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FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY

ICT BELIEFS, ATTITUDES AND COMPETENCIES – COMPILATION OF INSTRUMENTS

1. TAC – TEACHERS’ ATTITUDES TOWARD COMPUTERES QUESTIONNAIRE


2. TEACHERS' ATTITUDES TOWARDS COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY USE QUESTIONNAIRE
3. SURVEY OF TEACHERS’ ATTITUDES TOWARD INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
4. BELIEFS ABOUT TEACHING WITH TECHNOLOGY (BATT) INSTRUMENT
5. BASIC TECHNOLOGY COMPETENCIES FOR EDUCATORS INVENTORY
6. TECHNOLOGY IMPLEMENTATION QUESTIONNAIRE

1. Information taken from http://www.tcet.unt.edu/pubs/studies/survey/tacdesc.htm

Source: Christensen, R. and Knezek, G. (1998). Parallel Forms for Measuring Teacher's Attitudes toward Computers.
Proceedings of SITE 98. Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education: Charlotteville, VA, p 831-832.

TEACHERS' ATTITUDES TOWARD COMPUTERS QUESTIONNAIRE (TAC)

Parallel Forms for Seven Factor Structure

1. Enthusiasm/Enjoyment

2. Anxiety

3. Avoidance

4. E-mail for Classroom Learning

5. Negative Impact on Society

6. Productivity

7. Semantic Perception of Computers (Kay)

TAC Seven Factor Form A


Factor 1 (Enthusiasm/Enjoyment)
S = Strongly Agree; SA = Somewhat Agree; U = Undecided; SD = Somewhat Disagree; D = Strongly Disagree
No. Item S SA U SD D

1. I think that working with computers would be enjoyable and stimulating. 1 2 3 4 5

2. I want to learn a lot about computers. 1 2 3 4 5

3. The challenge of learning about computers is exciting. 1 2 3 4 5

4. Learning about computers is boring to me. 1 2 3 4 5

5. I like learning on a computer. 1 2 3 4 5

6. I enjoy learning how computers are used in our daily lives. 1 2 3 4 5

7. I would like to learn more about computers. 1 2 3 4 5

8. I would like working with computers. 1 2 3 4 5

9. A job using computers would be very interesting. 1 2 3 4 5

10. I enjoy computer work. 1 2 3 4 5


11. I will use a computer as soon as possible. 1 2 3 4 5

12. Figuring out computer problems does not appeal to me. 1 2 3 4 5

13. If given the opportunity, I would like to learn about and use computers 1 2 3 4 5

14. Computers are not exciting. 1 2 3 4 5

15. Computer lessons are a favorite subject for me.


1 2 3 4 5

Factor 2 (Anxiety)
S = Strongly Agree; SA = Somewhat Agree; U = Undecided; SD = Somewhat Disagree; D = Strongly Disagree
No. Item S SA U SD D

1. I get a sinking feeling when I think of trying to use a computer. 1 2 3 4 5

2. Working with a computer makes me feel tense and uncomfortable. 1 2 3 4 5

3. Working with a computer would make me very nervous. 1 2 3 4 5

4. Computers intimidate and threaten me. 1 2 3 4 5

5. Computers frustrate me. 1 2 3 4 5

6. I have a lot of self confidence with it comes to working with computers. 1 2 3 4 5

7. I sometimes get nervous just thinking about computers. 1 2 3 4 5

8. A computer test would scare me. 1 2 3 4 5

9. I feel apprehensive about using a computer terminal. 1 2 3 4 5

10. Computers are difficult to understand. 1 2 3 4 5

11. I feel at ease when I am around computers. 1 2 3 4 5

12. I sometimes feel intimidated when I have to use a computer. 1 2 3 4 5

13. I feel comfortable working with a computer. 1 2 3 4 5

14. Computers are difficult to use. 1 2 3 4 5

15. Computers do not scare me. 4


1 2 3

Factor 3 (Avoidance)
S = Strongly Agree; SA = Somewhat Agree; U = Undecided; SD = Somewhat Disagree; D = Strongly Disagree
No. Item S SA U SD D

1. If I had a computer at my disposal, I would try to get rid of it. 1 2 3 4 5

2. Studying about computers is a waste of time. 1 2 3 4 5

3. I can't think of any way that I will computers in my career. 1 2 3 4 5

4. I will probably never learn to use a computer. 1 2 3 4 5

5. I see the computer as something I will rarely use in my daily life as an adult. 1 2 3 4 5

6. Not many people can use computers. 1 2 3 4 5

Learning to operate computers is like learning any new skill - the more you
7. 1 2 3 4 5
practice, the better you become.
8. Knowing how to use computers is a worthwhile skill. 1 2 3 4 5

9. I do not think that I could handle a computer course. 1 2 3 4 5

10. I would never take a job where I had to work with computers. 1 2 3 4 5

11. If given the opportunity, I would like to learn about and use computers. 1 2 3 4 5

12. You have to be a "brain" to work with computers. 1 2 3 4 5

13. Someday I will have a computer in my home. 1 2 3 4 5

Factor 4 (Email )
S = Strongly Agree; SA = Somewhat Agree; U = Undecided; SD = Somewhat Disagree; D = Strongly Disagree
No. Item S SA U SD D

1. The use of E-mail makes the student feel more involved. 1 2 3 4 5

2. The use of E-mail helps provide a better learning


1 2 3 4 5
experience.

