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• BASIC INFORMATION
• “OVERVIEW OF MOBILE TELECOMMUNICATION INDUSTRY
IN BANGLADESH.”
• “NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT: MARKETING APPROACH OF PRIME
BANK LTD.”
• “ENTREPRENUERSHIP DEVELOPMENT”

“OVERVIEW OF MOBILE
TELECOMMUNICATION
INDUSTRY IN BANGLADESH.”
INTRODUCTION:

“Watson, come here: I want you.” This was the first message ever transmitted from one
place to another, through a device called telephone. American genius, Alexander Graham
Bell (1847-1922) along with his assistant Thomas Watson invented the device. It was
March 10, 1876, an important day for human civilization, the first step towards
developing means of communication. We’ve come a long way since then. Today,
telephone is a part of our everyday life. Besides telephone, now-a-days mobile phones are
playing a great role to communicate from one place to another. Today,
telecommunication is one of the major parts of life. Nowadays, the phone is not only used
for making calls, among many other functions it’s used for communicating through text-
messages and so called multi-media messages, as well as to connect us to the internet.
The opportunities that lie in the telecom market seem endless and the growing demand
for mobile telephony systems is creating a world-wide market. The telecom industry is
nowadays not only by means of millions, but by means of billions. Actors in this industry
are seeking the most profitable markets throughout the world. In this assignment we will
discuss about the mobile telecom market situation and their competitive analysis.

v ABOUT BANGLADESH

Bangladesh is one of the poorest, most densely populated, least developed countries in
the world. Apart from its lowly economic status, major impediments to growth have
included frequent cyclones and floods and the slow implementation of much-needed
economic reforms. The country has a reputation for the inefficiency of its state-owned
enterprises. This report looks at the country’s surprisingly energetic telecoms sector, in
particular, the effort that has been going into building telecom infrastructure and the
progress that has been made on regulatory reforms. Some key measures of the status of
telecommunications in Bangladesh are also provided.

Population:

By July 2008, the total population of Bangladesh is going to be 153,546,901 with a


growth rate 2.022%. In July 2007 the growth rate was 2.056%. (CIA World Fact Book
2008)

Age structure is 0-14 years: 33.1% (male 25,639,640/female 24,174,937), 15-64 years:
63.4% (male 48,659,087/female 46,712,687), 65 years and over:3.5% (male
2,818,638/female 2,443,350) (2007 EST.). Median age of the population is 22.5 years.
(ibid)

Communication systems

Communication in Bangladesh is based on Telephone, mobile communication, TV


Broadcast, Radio, Internet etc. Three types of radio broadcast stations; AM15, FM 13 and
shortwave 2. There are 376 Internet hosts with 10 ISP’s and 450,000 internet users as of
the year 2006. Telephone density is less than 1 per 100 persons. Mobile cellular density is
13 per 100 per person. The country is introducing digital systems, trunk systems which
include VHF and UHF microwave radio links and some fiber optic links. The country has
a link to Europe with SEA-ME-WE-4 fiber optic submarine cable. (CIA World Fact
Book 2008)

vMETHODOLOGY

We have conducted the literature search connected to the topic to support and direct the
research. This search was mainly conducting on the University databases, Journal
databases, Library Journals, websites and Textbooks.

We have searched the databases provided by University library access, like Emerald,
Business Insight, ABI/Inform, Global Information Inc (professional Research reports)
and search engines like Google scholar and university special search engine connected to
all databases and textbooks. The key words mainly used were Bangladesh Telecom
industry, Telecom future, Trends in Telecom, Bangladesh telecom Market.

In the full range of articles and journals on the subject of internationals marketing,
investing in a new market, the We have found one of them very useful on the subject of
“Bangladesh Telecom Brief 2004” This paper tells the inside of offering and the potential
what Bangladesh market offers, not exactly the same subject but one major side of our
paper has the subject of same interest.
The Theoretical Framework has been created with the help of some text books on
International Marketing and marketing in general. Text books of marketing such as
“International marketing” by Cateora & Ghauri (2006), “Internationall Marketing” by
Bennett & Blythe (2002) and On Competition of Porter M. (1998) has been used for this
project.

v Telecom Infrastructure in Bangladesh

Many foreign investors are now interested to do business in telecom sector in Bangladesh
which reveals that Bangladesh has become a significant hub for telecoms. It has been
forecasted that the average revenue from telecoms sector will be Tk1500crore2 a year.
Bangladesh is a country which is densely populated and also is a flat and easily extends
able coverage. The infrastructure and Tele-density is low which on the other hand made
the market a perfect place for telecom business. The demand is very high and the
consumer base is very large but the investment is low because of the topographic layout.
The government has a receptive foreign investment policy with no restrictions on
repatriation of profit. Even though the current infrastructure is not much developed but it
is suitable for foreign investment.

