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ACTRAV

Bureau
for Workers’
Activities

TU UAN
PEMBANGUNAN
Pembangunan Berkelanjutan
BERKELANJUTAN
Referensi Manual
Serikat Pekerja untuk
Agenda Pembangunan
Berkelanjutan 2030
Sustainable
TU UANGoals
Development
PEMBANGUNAN
Pembangunan Berkelanjutan
BERKELANJUTAN
Trade Union
Reference Manual
Referensi Manualon the
2030Pekerja
Serikat Agendauntuk
for
Sustainable Development
Agenda Pembangunan
Berkelanjutan 2030
Copyright © Organisasi Perburuhan Internasional 2018

Publikasi-publikasi Kantor Perburuhan Internasional memperoleh hak cipta yang dilindung oleh Protokol 2 Konvensi Hak Cipta
Universal. Meskipun demikian, kutipan-kutipan singkat dari publikasi tersebut dapat diproduksi ulang tanpa izin, selama terdapat
keterangan mengenai sumbernya. Permohonan mengenai hak reproduksi atau penerjemahan dapat diajukan ke ILO Publications
(Rights and Permissions), Kantor Perburuhan Internasional, CH-1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland, or by email: rights@ilo.org Kantor
Perburuhan Internasional menyambut baik permohonan-permohonan seperti itu.
Perpustakaan, lembaga dan pengguna lain yang terdaftar dapat membuat fotokopi sejalan dengan lisensi yang diberikan kepada
mereka untuk tujuan ini. Kunjungi www.ifrro.org untuk mengetahui organisasi pemegang lisensi di negara Anda.

ISBN 978-92-2-830927-0 (print)


978-92-2-830928-7 (web pdf)

Tujuan Pembangunan Millenium; Referensi Manual Serikat Pekerja pada Agenda untuk Pembangunan Berkelanjutan 2030/
Organisasi Perburuhan Internasional, Kantor Jakarta; ILO, 2018

xiv; 104 p.

Juga tersedia dalam Bahasa Inggris: Sustainable Development Goals: Trade Union Reference Manual on the 2030 Agenda for
Sustainable Development; ISBN: 978-92-9049-798-1/Kantor Perburuhan Internasional - Jakarta: ILO, 2017

ILO Katalog dalam terbitan

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lebih lanjut, silakan hubungi kami di jakarta@ilo.org.

Dicetak di Indonesia

ii
Pengantar

Dengan berakhirnya Panduan ini berupaya membantu para


Tujuan Pembangunan pemimpin, anggota dan simpatisan serikat
Millenium (Millenium pekerja dalam keterlibatan mereka dalam
Development strategi nasional pembangunan berkelanjutan.
Goals), Kantor ILO Panduan ini bukanlah panduan yang
untuk Kegiatan memberikan pendekatan tunggal yang akan
Pekerja (ACTRAV) cocok untuk semua yang terlibat dalam Agenda
secara aktif terlibat 2030. Namun panduan ini memaparkan
dalam perundingan Agenda 2030 dalam komponen yang berbeda
mengenai agenda dan menguraikan serangkaian sasaran-
pembangunan Pasca sasaran prioritas serta indikator yang dapat
2015. Tujuan utama dipertimbangkan serikat pekerja sesuai situasi
kami adalah membantu pemerintah mengadopsi mereka di dalam negeri. Panduan ini juga
pekerjaan yang layak sebagai salah satu tujuan merupakan panduan yang mengidentifikasi
agenda pembangunan 2015. Tujuan ini tercapai peluang dan tantangan yang dihadapi serikat
ketika Negara-negara Anggota PBB mengadopsi pekerja dalam keterlibatan mereka pada
Agenda Pembangunan Berkelanjutan 2030 ekonomi nasional dan pembuatan kebijakan
pada September 2015, di mana Tujuan sosial serta menarik pelajaran dari keterlibatan
8 dikhususkan untuk “meningkatkan serikat pekerja pada proses serupa di masa
pertumbuhan ekonomi yang inklusif dan lampau. Singkatnya, panduan ini menjadi
berkelanjutan, kesempatan kerja yang produktif sumber rujukan serikat pekerja pada hal-hal
dan menyeluruh, serta pekerjaan yang layak yang berkaitan dengan Agenda 2030 dan juga
untuk semua”. menjadi sumber gagasan pada bidang-bidang
di mana serikat pekerja dapat terlibat pada
Agenda 2030 secara mendasar berupaya Agenda 2030.
mencapai perubahan dalam pembangunan
menuju pembangunan yang menghapuskan Karena Agenda 2030 merupakan kerangka
kemiskinan ekstrim dan berkelanjutan, inklusif kerja pembangunan 15 tahunan, menjadi
dan berdasarkan pada hak. Agenda ini berupaya harapan saya bahwa panduan ini bisa menjadi
memastikan perubahan transformatif baik di alat yang berguna bagi serikat pekerja pada
negara berkembang dan maju. Yang terpenting kurun waktu tersebut. ACTRAV berkomitmen
melalui tindak lanjut dan tinjauan komponen untuk memberikan dukungan kepada serikat
Agenda 2030, negara-negara diminta untuk pekerja yang terlibat dalam kegiatan tersebut.
mengembangkan strategi pembangunan Kami mengundang serikat pekerja di berbagai
berkelanjutan di tingkat nasional, melalui negara untuk menghubungi spesialis ACTRAV
proses partisipatif dengan masyarakat sipil terdekat bila membutuhkan bantuan dari ILO.
termasuk serikat pekerja. Agenda 2030 Penghargaan tertinggi juga saya berikan pada
menawarkan kepada serikat pekerja sebuah rekan-rekan di ACTRAV yang terlibat dalam
wadah untuk terlibat dalam perancangan, pembuatan panduan yang penting ini.
pelaksanaan, pemantauan dan evaluasi strategi
pembangunan berkelanjutan di tingkat nasional. Maria Helena Andre
Direktur, ACTRAV

iii
Daftar Isi

Pengantar iii

Daftar Isi iv

Menggunakan Panduan SDG ini vi

Pengantar pada Agenda Pembangunan Berkelanjutan 2030 vii

Tujuan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan xiii

Tujuan 1 Mengakhiri Kemiskinan dalam Segala Bentuk Dimanapun 1

Tujuan 2 Menghilangkan Kelaparan, Mencapai Ketahanan Pangan


dan Gizi yang Baik, serta Meningkatkan Pertanian
Berkelanjutan 7

Tujuan 3 Menjamin Kehidupan yang Sehat dan Meningkatkan


Kesejahteraan Seluruh Penduduk Semua Usia 13

Tujuan 4 Menjamin Kualitas Pendidikan yang Inklusif dan Merata


serta Meningkatkan Kesempatan Belajar Sepanjang Hayat
untuk Semua 21

Tujuan 5 Mencapai Kesetaraan Gender dan Memberdayakan


Kaum Perempuan 27

Tujuan 6 Menjamin Ketersediaan serta Pengelolaan Air Bersih dan


Sanitasi yang Berkelanjutan untuk Semua 33

Tujuan 7 Menjamin Akses Energi yang Terjangkau, Andal,


Berkelanjutan dan Moderen untuk Semua 37

Tujuan 8 Meningkatkan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi yang Inklusif dan Berkelanjutan,


Kesempatan Kerja yang Produktif dan Menyeluruh, serta Pekerjaan
yang Layak untuk Semua 41

Tujuan 9 Membangun Infrastruktur yang Tangguh, Meningkatkan


Industri Inklusif dan Berkelanjutan, serta Mendorong Inovasi 51

Tujuan 10 Mengurangi Kesenjangan Intra dan Antar Negara 55

Tujuan 11 Menjadikan Kota dan Permukiman Inklusif, Aman, Tangguh


dan Berkelanjutan 61

iv
Tujuan 12 Menjamin Pola Produksi dan Konsumsi yang Berkelanjutan 65

Tujuan 13 Mengambil Tindakan Cepat Untuk Mengatasi Perubahan Iklim


dan Dampaknya 71

Tujuan 14 Melestarikan dan Memanfaatkan Secara Berkelanjutan Sumber Daya


Kelautan dan Samudera untuk Pembangunan Berkelanjutan 77

Tujuan 15 Melindungi, Merestorasi dan Meningkatkan Pemanfaatan Berkelanjutan


Ekosistem Daratan, Mengelola Hutan Secara Lestari, Menghentikan
Penggurunan, Memulihkan Degradasi Lahan, serta Menghentikan
Kehilangan Keanekaragaman Hayati 81

Tujuan 16 Menguatkan Masyarakat yang Inklusif dan Damai untuk Pembangunan


Berkelanjutan, Menyediakan Akses Keadilan untuk Semua dan
Membangun Kelembagaan yang Efektif, Akuntabel dan Inklusif
di Semua Tingkatan 85

Tujuan 17 Menguatkan Sarana Pelaksanaan dan Merevitalisasi


Kemitraan Global untuk Pembangunan Berkelanjutan 93

Menuju Partisipasi Serikat Pekerja dalam Tujuan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan Nasional 97

Pelajaran yang Dipetik dari Pelibatan Serikat Pekerja dalam Kerangka Pembangunan Nasional 101

v
Using the reference manual on SDGs
Menggunakan Panduan SDG inimanual presents the 17 SDGs in detail.
This reference manual is a tool to
introduce the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable The presentation of each goal is followed
Development
Panduan to trade alat
ini merupakan unions. It aims
untuk by
dana ketika
brief introduction of some tonggak
data ada, beberapa key issues penting
particularly, at providing
memperkenalkan Agenda Pembangunan trade unionists concerning the goal, and where
pencapaian yang berkaitan dengan sasarandata exists,
Berkelanjutan 2030 kepada serikatdevelopment
engaged in national sustainable pekerja. some benchmarks
ditentukan. in achievement
Kemudian diikuti dengan linked to yang
tabel
processes,
Secara khusus, with a detailed
panduan understanding
ini bertujuan some of the targets under the goal.
menguraikan daftar target prioritas di mana This is
of the 2030
memberikan Agenda,serikat
pengurus and the opportunities
pekerja followed by a table
serikat pekerja whichakan
mungkin presents a list of
memberikan
the goals, targets and indicators
pemahaman yang rinci mengenai Agenda provide to the priority targets that trade unions
perhatian penuh, bersama dengan indikator may
advance trade union objectives.
2030 dan keterlibatan mereka pada proses wish to pay particular attention to,
untuk mengukur kemajuan. Akhirnya, karena together
pembangunan berkelanjutan di tingkat with their indicators
kita sangat to measure
menitikberatkan padaprogress.
pentingnya
You aretermasuk
nasional, therefore peluang,
invited tosasaran,
go through the
tujuan Finally, as we place a lot of importance
pendekatan berbasis hak pada pembangunan, on
different components of the 2030
dan indikator untuk memajukan serikat pekerja. Agenda the rights-based approach to development,
dalam bagian ini terdapat daftar beberapa
and the list of 17 Sustainable Development one has under
instrumen darithis
ILOsection a listhak
atau badan of some
asasi
Goals (SDGs).
Karenanya Note that
Anda diminta eachmembaca
untuk Goal is linked instruments from the ILO or the
manusia (HAM) yang relevan dengan tujuan body of itu.
to a setkomponen
berbagai of TargetsAgenda
and Indicators.
2030 dan Trade
daftar human rights
Kita harus that are relevant
menekankan bahwatosasaran
the goal.prioritas
unions are invited to pay
17 Tujuan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan. particular attention One must stress that the proposed priority
sifatnya hanya indikatif. Masing-masing serikat
to Goal 8 which
Masing-masing seeks
tujuan to “Promote
memiliki sustained,
serangkaian targets are only indicative in nature. Each
di tingkat nasional harus menentukan apa saja
inclusive and sustainable economic
target dan indikator. Serikat pekerja diminta growth, national trade union must determine for itself
tujuan, target dan indikator prioritasnya, dengan
full memperhatikan
untuk and productive employment and decent
Tujuan 8, “Meningkatkan what the priority goals, targets and indicators
mempertimbangkan tantangan yang dihadapi
work for all” as this goal
pertumbuhan ekonomi yang inklusif dan deals with matters should be, taking into consideration the
oleh negara-negara tersebut. Target ini harus
of labour and decent work. However,
berkelanjutan, kesempatan kerja yang produktif given specific challenges being faced in their
dipertimbangkan sebagai langkah awal untuk
the fact that Decent Work is
dan menyeluruh, serta pekerjaan yang layak mainstreamed country. These Targets must be considered as
memajukan posisi serikat pekerja dan strategi
throughout
untuk semua”,the SDGs,
karena it is also
tujuan important
ini erat for
kaitannya entry-points to advance trade union positions
advokasi.
readers to consider other SDG
dengan masalah ketenagakerjaan dan pekerjaan Targets outside and advocacy strategies.
Goal 8, that are equally relevant to Decent
yang layak. Namun karena pekerjaan yang layak Setelah kita memahami Agenda 2030, menilai
Work. After understanding the 2030 Agenda and
telah diarusutamakan ke dalam SDG, penting bagian-bagian yang relevan, bagian ketiga
assessing its relevant parts, the third section
bagi pembaca untuk juga mempertimbangkan adalah mengenai aksi serikat pekerja. Masing-
The reference manual is divided into three is about trade union action. Each trade union
target SDG lain, selain dari Tujuan 8, yang masing serikat pekerja harus mengembangkan
main sections. The first section is about must develop its own SDG strategic plan.
relevan dengan pekerjaan yang layak. rencana strategis SDG-nya sendiri. Dalam
understanding the 2030 Agenda and its In developing this plan, this section provides
mengembangkan rencana ini, bagian ini
different
Panduan inicomponents.
dibagi menjadi Reading this section
tiga bagian. Bagian an interactive menu to assist trade unions
memberikan menu interaktif untuk membantu
is necessary in order to
pertama adalah memahami Agenda 2030 understand the dan assess the opportunities and challenges they
serikat pekerja dalam menilai peluang dan
origins,komponennya
berbagai components and yanggoals underMembaca
berbeda. the may face in engaging in the SDG process at
tantangan yang dapat mereka hadapi dalam
2030 Agenda.
bab ini penting agar dapat memahami asal national level. The menu of issues also helps
melibatkan diri dalam proses SDG di tingkat
trade unions refine their strategic plan based
muasal, komponen dan tujuan Agenda 2030. nasional. Berbagai isu yang dikumpulkan juga
The second section helps to assess what in on lessons learnt from past experiences of
the SDGs membantu
union serikat pekerja
in dalam memperbaiki
Bagian keduaismembantu
most relevant for trade
menilai SDGunions
mana trade
rencana
engagement
strategis mereka
national
berdasarkan
socio-
pada
or for the national situations. The reference
yang paling relevan untuk serikat pekerja economic policy-making.
pelajaran pengalaman keterlibatan SP pada
atau untuk situasi nasional. Panduan ini pembuatan kebijakan sosio-ekonomi di tingkat
menguraikan secara rinci 17 SDG. Masing- nasional.
masing tujuan diuraikan dengan diawali
memberikan pengantar mengenai beberapa
isu utama yang menyangkut tujuan tersebut,

vi
vi
Using the reference manual on SDGs
Pengantar pada Agenda Pembangunan
This reference manual is a tool to
Berkelanjutan 2030
manual presents the 17 SDGs in detail.
introduce the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable The presentation of each goal is followed
Development
Pada 25 Septemberto trade
2015,unions.
kepalaIt negara
aims by a brief
tujuan introduction berkelanjutan
pembangunan of some key issues berdasarkan
particularly, at providing trade
dan pemerintah dari 193 negara pada unionists concerning the goal, and where
Agenda 21 dan Rencana Pelaksanaan data exists,
engaged
Sidang Umumin national sustainable
PBB mengadopsi development
kesepakatan some
Johannesburg, yang sangat menghormati to
benchmarks in achievement linked semua
processes, with a detailed
pembangunan global baru berjudul understanding some of the targets
Prinsip-prinsip Rio,under
dengan themempertimbangkan
goal. This is
of the 2030
“Mengubah Agenda,
Dunia and the Pembangunan
Kita: Agenda opportunities followed
berbagaiby a tablekapasitas
kondisi, which presents a list of
dan prioritas
the goals, targets and indicators
Berkelanjutan 2030” , yang mulai berlaku
1 provide pada
to the priority targets that trade
nasional yang berbeda, sesuai dengan unions mayhukum
advance trade
1 Januari 2016. union objectives. wish to pay particular attention
internasional, mengembangkan komitmen to, together
with
yangtheir
sudahindicators
dibuat danto measure progress.
berkontribusi pada
You are therefore invited to go through the Finally, as we place a lot of importance
pelaksanaan hasil kesepakatan pertemuan- on
different components of the 2030 Agenda the rights-based approach to development,
pertemuan utama pada bidang ekonomi, sosial
andMuasal
Asal the list ofAgenda
17 Sustainable
2030Development one
dan has under this
lingkungan, section adokumen
termasuk list of some
hasil ini.
Goals (SDGs). Note that each Goal is linked instruments from the ILO or the
Semua tujuan tersebut harus memasukkan body of
to muasal
Asal a set ofdariTargets and Indicators.
kerangka pembangunan Tradeglobal human rights that
ketiga dimensi are relevant berkelanjutan
pembangunan to the goal.
unions are invited to pay particular
baru ini dapat ditemukan dalam dua proses attention One must stress that the proposed priority
dan keterkaitannya dengan seimbang.
to Goal 8 which seeks to “Promote
global yang saling melengkapi satu sama lain. sustained, targets are only indicative in nature. Each
Semua harus sesuai dan dimasukkan dalam
inclusive
Yang pertama, andDeklarasi
sustainable economic
Pertemuan growth, 2
Millenium national trade union must determine for itself
agenda pembangunan PBB setelah tahun
danfull and productive
Tujuan Pembangunan employment
Millenium and decent
(MDG) what the priority goals, targets and indicators
2015, sehingga akan berkontribusi pada
work for all” as this goal deals
dan yang kedua, konferensi PBB mengenai with matters should be, taking into consideration the
pencapaian pembangunan berkelanjutan dan
of labour and
lingkungan. Padadecent
2000,work. However, given
PBB mengadopsi specific challenges being faced in their
menjadi pendorong untuk pelaksanaan dan
the fact that Decent
MDG sebagai kerangka pembangunanWork is mainstreamed
untuk country. These Targets must be considered as
pengarusutamaan pembangunan berkelanjutan
throughout
sistem the SDGs,
internasional. it is also
Sebanyak important for
8 tujuan entry-points to advance trade union positions
pada sistem PBB secara keseluruhan (§ 246).
readersdan
diadopsi to consider
tahun 2015 other SDG Targets
menjadi tonggakoutside and advocacy strategies.
Goal 8, that are equally relevant
pencapaian tujuan-tujuan tersebut. Pendekatan to Decent
Atas dasar konvergensi Pasca MDG dan proses
Work. After understanding the 2030 Agenda and
ini membutuhkan kerangka pasca 2015 untuk Pasca Rio+20, perundingan mengenai agenda
assessing its relevant parts, the third section
menggantikan MDG. pembangunan pasca 2015 menghasilkan
The reference manual is divided into three is about trade union action. Each trade union
diadopsinya Agenda Pembangunan
maindengan
Seiring sections. The first
proses section is about
ini, Konferensi PBB must develop its own SDG strategic plan.
Berkelanjutan 2030.
understanding the 2030
mengenai Pembangunan Berkelanjutan Agenda and its In developing this plan, this section provides
different
(Rio+20) yangcomponents.
dikembangkan Reading this section
berdasarkan an interactive menu to assist trade unions
konferensi-konferensi PBB sebelumnyathe
is necessary in order to understand assess the opportunities and challenges they
origins, lingkungan,
componentsmenyatakan
and goals under the may face in engaging in the SDG process at
mengenai
2030 Agenda.
dalam Sifat Agenda 2030
national level. The menu of issues also helps
Dokumen Hasil3 bahwa “Kami menyadari
bahwa tujuan pembangunan juga bisa trade unions
Kerangka SDG refine their strategic
melampaui plan based
MDG. Selain dari
The second section helps to assess what in on lessons learnt from past experiences of
digunakan dalam mencapai aksi pembangunan tujuan-tujuan pembangunan dasar seperti
the SDGs is most relevant for trade unions trade union engagement in national socio-
berkelanjutan yang terpusat dan koheren. Kami mengakhiri kemiskinan dan kelaparan, SDG
or for the national situations. The reference economic policy-making.
juga mengakui peran penting dan kegunaan juga mengatur berbagai tujuan ekonomi,
sosial dan lingkungan dalam pendekatan yang
terintegrasi berdasarkan hak asasi manusia.
1 Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for
Sustainable Development, September 2015: http://
Tujuan dan sasaran agenda 2030 terintegrasi
www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/ dan tak terpisahkan, bersifat global dan dapat
RES/70/&Lang=E diterapkan secara universal bagi seluruh negara,
2 Millenium Summit of the United Nations, New York, berkembang maupun maju. Tujuan dan sasaran
6-8 September 2000: http://www.un.org/millenium/ ini menyeimbangkan tiga dimensi pembangunan
declaration/ares552e.htm berkelanjutan seperti ekonomi, sosial dan
3 United Nations Conference on Sustainable lingkungan. Mereka pun berkomitmen tak ada
Development (Rio+20): The Future We Want: seorang pun yang tertinggal.
https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/
N11/476/10/PDF/N1147610.pdf?OpenElement

vi
vii
Using the reference manual on SDGs
DEKLARASI TUJUAN PEMBANGUNAN
This reference manual is a tool to manual presents the 17 SDGs in detail.
BERKELANJUTAN
Visi, Kesejahteraan
introduce the 2030 Agenda dan for
Komitmen
Sustainable The presentation of each goal is followed
Bersama, Seruan Aksi
Development to trade unions. It aims untuk by a 17briefTujuan,
introduction of somedan
169 Target key Indikator
issues
particularly,Mengubah
at providingDunia
tradeKita
unionists concerning the goal, and where data exists,
engaged in national sustainable development some benchmarks in achievement linked to
processes, with a detailed understanding some of the targets under the goal. This is
TINDAK LANJUT DAN
of the 2030 Agenda, and the opportunities
PELAKSANAAN
followed by a table which presents a list of
the goals, targets TINJAUAN
and indicators provide to the priority targets that trade unions may
advance trade union objectives. wish to pay particular attention to, together
Di Tingkat Nasional, Regional dan Cara-cara pelaksanaan dan
with their indicators to measure progress.
Global kemitraan global
You are therefore invited to go through the Finally, as we place a lot of importance on
different components of the 2030 Agenda the rights-based approach to development,
and the list of 17 Sustainable Development one has under this section a list of some
Komponen-komponen
Goals (SDGs). Note that each UtamaGoal Agenda
is linked dari kemiskinan,
instruments from thekelaparan,
ILO or thepenyakit
body of
to a set of Targets and Indicators. Trade
2030 human rights that are relevant to mana
dan menginginkan kondisi di the goal.
unions are invited to pay particular attention Onesemua kehidupan
must stress dapat
that the bertahan.
proposed Kami
priority
to Goal
Agenda 8 which seeks
Pembangunan to “Promote 2030
Berkelanjutan sustained, menginginkan
targets dunia yang
are only indicative bebas dari
in nature. Eachrasa
inclusive and sustainable economic
terdiri dari 6 komponen utama yaitu sebuah growth, takut trade
national dan kekerasan.
union must(§determine
7) for itself
full and17
Deklarasi, productive employment
SDG, serangkaian 169and decent
Target what the priority goals, targets and indicators
• Kami menginginkan dunia yang menghargai
work for all” as this goal deals with
yang melekat pada setiap tujuan, serangkaian matters should be, taking into consideration the
HAM universal dan harga diri manusia,
of labour
indikator yangand decentpada
melekat work.setiap
However, given
target untuk specific challenges being faced in their
supremasi hukum, keadilan, kesetaraan dan
the fact that Decent Work
mengukur kemajuan pelaksanaannya, carais mainstreamed country. These Targets must be considered as
throughoutAgendathe SDGs, non-diskriminasi.
entry-points to advance (§8)
trade union positions
pelaksanaan dan itkomponen
is also important
Tinjauanfor
readers to
dan Tindak Lanjut.consider other SDG Targets outside and advocacy strategies.
• Kami menginginkan dunia di mana setiap
Goal 8, that are equally relevant to Decent negara menikmati pertumbuhan ekonomi
Work. After understanding
yang the dan
lestari, inklusif 2030 Agenda and serta
berkelanjutan
assessing its relevant
kerja layak parts, the
untuk semua. (§9)third section
The reference manual is divided into three
Deklarasi is about trade union action. Each trade union
main sections. The first section is about Deklarasi
must dibuat
develop berdasarkan
its own Agenda
SDG strategic baru
plan.
understanding
Dalam the 2030
Deklarasi, kepala Agenda
negara dan and its mengenai
In developing prinsip
this dan
plan,komitmen
this sectionbersama
provides
different components.
pemerintahan berkomitmen Reading
untuk this section
“mencapai berdasarkan
an interactivetujuan
menu dan prinsip-prinsip
to assist trade unions Piagam
is necessaryberkelanjutan
pembangunan in order to understand
dalam tiga the assess the opportunities
PBB, Deklarasi UniversalandHAM challenges they
dan perjanjian
origins, components
dimensi—ekonomi, anddan
sosial goals under the
lingkungan— may
HAMface in engagingDeklarasi
internasional, in the SDG processHasil
Milenium, at
2030 Agenda.
dengan cara yang seimbang dan terintegrasi” national
Konferensi level. The menu
Tingkat TinggiofDunia
issues also 2005,
tahun helps
dan untuk “...membangun pencapaian Tujuan trade unions
Deklarasi refine their
mengenai Hakstrategic plan based
atas Pembangunan
The second section
Pembangunan Mileniumhelps
danto assess what
berupaya untukin on
danlessons learnt
hasil dari fromkonferensi
semua past experiences of
dan pertemuan
the SDGs is most relevant for trade
menyelesaikan yang belum selesai.” (§2) unions trade
tingkatunion
tinggi engagement
PBB. (§10,in§11) national socio-
or for the national situations. The reference economic policy-making.
Dalam visi Deklarasi, diatur “...visi yang Dalam melaksanakan Agenda 2030, pemerintah
sangat ambisius dan transformasional. berjanji “tak ada seorang pun yang tertinggal”
Kami menginginkan dunia yang bebas dan pemerintah “akan berupaya menjangkau
dari kemiskinan, kelaparan, penyakit dan mereka yang terbelakang terlebih dahulu”.(§4).
menginginkan kondisi di mana semua
kehidupan bisa bertahan. Kami menginginkan
dunia yang bebas dari rasa takut dan
kekerasan” (§7). Visi ini termasuk:

• Kami menginginkan dunia yang bebas

vi
viii
17Using the reference
Tujuan Pembangunan manual on
Berkelanjutan SDGs
Indikator
This
Pada reference
Agenda 2030,manual is a tool“mengadopsi
pemerintah to manual presents
Tujuan-tujuan the 17 SDGsBerkelanjutan
Pembangunan in detail.
introduce the 2030 Agenda
keputusan historis mengenai tujuanfor Sustainable
dan target The presentation of each goal
yang di dalamnya terdapat sasaran is followed
diuraikan
Development to trade unions. It aims by a brief introduction of some key issues yang
universal dan transformatif yang menjangkau lebih lanjut melalui serangkaian indikator
particularly, at providing trade unionists concerning the goal, and where data exists,
semua pihak dan berpusat pada manusia” (§2). berfokus pada hasil yang terukur. Indikator ini
engaged in national sustainable development some benchmarks in achievement linked to
Tujuan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan merupakan merupakan indikator-indikator yang berorientasi
processes, with a detailed understanding some of the targets under the goal. This is
tujuan global utama dalam Agenda 2030. pada aksi, bersifat global dan dapat diterapkan
of the 2030 Agenda, and the opportunities followed by a table which presents a list of
secara universal. Indikator-indikator ini
the
Jadi goals,sekarang
antara targets and
dan indicators
2030, SDG provide
akan to the priority targets that trade unions may
memberikan alat untuk mengukur keberhasilan
advance trade union objectives.
berupaya untuk: “mengakhiri kemiskinan dan wish to pay particular attention to, together
dalam mencapai target dan karenanya akan
kelaparan di mana pun; melawan ketimpangan with their indicators to measure progress.
berkontribusi pada persiapan laporan kemajuan
You aredan
di dalam therefore invited
di antara negara;to go through the
membangun Finally, as we place a lot of importance on
tahunan mengenai SDG.
different components of the 2030 Agenda the rights-based approach to development,
masyarakat yang damai, adil dan inklusif;
and the list of 17 Sustainable Development one has under this section a list of some
melindungi HAM dan mendorong kesetaraan Pada beberapa kasus, satu indikator
Goals (SDGs). Note that each Goal is linked instruments from the ILO or the body of
gender serta pemberdayaan perempuan multitujuan dapat digunakan untuk mengukur
to a set of Targets and Indicators. Trade human rights that are relevant to the goal.
dan anak-anak perempuan; dan menjamin kemajuan target. Pada contoh lain di mana
unions are invited to pay particular attention One must stress that the proposed priority
perlindungan planet dan sumber daya target mencakup beberapa elemen, masing-
to Goal 8 which seeks to “Promote sustained, targets are only indicative in nature. Each
alamnya yang berkelanjutan... menciptakan masing target memiliki lebih dari satu usulan
inclusive and sustainable economic growth, national trade union must determine for itself
kondisi untuk pertumbuhan ekonomi yang indikator. Pada beberapa kasus, indikator yang
full and productive employment and decent what the priority goals, targets and indicators
berkelanjutan dan inklusif, kesejahteraan diusulkan tidak mencakup semua aspek target
work for all” as this goal deals with matters should be, taking into consideration the
bersama dan pekerjaan yang layak bagi semua, yang beragam dan juga untuk jangka panjang,
of labour and decent work. However, given specific challenges being faced in their
dengan mempertimbangkan berbagai tingkatan berbagai upaya telah dilakukan pada komunitas
the fact that Decent Work is mainstreamed country. These Targets must be considered as
pembangunan dan kemampuan nasional” statistik untuk mengembangkan indikator lain
throughout the SDGs, it is also important for entry-points to advance trade union positions
(§3). Daftartotujuan
readers secara
consider otherutuh
SDGdapat dibaca
Targets outside gunaadvocacy
and melengkapi indikator yang sudah ada atau
strategies.
di bawah
Goal 8,ini.
thatTujuh belas tujuan
are equally relevantini to
dipandang
Decent memperbaikinya. Artinya pada jangka panjang,
sebagai
Work.sesuatu yang terintegrasi, tak indikator
After dapat berubah
understanding seiringAgenda
the 2030 denganand
terpisahkan, dan menggambarkan tiga dimensi berkembangnya metodologi yang
assessing its relevant parts, the third disepakati
sectiondi
pembangunan
The reference berkelanjutan.
manual is divided into three tingkat
is aboutinternasional dan indikator-indikator
trade union action. Each trade union
main sections. The first section is about baru diadopsi untuk melengkapi
must develop its own SDG strategic indikator
plan.
understanding the 2030 Agenda and its yang sudah ada. Dengan mempertimbangkan
In developing this plan, this section provides
different components. Reading this section tujuan
an pentingmenu
interactive dari Agenda
to assist2030
trade adalah
unions tidak
169 Target
is necessary in order to understand the assess the opportunities and challengesupaya
ada seorang pun yang tertinggal, maka they
origins, dilakukan
face inuntuk memastikan indikator-indikator
Pada setiapcomponents and
tujuan global goals under
terdapat the
target- may engaging
itu didisagregasi
in the SDG process at
2030 Agenda.
target. Target ini merupakan target global, national level. Theberdasarkan pendapatan,
menu of issues also helps
trade unions refine their strategic planmigrasi,
jenis kelamin, usia, ras, etnis, status based
di mana setiap pemerintah negara mengatur disabilitas, lokasifrom
geografis dan karakteristik
The second section helps to assess what in on lessons learnt past experiences of
sendiri target nasional yang dipandu oleh lain yang relevan untuk konteks nasional.
the SDGs is most relevant for trade unions trade union engagement in national socio-
ambisi di tingkat global ini. Perwujudan dari
or for the national situations. The reference economic policy-making.
masing-masing target ini diharapkan dapat Kerangka indikator global akan dilengkapi
berkontribusi untuk pencapaian tujuan. oleh indikator-indikator yang dikembangkan
Sebanyak 169 target disepakati untuk di tingkat regional dan nasional oleh Negara-
memastikan pencapaian 17 tujuan. Baik target negara Anggota PBB.
maupun tujuan mengintegrasikan keterkaitan
antara aspek ekonomi, sosial dan lingkungan
yang diperlukan untuk mencapai pembangunan
berkelanjutan.