3. The use of E-mail makes the course more interesting. 1 2 3 4 5

4. The use of E-mail helps the student to learn more. 1 2 3 4 5

5. The use of E-mail increases motivation for the course. 1 2 3 4 5

6. More courses should use E-mail to disseminate class


1 2 3 4 5
information and assignments.

7. The use of E-mail creates more interaction between


1 2 3 4 5
students enrolled in the course.

8. The use of E-mail creates more interaction between student


1 2 3 4 5
and instructor.

9. E-mail provides better access to the instructor. 1 2 3 4 5

10. Electronic mail (E-mail) is an effective means of


1 2 3 4 5
disseminating class information and assignments.

11. I prefer E-mail to traditional class handouts as an


1 2 3 4 5
information disseminator.

Factor 5 (Negative Impact on Society)


S = Strongly Agree; SA = Somewhat Agree; U = Undecided; SD = Somewhat Disagree; D = Strongly Disagree
No. Item S SA U SD D

1. Computers are changing the world too rapidly. 1 2 3 4 5

I am afraid that if I begin to use computers I will become dependent upon them
2. 1 2 3 4 5
and lose some of my reasoning skills.

3. Computers dehumanize society by treating everyone as a number. 1 2 3 4 5

4. Our country relies too much on computers. 1 2 3 4 5

5. Computers isolate people by inhibiting normal social interactions among users. 1 2 3 4 5

Use of computers in education almost always reduces the personal treatment of


6. 1 2 3 4 5
students.

7. Computers have the potential to control our lives. 1 2 3 4 5


8. Working with computers makes me feel isolated from other people. 1 2 3 4 5

9. I dislike working with machines that are smarter than I am. 1 2 3 4 5

10. Using a computer prevents me from being creative. 1 2 3 4 5

Working with computers means working on your own, without contact with
11. 1 2 3 4 5
others.
Factor 6 (Productivity)
S = Strongly Agree; SA = Somewhat Agree; U = Undecided; SD = Somewhat Disagree; D = Strongly Disagree
No. Item S SA U SD D

1. Computers would increase my productivity. 1 2 3 4 5

2. Computers would help me learn. 1 2 3 4 5

3. I feel computers are necessary tools in both educational and work settings. 1 2 3 4 5

4. Computers can be a useful instructional aid in almost all subject areas. 1 2 3 4 5

5. Computers improve the overall quality of life. 1 2 3 4 5

6. Knowing how to use computers is a worthwhile skill. 1 2 3 4 5

7. Having a computer available to me would improve my general satisfaction. 1 2 3 4 5

8. Computers will improve education. 1 2 3 4 5

9. Someday I will have a computer in my home. 1 2 3 4 5

10. I will use a computer in my future occupation. 1 2 3 4 5

If I had to use a computer for some reason, it would probably save me some
11. 1 2 3 4 5
time and work.

Computers can be used successfully with courses which demand creative


12. 1 2 3 4 5
activities.

13. Teacher training should include instructional applications of computers. 1 2 3 4 5

14. I'll need a firm mastery of computers for my future work. 1 2 3 4 5

15. I believe that it is important for me to learn how to use a computer. 1 2 3 4 5

Factor 7 - Kay's Semantic

Instructions: Place an 'x' between each adjective pair to indicate how you feel about the object.

Computers are:

1. Unpleasant ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Pleasant

2. Suffocating ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Fresh

3. Dull ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Exciting

4. Unlikable ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Likable

5. Uncomfortable ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Comfortable

6. Bad ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Good


7. Unhappy ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Happy

8. Tense ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Calm

9. Empty ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Full

10. Artificial ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ Natural

________________________________________________________________________________________________

2. TEACHERS' ATTITUDES TOWARDS COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY USE QUESTIONNAIRE

Taken from a thesis done for the Institute of Economics and Social Sciences of Bilkent University By ERKAN İSMAİL
ARKIN, June 2003 at http://www.thesis.bilkent.edu.tr/0002298.pdf

GENERAL ATTITUDES

This section is to find out about your general attitudes towards computers in general, and towards using computer
technology in language instruction.

1. What do you use computers for? Please tick (9) the appropriate option(s), and also indicate your frequency of use
(e.g., _9_ electronic mail [ 1 2 3 ]).

