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# Guruh Narendra Sukmana

## Tugas 2 Struktur Beton II

1621156 / B
Diketahui :
Circular
D = 456 mm
Ds = 0.75h
= 342 mm
Ag = π/4 (D^2)

fc' = 26 MPa
fy = 465 MPa
ԑcu = 0.003
b = 550 mm
h = 550 mm
d' = 65 mm
Ast = 804 mm²
ρt = 2.5 %

Inisialisasi
Es = 200000 MPa
ԑy = fy/Es
ԑy = 465/200000
ԑy = 0.002325
d = h-d'
= 550-65
= 485 mm
A = bh
= 550x550
= 302500 mm²
As = Ast/2
= 402 mm²
Karena fc' < 30 Maka menggunakan β1 = 0,85
β1 = 0.85

Penyelesaian

## Titik A (tekan Murni)

Pn = 0,85 fc' (A - Ast) + fy Ast
= 0,85x25x(302500-804)+465x804
= 7041341.6 N
= 7041.342 kN

## Titik F (tarik Murni)

Pn = fy Ast
= 465x804
Guruh Narendra Sukmana
Tugas 2 Struktur Beton II
1621156 / B
= 373860 N
= 373.86 kN

Titik C (Balance)
1) Hitung nilai c dan a
c = ԑcu
d
ԑcu + ԑs
ԑs = fs / Es
untuk kondisi balance
ԑs = 100% ԑy
ԑs = 0.002325
fs = ԑs Es
fs = 465 MPa
c = 0.003
485
0.003 + 0.002325
= 273.239 mm
a = β1 c
= 0.85x273.239
= 232.254 mm

2) Hitung fs'
c-d' = ԑs'
c ԑcu
ԑs' = 273.239 - 65
x 0.003
273.239
ԑs' = 0.002286340206186
fs' = ԑs' Es
= 0.002286340206186 x 200000
= 457.268 MPa
bila fs (atau fs') > fy ; maka fs (atau fs') = fy
apabila fs (atau fs') < fy ; maka dipakai nilai fs (atau fs')
fs' < fy
fs' = 457.268 MPa

## ԑs2 = 273.239 - 65 - 105

x 0.003
273.239
ԑs2 = 0.001133505154639
fs2 = ԑs2 Es
= 0.001133505154639 x 200000
= 226.701 MPa
bila fs (atau fs') > fy ; maka fs (atau fs') = fy
apabila fs (atau fs') < fy ; maka dipakai nilai fs (atau fs')
fs' < fy
fs2 = 226.701 MPa
Guruh Narendra Sukmana
Tugas 2 Struktur Beton II
1621156 / B

ԑs3 = d - Cb - 105 - 105
x 0.002
d - Cb
= 485-273,239-105-105
x 0.002
485-273,239
= 0.0000166279
fs3 = ԑs3 Es
= 0.0000166279 x 200000
= 3.326 MPa
bila fs (atau fs') > fy ; maka fs (atau fs') = fy
apabila fs (atau fs') < fy ; maka dipakai nilai fs (atau fs')
fs' < fy
fs3 = 3.326 MPa

ԑs4 = d - Cb - 105
x 0.002
d - Cb
= 485-273,239-105
x 0.002
485-273,239
= 0.0010083139
fs4 = ԑs3 Es
= 0.0010083139 x 200000
= 201.663 MPa
bila fs (atau fs') > fy ; maka fs (atau fs') = fy
apabila fs (atau fs') < fy ; maka dipakai nilai fs (atau fs')
fs' < fy
fs4 = 201.663 MPa

## 3) Hitung Gaya yang ada

Cc = 0.85 fc' a b
= 0.85x25x232.254x550
= 2823041.54929577 N
Cs' = As' (fs' - 0.85 fc')
= 5(804)(457.268-0.85(25))
= 1749375.5257732 N
Cs2 = As' (fs2 - 0.85 fc')
= 2(804)(226.701-0.85(25))
= 328998.457731959 N
T1 = As' x fs3
= 2(804)(3.326)
= 5347.52244762214 N
Guruh Narendra Sukmana
Tugas 2 Struktur Beton II
1621156 / B
T2 = As' x fs4
= 2(804)(201.663)
= 324273.761223811 N
T3 = As' x fy
= 5(804)(465)
= 1869300 N