vi
ix
Using the reference manual on SDGs
This reference manual is a tool to manual presents the 17 SDGs in detail.
Cara-cara Pelaksanaan
introduce the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable • Kegiatan
The presentation bisnis
of swasta
each goal sebagai pendorong
is followed
Development to trade unions. It aims pertumbuhan inklusif dan
by a brief introduction of some key issuespenciptaan
Agenda 2030 juga
particularly, memberikan
at providing tradekepastian
unionists lapanganthe
concerning kerja.
goal,Selain meminta
and where datadunia
exists,
pelaksanaan
engaged inkemitraan global yang development
national sustainable lebih baik. someusaha untuk menerapkan
benchmarks in achievement kreativitas
linkedmereka
to
Kemitraan
processes,ini with
padaaAgenda
detailed2030 dijadikan
understanding somedalamof themenghadapi
targets under tantangan
the goal. pembangunan
This is
sebagai
of thecara
2030 pelaksanaan
Agenda, and dantheterdapat pada
opportunities berkelanjutan,
followed by a tableAgenda 2030 juga
which presents a list of
Tujuan 17 maupun
the goals, targetsmasing-masing
and indicators Tujuan
provide to the menyatakan
priority targets agar that trade unions
pemerintah ”... may
membina
Pembangunan
advance trade Berkelanjutan.
union objectives.Cara-cara wishdunia
to pay particular
usaha attentiondan
yang dinamis to, berfungsi
together
pelaksanaan semakin ditekankan lagi pada withbaik,
theirseraya
indicators to measure
melindungi progress.
hak pekerja
You arehasil
dokumen therefore invitedInternasional
Konferensi to go throughKetiga
the Finally, as we placeserta
dan lingkungan a lot standar
of importance
kesehatanon
differentPembiayaan
mengenai componentsPembangunan
of the 2030 Agenda
yang the sesuai
rights-based
denganapproach
standar dan to development,
kesepakatan
and the list ofdi
diselenggarakan 17Addis
Sustainable
Ababa padaDevelopment
Juli oneinternasional
has under this dansection a list
inisiatif lainofdalam
some hal
Goals
2015. (SDGs). ini
Dokumen Note that each
dikenal GoalAddis
sebagai is linked instruments from the ILO or the
ini, misalnya Prinsip-prinsip Pemandu body of
to a Action
Ababa set of Targets
Agendaand
4 Indicators.cara-cara
, melengkapi Trade human
untuk rights
Bisnisthat
danareHakrelevant
Asasito the goal.
Manusia 17
unions are invited to pay particular attention
pelaksanaannya. Onedanmust stressperburuhan
standar that the proposed priority
dari Organisasi
to Goal 8 which seeks to “Promote sustained, targets are only Internasional...”
Perburuhan indicative in nature. (§67) Each
Cara-cara
inclusivepelaksanaan mencakup
and sustainable pembiayaan,
economic growth, national trade union must determine for itself
teknologi
full anddan pengembangan
productive employmentkemampuan.
and decent • Perdagangan
what the priority internasional
goals, targets sebagai mesin
and indicators
work for all” as this goal deals with matters penggerak pertumbuhan
should be, taking into consideration theekonomi yang
Beberapa
of labourunsur
and utama
decentdari cara-cara
work. However, given inklusif
specific dan pengurangan
challenges being faced kemiskinan.
in their
pelaksanaan
the fact thatberfokus
DecentpadaWorkbidang-bidang
is mainstreamed country. These Targets must be considered as
berikut: • Kebijakan pengentasan utang jangka panjang
throughout the SDGs, it is also important for entry-points to advance trade union positions
yang berkelanjutan melalui kebijakan
readers to consider other SDG Targets outside and advocacy strategies.
• Goal
Strategi pembangunan yang terkoordinasi yang bertujuan untuk
8, that are equallyberkelanjutan
relevant to Decent
di tingkat nasional yang didukung oleh pembiayaan utang, penyelesaian utang,
Work. After understanding the 2030 Agenda and
mobilisasi dan penggunaan sumber daya restrukturisasi
assessing utang
its relevant danthe
parts, manajemen utang
third section
nasional
The secaramanual
reference efektif,ispenghargaan
divided into three yang trade
is about lebih kuat.
union action. Each trade union
terhadap
main ruangThe
sections. kebijakan masing-masing
first section is about must develop itsfasilitasi
• Mekanisme own SDG strategic
teknologi plan.
agar
negara dan diperkuat
understanding the 2030 olehAgenda
lingkungan
and its In developing this plan, this section
memastikan alih teknologi yang lebih provides
ramah
different components. Reading thissemua
internasional yang memungkinkan sectionitu an interactive menu to assist trade
lingkungan kepada negara-negara denganunions
terlaksana.
is necessary in order to understand the assess the waktu
jangka opportunities
yang lebihandbaik.
challenges they
origins, components and goals under the may face in engaging in the SDG process at
• Pendanaan internasional untuk melengkapi • Menangani risiko sistemik (seperti
2030 Agenda. national level. The menu of issues alsotantangan
helps
upaya nasional, termasuk melalui Official lingkungan,
trade krisis
unions refine ekonomi
their danplan
strategic keuangan
based
Development
The Assistance
second section helps(ODA). Penyedia
to assess what in on lessons learnt fromdalam
dunia, tantangan past experiences of
tata kelola ekonomi
ODA menegaskan kembali komitmen
the SDGs is most relevant for trade unions mereka, trade unionketidakstabilan
global, engagement inharga national socio- yang
komoditas
“termasuk komitmen dari banyak negara
or for the national situations. The reference economic policy-making.
berlebihan, migrasi internasional, segala
maju untuk mencapai target 0,7 persen bentuk kekerasan, terorisme, kejahatan
pendapatan domestik bruto dalam bantuan dan perdagangan manusia) dan mendorong
pembangunan resmi (ODA/GNI) kepada koherensi kebijakan dari lembaga keuangan
negara berkembang dan 0,15 persen hingga multilateral, investasi, perdagangan dan
0,2 persen dari ODA/GNI kepada negara- kebijakan pembangunan dan lingkungan.
negara yang belum terlalu maju.” (§43)

4 Third International Conference on Financing for


Development, Addis Ababa Action Agenda: http://www.
un.org/esa/ffd/ffd3

vi
x
Using the reference manual on SDGs
This reference manual is a tool to manual presents the 17 SDGs in detail.
Tindak Lanjut
introduce thedan Peninjauan
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Hal presentation
The tersebut dapat of mendukung
each goal is transisi
followed
Development to trade unions. It aims menuju Tujuan Pembangunan
by a brief introduction of some key issues Berkelanjutan
Agenda Pembangunan
particularly, Berkelanjutan
at providing 2030
trade unionists dan mengembangkan
concerning the goal, and instrumen
where data perencanaan
exists,
berkomitmen
engaged in melakukan tindak lanjut
national sustainable dan
development yang ada,
some misalnyainpembangunan
benchmarks achievement linked nasional to
tinjauan pelaksanaan
processes, agenda understanding
with a detailed selama 15 tahun dan strategi
some pembangunan
of the targets under the berkelanjutan
goal. This is
ke of
depan. Tindak
the 2030 lanjut dan
Agenda, and tinjauan yang
the opportunities (§78). Sesuai
followed dengan
by a table prinsip-prinsip
which presents a list untuk
of
dilakukan
the goals, di semua
targets tingkatan ini akan
and indicators dipandu
provide to the priority targets
melakukan that trade
tindak lanjut dan unions may
peninjauan,
oleh serangkaian
advance trade prinsip, di mana termasuk di
union objectives. wish
prosesto perencanaan
pay particulardan attention to, together
pelaksanaan di
dalamnya: with their
tingkat indicators
nasional harusto “...terbuka,
measure progress.inklusif,
You are therefore invited to go through the Finally, as we
partisipatif danplace a lot of untuk
transparan importancesemuaonorang
- different
Bersifat kerelaan
components dan ofdidorong
the 2030 olehAgenda
negara, the
danrights-based
akan mendukung approach to development,
pelaporan oleh pemangku
dengan
and the mempertimbangkan
list of 17 Sustainable realita nasional
Development one has underterkait”
kepentingan this section
(§74d),a list of someserikat
termasuk
yang berbeda,
Goals (SDGs). Note kemampuan
that each dan tingkat
Goal is linked instruments
pekerja. from the ILO or the body of
pembangunan
to a set of Targets di tingkat nasional dan
and Indicators. Tradeakan human rights that are relevant to the goal.
menghargai
unions ruang to
are invited danpayprioritas kebijakan.
particular attention One must
Negara stress juga
anggota that the proposed
didorong untukpriority
“...
Karena
to Goal 8 rasa
whichkepemilikan akan program
seeks to “Promote sustained, targets
melakukanare only indicative
tinjauan secarainteratur
nature.danEachinklusif
ini di tingkat
inclusive and nasional
sustainablesangat pentinggrowth,
economic national
mengenai trade union must
kemajuan determine
di tingkat nasionalfor dan
itself
dalam
full andmencapai
productive tujuan pembangunan
employment and decent what the priority
subnasional yanggoals, targets
dipimpin oleh and indicators
negara dan
work for all” as maka
berkelanjutan, this goal
hasildeals
dari with
proses matters
di should
didorong be,oleh
taking into consideration
negara. Tinjauan semacam the ini
of labournasional
tingkat and decentakanwork.
menjadi However,
landasan given specific challenges being
harus mendapatkan faced dari
kontribusi in their
masyarakat
the
untuk factkajian
that Decent
di tingkatWork is mainstreamed
regional dan global. country.
asli, masyarakat sipil, sektor swasta dan as
These Targets must be considered
throughout
(§74a) the SDGs, it is also important for entry-points to advance trade
pemangku kepentingan lain” union
(§79),positions
termasuk
readers to consider other SDG Targets outside and advocacy
serikat pekerja.strategies.
- Goal
Mereka akanare
8, that melacak
equallykemajuan
relevant to dalam
Decent
pelaksanaan
Work. tujuan dan sasaran universal, After understanding
Karenanya the 2030
serikat pekerja Agenda
diminta and
untuk
termasuk cara pelaksanaan di seluruh assessing its relevant
berpartisipasi parts,
aktif pada the third
proses tindaksection
lanjut
negara.
The (§74b)manual is divided into three
reference is about
dan tradenasional
tinjauan union action.
mengenaiEachSDGtradeiniunion
dengan
main sections. The first section is about must develop
pandangan its own
untuk SDG strategic
mendorong plan.
dan membela
- Akan terbuka, inklusif, partisipatif dan
understanding the 2030 Agenda and its In
hakdeveloping
pekerja dan thiskepentingan
plan, this section provides
kaum miskin dan
transparan bagi semua orang dan akan
different components. Reading this section an interactive
rentan. menuserikat
Partisipasi to assist tradeharus
pekerja unionsterfokus
didukung dengan pelaporan pada semua
is necessary in order to understand the assess the opportunities
pada Tujuan 8 mengenaiand challenges they
“Pertumbuhan Inklusif
pemangku kepentingan yang relevan. (§74d)
origins, components and goals under the may
dan face in engaging
Pekerjaan in the dan
yang Layak” SDGtarget
process at
pekerjaan
- 2030
Juga akanAgenda.berpusat pada manusia, peka national level. The menu of issues
layak lainnya yang ada pada tujuan yang lain.also helps
gender, menghargai HAM dan terfokus pada trade unions
Pelibatan refinepekerja
serikat their strategic
pada prosesplan SDG
based
The secondtermiskin,
kelompok section helps to assess
terentan dan yangwhat in on lessons
harus learnt pada
dilakukan from seluruh
past experiences of
proses nasional
the SDGs is most
paling tertinggal. (§74e) relevant for trade unions trade union engagement in national
mulai dari perencanaan, pelaksanaan hingga socio-
or for the national situations. The reference economic
pemantauan, policy-making.
untuk melakukan tinjauan dan
Tindak lanjut dan peninjauan akan dilakukan di pelaporan mengenai pencapaian negara dalam
tingkat nasional, regional dan global. melaksanakan SDG.
Di tingkat nasional, negara anggota didorong Tindak lanjut dan peninjauan yang dilakukan
untuk “… sesegera mungkin mengembangkan di tingkat regional memberikan peluang untuk
tanggapan nasional yang ambisius dalam “saling belajar, termasuk melalui tinjauan
melaksanakan agenda ini secara menyeluruh.

vi
xi
Using the reference manual on SDGs
This reference manual is a tool to manual presents the 17 SDGs in detail.
introduce the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable The presentation of each goal is followed
Development
secara sukarela, to trade praktik
berbagi unions. terbaik
It aims dan by amaupun
brief introduction
badan-badan of some
PBB dan key issues
pemangku
particularly, at providing
diskusi mengenai target bersama”. trade unionists
(§80) concerning the goal, and where
kepentingan lain, termasuk masyarakat data exists,sipil
engaged in national sustainable development some benchmarks
dan sektor swata. (§84)in achievement linked to
Di processes,
tingkat global, withtindak
a detailed
lanjut understanding
dan peninjauan some of the targets under the goal. This is
of the 2030
memberikan Agenda,
peran pentingandbagithe Forum
opportunities
Politik • Tinjauan
followed by atematik mengenai
table which presentskemajuan
a list ofSDG
the goals,
Tingkat Tinggitargets
(HLPF)and yangindicators
bekerja provide
melalui to the termasuk isu-isuthat
priority targets yang saling
trade bersinggungan.
unions may
advance
Sidang Umum trade
PBB union
danobjectives.
Dewan Ekonomi dan wish to pay particular attention to, together
• Agenda
with Addis Ababa
their indicators untuk aksi
to measure dan cara-
progress.
Sosial PBB (ECOSOC). HLPF diberi tugas
Youmelakukan
are therefore cara pelaksanaan SDG.
untuk halinvited
berikuttoini:go “HLPF
throughakan
the Finally, as we place a lot of importance on
different components of the
memfasilitasi berbagi pengalaman, termasuk 2030 Agenda the
HLPFrights-based approachpartisipasi
“akan mendukung to development,
dalam
and the listtantangan
keberhasilan, of 17 Sustainable Development
dan pelajaran berharga one has under this section
proses tindak lanjut dan peninjauan a list of someoleh
Goals (SDGs). Note that each
serta memberikan panduan, arahan politis Goal is linked
dan instruments
kelompok-kelompokfrom thebesar ILO ordan thepemangku
body of
to a set of untuk
rekomendasi Targetstindak
and Indicators.
lanjut. Juga Trade
akan human rights terkait
kepentingan that are relevant
yang sejalanto dengan
the goal.
unions are invited
mempromosikan to paydan
koherensi particular attention
koordinasi One must stress that the
resolusi 67/290” (§89). Ini membuka proposed priority
peluang
to Goal 8 which seeks to
kebijakan pembangunan berkelanjutan. “Promote sustained, targets are only indicative
untuk partisipasi dalam kelompok besarin nature. Each
inclusive
HLPF juga harusand sustainable
memastikaneconomic growth,
agenda tetap national
mengenai trade union
pekerja danmust determine
serikat pekerjafor itself
pada
full and
relevan danproductive
ambisius dan employment
harus fokusandpada
decent what
proses thetindak
priority goals,
lanjut dantargets
tinjauananddiindicators
tingkat
work for all” as this goal deals
penilaian kemajuan, pencapaian dan tantangan with matters should
global. be, taking into consideration the
of dihadapi
yang labour and decent
oleh work. However,
negara-negara maju given specific challenges being faced in their
the fact that Decent Work
dan berkembang maupun isu-isu baru dan is mainstreamed country. These Targets
Sejak Konferensi PBB must mengenaibe considered
Lingkungan as
throughout the SDGs,
mengemuka.”(§82) HLPFitbertemu
is also important
dengan for entry-points
dan Pembangunan to advance yangtrade
pertamaunion positions
pada 1992,
readers to consider other
dukungan dari Sidang Umum setiap empat SDG Targets outside and advocacy strategies.
telah diakui bahwa mencapai pembangunan
Goal 8, that are equally relevant to Decent berkelanjutan akan membutuhkan keikutsertaan
tahun sekali dan di bawah ECOSOC pada tahun-
Work. After
aktif understanding
dari semua sektorthe masyarakat.
2030 Agenda and
Dengan
tahun reses.
assessing
mengingatitshal
relevant parts, the
ini, sembilan thirdmasyarakat
sektor section
Theakan
HLPF reference manual
bekerja denganis menggunakan
divided into three is about trade union action. Each trade
kemudian diformalisasikan sebagai jalur- union
main sections.
informasi dari: The first section is about must develop its own SDG strategic plan.
jalur utama di mana partisipasi yang lebih
understanding the 2030 Agenda and its In developing this plan, this section provides
luas dapat difasilitasi dalam kegiatan PBB
• different components.
Laporan kemajuan Reading
tahunan this section
mengenai SDG an interactive menu to assist trade unions
yang berhubungan dengan pembangunan
is necessary in order to understand
yang disiapkan oleh Sekretaris Jenderalthe assess the opportunities and challenges they
berkelanjutan. Secara resmi kesemua kelompok
origins, components
PBB bekerja and goals
sama dengan under
sistem PBB the may face in engaging in the SDG process at
itu disebut sebagai “Kelompok Utama” dan
2030 Agenda.
berdasarkan pada indikator. national level. The menu of issues also helps
memasukkan sektor-sektor berikut: Perempuan,
trade unions refine their strategic plan based
Anak-anak dan Kaum Muda; Masyarakat
• The
Laporan Pembangunan
second Berkelanjutan
section helps to assess what in on lessons learnt from past experiences of
Adat; Organisasi Non Pemerintah; Pemerintah
Global
the SDGsmemberikan instrumen
is most relevant berbasis
for trade unions trade union engagement in national socio-
Daerah; Pekerja dan Serikat Pekerja; Dunia
bukti
or for yang kuat untuk
the national mendukung
situations. para
The reference economic policy-making.
Usaha dan Industri; Komunitas ilmuwan dan
pembuat kebijakan dalam mempromosikan
teknologi; Petani. Kelompok Utama mengenai
pembangunan berkelanjutan.
“Pekerja dan Serikat Pekerja” dikoordinir oleh
• Tinjauan reguler yang sejalan dengan resolusi Konfederasi Serikat Pekerja Internasional
Sidang Umum 67/290 tanggal 9 Juli 2013. (ITUC).
Tinjauan sifatnya bisa sukarela, meskipun
pelaporan sangat disarankan, dan termasuk
negara-negara maju dan berkembang

vi
xii
Using the reference manual on SDGs
Tujuan Pembangunan Berkelanjutan
This reference manual is a tool to manual presents the 17 SDGs in detail.
introduce the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable The presentation of each goal is followed
Development
Tujuan 1 to trade unions.
Mengakhiri It aimsdalam SegalabyBentuk
Kemiskinan a briefDimanapun
introduction of some key issues
particularly, at providing trade unionists concerning the goal, and where data exists,
engaged
Tujuan 2 in national sustainable
Menghilangkan development
Kelaparan, Mencapaisome benchmarks
Ketahanan Panganindan achievement linkedserta
Gizi yang Baik, to
processes, with a detailed understanding
Meningkatkan Pertanian Berkelanjutan some of the targets under the goal. This is
of the 2030 Agenda, and the opportunities followed by a table which presents a list of
the goals,
Tujuan 3 targets and indicators
Menjamin Kehidupanprovide to danthe
yang Sehat priority targets
Meningkatkan that trade unions
Kesejahteraan Seluruh may
advance trade union objectives.
Penduduk Semua Usia wish to pay particular attention to, together
with their indicators to measure progress.
Tujuan 4 Menjamin Kualitas Pendidikan
You are therefore invited to go through the yang Inklusif
Finally, asdanweMerata
place serta Meningkatkan
a lot of importance on
Kesempatan
different components Belajar
of the 2030Sepanjang
Agenda Hayatthe untuk Semua approach to development,
rights-based
and the list of 17 Sustainable Development one has under this section a list of some
Tujuan
Goals5 (SDGs).Mencapai
Note thatKesetaraan
each GoalGender
is linkeddan Memberdayakan
instruments from Kaumthe Perempuan
ILO or the body of
to a set of Targets and Indicators. Trade human rights that are relevant to the goal.
Tujuan
unions6 are invited
Menjamin Ketersediaan
to pay serta Pengelolaan
particular attention One mustAir Bersih
stress dan
that Sanitasi yang Berkelanjutan
the proposed priority
untuk Semua
to Goal 8 which seeks to “Promote sustained, targets are only indicative in nature. Each
inclusive and sustainable economic growth, national trade union must determine for itself
Tujuan 7 Menjamin Akses Energi
full and productive employment and decent yang Terjangkau,
whatAndal, Berkelanjutan
the priority dan Moderen
goals, targets Untuk
and indicators
work for all”Semua
as this goal deals with matters should be, taking into consideration the
of labour and decent work. However, given specific challenges being faced in their
Tujuan 8 Meningkatkan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi yang Inklusif dan Berkelanjutan, Kesempatan
the fact that Decent Work is mainstreamed country. These Targets must be considered as
Kerja yang Produktif dan Menyeluruh, Serta Pekerjaan yang Layak untuk Semua
throughout the SDGs, it is also important for entry-points to advance trade union positions
readers to consider other SDG Targets outside and advocacy strategies.
Tujuan 9 Membangun Infrastruktur yang Tangguh, Meningkatkan Industri Inklusif dan
Goal 8, that are equally relevant to Decent
Berkelanjutan, serta Mendorong Inovasi
Work. After understanding the 2030 Agenda and
Tujuan 10 Mengurangi Kesenjangan Intra dan Antar assessing
Negara its relevant parts, the third section
The reference manual is divided into three is about trade union action. Each trade union
main11
Tujuan sections. The first section
Menjadikan Kota dan is Permukiman
about must develop
Inklusif, Aman, its own SDG
Tangguh danstrategic plan.
Berkelanjutan
understanding the 2030 Agenda and its In developing this plan, this section provides
different
Tujuan 12 components.
Menjamin PolaReading this section
Produksi dan Konsumsi an interactive menu to assist trade unions
yang Berkelanjutan
is necessary in order to understand the assess the opportunities and challenges they
origins,
Tujuan 13 components
Mengambil andTindakan
goals under
Cepattheuntuk Mengatasi
may facePerubahan
in engaging in the
Iklim danSDG process at
Dampaknya
2030 Agenda. national level. The menu of issues also helps
Tujuan 14 Melestarikan dan Memanfaatkan secara tradeBerkelanjutan
unions refineSumber Daya Kelautan
their strategic plan baseddan
The second Samudera
section helpsuntuk Pembangunan
to assess what in Berkelanjutan
on lessons learnt from past experiences of
the SDGs is most relevant for trade unions trade union engagement in national socio-
Tujuan
or for15
the national
Melindungi, Merestorasi
situations. dan Meningkatkan
The reference economic Pemanfaatan
policy-making.Berkelanjutan Ekosistem
Daratan, Mengelola Hutan secara Lestari, Menghentikan Penggurunan, Memulihkan
Degradasi Lahan, serta Menghentikan Kehilangan Keanekaragaman Hayati

Tujuan 16 Menguatkan Masyarakat yang Inklusif dan Damai untuk Pembangunan Berkelanjutan,
Menyediakan Akses Keadilan untuk Semua dan Membangun Kelembagaan yang
Efektif, Akuntabel dan Inklusif di Semua Tingkatan

Tujuan 17 Menguatkan Sarana Pelaksanaan dan Merevitalisasi Kemitraan Global untuk


Pembangunan Berkelanjutan

vi
xiii
PEMBERANTASAN ENERGI BERSIH AKSI
KEMISKINAN DAN TERJANGKAU PERUBAHAN IKLIM

PENIADAAN KERJA LAYAK DAN KEHIDUPAN


KELAPARAN PERTUMBUHAN BAWAH LAUT
EKONOMI

KESEHATAN INDUSTRI, INOVASI KEHIDUPAN


YANG BAIK DAN INFRASTRUKTUR DI DARAT

PENDIDIKAN PENGURANGAN PERDAMAIAN


BERKUALITAS KESENJANGAN DAN KEADILAN

KESETARAAN KOTA DAN KEMITRAAN DEMI


JENDER MASYARAKAT MENCAPAI TUJUAN
BERKELANJUTAN

AIR BERSIH KONSUMSI YANG


DAN SANITASI BERTANGGUNG
JAWAB

TU UAN
PEMBANGUNAN
BERKELANJUTAN

xiv
PEMBERANTASAN
KEMISKINAN
Tujuan 1
2030 AgendaGoal 1 ofcalls
the 2030
for an Agenda
end calls 2011,
for an end 753 million
2011, 753 people
millionmoved
people moved
aboveabove the the
l its forms
to poverty
underlines
and in
of thethe
in all
world.
allits
right
regions
It underlines
Mengakhiri Kemiskinan dalam
forms and in all
to socialthe right
regionsextreme
$1.90
to social
Most
$1.90poverty
of the extreme
extremethreshold
Most of thepoverty
poverty threshold
extreme in poverty
in China.
the world
in China.
in the world
can can
is enshrined
securityin
Human Declaration
which
the is
Rights. Itofalso
Universal
Human calls
Segala Bentuk di Mana Pun
enshrined in thebe Universal
Rights. It also
Asia.
found in Sub-Saharan
calls
be found in Sub-Saharan
According
Asia.to According
the latest
Africa and
to the
Africa
estimates,
inandSouth
latest estimates,
in South
in in
articularly
for everyone,
the poor, particularly
to have the poor,2012 to haveSouth 2012 Asia South
had 309Asia had
million
309 million
people people
in in
, and ownership
equal rightsofto,productive
and ownership of extreme
productivepoverty extreme
while poverty
Sub-Saharan
while Sub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
ell as access
resourcesto as
basic
well asservices.
access to basic services. 388.7
harboured harboured million
388.7people.
million people.
So just So just
over 77.8% over of the77.8% extreme
of the extreme
poor lived poor inlived
bothin both
y or absolute
Extremepoverty
poverty orcan absolute poverty regions.
can The regions.
estimates The estimates
also showed also showed
that in that in
“severe be deprivation
defined as “severe
of basic deprivation2012,
of basic 147 million
2012, 147 of million
the extreme
of the extreme
poor livedpoor lived
. Since human
1990 needs”.
the World Since 1990 the World in East Asia in and EasttheAsiaPacific
and thewhile
Pacific44 whilemillion
44 million
maticallyBanktried
has tosystematically
determinetried to determinelived in Latinlived America
in LatinandAmerica
the and
Caribbean,
the Caribbean,
y line, based
a globalon poverty line, based on a measure
a measure and the Eastern and the
EuropeEasternand
Europe
Central
and Central
Asia Asia
erty, whichof income
wouldpoverty,
determine which would determine
combined. combined.
xtreme poverty
the extentin of the
extreme
world. poverty in the world.
gy usedThe is based
methodologyon national
used is based onWhile national the global
Whilepoverty
the globalline
poverty
is important
line is important
onvertedpoverty
usinglines
purchasing
converted using purchasingfor international for international
comparison comparison
and tracking
and tracking
PPP) exchange
power parity
rates (PPP)
(i.e. exchange
the ratesof(i.e. the
progress made
of progress
in eradicating
made in eradicating
extreme extreme
of goods same
andquantity
services of goods
priced and services priced yourpoverty,
poverty, country’s your national
country’s national
poverty poverty
line line
ross countries
equivalentlyand across
converted
countries and is converted
more appropriate
is more appropriate
for advocacy for advocacy
and policyand policy
currency,
into namely
a commonUS$) currency,
1
. namely US$) 1
.
engagement. engagement.
Furthermore, Furthermore,
while Target
while Target
1.1 1.1
poverty line
So theofglobal
$1.25 poverty
a day line of $1.25 a day on extreme
focuses focuses on poverty,
extreme Target
poverty, Target
1.2 calls 1.2 calls
in 2005, which
is used
was set ininTarget
2005, 1.1is used inforTarget 1.1
a reduction for aofreduction
at leastofby at least
half byof half
persons
of persons
l. However,
underin this
October
Goal. However,
2015 in October living2015 in poverty
livingaccording
in poverty according
to national to national
obal poverty
the updated
line measuring definitions. This
global poverty line measuring definitions.
Target This
therefore
Target therefore
meansmeans that that
y was set extreme
at $1.90
povertyby was theset at $1.90the by thetask of eradicating
the task of eradicating
poverty poverty
is not is limited
not limited
is important
World Bank.
to underline
It is importantthatto underline that
to low-income to low-income
countries.countries.
Middle Middle
Income Income
es in thedespite
figure, changes
the real in the
value
figure, theCountries
real value and Countries
Developed and Developed
countries countries
are also are also
day’s prices
of $1.90
is thein today’s
sameprices as is the same called as to reduce
calledthe to reduce
levelstheoflevels
povertyof poverty
in their in their
5 prices.$1.25
This in global
2005 prices.
poverty This globalcountries
poverty based
countries
on theirbasednationally
on their nationally
defined defined
ue to change
line willincontinue
the future.
to change in thepoverty
future. lines.poverty lines.

he most According
recent Worldto the most
Bankrecent World Bank
Whereas Middle-Income
Whereas Middle-Income
countries countries
tend tend
012, 896 estimates,
million in 2012,
people 896lived
million people
to fix a moderate
lived to fix apoverty
moderatelinepoverty line of between
of between
erty in thein extreme
world poverty
on less in than
the world on$1.90less than PPP and $1.90 $3.10
PPP and PPP$3.10
perPPPcapita
per capita
o 12.7 $1.90percent a day.
of So
the12.7world’s
percent of the day, developed
perworld’s per day, developed
countriescountries
fix a relative
fix a relative
d in extreme
population
poverty
lived ininextreme
2012.poverty poverty
in 2012. line which
poverty line
is setwhich
at is
60setper
at 60centper of
centa of a
orld metSothe whileMillennium
the world met the Millennium country’s relative country’s
median
relativedisposable
median disposableincome. income.
Goal to cut Development
the 1990 Goal extreme
to cut the 1990 extreme
Target 1.2 isTarget
relevant
1.2 istorelevant
all these
to allcountries
these countries
half, the poverty
extentrateof by extreme
half, the extent of as extreme
it calls forasaitreduction of at least
calls for a reduction of at by
least by
world is poverty
still unacceptably
in the world is still unacceptablyhalf the proportion half the proportion
of men, of women
men, women and and
high. children of all children
agesofliving
all agesinliving
povertyin poverty
in in
all its dimensions all its dimensions
according according
to national
to national
poverty Whileratesextreme
have declined
poverty rates have definitions,
declined definitions,
by 2030.by 2030.
ogress has globally,
been theuneven.
progress has Mostbeen uneven. Most
is attributed
of the decline
to declinesis attributed
in All the
to declines in definitions
All the definitions
of poverty of mentioned
poverty mentioned above above
y in China.extremeBetween
poverty in 1981
China.andBetween are1981income-based
and are income-based
poverty measurements.
poverty measurements.
However it isHowever importantit is important
to state to statepoverty
that that poverty
p://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/
1 is multidimensional.
World Bank : http://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/ is multidimensional.
It covers Itacovers
whole a whole
rangerange
ty-line-faq brief/global-poverty-line-faq of other issues of other
besides
issuesthebesides
incomes
the incomes
of theof the

3 3
1
poor. It relates to basic needs such as access
PEMBERANTASAN
to food, shelter, drinking water, education or
KEMISKINAN
Tujuan 1
of aggregate demand in case of economic
crises. According to ILO estimates2, in
health and extends to the enjoyment of basic 2012, only 27% of the world’s working–age
human rights such as non-discrimination,
freedom from forced labour and the right to
Mengakhiri
population and their families had access to
comprehensive social security systems. This
organise.
Kemiskinan dalam
means that 73% of the world’s population or
some 5.2 billion people do not enjoy access
One of the key causes of poverty is the denial
of the right to social security enshrined in
Segala Bentuk
to comprehensive social protection – they are
covered only partially or not at all.
article 22 of the Universal Declaration of
Human Rights. The lack of adequate levels of di Mana Pun
social protection is associated with high and 2
ILO, World Social Protection Report 2014/15, Building
chronic poverty, insufficient investment in economic recovery, inclusive development and social
human capital and weak automatic stabilizers justice, Geneva, 2014

Trade Union Priority Targets and Indicators under Goal 1


1.1 Pada 2030, mengentaskan kemiskinan 1.5 Pada 2030, membangun ketahanan
ekstrem bagi semua orang yang saat ini
Targets masyarakat Indicators
miskin dan mereka yang
berpendapatan kurang dari 1.25 dolar berada dalam kondisi yang rentan dan
Amerika
1.1 pereradicate
By 2030, hari. extreme poverty for all mengurangi
1.1.1 Proportion kerentanan
of population mereka
below the terhadap
international
people everywhere, currently measured as people poverty line, by sex,ekstrem
kejadian age, employment
terkait status
iklimanddan
1.2 living
Padaon2030, mengurangi
less than $1.25 a day setidaknya geographical location (urban/rural)
guncangan ekonomi, sosial, lingkungan
setengah
1.2 By 2030, proporsi
reduce atlaki-laki, perempuan
least by half the dan bencana.
1.2.1 Proportion of population living below the national
dan anak-anak
proportion dari semua
of men, women usia, of
and children yang
all ages poverty line, by sex and age
hidup
living in dalam kemiskinan
poverty in di semua
all its dimensions according to 1.a Menjamin mobilisasi yang signifikan
national definitions 1.2.2 Proportion of men, women and children of all ages
dimensi, sesuai dengan definisi nasional. terkait sumber daya dari berbagai
living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national
sumber, termasuk melalui kerjasama
definitions
1.3 Menerapkan secara nasional, sistem dan pembangunan yang lebih baik, guna
upaya
1.3 perlindungan
Implement nationally sosial yangsocial
appropriate tepat 1.3.1 Proportion of population covered by social
menyediakan sarana yang memadai dan
protection systems and measures for
bagi semua, termasuk kelompok yang all, including protection floors/systems, by sex, and distinguishing
floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage children,terjangkau
unemployed bagi negara
persons, berkembang,
older persons, persons serta
paling miskin, dan pada 2030 mencapai melaksanakan program dan kebijakan
of the poor and the vulnerable with disabilities, pregnant women, newborns, work injury
cakupan substansial bagi kelompok mengakhiri
victims, and kemiskinan
the poor and di semua
the vulnerable
miskin dan rentan. dimensi.
1.4 By 2030, ensure that all men and women, 1.4.1 Proportion of population living in households with
1.4 inPada 2030,
particular the menjamin
poor and thebahwa semua
vulnerable, have access to basic services
1.b Membuat kerangka kebijakan yang
equal
laki-laki dan perempuan, khususnyaas
rights to economic resources, as well
access to basic services, ownership and control kuat di tingkat nasional, regional dan
masyarakat
over miskin
land and other dan
forms rentan,inheritance,
of property, memiliki internasional, berdasarkan strategi
hak yang
natural samaappropriate
resources, terhadap new sumber dayaand
technology pembangunan, yang memihak pada
ekonomi,
financial sertaincluding
services, akses terhadap
microfinancepelayanan kelompok miskin dan peka terhadap isu
dasar,
danthose
and
kepemilikan
bentuk
dan
kepemilikan
in vulnerable
kontrol
lain,
situations
atas
1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor PEMBERANTASAN
tanah
andwarisan,
reduce
gender
1.5.1 Number
disaster per
untuk missing
of deaths,
100,000
cepat dalam
mendukung
people
investasi
and persons yang
affected
tindakan pemberantasan
by

sumber
their
extreme
daya
exposure
jasa keuangan
alam,
and teknologi
vulnerability
events andyang
other tepat KEMISKINAN
baru dan
to climate-related
economic, social and
termasuk
kemiskinan.
environmental shocks and disasters
keuangan mikro.
1.a Ensure significant mobilization of resources 1.a.1 Proportion of resources allocated by the government
from a variety of sources, including through directly to poverty reduction programmes
enhanced development cooperation, in order
to provide adequate and predictable means for 1.a.2 Proportion of total government spending on
developing countries, in particular least developed essential services (education, health and social protection)
countries, to implement programmes and policies
to end poverty in all its dimensions