1= rarely 2= sometimes 3= often

__ electronic mail [ 1 2 3 ] __ chat rooms [ 1 2 3 ]

__ games [ 1 2 3 ] __ surfing the Internet [ 1 2 3 ]

__ online shopping [ 1 2 3 ] __ entertainment [ 1 2 3 ]

__ materials design [ 1 2 3 ] __ web page design [ 1 2 3 ]

__ typing and maintaining lesson plans [ 1 2 3 ]

__ office work: student records, administrative __ assigning and checking

reports (e.g., word, excel) [ 1 2 3 ] homework via e-mail [ 1 2 3 ]

__ other ……………………………………………………………………………………………

2. How often do you use computers? Please tick (9) the appropriate option.

[ ] less than once a week [ ] 1-2 times a week

[ ] 3-4 times a week [ ] 5 or more times a week

For the following items, please circle the answer that best shows your opinion.

1= strongly disagree 2= disagree 3= undecided 4= agree 5= strongly agree

3. I like using computers. 1 2 3 4 5

4. I generally have positive attitudes towards computers. 1 2 3 4 5

5. Using computers makes me more efficient in my life. 1 2 3 4 5

6. Using computers makes me more efficient at my work. 1 2 3 4 5

7. Using computers generally makes completing tasks easier. 1 2 3 4 5

8. I like searching the Internet for general interest. 1 2 3 4 5

9. I perceive computers as pedagogical tools. 1 2 3 4 5


10. I generally have positive attitudes towards using computer technology in teaching. 1 2 3 4 5

11. I like using computers for teaching purposes. 1 2 3 4 5

12. I like searching the internet for teaching resources. 1 2 3 4 5

13. Computers can be a good supplement to support teaching and learning. 1 2 3 4 5

14. I believe I can take risks in teaching with computer technology. 1 2 3 4 5

15. If I have time, I would like to try out instructional computer technology innovations in my teaching.
1 2 3 4 5

16. If I have access to resources, I would like to try out instructional computer technology innovations in my teaching.
1 2 3 4 5

17. If I have training, I would like to try out instructional computer technology innovations in my teaching.
1 2 3 4 5

18. I am not the type to do well with computerized teaching tools. 1 2 3 4 5

19. I am not prepared to integrate instructional computer technology in my teaching. 1 2 3 4 5

If you have indicated that you have taken the CCTD, please respond to the items below. 1 2 3 4 5

20. The CCTD has been useful for changing my attitudes towards computers. 1 2 3 4 5

21. The CCTD has been useful for integrating instructional computer technology resources into my teaching.
1 2 3 4 5

________________________________________________________________________________________________

Taken from http://www.tcet.unt.edu/research/survey/tat32a.pdf

3. SURVEY OF TEACHERS’ ATTITUDES TOWARD INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

Gerald Knezek & Rhonda Christensen, Texas Center for Educational Technology // University of North Texas

Background Information

1. How long have you been teaching?

_____ 0-1 years _____ 2-5 years _____ 6-10 years

_____ 11-15 years _____ 15+ years

2. How would you rate your experience with computers? (Check all that apply)

_____ I have never used a computer and I don’t plan to anytime soon.

_____ I have never used a computer but I would like to learn.

_____ I use applications like word processing, spreadsheets, etc.

_____ I use computers for instruction in the classroom.

How often?

_____ Daily

_____ Weekly

_____ Occasionally

3. Currently I use the computer approximately ______ hours per week in the classroom.

4. At the beginning of this school year, I used the computer approximately _____ hours per week
in the classroom.

5. If you do use computers, what type of training have you received? (Check all that apply).

_____ No training

_____ Basic Computer Literacy (on/off operations, how to run programs)

_____ Computer applications (word processing, spreadsheets)

_____ Computer integration (how to use in classroom curriculum)

Total days of integration training: _____

6. Where did you receive your training? (Rank order all that apply).

_____ Self-taught

_____ School district

_____ College or university

_____ Other- please specify _______________________________________________

7. Number of years since your first computer training: _____

8. Do you have access at home to: a computer? ___ Yes ___ No

the World Wide Web (WWW)? ___ Yes ___ No

9. Gender: ___ M___ F

10. Age: ___ 18-25 ___ 26-30 ___ 31-35 ___ 36-40 ___ 41-45 ___ 46+Instructions: Please read each statement and
then circle the number which best shows how you

feel.

