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Country Presentation

Pakistan
Presented by
DR KHALIDA AKHTAR GILL
Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission
WiN Global 2008, Marseille, France.
Nuclear Power plants

Pakistan is the home to three Nuclear Power Plants:

‹ Karachi Nuclear Power Plant KANUPP


‹ Chashma Nuclear Power Plant CHASHNUPP I
‹ Chashma Nuclear Power Plant CHASHNUPP 2
KANUPP
• KANUPP Karachi Nuclear Power Plant
is located at Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.

• KANUPP is a single unit CANDU PHWR


with a total gross capacity of 137 MW.
KANUPP…contd…
‹ The 137-MWe (CANDU PHWR) Karachi
Nuclear Power Plant (KANUPP) was
commissioned earlier in 1972, supplied
and built by Canada.
‹ It has completed its design life of 30 years
and is undergoing indigenous
refurbishment to enhance safety
‹ Extend its life for another 10-15 years.
CHASHNUPP I

‹ CHASNUPP-1 Chashma Nuclear Power


Plant I is located at Kundian, Punjab,
Pakistan.

‹ It forms part of the Chashma Nuclear


Power Complex.
CHASHMA NUCLEAR
POWER PLANT
Unit-1
CHASNUPP-1 contd…
‹ The CHASNUPP-1 is a single-unit.

‹ It was made operational in year 2000.

‹ The 325-MWe PWR, supplied and


constructed by China.
CHASNUPP-1 contd..
‹ It
has so for undergone four refueling
outages.

‹ Its average capacity and availability factor


for year 2004-05 were 93 % and 96.4 %
respectively.
CHASNUPP-2

‹ Thesite is situated next to Chashma


Nuclear Power Plant Unit-1.

‹ TheCHASNUPP-2 will be a single-unit


plant.
CHASHNUPP-2 contd…

‹ The corresponding gross electric output


of the turbine generator is 325 MWe

‹ It
is under construction, commercial
operation expected ~ 2011
PAKISTAN CURRENT NUCLEAR
POWER PROGRAM

‹ ALL Nuclear Power Plants and fuel Cycle


facilities operated by Pakistan Atomic
Energy Commission (PAEC).
‹ Pakistan nuclear safety issues regulated by
Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority
(PNRA).
Contd
‹ AllNuclear Power Plants are under IAEA
Safeguards.

‹ Pakistan is member of CANDU Operators


Group (COG), and of World Association of
Nuclear (Plant) Operators) (WANO).
Contd
‹ The government of Pakistan has chalked
out a comprehensive plan to expand power
generation to meet the demands of the
country’s rapidly growing economy.
‹ Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission has
been given the task of increasing nuclear
power generation in accordance with the
country’s energy security plan.
TECHNICAL FACILITIES for Production of
Radioisotopes

¾ New facility for the production of Molybdenum-99

¾ Facility (dry distillation) for the production of Iodine-131

¾ Facility (wet distillation) for the production of Iodine-


131

¾ Facility for the production of Iodine-131 capsules

¾ Clean laboratory for the production of 99mTc

Generators

¾ Facility for the production of 32P


Radiopharmaceuticals Supplied
Iodine-131 Production Laboratory
Radiopharmaceuticals are supplied to 13 NMC & 14 other
Hospitals

1 Sodium Iodide (131I)

2 Sodium Phosphate (32P)

3 Meta Iodobenzyl Guanidine (131I)

4 Sodium chromate (51Cr)

5 Chromic Chloride(51Cr)

6 Chromium EDTA Complex (51Cr)

7 [EDTMP] (153Sm)
(Ethylenediamine-tetramethylene Phosphonate)
Radiopharmaceuticals Cold Kits

• DTPA Renal imaging


• DMSA Renal static imaging
• DISIDA Hepatobiliary imaging
• MIBI Heart imaging
• MAG3 Renography
• ECD Cerebral blood flow
• HMPAO Cerebral blood flow
• Gluconate Renal static imaging
• Tin colloid Liver imaging
• Phytate Liver imaging
• MDP Bone scanning
• P.phosphate RBC labelling
• Tin fluoride WBC labelling
Needs
ƒ Pakistan has acute shortage of energy i.e.
electricity and fuel.
ƒ Thermal power is very expensive and
hydropower is not possible because of
nuclear energy to look after growing
energy needs of country.
ƒ Pakistan needs nuclear energy in the field
of medical, biology and agriculture needs
to irradiate disease and increase in
agricultural production by irradiation of
seeds and other methods.
Education
‹ Extensive research is needed to find out
necessity of nuclear energy in common transport
like nuclear submarine and launching of satellite
trough nuclear energy.
‹ Pakistan ha very limited facility for importing
nuclear education.
‹ Facility of nuclear education is the need of the
day and it should be set up at all universities
Training

‹ Trainingfacility is available in PEACE


but should concentrate on
establishing good Institutes through
out Pakistan.
WiN Pakistan

‹ Itis a recent phenomenon in Pakistan.


‹ Awareness increased after the WiN
Canada. meeting where sponsorship to
participate was kindly sponsored by
Canada.
‹ Currently there are 70 members registered
with Win Global.
General Activities

‹ This is being done by the IAEA sponsored


Regional Training Courses, Seminars and
Conferences in Pakistan.
‹ A number of activities are in progress for
awareness creation in general public and
end users about the safety of the nuclear
techniques as well as advantages
‹ Women are playing a very proactive
WIN Pakistan Future
‹ Need to organize WiN Pakistan as number
of participants are increasing.
‹ Make conscious effort to involve more
women.
‹ Organize the WiN Pakistan structure

‹ Develop structure and formalize an


agenda.
‹ We hope to do it in near future.
Acknowledgements
‹ WiN Global

‹ WiN France

‹ Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission


THANKS