24
Tujuan 1 dari Agenda 2030 menyerukan upaya Meskipun angka kemiskinan yang ekstrem turun
2030 Agenda Goal 1 of calls
the 2030for an Agenda
end calls 2011, for an end 753 million
2011, 753 people
millionmovedpeople movedaboveabove the the
mengakhiri kemiskinan dalam segala bentuk di tingkat global, kemajuannya tidak sama di
l its formsto poverty
and in in all
allits regions
forms and in all regionsextreme
$1.90 $1.90 poverty
extremethreshold
poverty threshold in China. in China.
dan di seluruh kawasan di dunia ini. Tujuan seluruh dunia. Sebagian besar penurunan
underlinesof thetheworld. rightIt underlines
to socialthe right Most to social
of the extreme
Most of thepoverty extreme in poverty
the world
in the world can can
ini juga menggarisbawahi hak atas jaminan itu karena menurunnya kemiskinan ekstrem
is enshrined
securityin which
the is Universal
enshrined in thebe Universal
found in Sub-Saharan
be found in Sub-Saharan Africa and Africa inand Southin South
sosial yang tercermin dalam Deklarasi Universal di Tiongkok. Antara tahun 1981 dan 2011,
Human Declaration
Rights. Itofalso Human calls Rights. It alsoAsia. calls AccordingAsia.to According
the latest to the estimates,
latest estimates, in in
HAM. Tujuan ini juga menyerukan kepada sebanyak 753 juta orang berpindah dari
articularly for everyone,
the poor, particularly
to have the poor,2012 to haveSouth 2012 Asia Southhad 309 Asia had million
309 million
people people
in in
semua orang, terutama rakyat miskin untuk kondisi batas kemiskinan ekstrem sebesar
, and ownership
equal rightsofto,productive
and ownership of extreme productivepoverty extreme while poverty
Sub-Saharan
while Sub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
mendapatkan hak yang sama dan memiliki $1,90 di Tiongkok. Sebagian besar kondisi
ell as access
resources to asbasicwell as services.
access to basic services. 388.7
harboured harboured million
388.7people.
million people.
So just So just
sumber daya yang produktif serta akses layanan kemiskinan ekstrem di dunia terdapat di
over 77.8% over of the 77.8% extremeof the extreme
poor lived poor in livedboth in both
mendasar. Sub-Sahara Afrika dan di Asia Selatan.
y or absolute
Extremepoverty
poverty orcan absolute poverty regions.
can The regions.
estimates The estimates
also showed also showed
that in that in
“severe be deprivation
defined as “severe of basic deprivation2012, of basic 147 million Berdasarkan
2012, 147 theestimasi
of million extreme
of the terkini,
extreme
poor padalived
poor 2012,
lived
Kemiskinan ekstrem atau kemiskinan absolut terdapat 309 juta orang yang hidup di dalam
. Since human
1990 needs”.
the World Since 1990 the World in East Asia in and East theAsiaPacific
and thewhile Pacific44 while million
44 million
dapat dijabarkan sebagai “pengurangan hak kondisi kemiskinan
matically Bank tried
has to systematically
determinetried to determine lived in Latinlived America
in Latin and
Americatheekstrem
and the di
Caribbean, Asia Selatan,
Caribbean,
dasar manusia yang parah”. Sejak tahun 1990 sementara Sub-Sahara Afrika memiliki
y line, based
a globalon poverty
a measureline, based on a measure and the Eastern and the
Europe
Eastern andEuropeCentral
and Central
Asia Asia sekitar
Bank Dunia telah secara sistematis berupaya 388.7 juta orang. Jadi lebih dari 77,8 persen
erty, which of income
wouldpoverty,determine which would determine combined. combined.
untuk menentukan garis kemiskinan global, masyarakat miskin ekstrem tinggal di kawasan
xtreme poverty
the extentin of the
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is multidimensional. suatu negara.
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p://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/
1
World Bank : http://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/
sangat tinggi.
ty-line-faq brief/global-poverty-line-faq of other issues of negara
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incomes pengurangan
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3 3
setidaknya setengah dari proporsi laki-laki, adalah pengabaian akan hak atas jaminan
poor. It relates to basic needs such as access of aggregate demand in case of economic
perempuan dan anak-anak berbagai usia sosial yang termaktub dalam Deklarasi Universal
to food, shelter, drinking water, education or crises. According to ILO estimates2, in
yang hidup dengan kemiskinan dalam semua HAM Pasal 22. Kurangnya perlindungan sosial
health and extends to the enjoyment of basic 2012, only 27% of the world’s working–age
dimensinya berdasarkan definisi nasional pada yang berhubungan kemiskinan kronis dan
human rights such as non-discrimination, population and their families had access to
2030. tinggi, investasi pada sumber daya manusia
freedom from forced labour and the right to comprehensive social security systems. This
yang kurang dan lemahnya permintaan saat
organise.
Semua definisi kemiskinan yang disebutkan means that 73% of the world’s population or
terjadinya krisis ekonomi. Menurut estimasi
di atas adalah pengukuran kemiskinan some 5.2 billion people do not enjoy access
ILO5 pada 2012, hanya 27 persen dari
One of the key causes of poverty
berbasis pendapatan. Namun penting is the denial to comprehensive social protection – they are
populasi usia kerja dunia dan keluarga mereka
of the right to social security enshrined in covered only partially or not at all.
untuk menyatakan bahwa kemiskinan itu yang dapat mengakses sistem jaminan sosial
article 22 of the Universal Declaration of
multidimensional. Mencakup seluruh isu lain
Human Rights. The lack of adequate levels of secara menyeluruh. Artinya sebanyak 73
selain dari pendapatan rakyat miskin. Ini persen populasi dunia atau 5,2 miliar orang di
social protection is associated with high and
berhubungan dengan kebutuhan mendasar dunia
2
ILO,ini tidak
World Socialdapat mengakses
Protection perlindungan
Report 2014/15, Building
chronic poverty, insufficient investment in economic recovery, inclusive development and social
seperti akses terhadap pangan, papan, air
human capital and weak automatic stabilizers sosial yang menyeluruh—mereka hanya
justice, Geneva, 2014
minum, pendidikan atau kesehatan dan terlindungi secara sebagian atau tidak sama
sampai pada terjaminnya HAM lain seperti sekali.
non-diskriminasi, bebas dari kerja paksa dan
hak berserikat.Trade Union Priority Targets and Indicators under Goal 1

Salah satu penyebab utama


Targetskemiskinan Indicators
1.1 ByTarget dan Indikator
2030, eradicate Prioritas
extreme poverty for all Serikat Pekerja
1.1.1 Proportion Menurut
of population belowTujuan 1
the international
people everywhere, currently measured as people poverty line, by sex, age, employment status and
living on less than $1.25 a day geographical location (urban/rural)
Target Indikator
1.2 By 2030, reduce at least by half the 1.2.1 Proportion of population living below the national
1.1 Pada 2030,
proportion of men, mengentaskan
women and children kemiskinan
of all ages 1.1.1
poverty Proporsi
line, populasi
by sex and age yang hidup di
ekstrem bagi semua
living in poverty orang
in all its yang according
dimensions saat ini to bawah garis kemiskinan internasional
national definitions 1.2.2 Proportion of men, women and children of all ages
berpendapatan kurang dari 1,25 dolar berdasarkan jenis kelamin, usia, status
living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national
Amerika per hari. pekerjaan dan lokasi geografis (kota/desa).
definitions

1.3 Implement nationally appropriate social 1.3.1 Proportion of population covered by social
1.2 Pada 2030, mengurangi setidaknya
protection systems and measures for all, including
1.2.1 Proporsi populasi yang hidup di
protection floors/systems, by sex, and distinguishing
setengah
floors, andproporsi laki-laki,
by 2030 achieve perempuan
substantial dan
coverage bawahunemployed
children, garis kemiskinan berdasarkan
persons, older jenis
persons, persons
anak-anak
of the poor dari semua
and the usia, yang hidup
vulnerable kelamin
with danpregnant
disabilities, usia. women, newborns, work injury
dalam kemiskinan di semua dimensi, victims, and the poor and the vulnerable
sesuai
1.4 Bydengan definisi
2030, ensure that nasional.
all men and women,
1.2.2 Proporsi laki-laki, perempuan dan
1.4.1 Proportion of population living in households with
in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have anak-anak
access dari berbagai kelompok usia
to basic services
equal rights to economic resources, as well as yang hidup dalam kemiskinan dalam
access to basic services, ownership and control semua dimensinya berdasarkan definisi
over land and other forms of property, inheritance, nasional.
natural resources, appropriate new technology and
financial services, including microfinance
1.3 Menerapkan secara nasional, sistem 1.3.1 Proporsi populasi yang
1.5upaya
dan By 2030, build the resilience
perlindungan sosialofyang
the poor
tepat 1.5.1 Number of oleh
terlindungi deaths, missing
sistem and persons affected by
perlindungan
and semua,
bagi those in vulnerable
termasuksituations
kelompok and yang
reduce disaster perberdasarkan
sosial, 100,000 people
jenis kelamin dan
their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related
paling
extrememiskin, danother
events and pada 2030 mencapai
economic, social and membedakan anak-anak, pengangguran,
cakupan substansial
environmental shocks andbagi kelompok miskin
disasters orang lanjut usia, penyandang disabilitas,
dan rentan. perempuan hamil, korban kecelakaan
1.a Ensure significant mobilization of resources 1.a.1 Proportion of resources allocated by the government
from a variety of sources, including through
kerja, dan orang miskin dan rentan.
directly to poverty reduction programmes
enhanced development cooperation, in order
to provide adequate and predictable means for 1.a.2 Proportion of total government spending on
developing countries, in particular least developed essential services (education, health and social protection)
countries,
5 ILO, to implement
World Social Protectionprogrammes and policies
Report 2014/15,
to end poverty
Building economicin all its dimensions
recovery, inclusive development
and social justice, Jenewa, 2014

44
2030 AgendaGoal 1 of calls
the 2030
for an Target
Agenda
end calls 2011, for an end 753 million
2011, 753 people
millionmovedIndikator
people moved
aboveabove the the
l its forms
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and in in all
allits regions
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$1.90 $1.90poverty
extremethreshold
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in China. in China.
1.4 Pada 2030, menjamin bahwa semua 1.4.1 Proporsi populasi yang hidup dalam
underlines
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It underlines
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Most of the extreme
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the world
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laki-laki dan perempuan, khususnya rumah tangga yang dapat mengakses
is enshrined
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enshrined in thebe Universal
found in Sub-Saharan
be found in Sub-SaharanAfrica and Africa inandSouth
in South
masyarakat miskin dan rentan, memiliki layanan dasar.
Human Declaration
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articularly
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had 309 Asia had
million
309 million
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while Sub-Saharan AfricaAfrica
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ell as access
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access to basic services. 388.7
harboured harboured million
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million people.
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dan bentuk kepemilikan lain, warisan,
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erty, which masyarakat
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p://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/
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3 3
5
Catatan:
poor. It relates to basic needs such as access
• Bagaimanakah cakupan perlindungan
of aggregate demand in case of economic
sosial di negara Anda?
to food, shelter, drinking water, education or crises. According to ILO estimates2, in
• Bagaimanakah garistokemiskinan
health and extends nasional
the enjoyment di
of basic • 2012, only 27%
Apa yang dapatofserikat
the world’s working–age
pekerja lakukan
negara Anda?
human rights such as non-discrimination, population and their families had access to
untuk meningkatkan cakupan perlindungan
freedom
• Apa yangfrom
dapatforced labour
serikat andlakukan
pekerja the right to comprehensive socialvertikal
sosial baik secara security systems. This
maupun
organise.
dalam berkontribusi untuk mencapai Target means that 73% of the world’s population or
horisontal?
1.1 dan 1.2? some 5.2 billion people do not enjoy access
One of the key causes of poverty is the denial to comprehensive social protection – they are
of the right to social security enshrined in covered only partially or not at all.
article 22 of the Universal Declaration of
Human Rights. The lack of adequate levels of
social protection is associated with high and 2
ILO, World Social Protection Report 2014/15, Building
chronic poverty, insufficient investment in economic recovery, inclusive development and social
human capital and weak automatic stabilizers justice, Geneva, 2014

Trade Union Priority Targets and Indicators under Goal 1

Targets Indicators
1.1 By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all 1.1.1 Proportion of population below the international
people everywhere, currently measured as people poverty line, by sex, age, employment status and
living on less than $1.25 a day geographical location (urban/rural)

1.2 By 2030, reduce at least by half the 1.2.1 Proportion of population living below the national
proportion of men, women and children of all ages poverty line, by sex and age
living in poverty in all its dimensions according to
national definitions 1.2.2 Proportion of men, women and children of all ages
living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national
definitions

1.3 Implement nationally appropriate social 1.3.1 Proportion of population covered by social
protection systems and measures for all, including protection floors/systems, by sex, and distinguishing
floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage children, unemployed persons, older persons, persons
of the poor and the vulnerable with disabilities, pregnant women, newborns, work injury
victims, and the poor and the vulnerable

1.4 By 2030, ensure that all men and women, 1.4.1 Proportion of population living in households with
in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have access to basic services
equal rights to economic resources, as well as
access to basic services, ownership and control
over land and other forms of property, inheritance,
natural resources, appropriate new technology and
financial services, including microfinance

1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor 1.5.1 Number of deaths, missing and persons affected by
and those in vulnerable situations and reduce disaster per 100,000 people
their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related
extreme events and other economic, social and
environmental shocks and disasters

1.a Ensure significant mobilization of resources 1.a.1 Proportion of resources allocated by the government
from a variety of sources, including through directly to poverty reduction programmes
enhanced development cooperation, in order
to provide adequate and predictable means for 1.a.2 Proportion of total government spending on
developing countries, in particular least developed essential services (education, health and social protection)
countries, to implement programmes and policies
to end poverty in all its dimensions

64
PENIADAAN
KELAPARAN
Tujuan 2
2030 Agenda
l its forms
Goal 2 aims
by 2030.
callstofor
and in It seeks
endan hunger
all regions
Menghilangkan Kelaparan,
end and malnutrition
to ensure universal
2011, 753 million
$1.90access
adequatepeople
extreme poverty
continue,
amountsmovedof dietary
the threshold
above
energy.the
in China.
zero hunger target
If current trends
will be largely missed
underlinesto safe,
is enshrined
the nutritious
particularly
right to
in the of the
andsocial
Universal
Mencapai Ketahanan Pangan
sufficient food,
Most of the extreme
poor, all year round.
by 2030. So
It alsoin Sub-Saharan
be found
poverty
urgent in
andthe
Africa by
eradicate global hunger
world can
determined
and2030.in South
action is needed to

Human seeks
articularly
Rights.to double
producers,
the poor,
It also incomes
particularly
to have dan Gizi yang Baik, serta
calls of small-scale
Asia. food
women, including
According to the latest estimates, in
2012 South According
Asia hadto309 the Hunger
million Statistics
peopleofin the World Food
, and ownership
through securing
of productive
equal access to extreme
productivepoverty while1:Sub-Saharan Africa
Programme
ell as access
resources.
to basic services. Meningkatkan Pertanian
harboured 388.7 million people. So just
over 77.8% 1. Some
of the 795 million
extreme poor people
lived in in both
the world do not
y or absolute
Thanks to
“severe Goals,
poverty
deprivation
the Millennium
progressof has
can
basic
Berkelanjutan
Development
been made in2012,
regions. The estimates
the fight147 million
have enough
That’s
also food
of about
showedto lead
one in nine
the extreme poor
a healthy
that
people
in active life.
livedon earth.
. Since against
1990 globalthe Worldhunger. In the period in of
East
2005- Asia and the Pacific while 44 million
matically 2007,
triedtheto FAOdetermine
estimated global hungerlived in Latin2.America
The vastand majority of the world’s hungry
the Caribbean,
y line, based
at 837 on million
a measure
people. Today, 795and the Eastern people
million Europe live in developing
and Central Asia countries,
erty, which people
would
worldwide
determine
still lack regularcombined.
access to where 12.9 percent of the population is
xtreme poverty in the world. undernourished.
gy used is based on national While the global poverty line is important
onverted using purchasing for international3. Asia is the continent
comparison with the most hungry
and tracking
PPP) exchange rates (i.e. the of progress made people - two thirds extreme
in eradicating of the total. The percentage
of goods and services
2.a Increase investment, priced including poverty, your country’s in southern Asia has
national fallen line
poverty in recent years but
ross countries and converted
through enhanced internationalis more appropriate in western Asia it has
for advocacy and increased
policy slightly.
currency, namely in
cooperation, US$)rural1
.infrastructure,
engagement. Furthermore, while Target 1.1
poverty line of $1.25
agricultural a dayand extension
research 4. Sub-Saharan
focuses on extreme poverty, Africa
Target is 1.2
the region
calls with
in 2005, is used in Target
services, technology development 1.1 for a reduction the
of athighest
least prevalence
by half of (percentage
persons of
l. However, in October
and plant 2015gene banks
and livestock living in poverty population)
according of tohunger.
national One person in four there
obal povertyin orderline measuring
to enhance agriculturaldefinitions. This isTarget undernourished.
therefore means that
y was set at $1.90
productive by the
capacity in developing the task of eradicating poverty is not limited
is important to underline that
countries, in particular least to low-income 5. countries.
Poor nutrition causes
Middle nearly half (45%) of
Income
es in thedeveloped
figure, the real value
countries deaths in children
Countries and Developed countries under arefive - 3.1 million
also
day’s prices is the same as called to reduce children
the levels eachofyear.
poverty in their
5 prices. This global
2.b Correct and preventpoverty countries based on their nationally defined
trade restrictions
ue to change in the future.
and distortions in world agricultural poverty lines.6. One out of six children -- roughly 100 million
markets, including through the -- in developing countries is underweight.
he most parallel
recent elimination
World Bank of all formsWhereas
of Middle-Income countries tend
012, 896 million export
agricultural people lived and
subsidies to fix a moderate7. One poverty
in fourline
of the
of world’s
between children are stunted.
erty in the world on less than
all export measures with equivalent $1.90 PPP and In developing
$3.10 PPP countries
per capita the proportion can rise
o 12.7 effect,
percent of the world’s
in accordance with the per day, developed countries
to one in three.fix a relative
d in extrememandate poverty in 2012.
of the Doha Development poverty line which is set at 60 per cent of a
orld metRound the Millennium country’s relative women farmers
8. If median had the
disposable same access to
income.
Goal to cut the 1990 extreme Target 1.2 is relevantresources as men,
to all thesethe number of hungry in the
countries
half,2.cthe extent
Adopt of extreme
measures to ensure the proper world couldof
as it calls for a reduction beatreduced
least by byup to 150 million.
world is functioning of food commodity half the proportion of men, women and
still unacceptably
markets and their derivatives and children of all 9. ages living
66 million in poverty
primary school-age in children attend
facilitate timely access to market all its dimensions classes hungry
according to
across national
the developing world,
poverty information,
rates have including
declinedon food definitions, by 2030. with 23 million in Africa alone.
ogress has beeninuneven.
reserves, order to helpMostlimit
is attributed
extreme to food
declines in
price volatility All the definitions
10. WFP of calculates that US$3.2above
poverty mentioned billion is needed
y in China. Between 1981 and are income-based perpoverty measurements.
year to reach all 66 million hungry school-
However it is important
age children. to state that poverty
p://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/ is multidimensional. It covers a whole range
ty-line-faq of other issues besides the incomes of the
1
https://www.wfp.org/hunger/stats

3 9
7
Trade Union PENIADAAN
Tujuan 2
Priority Targets and Indicators under Goal 2
KELAPARAN
Targets Indicators
Menghilangkan Kelaparan,
2.1 By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by 2.1.1 Prevalence of undernourishment
all people, in particular the poor and people in Mencapai Ketahanan
2.1.2 Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity in
vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe,
nutritious and sufficient food all year round thePangan dan
population, based on theGizi yangExperience
Food Insecurity
Scale
2.3 By 2030, double the agricultural productivity Baik,
2.3.1 serta
Volume of productionMeningkatkan
per labour unit by classes of
and incomes of small-scale food producers, in
particular women, indigenous peoples, family Pertanian Berkelanjutan
farming/pastoral/forestry enterprise size

farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through 2.3.2 Average income of small-scale food producers, by
secure and equal access to land, other productive sex and indigenous status
resources and inputs, knowledge, financial
services, markets and opportunities for value
addition and non-farm employment

2.1 Pada 2030, menghilangkan kelaparan 2.4 Pada 2030 menjamin sistem produksi
dan menjamin Someaksesinstruments and documents
bagi semua orang, pangan relevant to Goal 2dan
yang berkelanjutan
khususnya orang miskin dan mereka yang menerapkan praktik pertanian tangguh
berada dalam kondisi rentan, termasuk yang mampu meningkatkan produksi
bayi, terhadap makanan yang aman, • Safety
dan and Health in Agriculture
produktivitas, membantu menjaga
ILO: Convention,
bergizi dan cukup sepanjang tahun. ekosistem,2001 (No. 184)
memperkuat kapasitas
• Right of Association (Agriculture) adaptasi terhadap perubahan iklim,
2.2 Pada 2030, menghilangkan segala • Social Protection Floors
Convention, 1921 (No. 11) cuaca ekstrem, kekeringan,
Recommendation, 2012 (No. 202)banjir dan
bentuk kekurangan gizi, termasuk pada bencana lainnya, serta secara progresif
2025 mencapai
• Rural Workers’target yang disepakati
Organisations memperbaiki
• Indigenous kualitas
and Tribal tanah dan lahan.
Peoples
secara internasional
Convention, 1975untuk anak pendek
(No. 141) Convention, 1989 (No. 169)
(stunting) dan kurus di bawah usia 2.5 Pada 2020 mengelola keragaman genetik
5•tahun,
Rural dan
Workers’ Organisations
memenuhi kebutuhan benih, Labour
• Maritime tanamanConvention,
budidaya dan hewan
2006
Recommendation, 1975 (No.
gizi remaja perempuan, ibu hamil dan 149) (MLC, 2006)
ternak juga peliharaan dan spesies
menyusui, serta manula.
• Seafarers’ Identity Documents liar terkait, termasuk melalui bank
• Allbenih
the fundamental
dan tanaman conventions
yang dikelola dan
2.3 PadaConvention (Revised), 2003
2030 menggandakan (No. 185)
produktivitas dianekaragamkan dengan baik di tingkat
pertanian
• Work indan pendapatan
Fishing produsen
Convention, 2007 nasional, regional dan internasional,
makanan skala kecil, khususnya
(No. 188) Humanserta Rights instruments:
meningkatkan akses terhadap
perempuan, masyarakat hukum adat, pembagian keuntungan yang adil dan
• Plantations
keluarga petani,Convention,
penggembala1958
dan • Universal Declaration of Human Rights
merata, hasil dari pemanfaatan sumber
(No. 110)
nelayan, termasuk melalui akses yang • International
daya genetik Covenant on Economic,
dan pengetahuan tradisional
aman dan sama terhadap lahan, sumber Social and
terkait, Cultural
sebagaimanaRights
disepakati secara
• Labour
daya Inspection
produktif (Agriculture)
dan input lainnya,
Convention,jasa1969 (No. 129) internasional.
pengetahuan, keuangan, pasar dan
peluang
• Minimumnilai Wage
tambah dan Machinery
Fixing pekerjaan non-
pertanian.
(Agriculture) Convention, 1951 PENIADAAN
(No. 99)
KELAPARAN

10
8
Tujuan 2 bertujuan menghilangkan kelaparan pun mulai terlihat. Pada periode 2005-2007,
2030 Agenda Goal 2 aims
callstofor endan hunger
end and malnutrition
2011, 753 millionadequatepeople
amountsmoved of dietary above
energy.the If current trends
dan malnutrisi pada 2030. Tujuan ini berupaya FAO memperkirakan angka kelaparan di
l its formsby 2030.
and in It seeks
all regions
to ensure universal $1.90 access
extreme poverty
continue, the threshold
zero hunger target in China. will be largely missed
untuk memastikan akses semesta terhadap seluruh dunia adalah 837 juta jiwa. Saat ini,
underlinesto safe,
the nutritious
right to andsocial
sufficient food,
Most of the extreme
by 2030. So poverty
urgent in andthe world can
determined action is needed to
pangan yang aman, bergizi dan cukup, terutama 795 juta jiwa di seluruh dunia masih tidak
is enshrined
particularly
in the of the
Universal
poor, all year round. It alsoin Sub-Saharan
be found eradicate global hunger Africa by and 2030.in South
bagi rakyat miskin sepanjang tahun. Juga memiliki akses cukup untuk mendapatkan
Human seeks Rights.to double
It also incomes
calls of small-scaleAsia. food
According to the latest estimates, in
berupaya menggandakan pendapatan produsen asupan energi yang dibutuhkan. Bila ini terus
articularly producers,
the poor, particularly
to have women, including
2012 South According
Asia hadto309 the Hunger
million Statistics
peopleofin the World Food
pangan skala kecil, terutama perempuan, berlanjut,1 target nol kelaparan akan sulit
, and ownership
through securing
of productive
equal access to extreme
productivepoverty while :Sub-Saharan Africa
Programme
termasuk menjamin akses yang setara terhadap tercapai pada 2030. Karenanya tindakan yang
ell as access
resources.
to basic services. harboured 388.7 million people. So just
sumber daya yang produktif. mendesak diperlukan untuk menghilangkan
over 77.8% 1. of theSome 795 million
extreme poor people
lived in in both
the world do not
kelaparan global pada 2030.
y or absolute
Thanks to poverty
the Millennium
can Development
regions. The estimates have enough also foodshowed to lead that a healthy
in active life.
Karena Tujuan Pembangunan Milenium,
“severe Goals,
deprivation
progressof has basic
been made in2012, the fight147 million That’sof about
the extremeone in nine poor people
livedon earth.
kemajuan dalam memerangi kelaparan global Menurut Statistik Kelaparan dari Program
. Since against
1990 globalthe Worldhunger. In the period in of
East
2005-Asia and the Pacific while 44 million
Pangan Dunia (WFP)6:
matically 2007,
triedtheto FAOdetermine
estimated global hunger lived in Latin2.AmericaThe vastand majority of the world’s hungry
the Caribbean,
y line, based
at 837 on million
a measure
people. Today, 795and million
the Eastern people
Europe liveandin developing
Central
1. Sebanyak 795 juta jiwa orang countries,
Asia di dunia
erty, which people
would
worldwide
determinestill lack regularcombined.
access to where
tidak memiliki makanan yangpopulation
12.9 percent of the cukup yangis
xtreme poverty in the world. undernourished.
mampu membuat mereka menjalani hidup
gy used is based on national While the global sehat poverty secara line is important
aktif. Jumlah ini sama dengan
onverted2.a using purchasing
Meningkatkan investasi, termasuk for 3.
international Asia is
comparison the continent
and with the most hungry
tracking
satu dari sembilan orang di muka bumi ini.
PPP) exchange rates (i.e. the
melalui kerjasama internasional yang of progress made people
in - two
eradicating thirds of the total. The percentage
extreme
of goods and
2.a Increase services
kuat,investment, priced
dalam infrastruktur including poverty,
perdesaan, your in southern
country’s Asia has
2. Sebagian banyak orang yang line
national fallen
poverty in recent years
kelaparan di but
ross countries
through andkajian
enhanced
layanan converted perluasanis more appropriate
international
dan in western
dunia for Asiadiitnegara-negara
iniadvocacy
hidup hasandincreased
policy slightly.
berkembang
currency, namely
cooperation, US$)
in rural 1
. engagement.
infrastructure,
pertanian, pengembangan teknologi Furthermore,
di mana 12,9 while
persen Target
populasinya 1.1
poverty line of $1.25 a dayand extension
agricultural 4. Sub-Saharan
focuses on extreme poverty, Africa
Target is 1.2
the
gizi.region
calls with
dan bankresearch
gen untuk tanaman dan mengalami kekurangan
in 2005, is used
services, in Target
technology 1.1
development for a reduction the
of at highest
least prevalence
by half of (percentage
persons of
ternak, untuk meningkatkan kapastias 3. Asia adalah benua dengan jumlah orang
l. However, in October
and plant andpertanian 2015gene banks
livestock living in poverty population)
according of tohunger.
national One person in four there
produktif di negara kelaparan terbesar dimeans dunia—dua
obal povertyin orderlineto measuring
enhance agricultural definitions. This is undernourished.
Target therefore thatpertiga
berkembang, khususnya negara kurang dari total. Persentase di Asia Selatan
y was set at $1.90
productive by the
capacity in developing the task of eradicating poverty is not limited
berkembang. mengalami penurunan dalam beberapa
is important to underline
countries, in particular least that to low-income 5. Poor
countries.nutrition Middlecauses nearly
Income half (45%) of
es in the2.b figure,
developed the real
countries
Memperbaiki danvaluemencegah Countries and Developed tahun terakhir,
deaths in children namun
countries underdi Asia
arefive Barat, angka
- 3.1 million
also
day’s prices pembatasan
is the same danas distorsi dalam ini
pasarto reduce children
called sedikit
the levels meningkat.
eachofyear.poverty in their
5 prices. This
2.b Correct global
and poverty
prevent trade
pertanian dunia, termasuk melalui countries
restrictions based on their nationally defined
4. Sub-Sahara Afrika merupakan kawasan
ue to change in
and distortionsthe
penghapusan future.
insecara
world bersamaan poverty
agriculturalsegala 6.
lines. One out of six children -- roughly 100 million
dengan prevalensi kelaparan tertinggi
markets,
bentuk including through
subsidi ekspor the
pertanian dan -- in developing countries is underweight.
he most parallel
recent World Bank Whereas (persentasecountries
Middle-Income populasi). Satu tenddari empat
elimination of all
semua tindakan ekspor dengan efek forms of
012, 896 million people lived fix a moderate
toThe 7. Oneorang indifour
poverty kawasan
line
of theofiniworld’s
mengalami
between children are stunted.
agricultural export
setara, sesuai subsidies
dengan and
amanat
erty in the world on less than $1.90 PPP and kekurangan
In developing
$3.10 PPP gizi.
countries
per capita the proportion can rise
all export measures with
Doha Development equivalent
Round.
o 12.7 effect,
percent of the world’s
in accordance with the per day, developed to one
5. Gizi countries
in three.
buruk menjadifix penyebab
a relative hampir
d in extreme2.c Mengadopsi
mandate poverty
of the Doha langkah-langkah
in 2012.Development untuk line which
poverty is set at 60
setengah (45%) dari kematianper cent of padaa anak-
orld metRound the menjamin
Millennium berfungsinya pasarcountry’s relative 8. If women
median farmers
disposable had
anak usia di bawah 5 tahun—sebanyak the same
income. access to
3,1
Goal to cut the komoditas
1990pangan extreme serta turunannya
Target 1.2 is relevant resources to as
all men,
these
juta anak setiap tahunnya. the number
countries of hungry in the
half,2.cthe dengan
extent
Adopt tepat,
of
measures todan
extreme ensurememfasilitasi
as itpada
the proper world couldof
calls for a reduction beatreduced
least by byup to 150 million.
stillwaktu
world is functioning yang
unacceptably tepatcommodity
of food akses terhadaphalf the proportion of men,
6. Satu dari women and
enam anak—sekitar 100 juta—
informasi
markets pasar,derivatives
and their children of all
termasuk informasi
and 9. ages
66
di negaraliving
million in poverty
primary
berkembang school-age in children
mengalami kurang attend
cadangan pangan,
facilitate timely access to market untuk all
membantuits dimensions classes
berat hungry
according
badan. to
across national
the developing world,
poverty information,
rates have including
mengatasi declined
volatilitasonharga definitions, by 2030.
foodpangan with 23 million in Africa alone.
ogress has been inuneven.
yang ekstrem.
reserves, order to help Mostlimit 7. Satu dari empat anak-anak di dunia
is attributed
extreme to food
declines in
price volatility All the definitions mengalami
10. WFP of calculates
poverty stunting (pendek).
mentioned
that US$3.2 Di negarais needed
billion
above
y in China. Between 1981 and are income-based berkembang,
perpoverty
year to reach proporsi
measurements. tersebut meningkat
all 66 million hungry school-
However it is importantdari satu
age children. menjadi tiga.
to state that poverty
p://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/ is multidimensional. It covers a whole range
ty-line-faq of other issues besides the incomes of the
1 6 https://www.wfp.org/hunger/stats
https://www.wfp.org/hunger/stats

3 9
8. Bila perempuan petani memiliki akses yang
Trade Union Priority Targets andnegara-negaraIndicatorsberkembang,
under Goaldi 2mana 23
sama terhadap sumber daya dengan laki- juta di antaranya berada di Afrika.
laki, maka jumlah orang yang kelaparan di
dunia bisa dikurangi Targets
hingga 150 juta jiwa. 10. WFP menghitung bahwa diperlukan
Indicators
US$3,2 miliar per tahunnya untuk
2.1 By 2030,
9. Tercatat 66 juta anak-anak
end hunger sekolah
and ensure dasar
access by 2.1.1 Prevalence of undernourishment
menjangkau semua 66 juta anak-anak
all people,
masuk in particular
sekolah dalam the poor and
keadaan people
lapar di in usia sekolah yang orkelaparan.
2.1.2 Prevalence of moderate
vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, severe food insecurity in
nutritious and sufficient food all year round the population, based on the Food Insecurity Experience
Scale
2.3 By 2030, double the agricultural productivity 2.3.1 Volume of production per labour unit by classes of
and incomes of small-scale food producers, in farming/pastoral/forestry enterprise size
Target dan Prioritas Serikat Pekerja pada Tujuan 2
particular women, indigenous peoples, family
farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through 2.3.2 Average income of small-scale food producers, by
secure and equal access to land, other productive sex and indigenous status
Target
resources and inputs, knowledge, financial Indikator
services, markets and opportunities for value
2.1 Padaand
addition 2030, menghilangkan
non-farm employment kelaparan 2.1.1 Prevalensi kurang gizi.
dan menjamin akses bagi semua orang,
khususnya orang miskin dan mereka yang 2.1.2 Prevalensi kekurangan pangan
berada dalam kondisi rentan, termasuk moderat atau parah pada populasi,
bayi, terhadapSome instruments
makanan and documents
yang aman, bergizi relevant
berdasarkan to Goal 2
Skala Pengalaman
dan cukup sepanjang tahun. Kekurangan Pangan.

