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Sistem Informasi Manajemen

STMIK IKMI Cirebon –


byby
Rini
Rini
Astuti
Astuti

Pengantar Sistem Informasi


5/4/2020 8:17 PM
Rini 1Astuti
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Topik Pembahasan

1. Komponen Sistem
2. Evolusi di Bidang Aplikasi Komputer
3. Pengguna sistem informasi
4. Peranan Informasi dalam pemecahan masalah

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Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Sistem dan sub sistem

➢ Sistem mempunyai karakteristik atau


sifat-sifat yang tertentu seperti
1. elemen-elemen (elements),
2. batasan system (boundary),
3. lingkungan system (environments),
penghubung (interface),
4. masukan (input), • Sub sistem : sistem di dalam sistem berarti
5. pengolahan (process), sistem berada pada lebih dari satu tingkat
6. Keluaran (output), dan • Supersistem : bagian dari sistem yanglebih besar
7. tujuan (goals). • Sistem bisnis : sistem perusahaan dalam satu
atau lebihsistem lingkungan yang lebih besar
atau supersistem
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Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Jenis Sistem
• Sistem Fisik dan sistem konseptual/virtual
Komputer adalah suatu sistem fisik, tetapi data dan
informasi yang disimpan di dalamnya dapat dipandang
sebagai suatu virtual/konseptual.
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Evolution in Computer Applications

• Information systems are virtual systems that enable


management to control the operations of the
physical system of the firm.
• Physical system – tangible resources such as
materials, personnel, machines, and money.
• Virtual system – information resources that are
used to represent the physical system.

Management Information Systems, 10/e Raymond McLeod


© 2007 by Prentice Hall 5
and George Schell
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Figure 1.6 The Physical System of the


Firm

Management Information Systems, 10/e Raymond McLeod


© 2007 by Prentice Hall 6
and George Schell
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Computer Applications (Cont’d)

• Open system is a firm’s physical system that interacts with its


environment by means of physical resource flows.
• Closed system is one that does not communicate with its
environment.

Management Information Systems, 10/e Raymond McLeod


© 2007 by Prentice Hall 7
and George Schell
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Transaction Processing Systems

• Data – facts and figures that are generally unusable due to their large
volume and unrefined nature.
• Information – processed data that is meaningful; tells users
something.
• Transaction Processing System (TPS) processes data that reflects the
activities of the firm.

Management Information Systems, 10/e Raymond McLeod


© 2007 by Prentice Hall 8
and George Schell
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Pentingnya suatu pandangan sistem

Sebagai suatu cara pandang manajer yang abstrak tetapi bernilai


potensial, pandangan sistem sbb :
1. Mencegah manajer tersesat dalam kerumitan struktur organisasi
dan rincian pekerjaan
2. Menyadari perlunya memilikitujuan-tujuan baik
3. Menekankan pentingnya kerja sama semua bagian dalam
organisasi
4. Mengakuiketerkaitan organisasi dengan lingkungannya
5. Memberikan penilaian yang tinggi pada informasi umpan
balikyang hanya dapat dicapai dengan cara sistem lingkaran
tertutup

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Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

EVOLUSI SISTEM INFORMASI BERBASIS


KOMPUTER
Diawal menerapkan komputer dalam area bisnis fokus pada data,
berlanjut kepada penekanan informasi dan pendukung keputusan
• Fokus awal pada data
• Fokus baru pada informasi
• Fokus revisi pada pendukung keputusan
• Fokus sekarang pada komunikasi
• Fokus potensial pada konsultasi
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Computer Applications (Cont’d)

• Open system is a firm’s physical system that interacts with its


environment by means of physical resource flows.
• Closed system is one that does not communicate with its
environment.

Management Information Systems, 10/e Raymond McLeod


© 2007 by Prentice Hall 11
and George Schell
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Transaction Processing Systems

• Data – facts and figures that are generally unusable due to their large
volume and unrefined nature.
• Information – processed data that is meaningful; tells users
something.
• Transaction Processing System (TPS) processes data that reflects the
activities of the firm.

Management Information Systems, 10/e Raymond McLeod


© 2007 by Prentice Hall 12
and George Schell
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Figure 1.7 A Model of a Transaction


Processing System

Management Information Systems, 10/e Raymond McLeod


© 2007 by Prentice Hall 13
and George Schell
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Management Information Systems

• Management Information System (MIS) is a computer-based system


that makes information available to users with similar needs.
• Report-writing software – produces both periodic and special
reports.
• Mathematical models – produces information as a simulation of the
firm’s operations.

