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1.http://penghunisahara.blogspot.

com/2008/02/makam-makam-di-
bab-saghir.html

Makam Bilal bin Rabah

MaMMakaka
Bab Saghir terletak di salah satu sudut Old City Damascus atau
dikenali dengan Dimashq Qadimah. Kawasan tersebut menjadi salah
satu dari 9 buah pintu untuk memasuki kota lama berdinding tersebut.

Di kawasan Bab Saghir terdapat sebuah kawasan yang sering


dikunjungi dan diziarahi oleh masyarakat tempatan Syria dan
pengunjung dari luar. Ia menjadi salah satu kawasan yang masyhur
sejak zaman berzaman dan tidak putus diziarahi. Kawasan tersebut
ialah Maqamat Bab Saghir yang menempatkan Makam-makam para
sahabat Rasulullah S.A.W serta Ahli Keluarga baginda.
Lokasi ini mudah diziarahi dan terletak berhampiran dengan Souq
Hammidiyah di Dimashq. Sekiranya anda berkunjung ke Dimashq dan
berada di Souq Hammidiyah, jalan ke arah Souq Asinaniyyah akan
membawa anda terus ke Shariq Ahlil Bait. Makam-makam sahabat dan
ahlil bayt Rasulullah S.A.W terletak bersebelahan jalan tersebut.

Untuk entry kali ini, saya masukkan gambar-gambar antara makam-


makam sahabat dan ahlil bayt Rasulullah S.A.W yang terdapat di
kawasan Bab Saghir. Ia terletak di dalam satu kawasan perkuburan
yang luas dan berdekatan.

2. http://ms.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bilal_bin_Rabah

Bilal bin Rabah


Dari Wikipedia Bahasa Melayu, ensiklopedia bebas.

Lompat ke: navigasi, gelintar

Bilal bin Rabah r.a dilahirkan di Kota Mekah sekitar tahun 43 Sebelum Hijrah. Bilal r.a
dibesarkan di Kota Mekah sebagai seorang hamba anak-anak yatim Bani Abdul Dar yang
berada di bawah jagaan Umaiyyah bin Khalaf. Setelah Rasulullah s.a.w dibangkitkan
menjadi Nabi dengan membawa risalah Islam, Bilal adalah terdiri dari kalangan orang-
orang yang paling awal memeluk Islam.

Pengislamannya
Ketika beliau memeluk Islam, hanya terdapat beberapa orang sahaja yang memeluk Islam
di atas permukaan bumi ini iaitu: Khadijah binti Khuwailid, Abu Bakar As-Siddiq, Ali
bin Abi Talib, Ammar ibn Yasir serta ibunya Sumaiyyah, Suhaib Ar-Rumi dan Miqdad
Al-Aswad. Beliau menerima Islam melalui sahabatnya yang bernama al Fadl dan dilihat
beliau begitu bersungguh-sungguh untuk mendalami ajaran agama Islam sehingga
sanggup berulang-alik ke rumah Arqam bin Abi Al-Arqam secara rahsia supaya
kegiatannya menerima Islam sebagai sebahagian daripada hidupnya tidak diketahui oleh
tuannya.

Namun akhirnya Umaiyah mengetahuinya dan memujuk Bilal agar meninggalkan Islam
dan kembali ke ajaran asalnya, tetapi Bilal berkeras untuk mempertahankan Islam sebagai
agama dunia dan akhiratnya. Umaiyah pernah berkata,

“Aku berkuasa ke atas tubuh dan jasadmu.”


Tetapi Bilal lantas menjawab,

“Fikiranku, imanku dan kepercayaanku bukan milikmu.”

Setelah gagal memujuk Bilal, Umaiyah nekad untuk bertindak kejam ke atas Bilal dengan
mengikat batu besar di tubuh Bilal yang tidak berpakaian, mengheret ke tengah padang
pasir yang panas membakar dan memukul tanpa belas kasihan.

[sunting] Jasa dan Perjuangannya


Beliau meninggal dunia pada tahun 23 Hijrah di negeri Syam dan dikebumikan di
Damsyik. Sepanjang hayatnya beliau diakui sebagai seorang yang patuh dan rajin
terhadap tanggungjawabnya, ikhlas, amanah, berani, tabah, dan sanggup menghadapi
risiko demi mempertahankan kebenaran. Beliau juga pernah menyertai barisan tentera
Islam dalam beberapa peperangan dan dilantik sebagai juruazan oleh Rasulullah dan
kerana itulah namanya kini diabadikan kepada setiap juruazan atau bilal.

Diambil daripada "http://ms.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bilal_bin_Rabah"

3. http://abihumaid.wordpress.com/2008/06/18/bilal-bin-rabah-al-habasyi-wafat-20-h641-
m/

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Maktabah Abi Humaid


• Muqaddimah

Bilal bin Rabah Al Habasyi (wafat 20 H/641 M)


Posted on Juni 18, 2008. Filed under: Para Sahabat | Tags: Biografi, Contoh, Hadits, Jejak, Khalifah, Moslem,
Muslim, Pemimpin, Sahabat, Salaf, Tauladan, Tokoh, Ulama, Ummat |

Namanya adalah Bilal bin Rabah, Muazin Rasulullah Shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam,
memiliki kisah menarik tentang sebuah perjuangan mempertahankan aqidah.
Sebuah kisah yang tidak akan pernah membosankan, walaupun terus diulang-ulang
sepanjang zaman. Kekuatan alurnya akan membuat setiap orang tetap penasaran
untuk mendengarnya.