Bangladesh has a huge potential in WiMax and submarine cable which is a new
technology in the country and has attracted the foreign telecom operators. Many foreign
telecom operators are coming to Bangladesh to explore the potentiality of the technology.
Some interested international telecom operators who want to start a business in
Bangladesh are UK-based Orange Telecom, South Korean SK Telecom and UAE’s
Etisalat.

The government is encouraging private sector to invest more in the industry as they think
that the industry is playing a vital role in developing the socioeconomic structure of the
country. And to ensure that, the government has taken several attempt. Giving private
sector the license for fixed line telephone is one of those attempts. Due to the
environmental facts, the foreign entrants should adjust their equipments according to
demand of the environment

v TREND IN TELECOM MARKET IN BANGLADESH

BIS Shrapnel, has launched its Bangladesh Mobile Telecommunication, 2005 report.
Report author Mr Priyam Shah explains that Bangladesh’s mobile phone market has
achieved exceptional growth since the beginning of 2004, registering a massive 100%
growth in its subscriber base during 2004, and 137% during 2005. This trend is forecast
to continue over the coming years, bringing the subscriber base to 58.2 million by 2010.

According to Mr Shah, recent growth in the Bangladesh mobile market can be attributed
to factors such as the deregulation of the telecommunication sector, low levels of tele-
density, inadequate fixed phone infrastructure, high competition following the entry of
two new operators (Banglalink and Teletalk) and, particularly, massive foreign direct
investment (FDI) by telecom giants like Telenor, Telekom Malaysia (TM), Orascom,
SingTel, and most recently by UAE-based Warid Telecom. Mr Shah explains that foreign
operators, in collaboration with local partners, have been working with the infrastructure
to remove entry barriers and make mobile telephony more affordable and widen the base
of mobile subscribers.

Mobile Price War

According to Mr Shah, the entry of Banglalink in February 2005 has sparked a price war.
Banglalink’s attractive launch offer included a new connection and handset at a low start-
up cost of US$51. Following Banglalink, three other private operators – Grameen Phone,
Aktel and CityCell – have also come up with various value-added offers resulting in an
intense price battle.

The development of a competitive mobile phone market is expected to prompt an easing


in cellphone tariffs going forward, after years of escalation in what was a captive market.
Consumers will also benefit from cheaper connection and call rates.

State-owned operator Teletalk, however, is expected to struggle in this new environment


as it is still grappling with poor network coverage and inefficient management.

New SIM Tax

Controversially, the country’s 2004/05 annual budget (delivered in June 2005) imposed a
tax of US$18 on each new SIM card connection, raising a huge furore among cellphone
operators. Operators think that the new tax will pose a serious entry hurdle for low-
income earners and will significantly stifle growth expectations.

According to the latest figures from BIS Shrapnel research, the sale of mobile phone
connections has picked up after an initial slowdown in June and July 2006. The tax on
SIM cards was revised to US$13.50 in August in response to fierce demands from
operators

Mobile Handset Market

In tandem with the growing subscriber base, sales of mobile handsets has increased at a
phenomenal pace. However, nearly 70% of mobile handsets available in the local market
have been entering through informal channels, depriving the Government and importers
of a huge amount of revenue each year. In a serious bid to turn around this drastic
situation, the Bangladesh Government reduced the tax on mobile handset imports from
US$22.50 to only US$4.50 in mid 2005. Mr Shah explains that although this initiative
has revived the situation to a certain extent, the effect on the grey market has not been as
significant as was expected by distributors and importers.

Interviews conducted by BIS Shrapnel with leading distributors reveal that the grey
market is currently holding around 40% market share, but they are hopeful this will
diminish over the coming months.
According to BIS Shrapnel research, Bangladesh’s mobile handset market is dominated
by first-time users (nearly 85%), as the country is still in its infancy in terms of mobile
phone usage. Further, 80% of the handset market is dominated by ultra-low to low-end
handsets, available for less than US$68, due to the country’s low per capita income
levels.

As with many other Asia-Pacific countries, the Bangladesh mobile handset market is
predominantly captured by global handset giant Nokia (approximately 52% market share)
followed by Siemens.

Mr Shah explains that the success of these two vendors can be attributed to excellent
handset quality, ease of use, an efficient sales and distribution network, dedicated after-
sales service, and regular launches of low-priced handsets to meet market demand.

The Mobile World Statistics

According to The Mobile World, at the end of Q3 2005, the country’s penetration has just
nudged over 5% – with 7.3 million customers. Grameen Phone is the market leader with
4.2 million customers. Number two in the market is Aktell (Telekom Malaysia) with just
over 2 million customers. Sheba Telecom has just over 600,000 customers while Pacific
Bangladesh Telecom has just over 300,000 customers and Teletalk Bangladesh picks up
the tail with 120,000 customers. Warid Telecom had not reported figures at the time.”

v OVERVIEW OF MOBILE TELECOM MARKET IN BANGLADESH:

Currently there are 6 mobile operators in Bangladesh. They are namely-

• Grameenphone – Joint venture ownership 62%Telenor and 38%Grameen


Telecom .
• Banglalink – Joint venture with Orascom Telecom Co. originated from Egypt.
• Aktel – Joint venture between Telecom Malaysia Berhad TM and A. K. Khan&
company limited
• Waried Telecom – An investment of Dubai and Abu Dhabi Group UAE.
• TeleTalk – Public limited company but 100% share have been owned by the
government of Bangladesh.
• Citycell – Joint venture with SingTel Asia pacific investment Pvt. limited.

Below is a table that reflects the current competition of the market. Number of
subscribers for the Mobile Phone operators is shown below:

Figure: Bangladesh Mobile operator’s market share.

(BTRC 2008 ) *Subscribers in Millions.

Over the last two to three years, the number of mobile subscribers in Bangladesh has
been more than or close to more than doubling on an annual basis. By end-2007, the
subscriber base had reached 34 million and was continuing to grow at an annual rate of
around 60%. With the momentum that has been developed on the back of the
government’s deregulation process, the strong growth seemed likely to continue. The
entry of new operators into the market has certainly helped to further boost the
competitive environment. This report describes how the mobile market is growing and
the impact this is having on the developing nation, as well as providing an outline of the
main players. The report also has a brief overview of the TV broadcasting sector.

Consumer demand in Bangladesh makes the mobile market one of the fastest growing
markets in the world. During first six months of 2007, Bangladesh recorded 7.7 million
(1.3 million/month) subscribers. At this pace, the expected mobile subscribers by the end
of 2007 were 35 million and a market penetration of around 25%, signifying year-on-year
growth of up to 70%. The following figure can give an over view of the potential market
of Bangladesh in near future. (Telecom Insight 2007)

v The rivals and their brief profile:

Now we will see the brief company profile of these rivals:

grameen phone

Grameenphone is a GSM (global system of mobile communication)-based cellular


operator in Bangladesh. It has started operations on March 26, 1997. It is partly owned by
Telenor (62%) and Grameen Telecom (38%). Grameenphone is the largest mobile phone
company in Bangladesh with 23.04 million customers as of october, 2008. It is also one
the fastest growing cellular telephone network in Bangladesh. At the end of 2008, it had
about 5200 BTS (Base Tower Stations) around the country. Grameenphone’s stated goal
is to provide cost-effective and quality cellular services in Bangladesh. On the 16th of
November, 2006 GP formally changed its logo to match its parent company Telenor’s
logo. According to GP the new logo symbolizes trust, reliability, quality and constant
progress. Grameenphone has already picked up 425 core taka of Non-convertible Senior
Coupon Biasing Bond @ interest rate of 14.5 by the help of ten financial group of the
companies. The company is recently going to call for IPO (Initial Public Offering) to
collect capital from share market of the country of 6 core 50 lakh dollar (449 core taka).
GP has submitted the prospectus of proposal for IPO in 12/12/2008 to the chairman of
SEC (Security and Exchange Commission). The name of present CEO of GrameenPhone
is Odver Heszedal.

The name Grameenphone was kept as part of the new identity because the name
Grameenphone carries with it all of the heritage, success and values of the companies
past, added the then CEO of Grameenphone Erik Aas.

Hawaii, and Ericsson provides technological support to GrameenPhone. The tower range
of GP exists 5-7 km. The technology used by Grameenphone is 1G (First Generation)
which is supportable to 2G (Second Generation).
>>Products offered

Grameenphone offers subscription in two categories, Prepaid Subscription and Postpaid


Subscription.

>>Prepaid subscriptions are sub-divided into three plans:

1. Smile:

smile (mobile to mobile connectivity within Bangladesh),

smile PSTN (nationwide and international mobile and land line connectivity)

1. djuice (a youth based mobile to mobile connectivity within Bangladesh).

>>Postpaid plan:

xplore (nationwide and international mobile and landline connectivity)

Grameenphone also offers different value-added services including SMS, MMS,


Welcome Tunes (Ringback Tones), Voice SMS, SMS Push-Pull Service, Voice Mail
Service (VMS), and Fax and Data among others. Grameenphone was the first mobile
operator in Bangladesh to offer EDGE services to its subscribers.

>>Other activities

>>Village phone

With the help of Grameenphone, Grameen Telecom operates the national Village Phone
programme, alongside its own parent Grameen Bank and the International Finance
Corporation (IFC), acting as the sole provider of telecommunications services to a
number of rural areas.

>>Community Information Centers

Community Information Center (CIC) or GPCIC is aimed at providing internet access


and other communications services to rural areas. In February 2006, 26 CICs were
established across the country as a pilot project. In this project, Grameenphone provides
GSM/EDGE/GPRS infrastructure and technical support and other partners Grameen
Telecom.

>>Grameenphone Centers

A grameenphone center (GPC) serves as a “one stop solution” for customers, with all
telecommunications products and services, under a single roof. A grameenphone center
also sells phones from vendors like Nokia, Samsung, Motorola,Sagem and Benq.
EDGE/GPRS modems and accessories such chargers and headphones are also sold at
GPCs.

• CSR(Corporate social responsibility):

Grameenpnone focuses its CSR on the field of followings:

1. It contributes its responsibilities toward countries education, empowerment &


health sector.
2. Beautification of the city towns.
3. It is the official sponsor of Bangladesh Cricket Board (BCB).

SWOT analysis:

According to the executive opinion we have analyzed the SWOT of the company.
According to a executive of GP their-

Strength: Network coverage (94%of total area of the country.) &Total number

of customer.

Weakness: Short term defensive strategy & high call rate, which may hamper

the company’s good will & Future competition.

Opportunity: To get link to the up coming technology i.e. Wi-Max.

Threat: Up coming technology may not support the present technological

infrastructure. And Banglalink.

Banglalink

With a slogan of “making it difference”- banglalink started operations in February 2005.


Previously, it was known as Sheba Telecom Pvt. Ltd that had been providing GSM
(global system of mobile communication) services in Bangladesh since 1998. Orascom
Telecom bought 100% share of Sheba Telecom in 2004 and gave its new name as
banglalink.

banglalink, is the second largest cellular service provider in Bangladesh. As of August,


2008, banglalink has a subscriber base of more than 10 million. It is a wholly owned
subsidiary of Orascom Telecom. banglalink had 1.03 million connections until
December, 2005. The number of banglalink users increased by more than 253 per cent
and stood at 3.64 million at the end of 2006, making it the fastest growing operator in the
world of that year. In August, 2006, banglalink became the first company to provide free
incoming calls from BTTB for both postpaid and prepaid connections. banglalink
provides its powerful network by 5500(approx) BTS (Base Tower Stations) is covering
486 Thanas reasonably and 61 districts, covering a total population of around 90% till
mid of 2008. After Govt. withdrawal of the restriction of planting network infrastructure
from the three hilly districts (i.e. Banderbarban, Kagrachori & Rangamati) banglalink
covered the 64 districts within very short time. The name of present CEO (Chief
Executive Officer) of banglalink is Ahmed Abu Domer.

The logo of the company is designed on keeping the national animal i.e. Royal Bangle
Tiger in mind, which symbolize to the faster growth. During the 3rd quartile of this year
which means july-september, 2008 the company earned 524 core BDT. And the
companies market expanded to 10.17 million customers. An banglalink’s executive
opinion about this was, the quality of product & service and continuous development of
network has help them to reach this position. He also hoped that the customer size of the
company will increased to 10.35 million by the end of this year. banglalink serves their
customers with more than 700 CCP(Customer Care Point). Till now banglalink has
invested 6,324 cores BDT. for the development of network and infrastructure.

Nokia-Siemens network & Hawaii provides technological support to banglalink. The


tower range of banglalink exists 5-9 km. in case sometime it varies to about 13-15 km.
The technology used by banglalink is 1G (First Generation) which is supportable to 2G
(Second Generation). Banglalink also has

1500 km. of Fiber Optic cable which gives the surety of good network. During the
occasional periods banglalink ensures much better service than the other operators.

Products Offered

Prepaid Packages

banglalink currently offers two prepaid plans. All the prepaid plans come in two phases—
Standard (T&T incoming and outgoing with NWD and ISD) and M2M. All connections
provide GPRS to subscribers.

ü desh, with the slogan One country, one rate, is one of the cheapest prepaid plans in the
country by tariff.

ü ladies, first!, with the slogan Shomporker Network (means network of relationship), is
tailored for women.

Postpaid Packages

Currently there are three postpaid plans from banglalink. These packages are called
enterprise personal. All packages come with T&T local, NWD, ISD and e-ISD
connectivity.

ü personal package 1
ü personal package 2

ü personal call and control

• banglalink enterprise

banglalink enterprise offers a wide range of products and services to suit the needs of the
business community. The current packages are:

ü enterprise corporate; targeted at the corporate segment

ü enterprise SME; targeted at the SME segment

ü enterprise personal

• banglalink CU

banglalink CU package is targeted at the shopkeepers, which offers PCO facility to the
general public. It comes in two varieties:

ü CU

ü CU call and control

• banglalink point

banglalink points are aimed at providing a complete mobile solution, connections,


handsets, accessories and provide selected customer services like SIM replacement,
reconnection, bill payment etc. They are strategically located at key points around the
country. Kallol Group a local distribution company had partnered with banglalink to
operate at least forty banglalink points through out the country. As of March, 2008, the
deal with Kallol Group has been called off and banglalink is focusing on managing its
own customer care centers.

• CSR(Corporate social responsibility):

Banglalink focuses its CSR on the field of followings:

1. Tradition & culture of Bengal.


2. Beautification of the city towns.
3. It is the official sponsor of Bangladesh Tourism Corporation.
4. It has under taken the voting campaign to vote for Cox-bazaar and sunder-boon
and cleaning Cox-bazaar.
5. It has provided Trolley for the passengers of Zia International Airport.

SWOT analysis:
According to the executive opinion we have analyzed the SWOT of the company.
According to a executive of GP their-

Strength: Active distribution management and sales personnel & brand

image. And network coverage (95% of total population).

Weakness: Time constant with other companies are not suitable.

Opportunity: Rural market & corporate customers.

Threat: Only time sense.

The executive also emphasized banglalink – as best mobile company of the country. And
are capable to be a market leader within short period of time. According to him team
sprite, superior-subordinate relationship, and working environment is excellent. The
company is ready to take any challenges and have the capability to overcome it.

AKTEL

Telekom Malaysia International Bangladesh (TMIB) Limited is a joint venture between


Telekom Malaysia Sdn. Bhd. (70%) and NTT DoCoMo (30%).

Aktel is the third largest mobile phone operator in Bangladesh in terms of revenue and
subscribers (8.14 million as of August 2008). In early 2008 Aktel slipped from the second
position to the third after facing fierce competition from banglalink.

AKTEL launched its operations on the 15 November, 1997 in Dhaka and on 26 March,
1998 in Chittagong. Its founding chairman is Late Mr. Zahiruddin Khan, an ex-commerce
minister. AKTEL was formed as a joint-venture between Telekom Malaysia and A.K.
Khan Company. All along through its insception it was ranked as No.2 mobile operator
and was placed far behind the industry leader GrameenPhone in terms of revenue and no.
of subscribers. AKTEL started investing heavily with funds from Telekom Malaysia (the
majority stake owner) on expanding its network in 2001 but the investment was far too
inadequate in comparison with GrameenPhone’s investment.

• Products offered

Aktel offers an array of different packages. In addition to offering the fundamental pre-
paid and post-paid mobile services, it offers a wide range of value added products and
services such as, SMS, GPRS, mobile data services, infotainment services, SMS banking,
Caller Ring Back Tone, Ringtones download, Picture Messaging, MMS, Voice
Greetings, Call Blocking on 4th August 2008, which give subscriber to control which call
he or she receive or not and Bengali SMS.

• Customer care
AKTEL has 19 Customer Care Centers[8] and 200 Customer Service Points in 61
allowable districts all over the country[9]. Aktel has another 670 AKtel Touch Points
(ATP) scattered along the most densely populated areas.

• CSR(Corporate social responsibility):

Aktel has been offering scholarships to three Bangladeshi students every year for
bachelor courses in engineering, information technology and business administration
since 1998 to study at Multimedia University in Malaysia. It is the founding member of
Chittagong Skills Development Centre (CSDC) that is offering technical training and
business management education through its strategic partnership with Penang Skill
Development Centre (PSDC) of Malaysia and its internal members. It also beautifies the
city areas. In 2007 Aktel received Standard Chartered-Financial Express Corporate Social
Responsibility (CSR) Award 2006 for their significant contributions to CSR and
philanthropic activities.

SWOT Analysis

According to the executive opinion we have analyzed the SWOT of the company.
According to a executive of GP their-

Strength: Call rate superiority (at present situation.) & network system

Weakness: poor customer service & late response to competitors offer.

Opportunity: great opportunity to expand market by present network

system which adopt the Wi-Max technology.

Threat: other potential GSM network like Warid(NGN)

CITYCELL

Citycell (Pacific Bangladesh Telecom Limited) is the first mobile communications


company of Bangladesh. It is the only CDMA (Code division multiple access) network
operator in the country. As of 1st March, 2008, Citycell’s total mobile subscriber base is
1.56 million, up 137 per cent or 680,000 from two years ago, giving it the best growth
rate of the company till date. Citycell is currently owned by Singtel with 45% stake and
the rest 55% owned by Pacific Group and Far East Telecom.

In 1989 Bangladesh Telecom Limited (BTL) was awarded a license to operate cellular,
paging, and other wireless communication networks. Then in 1990 Hutchison Bangladesh
Telecom Limited (HBTL) was incorporated in Bangladesh as a joint venture between
BTL and Hutchison Telecommunications (Bangladesh) Limited. HBTL began
commercial operation in Dhaka using the AMPS mobile technology in 1993 and became
the 1st cellular operator in South Asia[2]. Later that year Pacific Motors bought 50% of
BTL. By 1996 HBTL was renamed as Pacific Bangladesh Telecom Limited (PBTL) and
launched the brand name “Citycell Digital” to market its cellular products. Michel
Seymour is the present CEO of Citycell

Hawaii, Ericsson & Motorola provides technological support to Citycell. The tower range
of Citycell exists to 5-6 km. in case sometime it varies to about 9 km.(Max.) The
technology used by Citycell is CDMA1X(Code division multiple access). Citycell is
consolidating its position in wireless data by launching their Zoom EV-DO (evaluation
data optimize) for the broadband wireless internet service.

Although CDMA1X technology is the latest technology citycell could not not flourishing
the companies market position although it was the first company to launch Mobile
cellular phones. Executive opinion abut this is that the failure of the policy maker to take
right decision in right time is the main cause . But he also appreciated the policies of
present CEO of citycell for capturing the market position. He also thinks that the
countries most Mobile companies are GSM, so they may induce the GSM union to
capture the market.

• Products Offered

Citycell offers prepaid, postpaid and fixed phone plans. Since Citycell operates in
CDMA, RIM’s are usually sold with a phone mostly cheap Chinese sets produced by
ZTE, Huawei, Samsung, Motorola and Alcatel. Citycell currently has the cheapest
phone+connection tariff at 1399 taka.

• Customer Care Center

There are 6 Customer care centers of Citycell in the country. One for each division and
there are another 500 Customer care Points scattered around the country

• Performance

ü World operator rank by connections : 258th

ü Market Share : ≈4.5%

ü Market Penetration : ≈1.1%

[*Data - Q2 2008]

• CSR(Corporate social responsibility):

Citycell focuses its CSR on the field of followings:

1. It contributes its responsibilities toward countries education, anti-drug & health


sector.
2. Beautification of the city towns.
3. It is the official sponsor Bangladesh Football federation.

SWOT analysis:

According to the executive opinion we have analyzed the SWOT of the company.
According to a executive of GP their-

Strength: Digital technology CDMA1X. And network coverage (92% of

total population).

Weakness: Failing of making consciousness to the people about CDMA1X

technology.

Opportunity: Broadband wireless technology of EV-DO (evaluation data

optimize). And up coming technologies are supportable to the

present technology.

Threat: GSM technology where people habited with the change of

Handset.

WARID

Warid Telecom International Ltd. is a GSM-based cellular operator in Bangladesh. Warid


is the sixth mobile phone carrier to enter the Bangladesh market. It is currently struggling
but is trying to find a way out.

Warid officially launched their commercial services in Bangladesh on the May 10, 2007
with a GSM Mobile Cellular network covering 64 districts of the country and
encompassing 70% of the mobile phone using population- the single largest launch the
country has ever seen.

In December 2005, Warid Telecom International LLC paid $50 million dollars(US) to
obtain a GSM license from the BTRC and became the sixth mobile phone operator in
Bangladesh.

In a press conference on August 17, 2006, Warid announced that his network would be
activated two months ahead of schedule, in October, 2006. Again in October, 2006 Warid
Telecom put off the launch of its cellphone services in Bangladesh until April, 2007 after
its major supplier Nokia walked out on an agreement over a payment dispute. The present
CEO of WARID Mr. Munir Farooqui.
• Products Offered

Warid provides both post-paid and pre-paid connection plans. The post-paid plan is
branded and marketed across the country under the name Zahi Post-paid, which means
leader or royalty. The pre-paid segment is branded and marketed as Zem Pre-Paid.

The Zem Prepaid category is divided into four segments:

ü Zem (24 hours)

ü Zem 1 Sec

ü Zem Fun

ü Zem FnF

The Zahi Postpaid category is divided into three segments:

ü Zahi Royal

ü Zahi extra

Zahi-Post-paid and Zem Pre-paid user enjoy various value added services(VAS), such as
SMS, MMS, GPRS, 64K SIM, Dual SIM product, Corporate packages for product
advertising via SMS, and a host of other features. However, International Roaming is
available only to Zahi (post-paid) users.

• Customer Care Centers and Franchises

Warid Telecom Franchise.

Warid has ten customer care centers around the country located at key locations. These
centers are directly run by Warid itself. Warid has another 120 franchises spread across
Bangladesh, the largest chain of retail outlets in the country, which is further backed up
by a chain of sub-franchises, affinity partners & distributors.

SIM Cards, Scratch Cards and sometimes mobile sets are sold at these outlets. Bill
collection for post paid users and Zem top up for pre-paid users can also be availed at the
franchises. These franchises directly appoint dealers and sub-dealers in their designated
areas.

SWOT Analysis

According to the executive opinion we have analyzed the SWOT of the company.
According to a executive of GP their-
Strength: Customer service & NGN network.

Weakness: Product design & product marketing.

Opportunity: Adopting Wi-Max which will definitely supported by the

3G(NGN) network.

Threat: Other potential competitors.

Teletalk

Teletalk Bangladesh Limited is a public limited company, registered under the Registrar
of the Joint stock companies of Bangladesh. Total shares owned by the Government of
the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh.
We continue to grow and engage our customers through our clear commitment to
offering high quality products and services as well as leading customer retention and
loyalty programmers. Teletalk continues to be a part of the revolution that’s connecting
millions of Bangladeshi people and around the world.

Teletalk Bangladesh limited was established keeping a specific role in mind. Teletalk has
forged ahead and strengthened its path over the years and achieved some feats truly to be
proud of, as the only Bangladeshi mobile operator and the only operator with 100%
native technical and engineering human resource base, Teletalk thrives to become the
true people’s phone – “Amader Phone”.
Product offered:

Teletalk offers an array of different packages. In addition to offering the fundamental pre-
paid and post-paid mobile services, it offers a wide range of value added products and
services such as, SMS, GPRS, mobile data services, infotainment services, SMS banking,
Caller Ring Back Tone, Ringtones download, Picture Messaging, MMS, Voice
Greetings.

The pre-paid packages are-

ü Standard

ü Shapla (Pre-paid)

ü Shadheen

And the post-paid packages are-

ü Standard (rajanigandha)

ü Shapla (Post-paid)
• Teletalk Customer Care Point(CCP)

Teletalk has established their customer care point only in the divisional cities and the big
citied only. In their CCP’s they provides free services to their customer and also sells the
mobile hand sets, and mobile accessories.

SWOT Analysis

According to the executive opinion we have analyzed the SWOT of the company.
According to a executive of GP their-

Strength: Govt. owned public ltd. Co. & they use the frequency of BTCL

Which is covered all around the country.

Weakness: Poor customer service & bad product design.

Opportunity: great opportunity to expand market by present network

system which adopt the Wi-Max technology.

Threat: other potential GSM companies.

v Forecast about telecommunication market in Bangladesh:

Over the last two to three years, the number of mobile subscribers in Bangladesh has
been more than or close to more than doubling on an annual basis. By end-2007, the
subscriber base had reached 34 million and was continuing to grow at an annual rate of
around 60%. With the momentum that has been developed on the back of the
government’s deregulation process, the strong growth seemed likely to continue.

IEMR’s Mobile Forecast on Bangladesh provides over 65 operational and financial


metrics for the Bangladesh wireless market. We cover quarterly historical data starting in
1Q2004 and ending in 1Q2008. We also provide four-year forecasts at the operator level
going out to 2010. Operators covered for Bangladesh include: Bangalink/Sheba
(Orascom Tel), GrameenPhone (Telenor), TM Int’l (Telekom Malaysia), PBTL
(SingTel), and Warid BTTB. Our Mobile Forecasts are updated quarterly and are
available for one-time delivery or through regular updates. Notable highlights of the
3Q08 Bangladesh Mobile Forecast include:

1) Total subscribers in Bangladesh will increase from the projected 46.9 million in 2008
to 58.2 million in 2010. We, therefore, forecast that the level of wireless penetration will
increase steadily in Bangladesh from our projected 29.0% in 2008 to 34.7% in 2010.

