2.5 Telur cacing kait .................................................................................14
Gambar 2.6 Siklus hidup cacing kait .....................................................................14
Gambar 2.7 Cacing dewasa dan larva cacing Strongyloides..................................16
Gambar 2.8 Siklus hidup cacing Strongyloides .....................................................17

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DAFTAR SINGKATAN

BAB : Buang Air Besar


BPS : Badan Pusat Statistik
CDC : Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CFR : Case Fatality Rate
PNS : Pegawai Negeri Sipil
PPM : Pengendalian Penyakit Menular
SD : Sekolah Dasar
SKTM : Surat Keterangan Tidak Mampu
STH : Soil Transmitted Helminth
TBC : Tuberculosis
UNICEF : United Nations Children's Fund
UU : Undang – undang
WC : Water Closet
WHO : World Health Organization

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DAFTAR LAMPIRAN

Lampiran 1 Lembar Informed Consent ..............................................................58


Lampiran 2 Lembar Kuesioner Personal Hygiene ............................................59
Lampiran 3 Master Data Penelitian ...................................................................62
Lampiran 4 Output Uji Statistik .........................................................................66
Lampiran 5 Dokumentasi Penelitian ..................................................................70