4) Hitung Pn & Mn
ΣCc = 2823041.54929577 N
ΣCs = 2078373.98350516 N
ΣT = 2198921.28367143 N

Pn = Cc + Cs -T
= 2702494.2491295 N
= 2702.494 kN

## Mn = Cc [(h/2)-(a/2)] + Cs' (210) + Cs2 (105) + T2 (105) + T3 (210)

= 1277021199.40352 Nmm
= 1277.021 kNm

## Titik B (Daerah Tekan)

1) Hitung nilai c dan a
c = ԑcu
d
ԑcu + ԑs
ԑs = fs / Es
untuk kondisi keruntuhan Tekan
ԑs = 50% ԑy
ԑs = 0.0011625
fs = ԑs Es
fs = 232.5 MPa
c = 0.003
485
0.003 + 0.0011625
= 349.550 mm
a = β1 c
= 0.85x349.550
= 297.117 mm

2) Hitung fs'
c-d' = ԑs'
c ԑcu
ԑs' = 349.550 - 65
x 0.003
349.55
ԑs' = 0.002442139175258
fs' = ԑs' Es
= 0.002442139175258 x 200000
Guruh Narendra Sukmana
Tugas 2 Struktur Beton II
1621156 / B
= 488.428 MPa
bila fs (atau fs') > fy ; maka fs (atau fs') = fy
apabila fs (atau fs') < fy ; maka dipakai nilai fs (atau fs')
fs' > fy
fs' = 465 MPa

## ԑs2 = 349.550 - 65 - 105

x 0.003
349.55
ԑs2 = 0.001540979381443
fs2 = ԑs2 Es
= 0.001540979381443 x 200000
= 308.196 MPa
bila fs (atau fs') > fy ; maka fs (atau fs') = fy
apabila fs (atau fs') < fy ; maka dipakai nilai fs (atau fs')
fs' < fy
fs2 = 308.196 MPa

ԑs3 = d - Cb - 105 - 105
x 0.002
d - Cb
= 485-349.550-105-105
x 0.002
485-349.550
= -0.0011007649
fs3 = ԑs3 Es
= -0.0011007649 x 200000
= -220.153 MPa
bila fs (atau fs') > fy ; maka fs (atau fs') = fy
apabila fs (atau fs') < fy ; maka dipakai nilai fs (atau fs')
fs' < fy
fs3 = -220.153 MPa

ԑs4 = d - Cb - 105
x 0.002
d - Cb
= 485-349.550-105
x 0.002
485-349.550
= 0.0004496176
fs4 = ԑs3 Es
= 0.0004496176 x 200000
= 89.924 MPa
bila fs (atau fs') > fy ; maka fs (atau fs') = fy
apabila fs (atau fs') < fy ; maka dipakai nilai fs (atau fs')
fs' < fy
fs4 = 89.924 MPa
Guruh Narendra Sukmana
Tugas 2 Struktur Beton II
1621156 / B
Cc = 0.85 fc' a b
= 0.85x25x297.117x550
= 3611458.55855856 N
Cs' = As' (fs' - 0.85 fc')
= 5(804)(465-0.85(25))
= 1780458 N
Cs2 = As' (fs2 - 0.85 fc')
= 2(804)(308.196-0.85(25))
= 460042.169072165 N
T1 = As' x fs3
= 2(804)(-220.153)
= -354005.986032591 N
T2 = As' x fs4
= 2(804)(89.924)
= 144597.006983705 N
T3 = As' x fy
= 5(804)(465)
= 1869300 N

4) Hitung Pn & Mn
ΣCc = 3611458.55855856 N
ΣCs = 2240500.16907216 N
ΣT = 1659891.02095111 N

