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KUNCI DETERMINASI PORIFERA DAN

CNIDARIA/COELENTRATA

D
I
S
U
S
U
N

OLEH:

KELOMPOK V:
1.__________________________________AINI
FITRI
2.__________________________________EUNIK
E SIHOMBING
3.__________________________________RANG
GA ADINATA
4.__________________________________REHLI
TNA FRANSISKA

BIOLOGI NONDIK C 2019


1.______________________________________Kunci
Determinasi Filum Porifera

Berikut merupakan jabaran kunci determinasi


Filum Porifera

1.________________________________________Habit
at
a.Khusus (Laut)________________________(2b)
b.Luas (Laut dan tawar)________________(2a)
2.________________________________________Serab
ut spongin
a.______________________________________Ada
______________________________________(3b)
b.______________________________________Tidak
ada __________________________________(3a)
3.________________________________________Simet
ri tubuh
a.Radial _______________________________(4a)
b.Irreguler______________________________(4b)
4.________________________________________Bahan
pembentuk spikula
a.Khusus ______________________________(5)
b.Campuran
________________________________
Demospongiae
5.________________________________________Ukura
n tubuh
a.<10cm ______________________________(6a)
b.>10cm_______________________________(6b)
6.________________________________________Pelapi
s tubuh
a.Pinakoderm__________________________(7b)
b.Synsytium ___________________________(7a)
7.________________________________________Warna
tubuh
a.______________________________________Pucat
______________________________________(8b)
b.______________________________________Bervari
asi____________________________________(8a)
8.________________________________________Bentu
k spikula
a.______________________________________Bervari
asi ___________________________________(9a)
b.______________________________________Triaxo
n atau kelipatannya__________________(9b)
9.________________________________________Kedal
aman Laut
a.______________________________________Dangk
al ____________________________________(10a)
b.______________________________________Dalam
______________________________________(10b)
10.Larva
a.____________________________________Amphibla
stula_______________________________Calcarea
b._________________________________Parenchym
ula
__________________________________
Hexactinellida

Kelas Calcarea : 1a,2b,3a,4a,5,6a,7b,8a,9a,10a


Kelas Hexactinellida
:11a,2b,3a,4a,5,6b,7a,8b,9b,10b
Kelas Demospongia :1b,2a,3b,4b
Kunci Determinasi Perbedaan Kelas
Calcarea

Berikut merupakan jabaran kunci determinasi


sub kelas Calcarea:

1.________________________________________Bentu
k spikula
a.Regular _______________________________(2b)
b.Sagittal_______________________________(2a)
2.________________________________________Letak
Nukleus
a._______________________________________Apikal
_______________________________________ (3b)
b.______________________________________Basal
(3a)
3.________________________________________Larva
a._______________________________________Ceolob
lastula ________________________________(4a)
b.______________________________________Amphi
blastula_______________________________ (4b)
4.________________________________________Blasto
sol sel
a.____________________________________Ada
____________________________________Calcinea
b.__________________________________Tidak ada
__________________________________Calcaronea

Sub-kelas Calcinea: 1a,2b,3a,4a


Sub-kelas Calcaronea: 1b,2a,3b,4b

Kunci Determinasi Perbedaan Sub-kelas


Calcinea

1.______________________________________Strukt
ur tubuh
a.Kompleks___________________________(2b)
b.____________________________________Sederh
ana_________________________________(2a)
2.______________________________________Letak
koanosit
a.Dalam spongosol___________________(3)
b._________________________________Tidak
dilengkapi
_________________________________
Leucettida
3.______________________________________Strukt
ur kerangka
a.Kuat________________________________(4a)
b.____________________________________Sangat
kuat________________________________(4b)
4.______________________________________Kelenj
ar kulit
a.Ada____________________________Clathrinida
b.________________________________Tidak
________________________________
Murrayonida

Ordo Leucettida:1a,2b
Ordo Clathrinida: 1b,2a,3,4a
Ordo Mrrayonida: 1b,2a,3,4b
Kunci Determinasi Perbedaan Sub-kelas
Calcaronea

1.____________________________________Spikul
a
a.Memiliki__________________________(2)
b.Tdak memiliki
____________________________
Leucosolonida
2.____________________________________Keran
gka
a.Microdiactines ________________Baerida
b.__________________________________Selain
Microdiactines____________________(3)
3.____________________________________Tipe
Saluran
a.Leukonoid_____________________Lithonida
b._______________________________Askonoid
atau syconoid_________________Sycethida

Ordo Leucosolenida:1b
Ordo Baerida: 1a,2a
Ordo Lithonida: 1a,2b,3a
Ordo Sycethida:1a,2a,3a
2.______________________________________Kunci
Determinasi Filum Cnidaria

Berikut merupakan jabaran kunci identifikasi Kelas


Hydrozoa, Schypozoa, Anthozoa dan Cubozoa:

