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Global Textile Industry

& Recent Trends.
City University
Date: 21/05/2010

Prepared for:
Mohossina Ahmed

Prepared by:
MD. Faysal Islam (09322015)
Textile is not only system clothing, it is also a style of life. A style to live.

When men come into earth & when they recognized they have to make their life better
form then textile appears. After that it walks through a long way to make today’s
situation. During the exploration of man, textile also explored.

But at the starting of human being textile was not as like as today. Man’s first articles of
clothing were animal skin wraps.

Figure of a stone age person

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But it is not certain, when people first started wearing clothes however; anthropologists
give estimates that range between 100000 to 500000 years ago. Clothing was often
draped or tied however simple needles made out of animal bone provide evidence of
sewn leather & for garments from at least 30000 years ago.

When settled Neolithic cultures discovered the advantages of woven fibers over animal
hides, the making of cloth, drawing on basketry techniques emerged as one of human
kind’s fundamental technologies. Hand & hand with the history of clothing goes the
history of textile.

Humans had to invent weaving spinning & other techniques’ & the machines needed in
order to make the fabrics used for clothing.

Before sewing machine, nearly all clothing was local & hard-sewn, there were tailors &
seamstresses in mast to be that could make individual items of clothing for customer.
After the sewing machine was invented, the readymade clothing industry took.

Industrial Textile: When one want to talk about the industrialist & first industry will
become automatically. In the United States the first textile mill was established by
Francis Cabot lower.

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Milestone of first textile mill

Lower visited England in the early 1800$ & toured textile mill while pretending to be an
idiots. When he returned to the United States he gave detailed descriptions &
engineering drawing to a man named Paul moody creating spinning devices & power


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In order to raise the money for the mill, Lowell sold shares of stock in his company, an
innovative approach at the time that later become the primary way capital is raised for
corporations. The textile mill itself becomes the basis for the town of Lowell.
Massachusetts, named for Francis Cabot Lowell. Lowell employed many women in his
mills, which was also innovative at the time. He was able to pay woman less than men,
but woman also benefited from the small measure of independence & camaraderie with
other woman. This is the time from when take a large part in the textile/garments
sector. After that a lot of textile mill formed by the inspiration of the textile mill of ever
how there are a lot of textile mill in the world. These industries make a huage economic
change in life of their woman & their countries. such of these industries. Apollo textile
mills LTD. Aditya Birla Group. NRDC are the tops.

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Certificate to be top mills.

Besides these in our country we have some renowned textile mill too. They are Ali
Textile, Anlima yarn Dyeing LTD, Anwar silk mill LTD etc.

There are three individual industries covered-textile mills, textile product mills & apparel

Textile mills provided the raw material to make apparel & textile products. They take
natural & synthetic materials such as cotton & polyester & transform them into fiber.
Yarn & thread. Yarn are strands of fibers in a form ready for waving, knitting or
otherwise inter wining to form a textile fabric. They form the basis for most textile
production & commonly are made of cotton, wool or a synthetic fiber such as polyester.
Yarns also can be made of thin strips of plastic, paper, or metal. To produce spin yarn,
natural fibers such cotton & wool must first be processed to remove impurities & given
prodnds the desired texture & durability as well as other characteristics. After this initial
cleaning stage, the fibers are spun yarn into yarn.

Textile mills then go on to produce fabric by means of weaving & knitting. Workers in
weaving mills use complex automated looms transform yarns into cloth. Looms weave
or interlace to yarns, so they cross each other at right angles to form fabric. Knitting

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mills use automated machines to produce fabric or interlocking loops of one or more

At any time during the production process a number of processes called finishing, may
be performed on the fabric.

Textile products mills convert raw textiles into finished products other than apparel.
Some of the items made in this sector included household items such as carpets and
rugs, towels, curtains & sheets, cord & twine, furniture & automotive upholstery, &
industrial belts & fire hoses. Because the process of converting raw fiber into finished
textile products is complex, most textile mills specialize.

The apparel manufacturing industry transforms fabrics produced by textile

manufacturers into clothing and accessories. The apparel industry traditionally has
consisted mostly of production workless that performed the cutting & sewing function
in an assembly line. This industry remains labor-intensive, despite advances in
technology & workplace practices.

Although many still perform this work in the United States, the industry increasingly
contracts out its production work to foreign suppliers to take advantage of lower labor
costs in other countries.

Educational system of textile

In 1895 the Honorable Samuel Ross, member of the commonwealth of Massachusetts

General court & a prominent New Bedford resident helped sponsor a bill that
authorized the creation of three state textile school in Massachusetts, in the cities of
New Bedford, fall River &Lowell the result was establishment, over the next 9 years, of

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First textile school

Bradford Durfee Textile school in Fall River (1904) the new Bedford Textile school (1899)
& the Lowell Textile school (1895). The new Bedford Textile school was charted in 1895
to provide “Instruction in the theory & practical art of textile & kindred branches of
industry”. The first building was completed in 1899 at 1213 Purchase Street in
downtown New Bedford.

From the first school today we have a lot of schools, colleges 7 university of study about
textile some of the top pest are

(1) International Fashion School.

(2) California institute of Technology.
(3) Cornell university.etc

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From where world get a lot of graduates to improve this section. And the young
generation are interested to be a graduate in this section for a wealthy future.

Life style of textile: Textile is a life style. On our body, in our office, in our home,
school-collage, shop every where is textile.

Some sample of style by textile.

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Recent trends:

In 1946, 10% worker gets opportunity than 1954.Losing job and getting job
approximately same in 1954.

In 1957 the closing of job increase

Lastly 1964 job opportunity in apparel textile increased 13% and then it was the stating
of job losing.

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Year Percentage of losing job
1970 5

1975 9

1980 8

1985 12

1990 9

1995 13

2000 37

2002 38

However, there are still……………..

• 224,400 apparel workers in the U.S.

• 334,100 textile workers in the U.S.

Since 1993 in textile mills productivity of mill grew 60% but the output decrease 20%
and the hours of work decrease 50%.

Science 1993 in textile products mills productivity grew 30% & the output increased 15%
but work hours decreased 18%.

In apparel textile productivity grows 30% but output decrease 55% & works hour
decrease 65%.

Though productivity increase but lack of employee is only the cause of decrease output
of mills & work hours.

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The bar graph shows that according productivity the position of textiles mills is 3rd, 1st &
position is computer &electronics & primary metals.

Business week articles

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30 million textile & apparel jobs lost in china

World Bank: Chain to have over $ 200 billion in world garment trade once quotes are

One of the biggest short term transfers of production in the history of world.

Turkey CBI, Mexico, Africa among the hardest hit.

Some extra Information on recent textile treads:

Where Bangladesh are leading

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Where China is different from the other.

Lastly we can say, the sector of textile Which is still improving just need some
importance. Just by doing this we can get a huge profit (not only world wide but
also in Bangladesh too).

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