Bilal lahir di daerah as-Sarah sekitar 43 tahun sebelum hijrah. Ayahnya bernama
Rabah, sedangkan ibunya bernama Hamamah, seorang budak wanita berkulit hitam
yang tinggal di Mekah. Karena ibunya itu, sebagian orang memanggil Bilal dengan
sebutan ibnus-Sauda’ (putra wanita hitam).

Bilal dibesarkan di kota Ummul Qura (Mekah) sebagai seorang budak milik keluarga
bani Abduddar. Saat ayah mereka meinggal, Bilal diwariskan kepada Umayyah bin
Khalaf, seorang tokoh penting kaum kafir.

Ketika Mekah diterangi cahaya agama baru dan Rasul yang agung Shalallahu ‘alaihi
wasallam mulai mengumandangkan seruan kalimat tauhid, Bilal adalah termasuk
orang-orang pertama yang memeluk Islam. Saat Bilal masuk Islam, di bumi ini
hanya ada beberapa orang yang telah mendahuluinya memeluk agama baru itu,
seperti Ummul Mu’minin Khadijah binti Khuwailid, Abu Bakar ash-Shiddiq, Ali bin Abu
Thalib, ‘Ammar bin Yasir bersama ibunya, Sumayyah, Shuhaib ar-Rumi, dan al-
Miqdad bin al-Aswad.

Bilal merasakan penganiayaan orang-orang musyrik yang lebih berat dari siapa pun.
Berbagai macam kekerasan, siksaan, dan kekejaman mendera tubuhnya. Namun ia,
sebagaimana kaum muslimin yang lemah lainnya, tetap sabar menghadapi ujian di
jalan Allah itu dengan kesabaran yang jarang sanggup ditunjukkan oleh siapa pun.

Orang-orang Islam seperti Abu Bakar dan Ali bin Abu Thalib masih memiliki keluarga
dan suku yang membela mereka. Akan tetapi, orang-orang yang tertindas
(mustadh’afun) dari kalangan hamba sahaya dan budak itu, tidak memiliki siapa
pun, sehingga orang-orang Quraisy menyiksanya tanpa belas kasihan. Quraisy ingin
menjadikan penyiksaan atas mereka sebagai contoh dan pelajaran bagi setiap orang
yang ingin mengikuti ajaran Muhammad.

Kaum yang tertindas itu disiksa oleh orang-orang kafir Quraisy yang berhati sangat
kejam dan tak mengenal kasih sayang, seperti Abu Jahal yang telah menodai dirinya
dengan membunuh Sumayyah. Ia sempat menghina dan mencaci maki, kemudian
menghunjamkan tombaknya pada perut Sumayyah hingga menembus punggung,
dan gugurlah syuhada pertama dalam sejarah Islam.

Sementara itu, saudara-saudara seperjuangan Sumayyah, terutama Bilal bin Rabah,


terus disiksa oleh Quraisy tanpa henti. Biasanya, apabila matahari tepat di atas
ubun-ubun dan padang pasir Mekah berubah menjadi perapian yang begitu
menyengat, orang-orang Quraisy itu mulai membuka pakaian orang-orang Islam
yang tertindas itu, lalu memakaikan baju besi pada mereka dan membiarkan mereka
terbakar oleh sengatan matahari yang terasa semakin terik. Tidak cukup sampai di
sana, orang-orang Quraisy itu mencambuk tubuh mereka sambil memaksa mereka
mencaci maki Muhammad.

Adakalanya, saat siksaan terasa begitu berat dan kekuatan tubuh orang-orang Islam
yang tertindas itu semakin lemah untuk menahannya, mereka mengikuti kemauan
orang-orang Quraisy yang menyiksa mereka secara lahir, sementara hatinya tetap
pasrah kepada Allah dan Rasul-Nya, kecuali Bilal, semoga Allah meridhainya.
Baginya, penderitaan itu masih terasa terlalu ringan jika dibandingkan dengan
kecintaannya kepada Allah dan perjuangan di jalan-Nya.

Orang Quraisy yang paling banyak menyiksa Bilal adalah Umayyah bin Khalaf
bersama para algojonya. Mereka menghantam punggung telanjang Bilal dengan
cambuk, namun Bilal hanya berkata, “Ahad, Ahad … (Allah Maha Esa).” Mereka
menindih dada telanjang Bilal dengan batu besar yang panas, Bilal pun hanya
berkata, “Ahad, Ahad ….“ Mereka semakin meningkatkan penyiksaannya, namun
Bilal tetap mengatakan, “Ahad, Ahad….”

Mereka memaksa Bilal agar memuji Latta dan ‘Uzza, tapi Bilal justru memuji nama
Allah dan Rasul-Nya. Mereka terus memaksanya, “Ikutilah yang kami katakan!”

Bilal menjawab, “Lidahku tidak bisa mengatakannya.” Jawaban ini membuat siksaan
mereka semakin hebat dan keras.

Apabila merasa lelah dan bosan menyiksa, sang tiran, Umayyah bin Khalaf, mengikat
leher Bilal dengan tali yang kasar lalu menyerahkannya kepada sejumlah orang tak
berbudi dan anak-anak agar menariknya di jalanan dan menyeretnya di sepanjang
Abthah1 Mekah. Sementara itu, Bilal menikmati siksaan yang diterimanya karena
membela ajaran Allah dan Rasul-Nya. Ia terus mengumandangkan pernyataan
agungnya, “Ahad…, Ahad…, Ahad…, Ahad….” Ia terus mengulang-ulangnya tanpa
merasa bosan dan lelah.

