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Hemodynamics

Question Answer

Total amount of blood volume in the venous


64%
system is?

Venous return is the amount of blood volume


Right heart.
returning to the?

CI is CO based on? Actual body size.

The amount of blood in the ventricle


End systolic pressure is?
after ejection.

The amount of blood in the ventricle


End diastolic pressure is?
after filling.

Indexed measurements allow the normals to be


standardized therefore account for the patients True.
different body sizes.

Patients who develop A-fib or 3rd degree heart


CO decreases.
block, lose their atrial kick and?

Restricts the blood entering the


Cardiac Tamponade
heart.

Fick equation CO= VO2/C(a-v)O2 x 10

Measured with CVP or Swans.2 to 6


Right atrium pressure. (RAP)
torr.

Measured with Swans.20 to 30/2 to 6


Right ventricle pressure. (RVP)
torr.

Measured with Swans.20 to 30/6 to


Pulmonary artery pressure. (PAP) 15 torr.Waveform has diacrotic
notch.

Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure. (PCWP) Measured with Swans. 4 to 12 torr.

EF= SV/EDV If in the 30% range


Ejection fraction.
intolerance to exersise.

PAP looks at? lungs.


PCWP looks at? Left heart.

Right atrial pressure or fluid levels.


CVP looks at?
Norm 2-6 torr.

Systemic Artery Blood Pressure (SABP)looks at? Blood pressure thoughout the body.

Amount of blood ejected with each


Ventricular stroke work.
beat.

CVP norm? 2-6torr.

Cardiac Output QT norm? 4-8 L/M

Cardiac Index (CI) 2.5-4.5

The stretch on the ventricle muscle


Preload
fibers before contraction.

The resistance of external factors


Afterload
that oppose ventricular contraction.

Stroke volume is determined by? Preload, afterload, and contractility.

Preload is created by? End diastolic volume.

Pressures in the atrium will be the


If there is no narrowing or dysfunction of the
same as in the ventricles at the end
valve...
of diastole.

Atrial contraction is... 30% of cardiac output.

Afterloads two opposing factors? Tension and impedance.

Intrathoracic become more negative.(vacume Increases filling and increases


effect) resistance to emptying of ventricles.

Increase in Ca causes? spastic heart.

Decrease in K+ and Na causes? Atrial fibrillation.