SD = Strongly Disagree D = Disagree U = Undecided A = Agree SA = Strongly Agree

SD D U A SA

1. I enjoy doing things on a computer. (1) 1 2 3 4 5

2. I am tired of using a computer. (2) 1 2 3 4 5

3. I will be able to get a good job if I learn how to use a computer. (3) 1 2 3 4 5

4. I concentrate on a computer when I use one. (4) 1 2 3 4 5

5. I enjoy computer games very much. (5) 1 2 3 4 5

6. I would work harder if I could use computers more often. (6) 1 2 3 4 5

7. I think that it takes a long time to finish when I use a computer. (7) 1 2 3 4 5

8. I know that computers give me opportunities to learn many new things. (8) 1 2 3 4 5

9. I can learn many things when I use a computer. (9) 1 2 3 4 5

10. I enjoy lessons on the computer. (10) 1 2 3 4 5

11. I believe that it is very important for me to learn how to use a computer. (12) 1 2 3 4 5

12. I think that computers are very easy to use. (13) 1 2 3 4 5

13. I feel comfortable working with a computer. (15) 1 2 3 4 5


14. I get a sinking feeling when I think of trying to use a computer. (16) 1 2 3 4 5

15. Working with a computer makes me nervous. (17) 1 2 3 4 5

16. Using a computer is very frustrating. (18) 1 2 3 4 5

17. I will do as little work with computers as possible. (19) 1 2 3 4 5

18. Computers are difficult to use. (20) 1 2 3 4 5

19. Computers do not scare me at all. (21) 1 2 3 4 5

20. I can learn more from books than from a computer. (22) 1 2 3 4 5

Part 1Instructions: Place an 'x' between each adjective pair to indicate how you feel about the object.

Computers are:

21. Unlikable _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ Likable (41)

22. Unhappy _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ Happy (42)

23. Bad _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ Good (43)

24. Unpleasant _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ Pleasant (44)

25. Tense _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ Calm (45)

26. Uncomfortable _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ Comfortable (46)

27. Artificial _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ Natural (47)

28. Empty _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ Full (48)

29. Dull _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ Exciting (49)

30. Suffocating _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ Fresh (50)

Instructions: Please read each statement and circle the number that best describes how you feel

about that statement.

1 = Strongly Disagree (SD)

2 = Disagree (D)

3 = Undecided (U)

4 = Agree (A)

5 = Strongly Agree (SA)

SD D U A SA

31. Computers do not scare me at all. (51) 1 2 3 4 5

32. I would like working with computers. (53) 1 2 3 4 5

33. Figuring out computer problems does not appeal to me. (65) 1 2 3 4 5

34. I’ll need a firm mastery of computers for my future work. (66) 1 2 3 4 5

35. I don’t understand how some people can spend so much time working with computers and seem to enjoy it. (73) 1 2
3 45

36. I can’t think of any way that I will use computers in my career. (74) 1 2 3 4 5
37. I do not think I could handle a computer course. (84) 1 2 3 4 5

