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PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II

LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR


FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

BAB I
PENDAHULUAN

I.1. LATAR BELAKANG

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

I.2. TUJUAN PERCOBAAN

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I.3. RUANG LINGKUP

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

BAB II
TINJAUAN PUSTAKA

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

BAB III
METODOLOGI PERCOBAAN

III.1. ALAT DAN BAHAN


Statif

Fungsi:

Power Supply

Fungsi:

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

Basic Current Balance


Fungsi:

Electronic Balance
Fungsi:

Banana Plug Red and Black

Fungsi:

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

Current Loop
Fungsi:

Removable Magnets (six)


Fungsi:

Neraca Ohaus
Fungsi:

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

III.2. PROSEDUR PERCOBAAN

III.2.1. Gaya Magnet dengan Arus


1. Memasukkan antara 4-6 magnet kedalam Iron Yoke untuk memberikan medan
magnet yang konstan. Memasukkan jumlah magnet pada tabel 1.
2. Memilih salah satu Current Loop yang akan digunakan pada seluruh percobaan
dan mencatat panjang loop pada tabel 1.
3. Mengatur Current Balanace seperti pada gambar dibawah :

4. Menentukan massa iron yoke dan magnet tanpa adanya arus listrik yang
mengalir. Menuliskan hasilnya di kolom “Massa” pada tabel 1.
5. Menyalakan power supply dan mengatur arus yang telah ditentukan. Menentukan
massa baru yang ditimbulkan dari magnet tersebut. Menuliskan hasilnya di kolom
“Massa” pada tabel 1.
6. Menaikkan arus listrik sesuai yang ditentukan, kemudian menuliskan hasil dari
setiap pengukuran massa baru yang ditimbulkan dari magnet tersebut pada
tabel 1.
III.2.2. Gaya Magnet dengan Panjang Kawat
1. Memasukkan antara 4-6 magnet kedalam Iron Yoke untuk memberikan medan
magnet yang konstan.
2. Memasukkan nomor magnet yang digunakan pada tabel 2.
3. Memilih Current Loop terpendek untuk memulai percobaan.
4. Mengatur Current Balanace seperti pada gambar dibawah :

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

5. Menentukan massa dari iron yoke dan magnet tanpa adanya arus listrik yang
mengalir. Menuliskan hasilnya di kolom “Massa” pada tabel 2.
6. Menyalakan power supply dan mengatur arus sesuai yang telah ditentukan.
Menuliskan hasilnya pada tabel 2.
7. Menentukan massa baru yang ditimbulkan dari magnet tersebut. Menuliskan
hasilnya di kolom “Massa” pada tabel 2.
8. Mengayunkan lengan dari Basic Current Balance, untuk melepaskan Current
Loop dari celah medan magnet.
9. Menarik Current Loop dengan lembut dari Basic Current Balance. Mengganti
Current Loop dengan tipe lain dan perlahan-lahan menurunkan lengan Basic
Current Balance untuk memposisikan Current Loop pada celah medan magnet.
10. Mengulangi langkah 6-8 untuk setiap Current Loop dan memasukkan data yang
sesuai pada tabel 2.
III.2.3. Gaya Magnet dengan Medan Magnet
1. Memasukkan satu magnet kedalam Iron Yoke dan memusatkan magnet pada
pemegang.
2. Memilih salah satu Current Loop yang akan digunakan pada seluruh percobaan
dan mencatat panjang loop pada tabel 3.
3. Mengatur Current Balanace seperti pada gambar dibawah :

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

4. Menentukan massa dari iron yoke dan magnet tanpa adanya arus listrik yang
mengalir. Menuliskan hasilnya di kolom “Massa” I=0 pada tabel 2.
5. Menyalakan power supply dan mengatur arus antara 0 A dan 3 A. Menuliskan
hasilnya pada tabel 3.
6. Menentukan massa baru yang ditimbulkan dari magnet tersebut. Menuliskan
hasilnya di kolom “Massa” I>0 pada tabel 3.
7. Mematikan power supply untuk mengubah arus menjadi 0 A.
8. Mengayunkan lengan dari Basic Current Balance, untuk melepaskan Current
Loop dari celah medan magnet.
9. Menambahkan magnet pada iron yoke dengan menyelaraskan kutub pada magnet
sehingga magnet yang terpasang memiliki kutub yang searah.
10. Menurunkan lengan dari Basic Current Balance dan mereposisi Current Loop
kedalam celah medan magnet. Memastikan Current Loop tidak menyentuh iron
yoke.
11. Menentukan massa dari iron yoke dan magnet tanpa adanya arus listrik yang
mengalir. Menuliskan hasilnya di kolom “Massa” I=0 pada tabel 3.
12. Menyalakan power supply untuk memberikan arus melewati loop.
13. Mengukur massa baru yang ditimbulkan oleh magnet dan mencatat hasilnya di
kolom “Massa” I>0 pada tabel 3.
14. Mengulangi langkah 7-14 untuk 3, 4, 5 dan 6 magnet.

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

BAB IV
HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN

IV.1. HASIL
IV.1.1. TABEL DATA GAYA MAGNET DAN ARUS LISTRIK
Jumlah Magnet :
Massa Awal :
Kode Current Loop :

Arus Massa
(A) (kg)

IV.1.2. TABEL DATA GAYA MAGNET DAN PANJANG KAWAT


Jumlah Magnet :
Arus :
Kode Current Loop Massa
(cm) (kg)
SF 37
SF 38
SF 39
SF 40
SF 41
SF 42

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

IV.1.3. TABEL DATA GAYA MAGNET MEDAN MAGNET


Kode Current Loop :

Massa (kg)
∑ Magnet
0A 3A

IV.2. PENGOLAHAN DATA


A. Gaya Magnet dan Arus Listrik
- Menentukan Gaya Magnetik (F)
𝑭 = (𝒎𝟐 − 𝒎𝟏 )𝒈

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

B. Gaya Magnet dan Panjang Kawat


- Menentukan Gaya Magnetik (F)

𝑭 = (𝒎𝟐 − 𝒎𝟏 )𝒈

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

- Menentukan Medan Magnet pada panjang kawat


𝑭
𝑩=
𝑰. 𝑳

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

C. Gaya Magnet Pada Medan Magnet

- Menentukan Gaya Magnetik (F)

𝑭 = (𝒎𝟐 − 𝒎𝟏 )𝒈

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

IV.1.4. GRAFIK
 Gaya Magnet terhadap Arus Listrik

 Gaya Magnet terhadap Panjang Kawat

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

 Gaya Magnet terhadap Medan Magnet

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

IV.2 PEMBAHASAN

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

BAB V
PENUTUP

V.1 KESIMPULAN

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V.2 SARAN
V.2.1 SARAN UNTUK LABORATORIUM

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V.2.2 SARAN UNTUK ASISTEN

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

DAFTAR PUSTAKA

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

LAMPIRAN

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM