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I N D O O R C L I M AT E S O L U T I O N S

TECHNICAL GUIDELINE

Uponor plaster system


for ceiling and
wall cooling/heating

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Table of contents:
Convenient cooling and heating with the Uponor plaster system
System description/Field of application •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 4
System components ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 5

Application notes
Technical design notes ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 6
Control concept •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 9
System concepts ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 10
Laws, regulations, standards and guidelines •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 11

Design and calculation


Design instructions ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 12
Design diagrams ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 14
Hydraulic regulation •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 20

Mounting instructions
Installation Instructions•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 21
Commissioning •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 23

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Convenient cooling and heating with the
Uponor plaster system
System description/Field of application
Temperature control via room Dual benefit with the Uponor
How you benefit
surfaces plaster system
Minimum installation height
Increasingly to meet the demand for When it comes to managing room A universal system for ceil-
maximum comfort with minimum temperature with comfort and cost ings and walls mounting
investment- and running costs, in mind, the Uponor plaster system Very few, optimally interact-
room enclosure surfaces such as is truly multitalented as it can be ing system components
floors, walls and ceilings are being used in ceilings or walls and for Choice of preference for
decades Uponor PE-Xa pipe
9,9 x 1,1 mm
Q&E fitting system for fast,
economical installation
Quick reaction time thanks
to slim plaster coverage
Saves energy thanks to
optimum operating tempera-
tures

If heating is the prime concern,


wall surfaces are excellently
suited. The slim plaster coverage
also makes the Uponor plaster
system highly controllable. Ceiling
and wall-applications can of
course be used together in any
combination.
Total spatial freedom with the Uponor plaster system
The plaster system from Uponor
used for heating and cooling. The cooling as well as heating. If the therefore offers dual benefit:
energy transfer between the occu- requirement is predominantly cool- keeping rooms pleasantly cool
pants and the thermally activated ing, the room ceilings serve as in the Summer, pleasantly warm
surfaces in this case is predomi- heat-transfer surfaces. Thanks to in the Winter and flexible enough
nantly radiant, which replicates nat- the high heat transfer coefficients to respond to the rapid tempera-
ural relationships to regulate the in cooling mode it is possible to ture changes in Spring and
heating balance for most living achieve an impressive cooling Autumn.
beings. This means that people in output.
rooms heated or cooled by surface
systems feel demonstrably well and
their motivation and performance
increases.

Uponor plaster system, wall Uponor plaster system, ceiling

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System components
The Uponor plaster system involves for the ceiling as well as for the wall. the Uponor range. This enables the
very few, optimally-matched system The system is completed with distri- single-sourced production of com-
components which can be used both bution and control components from plex systems.

Uponor PE-Xa Uponor Q&E Uponor Uponor


pipe fittings clamp track pipe bend
9.9 x 1.1 mm 9.9 support
and 20 x 2 mm

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Application notes
Technical design notes
General

The design of a heated/cooled of the most important documents processes must be coordinated
ceiling-/wall construction must at the end of this chapter. Since accordingly (interface coordi-
take into account all respective it is usual for several crafts to nation) between the planning
laws, regulations, guidelines and participate in these kinds of engineer/architect/specialist.
standards. You can find a list technical projects, the building

Ceiling and wall applications

Ceiling application with the Uponor plaster Wall application with the Uponor plaster
system (Example) system (Example)

14 10
1

3 3
14

4 1
10

2 4

1 Heat insulation in accordance with specifications


2 Concrete slab (thickness in accordance with statics) 5

3 Uponor clamp track 9.9


4 Uponor PE-Xa pipe 9.9 x 1.1 mm
5 Gypsum plaster (e.g. Knauf MP75 G/Flight) 1 Heat insulation in accordance with specifications
2 Brickwork
3 Uponor clamp track 9.9
4 Uponor PE-Xa pipe 9.9 x 1.1 mm
5 Gypsum plaster (e.g. Knauf MP75 Diamant)

Heat insulation

Thermal insulation requirements system and the exterior component stipulated in the case of heated
for external components with it is necessary to use insulating interior components to reduce
radiant heating materials which are a suitable plas- unwanted heat flows from room to
tering base. The temperature and room. It is therefore sensible to
If radiant heating is planned for the particularly the moisture distribution incorporate thermal insulation
structural floor or walls adjoining an (dew point) within the component (Rλ = 1.25 m²K/W) into interior
unheated room or outside air, its must be computer-calculated. walls which border onto unheated
structural thermal insulation is gen- rooms and/or rooms with limited
erally subject to national or interna- Thermal insulation requirements heating or onto rooms of other
tional regulations and laws. The for internal components with users. For radiant heating on walls
required insulation layers should be radiant heating between similarly heated rooms,
applied preferably to the outside of thermal insulation in which
the ceiling/walls. If the insulation is In certain cases thermal insulation is Rλ = 0.75 m²K/W is generally suffi-
to be installed between the heating also recommended and sometimes cient.

