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PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II

LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR


FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

BAB I
PENDAHULUAN

I.1. LATAR BELAKANG

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

I.2. TUJUAN PERCOBAAN

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I.3. RUANG LINGKUP

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

BAB II
TINJAUAN PUSTAKA

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

BAB III
METODOLOGI PERCOBAAN

III.1. ALAT DAN BAHAN


III.1.1 Fungsi Alat dan Bahan
1. AC/DC Electronics Lab Board : Resistors and Wire Leads

Fungsi :

2. Digital Multimeter

Fungsi :

3. D-cell Battery

Fungsi :

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

III.2 PROSEDUR PERCOBAAN


A. Mengukur Resistensi
1. Pilih tiga resistor dengan warna yang berbeda-beda. Masukkan set warna
tersebut ke table di bawah. Tentukan nilai kode resistor Anda. Masukkan
nilai toleransinya.
2. Tentukan nilai kode resistor Anda. Masukkan nilai dikolom berlabel
"Coded Resistance" pada Tabel . Masukkan Toleransi nilai seperti yang
ditunjukkan oleh warna pita keempat di bawah "Toleransi."
3. Gunakan Multimeter untuk mengukur daya tahan masing-masing
ketiganya resistor
4. Tentukan persentase kesalahan eksperimental dari masing-masing nilai
resistansi dan masukkan di kolom yang sesuai.
Kesalahan Eksperimental = [( Pengukuran - Code |) / Code] x 100%
Tabel 4.1
Color Coded Measured
Resistence Tolerance % Eror
1st 2nd 3rd 4th Resistence Resistence
#1
#2
#3

B. Mengukur Tegangan dan Arus dalam rangkaian listrik DC


1. Rangkaian Seri
1. Hubungkan tiga resistor yang sama dengan yang Anda gunakan dalam
Percobaan 4 ke dalam rangkaian seri yang ditunjukkan di bawah ini.
2. Sekarang gunakan fungsi voltase pada Multimeter untuk mengukur
tegangan di resistor individu dan kemudian melintasi kombinasi resistor.
Hati-hati untuk mengamati polaritasnya lead (merah adalah +, hitam
adalah -).

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

2. Rangkaian Paralel
Sambungkan rangkaian paralel di bawah, gunakan ketiga resistor.
Mengukur tegangan di masing-masing resistor dan kombinasi, hati-hati
dengan polaritas seperti sebelumnya.

3. Rangkaian Seri-Paralel
Gunakan tiga resistor yang tidak sama yang Anda gunakan dalam
percobaan terakhir buat rangkaian yang ditunjukkan di bawah ini.

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

BAB IV
HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN
IV.1 HASIL PENGAMATAN
IV.1.1 TABEL DATA
A. Rangkaian Seri

Resistor (Ω)
I(A) V(V)
Terbaca Terukur

B. Rangkaian Paralel

Resistor (Ω)
I(A) V(V)
Terbaca Terukur

C. Rangkaian Seri-Paralel

Resistor (Ω)
I(A) V(V)
Terbaca Terukur

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

IV.1.2 PENGOLAHAN DATA


Secara Teori
A. Rangkaian Seri
a. Menentukan nilai I dan V
V = I.R

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

B. Rangkaian Paralel
a. Menentukan nilai I dan V
V = I.R

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

C. Rangkaian Seri-Paralel
a. Menentukan nilai I dan V
V = I.R

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

IV.1.3 PRESENTASE KESALAHAN


IV.1.3.1 Hasil Presentase Kesalahan
A. Rangkaian Seri

I1 :
𝐼𝑇𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖 − 𝐼𝑃𝑟𝑎𝑘𝑡𝑖𝑘
𝑃𝐾1 = 𝑥 100 %
𝐼𝑇𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖

I2 :
𝐼𝑇𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖 − 𝐼𝑃𝑟𝑎𝑘𝑡𝑖𝑘
𝑃𝐾2 = 𝑥 100 %
𝐼𝑇𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖

I3 :

𝐼𝑇𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖 − 𝐼𝑃𝑟𝑎𝑘𝑡𝑖𝑘
𝑃𝐾3 = 𝑥 100 %
𝐼𝑇𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

B. Rangkaian Paralel

I1 :

𝐼𝑇𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖 − 𝐼𝑃𝑟𝑎𝑘𝑡𝑖𝑘
𝑃𝐾1 = 𝑥 100 %
𝐼𝑇𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖

I2 :
𝐼𝑇𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖 − 𝐼𝑃𝑟𝑎𝑘𝑡𝑖𝑘
𝑃𝐾2 = 𝑥 100 %
𝐼𝑇𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖

I3 :

𝐼𝑇𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖 − 𝐼𝑃𝑟𝑎𝑘𝑡𝑖𝑘
𝑃𝐾3 = 𝑥 100 %
𝐼𝑇𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

C. Rangkaian Seri-Paralel
I1 :
𝐼𝑇𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖 − 𝐼𝑃𝑟𝑎𝑘𝑡𝑖𝑘
𝑃𝐾1 = 𝑥 100 %
𝐼𝑇𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖

I2 :

𝐼𝑇𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖 − 𝐼𝑃𝑟𝑎𝑘𝑡𝑖𝑘
𝑃𝐾2 = 𝑥 100 %
𝐼𝑇𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖

I3 :

𝐼𝑇𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖 − 𝐼𝑃𝑟𝑎𝑘𝑡𝑖𝑘
𝑃𝐾3 = 𝑥 100 %
𝐼𝑇𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

IV.1.2 TABEL PRESENTASE KESALAHAN

a. Rangkaian Seri

R Iteori Ipraktik PK(%)

b. Rangkaian Paralel

R Iteori Ipraktik PK(%)

c. Rangkaian Seri-Paralel

R Iteori Ipraktik PK(%)

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

IV.2 PEMBAHASAN

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

BAB V
PENUTUP

V.1 KESIMPULAN

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V.2 SARAN
V.2.1 SARAN UNTUK LABORATORIUM

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V.2.2 SARAN UNTUK ASISTEN

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

DAFTAR PUSTAKA

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KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM
PRAKTIKUM FISIKA DASAR II
LABORATORIUM FISIKA DASAR
FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
Kampus II FT-UH Jl. Poros Malino Km. 7, Borongloe Gowa 92171
Telepon (0411) 586200/ (0411) 584200 Faximile (0411) 585188

LAMPIRAN

KELOMPOK XXX (angka Romawi)


NAMA | NIM