• Safety and Health in Agriculture


2.3ILO:
Pada 2030 menggandakan 2.3.1 Volume produksi
Convention, 2001 (No. per184)
satuan pekerja
produktivitas pertanian dan pendapatan berdasarkan kelas ukuran perusahaan
• Rightmakanan
produsen of Association (Agriculture)
skala kecil, khususnya •perkebunan/pertanian/kehutanan.
Social Protection Floors
Convention,
perempuan, 1921 (No.
masyarakat hukum11)adat, Recommendation, 2012 (No. 202)
keluarga petani, penggembala dan nelayan, 2.3.2 Pendapatan rata-rata produsen
• Rural Workers’ Organisations •pangan
Indigenous
termasuk melalui 1975
akses (No.
yang 141)
aman dan skala and
kecilTribal Peoplesjenis
berdasarkan
Convention, Convention, 1989 (No. 169)
sama terhadap lahan, sumber daya kelamin dan status aslinya.
produktif
• Ruraldan input lainnya,
Workers’ pengetahuan,
Organisations • Maritime Labour Convention, 2006
jasa keuangan, pasar dan
Recommendation, peluang
1975 (No.nilai
149) (MLC, 2006)
tambah dan pekerjaan non-pertanian.
• Seafarers’ Identity Documents • All the fundamental conventions
Convention (Revised), 2003 (No. 185)
• Beberapa instrumen
Work in Fishing dan
Convention, 2007dokumen yang relevan dengan Tujuan 2
(No. 188) Human Rights instruments:
ILO: • Konvensi Dokumentasi Identitas Pelaut
• Plantations Convention, 1958 • Universal Declaration
(revisi), 2003 of Human Rights
(No. 185)
Semua(No.
Standar
110)ILO yang berkontribusi untuk • International Covenant on Economic,
pencapaian Tujuan 1. Terutama untuk • Konvensi Bekerja di Sektor Perikanan,
• Labour Inspection (Agriculture) Social and Cultural Rights
konvensi-konvensi berikut: 2007 (No. 188)
Convention, 1969 (No. 129)
• Konvensi Hak Berserikat (Pertanian), • Konvensi Perkebunan, 1958 (No. 110)
• Minimum Wage Fixing Machinery
1921, (No. 11)
(Agriculture) Convention, 1951 • Konvensi Inspeksi Ketenagakerjaan
(No. 99) (Pertanian), 1969 (No. 129)
• Konvensi Organisasi Pekerja Pedesaan,
1975 (No. 141)
• Konvensi Perangkat Pengatur Upah
• Rekomendasi Organisasi Pekerja Minimum (Pertanian), 1951, (No. 99)
Pedesaan, 1975 (No. 149)
• Konvensi Kesehatan dan Keselamatan
di Pertanian, 2001 (No. 184)

10
10
2030 Agenda Goal• 2Rekomendasi
aims
callstofor endan hunger
end andPerlindungan
Landasan malnutrition
2011, 753 million adequatepeople
amountsmoved of dietaryabove
energy.theIf current trends
Instrumen HAM:
l its formsby 2030.
and in It seeks
all regions
to ensure universal$1.90accessextreme poverty
continue, the threshold in China.
zero hunger target will be largely missed
Sosial, 2012 (No. 202)
underlinesto safe,the nutritious
right to andsocial
sufficient food,
Most of the extreme
by• 2030. poverty
So
Deklarasi urgent in
andthe
Universal world can
determined
HAM action is needed to
is enshrined
particularly
in the
of the
Universal
poor, all year
• Konvensi Masyarakat Asli dan Adat, round.
be It
found also in Sub-Saharan
eradicate global Africa
hunger and
by 2030. in South
Human seeks Rights. to double
1989 It(No.
also incomes
calls of small-scale
169) Asia. food
According • to the latest
Konvenan estimates,
Internasional in
Hak Ekonomi,
articularly producers,
the poor, particularly
to have women, including
2012 South According
AsiaSosial
hadtodan 309 Hunger
million
theBudaya Statistics
peopleofin the World Food
, and ownership
through securing
of productive
equal access
• Konvensi Ketenagakerjaan Maritim, to productive
extreme poverty while
Programme 1
:Sub-Saharan Africa
ell as access
resources.to basic
2006 (MLC,services.
2006) harboured 388.7 million people. So just
over 77.8% 1. of theSome 795 million
extreme poor people
lived in in both
the world do not
y or absolute
Thanks to
poverty
• Semua theKonvensi
Millennium
can Dasar Development
regions. The estimates have enough also food
showedto lead thata healthy
in active life.
“severe Goals,
deprivation
progressof has basic
been made in2012, the fight147 million That’sof about one in nine
the extreme poor people
livedon earth.
. Since against
1990 global the Worldhunger. In the period in of
East
2005- Asia and the Pacific while 44 million
matically 2007,triedtheto FAOdetermine
estimated global hungerlived in Latin2.America The vastand majority of the world’s hungry
the Caribbean,
Catatan:
y line, based
at 837 on million
a measure
people. Today, 795and the Eastern people
million Europe live
andin developing
Central Asia countries,
erty, which peoplewould
worldwide
determine
still lack regularcombined.
access to where 12.9 percent of the population is
• Bagaimanakah angka kelaparan dan malnutrisi di negara Anda?
xtreme poverty in the world. undernourished.
gy used• isApa basedyang on dapatnational
serikat pekerjaWhile
lakukanthe global
dalam poverty untuk
berkontribusi line is important
pencapaian Target 2.1 dan
onverted using 2.3? purchasing for international 3. Asia is the continent
comparison with the most hungry
and tracking
PPP) exchange rates (i.e. the of progress made people - two thirds extreme
in eradicating of the total. The percentage
of goods • Apakah
and serikat
services pekerja
priced
2.a Increase investment, including Anda membela
poverty, kepentingan
your inprodusen
country’ssouthern pangan
Asia
national skala
has kecil,
fallen
poverty interutama
linerecent years but
ross countries perempuan, masyarakat
and converted
through enhanced hukum adat, petani,
internationalis more appropriate penggarap lahan
in western dan nelayan?
Asia it has
for advocacy and Bila
increased tidak,
policy slightly.
currency, mengapa
namelytidak?
cooperation, US$)
in Bila
rural1 iya, bagaimana
.infrastructure, caranya? Furthermore, while Target 1.1
engagement.
poverty line of $1.25
agricultural a dayand extension
research focuses on extreme4. Sub-Saharan
poverty, AfricaTarget is 1.2
the region
calls with
in 2005, is used in Target
services, technology development 1.1 for a reduction the
of at highest
least prevalence
by half of (percentage
persons of
l. However, in October
and plant 2015gene banks
and livestock living in poverty population)
according of tohunger.
national One person in four there
obal povertyin order line measuring
to enhance agriculturaldefinitions. This isTarget undernourished.
therefore means that
y was set at $1.90
productive by the
capacity in developing the task of eradicating poverty is not limited
is important to underline that
countries, in particular least to low-income 5. countries.
Poor nutrition causes
Middle nearly half (45%) of
Income
es in thedeveloped
figure, the real value
countries Countries and Developed deaths in children
countries under arefive - 3.1 million
also
day’s prices is the same as called to reduce childrenthe levels eachofyear.
poverty in their
5 prices. This global
2.b Correct and preventpoverty countries based on their nationally defined
trade restrictions
ue to change in the future.
and distortions in world agricultural poverty lines.6. One out of six children -- roughly 100 million
markets, including through the -- in developing countries is underweight.
he most parallel
recent elimination
World Bank of all formsWhereas
of Middle-Income countries tend
012, 896 million export
agricultural people lived and
subsidies to fix a moderate 7. One poverty
in fourline of the
of world’s
between children are stunted.
erty in the world on less than
all export measures with equivalent $1.90 PPP and In developing
$3.10 PPP countries
per capita the proportion can rise
o 12.7 effect,
percent of the world’s
in accordance with the per day, developed to onecountries
in three.fix a relative
d in extrememandate poverty
of the Dohain 2012. Development poverty line which is set at 60 per cent of a
orld metRound the Millennium country’s relative women farmers
8. If median had the
disposable same access to
income.
Goal to cut the 1990 extreme Target 1.2 is relevant resources as men,
to all thesethe number of hungry in the
countries
half,2.cthe extent
Adopt of extreme
measures to ensure the proper world couldof
as it calls for a reduction beatreduced
least by byup to 150 million.
world is functioning
still unacceptablyof food commodity half the proportion of men, women and
markets and their derivatives and children of all 9. ages living
66 million in poverty
primary school-age in children attend
facilitate timely access to market all its dimensions classes hungry
according to
across national
the developing world,
poverty information,
rates have includingdeclinedon food definitions, by 2030. with 23 million in Africa alone.
ogress has beeninuneven.
reserves, order to help Mostlimit
is attributed
extreme to food
declines in
price volatility All the definitions
10. WFP of calculates that US$3.2above
poverty mentioned billion is needed
y in China. Between 1981 and are income-based perpoverty
year to reachmeasurements.
all 66 million hungry school-
However it is important age children. to state that poverty
p://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/ is multidimensional. It covers a whole range
ty-line-faq of other issues besides the incomes of the
1
https://www.wfp.org/hunger/stats

3 9
11
Catatan: Trade Union Priority Targets and Indicators under Goal 2

Targets Indicators
2.1 By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by 2.1.1 Prevalence of undernourishment
all people, in particular the poor and people in
vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, 2.1.2 Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity in
nutritious and sufficient food all year round the population, based on the Food Insecurity Experience
Scale
2.3 By 2030, double the agricultural productivity 2.3.1 Volume of production per labour unit by classes of
and incomes of small-scale food producers, in farming/pastoral/forestry enterprise size
particular women, indigenous peoples, family
farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through 2.3.2 Average income of small-scale food producers, by
secure and equal access to land, other productive sex and indigenous status
resources and inputs, knowledge, financial
services, markets and opportunities for value
addition and non-farm employment

Some instruments and documents relevant to Goal 2

• Safety and Health in Agriculture


ILO: Convention, 2001 (No. 184)
• Right of Association (Agriculture) • Social Protection Floors
Convention, 1921 (No. 11) Recommendation, 2012 (No. 202)
• Rural Workers’ Organisations • Indigenous and Tribal Peoples
Convention, 1975 (No. 141) Convention, 1989 (No. 169)
• Rural Workers’ Organisations • Maritime Labour Convention, 2006
Recommendation, 1975 (No. 149) (MLC, 2006)
• Seafarers’ Identity Documents • All the fundamental conventions
Convention (Revised), 2003 (No. 185)
• Work in Fishing Convention, 2007
(No. 188) Human Rights instruments:
• Plantations Convention, 1958 • Universal Declaration of Human Rights
(No. 110) • International Covenant on Economic,
• Labour Inspection (Agriculture) Social and Cultural Rights
Convention, 1969 (No. 129)
• Minimum Wage Fixing Machinery
(Agriculture) Convention, 1951
(No. 99)

10
12
KESEHATAN
YANG BAIK
Tujuan 3
2030 Agenda calls Trade
for an
l its forms and in all regions
Union Menjamin Kehidupan yang
end Priority 2011,Targets753 and
millionIndicators
people under
$1.90 extreme poverty threshold in China.
movedGoal above 3 the
underlines the right toTargets
is enshrined in the Universal
social
Sehat dan Meningkatkan
Most of the extreme poverty
be found in Sub-Saharan Africa and in South
in the world can
Indicators
Human Rights.
3.3 By 2030,
tuberculosis,
It end
alsothecalls
malaria
articularly the poor, to have and neglected Kesejahteraan Seluruh
epidemics of AIDS,Asia. According
tropical
diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne
uninfected
to the
3.3.1 Number of new
population,
2012 South Asia had 309 million people
latest
by sex,
estimates,
HIV infections
age
per 1,000
and key
in
in
, and ownership of productive extreme poverty while Sub-Saharan Africa
diseases and other communicable diseases
ell as access to basic services. Penduduk di Semua Usia
populations
harboured 388.7 million people. So just
3.3.2
over 77.8% ofTuberculosis
the extreme incidence per 1,000
poor livedpopulation
in both
y or absolute poverty can regions. The 3.3.3 Malaria incidence per 1,000 population in
estimates also showed that
“severe deprivation of basic 2012, 147 million of the extreme poor lived
. Since 1990 the World in East Asia 3.3.4 Hepatitis
and the BPacific
incidence while
per 100,000
44 population
million
matically tried to determine lived in Latin3.3.5 America
Number of people andrequiring
the Caribbean,
interventions against
y line, based on a measure and the Eastern
neglected Europe and Central Asia
tropical diseases
erty, which would determine combined.3.7.1 Proportion of women of reproductive age (aged
3.7 By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual
xtreme poverty in the world.
and reproductive health-care services, including 15-49 years) who have their need for family planning
gy used for
is family
based on national
planning, While the satisfied
information and education, globalwith poverty line is important
modern methods
onverted andusing purchasing
the integration of reproductive healthforinto
international comparison and tracking
national strategies
PPP) exchange rates (i.e.and programmes
the of progress made in eradicating extreme
of goods3.8 and services priced
Achieve universal health coverage, poverty,
including your
3.8.1country’s national
Coverage of essential healthpoverty line as
services (defined
ross countries and converted
financial risk protection, access to is more appropriate for advocacy and policy
quality essential the average coverage of essential services based on tracer
health-care
currency, namely US$) .services and engagement. Furthermore, while Target 1.1newborn
1 access to safe, effective, interventions that include reproductive, maternal,
quality and affordable essential medicines and and child health, infectious diseases, noncommunicable
poverty line of $1.25 a day focuses on extreme poverty, Target 1.2 calls
vaccines for all diseases and service capacity and access, among the
in 2005, is used in Target 1.1 for a reduction of the
general and at most
least by half of
disadvantaged persons
population)
l. However, in October 2015 living in poverty according to national
obal poverty line measuring definitions. 3.8.2 Number
This Targetof people covered by means
therefore health insurance
that or a
public health system per 1,000 population
y was set at $1.90 by the the task of eradicating poverty is not limited
is important
3.9 By to
2030,underline
substantiallythat to low-income
reduce the number of countries.
3.9.1 Mortality Middle
rate attributed Income
to household and ambient
deaths and illnesses
es in the figure, the real value from hazardous chemicals air pollution
Countries and Developed countries are also
and air, water and soil pollution and contamination
day’s prices is the same as called to reduce the rate
3.9.2 Mortality levels of poverty
attributed in their
to unsafe water, unsafe
5 prices. This global poverty countries sanitation
based on their
and lack nationally
of hygiene (exposuredefined
to unsafe WASH
ue to change in the future. poverty lines.services)

3.9.3 Mortality rate attributed to unintentional poisoning


he most recent World Bank Whereas Middle-Income countries tend
012, 896 3.c million
Substantially increase lived
people health financing and a
to fix 3.c.1 Healthpoverty
themoderate worker density
lineandofdistribution
between
recruitment, development, training and retention
erty in the world on less than $1.90 PPP and $3.10 PPP per capita
of the health workforce in developing countries,
o 12.7 percent
especially inof the
least world’s
developed day, developed countries fix a relative
persmall
countries and
d in extreme povertyStates
island developing in 2012. poverty line which is set at 60 per cent of a
orld met the Millennium country’s relative median disposable income.
3.d Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in 3.d.1 International Health Regulations (IHR) capacity and
Goal to cut the 1990 extreme
particular developing countries, for earlyTarget
warning,1.2health
is relevant to all these countries
emergency preparedness
half, therisk extent
reductionofand
extreme andcalls for a reduction of at least by
as it
management of national
world is still
global unacceptably
health risks half the proportion of men, women and
children of all ages living in poverty in
all its dimensions according to national
poverty rates have declined definitions, by 2030.
ogress has been uneven. Most
is attributed to declines in All the definitions of poverty mentioned above
y in China. Between 1981 and are income-based poverty measurements.
However it is important to state that poverty
p://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/ is multidimensional. It covers a whole range
ty-line-faq of other issues besides the incomes of the

3 17
13
with a global under-five mortality
KESEHATAN
43 per 1,000 live births.YANG
The BAIK
rate of
neonatal Tujuan 3
• Total official flows from all providers for
medical research and basic health sectors
mortality rate, that is, the likelihood of were $8.9 billion in 2014. Within this
dying in the first 28 days of life, declined Menjamin Kehidupan yang
total, official development assistance
from 31 deaths per 1,000 live births in (ODA) from DAC donors was $4.5 billion
2000 to 19 deaths per 1,000 live births Sehat dan Meningkatkan
in 2014, an increase of 20 per cent in real
in 2015. Over that period, progress in terms since 2010. In 2014, $1 billion was
the rate of child survival among children Kesejahteraan Seluruh
spent on malaria control and $1.2 billion
aged 1 to 59 months outpaced advances Penduduk di Semua Usia
was spent on other infectious diseases,
in reducing neonatal mortality; as a excluding AIDS.
result, neonatal deaths now represent a
larger share (45 per cent) of all under-five • Of all deaths among persons under the age
deaths. of 70, commonly referred to as premature
deaths, an estimated 52 per cent were as a
• In the area of preventing unintended result of non-communicable diseases. Over
pregnancy worldwide, in 2015, three quarters of premature deaths were
approximately 3 in 4 women of caused by cardiovascular disease, cancer,
reproductive age (15 to 49
3.1 Pada 2030, mengurangi rasio angka years of age) 3.6diabetes and chronic
Pada 2020, respiratory
mengurangi hinggadisease.
setengah
who were married or in union
kematian ibu hingga kurang dari 70 per satisfied their Globally,
jumlah kematian global dan from
premature mortality cedera those
akibat
need for family planning
100.000 kelahiran hidup. by using modern four main categories of
kecelakaan lalu lintas. non-communicable
contraceptive methods; in sub-Saharan disease declined by 15 per cent between
Africa2030,
3.2 Pada and Oceania,
mengakhiri however,
kematianthe share
bayi was 3.72000 Padaand 2012.
2030, menjamin akses universal
less than
baru lahir half. Childbearing
dan mencegah in adolescence
kematian terhadap layanan kesehatan seksual dan
has steadily
balita, dengan declined
seluruhin almost
negara all regions,
berusaha Thisreproduksi,
Goal is clearly also tied
termasuk in to Goal
keluarga 1.3 on
berencana,
but wide disparities
menurunkan persist: inNeonatal
Angka Kematian 2015, the achieving adequate
informasi social protection
dan pendidikan, serta for all.
birth rate among
setidaknya hinggaadolescent
12 per 1000 girls aged 15
kelahiran Furthermore, Targetkesehatan
terintegrasinya 3c underlines the crucial
reproduksi ke
to 19 (KH)
hidup ranged
danfrom 7 births
Angka per 1,000
Kematian Balitagirls importance of recruitment,
dalam strategi dan programdevelopment,
nasional.
in Eastern
25 per 1000.Asia to 102 births per 1,000 training and retention of the health workforce
girls in sub-Saharan Africa. 3.8 Mencapai countries
in developing cakupan kesehatan
if this goaluniversal,
is to be
3.3 Pada 2030, mengakhiri epidemi AIDS, termasuk perlindungan
achieved. This includes ensuringrisiko decent
keuangan,
tuberkulosis, malaria dan penyakit aksesconditions
working terhadap for
pelayanan
workerskesehatan
in the health
tropis yang terabaikan, dan memerangi dasar
sector yang baik,
including theirdan akses
right terhadap
to organise and
hepatitis, penyakit bersumber air serta obat-obatan dan
bargain collectively. vaksin dasar yang aman,
penyakit menular lainnya. efektif, berkualitas dan terjangkau bagi
semua orang.
3.4 Pada 2030, mengurangi hingga sepertiga
angka kematian dini akibat penyakit 3.9 Pada 2030, secara signifikan mengurangi
tidak menular, melalui pencegahan jumlah kematian dan penyakit akibat
dan pengobatan, serta meningkatkan bahan kimia berbahaya serta polusi dan
kesehatan mental dan kesejahteraan. kontaminasi udara, air dan tanah.
3.5 Memperkuat pencegahan dan 3.a Memperkuat pelaksanaan The Framework
pengobatan penyalahgunaan zat, Convention on Tobacco Control WHO di
termasuk penyalahgunaan narkotika seluruh negara sebagai langkah yang
dan penggunaan alkohol yang KESEHATAN tepat.
membahayakan. YANG BAIK

16
14
Tujuan 3 berupaya menjamin hidup yang sehat Laporan PBB7 mengenai kemajuan
2030 Agenda calls Tradefor an Unionend Priority 2011, Targets753 andmillionIndicators
people under movedGoal above 3 the
dan kesejahteraan semua manusia pada setiap pemenuhan Tujuan Pembangunan
l its forms and in all regions $1.90 extreme poverty threshold in China.
tahapan hidup mereka. Juga mengangkat semua Berkelanjutan menggambarkan kemajuan
underlines the right toTargets social Most of the extreme poverty in the world can
Indicators
prioritas kesehatan yang utama, seruan untuk dalam pencapaian tujuan kesehatan dari MDG
is enshrined in the Universal be found in Sub-Saharan Africa and in South
memberikan perlindungan kesehatan semesta hingga saat ini. Beberapa tren penting adalah
Human Rights.3.3 By 2030, It end
also thecalls
epidemics of AIDS, Asia. According to the
3.3.1 Number of new latest estimates,
HIV infections per 1,000 in
bagi semua, meningkatkan
tuberculosis, malaria and pendanaan
neglected tropical sektor uninfected sebagai berikut:
population, by sex, age and key
articularly the poor, to have 2012 South Asia had 309 million people in
kesehatan
diseases and untuk
combatmengamankan perekrutan,
hepatitis, water-borne
, and ownership of productive extreme poverty while Sub-Saharan
• Karena MDG, kejadian penyakit infeksius
populations Africa
pengembangan,
diseases and otherpelatihan
communicabledan retensi
diseasestenaga
ell as access to basic services. harboured 388.7utama million people.
termasuk HIV, So just
tuberkulosis dan
kesehatan, dan memperkuat kapasitas 3.3.2 Tuberculosis incidence per 1,000 population
over 77.8% of the extreme poor lived in both
semua negara dalam upaya pengurangan dan malaria menurun secara global sejak tahun
y or absolute poverty can regions. The 3.3.3estimates
Malaria incidencealso showed that in
2000. Padaper 1,000
2015 population
secara global, jumlah
“severe pengelolaan
deprivation risiko kesehatan.
of basic 2012, 147 million of the extreme poor lived
3.3.4 kasusB infeksi
Hepatitis incidence HIVperbaru
100,000di kalangan semua
. Since 1990 the World in East Asia and the Pacific while 44 population
million
penduduk adalah 0,3 infeksi baru per
matically tried to determine lived in Latin 3.3.5 America
Number and the Caribbean,
of people
1.000 orangrequiring
yang tidak interventions
terinfeksi; against
2,1
y line, based on a measure and the Eastern neglected Europe
tropical diseasesand Central Asia
juta orang terinfeksi pada tahun tersebut.
erty, which would determine combined.3.7.1 Proportion of women of reproductive age (aged
3.7 By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual Angka kejadian HIV tertinggi terjadi di Sub-
xtreme poverty in the world.
and reproductive health-care services, including 15-49 years) who have their di
need for family planning
Sahara Afrika, mana 1,5 kasus infeksi
gy used for is family
based on national
planning, While the satisfied
information and education, globalwith poverty line is important
modern methods
baru per 1.000 orang yang tidak terinfeksi.
onverted3.b using
and purchasing
the integration
Mendukung dan for international comparison and tracking
of reproductive health
penelitian
into
PPP) exchange national strategies and
rates (i.e.vaksin programmes
the serta obat of progress made in eradicating extreme
pengembangan • Pada 2014, terdapat 9,6 juta kasus baru
of goods3.8 and services
Achieve universal priced
health coverage,
penyakit menular dan tidak menular poverty,
including your
3.8.1 country’s
tuberkulosis
Coverage of national
essential(133
health poverty
kasus line as
per(defined
services 100.000
ross countries yangand
financial risk
terutama converted
protection, access
berpengaruh
to qualityis more appropriate
essential
terhadap
the average forterlaporkan
coverage
orang) advocacy
of essential di and
services policy
based
seluruh on tracer
dunia, di
health-care
currency, namely services
US$) and 1 access to safe, effective,
. engagement. interventions that
Furthermore, include reproductive,
while maternal,
Target 1.1 newborn
negara
quality berkembang, menyediakan mana infectious
58 persen di antaranya berada di
poverty line ofand$1.25affordable essential
a day medicines and
focuses on and child health,
extreme kawasan poverty, diseases,
Target
Asia Tenggara
noncommunicable
1.2
danamongcalls
Pasifik
akses
vaccines forterhadap
all obat dan vaksin dasar diseases and service capacity and access, the Barat.
in 2005, is used in Target 1.1 for a reduction general of the
and at most
least by half of
disadvantaged persons
population)
yang terjangkau sesuai dengan The
l. However, in October 2015 living in poverty • Hampir
according setengah populasi dunia berisiko
to national
Doha Declaration tentang The TRIPS 3.8.2 Number of people
obal poverty line measuring definitions. This mengalami Target therefore malaria by
covered health
dan,
meanspadainsurance
2015or a
that
Agreement and Public Health, yang public health system per 1,000 population
y was set at $1.90 by the the task of eradicating angka kejadiannya
poverty is91not kasus baru per
limited
menegaskan hak negara berkembang
is important3.9 By to
2030, underline
substantiallythat to low-income
reduce the number of 1.000
countries.
3.9.1 Mortality rateorang yangtoberisiko,
Middle
attributed Income
household diperkirakan
and ambient
untuk menggunakan secarachemicals
penuh
es in the deaths
figure,and theillnesses
real from hazardous
value Countries air andpollution
Developed
sebanyak 214 countries
juta kasus. are also
Sub-Sahara
ketentuan dalam Kesepakatan
and air, water and soil pollution and contamination atas
day’s prices is the same as called to reduce3.9.2 Mortality rate attributed to unsafe water,their
the
Afrika levels of
bertanggungjawabpoverty in
atas 89 persen
unsafe
Aspek-aspek Perdagangan dari
5 prices. This global poverty countries sanitation
based seluruh
on their
and lack of nationally
kasus
hygienemalaria
(exposuredidefined
dunia,
to unsafediWASHmana
Hak Kekayaan Intelektual terkait
ue to change in the future. poverty lines. services) angka kejadiannya adalah 235 kasus per
keleluasaan untuk melindungi
1.000
3.9.3 Mortality rateorang yangtoberisiko.
attributed unintentional Pada 2014,
poisoning
he most recent kesehatan
Worldmasyarakat,
Bank dan khususnya
Whereas Middle-Income setidaknyacountries1,7 miliar orang tenddi 185 negara
012, 896 menyediakan
3.c million
Substantially people akses
increase obatfinancing
health
lived bagitosemua.
and a
fix 3.c.1 Health
themoderate worker density
poverty lineand ofdistribution
between
membutuhkan perawatan setidaknya untuk
recruitment, development, training and retention
erty in the 3.c world
Meningkatkanon less than $1.90 PPP and $3.10 PPP per capita
satu jenis penyakit tropis terabaikan.
of the health workforcesecara signifikan
in developing countries,
o 12.7 percent
especially inof
pembiayaan the
least world’s
kesehatan
developed dan rekrutmen,
countries and day, developed countries fix a relative
persmall
d in extreme island povertyStates
developing in 2012. poverty line which • Karena is set MDG, at 60antara pertahuncent2000 of ahingga
pengembangan, pelatihan dan
orld met the Millennium 2015, rasio
country’s relative median disposable income. kematian ibu global, atau
retensi
3.d Strengthen tenaga kesehatan
the capacity di negara
of all countries, in 3.d.1 International Health Regulations (IHR) capacity and
Goal to cut the 1990 extreme jumlahto kematian padacountries
ibu per 100.000
berkembang,
particular developing khususnya earlyTarget
countries, fornegara kurang
warning, 1.2health
is relevant all these
emergency preparedness
half, therisk extent
reduction ofand extreme
management as it kelahiran
andcalls for a reduction of at least by hidup menurun sebesar 37
berkembang dan negaraof berkembang
national
world is stillglobal unacceptably persen
half the proportion of men, women and dari rasio yang diperkirakan sebesar
dihealth
pulaurisks kecil.
children of all ages 216 per 100.000
living kelahiran in
in poverty hidup pada
3.d Memperkuat kapasitas semuaall its dimensions
negara, 2015. Secara global,
according 3 dari 4 kelahiran
to national
poverty rates have declined
khususnya negara berkembang definitions,
tentang dibantu oleh tenaga kesehatan yang
by 2030.
ogress has been peringatan uneven. Most
dini, pengurangan risiko terampil pada 2015. Angka kematian
is attributeddan to manajemen
declines in risiko kesehatan All the definitions of poverty mentioned above
y in China. nasional
Between dan1981global.and are income-based 7 UN, poverty measurements.
Progress towards the Sustainable Development
However it is important Goals, Report toofstate poverty
that General,
the Secretary High-Level
p://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/ is multidimensional. Political It covers
Forum on a whole
Sustainable range
Development,
ty-line-faq of other issues besides diselenggarakan di bawah panduan
the incomes of the Dewan Ekonomi
dan Sosial, 2016, hal 5-7.

3 17
15
balita turun secara drastis dari tahun • Aliran dana dari seluruh penyedia layanan
with a global under-five mortality rate of • Total official flows from all providers for
2000 hingga 2015 menjadi 44 persen kesehatan untuk penelitian maupun sektor
43 per 1,000 live births. The neonatal medical research and basic health sectors
di tingkat global. Namun diperkirakan kesehatan dasar adalah sebesar $8.9
mortality rate, that is, the likelihood of were $8.9 billion in 2014. Within this
sebanyak 5,9 juta anak balita meninggal milliar pada 2014. Dari total ini, bantuan
dying in the first 28 days of life, declined total, official development assistance
dunia pada 2015, di mana angka kematian pembangunan resmi (ODA) dari donor-donor
from 31 deaths per 1,000 live births in (ODA) from DAC donors was $4.5 billion
balita adalah 43 per 1.000 kelahiran DAC adalah sebesar $4,5 miliar pada
2000 to 19 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2014, an increase of 20 per cent in real
hidup. Angka kematian bayi baru lahir atau 2014, atau meningkat sebesar 20 persen
in 2015. Over that period, progress in terms since 2010. In 2014, $1 billion was
kemungkinan anak meninggal dunia pada sejak tahun 2010. Pada 2014, $1 miliar
the rate of child survival among children spent on malaria control and $1.2 billion
28 hari pertama kehidupannya menurun dibelanjakan untuk pengendalian malaria
aged 1 to 59 months outpaced advances was spent on other infectious diseases,
dari 31 kematian per 1.000 kelahiran dan $ 1,2 miliar dibelanjakan untuk
in reducing neonatal mortality; as a excluding AIDS.
hidup pada
result, 2000 menjadi
neonatal deaths now19 kematian
represent a penyakit infeksius lainnya, termasuk AIDS.
perlarger
1.000 kelahiran
share (45 perhidup
cent)padaof all2015.
under-five
Pada periode ini, kemajuan terlihat dalam • • Dari
Of allsemua
deathskematian
among persons underpada
yang terjadi the age
deaths. of 70, commonly
kelompok as premature
referred70totahun,
usia di bawah
jumlah anak-anak berusia 1 hingga 59 deaths, an estimated 52 per cent were as a
atau sering dikenal sebagai kematian
•bulan yang
In the hidup
area semakin meningkat
of preventing unintended dini, diperkirakan sebanyak 52 persen Over
result of non-communicable diseases.
melampaui
pregnancyupaya dalam in
worldwide, mengurangi
2015, three quarters of penyakit
premature deaths were
kematian pada bayi baru lahir. Alhasil diakibatkan oleh tidak menular.
approximately 3 in 4 women of caused by
Selama tigacardiovascular
kuartal kematian disease,
dini cancer,
kematian bayi baru
reproductive lahirtokini
age (15 49 memiliki
years of age) diabetes and chronic respiratory disease.
proporsi yangmarried
lebih besar diakibatkan oleh penyakit kardiovaskular,
who were or in (45
unionpersen) daritheir
satisfied Globally, premature mortality from
kanker, diabetes dan penyakit pernapasan those
seluruh kematian
need for family balita.
planning by using modern four main categories of non-communicable
kronis. Secara global, kematian dini dari
contraceptive
• Dalam methods;kehamilan
bidang mencegah in sub-Saharan
yang diseasekategori
empat declined by 15 per
penyakit cent
tidak between
menular itu
Africa and Oceania, however,
tidak diinginkan di seluruh dunia pada the share was 2000 and 2012.
menurun sebesar 15 persen antara tahun
less than half. Childbearing in adolescence
2015 diperkirakan 3 dari 4 perempuan 2000 dan 2012.
has steadily declined in almost all regions, This Goal is clearly also tied in to Goal 1.3 on
pada usia produktif (15 hingga 49 tahun)
but wide disparities persist: in 2015, the
yang menikah atau memiliki hubungan
achieving
Tujuan ini juga sangatsocial
adequate protection
erat dengan for all.
Tujuan
birth rate among adolescent girls aged 15 Furthermore,
1.3 mengenai Target 3c underlines
pencapaian the crucial
perlindungan sosial
memenuhi kebutuhan mereka akan
to 19 ranged from 7 births per 1,000 girls yang importance
adil ofsemua.
bagi recruitment, development,
Terlebih lagi, Target 3c
keluarga berencana dengan menggunakan
in Eastern Asia to 102 births per 1,000 training and retention of the health
semakin menyoroti pentingnya perekrutan, workforce
metode kontrasepsi moderen; namun di
girls in sub-Saharan Africa. in developing countries
pengembangan, pelatihanif dan
this retensi
goal is to be
tenaga
kawasan Sub-Sahara Afrika dan Oseania,
achieved.di
kesehatan This includes ensuring
negara-negara decentbila
berkembang
proporsinya kurang dari setengah.
working
ingin conditions
mencapai for tersebut.
tujuan workers inTermasuk
the health
Kehamilan pada masa remaja mengalami
sector including their right to organise
memastikan kondisi kerja yang layak bagi and
penurunan hampir di seluruh kawasan,
bargain
para collectively.
pekerja di sektor kesehatan termasuk
namun disparitas yang luas tetap terjadi:
pada 2015, angka kelahiran di kalangan juga hak mereka berserikat dan melakukan
remaja perempuan usia 15 hingga 19 perundingan bersama.
tahun berkisar dari 7 kelahiran per 1.000
anak perempuan di Asia Timur menjadi
102 kelahiran per 1.000 anak perempuan
di Sub-Sahara Afrika.

16
16
2030 Agenda calls Target
Trade for an dan
Union Indikator
end Priority2011,Prioritas
Targets
753 and Serikat
million Pekerja
Indicators
people under dalamGoal
moved Tujuan
above 3 the 3
l its forms and in all regions $1.90 extreme poverty threshold in China.
Target Indikator
underlines the right toTargets social Most of the extreme poverty in the world can
Indicators
is enshrined in the
3.3 Pada 2030,Universal
mengakhiri epidemi be found AIDS,in Sub-Saharan
3.3.1 Jumlah infeksi AfricaHIV and in per
baru South1.000
Human Rights.3.3 By 2030, It also
tuberkulosis, end the callsdan penyakit
malariaepidemics of Asia.
AIDS, According
tropis 3.3.1 to theyang
Number
populasi of new latest
HIVtidakestimates,
infections per 1,000 in
terinfeksi berdasarkan
tuberculosis, malariato and
articularly theterabaikan,
yang poor, danneglected
have memerangi
diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne
tropical
2012 South
hepatitis, uninfected
jenispopulation,
Asia had
kelamin,309 by sex, age andpeople
million
usia dan key
populasi in
kunci.
, and ownershippenyakit of productive extreme poverty while Sub-Saharan Africa
diseases and bersumber
other communicable air serta penyakit
diseases populations
ell as access to basic
menular lainnya. services. harboured 388.7 3.3.2million people.tuberkulosis
Angka kejadian So just per
3.3.2 Tuberculosis
over 77.8% of1.000 populasi. poor livedpopulation
the extreme incidence per 1,000 in both
y or absolute poverty can regions. The 3.3.3 Malaria incidence per 1,000 population in
estimates also showed that
“severe deprivation of basic 2012, 147 million 3.3.3 Angkaof thekejadianextreme malaria
poorper 1.000
lived
. Since 1990 the World in East Asia 3.3.4 Hepatitis
and the BPacific
populasi. incidence while per 100,00044 population
million
matically tried to determine lived in Latin 3.3.5 America
Number of people andrequiring
the Caribbean,
interventions against
y line, based on a measure and the Eastern 3.3.4
neglected Angka
Europe
tropical kejadian
and
diseases hepatitis
Central Asia B per
erty, which would determine 100.000 populasi.
combined.3.7.1 Proportion
3.7 By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual of women of reproductive age (aged
xtreme poverty in the world.
and reproductive health-care services, including 15-49 years) who have their need for family planning
gy used for is family
based on national
planning, While the satisfied
information and education, global3.3.5 Jumlahmethods
poverty
with modern orangisyang
line membutuhkan
important
onverted using purchasing
and the integration of reproductive health into intervensi
for international comparison and trackingterhadap penyakit tropis
national strategies
PPP) exchange rates (i.e. the and programmes terabaikan.
of progress made in eradicating extreme
of goods3.8 and services priced
Achieve universal health coverage, poverty, including your
3.8.1country’s national
Coverage of essential healthpoverty line as
services (defined
3.7 Pada
ross countries and converted
financial risk 2030
protection, menjamin
access to akses
quality universal
essential the 3.7.1
average Proporsi
is more appropriate for advocacy and policy
coverage of perempuan
essential usia
services produktif
based on tracer
health-care
currency,terhadap services
namelylayanan and
US$) kesehatan
1
.access to safe, effective,
seksual dan
engagement. interventions that include
(usia 15-49 tahun)
Furthermore, reproductive,
while yangTarget maternal,
1.1newborn
menggunakan
quality and
reproduksi, affordable
termasuk essential medicines and and child health, infectious diseases, noncommunicable
poverty line of $1.25 a day keluarga focuses berencana,on extreme alat kontrasepsi
poverty,moderen Target untuk keluarga
1.2 calls
vaccines for all diseases and service capacity and access, among the
in 2005, is informasi
used in danTarget
pendidikan,1.1 danfor integrasi
a reduction berencana.
of at least by half
general and the most disadvantaged population) of persons
l. However, kesehatan
in October reproduksi2015 ke dalamlivingstrategiindan poverty according to national
obal poverty program
line nasional.
measuring definitions. 3.8.2 Number
This of people
Target covered by means
therefore health insurance
that or a
public health system per 1,000 population
y was set at $1.90 by the the task of eradicating poverty is not limited
is important3.9 By to
2030, underline
substantially
3.8 Mencapai cakupan kesehatan that
reduce the to low-income
number of
universal, countries.
3.9.1 Mortality
3.8.1 Middle
rate attributed
Cakupan layanan Income
to household
kesehatan and ambient
penting
deaths
es in the figure, and illnesses
the from hazardous
real valuerisiko keuangan,chemicals air
Countries and (yang pollution
Developed countries are also
termasuk perlindungan
and air, water and soil pollution and contamination
ditentukan sebagai cakupan rata-rata
day’s prices is the same as called
akses terhadap pelayanan kesehatan dasar 3.9.2 Mortality to reduce the
layananrate levels
penting of
attributed poverty
berdasarkan in their
intervensi
to unsafe water, unsafe
5 prices. This yang global
baik, dan poverty
akses terhadap countries based
obat-obatansanitation yang on their
andtermasuk
lack nationally
di dalamnya
of hygiene (exposure defined
layanan
to unsafe WASH
ue to change in thedasar
dan vaksin future.yang aman, efektif,poverty lines. services)
reproduksi, maternal, bayi baru lahir dan
berkualitas dan terjangkau bagi semua anak, penyakit
3.9.3 Mortality infeksius,
rate attributed penyakitpoisoning
to unintentional tidak
he most recent orang. World Bank Whereas Middle-Income countries
menular dan kemampuan serta akses tend
012, 896 3.c million
Substantially increase lived
people health financing and a
to fix 3.c.1 Healthpoverty
themoderate worker densitylineand of distribution
betweenumum dan
recruitment, development, training and retention layanan di kalangan masyarakat
erty in the world on less than $1.90 PPP and $3.10 PPP
yang paling terpinggirkan). per capita
of the health workforce in developing countries,
o 12.7 percent
especially inof the
least world’s
developed persmall
countries and day, developed countries fix a relative
d in extreme povertyStates
island developing in 2012. poverty line which 3.8.2 is set at
Jumlah 60 yang
orang per terlindungi
cent of a oleh
orld met the Millennium country’s relative median
asuransi kesehatan disposable
atau sistem income.
kesehatan
3.d Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in 3.d.1 International Health Regulations (IHR) capacity and
Goal to cut the 1990 extreme
particular developing countries, for early warning,Target 1.2 is relevant
health masyarakat to all these
per 1.000 populasi.
emergency preparedness countries
half, therisk extent
reductionofand extreme
management of national as it andcalls for a reduction of at least by
world is still 3.9 unacceptably
global health
Pada risks2030, secara signifikan half the proportion 3.9.1 Angka of men, mortalitas women and
yang disebabkan
mengurangi jumlah kematian dan penyakit children of all ages living in
oleh polusi rumah tangga dan udara.poverty in
akibat bahan kimia berbahaya serta polusi all its dimensions according to national
poverty rates have declined
dan kontaminasi udara, air dandefinitions,
tanah. 3.9.2
by 2030. Angka mortalitas yang disebabkan
ogress has been uneven. Most oleh air yang tidak aman dikonsumsi,
is attributed to declines in All the definitions sanitasiof yang
poverty tidakmentioned
aman dan kurang above bersih
y in China. Between 1981 and are income-based (paparanpovertyterhadap layanan WASH yang
measurements.
However it is important tidak aman).to state that poverty
p://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/ is multidimensional. It covers a whole range
ty-line-faq of other issues3.9.3 besides Angkathe mortalitas
incomes akibatof keracunan
the
yang tidak disengaja.

3 17
Target
with a global under-five mortality rate of Indikator
• Total official flows from all providers for
43 per 1,000 live births. The neonatal medical research and basic health sectors
3.c Meningkatkan secara signifikan 3.c.1 Densitas dan distribusi tenaga
mortality rate, that is, the likelihood of were $8.9 billion in 2014. Within this
pembiayaan kesehatan dan rekrutmen, kesehatan.
dying in the first 28 days of life, declined total, official development assistance
pengembangan, pelatihan dan retensi
from 31 deaths per 1,000 live births in (ODA) from DAC donors was $4.5 billion
tenaga kesehatan di negara berkembang,
2000 to 19 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2014, an increase of 20 per cent in real
khususnya negara kurang berkembang dan
in 2015. Over that period, progress in terms since 2010. In 2014, $1 billion was
negara berkembang di pulau kecil.
the rate of child survival among children spent on malaria control and $1.2 billion
aged 1 to 59 months outpaced advances was spent on other infectious diseases,
3.dinMemperkuat kapasitas
reducing neonatal semua as
mortality; negara,
a 3.d.1 Kemampuan
excluding AIDS. Peraturan Kesehatan
khususnya negara berkembang tentang
result, neonatal deaths now represent a Internasional dan kesiapsiagaan
peringatan dini,(45
larger share pengurangan
per cent) ofrisiko dan
all under-five kedaruratan kesehatan.
• Of all deaths among persons under the age
manajemen
deaths. risiko kesehatan nasional dan of 70, commonly referred to as premature
global. deaths, an estimated 52 per cent were as a
• In the area of preventing unintended result of non-communicable diseases. Over
pregnancy worldwide, in 2015, three quarters of premature deaths were
approximately 3 in 4 women of caused by cardiovascular disease, cancer,
Beberapa
reproductive ageinstrumen
(15 to 49 yearsdanofdokumen
age) yang relevan
diabetes untukrespiratory
and chronic Tujuan disease.
3
who were married or in union satisfied their Globally, premature mortality from those
ILO:
need for family planning by using modern Keselamatan dan Kesehatan
four main categories Kerja,
of non-communicable
contraceptive methods; in sub-Saharan 1981
disease declined by 15 per cent between
• Africa
KonvensiandKeselamatan dan Kesehatan
Oceania, however, the share was 2000 and 2012.
Kerja, 1981 • Konvensi Personil Perawatan
less than half.(No. 155)
Childbearing in adolescence
Kesehatan, 1977 (No. 149)
has steadily declined in almost all regions, This Goal is clearly also tied in to Goal 1.3 on
• Konvensi Layanan Kesehatan Kerja,
but wide disparities persist: in 2015, the
1985 (No. 161) • achieving Jaminansocial
Konvensiadequate Sosialprotection
(Standar for all.
birth rate among adolescent girls aged 15 Furthermore, Target 3c underlines the crucial
Minimum), 1952 (No. 102)
to 19 ranged from 7 births per
• Konvensi Kerangka Promosional untuk 1,000 girls importance of recruitment, development,
in Eastern Asiadan
Keselamatan to 102 births Kerja,
Kesehatan per 1,000 • training and retention
Rekomendasi of the
Landasan health workforce
Perlindungan
girls
2006in(No.
sub-Saharan
187) Africa. in Sosial,
developing
2012countries
(No. 202) if this goal is to be
achieved. This includes ensuring decent
• Konvensi Kanker Karena Pekerjaan, • working conditions
Rekomendasi HIVfor
danworkers
AIDS, in the health
2010 (No.
1974 (No. 139) sector
200) including their right to organise and
bargain collectively.
• Konvensi Lingkungan Kerja (Polusi Instrumen HAM:
Udara, Suara dan Getaran), 1977 (No.
148) • Deklarasi Universal HAM

• Konvensi Asbestos, 1986 (No. 162) • Kovenan Internasional Hak Ekonomi,


Sosial dan Budaya
• Konvensi Bahan Kimia, 1990 (No. 170)
• Kovenan Internasional Hak Sipil dan
• Protokol 2002 untuk Konvensi Politik

16
18
2030 AgendaCatatan: calls Trade
for an Unionend Priority 2011,Targets753 andmillionIndicators
people under movedGoal above 3 the
l its forms and in all regions $1.90 extreme poverty threshold in China.
• Bagaimanakah angka kelaparan dan malnutrisi di negara Anda?
underlines the right toTargets social Most of the extreme poverty in the world can
Indicators
is enshrined in the Universal be found in Sub-Saharan
• Apa yang dapat serikat pekerja lakukan dalam berkontribusi untuk pencapaian Africa and in Target
South2.1 dan
Human Rights.
3.32.3? It also calls
By 2030, end the epidemics of Asia. According to the latest estimates, in
AIDS, 3.3.1 Number of new HIV infections per 1,000
articularlytuberculosis,
the poor, malaria
to and
have neglected tropical
2012 South uninfected
Asia population,
had 309 by sex, age andpeople
million key in
diseases and
• Apakah serikatcombat hepatitis, water-borne
pekerja Anda membela kepentingan produsen pangan skala kecil, terutama
, and ownership of productive extreme poverty
populations while Sub-Saharan Africa
diseases and other communicable diseases
ell as access perempuan,
to basic masyarakat
services.hukumharbouredadat, petani,388.7
penggarap millionlahan people.
dan nelayan? Bila tidak,
So just
mengapa? Bila iya, bagaimanaover caranya? 3.3.2 Tuberculosis incidence
77.8% of the extreme poor lived in both per 1,000 population
y or absolute poverty can regions. The 3.3.3estimates
Malaria incidence also pershowed that in
1,000 population
“severe deprivation of basic 2012, 147 million of the extreme poor lived
. Since 1990 the World in East Asia 3.3.4 Hepatitis
and the BPacific
incidence while
per 100,000
44 population
million
matically tried to determine lived in Latin 3.3.5 America
Number of people andrequiring
the Caribbean,
interventions against
y line, based on a measure and the Easternneglected Europe and Central Asia
tropical diseases
erty, which would determine combined.3.7.1 Proportion of women of reproductive age (aged
3.7 By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual
xtreme poverty in the world.
and reproductive health-care services, including 15-49 years) who have their need for family planning
gy used for
is family
based on national
planning, While the satisfied
information and education, globalwith poverty line is important
modern methods
onverted andusing purchasing
the integration of reproductive healthforinto
international comparison and tracking
national strategies
PPP) exchange rates (i.e.and programmes
the of progress made in eradicating extreme
of goods3.8 and services priced
Achieve universal health coverage, poverty,
including your
3.8.1country’s national
Coverage of essential healthpoverty line as
services (defined
ross countries and converted
financial risk protection, access to is more appropriate for advocacy and policy
quality essential the average coverage of essential services based on tracer
health-care services
currency, namely US$) . and engagement. Furthermore, while Target 1.1newborn
1 access to safe, effective, interventions that include reproductive, maternal,
quality and affordable essential medicines and and child health, infectious diseases, noncommunicable
poverty line of $1.25 a day focuses on extreme poverty, Target 1.2 calls
vaccines for all diseases and service capacity and access, among the
in 2005, is used in Target 1.1 for a reduction of the
general and at most
least by half of
disadvantaged persons
population)
l. However, in October 2015 living in poverty according to national
obal poverty line measuring definitions. 3.8.2 Number
This Targetof people covered by means
therefore health insurance
that or a
public health system per 1,000 population
y was set at $1.90 by the the task of eradicating poverty is not limited
is important
3.9 By to
2030,underline
substantiallythat to low-income
reduce the number of countries.
3.9.1 Mortality Middle
rate attributed Income
to household and ambient
deaths and illnesses
es in the figure, the real value from hazardous chemicals air pollution
Countries and Developed countries are also
and air, water and soil pollution and contamination
day’s prices is the same as called to reduce the rate
3.9.2 Mortality levels of poverty
attributed in their
to unsafe water, unsafe
5 prices. This global poverty countries sanitation
based on their
and lack nationally
of hygiene (exposuredefined
to unsafe WASH
ue to change in the future. poverty lines. services)

3.9.3 Mortality rate attributed to unintentional poisoning


he most recent World Bank Whereas Middle-Income countries tend
012, 896 3.c million
Substantially increase lived
people health financing and a
to fix 3.c.1 Healthpoverty
themoderate worker density
lineandofdistribution
between
recruitment, development, training and retention
erty in the world on less than $1.90 PPP and $3.10 PPP per capita
of the health workforce in developing countries,
o 12.7 percent
especially inof the
least world’s
developed day, developed countries fix a relative
persmall
countries and
d in extreme povertyStates
island developing in 2012. poverty line which is set at 60 per cent of a
orld met the Millennium country’s relative median disposable income.
3.d Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in 3.d.1 International Health Regulations (IHR) capacity and
Goal to cut the 1990 extreme
particular developing countries, for earlyTarget
warning,1.2health
is relevant to all these countries
emergency preparedness
half, therisk extent
reductionofand
extreme andcalls for a reduction of at least by
as it
management of national
world is still
global unacceptably
health risks half the proportion of men, women and
children of all ages living in poverty in
all its dimensions according to national
poverty rates have declined definitions, by 2030.
ogress has been uneven. Most
is attributed to declines in All the definitions of poverty mentioned above
y in China. Between 1981 and are income-based poverty measurements.
However it is important to state that poverty
p://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/ is multidimensional. It covers a whole range
ty-line-faq of other issues besides the incomes of the

3 17
19
Catatan:
with a global under-five mortality rate of • Total official flows from all providers for
43 per 1,000 live births. The neonatal medical research and basic health sectors
mortality rate, that is, the likelihood of were $8.9 billion in 2014. Within this
dying in the first 28 days of life, declined total, official development assistance
from 31 deaths per 1,000 live births in (ODA) from DAC donors was $4.5 billion
2000 to 19 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2014, an increase of 20 per cent in real
in 2015. Over that period, progress in terms since 2010. In 2014, $1 billion was
the rate of child survival among children spent on malaria control and $1.2 billion
aged 1 to 59 months outpaced advances was spent on other infectious diseases,
in reducing neonatal mortality; as a excluding AIDS.
result, neonatal deaths now represent a
larger share (45 per cent) of all under-five • Of all deaths among persons under the age
deaths. of 70, commonly referred to as premature
deaths, an estimated 52 per cent were as a
• In the area of preventing unintended result of non-communicable diseases. Over
pregnancy worldwide, in 2015, three quarters of premature deaths were
approximately 3 in 4 women of caused by cardiovascular disease, cancer,
reproductive age (15 to 49 years of age) diabetes and chronic respiratory disease.
who were married or in union satisfied their Globally, premature mortality from those
need for family planning by using modern four main categories of non-communicable
contraceptive methods; in sub-Saharan disease declined by 15 per cent between
Africa and Oceania, however, the share was 2000 and 2012.
less than half. Childbearing in adolescence
has steadily declined in almost all regions, This Goal is clearly also tied in to Goal 1.3 on
but wide disparities persist: in 2015, the achieving adequate social protection for all.
birth rate among adolescent girls aged 15 Furthermore, Target 3c underlines the crucial
to 19 ranged from 7 births per 1,000 girls importance of recruitment, development,
in Eastern Asia to 102 births per 1,000 training and retention of the health workforce
girls in sub-Saharan Africa. in developing countries if this goal is to be
achieved. This includes ensuring decent
working conditions for workers in the health
sector including their right to organise and
bargain collectively.

16
20
PENDIDIKAN
BERKUALITAS
Tujuan 4
2030 Agenda calls Trade
for an
l its forms and in all regions
Union Menjamin Kualitas Pendidikan
end Priority 2011,Targets753 and
millionIndicators
people under
$1.90 extreme poverty threshold in China.
movedGoal above 3 the
underlines the right toTargets
is enshrined in the Universal
social
yang Inklusif dan Merata serta
Most of the extreme poverty
be found in Sub-Saharan Africa and in South
in the world can
Indicators
Human Rights.
3.3 By 2030,
tuberculosis,
It end
alsothecalls
malaria
articularly the poor, to have and neglected Meningkatkan Kesempatan
epidemics of AIDS,Asia. According
tropical
diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne
uninfected
to the
3.3.1 Number of new
population,
2012 South Asia had 309 million people
latest
by sex,
estimates,
HIV infections
age
per 1,000
and key
in
in
, and ownership of productive extreme poverty while Sub-Saharan Africa
diseases and other communicable diseases
ell as access to basic services. Belajar Sepanjang Hayat
populations
harboured 388.7 million people. So just
3.3.2
over 77.8% ofTuberculosis
the extreme incidence per 1,000
poor livedpopulation
in both
y or absolute poverty can
“severe deprivation of basic
Untuk Semua
regions. The 3.3.3 Malaria incidence per 1,000 population in
estimates also
2012, 147 million of the extreme poor lived
showed that

. Since 1990 the World in East Asia 3.3.4 Hepatitis


and the BPacific
incidence while
per 100,000
44 population
million
matically tried to determine lived in Latin3.3.5 America
Number of people andrequiring
the Caribbean,
interventions against
y line, based on a measure and the Eastern
neglected Europe and Central Asia
tropical diseases
erty, which would determine combined.3.7.1 Proportion of women of reproductive age (aged
3.7 By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual
xtreme poverty in the world.
and reproductive health-care services, including 15-49 years) who have their need for family planning
gy used for
is family
based on national
planning, While the satisfied
information and education, globalwith poverty line is important
modern methods
onverted andusing purchasing
the integration of reproductive healthforinto
international comparison and tracking
national strategies
PPP) exchange rates (i.e.and programmes
the of progress made in eradicating extreme
of goods3.8 and services priced
Achieve universal health coverage, poverty,
including your
3.8.1country’s national
Coverage of essential healthpoverty line as
services (defined
ross countries and converted
financial risk protection, access to is more appropriate for advocacy and policy
quality essential the average coverage of essential services based on tracer
health-care
currency, namely US$) .services and engagement. Furthermore, while Target 1.1newborn
1 access to safe, effective, interventions that include reproductive, maternal,
quality and affordable essential medicines and and child health, infectious diseases, noncommunicable
poverty line of $1.25 a day focuses on extreme poverty, Target 1.2 calls
vaccines for all diseases and service capacity and access, among the
in 2005, is used in Target 1.1 for a reduction of the
general and at most
least by half of
disadvantaged persons
population)
l. However, in October 2015 living in poverty according to national
obal poverty line measuring definitions. 3.8.2 Number
This Targetof people covered by means
therefore health insurance
that or a
public health system per 1,000 population
y was set at $1.90 by the the task of eradicating poverty is not limited
is important
3.9 By to
2030,underline
substantiallythat to low-income
reduce the number of countries.
3.9.1 Mortality Middle
rate attributed Income
to household and ambient
deaths and illnesses
es in the figure, the real value from hazardous chemicals air pollution
Countries and Developed countries are also
and air, water and soil pollution and contamination
day’s prices is the same as called to reduce the rate
3.9.2 Mortality levels of poverty
attributed in their
to unsafe water, unsafe
5 prices. This global poverty countries sanitation
based on their
and lack nationally
of hygiene (exposuredefined
to unsafe WASH
ue to change in the future. poverty lines.services)

3.9.3 Mortality rate attributed to unintentional poisoning


he most recent World Bank Whereas Middle-Income countries tend
012, 896 3.c million
Substantially increase lived
people health financing and a
to fix 3.c.1 Healthpoverty
themoderate worker density
lineandofdistribution
between
recruitment, development, training and retention
erty in the world on less than $1.90 PPP and $3.10 PPP per capita
of the health workforce in developing countries,
o 12.7 percent
especially inof the
least world’s
developed day, developed countries fix a relative
persmall
countries and
d in extreme povertyStates
island developing in 2012. poverty line which is set at 60 per cent of a
orld met the Millennium country’s relative median disposable income.
3.d Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in 3.d.1 International Health Regulations (IHR) capacity and
Goal to cut the 1990 extreme
particular developing countries, for earlyTarget
warning,1.2health
is relevant to all these countries
emergency preparedness
half, therisk extent
reductionofand
extreme andcalls for a reduction of at least by
as it
management of national
world is still
global unacceptably
health risks half the proportion of men, women and
children of all ages living in poverty in
all its dimensions according to national
poverty rates have declined definitions, by 2030.
ogress has been uneven. Most
is attributed to declines in All the definitions of poverty mentioned above
y in China. Between 1981 and are income-based poverty measurements.
However it is important to state that poverty
p://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/ is multidimensional. It covers a whole range
ty-line-faq of other issues besides the incomes of the

3 17
21
households headed by someone with less
PENDIDIKAN
than a primary education. BERKUALITAS Tujuan 4
major challenge in this area with nearly 7 in
10 countries experiencing acute shortages of
qualified primary school teachers. In 2013,
Goal 4 also recognises the need for more Menjamin Kualitas only 71 per cent of teachers in sub-Saharan
qualified teachers if the targets are to be met. Africa and 84 per cent of teachers in North
According to UN figures, current estimates Pendidikan yang Inklusif
Africa were adequately trained in line with
show a need for nearly 26 million primary national standards.
school teachers by 2030. Africa faces a dan Merata serta
Meningkatkan Kesempatan
Trade Union Priority Targets and Indicators
Belajar under Goal
Sepanjang 4
Hayat
Targets
Untuk Semua Indicators
4.1 By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys 4.1.1 Proportion of children and young people: (a) in
complete free, equitable and quality primary grades 2/3; (b) at the end of primary; and (c) at the
and secondary education leading to relevant and end of lower secondary achieving at least a minimum
effective learning outcomes proficiency level in (i) reading and (ii) mathematics,
4.1 Pada 2030, menjamin bahwa 4.5 Pada 2030, menghilangkan disparitas
by sex
semua anak perempuan dan laki-laki gender dalam pendidikan, dan menjamin
4.3 By 2030, ensure equal access for all women 4.3.1 Participation rate of youth and adults in formal
menyelesaikan
and pendidikan
men to affordable and qualitydasar dan
technical, akses education
and non-formal yang sama anduntuk
trainingsemua tingkat12
in the previous
menengah tanpa dipungut biaya, setara
vocational and tertiary education, including pendidikan
months, by sex dan pelatihan kejuruan, bagi
dan berkualitas yang mengarah pada
university masyarakat rentan termasuk penyandang
capaian
4.4 pembelajaran
By 2030, yang relevan
substantially increase dan
the number disabilitas,
4.4.1 Proportion masyarakat
of youth hukum
and adults with adat dan
information
efektif.
of youth and adults who have relevant skills, anak-anak dalam kondisi rentan.
and communications technology (ICT) skills, by type
including technical and vocational skills, for of skill
4.2 employment,
Pada 2030, menjamin
decent jobs andbahwa semua
entrepreneurship 4.6 Pada 2030, menjamin bahwa semua
anak perempuan dan laki-laki memiliki remaja dan proporsi kelompok dewasa
4.5 By 2030, eliminate gender disparities in 4.5.1 Parity indices (female/male, rural/urban, bottom/
akses terhadap
education perkembangan
and ensure dan
equal access to all levels tertentu,
top wealth baikothers
quintile and laki-laki maupun
such as disability status,
pengasuhan
of education andanak usia training
vocational dini, pengasuhan,
for the perempuan,
indigenous peoples and memiliki kemampuan
conflict affected as data become
pendidikan
vulnerable, pra-sekolah
including persons dasar yang
with disabilities, available)membaca dan berhitung.
indigenous peoples
berkualitas, and children
sehingga merekain vulnerable
siap untuk
situations
menempuh pendidikan dasar. 4.7 Pada 2030, menjamin semua peserta
4c By 2030, substantially increase the supply didik memperoleh
4.c.1 Proportion of teachers in: pengetahuan
(a) pre-primary;
4.3 ofPada 2030,
qualified menjamin
teachers, akses
including yang sama
through dan(c)keterampilan
(b) primary; lower secondary; yang
and diperlukan
(d) upper secondary
bagi semuacooperation
international perempuan fordan laki-laki
teacher training in educationuntuk meningkatkan
who have pembangunan
received at least the minimum
developing countries, especially least
terhadap pendidikan teknik, kejuruan dan developed organized teacher training (e.g. pedagogical
berkelanjutan, termasuk antara training)
lain, pre-
countries and small island developing States service or in-service required for teaching at the relevant
pendidikan tinggi, termasuk universitas level in amelalui pendidian untuk pembangunan
given country
yang terjangkau dan berkualitas. berkelanjutan dan gaya hidup yang
berkelanjutan, HAM, kesetaraan gender,
4.4 Pada 2030, meningkatkan secara promosi budaya damai dan non-
signifikan jumlah pemuda dan orang kekerasan, kewarganegaraan global dan
dewasa yang memiliki keterampilan yang penghargaan terhadap keanekaragaman
relevan, termasuk keterampilan teknik budaya dan kontribusi budaya terhadap
dan kejuruan, untuk pekerjaan, pekerjaan pembangunan berkelanjutan.
yang layak dan kewirausahaan. PENDIDIKAN
BERKUALITAS

24
22
Tujuan 4 berupaya untuk memastikan pendidikan 83 partisipasi di tahun 2000.
2030 Agenda calls Some for an instruments
end 2011,and753documents
million peoplerelevantmoved to Goal above4 the
yang cuma-cuma, inklusif dan berkualitas
l its forms and in all regions $1.90 extreme• poverty threshold
Jumlah anak-anak yangin putus
China. sekolah pada
bagi semua dan juga mempromosikan peluang
underlines the right to social Most of the extreme usia poverty
sekolah in the
dasar di worlddunia
seluruh can telah
pembelajaran sepanjang hayat bagi semua.
is enshrined in the Universal be found in Sub-Saharan Africa and in
turun hampir setengahnya menjadi 57 juta South
Human Tujuan ILO:
Rights. It also calls
Pembangunan Milenial telah Asia. Human
According to
pada theRights
latest
2015 dariinstruments:
estimates,
100 juta pada in2000.
articularly the
melakukan poor, to have
banyak upaya 2012
dalam mencapai South Asia had 309 million people in
, and ownership • ILO/UNESCO
of Recommendation
productive extreme • •
Universal
poverty Sub-Sahara
while Declaration
Sub-Saharan of Human
Afrika memiliki Africa Rights
catatan
pendidikan bagi semua 8
:
ell as accessconcerning
to basic the Status
services. of Teachers,
harboured 388.7 perbaikan
million yang
• International people.
Covenant
terbaik Sodalam
on just hal
Economic,
1966 pendidikan dasar di lived in manapun
kawasan
• Angka partisipasi sekolah dasarover di 77.8% ofSocial
the extreme
and Cultural poor Rights both
y or absolute poverty can regions. The sejak
estimates MDGalsomulai berlaku.
showed thatKawasan
in
kawasan-kawasan
• Equal Remuneration yang sedang berkembang
Convention, 1951
“severe deprivation of basic 2012, 147 • ini mencapai
Convention
million of on
the thepeningkatan
Rights
extreme of
poor sebesar
the Child
lived 20
(No. 100)
mencapai 91 persen pada 2015, naik dari
. Since 1990 the World in East Asia and persentase
the Pacific poinwhile
dalam44 angka partisipasi
million
matically tried• Discrimination
to determine (Employment and in Latin• America
lived Convention
sekolah and on the
dari tahun
the Elimination
2000 hingga
Caribbean, of 2015,
y line, basedOccupation)
on a measure Convention, 1958 and the Eastern Alldibandingkan
Forms of and
Europe Discrimination
kenaikan
Centralsebesar Against8
Asia
erty, which would (No. 111)
determine combined. Women
persentase poin antara tahun 1990 dan
xtreme poverty in the world. 2000. on the Rights of Persons
• Convention
• Minimum
gy used is based on national Age Convention, 1973
While the global poverty line is important
(No.purchasing
138) dan meningkatkan with
• Disabilities
Angka keaksaraan di tracking
kalangan kaum muda
onverted4.a Membangun
using for international comparison and
usia 15 hingga 24 meningkat
on the dari 83
PPP) exchange •fasilitas
rates
Paid pendidikan
(i.e. the
Educational yang ramah
Leave anak,
of progress
Convention, • International
made Convention
in eradicating
persen menjadi 91
extreme
persen
of goods and penyandang(No. disabilitas
services
1974 priced dan gender,
140) Protection national
poverty, your country’s of the Rights of Allantara
poverty line tahun
Migrant
ross countries sertaand
menyediakan
converted lingkungan is belajar
more appropriate 1990for
Workers hingga
and 2015. of
Members
advocacy Kesenjangan
andTheir Families
policy antara
currency, •namelyVocational
yang aman, Rehabilitation
anti
US$) 1kekerasan,
. and
inklusif laki-laki dan perempuan
engagement. Furthermore, while Target 1.1 pun semakin
poverty line dan ofEmployment
efektif bagi
$1.25 (Disabled
a day semua. Persons)focuses on extreme kecil.poverty, Target 1.2 calls
in 2005, is used Convention, 19831.1
in Target (No. 159) for a reductionNamunof at meskipun
least by terlihat
half ofada persons
4.b Pada 2020, secara signifikan kemajuan,
l. However, in October 2015 living in poverty MDG according
belum bisa tomencapai
national pendidikan
• Human
obal povertymemperluas Resources
line measuring Development
secara global, jumlah
definitions. This Target therefore means that
dasar universal. Pada 2015, diperkirakan
y was set at $1.90 by 1975
Convention,
beasiswa bagi negara(No.
the 142)
berkembang,
the task of eradicating poverty is not limited
khususnya negara that
kurang berkembang, 57 juta anak-anak usia sekolah dasar tidak
is important to underline
• Human Resources to low-income countries. Middle Income
Development
es in the figure, negaratheberkembang
real value kecil, dan and bersekolah.
di pulau Countries Terlebih lagi, kesenjangan dalam
Developed countries are also
Recommendation, 2004 (No. 195) hal kualitas pendidikan terus terjadi. Menurut
day’s prices negara-negara
is the sameAfrika as untuk mendaftar
called to reduce the levels of poverty in their
di pendidikan tinggi, termasuk PBB 9
, pada akhir masa sekolah dasar, anak-
5 prices. This global poverty countries based on their nationally defined
ue to change pelatihan
in thekejuruan,
future. teknologipovertyinformasilines. anak seharusnya bisa membaca, menulis dan
dan komunikasi, program teknik, memahami konsep dasar matematika. Namun
program rekayasa pada 2014, antara 40 hingga 90 persen anak-
he most recent World Bankdan ilmiah,Whereasdi negara Middle-Income countries tend
maju danpeople
berkembang anak gagal dalam mencapai tingkat kecakapan
012, 896 million livedlainnya.to fix a moderate poverty line of between
membaca di 10 negara-negara Afrika; dan
erty in the world on less than $1.90 PPP and $3.10 PPP per capita
4.c Pada 2030, secara signifikan di 9 negara-negara ini antara 40 hingga 90
o 12.7 percent of the world’s per day, developed countries fix a relative
meningkatkan pasokan guru yang persen anak-anak gagal mencapai tingkat
d in extreme poverty in 2012. poverty line which is set at 60 per cent of a
berkualitas, termasuk melalui minimum pemahaman matematika.
orld met the Millennium country’s relative median disposable income.
kerjasama internasional dalam
Goal to cut the 1990 extreme Target 1.2 is relevant to all these countries
pelatihan guru di negara berkembang, Salah satu tantangan besar dalam Tujuan
half, the extent of extreme as it calls for a reduction of at least by
terutama negara kurang berkembang, 4 adalah kurangnya keinklusifan dalam
world is still unacceptably half the proportion of men, women and
dan negara berkembang kepulauan pendidikan. Menurut PBB, di seluruh dunia
children of all ages living in poverty in
kecil. pada 2013, dua pertiga dari 757 juta
all its dimensions according to national
populasi orang dewasa yang tidak dapat
poverty rates have declined definitions, by 2030.
membaca dan menulis adalah perempuan.
ogress has been uneven. Most
Secara global pada 2013, 1 dari 10 anak
is attributed to declines in All the definitions of poverty mentioned above
y in China. Between 1981 and are income-based poverty measurements.
However it is important to state
8 UN, The Millenium that poverty
Development Goals Report
p://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/ is multidimensional. 2015, It covers
United Nations,a whole
2015 range
ty-line-faq of other issues9 besides the incomes
UN, op. cit., pp 7-8 of the

3 25
23
perempuan putus sekolah bila dibandingkan Tujuan 4 juga mengakui perlunya menambah
households headed by someone with less major challenge in this area with nearly 7 in
dengan 1 dari 12 anak laki-laki. Terlebih jumlah guru yang memiliki kualifikasi tinggi
than a primary education. 10 countries experiencing acute shortages of
lagi, anak-anak yang datang dari 20 persen bila ingin mencapai target tersebut. Menurut
qualified primary school teachers. In 2013,
keluarga termiskin 4 kali lebih mungkin angka estimasi PBB, saat ini diperlukan
Goal 4 also recognises the need for more only 71 per cent of teachers in sub-Saharan
mengalami putus sekolah dibandingkan hampir 26 juta orang guru sekolah dasar
qualified teachers if the targets are to be met. Africa and 84 per cent of teachers in North
teman-teman mereka yang lebih kaya. Dari pada 2030. Afrika menghadapi tantangan
According to UN figures, current estimates Africa were adequately trained in line with
57 uta anak-anak yang putus sekolah, terbesar di mana 7 dari 10 negara mengalami
show a need for nearly 26 million primary national standards.
angka putus sekolah lebih tinggi di kawasan kekurangan guru sekolah dasar yang memiliki
school teachers by 2030. Africa faces a
pedesaan dan di kalangan anak-anak di mana kualifikasi yang baik. Pada 2013 hanya 71
kepala keluarganya hanya bersekolah di persen guru di Sub-Sahara Afrika dan 84
sekolah dasar. Trade Union Priority Targets and
persenIndicators under
guru di Afrika UtaraGoal 4
mendapatkan
pelatihan yang sesuai dengan standar
nasional.
Targets Indicators
4.1 By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys 4.1.1 Proportion of children and young people: (a) in
complete free, equitable and quality primary grades 2/3; (b) at the end of primary; and (c) at the
and secondary education leading to relevant and end of lower secondary achieving at least a minimum
Target
effective dan
learning Indikator Prioritas
outcomes Serikat Pekerja
proficiency
by sex
level in (i) Menurut Tujuan
reading and (ii) 4
mathematics,

4.3 By 2030, ensure Target


equal access for all women 4.3.1 Participation rate of Indikator
youth and adults in formal
and men to affordable and quality technical, and non-formal education and training in the previous 12
4.1 Pada 2030,
vocational menjamin
and tertiary bahwa
education, including 4.1.1byProporsi
months, sex anak-anak dan kaum muda:
semua anak perempuan dan laki-laki
university (a) di kelas 2/3; (b) di akhir masa sekolah
menyelesaikan pendidikan dasar dan
4.4 By 2030, substantially increase the number dasar;
4.4.1 dan (c)
Proportion di akhir
of youth dari masa
and adults sekolah
with information
menengah tanpa dipungut biaya, setara
of youth and adults who have relevant skills, dan menengah dengan mencapai setidaknya
and communications technology (ICT) skills, by type
berkualitas yang mengarah
including technical pada
and vocational capaian
skills, for kecakapan minimum pada bidang (i)
of skill
employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship
pembelajaran yang relevan dan efektif. membaca dan (ii) matematika, berdasarkan
4.5 By 2030, eliminate gender disparities in jenis
4.5.1 kelamin.
Parity indices (female/male, rural/urban, bottom/
education and ensure equal access to all levels top wealth quintile and others such as disability status,
of education
4.3 Pada 2030,and vocational
menjamin training
aksesforyang
the indigenous peoplespartisipasi
4.3.1 Angka and conflict affected
kaum mudaas datadan
become
vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, available)
sama bagi semua perempuan dan laki-laki dewasa yang mengikuti pendidikan dan
indigenous peoples and children in vulnerable
terhadap
situations pendidikan teknik, kejuruan dan pelatihan formal dan non-formal pada 12
pendidikan tinggi, termasuk universitas bulan terakhir berdasarkan jenis kelamin.
4c By 2030, substantially increase the supply 4.c.1 Proportion of teachers in: (a) pre-primary;
yang terjangkau dan berkualitas.
of qualified teachers, including through (b) primary; (c) lower secondary; and (d) upper secondary
international cooperation for teacher training in education who have received at least the minimum
4.4 Pada 2030,
developing meningkatkan
countries, secara
especially least developed 4.4.1 teacher
organized Proporsi kaum
training muda
(e.g. dan dewasa
pedagogical training) pre-
signifikan jumlah
countries and smallorang
islandmuda dan dewasa
developing States yangormemiliki
service keterampilan
in-service required teknologi
for teaching at the relevant
yang memiliki keterampilan yang relevan, informasi
level in a given dan komunikasi (TIK)
country
termasuk keterampilan teknik dan berdasarkan jenis keterampilan.
kejuruan, untuk pekerjaan, pekerjaan yang
layak dan kewirausahaan.

4.5 Pada 2030, menghilangkan disparitas 4.5.1 indeks paritas (laki-laki/perempuan,


gender dalam pendidikan, dan menjamin desa/kota, kekayaan terbawah/teratas
akses yang sama untuk semua tingkat dan lainnya misalnya status disabilitas,
pendidikan dan pelatihan kejuruan, bagi masyarakat adat dan terdampak konflik
masyarakat rentan termasuk penyandang segera setelah data tersedia).
disabilitas, masyarakat hukum adat dan
anak-anak.

24
24
2030 Agenda calls Some for an instruments
Target
end 2011,and753documents relevantmoved
million people to Goal
Indikator 4 the
above
l its forms and in all regions $1.90 extreme poverty threshold in China.
4.c Pada 2030, secara signifikan 4.c.1 Proporsi guru di: (a) pra-sekolah;
underlines the right to social Most of the extreme poverty in the world can
meningkatkan pasokan guru yang (b) sekolah dasar; (c) sekolah menengah
is enshrined in the Universal be found in Sub-Saharan Africa and in South
berkualitas, termasuk melalui kerjasama pertama; dan (d) sekolah menengah atas
Human Rights. ILO: It also calls
internasional dalam pelatihan guru di
Asia. According Human to the Rights
latestinstruments:
estimates, in
yang setidaknya mendapatkan pelatihan
articularly the poor, to have 2012 South Asia had 309 million people in
negara berkembang,
• ILO/UNESCO terutama negara
Recommendation • guru minimum (misalnya
Universal pelatihan
, and ownership of productive extreme poverty while Declaration
Sub-Saharan of Human
AfricaRights
kurang berkembang,
concerning the dan negara
Status of Teachers, pedagogis) pra memberikan layanan
ell as access to basic services. harboured 388.7 million Covenant
• sebagai
International people. on SoEconomic,
just
berkembang
1966 kepulauan kecil. guru atau saat menjadi guru yang
over 77.8% ofSocial the extreme
and untuk poor
Cultural lived in both
Rights
diperlukan mengajar pada tingkatan
y or absolute poverty
• Equal can
Remuneration regions.
Convention, 1951 The estimates also showed that in
“severe deprivation(No. 100) of basic 2012, 147 • tertentu
Convention
million
di negara
of the thetertentu.
on extreme
Rights poor
of thelived
Child
. Since 1990 the World in East Asia and the Pacific while 44 million
• Discrimination
matically tried to determine (Employment and in Latin• America
lived Conventionand on thetheElimination
Caribbean, of
y line, basedOccupation)
on a measure Convention, 1958 and the Eastern All Europe
Forms of andDiscrimination
Central AsiaAgainst
erty, which would (No. 111)
determine combined. Women
xtreme poverty in the world. • Convention on the Rights of Persons
gy used is •basedMinimum Age Convention, 1973
on national While the global poverty line is important
onverted using
Beberapa
(No. 138)
purchasing
instrumen for daninternational
dokumenwith yang relevan
Disabilities dengan Tujuan 4
comparison and tracking
PPP) exchange • Paidrates (i.e. the
Educational of progress made
Leave Convention, • International Convention
in eradicating on the
extreme
ILO:
of goods and1974 services priced poverty, your
Instrumen
Protection
country’s
HAM:
of the
national Rights of
povertyAll Migrant
line
(No. 140)
ross countries and converted is more appropriate Workers and Members
for advocacy
• Deklarasi of Their Families
and policy
Universal HAM
• Rekomendasi ILO/UNESCO mengenai
currency, •namely
Vocational
US$) Rehabilitation
1
. and
engagement. Furthermore, while Target 1.1
Status Guru, 1966
poverty line of Employment
$1.25 a day (Disabled Persons)
focuses on extreme • Kovenan Internasional
poverty, Target Mengenai
1.2 callsHak
in 2005, is Convention,
used in 1983
Target (No.
1.1 159)
• Konvensi mengenai Remunerasi yang for a reduction ofEkonomi,
at least Sosial
by dan
half Budaya,
of persons
l. However, in October 2015 living in poverty according to national
obal poverty • Setara,
Human 1951
line measuring
(No. 100)
Resources Development
definitions. This • Konvensi Hak Anak means that
Target therefore
y was set • Convention,
at Konvensi
$1.90 by 1975
the (No.
mengenai 142)
Diskriminasi (padaof eradicating poverty is not limited
the task • Konvensi Penghapusan Segala Bentuk
is important • Pekerjaan
to underline
Human dan Jabatan),
Resources that 1958
Development (No.1 11)
to low-income countries.
Diskriminasi Middle
terhadapIncome
Perempuan
es in the figure, the real value
Recommendation, 2004 Countries
(No. 195) and Developed countries are also
• Konvensi Usia Minimum, 1973 (No.
day’s prices is the same as called to reduce • Konvensi
the levels mengenai Hak Penyandang
of poverty in their
138)
5 prices. This global poverty countries based on Disabilitas
their nationally defined
ue to change in the Cuti
• Konvensi future. poverty
Belajar Berbayar, 1974lines.
• Konvensi Internasional mengenai Hak
(No. 140)
he most recent World Bank Whereas Middle-Income Para Pekerja Migran dan
countries Anggota
tend
012, 896• million
Konvensipeople
Rehabilitasi
liveddan Pekerjaan Keluarga Mereka
to fix a moderate poverty line of between
erty in the worldKejuruanon (bagi
less Penyandang
than Disabilitas),
$1.90 PPP and $3.10 PPP per capita
1983 (No.
o 12.7 percent of the world’s 159) per day, developed countries fix a relative
d in extreme poverty in 2012. poverty line which is set at 60 per cent of a
orld met the • Konvensi
MillenniumPengembangan Sumber daya relative median disposable income.
country’s
Manusia,
Goal to cut the 1990 extreme 1975 (No. 142) Target 1.2 is relevant to all these countries
half, the • extent of extreme
Rekomendasi Pengembangan it calls for a reduction of at least by
asSumber
world is still daya Manusia, 2004 (No. 195) the proportion of men, women and
unacceptably half
children of all ages living in poverty in
all its dimensions according to national
poverty rates have declined definitions, by 2030.
ogress has been uneven. Most
is attributed to declines in All the definitions of poverty mentioned above
y in China. Between 1981 and are income-based poverty measurements.
However it is important to state that poverty
p://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/ is multidimensional. It covers a whole range
ty-line-faq of other issues besides the incomes of the

3 25
Catatan:
households headed by someone with less major challenge in this area with nearly 7 in
than a primary education. 10 countries experiencing acute shortages of
• Apakah negara Anda menyediakan pendidikan dasar dan menengah secara cuma-cuma, adil
qualified primary school teachers. In 2013,
dan berkualitas bagi semua anak? Berapa jumlah anak putus sekolah di negara Anda?
Goal 4 also recognises the need for more only 71 per cent of teachers in sub-Saharan
qualifiedanak
• Apakah teachers if the targets
perempuan are laki-laki
dan anak to be met. Africa
dijamin and 84akses
memiliki per cent
yangof teachers
sama in North
terhadap
According to UN figures, current estimates Africa were adequately trained
pendidikan dasar dan menengah berkualitas yang dapat memungkinkan mereka melanjutkan in line with
show a need for nearly 26 million primary national standards.
ke pendidikan tersier, teknik dan kejuruan, yang terjangkau dan berkualitas termasuk
school teachers by 2030. Africa faces a
universitas?
• Bagaimanakah kesenjangan pendidikan teknik dan kejuruan di negara Anda?
Trade Union Priority Targets and Indicators under Goal 4
• Bagaimanakah kesenjangan guru yang memiliki kualifikasi dan kondisi kerja mereka di negara
Anda?
Targets Indicators
4.1 By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys 4.1.1 Proportion of children and young people: (a) in
complete free, equitable and quality primary grades 2/3; (b) at the end of primary; and (c) at the
and secondary education leading to relevant and end of lower secondary achieving at least a minimum
effective learning outcomes proficiency level in (i) reading and (ii) mathematics,
by sex
4.3 By 2030, ensure equal access for all women 4.3.1 Participation rate of youth and adults in formal
and men to affordable and quality technical, and non-formal education and training in the previous 12
vocational and tertiary education, including months, by sex
university
4.4 By 2030, substantially increase the number 4.4.1 Proportion of youth and adults with information
of youth and adults who have relevant skills, and communications technology (ICT) skills, by type
including technical and vocational skills, for of skill
employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship
4.5 By 2030, eliminate gender disparities in 4.5.1 Parity indices (female/male, rural/urban, bottom/
education and ensure equal access to all levels top wealth quintile and others such as disability status,
of education and vocational training for the indigenous peoples and conflict affected as data become
vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, available)
indigenous peoples and children in vulnerable
situations
4c By 2030, substantially increase the supply 4.c.1 Proportion of teachers in: (a) pre-primary;
of qualified teachers, including through (b) primary; (c) lower secondary; and (d) upper secondary
international cooperation for teacher training in education who have received at least the minimum
developing countries, especially least developed organized teacher training (e.g. pedagogical training) pre-
countries and small island developing States service or in-service required for teaching at the relevant
level in a given country

24
26
KESETARAAN
JENDER
Tujuan 5
2030 Agenda calls Some
l its forms and in all regions
end Mencapai Kesetaraan Gender
for an instruments and753
2011, documents relevantmoved
million people to Goal
$1.90 extreme poverty threshold in China.
4 the
above

underlines the right to social


is enshrined in the Universal
dan Memberdayakan Kaum
Most of the extreme poverty in the world can
be found in Sub-Saharan Africa and in South
ILO: It also calls Human Rights
latestinstruments:
Human Rights.
articularly the poor, to have
• ILO/UNESCO
Perempuan
Recommendation
Asia. According to the estimates, in
2012 South Asia had 309 million people in
• Universal
, and ownership of productive extreme poverty while Declaration
Sub-Saharan of Human
Africa Rights
concerning the
ell as access to basic services. Status of Teachers,
harboured 388.7 million Covenant
people. on SoEconomic,
just
1966 • International
over 77.8% ofSocial
the extreme
and Culturalpoor lived in both
Rights
y or absolute poverty can regions.
• Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951 The estimates also showed that in
“severe deprivation
(No. 100) of basic 2012, 147 • Convention
million of theon the Rights
extreme of
poor thelived
Child
. Since 1990 the World in East Asia and the Pacific while 44 million
• Discrimination
matically tried to determine (Employment and in Latin• America
lived Conventionandon thetheElimination
Caribbean, of
y line, basedOccupation)
on a measure Convention, 1958and the Eastern All Europe
Forms of and
Discrimination
Central AsiaAgainst
(No. 111)
erty, which would determine combined. Women
xtreme poverty in the world. • Convention on the Rights of Persons
gy used is •based
Minimum Age Convention, 1973
on national While the globalwithpoverty line is important
Disabilities
onverted using(No.purchasing
138) for international comparison and tracking
PPP) exchange• Paidrates (i.e. the
Educational • International
of progress made
Leave Convention, Convention
in eradicating on the
extreme
of goods and1974services priced
(No. 140) poverty, your Protection
country’s of the
national Rights of All Migrant
poverty line
ross countries and converted Workers and Members of
is more appropriate for advocacy and policy Their Families
currency, •namely
Vocational
US$)Rehabilitation
1
. and
engagement. Furthermore, while Target 1.1
poverty line ofEmployment
$1.25 a day (Disabled Persons)
focuses on extreme poverty, Target 1.2 calls
Convention,
in 2005, is used 19831.1
in Target (No. 159)for a reduction of at least by half of persons
l. However, in October 2015 living in poverty according to national
obal poverty• Human Resources Development
line measuring definitions. This Target therefore means that
y was set at Convention,
$1.90 by 1975 the (No. 142) the task of eradicating poverty is not limited
is important to underline that
• Human Resources Development to low-income countries. Middle Income
es in the figure, the real value
Recommendation, 2004 (No.Countries
195) and Developed countries are also
day’s prices is the same as called to reduce the levels of poverty in their
5 prices. This global poverty countries based on their nationally defined
ue to change in the future. poverty lines.

he most recent World Bank Whereas Middle-Income countries tend


012, 896 million people lived to fix a moderate poverty line of between
erty in the world on less than $1.90 PPP and $3.10 PPP per capita
o 12.7 percent of the world’s per day, developed countries fix a relative
d in extreme poverty in 2012. poverty line which is set at 60 per cent of a
orld met the Millennium country’s relative median disposable income.
Goal to cut the 1990 extreme Target 1.2 is relevant to all these countries
half, the extent of extreme as it calls for a reduction of at least by
world is still unacceptably half the proportion of men, women and
children of all ages living in poverty in
all its dimensions according to national
poverty rates have declined definitions, by 2030.
ogress has been uneven. Most
is attributed to declines in All the definitions of poverty mentioned above
y in China. Between 1981 and are income-based poverty measurements.
However it is important to state that poverty
p://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/ is multidimensional. It covers a whole range
ty-line-faq of other issues besides the incomes of the

3 25
27
NOTES: KESETARAAN
JENDER
Tujuan 5
Mencapai Kesetaraan
Gender dan Memberdayakan
Kaum Perempuan

5.1 Mengakhiri segala bentuk diskriminasi 5.6 Menjamin akses universal terhadap
terhadap kaum perempuan di manapun. kesehatan seksual dan reproduksi
dan hak reproduksi seperti yang telah
5.2 Menghapuskan segala bentuk disepakati sesuai dengan Program Aksi
kekerasan terhadap kaum perempuan Konferensi Internasional mengenai
di ruang publik dan pribadi, termasuk Kependudukan dan Pembangunan serta
perdagangan orang dan eksploitasi Kerangka Beijing (Beijing Platform) dan
seksual, serta berbagai jenis eksploitasi dokumen-dokumen hasil tinjauan dari
lainnya. konferensi-konferensi tersebut.
5.3 Menghapuskan semua praktik berbahaya, 5.a Melakukan reformasi untuk memberi hak
seperti perkawinan usia anak, perkawinan yang sama kepada perempuan terhadap
dini dan paksa, serta sunat perempuan. sumber daya ekonomi, dan akses
5.4 Mengenali dan menghargai pekerjaan terhadap sumber daya ekonomi, serta
mengasuh dan pekerjaan rumah tangga akses terhadap kepemilikan dan kontrol
yang tidak dibayar melalui penyediaan atas tanah dan bentuk kepemilikan lain,
pelayanan publik, infrastruktur dan jasa keuangan, warisan dan sumber daya
kebijakan perlindungan sosial dan alam, sesuai dengan hukum nasional.
peningkatan tanggung jawab bersama 5.b Meningkatkan penggunaan teknologi
dalam rumah tangga dan keluarga yang yang memampukan, khususnya teknologi
tepat secara nasional. informasi dan komunikasi untuk
5.5 Menjamin partisipasi penuh dan meningkatkan pemberdayaan perempuan.
efektif serta kesempatan yang sama 5.c Mengadopsi dan memperkuat kebijakan
bagi perempuan untuk memimpin di yang baik dan perundang-undangan yang
semua tingkat pengambilan keputusan berlaku untuk peningkatan kesetaraan
dalam kehidupan politik, ekonomi dan gender dan pemberdayaan kaum
masyarakat. KESETARAAN
JENDER perempuan di semua tingkatan.

32
28
Tujuan 5 bertujuan untuk mencapai kesetaraan Ketimpangan upah merupakan salah satu
2030 Agenda NOTES: calls for an end 2011, 753 million people moved above the
gender di seluruh dunia dan pemberdayaan bentuk diskriminasi terhadap perempuan. ILO
l its forms and in all regions $1.90 extreme poverty threshold in China.
perempuan dan anak-anak perempuan di memperkirakan rata-rata kesenjangan upah
underlines• Howthedoesright to socialdiscrimination
gender-based Most ofmanifest itself in poverty
the extreme your country?
in the world can
manapun. Tujuan ini berupaya untuk mengakhiri berdasarkan gender di tingkat global adalah
is enshrined in the Universal be found in Sub-Saharan Africa and in South
segala bentuk diskriminasi atas dasar jenis sekitar 23 persen. Ini nanti akan dibahas
Human •Rights. It also
What legal calls are in place
frameworks Asia.toAccording
promote, enforce
to the andlatest
monitor equality andin
estimates,
kelamin dan bertujuan untuk menjamin peluang lebih lanjut pada Tujuan 10.
articularlynon-discrimination
the poor, to have on the basis2012
of sex?South Asia had 309 million people in
dan perlakuan yang sama bagi anak-anak
, and ownership of productive extreme poverty while undang-undang
Meskipun Sub-Saharan yang Africa
berkaitan
perempuan dan perempuan.
ell as access
• Whattoproportion
basic services.
of time is spent on unpaid domestic
harboured 388.7 and care
million work by
people. women?
So just
dengan perlindungan pasca melahirkan bagi
over 77.8% of the extreme poor lived in both
Karena MDG, dunia mulai menunjukkan ibu sudah mulai ada, namun diskriminasi
y or absolute
• What poverty
is the proportion
can of women in leadership
regions. The positions,
estimates including in trade unions?
also showed that in
kemajuan dalam hal kesetaraan gender terhadap perempuan karena alasan kehamilan
“severe deprivation of basic 2012, 147 million of the extreme poor lived
pada bidang-bidang seperti akses anak-anak dan persalinan juga terus meluas. Bentuk-
. Since 1990 the World in East Asia and the Pacific while 44 million
perempuan terhadap pendidikan, penurunan bentuk diskriminasi itu berkisar dari PHK
matically tried to determine lived in Latin America and the Caribbean,
jumlah pernikahan anak, akses terhadap sepihak hingga uji kehamilan wajib. Di sisi
y line, based on a measure and the Eastern Europe and Central Asia
hak seksual dan reproduktif serta penurunan lain, beberapa negara mulai memberlakukan
erty, which would determine combined.
angka kematian ibu. kebijakan yang ramah keluarga untuk
xtreme poverty in the world.
menyeimbangkan peran laki-laki dan
gy usedMenurut
is basedPBBon10 national
, hingga tahun 2014,While143the global poverty line is important
perempuan dalam mengasuh bayi yang baru
onverted using purchasing for international comparison and tracking
negara telah menjamin kesetaraan antara laki- lahir.
PPP) exchange rates (i.e. the of progress made in eradicating extreme
laki dan perempuan dalam konstitusi mereka.
of goods and services priced poverty, your country’s national poverty line
Menempatkan kesetaraan gender pada Bentuk diskriminasi gender lain yang juga
ross countries and converted is more appropriate for advocacy and policy
kerangka hukum dianggap sebagai langkah sangat sering terjadi adalah pelecehan seksual
currency, namely US$)1. engagement. Furthermore, while Target 1.1
penting dalam mengakhiri segala bentuk di tempat kerja. Meskipun kesadaran akan
poverty line of $1.25 a day focuses on extreme poverty, Target 1.2 calls
diskriminasi terhadap perempuan. isu ini mulai tinggi dan beberapa upaya telah
in 2005, is used in Target 1.1 for a reduction of at least by half of persons
dilakukan untuk mengesahkan peraturan
l. However, Salahin October
satu 2015
bentuk diskriminasi in poverty according to national
livingpada
adalah perundangan yang memadai, kesenjangan
obal poverty lineyang
pekerjaan measuring definitions.
tidak berbayar. Laporan PBB This Target therefore means that
dalam hal hukum dan praktik masih tetap
y was set at $1.90bahwa
menekankan by the the task of eradicating poverty is not limited
pada setiap kawasan, terjadi.
is important to underline that to low-income countries. Middle Income
perempuan dan anak-anak perempuan
es in the figure, the real value Countries and Developed countries are also
melakukan pekerja tak berbayar dalam jumlah Dalam hal partisipasi perempuan dalam
day’s prices is the same as called to reduce the levels of poverty in their
yang besar, di mana di dalamnya termasuk kepemimpinan, kita melihat adanya
5 prices. This global poverty countries based on their nationally defined
pekerjaan pengasuhan dan pekerjaan rumah peningkatan dalam hal partisipasi perempuan
ue to change in the future. poverty lines.
tangga. Rata-rata perempuan menghabiskan di parlemen pada 2016 di mana peningkatan
19 persen waktu mereka setiap harinya yang terjadi adalah sebesar 23 persen,
he most recent World Bank Whereas Middle-Income countries tend
melakukan kegiatan tak berbayar, sedangkan atau meningkat sebesar 6 persen selama
012, 896 million people lived to fix a moderate poverty line of between
laki-laki hanya 8 persen. Hal ini menimbulkan satu dekade. Tantangan ini juga terjadi
erty in the world on less than $1.90 PPP and $3.10 PPP per capita
beban berat terhadap perempuan yang pada peran kepemimpinan perempuan di
o 12.7 percent of the world’s per day, developed countries fix a relative
harus melakukan pekerjaan tak berbayar dan lembaga dan organisasi lain termasuk serikat
d in extreme poverty in 2012. poverty line which is set at 60 per cent of a
orld metpengasuhan dengan pekerjaan berbayar.
the Millennium country’s relative pekerja. Partisipasi
median perempuan
disposable pada posisi
income.
Goal to cut the 1990 extreme Target 1.2 is relevant to all these countries rata-rata.
kepemimpinan masih jauh di bawah
Diskriminasi juga terlihat dari kesenjangan
half, the extent of extreme as it calls for a reduction of at least by
antara angka partisipasi tenaga kerja antara
world is still unacceptably half the proportion of men, women and
laki-laki dan perempuan di berbagai negara di
children of all ages living in poverty in
dunia—sekitar 47,2 persen di Timur Tengah,
all its dimensions according to national
dan lebih dari 40 persen di Asia Selatan.
poverty rates have declined definitions, by 2030.
ogress has been uneven. Most
is attributed to declines in All the definitions of poverty mentioned above
y in China. Between 1981 and are income-based poverty measurements.
However it is important to state that poverty
p://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/ is multidimensional. It covers a whole range
ty-line-faq of other issues10 UN,besides the
op.cit., incomes of the
pp 8-9

3 31
29
Target dan Indikator Prioritas Serikat Pekerja Menurut Tujuan 5
NOTES:
Target Indikator

5.1 Mengakhiri segala bentuk diskriminasi 5.1.1 Ada maupun tidak ada kerangka
terhadap kaum perempuan di manapun. hukum dalam memajukan, menegakkan
dan memantau kesetaraan dan non-
diskriminasi atas dasar jenis kelamin.

5.4 Mengenali dan menghargai pekerjaan 5.4.1 Proporsi waktu yang dihabiskan
mengasuh dan pekerjaan rumah tangga untuk melakukan kerja pengasuhan
yang tidak dibayar melalui penyediaan dan rumah tangga yang tak berbayar
pelayanan publik, infrastruktur dan berdasarkan jenis kelamin, usia dan lokasi.
kebijakan perlindungan sosial dan
peningkatan tanggung jawab bersama
dalam rumah tangga dan keluarga yang
tepat secara nasional.

5.5 Menjamin partisipasi penuh dan 5.5.1 Proporsi kursi yang dipegang oleh
efektif dan kesempatan yang sama perempuan pada parlemen nasional dan
bagi perempuan untuk memimpin di pemerintah daerah.
semua tingkat pengambilan keputusan
dalam kehidupan politik, ekonomi dan 5.5.2 Proporsi perempuan pada posisi
masyarakat. manajerial.

Beberapa instrumen dan dokumen yang relevan dengan Tujuan 5


ILO: • Panduan Pengenalan Mengenai Upah
Setara. Martin Oelz, Shauna Olney,
• Konvensi Pengupahan yang Adil, 1951 Manuela Tomei, ILO, 2013
(No. 100)
Instrumen HAM:
• Konvensi Diskriminasi (Ketenagakerjaan
dan Jabatan), 1958 (No. 111) • Deklarasi Universal HAM
• Konvensi Pekerja dengan Tanggung • Kovenan Hak Ekonomi, Sosial dan
Jawab Keluarga, 1981 (No. 156) Budaya
• Konvensi Pekerja Rumah Tangga, 2011 • Kovenan Internasional Hak Sipil dan
(No. 189) Politik
• Konvensi Pekerja Paruh Waktu, 1994 • Konvensi Penghapusan Segala Bentuk
(No. 175) Diskriminasi Terhadap Perempuan
• Konvensi Pekerja Rumahan, 1996 (No. • Deklarasi Penghapusan Kekerasan
177) Terhadap Perempuan
• Konvensi Perlindungan Ibu Hamil, 2000 • Deklarasi PBB mengenai Hak
(No. 183) Masyarakat Hukum Adat

32
30
2030 Agenda Catatan:
NOTES: calls for an end 2011, 753 million people moved above the
l its forms and in all regions $1.90 extreme poverty threshold in China.
• Bagaimanakah wujud diskriminasi berdasarkan gender yang terjadi di negara Anda?
underlines
• Howthedoesright to socialdiscrimination
gender-based Most ofmanifest itself in poverty
the extreme your country?
in the world can
is enshrined in the Universal be found in Sub-Saharan
• Kerangka hukum apa yang sudah ada untuk memajukan, menegakkan dan Africa andmemantau
in South
Human •Rights.What It also
legal
kesetaraan calls are in place
frameworks
dan non-diskriminasiAsia. toAccording
promote,
berdasarkan enforce
jenis to andlatest
the
kelamin? monitor equality andin
estimates,
articularlynon-discrimination
the poor, to have on the basis2012
of sex?South Asia had 309 million people in
• Berapakah
, and ownership of proporsi waktu yangextreme
productive dihabiskan oleh laki-laki
poverty whiledalam melakukan pekerjaan
Sub-Saharan Africa rumah
ell as access tangga
• What tak berbayar
toproportion
basic dan is
services.
of time pekerjaan
spent onpengasuhan?
unpaid domestic
harboured and care people.
388.7 million work by women?
So just
over 77.8% of the extreme poor lived in both
•• What
y or absoluteBagaimanakah
poverty proporsiofperempuan
is the proportion
can women dalamTheposisi
in leadership
regions. kepemimpinan,
positions,
estimates includingtermasuk dalamin
in trade unions?
also showed that serikat
pekerja?
“severe deprivation of basic 2012, 147 million of the extreme poor lived
. Since 1990 the World in East Asia and the Pacific while 44 million
matically tried to determine lived in Latin America and the Caribbean,
y line, based on a measure and the Eastern Europe and Central Asia
erty, which would determine combined.
xtreme poverty in the world.
gy used is based on national While the global poverty line is important
onverted using purchasing for international comparison and tracking
PPP) exchange rates (i.e. the of progress made in eradicating extreme
of goods and services priced poverty, your country’s national poverty line
ross countries and converted is more appropriate for advocacy and policy
currency, namely US$)1. engagement. Furthermore, while Target 1.1
poverty line of $1.25 a day focuses on extreme poverty, Target 1.2 calls
in 2005, is used in Target 1.1 for a reduction of at least by half of persons
l. However, in October 2015 living in poverty according to national
obal poverty line measuring definitions. This Target therefore means that
y was set at $1.90 by the the task of eradicating poverty is not limited
is important to underline that to low-income countries. Middle Income
es in the figure, the real value Countries and Developed countries are also
day’s prices is the same as called to reduce the levels of poverty in their
5 prices. This global poverty countries based on their nationally defined
ue to change in the future. poverty lines.

he most recent World Bank Whereas Middle-Income countries tend


012, 896 million people lived to fix a moderate poverty line of between
erty in the world on less than $1.90 PPP and $3.10 PPP per capita
o 12.7 percent of the world’s per day, developed countries fix a relative
d in extreme poverty in 2012. poverty line which is set at 60 per cent of a
orld met the Millennium country’s relative median disposable income.
Goal to cut the 1990 extreme Target 1.2 is relevant to all these countries
half, the extent of extreme as it calls for a reduction of at least by
world is still unacceptably half the proportion of men, women and
children of all ages living in poverty in
all its dimensions according to national
poverty rates have declined definitions, by 2030.
ogress has been uneven. Most
is attributed to declines in All the definitions of poverty mentioned above
y in China. Between 1981 and are income-based poverty measurements.
However it is important to state that poverty
p://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/ is multidimensional. It covers a whole range
ty-line-faq of other issues besides the incomes of the

3 31
Catatan:
NOTES:

32
32
AIR BERSIH
DAN SANITASI
Tujuan 6
2030 AgendaNOTES: calls for an end
l its forms and in all regions
Menjamin Ketersediaan serta
2011, 753 million people moved above the
$1.90 extreme poverty threshold in China.
underlines
• Howthe
doesright
is enshrined in the Universal
Pengelolaan Air Bersih dan
to socialdiscrimination
gender-based Most ofmanifest itself in poverty
the extreme your country?
in the world can
be found in Sub-Saharan Africa and in South
Human •Rights. It also
What legal frameworks
articularlynon-discrimination
the poor, to have Sanitasi yang Berkelanjutan
calls are in place
Asia.toAccording
on the basis2012
promote, enforce
to the andlatest
monitor equality andin
estimates,
of sex?South Asia had 309 million people in
, and ownership of productive extreme poverty while Sub-Saharan Africa
ell as access
• Whattoproportion
basic services. untuk Semua
of time is spent on unpaid domestic
harboured and care people.
388.7 million work by women?
So just
over 77.8% of the extreme poor lived in both
y or absolute
• What poverty
is the proportion
can of women in leadership
regions. The positions,
estimates including in trade unions?
also showed that in
“severe deprivation of basic 2012, 147 million of the extreme poor lived
. Since 1990 the World in East Asia and the Pacific while 44 million
matically tried to determine lived in Latin America and the Caribbean,
y line, based on a measure and the Eastern Europe and Central Asia
erty, which would determine combined.
xtreme poverty in the world.
gy used is based on national While the global poverty line is important
onverted using purchasing for international comparison and tracking
PPP) exchange rates (i.e. the of progress made in eradicating extreme
of goods and services priced poverty, your country’s national poverty line
ross countries and converted is more appropriate for advocacy and policy
currency, namely US$)1. engagement. Furthermore, while Target 1.1
poverty line of $1.25 a day focuses on extreme poverty, Target 1.2 calls
in 2005, is used in Target 1.1 for a reduction of at least by half of persons
l. However, in October 2015 living in poverty according to national
obal poverty line measuring definitions. This Target therefore means that
y was set at $1.90 by the the task of eradicating poverty is not limited
is important to underline that to low-income countries. Middle Income
es in the figure, the real value Countries and Developed countries are also
day’s prices is the same as called to reduce the levels of poverty in their
5 prices. This global poverty countries based on their nationally defined
ue to change in the future. poverty lines.

he most recent World Bank Whereas Middle-Income countries tend


012, 896 million people lived to fix a moderate poverty line of between
erty in the world on less than $1.90 PPP and $3.10 PPP per capita
o 12.7 percent of the world’s per day, developed countries fix a relative
d in extreme poverty in 2012. poverty line which is set at 60 per cent of a
orld met the Millennium country’s relative median disposable income.
Goal to cut the 1990 extreme Target 1.2 is relevant to all these countries
half, the extent of extreme as it calls for a reduction of at least by
world is still unacceptably half the proportion of men, women and
children of all ages living in poverty in
all its dimensions according to national
poverty rates have declined definitions, by 2030.
ogress has been uneven. Most
is attributed to declines in All the definitions of poverty mentioned above
y in China. Between 1981 and are income-based poverty measurements.
However it is important to state that poverty
p://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/ is multidimensional. It covers a whole range
ty-line-faq of other issues besides the incomes of the

3 31
33
NOTES: AIR BERSIH
DAN SANITASI
Tujuan 6
• What proportion of the population in your country uses safe drinking water?
Menjamin Ketersediaan
• What can your union do to ensure universal and equitable access to safe and affordable
drinking water for all? serta Pengelolaan Air
Bersih dan Sanitasi yang
Berkelanjutan untuk Semua