Management Information Systems, 10/e Raymond McLeod


© 2007 by Prentice Hall 14
and George Schell
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Figure 1.8 A MIS Model

Management Information Systems, 10/e Raymond McLeod


© 2007 by Prentice Hall 15
and George Schell
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

MIS (Cont’d)

• Information provided by MIS describes the firm or one of its major


systems.
•What has happened in the past.
•What is happening now.
•What is likely to happen in the future.
• Interorganizational information system (IOS) – is formed when a
firm interacts with others, such as suppliers.

Management Information Systems, 10/e Raymond McLeod


© 2007 by Prentice Hall 16
and George Schell
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Virtual Office Systems

• Office automation – use of electronics to facilitate communication.


• Personal productivity systems – use technology to self-manage
clerical tasks such as calendars, address books, etc.
• Virtual office – performing office activities independent of a
particular physical location.

Management Information Systems, 10/e Raymond McLeod


© 2007 by Prentice Hall 17
and George Schell
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Decision Support Systems

• Decision Support System (DSS) – assists management in solving a


problem.
• Groupware – group-oriented software.
• Group decision support system (GDSS) combines groupware and the
DSS.
• Artificial intelligence (AI) – the science of providing computers with
human intellegence.

Management Information Systems, 10/e Raymond McLeod


© 2007 by Prentice Hall 18
and George Schell
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Figure 1.9 A DSS Model

Management Information Systems, 10/e Raymond McLeod


© 2007 by Prentice Hall 19
and George Schell
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Enterprise Resource Planning Systems

• Enterprise Resource Planning System (ERP) is a computer-based


system that enables the management of all of the firm’s resources on
an organization-wide basis.
• Y2K complaint
• SAP – ERP Provider

Management Information Systems, 10/e Raymond McLeod


© 2007 by Prentice Hall 20
and George Schell
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Information System Users

• First users were clerical users on TPSs.


• MISs added problem-solvers as users.
• Managerial Levels
• Strategic planning level
• Management control level
• Operational control level

Management Information Systems, 10/e Raymond McLeod


© 2007 by Prentice Hall 21
and George Schell
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Figure 1.10 Management Levels

Management Information Systems, 10/e Raymond McLeod


© 2007 by Prentice Hall 22
and George Schell
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Figure 1.11 Managers in Business


Areas

Management Information Systems, 10/e Raymond McLeod


© 2007 by Prentice Hall 23
and George Schell
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Figure 1.12 Management Functions

Management Information Systems, 10/e Raymond McLeod


© 2007 by Prentice Hall 24
and George Schell
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Table 1.2 Mintzberg’s Managerial


Roles

Management Information Systems, 10/e Raymond McLeod


© 2007 by Prentice Hall 25
and George Schell
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Problem Solving & Decision Making

• Problem – a condition or event that is harmful or potentially harmful


to a firm or that is beneficial or potentially beneficial.
• Solution – outcome of the problem-solving activity.
• Decision – a particular selected course of action.

Management Information Systems, 10/e Raymond McLeod


© 2007 by Prentice Hall 26
and George Schell
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Four Problem-Solving Phases

• Intelligence activity. Search the environment for conditions calling


for a solution.
• Design activity. Invent, develop, and analyze possible courses of
action.
• Choice activity. Select a particular course of action from those
available.
• Review activity. Assess past choices.

Management Information Systems, 10/e Raymond McLeod


© 2007 by Prentice Hall 27
and George Schell
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Figure 1.13 Information Supports Each


Problem-solving Phase

Management Information Systems, 10/e Raymond McLeod


© 2007 by Prentice Hall 28
and George Schell
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

The Future of Information Technology

• Reduced cost & increased power of both computers and


communications.
• Computers & communications are converging, i.e. cell phones with
browsers.
• Future computing will be low cost, small in size, mobile, and
connected.

Management Information Systems, 10/e Raymond McLeod


© 2007 by Prentice Hall 29
and George Schell
Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

Tugas individu
1. Mengapa bahwa mengerti informasi lebih penting daripada
mengerti komputer, setujuhkah anda? Jelaskan alasan jawaban
anda!
2. Jelaskan mengapa perguruan tinggi anda adalah suatu sistem,
jelaskan mengapa ia juga merupakan suatu supersistem serta
sub sistem.
3. Apakah komputer suatu sistem fisik, suatu sistem konseptual,
atau keduanya. Jelaskan !
4. Mengapa suatu sistem bukan milik para spesialis informasi
walaupun mereka mungkin paling banyak mengerjakan
pengembangannya. Jelaskan !
Subject : SIM KLS T1 NIM NAMA

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Sistem Informasi Manajemen
STMIK IKMI Cirebon by Rini Astuti

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