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# Ch7: reservoir h=140m holding m=8.5x10^9 kg.

P generated as
draining= 330 MW over 8 hrs. what fraction initial pot energy is
lost to nonconserv. Forces? T=28800 sec. E=Pxt=330x10^6x
28800=9.504x10^12 J. Initial
U=mgh=8.5x10^9x9.8x140=11662x10^9 J. Fraction = (U-E)/U
 (11662x10^9-9.504x10^12)/(11662x10^9) =0.1850
Bug slides in a bowl 11cm deep starting from rest at top
(frictionless except for 1.5cm stick patch in flat center, coefficient
of fric=.61. how many times it cross sticky region? mgh=numgx
 n= h/(ux) = (11x10^-2)/(.61x (1.5x10^-2))=12.0218
K0+U0=K+U mgR=.5mv^2+mgy v^2=2gd
MgcosB-N=(mv^2)/R since N=0 solve for v^2=gRcosB=g(R-d)
combine 2gd=g(R-d) d=1/3R
Vine is vertical l=17m before gorge w=10 m what min v? run to
land 10 m away? Simple pendulum find speed at bottom of swing
using B  lsinB=10 m B=36. To get speed .5mv^2=mgl(1-
cosB)v=7.98m/s
Ch8. Two rockets launched form Earth one at 12km/s and the
other at 18km/s. how fast is each moving when it crosses Moon’s
orbit?
M=mass Earth. V0 is different for each then plug in for each
rocket
Ch9. a 1200 kg car v=50km/h hits 4400kg car v=35km/h and
stick then hit 1500 kg car v=65km/h
M1v1+m2v2=(m1+m2)v1200(50)+4400(35)=(1200+4400)v
v=38.2km/hTHEN(m1+m2)v+m3v3=(m1+m2+m3)v’(1200+44
00)x38. 2+1500(65)=(1200+4400+1500) v’ v’=43.86km/h

## 60kg astronaut floats in space tosses away 14kg Oxygen tank

and a 5.8 kg camera. Tank moves in x-direc v=1.6 m/s astro
recoils at 0.85m/s in 200 degree counter clockwise from x-axis,
find v of camera
V of astro in x: (0.85)cos200=-0.7987 and V of astro in y:
(0.85)sin 200=(-0.2907)
Cons. Linear momentum in X =(14kg)(1.6m/s)+60kg(-
0.7987)+5.8V(camera)=0
Vcamera in x=4.4m/s and V camera in y=3m/s
Cons. Linear momentum in Y=(60kg)(-0.2907)+5.8v(camera)=0
V=((3^2)+(4.4^2))^.5=5.32 Direction B=tan^-1(3/4.4)=34.28

55kg sprinter at left end of 240 kg car moving left at 7.6 m/s runs
to right end and jumps off. Whats her sped relative to the cart in
order to leave cart with no horizontal velocity relative to ground?
–(55+240)X(-7.6m/s)/240=9.34m/s
400mg kernel is travelling (frictionless) at 8.2cm/s when it breaks
into two equal mass piece, if one piece ends up at rest, how
much energy was released popping? M1=M2=200x10^-3g KE of
popcorn =.5mv^2 plug in above E=13.5 erg. Coserv of linear
momentum mv=0+m2v2  v2=mv/m2…KE of 1 piece
E1=.5m2v2^2 substitute V2 from before
E1=.5(m^2v^2)/m2=26.9 erg…26.9-13.5=13.4x10^-7 J
114 g Frisbee is lodged on tree branch 7.65 m above ground, to
free it you trhow 240g wad vertically upward from 1.23 m above
ground at v=17.7m/s. it sticks to Frisbee, max h achieved by
system=? And speed when hits ground?
Just before the collision mud velocity =√(v0^2)-2g(y-
y0)=√(17.7^2)-2(9.8)(7.65-1.23m)=13.7m/s. Final V of system is
mv/(m+M)=(240)(13.7)/354=9.28m/s. Distance traveled
h=v^2/2g=4.40 m  total h=12.0m. object falling from this h
would have speed√2(9.8)(12.0)=15.4m/s upon hitting ground
Astoro (80kg) is detached from safety line 200 m from ship
carrying bag of 10kg to get back to ship she throw the kit away
with v=8m/s. she has 4 min left of air does she make it?
Conser. Linear momentum 10x8=80xv2
V2=1m/s so she makes it
Ch10: rotational inertia of rod spinning parallel is .25mL^2.
A motor connected to solid cylinder with diameter of 1.2 m and
mass of 51 kg(M) a massless rope is attached to the drum and
tied at the other end to a 38 kg (m) weight so the rope winds
onto the drum as it truns, what torque must the motor apply if
the weight is lifted with accel of 1.1m/s^2
I=.5MR^2 +mgR  =232.85 kg.m^2