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Ian Kalter


III.A. Certificates and Documents___________________________________________

1. Flight Instructor PTS
2. AC 61-23 (Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge)
3. FAR’s parts 61 and 91

Objective The objective of this task is to determine if the SP exhibits instructional

knowledge if the elements related to Certificates and Documents.

Elements 1. Requirements for issuance of a pilot and flight instructor certificate and
rating, and the privileges and limitations of those certificates and ratings
2. Class and duration of medical certificates
3. Airworthiness and registration certificates
4. Airplane handbooks and manuals
5. Airplane maintenance requirements, tests and records

Schedule 1. Discuss lesson objectives 02

2. Direct pilot application and practice 30

Equipment 1. Whiteboard and markers

2. Pilot’s Operating Handbook
3. FAR’s

IP’s Actions 1. Explain and discuss the objective

2. Present lecture
3. Ask and answer questions

SP’s Actions 1. Participate in discussion

2. Take notes
3. Ask and respond to questions

Completion This lesson will be complete when the SP demonstrates an understanding of the
Standards elements related to Certificates and Documents

III.A. Certificates and Documents

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Ian Kalter

Instructor’s Notes: Certificates and Documents________________________________


WHAT? – Aircraft and pilots need necessary certificates and documents to operate an aircraft in federally
controlled airspace.
WHY? – All pilots need an understanding of the required certificates and documents in order to operate an

1.) Requirements for the issuance of pilot and flight instructor certificates, and the privileges and
limitations of those certificates.
A.) Student pilots
B.) Recreational pilots
C.) Private pilots
D.) Instrument rating
E.) Commercial pilot – flight instructor
F.) Pilot currency requirements
2.) Class and duration of medical certificates
A.) First – ends last day of the sixth month after the examination for operations requiring an ATP
B.) Second – twelfth month thru the thirty-sixth month except the twenty-fourth month if over 40 yr.
C.) Third – for private or student pilot certificate
3.) Airworthiness and registration certificates
B.) Airworthiness certificate issued at time of production. It remains valid if all maintenance,
airworthiness directives and equipment req’d by the FAR’s are complied with
C.) Registration is issued to the current owner
D.) Operating Handbook or POH – aircraft may not be operated without one, limitations are found in
the book or on placards. (Prior to 1979 there was no formal POH)
E.) Weight and balance data is also found in this book along with the equipment list for the aircraft
4.) Airplane maintenance requirement, tests and records
A.) Airworthiness directives; issued by the FAA to correct unsafe conditions found in the
airplane, engine and propeller components
B.) A/D’s are divided into two categories, those of emergency nature and those of a less urgent nature
requiring compliance with a relatively longer period of time to do so
C.) A/D’s are a FAR and must be complied with
D.) FAR 91.47 requires that a record be maintained which shows the current status of applicable
A/D’s including the method of compliance, the number of the A/D and the revision date, signature
and certificate number of the repair station
E.) If the A/D involves recurring action (i.e. Inspection every 50 hours) a record must be kept of the
time and date when the next action is required
F.) All aircraft must undergo an annual inspection by an IA; an A&P can do 100 hour inspections
G.) Aircraft used for hire or compensation must also undergo an inspection every 100 hours of flight
time, the interval may be exceeded by no more than 10 hours to facilitate transport of the aircraft
to a maintenance location
H.) Further inspections beyond the 100 hour inspection may need to be performed to conform to
I.) A pilot may not use an ATC transponder unless it has been tested and inspected within the
preceding 24 calendar months
J.) ELT every 12 calendar months, proper installation, crash sensor, sufficient signal from it’s
K.) Pilot should inspect logbooks for annual, 100 hr. inspection, transponder also VOR test for
instrument flying
L.) PIC is responsible for ensuring that the airplane is maintained in an airworthy condition

III.A. Certificates and Documents

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