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Nama : Rezkha Mala L.

NIM : 101311123003
Kelas : Alih Jenis 3A FKM

Jenis Pekerjaan: Buruh Panggul Padi di sawah


1. Deskripsi pekerjaan
Seorang bapak separuh baya berusia 52 tahun menjual jasanya dengan mengangkat
hasil panen padi dengan berkeliling dari sawah menuju ke pematang sawah dengan
memikul beban depan belakang berkisar antara ± 40 kg disalah satu pundaknya bisa
kanan dan kiri. Pekerjaan ini dilakukan dari mulai pukul 05.30 WIB hingga pukul 10.00
WIB, kurang lebih 4,5 jam/hari. Jarak tempuh yang dijalani kurang lebih 100 - 200 meter
didaerah sekitaran Prambon Sidoarjo. Posisi kerja yang dilakukan seperti mengangkat,
menurunkan, memikul beban diatas pundak, menggenggam dan menekan merupakan
pekerjaan yang tidak ergonomis karena dilakukan secara manual dengan cara
mengangkat padi dari bawah ke pundak untuk dipikul. Pekerjaan mengangkat,
menurunkan dan memikul beban kerja diatas pundak juga dapat mengakibatkan cedera
pada bagian anggota tubuh tertentu.

Gambar 1. Posisi Buruh Panggul Padi saat mengangkat beban dari sawah ke pematang
sawah.
2. Hasil Observasi
Table 1 Determining if a job is a caution zone job
Checklist
Physical Risk Factor Duration
(√)
Awkward (1) Working with the hand(s) (1) More than 2 hours √
body above the head, or the total per day.
Positions elbow(s) above the
shoulder.
(2) Working with the neck or (2) More than 2 hours √
back bent more than 30 total per day.
degrees (without support
and without the ability to √
change posture). (3) More than 2 hours
(3) Squatting. total per day. -
(4) More than 2 hours
(4) Kneeling. total per day.
High hand (1) Pinching an unsupported (1) More than 2 hours -
force object(s) weighing 900 total per day.
grams or more (2 lbs) per
hand, or pinching with a
force of 180 Newtons or
more (4 lbs) per hand
(comparable to pinching
half a ream of paper).
(2) Gripping an unsupported (2) More than 2 hours √
object(s) weighing 4.5 kg or total per day.
more (10 lbs) per hand, or
gripping with a force of 340
Newtons or more (10 lbs)
per hand (comparable to
clamping light duty
automotive jumper cables
onto a battery).
Highly (1) Repeating the same motion (1) More than 2 hours √
repetitive with the neck, shoulders, total per day.
motion elbows, wrists, or hands
(excluding keying
activities) with little or no
variation every few seconds
(2) Performing intensive (2) More than 4 hours -
keying. total per day.
Repeated (1) Using the hand (heel or
impact base of palm) or knee as a (1) More than 2 hours √
hammer more than 10 times total per day.
per hour.
Heavy, (1) Lifting objects weighing
frequent, more than
or awkward a. 34 kg (75 lbs) once per √
lifting day; or
b. 25 kg (55 lbs) more than -
10 times per day.
(2) Lifting objects weighing (2) More than 2 hours -
more than 4.5 kg (10 lbs) if total per day.
done more than twice per
minute. -
(3) Lifting objects weighing
more than 11.4 kg (25 lbs)
above the shoulders, below
the knees, or at arm’s length
more than 25 times per day.
Moderate to (1) Using impact wrenches, (1) More than 30 -
high carpet strippers, chain saws, minutes total per
hand-arm percussive tools such as day.
vibration jackhammers, scalers, or
riveting or chipping
hammers, or other hand
tools that typically have
high vibration levels.
(2) Using grinders, sanders, jig -
saws, or other hand tools (2) More than 2 hours
that typically have moderate total per day.
vibration levels.
(Employers may assume
that hand tools vibrating
less than2.5 m/s2, eight-
hour equivalent, are not
covered.)

Table 2 Hazard assessment checklist


Awkward Body Positions
Checklist
Body Part Physical Risk Factor Duration Visual Aid
(√)
Shoulders Working with the hand(s) More than
above the head or the 4 hourstotal
elbow(s) above per day
theshoulder(s)
-

Repetitively raising the More than


hand(s) abovethe head or 4 hourstotal
the elbow(s) above the per day
shoulder(s) more than once
-
per minute

Neck Working with the neck bent More than


more than 45º (without 4 hourstotal
support or the ability to vary per day

posture)

Back Working with the back bent More than


forward more than 30º 4 hourstotal
(without support or the per day -
ability to vary posture)

Working with the back bent More than


forward more than 45º 2 hourstotal √
(without support or the per day
ability to vary posture)

