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FINAL LOMBA FISIKA TINGKAT SMp

PHYSICS FESTIVAL 2012

Tujuan Percobaan

: Menentukan massa jenis air.


Peralatan :
1. Neraca Mohr
2. Gelas ukur plastik 100 mL
3. Air
4. Minyak
5. Selinder beban
6. Set beban
Jika sebuah benda sebagian atau seluruhnya terbenam ke dalam air, maka benda tersebut akan
mendapat gaya tekan yang mengarah ke atas yang besarnya sama dengan berat air yang dipindahkan
oleh bagian benda yang terbenam tersebut (selisih volume air yang dipindahkan akibat penambahan
beban). Neraca Mohr merupakan salah satu alat yang dapat digunakan untuk menentukan massa jenis
zat cair,dengan menggunakan prinsip tuas.

Fa (gaya apung)

Lengan kuasa

Beban

Lengan beban

Eksperimen :
Menentukan volume cairan yang dipindahkan
1. Siapkan neraca, gantung selinder beban di ujung lengan neraca dan seimbangkan kedua
lengan dengan memutar kedua sekrup di ujung pemberat neraca. Keseimbangan juga dapat
diperoleh dengan mengatur sekrup pada dasar penyangga neraca.
2. Siapkan gelas ukur berisi air bersih dan celupkan selinder beban ke dalam gelas ukur. Gaya
ke atas cairan akan menyebabkan lengan neraca menjadi tidak seimbang.
3. Catat volume awal air dalam gelas ukur
4. Atur lengan neraca kembali seimbang dengan cara menggantungkan beban-beban kecil
pada titik-titik ukur lengan 2, 3, 4
5. Catat kenaikan volume air setelah digantungkan beban tersebut.
6. Catat jarak lengan terhadap titik tumpu dan timbang beban yang digunakan.
7. Data yang anda peroleh dibuat dalam bentuk tabel
8. Hitung massa jenis air.
LEMBAR PENILAIAN FINAL LOMBA FISIKA TINGKAT SMA
PHYSICS FESTIVAL 2012

NAMA PESERTA : ……………………………….


ASAL SEKOLAH :……………………………….

PRAKTEK:

Cara Kerja Seharusnya:


1. Siapkan neraca, gantung selinder beban di ujung lengan neraca dan seimbangkan kedua
lengan dengan memutar kedua sekrup di ujung pemberat neraca. Keseimbangan juga dapat
diperoleh dengan mengatur sekrup pada dasar penyangga neraca.
2. Siapkan gelas ukur berisi air bersih dan celupkan selinder beban ke dalam gelas ukur. Gaya
ke atas cairan akan menyebabkan lengan neraca menjadi tidak seimbang.
3. Catat volume awal air dalam gelas ukur
4. Atur lengan neraca kembali seimbang dengan cara menggantungkan beban-beban kecil
pada titik-titik ukur lengan 3, 5, 7.
5. Catat kenaikan volume air setelah digantungkan beban tersebut.
6. Catat jarak lengan terhadap titik tumpu dan timbang beban yang digunakan.
7. Data yang anda peroleh dibuat dalam bentuk tabel
8. Hitung massa jenis air.

Form Penilaian:

No Formatur Nilai
1 Kalibrasi neraca
2 Prosedur yang digunakan
3 Cara menggantungkan beban &
menyeimbangkan neraca
4 Penggunaan timbangan dan gelas ukur
5 Cara memvariasikan panjang lengan

CATATAN PRIBADI PESERTA:

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LEMBAR PENILAIAN FINAL LOMBA FISIKA TINGKAT SMA


PHYSICS FESTIVAL 2012

NAMA PESERTA : ………………………………


ASAL SEKOLAH :……………………………….
ANALISIS (PRESENTASI)
Pertanyaan:
1. Berdasarkan percobaan & pengolahan data yang telah dilakukan,
hukum apa yang mendasari percobaan?
2. Jelaskan prinsip kerja tuas! Dan tuas jenis berapa yang digunakan?
3. Bagaimana pengaruh panjang lengan beban dengan m dan massa
jenis?
4. Akurat dan presisi? Dan bagaimana dengan percobaan anda?
5. Apa analisa dan kesimpulan yang diperoleh dari percobaan?

No Formatur Nilai
1 Prinsip Dasar (Hukum yang digunakan)
2 Tuas
3 Hal yang mempengaruhi nilai massa jenis
4 Analisa
5 Kesimpulan
6 Penyajian
CATATAN PRIBADI PESERTA:

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