10._____________________________________________Habitat
c. Perairan khusus (air laut)_______________________(2b)
d. Perairan luas (air laut dan air tawar)______________(2a)
11._____________________________________________Fase
Hidup
a. Polip_______________________________________(3a)
b. Polip dan Medusa_____________________________(3b)
12._____________________________________________Cara
Hidup
c. Sesil_______________________________________(4b)
d. Sesil&Bebas_________________________________(4a)
13.____________________________________________Sifat
Hidup
c. Soliter______________________________________(5b)
d. Soliter&Koloni_______________________________(5a)
14.____________________________________________Bentuk
Tubuh
a. Silindris ___________________________________(6b)
b. Silindris dan magkok__________________________(6a)
15.____________________________________________Jumlah
Tentakel
a. Antara 6-10_______________________________(7a)
b. Lebih dari 10______________________________(7b)
16.____________________________________________Metag
enesis
a. Seksual&Aseksual________________________________
______ (8b)
b. Aseksual_____________________________________ (8a)
17._____________________________________Tekstur
Tubuh
a. Lunak_______________________________________(9a)
b. Keras________________________________________(9b)

18._____________________________________Ukuran
Tubuh
a. Lebih dari 50 mm___________________________(10b)
b. Kurang dari 50 mm_________________________(10a)
19._____________________________________Epidermis
a. Kutikula____________________________________(11a)
b. Tidak ada___________________________________(11b)
20._____________________________________Sistem Indra
a. Tidak ada___________________________________(12b)
b. Ada_________________________________________(12a)
21._____________________________________Sistem
Pencernaan
a. Ekstraseluler________________________________(13a)
b. Intraseluler_________________________________(13b)
22._____________________________________Sistem Saraf
Pusat
a. Terpusat____________________________________(14)
b. Menyebar
_____________________________________
______Hydrozoa
23._____________________________________Ganglion
a. Kurang dari 8_______________________________(15)
b. 8
_____________________________________
_____Schypozoa
24._____________________________________Ganglion
kurang dari 8
a. Kurang dari 2
_____________________________________
______Anthozoa
b. 2_________________________________________
Cubozoa

Hydrozoa : 1b, 2a, 3b, 4a, 5b, 6a, 7a, 8b, 9b,
10a, 11a, 12b, 13b.
Schypozoa : 1a, 2b, 3b, 4a, 5b, 6a, 7a., 8a, 9a,
10b, 11b, 12a, 13a, 14b.
Anthozoa : 1a, 2b, 3a, 4b, 5a, 6b, 7b, 8a, 9a,
10b, 11b, 12a, 13a, 14a, 15a.
Cubozoa : 1a, 2b, 3a, 4b, 5a, 6b, 7b, 8a, 9a,
10b, 11b, 12a, 13a, 14a, 15b

Berikut merupakan jabaran kunci identifikasi Kelas


Hydrozoa:
1.Habitat
a.Air Laut_____________________________(2a)
b.Air Tawar____________________________(2b)
2. Polip
a.Terapung___________________________Physaliales
b.Menempel pada substrat____________(3)
3.Substrat
a.Karang_______________________________Obeliales
b.Tumbuhan air________________________Hydrales

Hydrales : 1b, 2b, 3b.


Obeliales : 1b, 2b, 3a.
Physaliales : 1a, 2a.

Berikut merupakan jabaran kunci identifikasi Kelas


Scyphozoa:

1.Medusa
a. Payung
________________________________________(2)
b. Kotak
______________________________________
Cubomedusae
2.Payung medusa
a. Membulat______________________________________(3
)
b. Mahkota_____________________________Coronatae
3.Mulut
a. Bagian oral
_______________________________________
Rhizostomae
b. Pusat____________________________________________(
4)
4. Mulut Pusat
a. Mulut Biasa__________________________
Stauromedusae
b. Mulut Bendera
______________________________________
Semaestomae

Cubomedusae : 1b
Coronatae : 1a, 2b
Stauromedusae________________________________: 1a, 2a,
3b, 4a.
Rhizostomae : 1a, 2a, 3a.
Semaeostomae________________________________: 1a, 2a,
3b, 4b.
Berikut merupakan jabaran kunci identifikasi Kelas
Anthozoa:

1.Tekstur Tubuh
a. Lunak__________________________________Actiniaria
b. Keras__________________________________(2)
2.Bahan spikula
a.Kalsium karbonat
___________________________________
____Madreporaria
b.Keratin
___________________________________
____Anthipatharia
Actinaria : 1a
Anthipatharia : 1b, 2b
Madreporaria : 1b, 2a
Berikut merupakan jabaran kunci indentifikasi Kelas
Cubozoa:

1.Panjang Medusa
a. Kurang dari 5 cm______________________(2a)
b. 5-20 cm______________________________(2b)
2.Jumlah Tentakel
a. Satu_______________________________Carybdeida
b. Lebih dari satu____________________Chirodropida
Chirodropida : 1a, 2a.
Carybdeida : 1b, 2b.

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