Pn = Cc + Cs -T
= 4192067.70667961 N
= 4192.068 kN

## Mn = Cc [(h/2)-(a/2)] + Cs' (210) + Cs2 (105) + T2 (105) + T3 (210)

= 657571614.453739 Nmm
= 657.572 kNm

## Titik D (Daerah Tarik)

1) Hitung nilai c dan a
c = ԑcu
d
ԑcu + ԑs
ԑs = fs / Es
untuk kondisi keruntuhan Tarik
ԑs = 200% ԑy
ԑs = 0.00465
fs = ԑs Es
fs = 930 MPa
c = 0.003
485
0.003 + 0.00465
Guruh Narendra Sukmana
Tugas 2 Struktur Beton II
1621156 / B
= 190.196 mm
a = β1 c
= 0.85x190.196
= 161.667 mm

2) Hitung fs'
c-d' = ԑs'
c ԑcu
ԑs' = 190.196 - 65
x 0.003
190.196
ԑs' = 0.001974742268041
fs' = ԑs' Es
= 0.001974742268041 x 200000
= 394.948 MPa
bila fs (atau fs') > fy ; maka fs (atau fs') = fy
apabila fs (atau fs') < fy ; maka dipakai nilai fs (atau fs')
fs' < fy
fs' = 394.948 MPa

## ԑs2 = 190.196 - 65 - 105

x 0.003
190.196
ԑs2 = -0.00630618556701
fs2 = ԑs2 Es
= -0.00630618556701 x 200000
= -1261.237 MPa
bila fs (atau fs') > fy ; maka fs (atau fs') = fy
apabila fs (atau fs') < fy ; maka dipakai nilai fs (atau fs')
fs' < fy
fs2 = -1261.237 MPa

ԑs3 = d - Cb - 105 - 105
x 0.002
d - Cb
= 485-190.196-105-105
x 0.002
485-190.196
= 0.0005753242
fs3 = ԑs3 Es
= 0.0005753242 x 200000
= 115.065 MPa
bila fs (atau fs') > fy ; maka fs (atau fs') = fy
apabila fs (atau fs') < fy ; maka dipakai nilai fs (atau fs')
fs' < fy
fs3 = 115.065 MPa

ԑs4 = d - Cb - 105
x 0.002
Guruh Narendra Sukmana
Tugas 2 Struktur Beton II
1621156 / B
x 0.002
d - Cb
= 485-190.196-105
x 0.002
485-190.196
= 0.0012876621
fs4 = ԑs3 Es
= 0.0012876621 x 200000
= 257.532 MPa
bila fs (atau fs') > fy ; maka fs (atau fs') = fy
apabila fs (atau fs') < fy ; maka dipakai nilai fs (atau fs')
fs' < fy
fs4 = 257.532 MPa

## 3) Hitung Gaya yang ada

Cc = 0.85 fc' a b
= 0.85x25x161.667x550
= 1965058.33333333 N
Cs' = As' (fs' - 0.85 fc')
= 5(804)(394.948-0.85(25))
= 1498850.78350515 N
Cs2 = As' (fs2 - 0.85 fc')
= 2(804)(-1261.237-0.85(25))
= -2063606.07835051 N
T1 = As' x fs3
= 2(804)(115.065)
= 185024.276687729 N
T2 = As' x fs4
= 2(804)(257.532)
= 414112.138343864 N
T3 = As' x fy
= 5(804)(465)
= 1869300 N

4) Hitung Pn & Mn
ΣCc = 1965058.33333333 N
ΣCs = -564755.295 N
ΣT = 2468436.41503159 N

Pn = Cc + Cs -T
= -1068133.377 N
= -1068.133 kN

## Mn = Cc [(h/2)-(a/2)] + Cs' (210) + Cs2 (105) + T2 (105) + T3 (210)

= 463625058.675886 Nmm
= 463.625 kNm
Guruh Narendra Sukmana
Tugas 2 Struktur Beton II
1621156 / B

Titik E (Pn = 0)
1) Hitung nilai c dan a
c = ԑcu
d
ԑcu + ԑs
ԑs = fs / Es
untuk kondisi Pn = 0
ԑs = 0.02621859
fs = ԑs Es
fs = 5243.718 MPa
c = 0.003
485
0.003 + 0.02621859
= 49.797 mm
a = β1 c
= 0.85x49.797
= 42.328 mm