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Load bearing substructure

The Uponor plaster system can be ing substucture. The fixing materials be suitable for the respective
applied to practically any load-bear- used to attach the clamp tracks must substucture.

Suitable plaster types

For optimum heat transfer, particu- forcements are added inserts, e.g. Plaster surface
larly in the case of chilled ceilings, mineral fibres, synthetic fibres, Gypsum plasters can be smoothed
use plasters with good thermal con- glass fibre woven scrim, which or felted. Silicate and plastic finish-
ductivity. In addition, the plaster reduce crack formation. ings can be used as the finishing
types must be suitable for the (second) coat. These must be pre-
expected temperature load. Possible Plaster base pared according to the manufactur-
plaster mortars with binding agents The contractor must inspect the er's instructions.
include: plaster base for suitability before
starting the plastering.
Important design advice
Gypsum/lime plaster
Lime plaster All traditional solid materials such as Check the process specifi-
Lime/cement plaster concrete, brick, lightweight cavity cations from Uponor and
Cement plaster brick, natural stone, sand lime brick, the plaster manufacturer
Special plasters, e.g. clay plaster clay brick, existing mineral-plas- when carrying out the
tered walls and also lightweight required plaster work.
You can also use manufacturer- structures made of wood wool-,
specific plasters designed specifical- wood fibre- or gypsum fibre boards
ly for radiant heating/cooling are suitable substructures. It must be clarified with the
systems. plastering contractor prior to
The plaster base must be the installation of the Uponor
Plasters with a higher thermal even and flat, plaster system whether
conductivity (e.g. acoustic plasters) load-bearing and firm, any plaster basic treatment
should be considered for heating sufficiently form-stable, is required (e.g. priming,
engineering designs. Lightweight- not water-repelling, spreading of a self-etch primer
and thermal insulation plasters are evenly absorbent, homo- or sprayed-on rendering).
not suitable for radiant heating/ geneous,
cooling. rough, dry, dust-free, free of
impurities, The plaster manufacturer
The need for plaster reinforcement free of efflorescences, must be consulted with
depends on the plaster system frost-free and/or temperated regard to the max. tempera-
used and must be agreed therefore above +5 °C. ture load of the plaster.
with the plasterer. Plaster rein-

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Jointing methods

Structural joints Expansion joints/border joints distances and area dimensions,


The surface heating/cooling system A joints scheme shall be produced account must be taken of the
is to be interrupted in the region of showing the type and arrange- type of substucture, the plaster,
structural joints. Heating/cooling ment of these joints. The joints the wall covering and the load
pipes may not cross structural scheme is to be produced by the e.g. exerted by temperature.
joints. Structural joints have to tak- structural planner and submitted
en over as far as visible surfaces and to the executing party as a com-
sealed under customer responsibility ponent of the performance speci-
with suitable coverings (profiles). fication. When defining the joint

Manifolds arrangement

The Uponor heating-/cooling sys- cabinets it makes sense to make the e.g. beneath the ceiling or above the
tem manifolds should be placed required wall openings for this pur- Structural Floor Level, the required
such that the connection pipes of pose at the shell construction phase. recesses can often be incorporated
the individual heating/cooling into the shell construction phase
circuits are as short as possible. The same applies for the use of which can substantially reduce the
If the manifolds are to be housed Uponor Tichelmann manifolds. If assembly time and expense of the
in recessed/concealed manifold these are to be installed in the wall Uponor plaster system.

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Control concept
Example: Supply temperature control with automatic heating/cooling switching of structural
heating/refrigeration equipment and radio-control for individual rooms

Field of use to cooling because in cooling mode on cold system components. The
Uponor control components enable the manifold valves automatically heating/cooling control regulates
convenient and user-friendly control open as the room temperature the cooling water supply tempera-
of heating and cooling surfaces. increases (reversing the action of ture via the control valve (9) within
the actuators). When cooling, a range above the dewpoint tem-
Function description unlike a simple individual room perature. The system components
Depending on the external and heating control, the relative downstream from the control valve
room temperature the heating/ humidity of the interior air is are thus protected from cooling
cooling-controller (5) switches the determined as well as the room below dew point. System compo-
switch valve (9) from the heating temperature by the heating/cool- nents from the cooling unit to the
to the cooling source. The H/C ing remote control (8) to prevent control valve must be insulated to
relay (4) also causes the radio con- cooling below dew point which prevent diffusion depending on
troller (1) to switch from heating would cause condensation to form the cooling water temperature.

Components
2
1 1 Controller,
radio
2 Antenna
3 Thermostat display,
radio
4 H/C relay
5 Heating/cooling-
controller
6 Supply and return
sensor
8 7 Outdoor sensor
3 3 3 8 Heating/cooling
ESM-10

remote control
9 Switch valve
10 Control valve
11 Cooling unit
11 Heating unit

6 6 5
7

12 11
10

The circuit diagram shown here is a simplified illustration showing the essential control components. You can find detailed information about installa-
tion and operation in the instructions which are included with the components.

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System concepts
Hydraulic connection to the network

Depending on the respective sys- pipes of the individual heating/ which quick and simple Tichelmann
tem- and control concept there are cooling loops are connected direct- supply lines for the individual heat-
different ways to integrate the ly to the manifold using Q&E con- ing/cooling circuits can be pro-
heating/cooling surfaces with the nectors and a 3/4" euro cone duced using Q&E connectors. This
Uponor plaster system into the threaded connector. This connect- makes sense when fitting large
network. The connecting lines of ing variant makes sense when the zones and/or rooms with heating/
the individual heating/cooling sur- room temperatures of several small cooling circuits of largely similar
faces are connected to the Uponor zones and/or rooms are to be con- lengths. This enables zone-control
manifold either directly or via a trolled separately which is possible valves in the supply line to control
collecting main. In a further vari- using the actuators on the mani- the room temperature and carry
ant the heating/cooling loops folds and the Uponor single room out hydraulic balancing. If the
are connected to a Tichelmann control. individual Tichelmann rings are
ring. connected in turn to the Uponor
Connection to a Tichelmann- manifolds the Uponor single room
Manifold connection ring control can be used conveniently
In the case of the manifold con- The Uponor plaster system for the control of zone- and/or
nection the PE-Xa 9.9 system includes fittings and pipes, with room temperatures.

Connection of the PE-Xa 9.9 system pipes to a PE-Xa Tichelmann ring using Q&E connectors. Connection of the PE-Xa 9.9 system pipes or PE-Xa 20 zone supply
lines to the plastic Uponor manifold

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Laws, regulations, standards and guidelines

The valid laws, regulations, ter system, particularly in the fol- The following table contains a list
standards and guidelines along lowing areas: of the most important standards
with the manufacturer's infor- Building shell/structure and regulatory documents.
mation, must be observed and/ Heat insulation
or applied in the design, con- Energy-efficiency
struction, installation and com- Fire safety
missioning of the Uponor plas- Sound protection.

Standards and regulatory documents Meaning


DIN EN 1991-1-1 Actions on structures
DIN 1055 Part 3 Design loads for buildings
DIN 4102 Fire safety
DIN 4108 Heat insulation
DIN 4109 Sound protection
DIN EN 12831 Calculating the standard heating load of buildings
DIN EN 1264 (1-4) Underfloor heating - systems and components
DIN 4726 Pipework made of plastic materials for hot water underfloor heating
DIN EN ISO 15875 Plastic pipework systems for hot and cold water installation -
interlinked polyethylene (PE-X)
DIN EN 12828 Safety equipment in heat generation systems
DIN EN 13162 to DIN EN 13171 Factory produced thermal insulation materials for buildings
DIN EN 13831 Expansion vessels with integrated membrane
DIN 18195 Building seals
DIN 18202 Tolerances in civil engineering
DIN 18336 Sealing works
DIN 18352 Tiling- and slab work
DIN 18353 Screed work
DIN 18356 Parquet work
DIN 18365 Floor covering work
DIN 18380 Heating systems and central water heating systems
DIN 18560 Screeds in the construction industry
VDI 2035 Part 2 Avoiding damage in hot water heating systems, water-end corrosion

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Design and calculation
Design instructions
Temperatures

Room temperatures Surface temperatures Operating temperatures


Radiant heating/cooling systems In heating mode the maximum sur- Radiant heating/cooling systems
are designed such that the desired face temperatures for radiant ceil- can be operated at temperatures
room temperatures are achieved ing/wall heating must be limited as which are close to the respectively
under design conditions. follows for comfort reasons but also desired room temperature. These
Normal design room temperatures from the building design aspect: systems are used ideally therefore
for the heating mode are: with energy-efficient heating
ϑceiling < 35 °C and refrigeration equipment, e.g.
Living rooms, offices 20 °C ϑwall < 40 °C (reversible) heat pumps.
Bathrooms 24 °C The design of the system should
Corridors 15 °C In this case, check the information provide for variation of the supply
from the plaster manufacturer and temperatures in the following band-
A maximum room temperature of if necessary the coating manufac- widths:
26 °C is desirable in cooling mode. turer.
To achieve this maximum room ϑSupply, ceiling 16 - 40 °C
temperature with a radiant cooling The minimum admissible surface ϑSupply, wall 16 - 50 °C
system it is necessary to use con- temperature in cooling mode and
structive measures under certain thereby also the achievable cooling The maximum design supply-tem-
circumstances to reduce the cooling capacity depends on the room perature should be the agreed
loads in the room (e.g. shading humidity and/or the dewpoint tem- maximum temperature load of the
large glazed areas) and/or to dehu- perature of the ambient air. plasters and coatings.
midify the interior air.

Design instructions for radiant cooling

To achieve maximum cooling out- bathroom and kitchen, should be 2. Short heating/cooling loop
puts with maximum design supply- connected if possible to separate lengths:
temperatures, radiant cooling is manifolds which are to be con- ➔ less temperature differences
usually designed with very small nected to their own control circuit equals less pressure loss
temperature differences (≤ 5K). (only heating). The following 3. Ceiling-/wall plaster with good
This means however that relatively parameters also contribute to thermal conductivity:
high mass flows must be trans- achieving the maximum cooling ➔ better heat transfer
ported through the piping. There- output from a surface heating/ 4. Minimum plaster coverage:
fore detailed hydraulic system cooling system: ➔ improved control if tempera-
design and layout planning is par- ture threatens to drop below
ticularly important for the cooling 1. Small pipe spacing: dew point
mode . Rooms which are excluded ➔ greater cooling capacities at a
from the cooling mode, e.g. the higher supply temperature

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Cooling power Design diagrams for detailed 1. Heat flow density of the radiant
The achievable cooling output calculation heating/cooling system q in [W/m²]
depend on several factors. As well 2. Thermal resistance of the floor
as the technical design factors (e.g. The design diagrams for the respec- covering Rλ,B in [m²K/W]
pipe spacing, pipe coverage, top tive Uponor radiant heating/cooling 3. Pipe spacing Vz in [cm]
layer) the dewpoint of the room air systems help to make a comprehen- 4. Heating medium differential tem-
also affects the cooling output. sive manual design of the surface perature ΔϑH = ϑH – ϑi in [K]
Basically cooling water tempera- heating/cooling system using 5. Limit heat flow density following
tures should be maintained above standard templates and also provide limit curve
15 – 16 °C to minimise the potential an overview of the following influ- 6. Floor surface differential temperature
for formation of condensation encing variables and their ΔϑH – ϑi in [K]
water (cooling below dew point) relationships to one another:
on system components. If you have respectively three influ-
encing variables you can work out the
remainder with just one diagram.

Determining dewpoint (example)


Note:
Room air temperature 25 °C, rel. humidity 60 %, dewpoint temperature 16.8 °C
The desired cooling output
25
can be achieved only when
23 both the average surface
27
temperature as well as the
Dewpoint temperature [°C]

21 26
25
24
design flow temperature are
19
23 above the dewpoint tempera-
17 22
21 ture of the ambient air
15
20 (h-x diagram).
Room air
13
temperature To prevent condensation for-
[°C] ming on system components,
11
a dewpoint-guided flow
9
temperature control is
7
required.
5
40 50 60 70 80

Relative humidity [%]

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Design diagrams
Design diagrams for detailed calculation

The design diagrams help to plan a templates for the Uponor plaster In addition, they represent the
comprehensive manual radiant hea- system. influencing variables and their
ting/cooling surface using standard relationship to one another.

K
8 15
i=
80 –ϑ 80

H
Surface diff. temperature (ϑS, m – ϑi) [K]

7
Δϑ H

Thermal output cooling qC [W/m2]


Thermal output heating qH [W/m2]

6 10
60 60
10 K

Surface diff. temperature


5 8
8K

(ϑi – ϑS, m) [K]


4 40 40 6
6K
3
4
4K
2 20
ΔϑC = ϑi – ϑC = 20

2
1

0 0 0 0
4 0 8
Vz 1 Vz 1 Vz
0,05

Heating Vz qH ΔϑH,N
Thermal resistance

cm W/m2 K
R␭,B in [m2 K/W]

0,10 8 58,6 10
10 55,5 10
14 49,7 10
0,15 0
4 0 Vz 8
Vz 1 Vz 1
0,05

Cooling Vz
cm
8
qC
W/m2
46,8
ΔϑC,N
K
8 0,10
10 44,4 8
14 39,8 8
0,15
1)
Temperature diff. between heating medium and room 2) Temperature diff. between room and cooling medium
At cooling the supply temperature to be controled by dew point temperature, humidity sensor to be included