Suatu ketika, Abu Bakar Rodhiallahu ‘anhu mengajukan penawaran kepada Umayyah
bin Khalaf untuk membeli Bilal darinya. Umayyah menaikkan harga berlipat ganda.
Ia mengira Abu Bakar tidak akan mau membayarnya. Tapi ternyata, Abu Bakar
setuju, walaupun harus mengeluarkan sembilan uqiyah emas2.

Seusai transaksi, Umayyah berkata kepada Abu Bakar, “Sebenarnya, kalau engkau
menawar sampai satu uqiyah-pun, maka aku tidak akan ragu untuk menjualnya.”

Abu Bakar membalas, “Seandainya engkau memberi tawaran sampai seratus uqiyah-
pun, maka aku tidak akan ragu untuk membelinya.”

Ketika Abu Bakar memberi tahu Rasulullah Shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam bahwa ia telah
membeli sekaligus menyelamatkan Bilal dari cengkeraman para penyiksanya,
Rasulullah Shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam berkata kepada Abu Bakar, “Kalau begitu,
biarkan aku bersekutu denganmu untuk membayarnya, wahai Abu Bakar.”

Ash-Shiddiq Rodhiallahu ‘anhu menjawab, “Aku telah memerdekakannya, wahai


Rasulullah.”

Setelah Rasulullah Shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam mengizinkan sahabat-sahabatnya


untuk hijrah ke Madinah, mereka segera berhijrah, termasuk Bilal Rodhiallahu ‘anhu.
Setibanya di Madinah, Bilal tinggal satu rumah dengan Abu Bakar dan ‘Amir bin Fihr.
Malangnya, mereka terkena penyakit demam. Apabila demamnya agak reda, Bilal
melantunkan gurindam kerinduan dengan suaranya yang jernih,

Duhai malangnya aku, akankah suatu malam nanti

Aku bermalam di Fakh3 dikelilingi pohon idzkhir4 dan jalil

Akankah suatu hari nanti aku minum air Mijannah5

Akankah aku melihat lagi pegunungan Syamah dan Thafil6


Tidak perlu heran, mengapa Bilal begitu mendambakan Mekah dan
perkampungannya; merindukan lembah dan pegunungannya, karena di sanalah ia
merasakan nikmatnya iman. Di sanalah ia menikmati segala bentuk siksaan untuk
mendapatkan keridhaan Allah. Di sanalah ia berhasil melawan nafsu dan godaan
setan.

Bilal tinggal di Madinah dengan tenang dan jauh dari jangkauan orang-orang Quraisy
yang kerap menyiksanya. Kini, ia mencurahkan segenap perhatiannya untuk
menyertai Nabi sekaligus kekasihnya, Muhammad Shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam. Bilal
selalu mengikuti Rasulullah Shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam ke mana pun beliau pergi.
Selalu bersamanya saat shalat maupun ketika pergi untuk berjihad.
Kebersamaannya dengan Rasulullah Shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam ibarat bayangan
yang tidak pernah lepas dari pemiliknya.

Ketika Rasulullah Shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam selesai membangun Masjid Nabawi di


Madinah dan menetapkan azan, maka Bilal ditunjuk sebagai orang pertama yang
mengumandangkan azan (muazin) dalam sejarah Islam.

Biasanya, setelah mengumandangkan azan, Bilal berdiri di depan pintu rumah


Rasulullah Shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam seraya berseru, “Hayya ‘alashsholaati hayya
‘alashsholaati…(Mari melaksanakan shalat, mari meraih keuntungan….)” Lalu, ketika
Rasulullah Shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam keluar dari rumah dan Bilal melihat beliau,
Bilal segera melantunkan iqamat.

Suatu ketika, Najasyi, Raja Habasyah, menghadiahkan tiga tombak pendek yang
termasuk barang-barang paling istimewa miliknya kepada Rasulullah Shalallahu
‘alaihi wasallam. Rasulullah Shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam mengambil satu tombak,
sementara sisanya diberikan kepada Ali bin Abu Thalib dan Umar ibnul Khaththab,
tapi tidak lama kemudian, beliau memberikan tombak itu kepada Bilal. Sejak saat
itu, selama Nabi hidup, Bilal selalu membawa tombak pendek itu ke mana-mana. Ia
membawanya dalam kesempatan dua shalat ‘id (Idul Fitri dan Idul Adha), dan shalat
istisqa’ (mohon turun hujan), dan menancapkannya di hadapan beliau saat
melakukan shalat di luar masjid.

Bilal menyertai Nabi Shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam dalam Perang Badar. Ia


menyaksikan dengan mata kepalanya sendiri bagaimana Allah memenuhi janji-Nya
dan menolong tentara-Nya. Ia juga melihat langsung tewasnya para pembesar
Quraisy yang pernah menyiksanya dengan hebat. Ia melihat Abu Jahal dan Umayyah
bin Khalaf tersungkur berkalang tanah ditembus pedang kaum muslimin dan
darahnya mengalir deras karena tusukan tombak orang-orang yang mereka siksa
dahulu.

Ketika Rasulullah Shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam menaklukkan kota Mekah, beliau


berjalan di depan pasukan hijaunya bersama ’sang pengumandang panggilan langit’,
Bilal bin Rabah. Saat masuk ke Ka’bah, beliau hanya ditemani oleh tiga orang, yaitu
Utsman bin Thalhah, pembawa kunci Ka’bah, Usamah bin Zaid, yang dikenal sebagai
kekasih Rasulullah Shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam dan putra dari kekasihnya, dan Bilal
bin Rabah, Muazin Rasulullah Shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam.

Shalat Zhuhur tiba. Ribuan orang berkumpul di sekitar Rasulullah Shalallahu ‘alaihi
wasallam, termasuk orang-orang Quraisy yang baru masuk Islam saat itu, baik
dengan suka hati maupun terpaksa. Semuanya menyaksikan pemandangan yang
agung itu. Pada saat-saat yang sangat bersejarah itu, Rasulullah Shalallahu ‘alaihi
wasallam memanggil Bilal bin Rabah agar naik ke atap Ka’bah untuk
mengumandangkan kalimat tauhid dari sana. Bilal melaksanakan perintah Rasul
Shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam dengan senang hati, lalu mengumandangkan azan
dengan suaranya yang bersih dan jelas.

Ribuan pasang mata memandang ke arahnya dan ribuan lidah mengikuti kalimat
azan yang dikumandangkannya. Tetapi di sisi lain, orang-orang yang tidak beriman
dengan sepenuh hatinya, tak kuasa memendam hasad di dalam dada. Mereka
merasa kedengkian telah merobek-robek hati mereka.

Saat azan yang dikumandangkan Bilal sampai pada kalimat, “Asyhadu anna
muhammadan rosuulullaahi (Aku bersaksi bahwa Muhammad adalah utusan Allah)”.
Juwairiyah binti Abu Jahal bergumam, “Sungguh, Allah telah mengangkat
kedudukanmu. Memang, kami tetap akan shalat, tapi demi Allah, kami tidak
menyukai orang yang telah membunuh orang-orang yang kami sayangi.”
Maksudnya, adalah ayahnya yang tewas dalam Perang Badar.

Khalid bin Usaid berkata, “Aku bersyukur kepada Allah yang telah memuliakan
ayahku dengan tidak menyaksikan peristiwa hari ini.” Kebetulan ayahnya meninggal
sehari sebelum Rasulullah Shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam masuk ke kota Mekah..

Sementara al-Harits bin Hisyam berkata, “Sungguh malang nasibku, mengapa aku
tidak mati saja sebelum melihat Bilal naik ke atas Ka’bah.”

AI-Hakam bin Abu al-’Ash berkata, “Demi Allah, ini musibah yang sangat besar.
Seorang budak bani Jumah bersuara di atas bangunan ini (Ka’bah).”

Sementara Abu Sufyan yang berada dekat mereka hanya berkata, “Aku tidak
mengatakan apa pun, karena kalau aku membuat pernyataan, walau hanya satu
kalimat, maka pasti akan sampai kepada Muhammad bin Abdullah.”

Bilal menjadi muazin tetap selama Rasulullah Shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam hidup.
Selama itu pula, Rasulullah Shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam sangat menyukai suara yang
saat disiksa dengan siksaan yang begitu berat di masa lalu, ia melantunkan kata,
“Ahad…, Ahad… (Allah Maha Esa).”

Sesaat setelah Rasulullah Shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam mengembuskan napas terakhir,


waktu shalat tiba. Bilal berdiri untuk mengumandangkan azan, sementara jasad
Rasulullah Shalallahu ‘alaihi wasallam masih terbungkus kain kafan dan belum
dikebumikan. Saat Bilal sampai pada kalimat, “Asyhadu anna muhammadan
rosuulullaahi (Aku bersaksi bahwa Muhammad adalah utusan Allah)”, tiba-tiba
suaranya terhenti. Ia tidak sanggup mengangkat suaranya lagi. Kaum muslimin yang
hadir di sana tak kuasa menahan tangis, maka meledaklah suara isak tangis yang
membuat suasana semakin mengharu biru.

Sejak kepergian Rasulullah Sholallahu ‘alaihi wasallam, Bilal hanya sanggup


mengumandangkan azan selama tiga hari. Setiap sampai kepada kalimat, “Asyhadu
anna muhammadan rosuulullaahi (Aku bersaksi bahwa Muhammad adalah utusan
Allah)”, ia langsung menangis tersedu-sedu. Begitu pula kaum muslimin yang
mendengarnya, larut dalam tangisan pilu.
Karena itu, Bilal memohon kepada Abu Bakar, yang menggantikan posisi Rasulullah
Sholallahu ‘alaihi wasallam sebagai pemimpin, agar diperkenankan tidak
mengumandangkan azan lagi, karena tidak sanggup melakukannya. Selain itu, Bilal
juga meminta izin kepadanya untuk keluar dari kota Madinah dengan alasan berjihad
di jalan Allah dan ikut berperang ke wilayah Syam.

Awalnya, ash-Shiddiq merasa ragu untuk mengabulkan permohonan Bilal sekaligus


mengizinkannya keluar dari kota Madinah, namun Bilal mendesaknya seraya
berkata, “Jika dulu engkau membeliku untuk kepentingan dirimu sendiri, maka
engkau berhak menahanku, tapi jika engkau telah memerdekakanku karena Allah,
maka biarkanlah aku bebas menuju kepada-Nya.”

Abu Bakar menjawab, “Demi Allah, aku benar-benar membelimu untuk Allah, dan
aku memerdekakanmu juga karena Allah.”

Bilal menyahut, “Kalau begitu, aku tidak akan pernah mengumandangkan azan
untuk siapa pun setelah Rasulullah Sholallahu ‘alaihi wasallam wafat.”

Abu Bakar menjawab, “Baiklah, aku mengabulkannya.” Bilal pergi meninggalkan


Madinah bersama pasukan pertama yang dikirim oleh Abu Bakar. Ia tinggal di
daerah Darayya yang terletak tidak jauh dari kota Damaskus. Bilal benar-benar tidak
mau mengumandangkan azan hingga kedatangan Umar ibnul Khaththab ke wilayah
Syam, yang kembali bertemu dengan Bilal Rodhiallahu ‘anhu setelah terpisah cukup
lama.

Umar sangat merindukan pertemuan dengan Bilal dan menaruh rasa hormat begitu
besar kepadanya, sehingga jika ada yang menyebut-nyebut nama Abu Bakar ash-
Shiddiq di depannya, maka Umar segera menimpali (yang artinya), “Abu Bakar
adalah tuan kita dan telah memerdekakan tuan kita (maksudnya Bilal).”

Dalam kesempatan pertemuan tersebut, sejumlah sahabat mendesak Bilal agar mau
mengumandangkan azan di hadapan al-Faruq Umar ibnul Khaththab. Ketika suara
Bilal yang nyaring itu kembali terdengar mengumandangkan azan, Umar tidak
sanggup menahan tangisnya, maka iapun menangis tersedu-sedu, yang kemudian
diikuti oleh seluruh sahabat yang hadir hingga janggut mereka basah dengan air
mata. Suara Bilal membangkitkan segenap kerinduan mereka kepada masa-masa
kehidupan yang dilewati di Madinah bersama Rasulullah Shalallahu ‘alaihi
wasallam..BiIal, “pengumandang seruan langit itu”, tetap tinggal di Damaskus
hingga wafat.

Sumber: Shuwar min Hayaatis Shahabah, karya, Doktor ‘Abdurrahman Ra’fat Basya

Diambil dari : http://ahlulhadist.wordpress.com/2007/10/12/bilal-bin-rabah-al-


habasyi-wafat-20-h641-m/
4. http://www.anwary-islam.com/companion/s-bilal.htm

BILAL BIN RIBAH Radhia Allahu Anaha


Blessed Ten Companion
Bilal Ibn Rabah, the first Muazzin of Islam, was one of the most trusted and loyal companion of
Abu bakr Siddiq Holy Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.).He was a true model of the morals and customs of Islam. He
U'mar-e-Farooq cherished unbounded love for the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) and was deeply devoted to Islam. He was a
Uthman bin Affa'an staunch foe of the infidels and idolaters but this involved no personal feelings. He held the infidels in
Ali Ibn Abi Talib deep contempt because they were the enemies of Islam and the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.).
Abdur-Rahman bin A'aowf
Sad ibn Abi Waqqas
He is, generally, known as "BILAL HABASHI", but actually his features were not identical with those of
Said ibn Zayd
Abu Ubaydah bin Al-Jirrah the. Habashi or Zangi, His complexion was black but his hair was not curly, it was thick. Actually, his
Talhah ibn Ubaydullah complexion was dark-brown. His body was tall and slim and his chest prominent. His cheeks were thin
Zubair bin Al-Awam but his nose was not snub. Thus, as the historians opine, he was not a pure Abyssinian. His father
was an Arab hut his mother was an Abyssinian. His fathers name was Rabah and his mother was
called Hamama, It is likely that Hamama was a slave girl from Mecca or Sarat, Sarat is a town
Famous Companions between Yemen and Abyssinia, Some of the historians claim that he was born at Mecca, but the
majority of the historians opine that Bilal was born in Sarat, And the latter view seem to be
Abbad ibn Bishr
acceptable for there could be a mixed race in Sarat.
Abdullah ibn Abbas
Abdullah ibn Jahsh
Abdullah ibn Mas'ud There is also a difference of opinion about his date of birth. According to some of the historians he
Abdullah ibn Sailam was born 53 years before Hijra but according la some others, he was born about 43 year before Hijra,
Abdullah ibn U'mar and this latter view seems to be preferable.
Abu Ayyub Ansari
Abu Hurayerah Bilal (R.A.A.) was brought up at Mecca, in a well known Quraishi tribe called Abu Jamah. During the
Abu Musa Al-Ashari Days of Ignorance, the members of this tribe were thought as experts in palmistry-reading the lines
Amr ibn Al-Jamuh of hands. They also drew out lots with the help of arrows. This tribe had a constant dispute with Banu
Habib ibn Zayd Ansari Abd Manaf because, when there was a conflict between Banu Abd Manaf and Banu Abd Dar, it had
Salim Abi Hudhayfah sided with the latter, The other Muazzins of the Prophet (S.A.W.) – Abu Mahzura and Amr bin Umm
Ubayy Ibn Kab Kulsum -were also brought up in the tribe Abu Jamah. It is difficult to state whether it was a mere
Abu Darr Ghaffari
chance or it was due to melody and harmony of voice.
Ummu Salamah
Salman Farsi
It is not known with authenticity as to who amongst the tribe of Banu Jamah was the master of Bilal
Said ibn Aamir
Rabiah ibn Ka'ab and his father. Some have written that he was the slave of a noble woman of that tribe, while others
Musab ibn Umayr claim that a widow related to Abu Jahl was his mistress. Again, some others have writer that he was
Khubab ibn Al-Aratt the slave of Umaiya bin Khalaf.
Jafar ibn Abi Talib
Hakim ibn Hazm Bilal (R.A.A.) had a natural hatred against the customs and practices prevailing in the Days of
Bilal bin Ribah Ignorance, The people in those days were devoid of good morals, kindness and of other human
values, deceit had become their second nature.

Allah had endowed Bilal with righteous nature and he remained true to it in his whole life. It is,
therefore, held that he readily responded to the call of Allahs Messenger (S.A.A.) when he came out
with the Message of Oneness or Unity of Allah. It is an established fact that Bilal (R.A.A.) had not
embraced Islam with any worldly motive or securing relief from the torments of slave life On the
contrary by accepting Islam, he had invited upon himself torment of double even treble intensity. He
had only one purpose in view and that was to win the favor of Allah. Allah had illuminated his heart
with the light of faith. Hence he endured all kinds of atrocities with remarkable patience and fortitude.
It was in accord with his nature to accept the Truth unreservedly. As soon as he heard the clarion call
for the acceptance of faith in One Allah and the equality of

all human beings issued by the noblest personality of the most respectable family, Banu Hashim, he
at once made an affirmative response. His heart was as clean as Mirror, it was filled with the
sentiments of affection, sincerity, obedience and devotion. The thought crossed his mind like a flash
of lightning that the person who wanted to liquidate class differences in order to put the master and
slave equal, was a man who belongs to the noblest class in Mecca. Yet he was a staunch champion of
the equality of all human being, could not be but the Truthful Messenger and the Prophet of the
Creator. He must have thought that it was impossible for a person, who enjoyed exceeding popularity
in the whole of Mecca and commanded deep respect from the rank and file of Mecca, to risk to the
loss of his popularity and reputation unless this person was the Messenger of the Lord who makes no
discrimination between the high and the low, the rich and The poor, The Arab and the non-Arab.
Those who accepted Islam in the beginning were, except few, generally weak and helpless. They had
no supporters or sympathisers. So the infidels inflicted endless in human tortures on them. Tying
ropes to the legs of the Muslims, they dried them on the stony ground of the desert. They stripped
the poor Muslims need and throwing them on the burning sand and often on red embers, placed
heavy stones on their bodies. They forced them to stand in the blazing sun. Bilal too was tortured like
that, They wanted him to make statement which suited the infidels purpose But he displayed
unflinching self-control, patience and perseverance. They employed all sorts of cruelties to divert Bilal
from the True Faith but could not succeed. There was no form of threat which was not held nut to
him, and there was no form of torture which the infidels did not execute on him, but Bilal (R.A.A.) on
the face of all this, held firm to his faith. In reply to all of their coercion and tortures he said, "There is
none to be worshipped but Allah." Bilals master Umaiya Bin Khalaf was his greatest tormentor. In
spite of all these tortures Bilal would utter, Ahad, Ahad (Allah is One, Allah is One), When the
tormentors demanded of him to respect what they said, Bilal would reply, "No, my tongue is not
supposed to utter what you say."

According to historical records, Bilals master often tied him and threw him down and flung a stone
and cow hide over him and said, "Your gods are Lat and Uzza so testify your faith in them." But he
continued to say "Ahad, Ahad." The infidels tied a rope round his neck and allowed the street urchins
to drag him to and from between the two hills of Mecca. Even, under this severe torment, Bilals
tongue repeated only one word "Ahad, Ahad." Thereupon, the infidels gave him a severe heating and
stretched him on the burning Sand.A heavy stone was placed over his body, still he uttered nothing
save the word "Ahad, Ahad."

One day Abu Bakr Siddiq saw the heart touching plight of Bilal(R.A A.) and he came to his rescue.
"How long will you oppress this poor fellow?" said Abu Bakr to Bilals master and bought him paying
men Uqia (about 23 grams of Gold) to his master. Siddiq then declared Bilal (R.A.A.) a free man. By
enduring all sorts of atrocities and humiliations in the path of love for Allah and His Prophet, Bilal
(R.A.A.) set an example and a beacon light till the end of this world, for the seekers after Truth and
Righteousness. He knew well the consequences of renouncing idol-worship and offering devotion to
One God Allah, yet so deep was the imprint of the righteous life and the unparalleled good morals of
the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) upon his heart that no degree of savage oppression and violence could blot
it out.

Some historian state that when the price for Bilal was being paid, Bilals master increased the price
from 7 Uqias to 9 Uqias and Abu Bakr said to him, "Even if you raise the price to 1000 Uqias, I will
definitely buy him."

It is stated that Siddiq bought Bilal at the advice of Allahs Messenger (S.A.W.) and the Prophet
(S.A.W.) also offered him half of the price in order to mitigate the burden of Siddiq. But Siddiq begged
pardon from the Prophet (S.A.W.) for not accepting this offer and he himself emancipated Bilal. He
then appointed Bilal(R.A.A .) as his own store-keeper. Later on Bilal was made to serve to the
Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.). When the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) granted permission to his companions
to migrate, Bilal, along with the other companions of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.), migrated to Medina.
In Medina Bilal lived in the same house with Abu Bakr Siddiq and Aamir bin-Fahria. In Medina when
the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) established the bond of brotherhood between the Muhajireen (Migrants)
and Ansar (Helpers), Bilal and Abu Rouwaiha (R.A.A.) were brothers unto each other. This clarifies
that Abu Rouwaiha (R.A.A.) was not the blood brother of Bilal (R.A.A.)

As in Mecca, so in Medina, Bilal could not endure separation from the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.).He
always accompanied the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) in all the Holy wars that look place during the Holy
Prophet lifetime. He also remained with the Prophet (S.A.W.) in the course of all journeys he
undertook. It was for this reason that he was appointed the first Muslim of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.).

Bilal (R.A.A.) continued to the post of Muazzin of the Prophets Masjid till the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.)
left this world for his heavenly abode He was preferred over all the Mauzzins during the Prophets
lifetime, the cause of this preference being his precedence in embracing Islam, his rich and melodious
voice and his excellent utterance. When he recited the call of prayer and wished to inform the Prophet
(S.A.W.) that the time for leading prayer had come, he would stand by the door of the Prophets room
and would shout "Hasten to the prayer, Hasten to well-being. O Messenger of Allah, prayer." Hearing
his these words the Prophet would come for leading the prayers. Bilal (R.A.A.) would say Iqama
before the prayers commenced. While going to Salat-el-Eid or Salat-Istisqa (prayer for rain), Bilal
used to walk ahead of the Prophet(S.A.W.) holding a spear and would pitch it on the ground one or
two yards away from the place where the Prophet (S.A.W.) wished to lead the congregation of the
prayer. The spear was one of those three, sent by the King of Abyssinia in homage to the
Prophet(S.A.W.), The Prophet (S.A.W.), gifted one of the three spears to Umar (R.A.A.) and kept the
third one with himself, Thus Bilal had the honor of keeping the Prophets spear throughout his lifetime.

Traditions relate that Bilals marriage had been arranged by the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) himself, It is
stated that the sons of Abul Bukair one day came to the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) and said, "0
Messenger of Allah, find a match for our sister. "The Holy Prophet observe, "Why do you not marry
her to Bilal Hearing this they went back, but after a few days they came again and repeated the same
request, and the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) gave the same reply. Thus after a few days they came third
time with the same request. This time also the Prophet (S.A.W.) giving the same reply added, "Bilal is
an inmate of Paradise; you should marry your sister to him." So, having heard the Prophets advice,
they married their sister to Bilal. Bilal (R.A.A.) took more wives after this marriage. According to
Qatadah he had married a lady of the tribe of Banu Zuhra. It is also recorded that one of his wives
was Hin-ul-Khulania who belonged to Yemen. Bilal has no issue from any of his.

Once Bilal related to his wife a Tradition of the Holy Prophet(S.A.W.) but his wife expressed some
doubts about the authenticity of his report. Bilal in a mood of anger went to the Prophet (S.A.W.) and
recounted his dispute with his wife, The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) went with him to his house and
observed to his wife, "You should take Bilals words for any Tradition of mine, and do not give him
cause for anger."

Bilal(R.A.A.) had given up announcing Azan after the demise of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.). He
cherished such deep love for the Prophet (S.A W.) that he could not bear the thought of announcing
the call after his demise. In fact he used to announce especially for his Master, the Prophet (S.A.W.),
in response to which the Prophet (S.A.W.) would arrive for prayer. During his stay in Medina and
Syria, after the demise of the HoIy Prophet (S.A.W.), people made entreaties to him on several
occasions to call the Azan, but he always declined, except once when Umar (R.A.A.) had visited
Damascus and had requested Bilal to call the Azan. He complied with the request of the Caliph, and
this was his last Call that, he delivered in his lifetime. As soon as the news got around that Bilal would
deliver the Azan for the Dawn prayer, a great excitement was observed among the people . Everyone
rushed towards the mosque with great fondness and in frenzied state of mind As soon as Bilals voice
resounded in the air, it produced a great excitement among the people . They recalled to their
imagination the times when the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) was alive and Bilal used to recite the Azan . It
is recorded in history that the whole congregation in the mosque burst into tears Umar (R.A.A.) and
the bravest of the warriors Islam, who were present there, could not check themselves so all wept.

Some scholars are of the opinion that the present rhythmical form of recital of the Azan in the Muslim
world, is the same as was originated by Bilal. One thing,

however ,must be clarified in this connection. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) had not appointed Bilal as
the Muazzin for his masterly rhythm or melody of the rules but it was his exceeding piety, devotion to
worship and regular attendance in the mosque that the choice of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) fell an
him for the performance of this important duty.

It is reported in the Traditions that the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) paid close attention to the education
and training of Bilal (R.A.A.). Once the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) said, "O Bilal, The best deed that a
believer can perform is to struggle for the cause of Allah. The Prophet (S.A.W.)also taught him
concerning humility " 0 Bilal always live in humility and with contentment and die with those who feel
contented."

The Prophet (S.A.W.),off and on gave him instructions concerning distribution of the surplus wealth
with him i.e. the Prophet (S.A.W.) He would say, "Bilal, a quantity of wealth has accumulated with me
I do not wish to keep it, so take it and give it away to the needy so that my heart may he alleviated
from its burden " Actually the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.) intended to teach Bilal by example how a
man should cultivate the virtue of contentment in life and abstain from wealth. Bilal observed with
great attention all the instructions and precedent of the Holy Prophet and proved to he a true follower
and a devotee of the Prophet (S.A.W.) till the end of his life. He was in constant attendance on the
Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) day and night, because he derived delight from the sight, love and kindness.
He performed the duties of an attendant upon the Holy Prophet in all circumstances, during journeys
and stay in camp, in war and peace, but was never treated like a servant by the Prophet (S.A.W.),
Bilal expressed deep devotion for his master and leader, He could not bear even the slightest
discomfort of the Prophet (S.A.W.) and was alive ready to respond to his masters call. Throughout the
battles he kept running between the Prophets camp and the battlefield, bearing communications ,
orders and instructions from the Prophet (S.A.W.).to the troops when the Prophet (S.A.W.) made a
victorious entry into the city of Mecca and the Prophet(S.A.W.) entered Holy Kaba, there were three
men. accompanying him and one of them was Bilal (R.A.A.), the other two were Usman-bin-Talha ,
the key-bearer of Kaba and Usman bin Zaid (R.A.A.). Bilal performed the duty of reciting the call to
prayer.

He recited the Azan for a few days only after the demise of the Prophet (S.A.W.) and then requested
Abu Bakr Siddiq(R.A.A.) the Caliph to release him of the duty of calling Azan, and grant him leave to
go to Syria with the Mujahideen (soldiers). It is stated that when in the absence of the Holy Prophet
(S.A.W.) he pronounced the name of the Prophet while calling the Azan ,he could not bear the
absence of his master and burst into uncontrollable tears . His audience too, stricken with grief, broke
down. He felt oppressed in Medina without the Prophet, so in spite of being sixty years of age, he
resolved to forsake his peaceful life in Medina and devote rest of his days to holy war in

far-away lands. He then participated in a number of battles. He then went to his small piece of land in
the suburbs of Damascus, which he cultivated and lived on its produce. It is not known how long
Bilal(R.A.A.) remained in the company of Abu Bakr(R.A.A).

After the reign of the first Caliph, Bilal was assigned some state duties, It is recorded in history that
when the second Caliph Umar Bin Khattab (R.A.A.) called upon Khalid-ibn El Waleed - the Sword of
Allah- to explain in connection with some of his alleged irregularities and errors, it was Bilal who took
off Khalids turban from his head and tied his hands with if in open assembly and did not untie him
until Khalid (R.A.A.) had furnished a satisfactory explanation of all the charges made against him.
After this he offered his sincere apology to Khalid(R.A.A.).

There is another episode that reveals the high esteem in which Bilal was held by Umar. It is stated
that one day Abu shufyan-bin-Harb, Suhail- bin-Amr and some other prominent Arab Chiefs came to
the Caliph for an interview. By chance Bilal and Sahib (an ex-slave) also arrived to meet the Caliph,
When Umar learnt of their arrival he called in Bilal and Sohaib at once and the Arab Chiefs, who had
come earlier, stood waiting outside. Abu Sufyan could not restrain himself turning to his companions
he remarked, "It was our fate to endure this disgrace. The slaves are admitted to audience while we
the nobles of Arabia stay at the door,"

Hearing this remark Suhail Bin Amr retorted, "But who is to be blamed for this? The Messenger of
Allah invited us all with one voice but we refuted his call and offered severe resistance to him On the
other hand these slaves came forward "and made a positive response, It is their right now to get
preference over us in this world and the next. We have no cause for complaint,"

During the Caliphate of Umar (R.A.A.), when the registers of salaries and allowances were being
prepared, the Caliph dispatched a letter to Bilal – who was with the army in Syria - asking him to
intimate with whom his name should be entered.

"Enter my name with Abu Rouwaiha whom I shall never abandon on account of the fraternal bond
established by the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) between him and me," replied Bilal (R.A.A.).

Except the episodes mentioned above, history furnishes no further record of his life after the demise
of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.), It is recorded that he had joined the Muslim Army in the Holy War in
Syria. But he had completely dissociated himself from the public life in the closing phase of his life, As
we have stated above, he acquired a piece of land in the outskirts of Damascus and passed his days
in peace and isolation, After this nothing was heard about him but he was seen in public when he
called Azan for the Caliph Umar (R.A.A.) on the request of the eminent companions of the Prophet
(S.A.W.).

It was the year 20 of Hijra when Bilal (R.A.A.) expired in Damascus. He was seventy when he died.
He died of epidemic like plague. It is stated that he was of the same age as was Abu Bakr Siddiq
(R.A.A.). On his deathbed he was very glad at the prospect of meeting his master, the Prophet
(S.A.W.) and his companions who had already gone to the next world. When his wife cried out by his
bedside and began to weep bitterly, he comforted her saying:

"Do not cry. Why do you weep! l am looking forward to see my master, the Prophet (S.A.W.) and
other companions after such a long reparation. If Allah wills I shall meet them all tomorrow." And he
really expired the day after, "Innalillah-e-Wa Inna Ilai-he-Raje-oon."

He was buried in Damascus, near Bab-as-Sagheer. His tomb is even today the favorite resort of
crowds of visitors, People, high and low, come to offer prayers (Fateha) at his grave.
Among the people Bilals credibility was e high that they would rather disbelieve their own eyes Than
cast doubts on Bilals report of any Tradition of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.), because he paid the
greatest regard to truth in all matters concerning the action or precepts of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W,),
as well as in the affairs of others. When Abu Rouwaiha (R.A.A.) his brother-in-Islam, wanted to
contract marriage with a lady of a respectable tribe, he requested Bilal to intercede on his behalf. Bilal
went with him and told in clear terms to the guardians of the bride, "I am Bilal-bin-Ribah and this is
my brother Abu Rouwaiha, who wants to establish matrimonial relation with you. So, I must point out
that he is a very hot-tempered a man. It is up to you to give your daughter in marriage to him or
refuse." Hearing this clear-cut testimony of Bilal the parents of the ady accepted the proposal of Abu
Rouwaiha (R.A.A.), for they could not disregard Bilals recommendation.

Seeing the various aspects of Bilals life we come to the clear conclusion that the most prominent
feature of his life was his complete honesty and integrity. It was on this account that the Holy Prophet
(S.A.W.) had entrusted to Bilal the management of the Baitul Mal (State Treasury). He was also in
charge of the house hold of the Prophet (S.A.W.). He remained close at hand even at the time of the
Prophets departure for heavenly home and was included among the selected few who performed the
funeral rites of the Prophet (S.A.W.). It was Bilal who sprinkled water from a skin-bag over the
sepulchre of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.), and thus, gained the rare privilege of administering the last
funeral rites.

Bilal, because of his sincerity, was an extremist by nature. He loved intensely and hated intensely. He
loved intensely Allah and His Prophet (S.A.W.) and was deeply devoted to Islam, but he was, at the
same time, a staunch foe of the infidels and polytheists, and he never tried to hide his feelings and
contempt for them.

Bilal (R.A.A.) left no legacy in the form of material wealth or offsprings, but he left a spiritual
memorial which is unique in the world, that is Azan. The call to prayer has been recited continuously
in the world, for the last fourteen hundred years of Islam, and as the people hear the call it recalls to
mind the memory of the First Muazzin of Islam, Bilal bin Ribah (Radia Allahu Anhu).

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