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6.

The NMOS Family of Logic Circuits

6.1 NMOS Inverter with a Resistive Load

6.2 NMOS Inverter with Enhancement Load

6.3 NMOS Inverter with Depletion Load

6.4 Some Popular NMOS Digital Logic Circuit

Text Book: D.A. Neamen, Electronic Circuits Analysis And Design, 2nd ed. Chapter 16.

- Dr. Surendra Shrestha


Department of Electronics and Computer Engineering
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1
NMOS Inverter:

- In the late 70s as the era of LSI and VLSI began,


NMOS became the fabrication technology of choice.

- Later the design flexibility and other advantages of


the CMOS were realized, CMOS technology then
replaced NMOS at all level of integration.

- The small transistor size and low power dissipation of


CMOS circuits, demonstration principal advantages
of CMOS over NMOS circuits.

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NMOS Inverter: … …

- For any IC technology used in digital circuit


design, the basic circuit element is the logic
inverter.

- Once the operation and characterization of an


inverter circuits are thoroughly understood,
the results can be extended to the design of
the logic gates and other more complex
circuits.

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n-channel MOSFET: … …

Simplified view

Detail cross-sectional view

The channel length is the same for all transistor, while channel width is variable

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p-channel MOSFET :

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n-channel MOSFET: … …

Simplified circuits symbols substrate or body terminal;


for n-channel MOSFETs Circuit symbol

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n-channel MOSFET: … …

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n-channel MOSFET Formulas: … …

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NMOS Inverter :

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NMOS Inverter with resister load: … …

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NMOS Inverter with resister load: … …

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NMOS Inverter with resister load: … …

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NMOS Inverter with resister load: … …

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NMOS Inverter with resister load: … …

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NMOS Inverter with resister load: … …

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Numerical Example:

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n-channel MOSFET connected as saturated load device:

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NMOS Inverter with Enhancement load:

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NMOS Inverter with Enhancement load: …

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NMOS Inverter with Enhancement load: …

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NMOS Inverter with Enhancement load: …

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NMOS Inverter with Enhancement load: …

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NMOS Inverter with Enhancement load: …

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NMOS Inverter with Enhancement load: …

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NMOS Inverter with Resister load: …

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NMOS Inverter with Enhancement load: …

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Numerical problems:

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Numerical problems:

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Numerical problems:

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Numerical problems:

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Numerical problems:

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Summary of Transistor operation :

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NMOS Inverter with Depletion Mode:

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n-Channel Depletion Mode MOSFET:

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NMOS Inverter with Depletion Mode: … …

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NMOS Inverter with Depletion Mode: … …

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NMOS Inverter with Depletion Mode: … …

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NMOS Inverter with Depletion Mode: … …

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NMOS Inverter with Depletion Mode: … …

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NMOS Inverter with Depletion Mode: … …

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NMOS Inverter with Depletion Mode: … …

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NMOS Inverter with Depletion Mode: … …

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Tutorial:

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NMOS Logic Circuits:

NMOS logic circuit are constructed


by connecting driver transistor in
parallel, series or series-parallel
combinations to produce required
output logic function

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NMOS NOR Gate:

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NMOS NOR Gate: … …

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NMOS NOR Gate: … …

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Tutorial:

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NMOS NAND Gate:

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NMOS Logic Circuit :

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Fan-In & Fan-Out:

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Transient Analysis of NMOS Inverters:

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Transient Analysis of NMOS Inverters:

Switching characteristics of an NMOS inverter with depletion load

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