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Personal Hygiene and


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According to the World Health

Organization, health is a state of
complete physical, mental and social
well-being and not merely the absence
of disease or infirmity.

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Hygiene refers to practices

associated with ensuring good health
and cleanliness.
It is the maintenance of health and
healthy living and includes bathing,
keeping the mouth clean, keeping the
skin protected from infections and
washing hands frequently.

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Good and Bad Hygiene

The difference between good and bad

hygiene is:
Good hygiene keep you protected from
things, like germs in the environment
that can hurt you
Bad hygiene allows these things to
affect your body and probably make
you sick

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The Benefits of Good Hygiene

Addressing the spread of germs is essential to

the health of our youth, our schools, and our
Good hygiene prevents the spread of germs
It also helps to give a good first impression to

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Why personal hygiene is so
important during adolescence
You feel better about yourself

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Keeps You Healthy

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Reflects The Best Possible You

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Taking Care Of Personal Hygiene Gives The
Best Reflection Of You To Others.

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Transmission of germs
Germs can be transmitted many ways, including:
Through dirty hands
Through droplets released during a cough or a
sneeze via air or contaminated surfaces
Through vectors
Through contact with a sick person's body fluids

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Good hand washing is the first line of defense against the
spread of many illnesses, from the common cold to more
serious illnesses such as Swine Flu, meningitis,
bronchiolitis, hepatitis A, and most types of infectious

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Click to edit Master text styles
Second level
● Third level

● Fourth level

● Fifth level

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Prevent Air Borne Infections
Cover your mouth and
nose when coughing and
sneezing, using a tissue

Throw the tissue away

quickly and carefully

Clean hard surfaces (like

door handles and remote
controls) frequently with a
normal cleaning product

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Healthy Skin

Soap and water are essential for

keeping the skin clean.
A good bath once or twice a day is
recommended, especially in tropical
countries like India.
Those who are involved in active
sports or work out would do well to
take a bath after the activity.

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Common Skin Problems
Boils (Folliculitis,
Impetigo), Cellulitis,
Fungal Infections

Several types of
bacteria and fungus
flourish in damp and
moist areas

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People should be
Acne affects about 80% of
It is not caused by

Increased hormone
stimulate the oil glands.

Produce a substance Page 18

Oral Hygiene
Well, whether it is a neem twig or battery brush, you cannot give brushing a miss.

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Oral Hygiene
Prevent the build-up of plaque.

causative factor of the major dental problems.

Poor oral hygiene allows the accumulation of

acid producing bacteria on the surface of the

Acid demineralizes the tooth enamel causing

tooth decay (cavities).
Dental plaque can also invade and infect the
gums causing gum disease

In both conditions, the final effect of poor

oral hygiene is the loss of one or more teeth.

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How Often and When to Brush and
At least two times a day
One time in the morning, and
one time at night
Consider brushing between
meals, too!
Floss at least one time a day
Floss if you feel food stuck in
your teeth

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Healthy Teeth and Gums
The health and cleanliness of
your mouth is important, if you
don’t brush and floss…
Cavities (holes in your teeth) may
Your breath will probably smell bad
You may be at higher risk for
serious disease later in life, such as
heart disease, stroke, and diabetes

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Brushing Technique and Skills
Place your toothbrush against the

Move the brush back and forth

gently in short (tooth-wide) strokes.

Brush the outer tooth surfaces, the

inner tooth surfaces, and the
chewing surfaces of the teeth.

Clean the inside surfaces of the front

teeth, using a gentle up-and-down

Brush your tongue to remove

bacteria and freshen your breath.

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Foods to Avoid

Bacteria in your mouth grow on sugar

Try to eat as little “junk food” as possible
=candy, chocolate, and other sweets

Avoid drinking soda and sweet tea

If you do eat these things, you may want to

brush immediately afterwards
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Hair - It is your crowning glory.
Wash your
hair at least
once a week
using soap
or mild
hair hormonal
afte that
a during
puberty are
can more active during
puberty. The glands on the hair
h hair to
become deposit
oily. oil on each hair. This
Oily hair needs
oil makes the hairto be
shiny but it also
dirt tofrequently
the hair.
than dry or normal hair. If
Choose a oily it should be
hair is very
washed everyto day.
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suit hair type.
Dealing with Dandruff
Skin sloughs-off dead cells as
new ones are produced.
In many people there is an
increase in dead skin shed
Excessive production of a
fungus called Pityrosporum
ovale which lives normally on
our skin
Gently massaging the scalp,
aiding in increasing the blood
circulation, instead of
scratching will help to prevent
the skin being disrupted
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Body Odour
Sweating is a vital and
normal process.

The apocrine glands

active at the onset of

When stimulated, they

produce perspiration and
the sweat in contact with Page 28
Ear Care
A very important part of
personal hygiene.
Consists of three parts; the
outer ear, the middle ear and
the inner ear.
Involves the care of the outer
Others parts can become
damaged if tampered with
Outer ear consists of the
visible part known as the
pinna and the entrance to the
ear canal leading to the ear
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Foot Care
Use towels that are kept
separate from anyone else
Wash and dry feet twice a
Pay particular attention to
thorough drying techniques
Change socks when moist

The common infections are

ringworm and athelete’s

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Nail Care
Nails made up of layers of protein
called keratin and indicative of
our general health.
Grow on average 1mm per week
Taking good care of your nails
and maintaining their cleanliness
very important
Nails can be kept clean by using
a simple mild soap, warm water
and a nail brush
Cut nails as germs may be
present inside them, specially
harmful if we use hands to eat
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Good Hygiene Habits

Get a good night's sleep

Eat a good breakfast
Take good dental care
Wash your hands frequently to
avoid spreading germs
Take bath daily to keep the dirt
and odours away

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Good habits every student
needs for success!
Get on a good schedule
Eat a healthy diet
Learn to exercise
Practice gratitude
Develop good study habits
Respect the environment

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Personal hygiene is the first step to good grooming and good
Elementary cleanliness is common knowledge.
Neglect causes problems that you may not even be aware of
Every external part of the body demands a basic amount of
attention on a regular basis

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