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PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II

LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR


FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

BAB I
PENDAHULUAN

I.1. LATAR BELAKANG

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

I.2. TUJUAN PERCOBAAN

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I.3. RUANG LINGKUP

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

BAB II
TINJAUAN PUSTAKA

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

BAB III
METODOLOGI PERCOBAAN

III.1. ALAT DAN BAHAN

1. Set Kumpulan Kumparan

Fungsi:

2. Inti Besi berbentuk U


Fungsi:

3. Inti Besi berbentuk E


Fungsi:

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

4. AC Power Supply

Fungsi:

5. Banana Plug

Fungsi:

6. Multimeter

Fungsi:

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

III.2 PROSEDUR PERCOBAAN


III.2.1 Transformator dengan Tegangan Bertambah
1. Mengatur AC Power Supply, mengambil seluruh kumparan, dan alat lainnya ke
dalam ruang percobaan.
2. Mengatur kumparan seperti gambar 2 (dalam modul praktikum).
3. Mengatur kumparan primer sebanyak 800 lilitan, dan sekunder sebanyak 1600
lilitan, serta mengatur tegangan sebesar 1 Volt AC.
4. Mengukur tegangan output dan mencatat hasil dari percobaan ke dalam tabel 1.
5. Mengulangi langkah 3-4 dengan mengubah nilai lilitan primer, lilitan sekunder,
dan tegangan input sesuai dengan tabel 1 (dalam modul praktikum).
III.2.2 Transformator dengan Lilitan Bertambah
1. Mengatur AC Power Supply, mengambil seluruh kumparan, dan alat lainnya ke
dalam ruang percobaan.
2. Mengatur kumparan seperti gambar 2 (dalam modul praktikum).
3. Mengatur kumparan primer sebanyak 800 lilitan, dan sekunder sebanyak 400
lilitan, serta mengatur tegangan sebesar 4 Volt AC.
4. Mengukur tegangan output dan mencatat hasil dari percobaan ke dalam tabel 1.
5. Mengulangi langkah 3-4 dengan mengubah nilai lilitan primer, lilitan sekunder,
dan tegangan input sesuai dengan tabel 1 (dalam modul praktikum).
III.2.3 Transformator dengan inti berbentuk E
1. Mengatur AC Power Supply, mengambil seluruh kumparan, dan alat lainnya ke
dalam ruang percobaan.
2. Mengatur kumparan seperti gambar 3 (dalam modul praktikum).
3. Mengatur kumparan primer sebanyak 800 lilitan, dan sekunder sebanyak 200
lilitan, serta mengatur tegangan sebesar 4 Volt AC.
4. Mengukur tegangan output dan mencatat hasil dari percobaan ke dalam tabel 3.
5. Mengulangi langkah 3-4 dengan mengubah nilai lilitan primer, lilitan sekunder,
dan tegangan input sesuai dengan tabel 1 (dalam modul praktikum).

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

BAB IV
HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN

IV.1.1 HASIL
IV.1.1.1 TRANSFORMATOR DENGAN TEGANGAN BERUBAH
Primary Secondary
Coil Input V Coil Output V

IV.1.1.1 TRANSFORMATOR DENGAN LILITAN BERUBAH


Primary Secondary
Coil Input V Coil Output V

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

IV.1.1.1 TRANSFORMATOR DENGAN INTI BERBENTUK E


1st Configuration
Primary Secondary
Coil Input V Coil Output V

2nd Configuration
Primary Secondary
Coil Input V Coil Output V

3rd Configuration
Primary Secondary
Coil Input V Coil Output V

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

IV.1.2 PENGOLAHAN DATA


IV.1.2.1 Perhitungan Tegangan Sekunder
- TRANSFORMATOR DENGAN TEGANGAN BERUBAH SECARA
TEORI
𝑉1 𝑁2
𝑉2 =
𝑁1

- TRANSFORMATOR DENGAN LILITAN BERUBAH SECARA TEORI


𝑉1 𝑁2
𝑉2 =
𝑁1

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

- TRANSFORMATOR DENGAN INTI BESI BERBENTUK E

Sumbu x : Kumparan sekunder


Sumbu y : Tegangan keluaran

Tegangan Input : . . . V
Kumparan Primer : . . . Lilitan

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

PERSENTASE KESALAHAN
𝑉𝑡𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖 − 𝑉𝑝𝑟𝑎𝑘𝑡𝑒𝑘
%𝑃𝐾 = | | × 100%
𝑉𝑡𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖

- TRANSFORMATOR DENGAN TEGANGAN BERUBAH SECARA


TEORI

- TRANSFORMATOR DENGAN LILITAN BERUBAH SECARA TEORI

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

TRANSFORMATOR DENGAN TEGANGAN BERUBAH


Primer Sekunder
PK(%)
Coil Input V Coil Output V Teori Output V Praktik

TRANSFORMATOR DENGAN LILTAN BERUBAH


Primer Sekunder
PK(%)
Coil Input V Coil Output V Teori Output V Praktik

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

IV.2 PEMBAHASAN

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

BAB V
PENUTUP

V.1 KESIMPULAN

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V.2 SARAN
V.2.1 SARAN UNTUK LABORATORIUM

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V.2.2 SARAN UNTUK ASISTEN

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

DAFTAR PUSTAKA

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

LAMPIRAN

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM