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PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II

LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR


FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

BAB I
PENDAHULUAN

I.1. LATAR BELAKANG

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

I.2. TUJUAN PERCOBAAN

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I.3. RUANG LINGKUP

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

BAB II
TINJAUAN PUSTAKA

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

BAB III
METODOLOGI PERCOBAAN

III.1. ALAT DAN BAHAN


Statif

Fungsi:

Function Generator
Fungsi:

Meteran
Fungsi:

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

Vibrator

Fungsi:

Neraca Ohaus
Fungsi:

Banana Plug Red and Black

Fungsi:

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

Tali
Fungsi:

Pegas

Fungsi:

Massa Set

Fungsi:

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

III.2. PROSEDUR PERCOBAAN

III.2.1. Gelombang Transversal


1. Menimbang massa tali dengan Neraca Ohaus.
2. Menyambungkan vibrator dengan function generator dengan menggunakan
banana plug red and black (kabel hitam dan merah).
3. Mengukur panjang tali.
4. Memberi beban pada tali dengan massa 0,1 kg dan meletakkan tali statis.
5. Menghidupkan function generator dengan frekuensi 30 Hz.
6. Menghitung panjang node mulai dari SoS sampai SoSn.
7. Mencatat hasilnya dan matikan function generator.
8. Mengulangi langkah 3-6 dengan massa 0,2 kg.
9. Mengulangi langkah 3-6 dengan massa 0,1 kg dan 0,2 kg dengan frekuensi 35
Hz.
10. Mencatat hasil pengamatan.

III.2.2. Gelombang Longitudinal


1. Memasang dan menghubungkan pegas antara statif dan function generator.
2. Menghubungkan fibrator dengan function generator.
3. Mengukur panjang pegas dengan meteran (untuk panjang pegas L = 0,4 m)
4. Mengatur function generator dengan tegangan 9 volt dan frekuensi 30 Hz, 40 Hz,
50 Hz, 60 Hz, 70 Hz.
5. Hitung banyaknya node pada pegas setelah digetarkan oleh vibrator.
6. Mencatat hasilnya dan matikan function generator
7. Mengulangi langkah 3-6 dengan L = 0,5 m.
8. Mencatat hasil pengamatan.

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

BAB IV
HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN

IV.1. HASIL
IV.1.1. TABEL DATA GELOMBANG TRANSVERSAL
Massa tali (m) :
Panjang tali (l) :
Tegangan (V) :

Frekuensi Beban
(Hz) (kg) S0S1 S0S2 S0S3 S0S4 S0S5

IV.1.2. TABEL DATA GELOMBANG LONGITUDINAL


L=

Panjang
Frekuensi
Node Gelombang
(Hz)
(m)

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

IV.2. PENGOLAHAN DATA


IV.2.1. GELOMBANG TRANSVERSAL
 SECARA TEORI
A. Menetukan Massa Satuan Tali (μ)
𝒎𝒂𝒔𝒔𝒂 𝒕𝒂𝒍𝒊
μ = 𝒑𝒂𝒏𝒋𝒂𝒏𝒈 𝒕𝒂𝒍𝒊

B. Menetukan Gaya Tegangan Tali (F)

F = m.g

1.

2.

3.

4.

C. Menentukan Cepat Rambat (v)

𝑭
v = √𝝁

1.

2.

3.

4.

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

 SECARA PRAKTEK
A. Menentukan Jarak Simpul (s)

Sn = S0Sn- S0Sn-1

∑𝑺
Srt =
𝒏

 Beban :

Srt =

 Beban :

Srt =

 Beban :

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

Srt =

 Beban :

Srt =

B. Menentukan Panjang Gelombang

λ = 2 x Srt

1.

2.

3.

4.

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

C. Menentukan Cepat Rambat Gelombang

V =λ x f

1.

2.

3.

4.

IV. 2.1.1. PERSENTASE KESALAHAN


𝑽𝒕𝒆𝒐𝒓𝒊−𝑽𝒑𝒓𝒂𝒌𝒕𝒆𝒌
PK = × 𝟏𝟎𝟎 %
𝑽𝒕𝒆𝒐𝒓𝒊

1.

2.

3.

4.

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

IV. 2. 2. GELOMBANG LONGITUDINAL


A. Menentukan Cepat Rambat Gelombang

V = λxf

Frekuensi Cepat rambat


Node
(Hz) (m/s)

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

IV. 2.2.1. GRAFIK GELOMBANG LONGITUDINAL


 Node Terhadap Frekuensi

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

IV.2 PEMBAHASAN

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

BAB V
PENUTUP

V.1 KESIMPULAN

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V.2 SARAN
V.2.1 SARAN UNTUK LABORATORIUM

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V.2.2 SARAN UNTUK ASISTEN

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

DAFTAR PUSTAKA

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

LAMPIRAN

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM