# 1. A Carnot engine uses a high temperature reservoir with temperature 800 K and efficiency 40%.

In order to increase the efficiency to 50%, the temperature of the high reservoir must be increased to T1 = 800 K = 40% = 50% T1 = ? Answer :                         

2. Efficiency of Carnot engine that operated with high temperature 400 K is 40 %, if the high temperature increase to 640 K. Calculate the efficiency! = 40% T1 = 400 K T1 = 640 K µ = ? Answer :                  

    3. Look at to a gas P-V graphic below : The ideal gas during A-B process. Gas work during AB process is

On the graph below calculate the work done by machine! Q1= 2100 J T1 = 700K T2 = 400 K W = . Much work is done 1mol of gas if the gas isotermic expansion of 2 liters volume at pressures up 20. An ideal refrigerator using 275 watts of electrical power and be able to remove the heat out of the machine at a rate of 850 joules per second.? Answer :                 6.105 Nm-2 to 20 liters (the gas temperature 270C) is 5.4.? Answer : . determine the temperature outside the refrigerator! W = 275 Watt Q1 = 850 Joule T2 = 370C = 3100K T1 = . If the temperature inside the refrigerator 370C.

             . 10.(R = 8. 7. Heat capacity of 5 mol monoatomic gases in constant volume is .K.31 J/mol.31 J/mol. Gases with internal energy 60 J absorb a heat 90 J from environment. system get work 150 J. If in the same time. the efficiency become Answer :         8. Determine the internal energy at last! U1 = 60 J Q = 90 J W = -150 J U2 = ? Answer : U=Q W U2 U1 = Q W U2 60 = 90 (-150) U2 = 240 + 60 U2 = 300 J 9. A Carnot engine uses a high temperature reservoir with temperature 300 K have efficiency 40%. If R = 8. If the high temperature reservoir have temperature 360 K. so heat capacity of 4 mol nitrogen gases in constant pressure and low temperature is .K) .