38. I have a lot of self-confidence when it comes to working with computers. (88) 1 2 3 4 5

Part 2 Part 3SD D U A SA

39. Knowing how to use computers is a worthwhile skill. (94) 1 2 3 4 5

40. A job using computers would be very interesting. (101) 1 2 3 4 5

41. Computer lessons are a favorite subject for me. (102) 1 2 3 4 5

42. I want to learn a lot about computers. (103) 1 2 3 4 5

43. A computer test would scare me. (112) 1 2 3 4 5

44. I see the computer as something I will rarely use in my daily life as an adult. (123) 1 2 3 4 5

45. Computers have the potential to control our lives. (134) 1 2 3 4 5

46. Our country relies too much on computers. (135) 1 2 3 4 5

47. I will use a computer in my future occupation. (137) 1 2 3 4 5

48. Computers dehumanize society by treating everyone as a number. (138) 1 2 3 4 5

49. I feel apprehensive about using a computer. (141) 1 2 3 4 5

50. Computers are changing the world too rapidly. (142) 1 2 3 4 5

51. Computers isolate people by inhibiting normal social interactions among users. (144) 1 2 3 4 5

52. If I had to use a computer for some reason, it would probably save me some time and work. (147) 1 2 3 4 5

53. Having a computer available to me would improve my general satisfaction. (149) 1 2 3 4 5

54. If I had a computer at my disposal, I would try to get rid of it. (150) 1 2 3 4 5

55. I sometimes get nervous just thinking about computers. (153) 1 2 3 4 5

56. I will probably never learn to use a computer. (154) 1 2 3 4 5

57. I sometimes feel intimidated when I have to use a computer. (157) 1 2 3 4 5

58. Computers will improve education. (162) 1 2 3 4 5

59. If there was a computer in my classroom it would help me to be a better teacher. (163) 1 2 3 4 5

60. Someday I will have a computer in my home. (164) 1 2 3 4 5

61. Computers could enhance remedial instruction. (168) 1 2 3 4 5

62. Computers can be used successfully with courses which demand creative activities. (170) 1 2 3 4 5

Part 4 Part 6 Part 5 Part 6SD D U A SA

63. Computers can be a useful instructional aid in almost all subject areas. (175) 1 2 3 4 5

64. Use of computers in education almost always reduces the personal treatment of students. (176) 1 2 3 4 5

65. I feel at ease when I am around computers. (177) 1 2 3 4 5

66. Learning about computers is boring to me. (180) 1 2 3 4 5

67. I like learning on a computer. (181) 1 2 3 4 5

68. Working with a computer would make me very nervous. (182) 1 2 3 4 5


69. I think working with computers would be enjoyable and stimulating. (186) 1 2 3 4 5

70. Computers are not exciting. (191) 1 2 3 4 5

71. Studying about computers is a waste of time. (192) 1 2 3 4 5

72. I enjoy learning how computers are used in our daily lives. (195) 1 2 3 4 5

73. Computers would increase my productivity. (202) 1 2 3 4 5

74. Computers would help me learn. (204) 1 2 3 4 5

75. Computers improve the overall quality of life. (207) 1 2 3 4 5

76. The challenge of learning about computers is exciting. (211) 1 2 3 4 5

77. Learning to operate computers is like learning any new skill - the more you practice, the better you become. (214) 1
23 45

78. I am afraid that if I begin to use computers I will become dependent upon them and lose some of my reasoning
Skills. (215) 1 2 3 4 5

79. I dislike working with machines that are smarter than I am.(218) 1 2 3 4 5

80. If given the opportunity, I would like to learn about and use computers. (224) 1 2 3 4 5

81. I feel computers are necessary tools in both educational and work settings. (226) 1 2 3 4 5

82. Computers intimidate and threaten me. (227) 1 2 3 4 5

83. Working with a computer makes me feel tense and uncomfortable. (230) 1 2 3 4 5

84. Computers are difficult to understand. (231) 1 2 3 4 5

Part 7SD D U A SA

85. Working with computers makes me feel isolated from other people. (241) 1 2 3 4 5

86. I would like to learn more about computers. (249) 1 2 3 4 5

87. Working with computers means working on your own, without contact with others. (251) 1 2 3 4 5

88. Using a computer prevents me from being creative. (257) 1 2 3 4 5

89. You have to be a “brain” to work with computers. (261) 1 2 3 4 5

90. Not many people can use computers. (262) 1 2 3 4 5

91. I get a sinking feeling when I think of trying to use a computer. (263) 1 2 3 4 5

92. Computers frustrate me. (264) 1 2 3 4 5

93. I will use a computer as soon as possible. (266) 1 2 3 4 5

94. I enjoy computer work. (270) 1 2 3 4 5

95. I would never take a job where I had to work with computers. (272) 1 2 3 4 5

96. Electronic mail (E-mail) is an effective means of disseminating class information and assignments. (274) 1 2 3 4 5

97. I prefer E-mail to traditional class handouts as an information disseminator. (275) 1 2 3 4 5

98. More courses should use E-mail to disseminate class information and assignments. (276) 1 2 3 4 5

99. E-mail provides better access to the instructor. (277) 1 2 3 4 5

100. The use of E-mail creates more interaction:


a) between students enrolled in the course (278) 1 2 3 4 5

b) between student and instructor (279) 1 2 3 4 5

101. The use of E-mail increases motivation for the course. (280) 1 2 3 4 5

102. The use of E-mail makes the course more interesting. (281) 1 2 3 4 5

103. The use of E-mail makes the student feel more involved. (282) 1 2 3 4 5

104. The use of E-mail helps the student to learn more. (283) 1 2 3 4 5

105. The use of E-mail helps provide a better learning experience. (284) 1 2 3 4 5

Part 8Instructions: Place an 'x' between each adjective pair to indicate how you feel about the object.

To me, electronic mail is:

1. important _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ unimportant (1)

2. boring _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ interesting (2)

3. relevant _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ irrelevant (3)

4. exciting _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ unexciting (4)

5. means nothing _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ means a lot (5)

6. appealing _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ unappealing (6)

7. fascinating _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ mundane (7)

8. worthless _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ valuable (8)

9. involving _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ uninvolving (9)

10. not needed _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ needed (10)

To me, using the World-Wide Web is:

1. important _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ unimportant (21)

2. boring _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ interesting (22)

3. relevant _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ irrelevant (23)

4. exciting _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ unexciting (24)

5. means nothing _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ means a lot (25)

6. appealing _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ unappealing (26)

7. fascinating _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ mundane (27)

8. worthless _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ valuable (28)

9. involving _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ uninvolving (29)

10. not needed _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ needed (30)

Part 9Instructions: Place an 'x' between each adjective pair to indicate how you feel about the object.