2) The level of competition in the wireless market will continue to increase, and the HHI
index will go down from 0.298 in 2008 to 0.285 in 2010. The three largest operators in
the country (Bangalink/Sheba, GrameenPhone, and TM International) will be losing
market shares to Warid.

3) The largest operator in the country will continue to be GrameenPhone (Telenor), but
its market share (by subscribers) will decrease from 45.0% to 42.9% in the forecast
period, 2008 ? 2010.

In the figure below BMI (business monitor international) had forecasted a rapid growth
and average y-o-y growth of 56% per year between year 2007 and 2011.

Market penetration should be reached by 50% by the end of 2009 and can be increased by
75% during the forecasted period. So, according to the forecast, by the year 2011, mobile
subscribers will be 115millions. That sounds like a great potential market. (ibid)

The reality is close to the forecast. According to BTRC, The total number of Mobile
Phone Subscribers has reached 32.33 million at the end of October 2007, when BMI’s
expectation was about 35 millions. Mr. Manzurul Alam, Chairman BTRC while
answering a question, has given the latest information. As of April 2008, the total number
of mobile phone subscribers stands at 40.34 millions. And the average growth rate falls in
the range of 1 million subscribers per month.

Figure: BMI forecast

v Brief about PSTN Operators in Bangladesh:

Beside the six mobile telecommunication companies there are twelve PSTN (public
switched telephone network) – companies in Bangladesh. Among these BTTB was only
govt. owed company, which has been converted into Public Ltd. Co. in august this year
and now it is working as a name BTCL (Bangladesh Telecommunication Company Ltd.).
Accept BTCL all other PSTN use wireless system CDMA (Code division multiple
access) technology. The raise of private PSTN companies made the market of PSTN in
the country very competitive. Now the call rate of PSTN has been reduced than the
previous rate.

Here the list of PSTN subscribers of the country is shown in a figure with their customer
size bellow:
Operators Subscribers Subscribers Subscribers

December 2007 September 2008 October2008


BTTB 872.409 872.409 873.265
Ranks Telecom Ltd. 112.560 148.173 149.495
Telebarta Ltd. 55.809 56.424 56.424
Jalalabad Telecom Ltd. 3.948 4.949 5.110
Onetel Communication Ltd. 30.126 38.364 38.529
National Telecom Ltd. 17.521 48.467 51.496
Peoples Telecom Ltd. 32.961 46.211 53.085
Westec Ltd. 17.400 17.000 17.000
Dhaka Telephone Co. Ltd. 27.793 58.074 59.436
Sheba Phone Ltd. (ISL) 8.232 10.018 9.930
S.A Telecom System Ltd. 8.134 14.372 14.804
Banglaphone 0.026 0.026 0.026
Total 1,186.919 1,314.487 1,328.600
*Subscribers in Thousands Source: BRTC

v CONCLUSION

The buyer is powerful in the industry, but since the market is growing largely, it will be
easy for the company to hold its own share, because of poverty, the population will be
unlikely to avail the switching cost. And this also reduces the risk of high availability of
substitutes.

The supplier is not powerful in this case which is a plus for the company and the
company can play with the price to keep the production cost low. Since the market is yet
to be matured and growing very fast, we assume that the suppliers companies are also
increasing. Some multinational companies are showing their interest to enter into the
market. This can lead some new suppliers to arrive into the market and make the
environment more competitive. So at some stage the bargaining power of the suppliers
will become very low.

So from the above discussion, it can be said that the Bangladesh telecom market has a lot
of potential to offer considering strategically ignorable or somehow alterable threats. The
market looks very potential and prospective. Lots of opportunities are waiting.

Bangladesh has cheap skilled and willing to be skilled labor. Communication


infrastructure is in good condition and has the ability to serve the international entrants.
Customer demand for telecom product is very high due to the high growth rate of the
market. As the industry is becoming bigger, availability of supporting industries are
increasing and already there are lots of supporting companies in the market. And finally
the government policies are very welcoming and liberal.
From the above discussion we can comment that the mobile telecommunication of
Bangladesh is very competitive & the rivals are facing huge competition in the market.
Therefore we observe that the mobile companies are changing their strategies day to day
to survive in the market. So it will be difficult for any new company to enter in this
market. But we can simply say that the mobile telecom market of Bangladesh is a well
balanced & fully competitive.

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