Sample reading, cooling Sample reading, heating


Determining the design flow temperature ϑV, des. Determining the design flow temperature ϑV, des.
Reference: Reading: Reference: Reading:
qC = 40 W/m² ΔϑC = 9,2 K qH = 62 W/m² ΔϑH = 17,7 K
ϑi = 26 °C ϑF,m - ϑi = 6,2 K ϑi = 20 °C ϑF,m - ϑi = 5,8 K
Rλ,B = 0,05 m² K/W Rλ,B = 0,1 m² K/W
Calculated: Calculated:
Chosen: ϑF,m = ϑi + 6,2 K Chosen: ϑF,m = ϑi + 5,8 K
Pipe spacing = Vz 10 ϑF,m = 19,8 °C Pipe spacing = Vz 10 ϑF,m = 25,8 °C
Temperature difference: Temperature difference:
ϑR- ϑF= 2 K ϑV, des. = ϑi + ΔϑC + (ϑR- ϑF)/2 ϑF- ϑR= 5 K ϑV, des. = ϑi + ΔϑH + (ϑF- ϑR)/2
ϑV, des. = 26 - 9,2 - 2/2 ϑV, des. = 20 + 17,7 + 5/2
ϑV, des. = 15,8 °C ϑV, des. = 40,2 °C

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Design diagram, radiant ceiling cooling/heating

Calculation diagram Heating/Cooling, Uponor Ceiling System 9,9 mm PEX pipe,


with plaster layer (sü = 10 mm with λü = 0,5 W/mK)
160
K

K
30 K

40

35
13
25
140
12
Surface diff. temperature (ϑS, m – ϑi) [K]

11
120 K
Thermal output heating qH [W/m2]

20
10

9 100

K
8 15
i=
80 –ϑ 80

H
7
Δϑ H

Thermal output cooling qC [W/m2]


6 10
60 60
10 K

Surface diff. temperature


5 8
8K

(ϑi – ϑS, m) [K]


4 40 40 6
6K
3
4
4K
2 20
ΔϑC = ϑi – ϑC = 20

2
1

0 0 0 0
14 10 z 8
Vz Vz V
0,05

Heating Vz
cm
qH
W/m2
ΔϑH,N
K
Thermal resistance

0,10
R␭,B in [m2 K/W]

8 44,0 10
10 41,9 10
14 37,8 10
0,15 0
4 10 Vz 8
Vz 1 Vz
0,05

Cooling Vz
cm
8
qC
W/m2
50,0
ΔϑC,N
K
8 0,10
10 46,9 8
14 40,9 8
0,15
1)
Temperature diff. between heating medium and room 2) Temperature diff. between room and cooling medium
At cooling the supply temperature to be controled by dew point temperature, humidity sensor to be included

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Design diagram, radiant ceiling cooling/heating

Calculation diagram Heating/Cooling, Uponor Ceiling System 9,9 mm PEX pipe,


with plaster layer (sü = 10 mm with λü = 0,8 W/mK)
180
15

K K
K

K
30 25

35
14 40
160

13

140 K
12 20
Surface diff. temperature (ϑS, m – ϑi) [K]

11
120
Thermal output heating qH [W/m2]

10

K
9 100 15
i=
–ϑ

H
8 Δϑ H
80 80
7

Thermal output cooling qC [W/m2]


10 K 10
6
60 60

Surface diff. temperature


5 8K 8

(ϑi – ϑS, m) [K]


4 40 6K 40 6

3
4
ϑC = 4 K
2 20 ΔϑC = ϑi – 20

2
1

0 0 0 0
14 10 z 8
Vz Vz V
0,05

Heating Vz
cm
qH
W/m2
ΔϑH,N
K
Thermal resistance

0,10
R␭,B in [m2 K/W]

8 46,8 10
10 44,3 10
14 40,1 10
0,15 0
4 0 Vz 8
Vz 1 Vz 1
0,05

Cooling Vz
cm
8
qC
W/m2
57,0
ΔϑC,N
K
8 0,10
10 52,7 8
14 45,3 8
0,15
1)
Temperature diff. between heating medium and room 2) Temperature diff. between room and cooling medium
At cooling the supply temperature to be controled by dew point temperature, humidity sensor to be included

16 T I U P O N O R P L A S T E R S Y S T E M F O R C E I L I N G A N D W A L L C O O L I N G / H E AT I N G 0 3 / 2 0 1 0
Design diagram, radiant wall heating/-cooling

Calculation diagram Heating/Cooling, Uponor Wall System 9,9 mm PEX pipe,


with plaster layer (sü = 10 mm with λü = 0,7 W/mK)
160
K

K
30

40

35
13 K
25
140
12
Surface diff. temperature (ϑS, m – ϑi) [K]

11
120 K
Thermal output heating qH [W/m2]

20
10

9 100

K
8 15
i=
80 –ϑ 80

H
7
Δϑ H

Thermal output cooling qC [W/m2]


6 10
60 60
10 K

Surface diff. temperature


5 8
8K

(ϑi – ϑS, m) [K]


4 40 40 6
6K
3
4
20 ϑC = 4K 20
2
ΔϑC = ϑi –
2
1

0 0 0 0
4 0 8
Vz 1 Vz 1 Vz
0,05

Heating Vz qH ΔϑH,N
Thermal resistance

cm W/m2 K
R␭,B in [m2 K/W]

0,10 8 58,6 10
10 55,5 10
14 49,7 10
0,15 0
4 0 8
Vz 1 Vz 1 Vz
0,05

Cooling Vz
cm
8
qC
W/m2
46,8
ΔϑC,N
K
8 0,10
10 44,4 8
14 39,8 8
0,15
1)
Temperature diff. between heating medium and room 2) Temperature diff. between room and cooling medium
At cooling the supply temperature to be controled by dew point temperature, humidity sensor to be included

T I U P O N O R P L A S T E R S Y S T E M F O R C E I L I N G A N D W A L L C O O L I N G / H E AT I N G 0 3 / 2 0 1 0 17
Pressure loss diagrams

1000
Uponor PE-Xa pipe
800
The pressure losses in the Uponor
PE-Xa pipes can be determined with 600
500
the aid of the diagram
400

300

mm
x2
Mass flow m in [kg/h]

200
20

0,7
.

100

0,6

m/
80

0,5

m/

s
s
m/
0,4
60
mm

s
,1

m/
50
x1

0,3
9,9

s
40

m/
s
0,2
30

m/
0,1

s
20
5m
/s
0,
1
m/

Medium: Water
s

10
0,1 0,2 0,3 0,5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 [mbar/m]
0,01 0,02 0,03 0,05 0,1 0,2 0,3 0,4 0,5
[kPa/m]
Pressure gradient R

300 30
Uponor Provario PV Manifold
Diagram showing how to carry out 200 20
tool-free valve pre-setting (number
on the setting ring) for the regulat-
Pressure loss Δp in [mbar]

ing valves in the Uponor Provario


3

5
6
7
8

100 10
Manifold 80 8

60 6
5

40 4
11

30 3
10
9

20 2

10 1
8 0,8
[kPa]

6 Medium: Water 0,6


5 0,5
4 5 6 7 10 20 30 40 50 60 80 100 200 300 400 500

Mass flow m in [kg/h]

18 T I U P O N O R P L A S T E R S Y S T E M F O R C E I L I N G A N D W A L L C O O L I N G / H E AT I N G 0 3 / 2 0 1 0
300 30
Uponor modular manifold
Diagram showing how to carry out 200 20
tool-free valve pre-setting (number
on the setting ring) for the regulat-

2,5
ing valves in the Uponor modular

3
Pressure loss Δp in [mbar] 100 10
manifold 80 8

60 6
5

40 4

30 3

5
4
20 2

3,5
10 1
8 0,8

[kPa]
6 Medium: Water 0,6
5 0,5
4 5 6 7 10 20 30 40 50 60 80 100 200 300 400 500

Mass flow m in [kg/h]

T I U P O N O R P L A S T E R S Y S T E M F O R C E I L I N G A N D W A L L C O O L I N G / H E AT I N G 0 3 / 2 0 1 0 19
Hydraulic adjustment
General

The varying performance require- meet the heating/cooling demand tively required and self-adjusting
ments and loop lengths in the vari- at any time. Innovative intelligent quantity of water for the loop
ous rooms and/or heating areas control systems such as the DEM depending on use (auto-balancing),
make it necessary to pump precisely (Dynamic Energy Management) which makes static hydraulic balac-
the quantity of water through the control system from Uponor, ing, as required in the case of con-
heating/cooling loops required to achieve this by cycling the respec- ventional systems, superfluous.

Static hydraulic balancing Manifold (example)


Note:
Loop Mass flow Pressure Differential
In hydraulic balancing all heating/ Static hydraulic balancing is rate loss pressure at the
cooling loops on the manifold must not required with the DEM loop loop supply valve to
be balanced to the least favourable control system from Uponor be choked
loop (greatest pressure loss). This is [kg/h] [mbar] [mbar]
if the ratio of loop lengths
known as "static hydraulic balanc- per control zone 2:1 is not L1 100 215 0
ing" and is described using the fol- exceeded. L2 90 140 215 - 140 = 75
lowing example: L3 80 160 215 - 160 = 55
L4 90 195 215 - 195 = 20
L5 100 130 215 - 130 = 85

300 30
Manifold diagram example:
200 20 Provario

mL5 Loop mass flow rate


(in this case:
3

5
6
7
8

100 10
Δp(dr)HC5
80 8 L 5 loop)
60 6
Δp(dr)L5 Differential pressure at
5 the supply valve to be
40 4 choked (in this case:
Pressure loss Δp in [mbar]

11

30 3 L 5 loop)
10
9

20 2 For this example the


Provario supply valve
6 presetting for the
10 1 loop L 5 must be set
8 0,8 to "6".
[kPa]

6 Medium: Water 0,6


5 0,5 All other loops are balanced as
4 5 6 7 10 20 30 40 50 60 80 100 200 300 400 500
mHC5 described.
Mass flow m in [kg/h]
For further information see the
Uponor Provario assembly
instructions.

20 T I U P O N O R P L A S T E R S Y S T E M F O R C E I L I N G A N D W A L L C O O L I N G / H E AT I N G 0 3 / 2 0 1 0
Mounting instructions
Installation Instructions
The Uponor plaster system must be instructions and additional instruc- can be downloaded from
installed by expert installers only. tions which are provided with www.uponor.com.
Observe the following assembly the components and tools or which

Mounting pipe system

≈ 500

500
ø 6 mm

a
T

T a
80 60
Uponor 100 70
PEX 9,9 Optimal loop length: 140 90
L = 50 m

T I U P O N O R P L A S T E R S Y S T E M F O R C E I L I N G A N D W A L L C O O L I N G / H E AT I N G 0 3 / 2 0 1 0 21
Installing supply pipes

ø 6 mm

Leakage test according to


ϑi 0 – 5° C ϑi ≥ 5° C
3h 0,5 h

Q&E 20 Q&E 9,9


INSTALLATIONSSYSTEME
TECHNISCHE
INFORMATIONEN
1 2
PE-Xa Installationssystem mit
Quick & Easy Verbindungstechnik

3 4
Follow the additional
instruction: 45°
Uponor Q&E Installation

3–5x

Plastering

e.g. Knauf MP75 G/F-Light


≈10 14

e.g. Knauf NP75 Diamant


≈ 10 14

22 T I U P O N O R P L A S T E R S Y S T E M F O R C E I L I N G A N D W A L L C O O L I N G / H E AT I N G 0 3 / 2 0 1 0
Commissioning
Pressure and leak testing

Requirement If extra antifreeze is not required which the pipes are filled is to be
The heating engineer/plumber for normal operation of the sys- achieved by a suitable waiting time
must subject the pipe system to a tem, remove antifreeze by draining after establishing the test pressure.
leak test after the installation and and rinsing. Water must be After this waiting period it may be
before rendering and closure of replaced at least three times. necessary to re-establish the test
the wall channels and wall- and pressure. The final test pressure
slab piercings. System compo- Execution of the leak test must be maintained for 2 hours
nents, safety valve and expansion and must not fall by more than
vessel whose nominal pressure The pipe system must be flushed, 0.2 bar. There must be no leaks in
rating does not at least corre- slowly filled and fully bled (a sec- either the pipe system or the con-
spond to the test pressure are to tion at a time if necessary). The nectors.
be excluded from the test. If test pressure must be twice the
there is a freezing hazard, raise operating pressure or at least 6 bar. The test process must be logged.
the building temperature, use Temperature equalisation between You will find a corresponding copy
antifreeze or carry out the pres- the ambient temperature and the of the report at the end of this
sure test with air or inert gases. temperature of the water with technical information.

Function heating

After plastering, a function test is Procedure logged. You will find a correspond-
carried out for radiant ceiling and The heating function test starts ing copy of the report at the end of
wall heating/cooling systems. with a flow temperature of between this technical information.
The system function is tested with 20 °C and 25 °C which is main-
the heating function process and tained for at least 3 days. The tem- If an additional coating is to be
must not cause unwanted drying perature is then increased to the applied to the plaster, the coating
out of the plaster. max. design temperature (gypsum- firm must check that the substrate
bound plaster max. 50 °C and/or has cured before commencing work.
Start of heating according to manufacturer's infor- Further heating may be required if
mation) and is maintained for at the residual moisture of the plaster
Cement-bonded plaster least another 4 days. after the heating function test is
The earliest possible start of still too high.
heating is 21 days after plaster- The room is vented and aerated
ing throughout. Draughts are to be
Gypsum-bonded plaster avoided as far as possible.
The earliest possible start of
heating is 7 days after plastering The heating function process must
and/or according to the manu- be manually controlled or controlled
facturer's information. by a special control program and

T I U P O N O R P L A S T E R S Y S T E M F O R C E I L I N G A N D W A L L C O O L I N G / H E AT I N G 0 3 / 2 0 1 0 23
Pressure test report for the Uponor plaster system
Note: Please observe the accompanying explanations and descriptions in the latest technical documentation
from Uponor

Building project

Section

Test personnel

Requirement Before applying the plaster, carry out a leak test on the heating/cooling circuits
(in accordance with with a water pressure test. The test pressure must be twice the operating pressure or
EN 1264-4) at least 6 bar.

Temperature equalisation between the ambient temperature and the temperature of the water with which the pipes
are filled is to be achieved by a suitable waiting time after establishing the test pressure. After this waiting period
it may be necessary to re-establish the test pressure.

Any containers, devices or fittings such as safety valves and expansion vessels that are not suitable for the
pressure test must be disconnected from the installation that is being tested during the pressure test.
The installation is filled with filtered water and fully vented. A visual check of the pipe joints is carried out during
the test.

Start Date Time Test pressure bar

End Date Time Pressure drop bar (max. 0,2 bar!)

The leak test was started in the case of ϑi ≥ 5 °C no earlier than


0.5 hours and in the case of ϑi = 0 - 5 °C no earlier than 3 hours
after the manufacture of the pipe connection. Yes No

Ambient temperature during the pipe connection assembly °C

On the the installation identified above was heated to the design temperatures, and no leaks
could be found. After cooling, it was still not possible to find leaks. Suitable measures (e.g. the use of antifreeze,
temperature control of the building) should be taken if there is a risk of freezing. If antifreeze is no longer required
for operation of the plant in accordance with specifications the antifreeze should be removed by emptying and
flushing the installation, using at least a 3-fold water exchange.

Antifreeze was added to the water Yes No

Procedure as described above Yes No

The pressure test has been carried out in accordance with the report

Installing plumber - date/signature Client: - date/signature

24 T I U P O N O R P L A S T E R S Y S T E M F O R C E I L I N G A N D W A L L C O O L I N G / H E AT I N G 0 3 / 2 0 1 0
Heating function report according to DIN EN 1264-4 for the
Uponor plaster system
(to be completed by the heating system company and supplied with the contract documents)

Client/
Construction project*

Building manage-
ment/ Architect*

Heating company*

Screed company*

System Uponor plaster system (wall) Surface area m2


Uponor plaster system (ceiling) Surface area m2

Type of plaster Make


Heating/cooling pipe coverage cm
Plastering work completed on

Heating function External temperature at start of heating approx. °C


process
Start of function heating on at °C
max. design temperature from at °C
The max. design temperature was maintained for days without falling at night
(at least 4 days)
The heating function test was interrupted from to
Heating recommenced on
The heated area was free from coverage or building materials Yes No
Heating in operation Yes No
System handover on the Supply temperature °C External temperature °C

Building owner/Client Building management/Architect Heating system company


Date/Stamp/Signature Date/Stamp/Signature Date/Stamp/Signature

* full address **Follow the information provided by the manufacturer!

T I U P O N O R P L A S T E R S Y S T E M F O R C E I L I N G A N D W A L L C O O L I N G / H E AT I N G 0 3 / 2 0 1 0 25
Notes

26 T I U P O N O R P L A S T E R S Y S T E M F O R C E I L I N G A N D W A L L C O O L I N G / H E AT I N G 0 3 / 2 0 1 0
T I U P O N O R P L A S T E R S Y S T E M F O R C E I L I N G A N D W A L L C O O L I N G / H E AT I N G 0 3 / 2 0 1 0 27
Uponor offers construction professionals uncompromising quality, leading-
edge expertise and long-lasting partnerships. As a leading international
company, we are known for our solutions that help create better human
environments.

Uponor’s Simply More philosophy includes services for all stages of the
construction process – from the first concept of a project to a building in use.

Concept and Buildings


Design Construction
planning in use

simply more
MasterPDF - 03/2010 ME - Subject to modifications

Uponor GmbH
International Sales
P.O. Box 1641
97437 Hassfurt
Germany
T +49 (0)9521 690-0
F +49 (0)9521 690-750
E international@uponor.com
W www.uponor.com/international