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DAFTAR ISI

LEMBAR PERSETUJUAN ......................................................................................... i


PERSETUJUAN DEWAN PENGUJI......................................................................... ii
LEMBAR PERNYATAAN ORISINALITAS ............................................................ ii
LEMBAR PERNYATAAN PUBLIKASI ................................................................... iv
ABSTRAK ..................................................................................................................... v
ABSTRACT ................................................................................................................... vi
KATA PENGANTAR ................................................................................................... vii
DAFTAR ISI.................................................................................................................. ix
DAFTAR TABEL ......................................................................................................... xi
DAFTAR GAMBAR ..................................................................................................... xii
DAFTAR LAMPIRAN ................................................................................................. xiii
DAFTAR SINGKATAN ............................................................................................... xiv
BAB 1 PENDAHULUAN ............................................................................................. 1
I.1 Latar Belakang .............................................................................................. 1
I.2 Rumusan Masalah.......................................................................................... 7
I.3 Tujuan Penelitian ........................................................................................... 8
I.3.1 Tujuan Umum ...................................................................................... 8
I.3.2 Tujuan Khusus ..................................................................................... 8
I.4 Manfaat Penelitian ......................................................................................... 9
I.4.1 Bagi Penulis ......................................................................................... 9
I.4.2 Bagi Universitas ................................................................................... 9
I.4.3 Bagi Peneliti Lain ................................................................................. 9
I.4.4 Bagi Masyarakat .................................................................................. 10
I.5 Ruang Lingkup .............................................................................................. 10
BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA DAN HIPOTESIS .................................................. 11
II.1 Obesitas ........................................................................................................ 11
II.1.1 Definisi Obesitas .................................................................................. 11
II.1.2 Epidemiologi........................................................................................ 13
II.1.3 Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi obesitas ........................................ 13
1. Faktor Genetik ...................................................................... 13
2. Pola Makan ........................................................................... 14
3. Aktivitas Fisik ....................................................................... 15
A. Definisi ........................................................................... 15
B. Manfaat ........................................................................... 16
C. Tipe-tipe .......................................................................... 17
D. Kriteria Aktivitas Fisik ................................................... 20
4. Faktor Sosio Demografi ........................................................ 24
II.2 Pengukuran Antropometri Sebagai Skrining Obesitas ................................. 25
II.2.1 Antropometri......................................................................................... 25
1. Indeks Massa Tubuh ............................................................. 26
A. Definisi ............................................................................ 26
B. Kategori........................................................................... 28
C. Kekurangan dan Kelebihan ............................................. 29
2. Rasio Lingkar Pinggang Panggul.......................................... 31
A. Definisi ............................................................................ 31
B. Cut of Point RLPP .......................................................... 31
C. Cara Pengukuran Lingkar Pinggang ............................... 33
D. Cara Pengukuran Lingkar Panggul ................................. 34

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II.3 Kerangka Teori ............................................................................................. 37
II.4 Kerangka Konsep ......................................................................................... 37
II.5 Hipotesis ....................................................................................................... 38
BAB III METODOLOGI PENELITIAN ................................................................... 39
III.1 Rancangan Penelitian .................................................................................. 39
III.2 Tempat dan Waktu Penelitian ..................................................................... 39
III.3 Variabel Penelitian dan Definisi Operasional ............................................. 39
III.3.1 Variabel Penelitian ............................................................................. 39
III.3.2 Definisi Operasional ........................................................................... 41
III.4 Populasi dan Sampel ................................................................................... 42
III.4.1 Populasi ............................................................................................... 42
III.4.2 Sampel ................................................................................................. 42
A. Kriteria Inklusi ...................................................................... 42
B. Kriteria Ekslusi ..................................................................... 42
III.4.3 Ukuran Sampel .................................................................................... 43
III.5 Alat dan Bahan ............................................................................................ 43
III.6 Cara Kerja ................................................................................................... 44
III.7 Proses Analisi Data ..................................................................................... 49
III.8 Alur Penelitian ............................................................................................ 51
III.9 Analisis Data ............................................................................................... 52
III.10 Etika Penelitian ......................................................................................... 53
BAB IV HASIL PENELITIAN ................................................................................... 55
IV.1 Karakteristik Responden ........................................................................................ 55
IV.2 Karakteristik Sampel Berdasarkan Kelompok ....................................................... 58
IV.3 Analisis Bivariat .................................................................................................... 59
BAB V PEMBAHASAN ........................................................................................................... 61
V.1 Hubungan Antara Aktivitas Fisik dengan IMT ............................................ 61
V.2 Hubungan Antara Aktivitas Fisik dengan RLPP ......................................... 63
V.3 Keterbatasan Penelitian ................................................................................ 64
BAB VI KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN ...................................................................... 65
VI.1 Kesimpulan ................................................................................................. 65
VI.2 Saran ........................................................................................................... 65
DAFTAR PUSTAKA .................................................................................................... 67
LAMPIRAN................................................................................................................... 71

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DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 2.1 Beberapa Gen Obesitas Pada Manusia ..................................................14


Tabel 2.2 Macam-macam Aktivitas Fisik .............................................................21
Tabel 2.3 Klasifikasi IMT menurut Kriteria Asia Pasifik......................................29
Tabel 2.4 Rasio Lingkar Pinggang Panggul ..........................................................31
Tabel 3.1 Definisi Operasional ..............................................................................41
Tabel 4.1.Distribusi Frekuensi dan Presentase Usia ..............................................55
Tabel 4.2 Distribusi Frekuensi dan Presentase Jenis Kelamin ..............................55
Tabel 4.3 Distribusi Frekuensi dan Presentase Aktivitas Fisik..............................56
Tabel 4.4 Distribusi Frekuensi dan Presentase IMT ..............................................56
Tabel 4.5 Distribusi Frekuensi dan Presentase RLPP ............................................57
Tabel 4.6 Distribusi Mean, Median, Standar Deviasi pada Variabel Sampek .......57
Tabel 4.7 Distribusi Sampel Berdasarkan Aktivitas Fisik dan IMT ......................58
Tabel 4.8 Distribusi Sampel Berdasarkan Aktivitas Fisik dan RLPP ....................58
Tabel 4.9 Hubungan Aktivitas Fisik dengan IMT .................................................59
Tabel 4.10 Hubungan Aktivitas Fisik dengan RLPP .............................................60

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 2.1 Model Pengukuran Pinggang dan Panggul ........................................35


Gambar 2.2 Nomogram Abdominal-Gluteal Ratio ................................................36
Gambar 3.1 Pengukuran Berat Badan ...................................................................45
Gambar 3.2 Pengukuran Tinggi Badan ..................................................................46
Gambar 3.3 Pengukuran Lingkar Pinggang ...........................................................47
Gambar 3.4 Pengukuran Lingkar Panggul ............................................................48

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DAFTAR LAMPIRAN

Lampiran 1 Surat Ijin Penelitian ............................................................................71


Lampiran 2 Hasil Output Uji Analisis ...................................................................72
Lampiran 3 Kuisioner Penelitian ...........................................................................77
Lampiran 4 Riwayat Hidup ....................................................................................83

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