To me, multimedia is:

1. important _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ unimportant (41)

2. boring _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ interesting (42)
3. relevant _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ irrelevant (43)

4. exciting _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ unexciting (44)

5. means nothing _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ means a lot (45)

6. appealing _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ unappealing (46)

7. fascinating _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ mundane (47)

8. worthless _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ valuable (48)

9. involving _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ uninvolving (49)

10. not needed _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ needed (50)

To me, using computers for my professional productivity is:

1. important _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ unimportant (61)

2. boring _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ interesting (62)

3. relevant _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ irrelevant (63)

4. exciting _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ unexciting (64)

5. means nothing _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ means a lot (65)

6. appealing _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ unappealing (66)

7. fascinating _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ mundane (67)

8. worthless _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ valuable (68)

9. involving _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ uninvolving (69)

10. not needed _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ needed (70)

Instructions: Place an 'x' between each adjective pair to indicate how you feel about the object.

For my students, using computers in the classroom is:

1. important _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ unimportant (71)

2. boring _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ interesting (72)

3. relevant _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ irrelevant (73)

4. exciting _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ unexciting (74)

5. means nothing _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ means a lot (75)

6. appealing _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ unappealing (76)

7. fascinating _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ mundane (77)

8. worthless _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ valuable (78)

9. involving _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ uninvolving (79)

10. not needed _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ needed (80)

(End)

Thank you!

TAT Ver 3.2a 2/98


________________________________________________________________________________________________

4. BELIEFS ABOUT TEACHING WITH TECHNOLOGY (BATT) INSTRUMENT

Taken from http://www.tcet.unt.edu/insight/ilib/batt/


UNIVERSITY OF NORTH TEXAS - INSIGHT - The SouthCentral Instrument - Library and data repository.
The following factors would enable me to be an effective teacher.

Suppose your goal is to effectively use technology in your classroom. Listed below are a number of school
environmental support factors that may have an impact on this goal. Please indicate the degree to which you believe
each factor will enable you to effectively use technology.

Strongly Disagree Disagree Neither Disagree nor Agree Agree Strongly Agree

Resources (funding, equipment, etc.)

Professional development opportunities on using technology

Access to the Internet

Quality software

Physical classroom structures (electrical outlets, movable tables, circuit breakers, space, etc.)

Support from school administrators

Support from parents

Support from other teachers

Technical support (technician)

Time to plan for technology implementation

Time to let students use technology

Smaller class sizes

Mobile equipment (laptops, etc.)

Proper connections (computer to projector, etc.)

How likely is it that these factors will occur in your school?

Please indicate the likelihood that these factors will occur (or be available to you).

Strongly Disagree Disagree Neither Disagree nor Agree Agree Strongly Agree

Resources (funding, equipment, etc.)

Professional development opportunities on using technology

Access to the Internet

Quality software

Physical classroom structures (electrical outlets, movable tables, circuit breakers, space, etc.)

Support from school administrators

Support from parents

Support from other teachers

Technical support (technician)


Time to plan for technology implementation

Time to let students use technology

Smaller class sizes

Mobile equipment (laptops, etc.)

Proper connections (computer to projector, etc.)

________________________________________________________________________________________________

5. BASIC TECHNOLOGY COMPETENCIES FOR EDUCATORS INVENTORY


UNIVERSITY OF NORTH TEXAS - INSIGHT - The SouthCentral Instrument - Library and data repository.
Taken from http://www.tcet.unt.edu/insight/ilib/btcei/

This survey establishes baseline data about technology skills. Individual respondents will not be identified and
individual responses will remain confidential. Please rank each statement on the scale indicated. Thank you for your
valuable time and input.

Basic Computer Operations Skills

Please rank the following statements from "Not Competent" to "Very Competent"

Not Competent Somewhat Competent Competent Very Competent

Insert and eject floppy diskette

Store files in a folder or subdirectory

Access information on CD-ROM, floppy drive, and hard drive

Create and delete folders or subdirectories

Overall rating of basic computer operation skills

Create, edit, and print various types of documents

Setup, Maintenance, and Troubleshooting of Equipment

Please rank the following statements from "Not Competent" to "Very Competent"

Not Competent Somewhat Competent Competent Very Competent

Protection of floppy diskettes

Virus protection

Connecting peripheral devices

Managing memory

Overall rating of ability to setup, maintain, and troubleshoot equipment

Word Processing

Please rank the following statements from "Not Competent" to "Very Competent"

Not Competent Somewhat Competent Competent Very Competent

Set margins
Change font size and type

Cut, copy, and paste in and between documents

Insert files, graphics, and tables in a document

Overall rating of word processing ability

Spreadsheets

Please rank the following statements from "Not Competent" to "Very Competent"

Not Competent Somewhat Competent Competent Very Competent

Enter data in cells

Move data within spreadsheet

Use formulas

Create charts

Overall rating of spreadsheet management ability

Databases

Please rank the following statements from "Not Competent" to "Very Competent"

Not Competent Somewhat Competent Competent Very Competent

Enter data in a database

Sort and search in a database

Produce a report in a database

Queries using AND and OR

Overall rating of competencies using a database

Networking

Please rank the following statements from "Not Competent" to "Very Competent"

