Anda di halaman 1dari 3

NAME________________________

AP Chemistry - Chapter 16 Worksheet


WRITE ANSWERS ON THIS SHEET,
BUT YOU MUST SHOW YOUR WORK
ON ANOTHER SHEET OF PAPER!

1) The conjugate base of HSO4- is 5) The pH of a 0.55 M aqueous solution of


A) H2SO4 hypobromous acid, HBrO, at 25.0 °C is
B) SO42- 4.48. What is the value of Ka for HBrO?
C) H3SO4+ A) 1.1 × 10-9
D) OH B) 2.0 × 10-9
E) HSO4+ C) 6.0 × 10-5
D) 3.3 × 10-5
2) The conjugate acid of HSO4- is E) 3.0 × 104
A) H2SO4
B) H+ 6) The Ka of hypochlorous acid (HClO) is
C) HSO3+ 3.00 × 10-8. What is the pH at 25.0 °C of
D) SO42- an aqueous solution that is 0.0200 M in
E) HSO4+ HClO?
A) +2.45
3) Calculate the concentration (in M) of B) -2.45
hydronium ions in a solution at 25.0 °C C) -9.22
with D) +9.22
a pOH of 4.223. E) +4.61
A) 5.98 × 10-5
B) 1.67 × 10-10 7) What is the pH of a .001 M NaOH
C) 5.99 × 10-19 solution?
D) 1.00 × 10-7 A) 3
E) 1.67 × 104 B) 11
C) 14
4) What is the pH of a 0.0150 M aqueous D) 10.22
solution of barium hydroxide? E) 3.22
A) 1.82
B) 1.52 8) Calculate the pH of a 0.500 M aqueous
C) 12.2 solution of NH3. The Kb of NH3 is
D) 10.4 1.77 × 10-5.
E) 12.5 A) 8.95
B) 5.05
C) 11.5
D) 3.01
E) 2.52
9) Determine the pH of a 0.35 M aqueous 14) Kb for NH3 is 1.8 × 10-5. What is the
solution of CH3NH2 (methylamine). The Kb pH of a 0.35 M aqueous solution of NH4Cl
of methylamine is 4.4 × 10-4. at 25.0°C?
A) 12 A) 11
B) 1.9 B) 4.3
C) 13 C) 9.1
D) 10 D) 4.9
E) 3.8 E) 9.7

10) The Ka for HCN is 4.9 × 10-10. What is 15) A Br∅nsted-Lowry acid is defined as a
the value of Kb for CN-? substance that __________.
A) 4.0 × 10-6 A) acts as a proton donor
B) 2.0 × 10-5 B) increases [H+] when placed in H2O
C) 4.9 × 104 C) acts as a proton acceptor
D) 4.9 × 10-24 D) increases [OH-] when placed in H2O
E) 2.0 × 109 E) decreases [H+] when placed in H2O

11) The concentration of water in pure


water is approximately __________ M. 16) Which solution below has the highest
A) 100 concentration of hydroxide ions?
B) 83 A) pH = 9.82
C) 55 B) pH = 3.21
D) 18 C) pH = 12.6
E) 0.100 D) pH = 7.93
E) pH = 7.00
12) The magnitude of Kw indicates that
__________.
A) water autoionizes only to a very small
extent 17) Which one of the following
B) water autoionizes very quickly statements
C) water autoionizes very slowly regarding Kw is false?
D) the autoionization of water is A) The value of Kw shows that water is a
Exothermic weak acid.
B) The value of Kw is always 1.0 × 10-14.
13) Determine the pH of a 0.15 M aqueous C) pKw is 14.00 at 25°C
solution of KF. For hydrofluoric acid, D) Kw changes with temperature.
Ka = 7.0 × 10-4. E) Kw is known as the ion product of
A) 6.6 water.
B) 12
C) 8.2
D) 2.3
E) 5.8
18) Of the following, __________ is a 23) Calculate the equilibrium
weak acid. concentrations and pH for a 0.20 M
A) HClO4 proprionic acid solution. Ka = 1.3 x 10-5
B) HF ANSWER:
C) HNO3
D) HCl 24) Calculate the Ka for a 0.3 M solution
E) HBr of HA (weak acid) if the pH = 3.65
ANSWER:
19) Which one of the following is a
Br∅nsted-Lowry acid?
A) HNO2
B) CH3COOH 25) Calculate the pH for a 0.2 M pyridine
C) HF solution. Kb = 2.0 x 10-9
D) (CH3)3NH+ ANSWER:
E) all of the above
26) Calculate the pH and pOH of a 0.34 M
20) The Ka of hypochlorous acid (HClO) is HCl solution.
3.0 × 10-8 at 25.0 °C. What is the % ANSWER:
ionization ofhypochlorous acid in a 0.015-
M aqueous solution of HClO at 25.0 °C? 27) Calculate the [H+], [OH-], pH and
A) 2.1 × 10-5 pOH of a .000234 M Sr(OH)2 solution.
B) 4.5 × 10-8 ANSWER:
C) 0.14
D) 1.4 × 10-3
E) 14
28) List all seven of the strong acids.
21) What is the pH of a solution that is ANSWER:
0.025 M in NaOH? What is the pOH of
this solution?
ANSWER:
29) What is the rule for determining if a
22) The pH of a Ba(OH)2 solution is 10.66 base is strong?
at 25°C. What is the hydroxide-ion ANSWER:
concentration of this solution? If the
solution volume is 250 mL, how many 30) Write the balanced chemical equation
grams of Ba(OH)2 must have been used to for a solution of HClO. Remember to put
make this solution? a single arrow for complete ionization or
ANSWER: double arrows for partial ionization.
ANSWER: