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Question Answer

Total amount of blood volume in the venous

system is?

Venous return is the amount of blood volume

Right heart.
returning to the?

CI is CO based on? Actual body size.

The amount of blood in the ventricle

End systolic pressure is?
after ejection.

The amount of blood in the ventricle

End diastolic pressure is?
after filling.

Indexed measurements allow the normals to be

standardized therefore account for the patients True.
different body sizes.

Patients who develop A-fib or 3rd degree heart

CO decreases.
block, lose their atrial kick and?

Restricts the blood entering the

Cardiac Tamponade

Fick equation CO= VO2/C(a-v)O2 x 10

Measured with CVP or Swans.2 to 6

Right atrium pressure. (RAP)

Measured with Swans.20 to 30/2 to 6

Right ventricle pressure. (RVP)

Measured with Swans.20 to 30/6 to

Pulmonary artery pressure. (PAP) 15 torr.Waveform has diacrotic

Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure. (PCWP) Measured with Swans. 4 to 12 torr.

EF= SV/EDV If in the 30% range

Ejection fraction.
intolerance to exersise.

PAP looks at? lungs.

PCWP looks at? Left heart.

Right atrial pressure or fluid levels.

CVP looks at?
Norm 2-6 torr.

Systemic Artery Blood Pressure (SABP)looks at? Blood pressure thoughout the body.

Amount of blood ejected with each

Ventricular stroke work.

CVP norm? 2-6torr.

Cardiac Output QT norm? 4-8 L/M

Cardiac Index (CI) 2.5-4.5

The stretch on the ventricle muscle

fibers before contraction.

The resistance of external factors

that oppose ventricular contraction.

Stroke volume is determined by? Preload, afterload, and contractility.

Preload is created by? End diastolic volume.

Pressures in the atrium will be the

If there is no narrowing or dysfunction of the
same as in the ventricles at the end
of diastole.

Atrial contraction is... 30% of cardiac output.

Afterloads two opposing factors? Tension and impedance.

Intrathoracic become more negative.(vacume Increases filling and increases

effect) resistance to emptying of ventricles.

Increase in Ca causes? spastic heart.

Decrease in K+ and Na causes? Atrial fibrillation.