2) Hitung fs'
c-d' = ԑs'
c ԑcu
ԑs' = 49.797 - 65
x 0.003
49.797
ԑs' = -0.000915893505155
fs' = ԑs' Es
= -0.000915893505155 x 200000
= -183.179 MPa
bila fs (atau fs') > fy ; maka fs (atau fs') = fy
apabila fs (atau fs') < fy ; maka dipakai nilai fs (atau fs')
fs' < fy
fs' = -183.179 MPa

## ԑs2 = 49.797 - 65 - 105

x 0.003
49.797
ԑs2 = -0.007241567628866
fs2 = ԑs2 Es
= -0.007241567628866 x 200000
= -1448.314 MPa
bila fs (atau fs') > fy ; maka fs (atau fs') = fy
apabila fs (atau fs') < fy ; maka dipakai nilai fs (atau fs')
fs' < fy
fs2 = -1448.314 MPa

ԑs3 = d - Cb - 105 - 105
x 0.002
Guruh Narendra Sukmana
Tugas 2 Struktur Beton II
1621156 / B
x 0.002
d - Cb
= 485-49.797-105-105
x 0.002
485-49.797
= 0.0010349330
fs3 = ԑs3 Es
= 0.0010349330 x 200000
= 206.987 MPa
bila fs (atau fs') > fy ; maka fs (atau fs') = fy
apabila fs (atau fs') < fy ; maka dipakai nilai fs (atau fs')
fs' < fy
fs3 = 206.987 MPa

ԑs4 = d - Cb - 105
x 0.002
d - Cb
= 485-49.797-105
x 0.002
485-49.797
= 0.0015174665
fs4 = ԑs3 Es
= 0.0015174665 x 200000
= 303.493 MPa
bila fs (atau fs') > fy ; maka fs (atau fs') = fy
apabila fs (atau fs') < fy ; maka dipakai nilai fs (atau fs')
fs' < fy
fs4 = 303.493 MPa

## 3) Hitung Gaya yang ada

Cc = 0.85 fc' a b
= 0.85x25x42.328x550
= 514490.8173187 N
Cs' = As' (fs' - 0.85 fc')
= 5(804)(-183.179-0.85(25))
= -825220.37814433 N
Cs2 = As' (fs2 - 0.85 fc')
= 2(804)(-1448.314-0.85(25))
= -2364424.9494433 N
T1 = As' x fs3
= 2(804)(206.987)
= 332834.446675345 N
T2 = As' x fs4
= 2(804)(303.493)
= 488017.223337673 N
T3 = As' x fy
= 5(804)(465)
= 1869300 N
Guruh Narendra Sukmana
Tugas 2 Struktur Beton II
1621156 / B

4) Hitung Pn & Mn
ΣCc = 514490.8173187 N
ΣCs = -3189645.328 N
ΣT = 2690151.67001302 N

Pn = Cc + Cs -T
= -5365306.180 N
= 0.000 kN

## Mn = Cc [(h/2)-(a/2)] + Cs' (210) + Cs2 (105) + T2 (105) + T3 (210)

= 11345353.1534019 Nmm
= 11.345 kNm

## Titik P ( kN ) M ( kNm ) Catatan

A 7041.342 0 Tekan Murni
B 4192.068 657.572 Keruntuhan Tekan
C 2702.494 1277.021 Balance (Seimbang)
D -1068.133 463.625 Keruntuhan Tarik
E 0.000 11.345 Lentur Murni
F -373.86 0 Tarik Murni

Diagram Interaksi
8000
1; 7041.342
7000

6000

5000
2; 4192.068
P ( kN )

4000

3000 3; 2702.494

2000

1000
5; 0.000
0
0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400
M ( kNm )
Guruh Narendra Sukmana
Tugas 2 Struktur Beton II
1621156 / B
Guruh Narendra Sukmana
Tugas 2 Struktur Beton II
1621156 / B

7509.890