Knees Squatting More than


4 hourstotal
per day

Kneeling More than


4 hourstotal
per day -

High Hand Force


Physical Checklist
Body Part Combined with Duration Visual Aid
Risk Factor (√)
Arms, Pinching an Highly More than 3
wrists, unsupported repetitive hours total -
hands object(s) Motion perday
weighing 900 Wrists bent More than 3
grams or inflexion 30° hours total
more (2 lbs) ormore, or in per day
per hand, or extension 45° or
pinching more, or in ulnar
with a deviation 30° or -
force of 180 more
Newtons or
more (4 lbs)
per hand
(comparable
to
No other risk More than 4
pinching half
factors hours total -
a ream of
per day
paper)
Arms, Gripping an Highly More than 3 √
wrists, unsupported repetitive hours total
hands object(s) motion perday
weighing 4.5
kg or more
(10 lbs) per
hand, or
gripping with
a force of
340 Newtons Wrists bent in More than 3 √
or more (10 flexion 30° or hours total
lbs) per hand more, or in perday
(comparable extension 45° or
to more, or in ulnar
clamping deviation 30° or
light duty more
automotive No other risk More than 4 -
jumper Factors hours total
cables onto a perday
battery)

Highly Repetitive Motion


Physical Risk Checklist
Body Part Combined with Duration
Factor (√)
Neck, shoulders, Using the same No other risk factors More than 6 -
elbows,Wrists, motion with little hours total per
hands or no variation day
every few
seconds
(excluding
keying activities)
Using the same Wrists bent in More than 2 -
motion with little flexion 30°or more, hours total per
or novariation or in extension45° day
every fewseconds or more, or in
(excludingkeying ulnardeviation 30°
activities) or more AND
High, forceful
exertionswith the
hand(s)
Intensive keying Awkward posture, More than 4 √
including wrists hours totalper
bent inflexion 30° or day
more, or inextension
45° or more, orin
ulnar deviation 30°
ormore
No other risk factors More than 7 -
hours totalper
day

Repeated Impact
Physical Risk Checklist
Body Part Duration Visual Aid
Factor (√)
Hands Using the hand More than 2 -
(heel/base of palm) hours total
asa hammer more per day
than once per
minute

Knees Using the knee as a More than 2 -


hammer more than hourstotal per
onceper minute day

3. Perhitungan Beban
Step 1 Find out the actual weight of objects that the worker lifts
Beban yang diangkat pekerja adalah 40kg (1 kg = 2 lbs)
Actual Weight (AW) = 80 lbs
Step 2 Determine the Unadjusted Weight Limit

Posisi pekerja saat mengangkat beban pada posisi Above Shoulder 0” (UWL = 65 lbs)
Step 3 Find the Limit Reduction Modifier

Pekerjaan mengangkat beban dilakukan pada 1 lift every 2-5 kali permenit dalam waktu
lebih dari 2 jam per hari. (LRM 0,85 lbs)
Step 4 Calculate the Weight Limit
- Unadjusted Weight Limit : 65 lbs
- Twisting Adjustment : 1 lbs
- Pekerjatidak melakukan gerakan memutar badan >450 ketika mengangkat beban dan
juga tidak diikuti putaran kaki.
- Adjusted Weight Limit (AWL) = UWL x TA
= 65 lbs x 1 lbs
= 65 lbs
- Limit Reduction Modifier : 0,85 lbs
- Weight Limit (WL) = UWL x LRM
= 65 x 0,85
= 55,25 lbs
Step 5 Is this a hazard? (mengkategorikan apakah bahaya ataukah tidak)
AW > WL
80 lbs > 55,25 lbs maka pekerjaan Buruh Panggul Padi di sawah memiliki
resiko cedera pada sistem musculoskeletal.

4. Kesimpulan
Pekerjaan Buruh Panggul Padi di sawah termasuk dalam kategori Hazard karena
bekerja dengan posisi membungkuk ke depan lebih dari 450 tanpa penahan, posisi tangan
menggenggam fleksi dan ekstensi ketika mengangkat dan menurunkan padi dari sawah
ke pematang sawah. Berdasarkan perhitungan beban, pekerja mengangkat beban ± 40 kg
dan dilakukan dalam keadaan jongkok dan tidak duduk memiliki resiko cedera pada
sistem musculoskeletal.

5. Saran
Untuk mengurangi resiko cedera musculoskeletal perlu dilakukan perbaikan
prosedur kerja, yaitu dengan cara :
a. Mengurangi frekuensi mengangkat padi dengan cara dipikul sehingga pekerja tidak
beresiko terkena cedera.
b. Meletakkan barang yang diangkat (karung padi) pada alas yang dapat diatur
ketinggiannya, sehingga pekerja tidak perlu membungkuk.
c. Istirahat sebentar sebelum melanjutkan pekerjaan
d. Menyediakan lintas jalur dari sawah menuju pematang sawah yang mudah dilewati
oleh pekerja sehingga dapat melakukan pekerjaanya lebih mudah cepat.
e. Menggunakan alat bantu pengangkut untuk memindahkan karung padi yang ada di
sawah menuju ke pematang sawah.