6.1 Pada 2030, mencapai akses universal dan pasokan air tawar yang berkelanjutan
dan merata terhadap air minum yang untuk mengatasi kelangkaan air, serta
aman dan terjangkau bagi semua. secara signifikan mengurangi jumlah
orang yang menderita akibat kelangkaan
6.2 Pada 2030, mencapai akses terhadap air.
sanitasi dan kebersihan yang
memadai dan merata bagi semua, 6.5 Pada 2030, menerapkan pengelolaan
juga menghentikan praktik buang air sumber daya air terpadu di semua
besar di tempat terbuka, memberikan tingkatan, termasuk melalui kerjasama
perhatian khusus pada kebutuhan kaum lintas batas yang tepat.
perempuan, serta kelompok masyarakat
rentan. 6.6 Pada 2020, melindungi dan merestorasi
ekosistem terkait sumber daya air,
6.3 Pada 2030, meningkatkan kualitas termasuk pegunungan, hutan, lahan
air dengan mengurangi polusi, basah, sungai, air tanah dan danau.
menghilangkan pembuangan, dan
meminimalkan pelepasan material dan 6.a Pada 2030 memperluas kerjasama
bahan kimia berbahaya, mengurangi dan dukungan internasional dalam
setengah proporsi air limbah yang pembangunan kapasitas bagi negara-
tidak diolah dan secara signifikan negara berkembang, dalam program dan
meningkatkan daur ulang, serta kegiatan terkait air dan sanitasi, termasuk
penggunaan kembali barang daur ulang pemenuhan air, desalinasi, efisiensi air,
yang aman secara global. pengolahan air limbah, daur ulang dan
teknologi daur ulang.
6.4 Pada 2030, secara signifikan
meningkatkan efisiensi penggunaan air di 6.b Mendukung dan memperkuat partisipasi
semua sektor dan menjamin penggunaan masyarakat lokal dalam meningkatkan
pengelolaan air dan sanitasi.
AIR BERSIH
DAN SANITASI

36
34
Tujuan 6 berupaya untuk menjamin ketersediaan 2000 yang hanya 82 persen. Meskipun ada
2030 AgendaGoal 6 seeks
calls to forensure
an endavailability2011,
and 753 million
population, people
used an moved
improved above
drinking
the water
dan kelestarian pengelolaan air dan sanitasi perbaikan, diperkirakan sebanyak 663 juta
l its forms
sustainable
and inmanagement
all regionsof water$1.90 and extreme source,
poverty
versusthreshold
82 per centin in China.
2000. Despite
bagi semua. Dalam hal ini, tujuan yang ingin orang masih menggunakan sumber air yang
underlines
sanitation
the right
for all. toIn social
this regard, the
Mostgoalof the extreme
this improvement,
povertyaninestimated
the world 663can
million
dicapai adalah akses universal dan adil terhadap kurang baik atau air permukaan di tahun
is enshrined
aims atin achieving
the Universal
universal and equitable
be found in Sub-Saharan
people were using Africa
unimproved
and in water
South
sources
air minum yang aman dan terjangkau serta tersebut.
Human accessRights.to safe
It alsoand calls
affordable drinking
Asia.water
According or surface
to thewater
latestthat estimates,
year. in
kualitas dan kelestarian sumber air di seluruh
articularly
for all
theas poor,
well asto quality
haveand sustainability
2012 South of Asia had 309 million people
Dalam uraian kawasan, di seluruh kawasan, in
dunia. Selain itu, tujuan juga berupaya menjamin
, and ownership
water resourcesof productive
worldwide. In addition
extremeto thepoverty
In cakupannya
terms
while
of regional
Sub-Saharan
sekitar 90 persen kecualiwas
breakdown, Africa
coverage di
sanitasi dan kebersihan yang memadai dan adil
ell as access
above, the
to basic
goal aims services.
at ensuring adequate
harboured 388.7 around million
90 per cent
people.
or more Soin all
daerah Sub-Sahara Afrika dan Oseania.justregions
bagi semua pada 2030.
and equitable sanitation and hygiene overfor77.8%
all except
of thesub-Saharan
extreme poor Africa lived
and Oceania.
in both
Namun ketimpangan yang meluas dalam
y or absolute
by 2030. poverty can regions. The However,
estimates widespread
also showed
inequalitiesthatin coverage
in
Dalam hal akses terhadap air minum, hal cakupan masih terus terjadi di dalam
“severe deprivation of basic 2012, 147 million persist within
of the
andextreme
among countries.
poor lived
Moreover,
kemajuan telah terlihat namun masih banyak dan kalangan negara-negara dunia. Terlebih
. Since Progress
1990 the has World
been made in the area in of
East
access
Asia notand allthe
improved
Pacific sources
whileare 44safe.million
For instance,
yang harus dilakukan. Menurut PBB pada lagi tidak semua sumber air yang baik
maticallyto drinking
tried towater,determine
however more remains
lived in to LatininAmerica
2012 it was and
estimated
the Caribbean,
that at least 1.8
2015, 6,6 miliar penduduk dunia atau 91 aman untuk dikonsumsi. Misalnya pada
y line, based
be done. onAccording
a measure to the UN1, inand 2015,the6.6Eastern
billionEurope
people were
andexposed
Central to drinking
Asia water
persen di antaranya menggunakan sumber air 2012, diperkirakan setidaknya 1,8 milliar
erty, whichbillion people,
would or 91 per cent of the
determine global
combined. sources contaminated with faecal matter.
minum yang lebih baik, dibandingkan pada orang terpapar sumber air minum yang
xtreme poverty in the world.
terkontaminasi elemen feses.
gy used is based on national While the global poverty line is important
1
UN, op. cit., pp. 10-11
onverted11 UN,
using purchasing
op.cit., pp 10-11
for international comparison and tracking
PPP) exchange rates (i.e. the of progress made in eradicating extreme
of goods and services priced poverty, your country’s national poverty line
ross countries and converted is more appropriate for advocacy and policy
currency, namely US$) 1
.
Trade Union Priority engagement.
Targets and Furthermore,
Indicators under while Target
Goal 61.1
poverty line of $1.25 a day
Target dan Indikator Prioritas Serikat Pekerja Menurut 1.2
focuses on extreme poverty, Target Tujuancalls6
in 2005, is used in Target 1.1 for a reduction of at least by half of persons
l. However, in October Targets 2015
Target living in poverty according Indicators
to Indikator
national
obal poverty line measuring definitions.
6.1 By 2030, achieve universal and equitable
This Target therefore means that
6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed
6.1
y was setaccess Pada
at $1.90 2030,
by mencapai
the aksestheuniversal
task
to safe and affordable drinking water for all of 6.1.1
eradicating Proporsi populasi
poverty
drinking water services is yang limited
not menggunakan
is importantdan merata
to underlineterhadapthatair minumtoyang aman
low-income layanan air minum
countries. Middle yangIncome
terkelola dengan
dan terjangkau
es in the figure, the real bagi semua. Countries and aman.
value Developed countries are also
day’s prices is the same as called to reduce the levels of poverty in their
5 prices. This global Somepoverty instruments countries based on their
and documents relevantnationally
to Goaldefined
6
ue to change in the future. poverty lines.

he most recentBeberapa
World Bank instrumen Whereas
dan dokumen yang relevan
Middle-Income dengantend
countries Tujuan 5
012, 896Human million Rights
people instruments:
lived to fix a moderate poverty line of between
erty in the world on less than $1.90 PPP and $3.10 PPP per capita
Instrumen
• Universal HAM:
Declaration of Human
o 12.7 percent of the world’s per Rights
day, developed countries fix a relative
d in extreme• poverty
Deklarasi in 2012.
Universal HAM poverty
• International Covenant on Economic, Social line which is setRights
and Cultural at 60 per cent of a
orld met the Millennium country’s relative median disposable income.
Goal to cut• Kovenan
•the 1990Internasional
Convention Hak
on the Rights
extreme Ekonomi,
of Target
the Child Sosial
1.2 dan Budaya
is relevant to all these countries
half, the extent of extreme as it calls for a reduction of at least by
• Konvensi Hak
• Convention on Anak
the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
world is still unacceptably half the proportion of men, women and
• Konvensi Penghapusan children
Segala Bentuk of all ages
Diskriminasi
• Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities living
terhadap in poverty
Perempuan in
all its dimensions according to national
• Konvensi
poverty rates Hak-hak Penyandang
have declined Disabilitas by 2030.
definitions,
ogress has been uneven. Most
is attributed to declines in All the definitions of poverty mentioned above
y in China. Between 1981 and are income-based poverty measurements.
However it is important to state that poverty
p://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/ is multidimensional. It covers a whole range
ty-line-faq of other issues besides the incomes of the

3 35
Catatan:
NOTES:
• •Bagaimana proporsiofpopulasi
What proportion di negara
the population Andacountry
in your dalam uses
menggunakan air minum
safe drinking water? yang aman?
• Apa yang serikat pekerja dapat lakukan dalam menjamin akses yang universal dan adil
• What can your union do to ensure universal and equitable access to safe and affordable
terhadap air minum yang aman dan terjangkau bagi semua?
drinking water for all?

36
36
ENERGI BERSIH
DAN TERJANGKAU
Tujuan 7
2030 AgendaGoal 6 seeks
l its forms
calls to
sustainable
for
and inmanagement
ensure
an end Menjamin Akses Energi
availability2011,
all regionsof water$1.90
and
and
753 million
extreme
population,
source,
poverty
people
used an moved
versusthreshold
improved
82 per centin
above
drinking
in China.
the water
2000. Despite
underlines
sanitation
is enshrined
the right
aims atin
for all. to
achieving
In social
the Universal
yang Terjangkau, Andal,
this regard, the goalof the extreme
Most
universal and equitable
this improvement,
be found in Sub-Saharan
povertyaninestimated
people were using Africa
the world
unimproved
and in
663can
water
million
South
sources
Human access
articularly
Rights.
for all
the
to safe
It also
as poor,
well asto
and calls
quality Berkelanjutan dan Moderen
affordable drinking
Asia.water
haveand sustainability
According
2012 South of
or surface
to the water
latestthat estimates,
year.
Asia had 309 million people in
in

, and ownership
water resourcesof productive
worldwide. In addition to thepoverty
extreme In terms
while
of regional
Sub-Saharan
breakdown,Africa
coverage was
ell as access
above, the
to basic
goal aimsservices. untuk Semua
at ensuring adequate
harboured 388.7 around million
90 per centpeople.
or moreSo in all
justregions
and equitable sanitation and hygiene overfor77.8%
all except
of thesub-Saharan
extreme poor Africa lived
and Oceania.
in both
y or absolute
by 2030. poverty can regions. The However,
estimates widespread
also showed
inequalities
thatin coverage
in
“severe deprivation of basic 2012, 147 million persist within
of the
andextreme
among countries.
poor lived
Moreover,
. Since Progress
1990 the has World
been made in the area in of
East
accessAsia notand allthe
improved
Pacific sources
whileare 44
safe.million
For instance,
maticallyto drinking
tried towater,determine
however more remains
lived in to LatininAmerica
2012 it was and
estimated
the Caribbean,
that at least 1.8
y line, based
be done. onAccording
a measure to the UN1, inand 2015,
the 6.6Eastern
billionEurope
people were
andexposed
Central to drinking
Asia water
erty, whichbillion people,
would or 91 per cent of the
determine global
combined. sources contaminated with faecal matter.
xtreme poverty in the world.
gy used is based on national While the global poverty line is important
1
UN, op. cit., pp. 10-11
onverted using purchasing for international comparison and tracking
PPP) exchange rates (i.e. the of progress made in eradicating extreme
of goods and services priced poverty, your country’s national poverty line
ross countries and converted is more appropriate for advocacy and policy
currency, namely US$) 1
.
Trade Union Priority engagement.
Targets and Furthermore,
Indicators under while Target
Goal 61.1
poverty line of $1.25 a day focuses on extreme poverty, Target 1.2 calls
in 2005, is used in Target 1.1 for a reduction of at least by half of persons
l. However, in October 2015 Targets living in poverty according Indicators
to national
obal poverty line measuring definitions.
6.1 By 2030, achieve universal and equitable
This Target therefore means that
6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed
y was setaccess
at $1.90 by the the task
to safe and affordable drinking water for all of eradicating poverty
drinking water services is not limited
is important to underline that to low-income countries. Middle Income
es in the figure, the real value Countries and Developed countries are also
day’s prices is the same as called to reduce the levels of poverty in their
5 prices. This global poverty
Some instruments countries based on their
and documents relevantnationally
to Goaldefined
6
ue to change in the future. poverty lines.

he most recent World Bank Whereas Middle-Income countries tend


012, 896Human million Rights
people instruments:
lived to fix a moderate poverty line of between
erty in the world on less than $1.90 PPP and $3.10 PPP per capita
• Universal Declaration
o 12.7 percent of the world’s of Human
per Rights
day, developed countries fix a relative
d in extreme poverty in 2012. poverty
• International Covenant on Economic, Socialline which is setRights
and Cultural at 60 per cent of a
orld met the Millennium country’s relative median disposable income.
Goal to cut•theConvention on the Rights of Target
1990 extreme the Child1.2 is relevant to all these countries
half, the extent of extreme as it calls for a reduction of at least by
• Convention
world is still unacceptably on the Elimination of All
half the Forms of Discrimination
proportion of men, Against
womenWomen
and
children of all ages
• Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities living in poverty in
all its dimensions according to national
poverty rates have declined definitions, by 2030.
ogress has been uneven. Most
is attributed to declines in All the definitions of poverty mentioned above
y in China. Between 1981 and are income-based poverty measurements.
However it is important to state that poverty
p://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/ is multidimensional. It covers a whole range
ty-line-faq of other issues besides the incomes of the

3 35
37
NOTES: ENERGI BERSIH
DAN TERJANGKAU
Tujuan 7
• What proportion of the population of your country has access to electricity?
Menjamin Ketersediaan
• What is the share of renewable energy in your country’s total final energy consumption?
serta Pengelolaan Air
• To what extent are trade unions being associated with energy policy by the government and
what contribution can you make? Bersih dan Sanitasi yang
Berkelanjutan untuk Semua

7.1 Pada 2030, menjamin akses universal 7.b Pada 2030, memperluas infrastruktur
layanan energi yang terjangkau, andal dan meningkatkan teknologi untuk
dan moderen. penyediaan layanan energi moderen
dan berkelanjutan bagi semua negara-
7.2 Pada 2030, meningkatkan secara negara berkembang, khususnya negara
substansial proporsi energi terbarukan kurang berkembang, negara berkembang
dalam bauran energi global. di pulau kecil dan negara berkembang
7.3 Pada 2030, meningkatkan dua kali lipat terkurung daratan, sesuai program
angka perbaikan efisiensi energi global. dukungan masing-masing.

7.a Pada 2030, memperkuat kerjasama


internasional untuk memfasilitasi
akses pada teknologi dan riset energi
bersih, termasuk energi terbarukan,
efisiensi energi, teknologi bahan bakar
fosil yang lebih bersih dan maju, serta
meningkatkan investasi di bidang
infrastruktur energi dan teknologi energi
bersih.

ENERGI BERSIH
DAN TERJANGKAU

40
38
Tujuan 7 berupaya untuk menjamin akses Terlebih lagi dalam upaya memenuhi fokus
2030 Agenda Goal 7 seekscallstofor ensure
an end access to affordable,
2011, 753 million sustainability,
people share ofabove
themoved renewable the
terhadap energi moderen yang terjangkau, dapat mengenai kelestarian lingkungan, proporsi
l its formsreliable,
andsustainable
in all regions and modern energy $1.90forextreme energypoverty
(derived threshold
from hydropower,
in China. solid
diandalkan, serta berkelanjutan bagi semua. energi terbarukan (yang didapatkan dari
underlinesall. Universal
the right accessto social
to modern sustainable
Most of the extreme and liquidpovertybiofuels,in wind,
thethe world sun,canbiogas,
Akses universal terhadap energi berkelanjutan hydropower, biofuel cair dan padat, angin,
is enshrined
energy is inseenthe as Universal
a key factor if the beSDGs
found are in Sub-Saharan
geothermal and Africa marine sources,
and in South and
yang moderen dipandang sebagai faktor utama matahari, biogas, panas bumi dan sumber
HumantoRights. be achieved.It also calls Asia. According waste) tointhe thelatest
world’sestimates,
total final energy in
bila akan mencapai SDG. daya laut, dan limbah) terhadap konsumsi
articularly the poor, to have 2012 South consumptionAsia had 309 has increased
million people slowly - in from
energi dunia meningkat sangat perlahan—
, and ownership
According toof productive
the UN 1
,
Menurut PBB , proporsi populasi global
12 the proportion of
extreme the poverty17.4 while
per centSub-Saharan
in 2000 to 18.1Africaper cent
dari 17,4 persen tahun 2000 menjadi
ell as access
global to basic
population
yang memiliki aksesservices.
with access to
terhadap electricity
harboured
listrik akan 388.7
in 2012. million
However, people.
modern Sorenewable
just
18.1 persen pada 2012. Namun, konsumsi
has increased steadily, from 79 per cent77.8%
over in energy
of the consumption,
extreme poor grewlived
rapidly in both
at a
meningkat secara tetap, dari 79 persen energi terbarukan moderen tumbuh sebesar
y or absolute
2000 topoverty
85 per cent canin 2012. Despite this Therate
regions. estimates
of 4 per alsocent ashowed
year between that 2010in
pada 2000 menjadi 85 persen pada 2012. 4 persen
“severe progress,
deprivation an estimated
of basic 1.1 billion2012,people are 147 million
and 2012, of per
thetahun
and antarapoor
accounted
extreme 2010
for hingga
60lived
per cent
Meskipun terdapat kemajuan, diperkirakan 2012, dan sejumlah 60 persen dari semua
. Since still1990 without
the electricity.
World While recent in progress
East Asia of and all the
new Pacific
power-generating
while 44 capacity
million in
sebanyak 1,1 miliar jiwa masih belum kapasitas pembangkit listrik baru pada
matically is attributable
tried to determine to Asia, worldwide access lived in to Latin2014.America The technologies
and the Caribbean, making the largest
memiliki aliran listrik. Karena kemajuan yang 2014. Tekonologi yang berkontribusi sangat
y line, based
electricityonisalargely
measure unequal. Since and2010,
the80 Easterncontribution
Europe have
andbeenCentralhydropower,
Asia wind
terlihat ada di Asia, akses terhadap listrik di besar adalah hydropower, energi angin dan
erty, which per cent
would of those
determinegaining access worldwide combined. and solar energy; which together account
seluruh dunia masih belum merata. Sejak matahari; sejumlah 73 persen dari total
are urban in
xtreme poverty dwellers.
the world. for 73 per cent of the total increase in
tahun 2010, 80 persen dari mereka yang peningkatan energi terbarukan moderen
gy used is based on national While the global modern poverty
renewable lineenergy
is important
between 2010
mendapatkan akses di seluruh dunia adalah antara tahun 2010 dan 2012.
onverted Furthermore,
using purchasing in an effort to meetfor international and 2012.
comparison and tracking
yang tinggal di perkotaan.
PPP) exchangethe growing rates focus (i.e.on the environmental of progress made in eradicating extreme
of goods and services priced poverty, your country’s national poverty line
ross countries
1
12 UN, and
UN, op.op.cit.,
cit., converted
pp.pp. 11-12
11-12 is more appropriate for advocacy and policy
currency, namely US$)1. engagement. Furthermore, while Target 1.1
poverty line of $1.25 a day focuses on extreme poverty, Target 1.2 calls
in 2005, is used Target
Tradedan
in TargetUnion Indikator
1.1 Priority Prioritas
for Targets
a reduction Serikat
and of Pekerja
Indicators
at least by Menurut
under
half Goalof Tujuan 7 7
persons
l. However, in October 2015 living in poverty according to national
obal poverty line measuring Target definitions. This Target therefore Indikator
means that
y was set at $1.90 by Targets the the task of eradicating poverty Indicators is not limited
is important 7.1 Pada 2030, menjamin
to underline that akses universal 7.1.1 ProporsiMiddle
populasiIncomeyang memiliki
7.1 By 2030,
layanan ensureyang
energi universal access totoandal
terjangkau,
low-income
dan
countries.
7.1.1 Proportion
akses of population
terhadap with access to Electricity
listrik.
es in the affordable,
figure, the reliable real value energy services
and modern Countries and Developed countries are also
day’s prices moderen.
is the same as called to reduce the levels of poverty in their
7.a By 2030, enhance international cooperation 7.a.1 Mobilized amount of United States dollars per year
5 prices. toThis global
facilitate access poverty
to clean energy countries
research and basedin on
starting 2020 their nationally
accountable defined
ue to change 7.a Padain 2030,
the memperkuat kerjasama
future. poverty lines. 7.a.1 Jumlah dana towards the $100 billion
yang dimobilisasi
technology, including renewable energy, energy commitment
internasional
efficiency and advanced untukand memfasilitasi akses
cleaner fossil-fuel per tahun mulai tahun 2020 menuju
pada teknologi
technology,
he most recent World Bank and dan
promote riset energi
investment in bersih,
energy
Whereas Middle-Income pemenuhan komitmen countries mencapai
tend $100
termasuk
infrastructure
012, 896 million people lived energi
and cleanterbarukan,
energy efisiensi
technology miliar.
to fix a moderate poverty line of between
erty in the energi,
7.b world
By 2030, canggih,
on
expandless teknologi
than bahan
infrastructure bakar fosil
and$1.90
upgrade PPP and
7.b.1 $3.10in PPP
Investments energy per capita
efficiency as a percentage
yang lebih
o 12.7 percent of the world’s
technology for bersih,
supplying dan
modernmempromosikan
and per day, developed countries fix a relative
sustainable of GDP and the amount of foreign direct investment in
investasi
energy services
d in extreme poverty in 2012. di bidang
for all in infrastruktur
developing energi
countries, dan
poverty line which is set at 60 per cent of ato
in financial transfer for infrastructure and technology
particular
teknologi leastenergi
developed countries, small island
bersih. sustainable development services
orld metdeveloping
the Millennium
States and landlocked developing
country’s relative median disposable income.
Goal to cut the 1990
countries, in accordanceextreme Target 1.2 is relevant to all these countries
with their respective
7.b
half, theprogrammes Pada
extent of 2030,
extreme
of support memperluas as it calls for a7.b.1
infrastruktur Investasiof
reduction pada
at efisensi
least by energi
dan meningkatkan
world is still unacceptably teknologi untuk sebagai persentase
half the proportion of men, women and PDB dan jumlah
penyediaan layanan energi moderen childrendan of allinvestasiages livingasing langsung
in poverty dalamin transfer
berkelanjutan Some bagi semua negara-negara
instruments anddimensions
all its documents keuangan untuk infrastruktur
relevant
according toto Goal 7dan teknologi
national
berkembang,
poverty rates have declined khususnya negara kurang
definitions, by 2030. bagi layanan pembangunan berkelanjutan.
ogress has berkembang,
been uneven. negaraMost berkembang pulau
is attributed kecil todan
Human negara
declinesRights berkembang
ininstruments: terkurung
All the definitions of poverty mentioned above
y in China. daratan,
Between sesuai1981 program and dukungan are masing-
income-based poverty measurements.
• Universal Declaration of Human
masing. However it is• important InternationaltoCovenant
state that on Economic,
poverty
Rights is multidimensional. Social andIt Cultural
covers Rights
a whole range
p://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/
ty-line-faq of other issues besides the incomes of the

3 39
Beberapa instrumen dan dokumen yang relevan dengan Tujuan 7
NOTES:
Instrumen HAM: of the population of your country has access to electricity?
• What proportion

• Deklarasi
• What is theUniversal
share of HAM
renewable energy in your country’s total final energy consumption?
• Kovenan Internasional Hak Ekonomi, Sosial dan Budaya
• To what extent are trade unions being associated with energy policy by the government and
what contribution can you make?

Catatan:
• Berapakah proporsi populasi di negara Anda yang memiliki akses terhadap listrik?
• Bagaimanakah proporsi energi terbarukan terhadap konsumsi energi final negara Anda?
• Sampai sejauh manakah serikat pekerja dihubungkan dengan kebijakan energi pemerintah
dan kontribusi seperti apakah yang dapat Anda berikan sebagai serikat?

40
40
KERJA LAYAK DAN
PERTUMBUHAN
Tujuan 8
EKONOMI
2030 AgendaGoal 7 seeks
l its forms
reliable,
callstofor
andsustainable
ensure
an end
in all regions
Meningkatkan Pertumbuhan
access to affordable,
2011, 753 million
and modern energy
$1.90forextreme
sustainability,
energy
people
poverty
(derived
share ofabove
themoved
threshold
renewable
from hydropower,
in China.
the
solid
underlines
all. Universal
is enshrined
the right
energy is inseen
access
the as
to social
Universal
Ekonomi yang Inklusif dan
to modern sustainable
Most of the extreme
a key factor if the
beSDGs
found
and liquidpoverty
are in Sub-Saharan
biofuels,in
geothermal and Africa
wind,
thethe world
marine sources,
sun,can
and in Southand
biogas,

HumantoRights.be achieved.It also calls


articularly the poor, to have Berkelanjutan, Kesempatan
Asia. According waste)
2012 South consumption
tointhe
thelatest
Asia had 309
world’sestimates,
total final energy
has increased
million people
in
slowly - infrom
, and ownership
According to oftheproductive
UN1, the proportion of the poverty
extreme 17.4 while
per centSub-Saharan
in 2000 to 18.1 Africa
per cent
ell as access to basic with
global population services. Kerja yang Produktif dan
access to electricity
harboured 388.7 in 2012. million
However,people.
modern Sorenewable
just
has increased steadily, from 79 per cent77.8%
over in energy
of the consumption,
extreme poor grew
lived
rapidly
in both
at a
y or absolute
2000 topoverty
“severe progress,
deprivation
85 per cent
an estimated
of basic
Menyeluruh, serta Pekerjaan
canin 2012. Despite
1.1 billion2012,
this Therate
regions.
people are
estimates
147 million
of 4 per also
and 2012, of and
cent ashowed
year between
the accounted
extreme poor
that 2010
in
for 60lived
per cent
. Since still
matically
1990 withoutthe electricity.
is attributable
World While recent yang Layak untuk Semua
in progress
to Asia, worldwide access
tried to determine
East Asia of
lived in
and
to Latin2014.
all the
new Pacific
America
power-generating
while 44
The technologies
and the Caribbean,
capacity
million in
making the largest
y line, based
electricity onisalargely
measureunequal. Since and2010,
the80 Eastern
contribution
Europehave andbeen
Central
hydropower,
Asia wind
erty, whichper cent
would of those gaining access worldwide
determine combined. and solar energy; which together account
are urban in
xtreme poverty dwellers.
the world. for 73 per cent of the total increase in
gy used is based on national While the global modern poverty
renewablelineenergy
is important
between 2010
onverted Furthermore,
using purchasing in an effort to meetfor international and 2012.
comparison and tracking
the growing
PPP) exchange ratesfocus on the
(i.e. environmentalof progress made in eradicating extreme
of goods and services priced poverty, your country’s national poverty line
ross countries
1
and
UN, op. cit., converted
pp. 11-12 is more appropriate for advocacy and policy
currency, namely US$)1. engagement. Furthermore, while Target 1.1
poverty line of $1.25 a day focuses on extreme poverty, Target 1.2 calls
in 2005, is usedTrade Union Priority
in Target 1.1 for Targets
a reduction and of Indicators
at least by under
half Goal 7
of persons
l. However, in October 2015 living in poverty according to national
obal poverty line measuring definitions. This Target therefore means that
y was set at $1.90 by Targets the the task of eradicating poverty Indicatorsis not limited
is important to underline that
7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to to low-income7.1.1 Proportion of population with Income
countries. Middle access to Electricity
es in the affordable,
figure, the real
reliable value energy services
and modern Countries and Developed countries are also
day’s prices is the same as called to reduce the levels of poverty in their
7.a By 2030, enhance international cooperation 7.a.1 Mobilized amount of United States dollars per year
5 prices. toThis global poverty countries
facilitate access to clean energy research and basedin on
starting 2020their nationally
accountable defined
towards the $100 billion
ue to change in the future. poverty
technology, including renewable energy, energy lines.
commitment
efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel
technology,World
he most recent and promote
Bank investment in energy
Whereas Middle-Income countries tend
infrastructure and
012, 896 million people lived clean energy technology
to fix a moderate poverty line of between
erty in the 7.b world
By 2030,on less
expand than
infrastructure and$1.90
upgrade PPP and
7.b.1 $3.10in PPP
Investments energy per capita
efficiency as a percentage
o 12.7 percent of the world’s
technology for supplying modern and per day, developed countries fix a relative
sustainable of GDP and the amount of foreign direct investment in
energy services
d in extreme poverty in 2012.for all in developing countries,
poverty line which is set at 60 per cent of ato
in financial transfer for infrastructure and technology
particular least developed countries, small island sustainable development services
orld metdeveloping
the Millennium
States and landlocked developing
country’s relative median disposable income.
Goal to cut the 1990
countries, extreme
in accordance Target 1.2 is relevant to all these countries
with their respective
half, theprogrammes
extent of extreme
of support as it calls for a reduction of at least by
world is still unacceptably half the proportion of men, women and
children of all ages living in poverty in
Some instruments anddimensions
all its documents according
relevant toto Goal 7
national
poverty rates have declined definitions, by 2030.
ogress has been uneven. Most
is attributed Human Rightsininstruments:
to declines All the definitions of poverty mentioned above
y in China. Between 1981 and are income-based poverty measurements.
• Universal Declaration of Human However it is• important
InternationaltoCovenant
state that on Economic,
poverty
Rights is Social
multidimensional. and
It Cultural
covers Rights
a whole range
p://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/
ty-line-faq of other issues besides the incomes of the

3 39
41
To achieve this objective, decent work
KERJA LAYAK
be placed at the heart of macroeconomic
PERTUMBUHAN
DAN must
Tujuan 8
In the pursuit of decent work for all, one
must also meet the challenge to ensure
policies of countries. The creation
EKONOMI of the effective exercise of rights at work.
decent jobs cannot be seen simply as a Meningkatkan Pertumbuhan
Target 8.8 is of special significance to
by-product of growth but must rather be trade unions as it aims at protecting labour
one of the central concerns in the design Ekonomi yang Inklusif dan
rights including safe and healthy working
of the economic growth strategy. In other conditions, particularly for migrant workers
words, the creation of decent jobs must be Berkelanjutan, Kesempatan
and those in precarious employment.
a central preoccupation of macroeconomic Kerja yang Produktif dan
The key indicator of progress linked to this
policy alongside fiscal and monetary policy Target is to increase national compliance
concerns. Menyeluruh, serta Pekerjaan
of labour rights, which has at its core the
respect for freedom of association and the
Since the global financial crisis, the global yang Layak untuk Semua
right to collective bargaining – rights that
economy is yet to recover fully. It is still are enshrined in Conventions 87 and 98
trapped in a cycle of low growth which is as well as the Declaration on Fundamental
having a devastating effect on the creation Principles and Rights at Work. Among these
of jobs and poverty reduction. According to fundamental ILO conventions, those that
8.1
theMempertahankan
ILO1, over the next pertumbuhan
two years, the ekonomi
global have produksi,
least beenserta usaha
ratified aremelepas
Conventions 87
per kapita
economy sesuai dengan
is projected to growkondisi
only be 3% kaitan
and 98. pertumbuhan
Indeed more thanekonomi
40 per centdari of the
nasional
which dan setidaknya
is significantly 7 persen
less than before the last world’s degradasi
populationlingkungan sesuai dengan
lives in countries that have
pertumbuhan produk domestik
global financial crisis. Weak global growth, bruto per Kerangka Kerjra Program 10 Tahun
not ratified these two core conventions, which
tahunwith
coupled di negara kurang berkembang.
financialization of the global untuk Komsumsi
are considered dan Produksi
as the enabling rightsyang
to the
economy and high levels of inequality are Berkelanjutan,
achievement dengan
of all other negara-negara
rights. So for trade
8.2 Mencapai
having tingkatemployment
devastating produktivitas andekonomi
social maju
unions, thesebagai
campaign pengarah.
for the ratification and
yang lebih
consequences. tinggi, melalui diversifikasi, implementation of these core rights, coupled
peningkatan dan inovasi teknologi, 8.5 Pada
with the use2030, mencapai pekerjaan
and monitoring tetapof
of the respect
termasuk
Decent Work melalui
includesfokus pada sektor
the pursuit of fullyang labourdan produktif
rights in the dan
ILO pekerjaan
supervisory yang layakis
system,
memberi nilai
employment. tambahtotinggi
According the ILO dan2 padat
, global bagi semua
the means perempuan
to ensure that thisdan laki-laki,
Target is met.
karya.
unemployment stands at more than 27 termasuk bagi pemuda dan penyandang
million higher in 2015 than in the pre- Targetdisabilitas,
8.7 seeks dan upah yang
to eradicate samalabour
forced untuk
8.3 Menggalakkan
crisis level of 2007. kebijakan pembangunan
If pre-crisis growth pekerjaan
and end yang sama
child labour in all nilainya.
its forms. The ILO
yang
levels mendukung
had resumed, an kegiatan produktif,
estimated 70 estimates that today some 21 million people
penciptaan lapangan kerja
million unemployed people would have layak, 8.6 Pada 2020,
are victims secara
of forced substansial
labour, with some 5.5
kewirausahaan, kreativitas
had a job today. One of the groups mostdan inovasi, mengurangi proporsi
million of whom are children. usiaChild
mudalabour
serta mendorong
affected by unemploymentformalisasi danyouth.
are the yang
figures tidak
today bekerja,
stand at 168 tidak menempuh
million children
pertumbuhan
Worldwide, some usaha mikro,
71 million kecil,people
young dan pendidikan
with 85 million ofatauthem pelatihan.
in the worst forms of
aremenengah,
unemployed. termasuk melaluiit akses
Furthermore, is estimated child labour.
thatterhadap jasa keuangan.
156 million employed youth or 38 8.7 Mengambil tindakan cepat dan untuk
per cent of working youth in emerging and In thememberantas kerja paksa,
area of discrimination, themengakhiri
challenges
8.4 Meningkatkan
developing secara
countries, areprogresif
living in extreme or perbudakan
are equally dan ILO
daunting. perdagangan
Conventions 100
hingga poverty.
moderate tahun 2030,
So thereefisiensi
is an sumber
employment manusia,
and 111 mengamankan
on discrimination arelarangan
yet to bedan
daya global dalam konsumsi dan
crisis whose scale is further aggravated by penghapusan bentuk-bentuk
fully met. Discrimination on the basis pekerjaan
of
the persistence in developing countries of race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion,
the informal economy. KERJA LAYAKnational
DAN extraction, social origin, and other
PERTUMBUHAN
EKONOMI