Not Competent Somewhat Competent Competent Very Competent

Logging on a network

Working in a network environment

Electronic file sharing

Knowledge of advantages of a server

Overall rating of networking skills

Telecommunications

Please rank the following statements from "Not Competent" to "Very Competent"
Not Competent Somewhat Competent Competent Very Competent

Send and receive e-mail

Navigate the World Wide Web

Subscribe to a list-serve

Develop programs using an authoring system or language

Overall rating of telecommunications

Media Communication

Please rank the following statements from "Not Competent" to "Very Competent"

Not Competent Somewhat Competent Competent Very Competent

Use an overhead projector

Develop an electronic slide show

Develop an interactive electronic slide show

Develop a presentation using graphics and sound

Overall rating of media communication skills

Social, Legal, and Ethical Issues

Please rank the following statements from "Not Competent" to "Very Competent"

Not Competent Somewhat Competent Competent Very Competent

Knowledge of copyright issues

Knowledge concerning shareware

Knowledge of software piracy

Knowledge of intellectual property rights

Overall rating of social, legal, and ethical issues

________________________________________________________________________________________________

6. TECHNOLOGY IMPLEMENTATION QUESTIONNAIRE

Taken from Journal of Technology and Teacher Education (2006) 14(1), 173-207 at
http://doe.concordia.ca/cslp/cslp_cms/sites/all/themes/jframe/downloads/PDF/wozneyetaljtte141.pdf

Implementing Computer Technologies: Teachers’ Perceptions and Practices

LORI WOZNEY, VIVEK VENKATESH, AND PHILIP C. ABRAMI

Copies of English and French versions of the questionnaire are available at:
http://doe.concordia.ca/cslp/Downloads/PDF/TIQ-QV17.pdf and

http://doe.concordia.ca/cslp/Downloads/PDF/TIQF.PDF respectively.

INSTRUCTIONS
This questionnaire has five sections and consists of four printed pages. Please mark ALL your answers on the
accompanying Answer Sheet. Circle the most appropriate response when answering the closed-ended questions.

Space is provided to record your comments to the open-ended questions. After you have completed your responses,
please return both the questionnaire and the answer sheet to your facilitator.

SECTION I- Your Professional Views on Computer Technology

Using the scale provided, please rate the extent to which you agree or disagree with the following statements regarding
the use of computer technology in the classroom:

Strongly

Disagree

Moderately

Disagree

Slightly

Disagree

Slightly

Agree

Moderately

Agree

Strongly

Agree

A B C D E F 202 Wozney, Venkatesh, and Abrami

The use of computer technology in the classroom…

1. Increases academic achievement (e.g. grades).

2. Results in students neglecting important traditional learning resources (e.g., library books).

3. Is effective because I believe I can implement it successfully.

4. Promotes student collaboration.

5. Makes classroom management more difficult.

6. Promotes the development of communication skills (e.g., writing and presentation skills).

7. Is a valuable instructional tool.

8. Is too costly in terms of resources, time and effort.

9. Is successful only if teachers have access to a computer at home.

10. Makes teachers feel more competent as educators.

11. Is successful only if there is adequate teacher training in the uses of technology for learning.

12. Gives teachers the opportunity to be learning facilitators instead of information providers.

13. Is successful only if computers are regularly maintained by technical staff.

14. Demands that too much time be spent on technical problems.


15. Is successful only if there is the support of parents.

16. Is an effective tool for students of all abilities.

17. Is unnecessary because students will learn computer skills on their own, outside of school.

18. Enhances my professional development.

19. Eases the pressure on me as a teacher.

20. Is effective if teachers participate in the selection of computer technologies to be integrated.

21. Helps accommodate students’ personal learning styles.

22. Motivates students to get more involved in learning activities.

23. Could reduce the number of teachers employed in the future.

24. Limits my choices of instructional materials.

25. Requires software-skills training that is too time consuming.

26. Promotes the development of students’ interpersonal skills (e.g., ability to relate or work with others).

27. Will increase the amount of stress and anxiety students experience.

28. Is effective only when extensive computer resources are available.

29. Is difficult because some students know more about computers than many teachers do.Implementing Computer
Technologies 203

30. Is only successful if computer technology is part of the students’ home environment.

31. Requires extra time to plan learning activities.

32. Improves student learning of critical concepts and ideas.

33. Becomes more important to me if the student does not have access to a computer at home.

SECTION II - Your Background, Your Teaching Style and Resources

Available to You

34. Gender: A. Female B. Male

35. Years of teaching completed (If this is your first year, indicate ‘0’on the answer sheet. If last year was your first,
indicate ‘1’, and so on.)

36. Current teaching position (If you teach in more than one subject area, choose the one that dominates your teaching
schedule.)

