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GIS Data Management

Why is GIS Data Management

Outline and Introduction
 Peter Veenstra
 M.Sc. GIS – University of Edinburgh, UK
 13 years GIS Consulting and Software Development
 What is GIS Data Management?
 Why is GIS Data Management important?
 The Benefits of GIS Data Management
 Pipeline systems present unique data
management challenges
 Long thin corridors of data spanning jurisdictional boundaries
 Massive volumes of data
 Increased regulatory requirements (Sarbanes-Oxley)
 Disparate data sources
 Geographic Information Systems
 GIS provides solutions to data integration, visualization, data
management, systems integration
What is GIS Data
“Pipeline GIS data management represents a set of
technologies, organization and processes that revolve
around creating and managing geographic-style
mapping data for the purposes of supporting the
business objectives of a pipeline operating company.”

 Technology  hardware & software systems

 Organization  people and business
 Processes  requirements and work flow
 Objectives and organization structure of the
 People, departments, hierarchy
 Business requirements – financial, regulatory, operational
 Used to define the requirements of the GIS
 What should the system be and what data should it hold?
 Who should it serve?
 Why should it be built?
 How should it integrate with the existing business?
 When should it happen?
 Daily processes?
 How is the data collected and maintained?
 Why is the data required?
 Who is collecting and maintaining the data?
 When is the data required?
 Where is the data stored? (Data Models, Databases)
 Tangible business benefits?
 What applications are required by the business?
 What applications must utilize the data?
 What results is the data going to provide?
 Secure and transactional multi-user editing
 Integrated geographic features
 Archiving, auditing, and retrieval
 Real-time access to the latest information
 Data structure and data models
 Enabling technologies
Multi-User Editing
 Data creation and maintenance costs money

 GIS data management system support …

 Data that is secured yet accessible to many different kinds of
 Security involves …
 Distinct transactions
 Defined user permissions and roles
 Features/Rows are managed as ‘objects’
 Single data store for both geometry and attributes
Integrated Features
 GIS data management systems support …
 Features are managed as a single object
 Geometry and attributes describe the feature
 Located in a single table structure not in disparate tables
or systems
 Creation, retrieval, update and deletion of feature occurs
in single operation
 Features are presented in different views
 Map view
 Attribute view
 Behavioral view
 GIS data management systems support …
 Data storage for …
 Retrieval for regulatory audits
 Retrieval for annual regulatory reporting
 Retrieval for integrity management planning
 Data management system preserves …
 History of the pipeline both location and state
 Events and activities that influence a feature
 Changes in the state, structure and operational status
Access and Integration
 GIS Data management system supports …
 Access to the data using a variety of industry standard tools
 A variety of users with a variety of skill levels
 Ad hoc and pre-defined queries
 Provides easy access to the latest data
 Provides an architecture …
 That incorporates industry standard technologies
 For integration with other systems
 That is open and flexible that can be easily expanded
 That is not proprietary or closed
Data Structure-Models
 GIS data management systems support …
 Absolute positioning of spatial features
 Relative position of spatial features (Linear Referencing)
 Storage and location of features using both positioning
 Utilization of industry standard pipeline data models
 Documentation of the structure, content and behavior of
these data models
Enabling Technologies
 GIS data management systems support …
 And integrate with enabling technologies such as …
 Hand-held field collection devices,
 Wireless devices,
 Database replication,
 Remote data access,
 Integrity management systems,
 Cathodic protection systems,
 Document management systems,
 Engineering design systems,
 Right-of-way management systems,
 Client information management systems,
 Network flow analysis systems,
 Real-time monitoring systems (SCADA)
 Other systems by provide technology hooks used for integration
Why is GIS Data
Management Important?
 Exponential increases in the amount of data
collected and required by a pipeline operation
 Rising maintenance and integration costs
 Increased regulatory requirements
 Increased user demands for information

“If a picture is worth a thousand words, a map is worth a million”

The Benefits of GIS
Data Management
 Easy access to data by any kind of user
 Re-combination of data to provide more or
better data
 Integration of seemingly disparate data into a
unified data model/structure
 Create automated processes for spatial
analysis and improve business processes
 Integration of disparate systems with the GIS
to provide … (start at the top of this slide)
 GIS data management system can form an
integral part of the enterprise
 Implementing such systems requires careful
planning that involves understanding the
Technological, Organizational and Procedural
requirements of the system
 Provides meaningful access to GIS data for
all users in the enterprise
 Increases productivity and capability