1
ILO, World Economic and Social Outlook, Trends, Geneva
2016
2
Ibid.

44
42
Tujuan 8 merupakan tujuan yang paling penting Pertumbuhan ekonomi yang berkelanjutan
2030 Agenda groundscalls remain for an end One 2011,
widespread. such area753 million
fewer than people
20 permovedcent of aboveworkersthe in paid
untuk serikat pekerja. Tujuan ini berupaya untuk penting namun masih belum cukup untuk
l its formswhich and in all
Target 8.5 regions
seeks to address$1.90 is the areaextreme
employment
poverty in threshold
about 60 in perChina.
cent of all
mendorong terciptanya pertumbuhan ekonomi mengurangi kemiskinan. Itulah mengapa
underlinesof genderthe pay right to social
equity. On average,Most womenof the extreme
ILO member poverty
States.inInthe the world
area of can cross-
yang berkelanjutan, inklusif yang juga diikuti Tujuan ini menentukan pertumbuhan ekonomi
is enshrined
are paidin23the perUniversal
cent less than their bemale found in Sub-Saharan
border social dialogue, Africa the andGlobalin South Union
dengan ketenagakerjaan yang produktif dan seperti apa yang dibutuhkan. Pertumbuhan
Human counterparts.
Rights. It also calls discriminatory
This reflects Asia. According Federations
to the have latest signed
estimates,
International in
kerja layak bagi semua. Di satu sisi, tujuan berkualitas dibutuhkan tidak hanya untuk
articularly the and
policies poor, to have
practices against women 2012 andSouth Framework
Asia had Agreements
309 million with people
multinational
in
ini juga memasukkan agenda pekerjaan layak membantu mengurangi kemiskinan namun
, and ownership
an undervaluation of productive
of their contribution
extreme to povertycompanies
while however,
Sub-Saharan these initiatives
Africa
ILO dan empat tujuan strategisnya yaitu hak, melakukannya dengan menciptakan lapangan
ell as access
development.to basic Henceservices.
the need forharboured
trade 388.7
remainmillion
fragile. The people.
new challenges
So just posed
ketenagakerjaan, perlindungan sosial dan dialog kerja yang menyeluruh dan pekerjaan yang
unions to continue to fight for laws, over socio-
77.8% in of the
theglobal
extreme economy poorlike lived
the in emergence
both
sosial. Di sisi lain, tujuan ini juga menjadikan layak bagi semua. Tujuan ini menekankan
y or absolute
economic poverty
policiescan and institutionsregions.to promote The ofestimates
global value also
chains
showedand policies
that inof
“severe keterkaitan
equal
deprivation antara
opportunity of upaya
basic
and equalmencapai pertumbuhan
treatment
2012, of all pada pola
147 million
austerity of pertumbuhan
aretheposing
extreme yang
new difficulties
poor berkelanjutan
lived to
ekonomi
. Since persons.
1990 the Worlddan pekerjaan layak untuk semua.
in East Asia social pada
and the waktu
dialogue yang
Pacific lama; yang
– particularly, sifatnya
while 44 collectivemillioninklusif
matically tried to determine dengan menangani
lived in Latinbargaining.
America Sectoral
and theand ketimpangan
national struktural
Caribbean, collective
y line, based
A third on strategic
a measure
objective of decent and work
the Easternbargaining
Europe appears
and Central
to be losing Asia ground
erty, which is that
would of social protection. As discussed
determine combined. to bargaining at enterprise level. So the
xtreme poverty
under Target in the
1.3, world.
social protection is a right strengthening of tripartism and social
gy usedenshrined
is basedinon thenational
Universal Declaration While of the global
dialoguepoverty
and collective
line is important
bargaining in
onvertedHuman using terburuk
Rights. untuk
purchasing
Accordinganak,totermasuk
the ILO in
for3 international 8.a comparison
Meningkatkan
particular, should beand bantuan
an essential
tracking untuk part of
PPP) exchange2012,perekrutan
only
rates dan
27%(i.e.of thepenggunaan
the of tentara
world’s working–age
progress made trade unionmendukung
in efforts to
eradicating perdagangan
make
extremeGoal bagi 8 a reality.
of goods andanak-anak,
population and their
services dan pada 2025
families
priced mengakhiri
hadpoverty,
access to your country’s negara berkembang,
national poverty terutamalinenegara
ross countries pekerja
comprehensive anak
and converted dalam segala
social security systems. bentuknya.
is more So appropriate kurang
The ILO’s for Social berkembang,
advocacy termasuk
Justice Declaration
and policy 4
in
currency, 5.2 namely
billion people US$) 1
.
worldwide do not enjoy
engagement. stressing melalui
Furthermore, Kerangka
the nature Kerja
of theTarget
while Terpadu
1.1 dan
four strategic
poverty line 8.8
access of Melindungi
to$1.25 ahak-hak
comprehensive day socialtenagaprotection
kerja dan on extreme
focuses objectives Terbarukan
that underpin
poverty, untuk
Target Bantuan
decent1.2work Teknis
calls (i.e.
in 2005, andisare mempromosikan
used in Target
covered lingkungan
1.1 or not
only partially forkerja yang
ata all.
reductionrights, terkait
leastPerdagangan
of employment,
at by social
half of bagi
protection,negara
persons social
aman
l. However, in October 2015 dan terjamin bagi semua pekerja,
living in poverty according
dialogue), stresses
kurang to national
that,
berkembang. “The four strategic
obal povertyA last termasuk pekerja
line measuring
constitutive element migran, khususnya
definitions.
of decent work objectives
This Target are therefore
inseparable,means interrelated thatand
y was set at pekerja
is that of social
$1.90 migran
dialogue.
by the perempuan,
Tripartism dan
the and 8.b Pada
mutually
task of eradicating 2020, mengembangkan
supportive .
poverty Theis failure
not limitedto promotedan
social mereka
is important yang
to underline
dialogue, bekerja
together that dalam
with pekerjaan
the to
adoption
low-income one mengoperasionalkan
anycountries.
of themMiddle
would harm Incomestrategi
progressglobal towards
es in theoffigure, berbahaya.
internationalthe real
labour value
standards,Countries
make the and untuk
theDeveloped
others . ketenagakerjaan
To optimize
countries their impact,
are mudaalso dan
efforts
day’s prices ILO standis the outsame
from all asother organisations
called to reduce to promote
themenerapkan of Pakta
them should
levels be Ketenagakerjaan
poverty partin of their
a(n) …
5 prices.8.9 inThis Pada
the global2030,
international menyusun
poverty
system. After dan countries
close globalon
based Global
and Organisasi
integrated
their Perburuhan
strategy…”.
nationally defined Trade
ue to change melaksanakan
to a century in the future.
of social kebijakan
dialogue, untuk
today
povertyone lines.Unions must Internasional.
therefore ensure that national
mempromosikan pariwisata
can find national tripartite social dialogue SDG policies aimed at implementing Goal 8
he most mechanisms
recent berkelanjutan
World Bank
in some yang
80 permenciptakan
centWhereas
of all are not limited to
Middle-Income only employment
countries tend policies
012, 896 lapangan
ILO million
member kerjawith
people
states dan mempromosikan
lived
varying to fixofa moderate
levels or social protection
poverty linepolicies
of betweenbut include all
erty in the budaya
world
effectiveness. ondanlessproduk
Collectivethan lokal. $1.90
bargaining coversPPP and the four
$3.10dimensions
PPP per of Decent
capita Work.
o 12.7 percent of the world’s per day, developed countries fix a relative
d in extreme8.10 Memperkuat
poverty inkapasitas2012. lembaga poverty line which is set at 60 per cent of a
orld met thekeuangan Millennium domestik untuk mendorongcountry’s relative median disposable income.
Goal to cut the dan1990memperluas
extreme akses terhadap
Target 1.2 is relevant to all these countries
perbankan,
half, the extent of extreme asuransi dan jasa
askeuangan
it calls for a reduction of at least by
bagi
world is still unacceptably semua. half the proportion of men, women and
children of all ages living in poverty in
all its dimensions according to national
poverty rates have declined definitions, by 2030.
ogress has been uneven. Most
is attributed to declines in All the definitions of poverty mentioned above
y in China. Between 1981 and are income-based poverty measurements.
However it is important to state that poverty
3
ILO, World Social Protection
p://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/ Report is multidimensional.
2014/15, Building 4 It covers
ILO, ILO Declaration a Justice
on Social whole for a range
Fair Globalization,
ty-line-faq economic recovery, inclusive development of other issuesadopted
and social besides the incomes
by the International of theat its Ninety-
Labour Conference
justice, Geneva, 2014 seventh Session, Geneva, 10 June 2008, p.11

3 45
43
dan memastikan hasil pertumbuhan terbagi dibandingkan dengan kondisi pra krisis
To achieve this objective, decent work must In the pursuit of decent work for all, one
rata sehingga pertumbuhan dirasakan oleh tahun 2007. Bila pertumbuhan ekonomi pra
be placed at the heart of macroeconomic must also meet the challenge to ensure
semua orang, tidak hanya oleh segelintir krisis telah kembali pada kondisi semula,
policies of countries. The creation of the effective exercise of rights at work.
orang saja; akhirnya pola pertumbuhan yang diperkirakan sebanyak 70 juta pengangguran
decent jobs cannot be seen simply as a Target 8.8 is of special significance to
berkelanjutan—dengan kata lain, yang tidak di dunia akan memiliki pekerjaan hari ini.
by-product of growth but must rather be trade unions as it aims at protecting labour
membahayakan kesejahteraan generasi masa Salah satu kelompok yang paling terdampak
one of the central concerns in the design rights including safe and healthy working
depan hanya demi tujuan jangka pendek, dan dengan pengangguran adalah kaum muda. Di
of the economic growth strategy. In other conditions, particularly for migrant workers
yang menggabungkan dimensi lingkungan, seluruh dunia sebanyak 71 juta anak muda
words, the creation of decent jobs must be and those in precarious employment.
sosial dan ekonomi pembangunan. Pada merupakan pengangguran. Terlebih lagi,
a central preoccupation of macroeconomic The key indicator of progress linked to this
akhirnya, Tujuan ini menolak pertumbuhan diperkirakan 156 juta anak muda yang bekerja
policy alongside fiscal and monetary policy Target is to increase national compliance
tanpa pekerjaan dan menyerukan pola
concerns. atau 38 persen
of labour rights,anak
whichmuda
has yang
at itsbekerja
core the
pertumbuhan ekonomi yang padat karya dan yang berada di negara-negara
respect for freedom of associationyang sedang
and the
menghasilkan penciptaan
Since the global lapangan
financial kerja
crisis, the yang
global bertumbuh dan berkembang, hidup
right to collective bargaining – rights dalam
that
menyeluruh
economy dan
is yetpekerjaan
to recoveryang layak
fully. It isbagi
still kondisi miskin in
are enshrined yang ekstrim atau
Conventions 87 menengah.
and 98
semua.
trapped in a cycle of low growth which is Sehingga
as well askrisis ketenagakerjaan
the Declaration semakin
on Fundamental
having a devastating effect on the creation diperparah dengan makin langgengnya
Principles and Rights at Work. Among these
Untuk mencapai tujuan ini, pekerjaan perekonomian informal di negara berkembang.
of jobs and poverty reduction. According to fundamental ILO conventions, those that
yang layak 1harus menjadi inti dari kebijakan
the ILO , over the next two years, the global have least been ratified are Conventions 87
makroekonomi banyak negara. Penciptaan Dalam upaya mencapai pekerjaan yang
economy is projected to grow only be 3% and 98. Indeed more than 40 per cent of the
pekerjaan
which isyang layak tidak
significantly bisa
less dilihat
than before the last layak untuk
world’s semua, lives
population kita harus mengatasi
in countries that have
sebagai efek samping dari pertumbuhan
global financial crisis. Weak global growth, not ratified these two core conventions,diwhich
tantangan dalam rangka memenuhi hak
namun menjadi
coupled with inti dari perancangan
financialization of the strategi
global tempat kerja. Target
are considered as the8.8enabling
merupakan satu
rights to target
the
pertumbuhan ekonomi. Dengan kata
economy and high levels of inequality lain,are yang secara khusus menyasar serikat
achievement of all other rights. So for trade pekerja
penciptaan pekerjaan yang
having devastating layak harus
employment and social karena
unions,berupaya melindungi
the campaign for thehak tenaga kerja
ratification and
menjadi inti dari
consequences. kebijakan makroekonomi termasuk kondisi kerja yang aman
implementation of these core rights, coupleddan sehat,
selain dari pertimbangan-pertimbangan terutama
with the bagi
use andparamonitoring
pekerja migran
of thedan mereka
respect of
kebijakan
Decent fiskal
Work dan moneter.
includes the pursuit of full yang bekerja pada pekerjaan yang rentan.
labour rights in the ILO supervisory system, is
employment. According to the ILO2, global Indikator
the means kemajuan
to ensure utama yangTarget
that this berkaitan
is met.
Sejak krisis keuangan
unemployment global,
stands perekonomian
at more than 27 dengan Target ini adalah untuk meningkatkan
global
million higher in 2015 than in thesecara
belum mengalami pemulihan pre- kepatuhan
Target 8.7negara
seeks to terhadap
eradicate pemenuhan
forced labour
utuh. Masih
crisis levelterjebak pada
of 2007. siklus pertumbuhan
If pre-crisis growth hak
and end child labour in all its adalah
tenaga kerja, yang intinya forms. The ILO
lamban
levelsyang
had pada akhirnya
resumed, mendatangkan
an estimated 70 menghargai
estimates thatkebebasan
today some berserikat dan hak
21 million people
dampak buruk pada penciptaan lapangan
million unemployed people would have atas perundingan bersama—hak yang
are victims of forced labour, with some 5.5 diatur
kerja
haddan pengentasan
a job today. Onekemiskinan.
of the groups most dalam
millionKonvensi
of whom87 aredan 98 maupun
children. Child Deklarasi
labour
affected by unemployment are the youth. Prinsip-prinsip dan Hak-hak Mendasar
figures today stand at 168 million children di
Menurut ILO13 dalam dua tahun ke depan, Tempat
Worldwide, some 71 million young people with 85Kerja.
millionDari
of semua
them inKonvensi-konvensi
the worst forms of
perekonomian global hanya bertumbuh sekitar dasar ILO, yang sudah diratifikasi adalah
are unemployed. Furthermore, it is estimated child labour.
3 persen yang jauh lebih kecil dibandingkan Konvensi 87 dan 98. Lebih dari 40 persen
that 156 million employed youth or 38
sebelum
per centmasa krisis keuangan
of working youth in global.
emerging and populasi dunia
In the area hidup di negara-negara
of discrimination, yang
the challenges
Pertumbuhan global yang
developing countries, are lemah,
livingdiperburuk
in extreme or belum meratifikasi
are equally daunting.duaILO konvensi utama 100
Conventions
dengan finansialisasi perekonomian global dan
moderate poverty. So there is an employment tersebut,
and 111yang dianggap sebagai
on discrimination haktoyang
are yet be
tingginya ketimpangan
crisis whose scale is memiliki konsekuensi
further aggravated by memungkinkan para pekerja
fully met. Discrimination on mendapatkan
the basis of
yang buruk terhadap ketenegakerjaan
the persistence in developing countries dan of hak-hak lainnya.
race, colour, sex,Sehingga
religion, bagi serikat
political opinion,
sosial.
the informal economy. pekerja,
nationalkampanye
extraction,ratifikasi dan pelaksanaan
social origin, and other
hak utama ini, diikuti dengan penggunaan dan
Pekerjaan yang Layak termasuk upaya untuk
pemantauan penghargaan hak tenaga kerja
menciptakan lapangan kerja yang utuh.
pada sistem pengawasan ILO merupakan cara
untuk memastikan bahwa Target itu terpenuhi.
Menurut ILO14, angka pengangguran global
jumlahnya 27 juta lebih banyak pada 2015
1
ILO, World Economic and Social Outlook, Trends, Geneva Target 8.7 berupaya untuk menghapuskan
2016 kerja paksa dan mengakhiri segala bentuk
13 ILO,
2
World Economic And Social Outlook, Trends,
Ibid.
Geneva, 2016
14 Ibid
44
44
pekerja anak. ILO memperkirakan bahwa sistem internasional. Setelah melakukan
2030 Agenda groundscalls remain for an end One 2011,
widespread. such area753 million
fewer than people
20 permoved cent of above
workersthe in paid
hingga saat ini sebanyak 21 juta jiwa dialog sosial hampir seabad, saat ini kita
l its formswhich and Targetin all
8.5 regions
seeks to address$1.90 is the areaextreme
employment
poverty in threshold
about 60 in perChina.
cent of all
merupakan korban kerja paksa, di mana 5,5 bisa melihat adanya mekanisme dialog
underlinesof genderthe pay right to social
equity. On average,Most womenof the extreme
ILO member poverty
States.inInthe the world
area of can cross-
juta di antaranya adalah anak-anak. Pekerja sosial tripartit nasional di 80 persen negara
is enshrined
are paidin23the perUniversal
cent less than their bemalefound in Sub-Saharan
border social dialogue, Africa the andGlobal
in South Union
anak saat ini sebanyak 168 juta jiwa, di mana anggota ILO dengan tingkat keefektifan
Human counterparts.
Rights. It also calls discriminatory
This reflects Asia. According Federations
to the have latest signed
estimates,
International in
85 juta di antaranya melakukan bentuk- yang berbeda. Perundingan bersama hanya
articularly the and
policies poor, to have
practices against women 2012 andSouth Framework
Asia had Agreements
309 million with people
multinationalin
bentuk pekerjaan terburuk bagi anak. mencakup kurang dari 20 persen pekerja
, and ownership
an undervaluation of productiveof their contributionextreme to poverty
companies
while however,
Sub-Saharan these initiatives
Africa
dengan pengaturan kerja berbayar di sekitar
ell as access
Dalam hal to basic
development. Hence services.
diskriminasi, thetantangannya
need forharboured
tradejuga 388.7
remainmillion
fragile. The people.
new challenges
So just posed
60 persen semua Negara Anggota ILO.
unions to continue to fight for laws, oversocio-
77.8% in of the
theglobal
extreme economy poorlike lived
the in emergence
both
sama beratnya. Konvensi ILO 100 dan Dalam hal dialog sosial lintas batas, Global
y or absolute
economic poverty
policiescan and institutionsregions.
to promote The ofestimates
global value also
chains
showed and policies
that inof
111 mengenai diskriminasi belum semua Union Federations telah menandatangani
“severe equaldeprivation
opportunity of basic
and equal treatment 2012, of all
147 million
austerity of
arethe posing
extreme
new difficulties
poor lived to
terpenuhi. Diskriminasi atas dasar ras, warna Kesepakatan Internasional dengan banyak
. Since persons.
1990 the World in East Asia socialand the dialogue
Pacific – particularly,
while 44 collective
million
kulit, jenis kelamin, agama, pendapat politik, perusahaanSectoral multinasional, namuncollective
inisiatif
matically tried to determine lived in Latinbargaining.
America and theand Caribbean,
national
ekstrasi nasional, asal usul sosial dan alasan ini Europe
masih appears
lemah.
y line, based
A third on strategic
a measureobjective of decent and workthe Eastern
bargaining and Tantangan
Central
to be losing terkini
Asia ground yang
lain masih terus terjadi. Salah satu hal yang
erty, which is that
wouldof social protection. As discussed
determine combined. to bargaining at enterprise level. So seperti
dihadapi oleh perekonomian global the
juga ingin dicapai oleh Target 8.5 adalah munculnya rantai nilai global
xtreme poverty
under Target in the
1.3, world.
social protection is a right strengthening of tripartism anddan kebijakan
social
mengenai kesetaraan upah gender. Rata-rata, penghematan menimbulkan kesulitan
gy usedenshrined
is basedinon thenational
Universal Declaration While of the global
dialogue poverty
and collective
line is important
bargaining in bagi
perempuan mendapatkan upah 23 persen dialog sosial—terutama
onvertedHuman usingRights.purchasing
According to the ILO in
for international
3
particular,
comparison
should beand trackingpartbersama.
perundingan
an essential of
lebih rendah dari rekan laki-laki mereka. Perundingan bersama di tingkat nasional dan
PPP) exchange2012, only 27%(i.e.
rates of thethe world’s working–age
of progress made trade union efforts to make
in eradicating extremeGoal 8 a reality.
of goods Hal ini
population mencerminkan
and services and their kebijakan dan
families hadpoverty,
priced praktik sektor sepertinya
access to your country’s national poverty line kehilangan landasan untuk
yang
ross countries diskriminatif
comprehensive terhadap perempuan
social security systems.
and converted is more perundingan
So appropriate
The ILO’s forSocial diJustice
tingkatDeclaration
advocacy perusahaan.
and policy 4 Sehingga
in
currency, dan rendahnya
5.2 namely
billion people penilaian
US$) worldwide
1
. akan kontribusi
do not enjoy
engagement. penguatan
stressing
Furthermore, tripartisme
the nature dan
of theTarget
while dialog
four strategic sosial
1.1 serta
poverty line mereka
access terhadap
ofto$1.25 pembangunan.
a day social protection
comprehensive Karenanya
focuses on extreme perundingan
objectivespoverty, bersama
that underpin Target harus
decent menjadi
1.2work calls (i.e. dari
inti
in 2005, serikat
andisare pekerja
usedcovered harus
in Target terus
only partially memperjuangkan
1.1 or not forata all. upaya
rights,
reduction atserikat
leastpekerja
of employment, by social
half dalam mewujudkan
protection,
of persons social
kebijakan
l. However, in October 2015 sosio-ekonomi, undang-undang
living in poverty Tujuan 8.
according
dialogue), stressesto national
that, “The four strategic
obal povertydan
A lastlembaga
line measuring
constitutivedalamelement
mendorong terciptanya
definitions.
of decent work objectives
This Target are therefore
inseparable,means interrelated thatand
y was set peluang ofyang
at $1.90
is that socialsetara
by dan perlakuan
dialogue.
the Tripartismtheyang
and Deklarasi
mutually
task of eradicating Keadilan
supportive .
poverty Sosial
Theis failure
not todalam
ILOlimited
16
promote
setara
is important bagi semua
to underline
social dialogue, orang.
together that
with the to adoption
low-income anymenegaskan
one of themsifat
countries. would
Middle dariharm
keempat
Incomeprogresstujuan towards
es in theoffigure,
internationalthe reallabour valuestandards,Countries
make the and strategis
theDeveloped yang
others . To optimizemenjadi
countries dasar pekerjaan
their impact,
are also effortsyang
day’s prices Tujuan
ILO stand strategis
is the outsame ketiga
from all dari kerja layak
asother organisations
called to reduce layak
to promote (yaitu hak,
them should
the levels pekerjaan,
of poverty perlindungan
be partin of their
a(n) …
5 prices.adalah
inThis perlindungan
global poverty
the international sosial. After
system. Seperti yang
close
countries sosial,
global
based onand dialog sosial),strategy…”.
integrated
their nationally menekankan
defined Tradebahwa
dibahas
ue to change
to a century dalam
in the Target
future.
of social 1.3, perlindungan
dialogue, today poverty “Empat
one lines.Unions musttujuan strategis
therefore tidak
ensure thatdapat
national
sosial merupakan hak yang
can find national tripartite social dialoguetercermin dalam dipisahkan, saling berkaitan
SDG policies aimed at implementing dan saling
Goal 8
Deklarasi
he most mechanisms
recent World Universal
in some HAM.
Bank Menurut
80 per centWhereas ILO
of all
15
pada mendukung.
are not limited to
Middle-Income Kegagalan dalam
only employment
countries mendorong
tend policies
012, 896 2012,
ILO hanya states
million
member 27
peoplepersen populasi
withlived usiafix
varying levels
to kerja or salah
ofa moderate social satunya
protection
poverty akan
line memperlamban
policies
of but include
between kemajuan
all
erty in the dunia dan keluarga
world onCollective
effectiveness. mereka
less than dapat
bargaining mengakses
coversPPP and
$1.90 theyang
four lain.
$3.10 Untuk
PPP mengoptimalkan
dimensions of Decent
per capita Work.dampaknya,
o 12.7 sistem
percent jaminan
of the sosial yang menyeluruh.
world’s per day, developed upaya untuk
countries mendorongnya
fix a relativeharus menjadi
Sehingga sebanyak
d in extreme poverty in 2012. 5,2 miliar jiwa di dunia
poverty line which is set at 60 per centterintegrasi...”.
bagian dari strategi global dan of a
tidak menikmati
orld met the Millennium akses terhadap perlindungan
country’s relative Karenanya
median serikat pekerja harus
disposable memastikan
income.
Goal to cut sosialthe menyeluruh
1990 extreme dan hanya terlindungiTarget 1.2 is relevantkebijakan to Tujuan
all Pembangunan
these countries Berkelanjutan
sebagian atau
half, the extent of extreme tidak sama sekali. nasional yang
as it calls for a reduction of at least by bertujuan melaksanakan
world is still unacceptably half the proportion Tujuan 8 of tidakmen,hanyawomen
terbatas pada andkebijakan
Unsur konstitutif terakhir dari kerja layak
children of allketenagakerjaan
ages living atau kebijakan in
in poverty perlindungan
adalah dialog sosial. Tripartisme dan all dialog
its dimensions sosial namun
according mencakup to keempat
national dimensi
sosial, dibarengi
poverty rates have declined dengan diadopsinya standard
definitions, by 2030. Pekerjaan yang Layak.
ogress has ketenagakerjaan
been uneven. internasional
Most menjadikan
ILO berbeda
is attributed to declinesdari organisasi
in lain dalam
All the definitions of poverty mentioned above
y in China. Between 1981 and are income-based poverty measurements.
16 ILO, ILO Declaration
However it is important to stateonthat Social poverty
Justice for a Fair
15 ILO, World Social Protection Report 2014/15, Globalization, diadopsi oleh International Labour
3
ILO, World Social
Building Protection
on economic
p://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty/ recovery, is multidimensional.
Report 2014/15,
inclusive Building 4
ILO,ConferenceIt covers
ILO Declaration a Justice
on Social whole for a range
Fair Globalization,
pada Sesi ke sembilapuluh tujuh,
ty-line-faq economic recovery, inclusive development
development and social justice, Jenewa, 2014 of
and other
social issues besides
adopted by the the incomes
International
Jenewa, 10 Juni 2008, p.11 Labour of theat its Ninety-
Conference
justice, Geneva, 2014 seventh Session, Geneva, 10 June 2008, p.11

3 45
Target
To achieve thisdan Indikator
objective, decentPrioritas
work mustSerikat Pekerja
In the Menurut
pursuit of decent work Tujuan
for all,8one
be placed at the heart of macroeconomic must also meet the challenge to ensure
Target Indikator
policies of countries. The creation of the effective exercise of rights at work.
decent
8.1 jobs cannot bepertumbuhan
Mempertahankan seen simply as a TargetPertumbuhan
8.1.1 8.8 is of special
PDBsignificance to
per kapita riil
by-product
ekonomi perofkapita
growthsesuai
but must
dengan rather be
kondisi trade unions as it aims at protecting labour
tahunan
one of the
nasional central
dan, concerns
khususnya, in the design
setidaknya 7 rights including safe and healthy working
of the economic growth strategy.
persen pertumbuhan pertumbuhan produk In other conditions, particularly for migrant workers
words, the creation of decent jobs
domestik bruto per tahun di negara kurang must be and those in precarious employment.
a central preoccupation of macroeconomic
berkembang. The key indicator of progress linked to this
policy alongside fiscal and monetary policy Target is to increase national compliance
concerns.
8.2 Mencapai tingkat produktivitas of labour
8.2.1 rights, which
Pertumbuhan PDBhas at its core
tahunan per the
ekonomi yang lebih tinggi, melalui respect for freedom
orang yang bekerja of association and the
Since the global financial crisis, the global right to collective bargaining – rights that
diversifikasi, peningkatan dan inovasi
economy is yet to recover fully. It is still are enshrined in Conventions 87 and 98
teknologi, termasuk melalui fokus pada
trapped in a cycle of low growth which is as well as the Declaration on Fundamental
sektor yang memberi nilai tambah tinggi
having a devastating effect on the creation Principles and Rights at Work. Among these
dan padat karya.
of jobs and poverty reduction. According to fundamental ILO conventions, those that
the ILO1, over the next two years, the global have least been ratified are Conventions 87
8.3 Menggalakkan kebijakan pembangunan 8.3.1 Proporsi pekerja informal di
economy is projected to grow only be 3% and 98. Indeed more than 40 per cent of the
yang mendukung kegiatan produktif, pekerjaan non-pertanian berdasarkan jenis
which is significantly less than before the last world’s population lives in countries that have
penciptaan lapangan kerja layak, kelamin.
global financial crisis. Weak global growth, not ratified these two core conventions, which
kewirausahaan, kreativitas dan inovasi, dan
coupled with financialization of the global are considered as the enabling rights to the
mendorong
economy and formalisasi
high levelsdanof pertumbuhan
inequality are achievement of all other rights. So for trade
usaha
havingmikro, kecil, employment
devastating dan menengah, and social unions, the campaign for the ratification and
termasuk melalui
consequences. akses terhadap jasa implementation of these core rights, coupled
keuangan. with the use and monitoring of the respect of
Decent Work includes the pursuit of full labour rights in the ILO supervisory system, is
8.5 Pada 2030, mencapai pekerjaan tetap 8.5.1 Rata-rata pendapatan per jam
employment. According to the ILO2, global the means to ensure that this Target is met.
dan produktif dan pekerjaan yang layak pegawai laki-laki dan perempuan,
unemployment stands at more than 27
bagi semua perempuan dan laki-laki, berdasarkan pekerjaan, usia dan
million higher in 2015 than in the pre- Target 8.7 seeks to eradicate forced labour
termasuk
crisis levelbagi kaum muda
of 2007. dan penyandang
If pre-crisis growth disabilitas.
and end child labour in all its forms. The ILO
disabilitas, dan upahan
levels had resumed, yang sama untuk
estimated 70 estimates that today some 21 million people
pekerjaan yang sama nilainya. 8.5.2 Angka pengangguran berdasarkan
million unemployed people would have are victims of forced labour, with some 5.5
jenis kelamin, usia dan disabilitas.
had a job today. One of the groups most million of whom are children. Child labour
affected by unemployment are the youth. figures today stand at 168 million children
8.6 Pada 2020,
Worldwide, somesecara substansial
71 million young people 8.6.1
with 85Proporsi
millionorang muda
of them in (berusia
the worst15-forms of
mengurangi proporsi orang muda yang
are unemployed. Furthermore, it is estimated tidak 24) yang tidak
child labour. bersekolah, bekerja atau
bekerja,
that 156tidak menempuh
million employedpendidikan
youth or 38 atau mengikuti pelatihan.
pelatihan.
per cent of working youth in emerging and In the area of discrimination, the challenges
developing countries, are living in extreme or are equally daunting. ILO Conventions 100
moderate
8.7 poverty.
Mengambil So there
tindakan is andan
cepat employment
untuk and 111
8.7.1 on discrimination
Proporsi are yet to usia
dan jumlah anak-anak be
crisis whose scale
memberantas kerjaispaksa,
furthermengakhiri
aggravated by fully tahun
5-17 met. Discrimination
yang terlibat padaon the basis of
pekerjaan
the persistence
perbudakan dan in developing countries
perdagangan manusia, of race,berdasarkan
anak colour, sex, jenis
religion, political
kelamin danopinion,
usia.
the informal economy.
mengamankan larangan dan penghapusan national extraction, social origin, and other
bentuk-bentuk pekerjaan terburuk untuk
anak, termasuk perekrutan dan penggunaan
tentara anak-anak, dan pada 2025
mengakhiri tenaga kerja anak dalam segala
bentuknya.
1
ILO, World Economic and Social Outlook, Trends, Geneva
2016
2
Ibid.

44
46
2030 Agenda groundscalls remain for anTarget
end One 2011,
widespread. such area753 million fewer than people
20 permoved Indikator
cent of above
workersthe in paid
l its formswhich andTargetin all
8.5 regions
seeks to address$1.90 is the area extremeemployment
poverty in threshold
about 60 in perChina.
cent of all
8.8 melindungi hak-hak tenaga kerja dan 8.8.1 Frekuensi cedera kerja fatal dan
underlinesof genderthe pay right to social
equity. On average,Most womenof the extreme ILO member povertyStates.inInthe the world
area of can cross-
mempromosikan lingkungan kerja yang non-fatal berdasarkan jenis kelamin dan
is enshrined
are paidin23the perUniversal
cent less than their bemale found in Sub-Saharan
border social dialogue, Africa the andGlobalin South Union
aman dan terjamin bagi semua pekerja, status migran.
Human counterparts.
Rights. It also calls discriminatory
This reflects Asia. According Federations
to the have latest signed
estimates,
International in
termasuk pekerja migran, khususnya
articularly the and
policies poor, to have
practices against women 2012 andSouth Framework
Asia had Agreements
309 million
8.8.2 Peningkatan kepatuhan terhadap with people
multinationalin
pekerja migran perempuan, dan mereka
, and ownership
an undervaluation of productive
of their contribution
extreme to poverty companies
while however,
Sub-Saharan these
hak ketenagakerjaan (kebebasan berserikat initiatives
Africa
yang bekerja dalam pekerjaan berbahaya.
ell as access to basic
development. Hence services.
the need forharboured
trade 388.7
remain million
fragile. The
dan perundingan people.
new challenges
bersama) Soberdasarkan
just posed
unions to continue to fight for laws, over socio-
77.8% in ofsumber
the
theglobal
extreme economy
tekstual poor
ILO like
dan livedthe in
peraturanemergence
both
y or absolute
economic poverty
policiescan and institutionsregions.
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global value also
chains
showed
perundangan nasional menurut jenis and policies
that inof
“severe equaldeprivation
opportunity of basic
and equal treatment 2012, of all
147 million
austerityof arethe posing
extreme
new difficulties
poor lived to
kelamin dan status migran.
. Since persons.
1990 the World in East Asia social and the dialogue
Pacific – particularly,
while 44 collective million
matically tried to determine lived in Latinbargaining.America Sectoral and theand Caribbean,
national collective
y line, based 8.b Pada
A third on a2020,
strategicmeasure mengembangkan
objective of decentand dan
workthe Eastern 8.b.1
bargaining Belanja
Europe appears pemerintah
and Central
to be losing dalam
Asia hal
ground
erty, which mengoperasionalkan
is that of social
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protection. As discussed
determine untuk perlindungan sosial
combined. to bargaining at enterprise level. So the dan program
xtreme poverty ketenagakerjaan
under Targetin the pemuda
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social dan menerapkan
protection is a right ketenagakerjaan
strengthening sebagai proporsi
of tripartism and social anggaran
Pakta
gy usedenshrined Ketenagakerjaan
is basedinon thenational Global
Universal Declaration Organisasi
While of the global pemerintah
dialogue poverty di tingkat
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line is important dan
onvertedHuman Perburuhan
usingRights. Internasional.
purchasing
According to the ILO in
for international
3
particular,
comparison
should beand an essential
trackingpart of
PPP) exchange2012, only 27%(i.e.
rates of thethe world’s working–age
of progress made trade union efforts to make
in eradicating extremeGoal 8 a reality.
of goods population
and services and their families hadpoverty,
priced access to your country’s national poverty line
ross countries Beberapa
comprehensive socialinstrumen
and converted dan
security systems.
is more dokumen Theyang
So appropriate ILO’s forrelevan
Social advocacy dengan
Justice andTujuan
Declaration policy 4
in 8
currency, 5.2 namely
billion peopleUS$) 1
.
worldwide do not enjoy
engagement. stressing
Furthermore, the nature of theTarget
while four strategic
1.1
poverty line ILO:
access ofto$1.25 a day social protection
comprehensive focuses on extreme • Konvensi
objectives that Bentuk-bentuk
poverty, underpin
Target decent1.2 Pekerjaan
work
calls (i.e.
in 2005, andisare used in Target
covered 1.1 or not
only partially forata all.reduction ofTerburuk
rights, employment,
at least untuk Anak,of
by social
half 1999
protection,
persons(No. social
182)
Semua
l. However, in October 2015 standar perburuhan internasional ILO
living in poverty according