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CNT A170 Ch 3 Study Guide

Question Slide

1) What is the role of the OSI application layer? It is the layer that provides the interface between 3.1.1
the applications we use to communicate and the underlying network over which our messages are
transmitted. This layer protocols are used to exchange data between programs running on the
source and destination hosts

2) What two forms does application layer software take? Applications and services Network – 3.1.2
aware applications are the soft programs used by people to communicate over the network.

3) Who starts a data exchange in the client/server model? What is a client? What is a server? 3.2.1
Can they be the same device? The client begins the exchange by requesting data from the server.
The server is the device responding to the request. Yes they can be the same device. The device
requesting the information is called a client and the device responding to the request is called a

4) How are several different requests for an application layer service handled/differentiated? The 3.2.2
individual client request must be handled simultaneously and separately for the network to

5) What are the characteristics of peer-to-peer networks? Based on this, what do you think the 3.2.4
advantages of a client/server network would be? Two or more computers are connected via a
network and can share resources (such as printers and files) without having a dedicated server.
Client/server model uses dedicated servers.

6) How do peer-to-peer applications work? Allows a device to act as both a client and a server 3.2.4
within the same communication. Both can initiate a communication and considered equal in the
communication process. Peer-to-Peer applications can be used on peer-to-peer networks,
client/server networks, and across the internet.

7) What application layer protocols and services are talked about in their own sections? Know 3.1.1
what each one does. The application layer provides the interface between application we use to 3.1.4
communicate. This layer is used to exchange data between programs running on the source and
destination hosts. The presentation layer has 3 primary functions (1) Coding and conversions of
application layer data to ensure data from source device. (2) Compression of the data in a manner
that can be decompressed by the source device. (3)Encryption of the data for transmission and the
decryption of data upon receipt by the destination. Session Layer implies,functions at this layer
created and maintain dialogs between source and destination application
8) What role do resource records play in DNS? DNS protocol communications use a single format 3.3.1
called a message. This message format is used for all types of client queries and server 3.1.1
responses, error messages, and the trans of resource record information between servers. DNS is
used to resolve Internet names to IP addresses.

9) What are the roles of the MTA, the MDA, the MUA, and SMTP in handling email? Simple Mail 3.3.3
Transfer Protocol SMTP- governs the transfer of outbound e-mail from the Mail User Agent (MUA)
allows messages to be sent and places received messages into the client’s mailbox. Mail Transfer
Agent is used to forward-mail Mail Delivery Agent accepts a piece of e-mail from MTA it can also
resolve final delivery issues, such as virus scanning,spam filtering and return

10) What is the OSI Layer 4 (Transport Layer) port numbers for HTTP, DNS, FTP and Telnet? 3.3.4
FTP TCP port 21 this connection is for the actual file transfer. Port 20 is TCP DNS TCP/UDP Port
53, HTTP TCP Port 80, Telnet TCP Port 23