37. Preferred teaching methodology (choose only one)

A. Largely teacher-directed (e.g., teacher-led discussion, lecture)

B. More teacher-directed than student-centered

C. Even balance between teacher-directed and student-centered activities

D. More student-centered than teacher-directed

E. Largely student-centered (e.g., cooperative learning, discovery learning)

38. Average class size that you teach (please provide a whole number and not a range)
For questions 39 and 40, use the following scale to rate your responses

Elementary:

A. Pre-K or Kindergarten

B. Cycle 1, grades 1 and 2

C. Cycle 2, grades 3 and 4

D. Cycle 3, grades 5 and 6

E. Other (e.g., Music, Phys. Ed.,

Science, Resource)

Secondary:

F. Mathematics, Science, or Computer technology

G. Language arts, Second language, MRE, Social Science

H. Special Education or Resource

I. Other (e.g., Creative arts, Phys. Ed., Vocational)

Extremely

Poor Poor Acceptable Good Very Good Excellent

A B C D E F 204 Wozney, Venkatesh, and Abrami

39. How would you rate student access to computer technology at your school?

40. How would you rate teacher access to computer resource personnel in your school?

SECTION III –Your Experience with Computer Technologies

41. Please indicate how often you integrate computer technologies in your teaching activities.

42. On average, how many hours per week do you spend using a computer for personal use outside of teaching
activities?

43. Please read the following descriptions of the proficiency levels a user has in relation to computer technologies.
Determine the level that best describes you and circle the corresponding letter on your answer sheet.

A. Unfamiliar

I have no experience with computer technologies.

B. Newcomer

I have attempted to use computer technologies, but I still require help on a regular basis.

C. Beginner

I am able to perform basic functions in a limited number of computer applications.

D. Average

I demonstrate a general competency in a number of computer applications.

A. Not at all

B. Rarely
C. Occasionally

D. Frequently

E. Almost Always

F. All the Time

A. None

B. Less than 1 hr

C. 1 hour or more, but less than 3 hours

D. 3 hours or more, but less than 5 hours

E. 5 hours or more, but less than 10 hours

F. 10 hours or more Implementing Computer Technologies 205

E. Advanced

I have acquired the ability to competently use a broad spectrum of computer technologies

F. Expert

I am extremely proficient in using a wide variety of computer technologies.

SECTION IV - Your Process of Integration

For Items 44 to 53:

Please indicate how frequently computer technologies are integrated into your teaching activities for each of the uses
listed below. Circle the appropriate response on your answer sheet.

44. Instructional (e.g., drill, practice, tutorials, remediation)

45. Communicative (e.g., e-mail, ICQ, computer conferencing, LCD projector)

46. Organizational (e.g., data base, spreadsheets, record keeping, lesson plans)

47. Analytical/Programming (e.g., statistics, charting, graphing, drafting, robotics)

48. Recreational (e.g., games)

49. Expansive (e.g., simulations, experiments, exploratory environments, brainstorming)

50. Creative (e.g., desktop publishing, digital video, digital camera, scanners, graphics)

51. Expressive (e.g., word processing, on-line journal)

52. Evaluative (e.g., assignments, portfolio, testing)

53. Informative (e.g., Internet, CD-ROM)

54. Total amount of inservice training you have received to date on using

computer technology in the classroom:

A. None

B. A full day or less

Never
Practically

Never

Once in a

While

Fairly

Often

Very

Often

Almost

Always

A B C D E F 206 Wozney, Venkatesh, and Abrami

C. More than a full day and less than a one-semester course

D. A one-semester course

E. More than a one-semester course

55. Please read the descriptions of each of the six stages related to the process of integrating computer technology in
teaching activities. Choose the stage that best describes where you are in the process and circle the corresponding letter
on your answer sheet.

A. Awareness

I am aware that technology exists, but have not used it – perhaps I’m even avoiding it. I am anxious about the prospect
of using computers.

B. Learning

I am currently trying to learn the basics. I am sometimes frustrated using computers and I lack confidence when using
them.

C. Understanding

I am beginning to understand the process of using technology and can think of specific tasks in which it might be
useful.

D. Familiarity

I am gaining a sense of self -confidence in using the computer for specific tasks. I am starting to feel comfortable using
the computer.

E. Adaptation

I think about the computer as an instructional tool to help me and I am no longer concerned about it as technology. I can
use many

different computer applications.

F. Creative Application

I can apply what I know about technology in the classroom. I am able to use it as an instructional aid and have
integrated computers into the curriculum.

SECTION V– Additional Comments


A. Suppose your school administration annually made additional resources available (example: release time) for
improving computer-Implementing Computer Technologies 207

based instruction. In your opinion, what kinds of resources

should they provide? How would you like to see these resources

used in order to improve your instructional use of computers?

B. Please describe the ideal use, if any, of computer technology in the classroom.

Thank you very much for your participation in our study