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# Diagram 8.

2
Rajah 8.2
............................................. ...............................................................................
..
. .
Reason
Sebab

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[2 marks / markah]

## (i) Double walled tube coated by

Tiub dinding dua lapis disaluti oleh:

……………………………………………..………..…………..……………...
Reason
Sebab

……………………………………………..………..…………..……………...
[2 marks/markah]
(iii) Vacuum space between two wall
Ruang vakum diantara dua dinding:

……………………………………………..……...…..…………..
……………..
Reason
Sebab
8(c)(iii)
……………………………………………..………..…...………..……………..
[2 marks/markah]
2

(d) Based on your answer in 8 (c), choose the most suitable cup to be used to
keep hot for a long time.
Berdasarkan jawapan anda di 8 (c), pilih cawan yang paling sesuai
digunakan untuk minuman sentiasa panas.
8(d)
……………………………………………..………..…………..……………...….…
[1 mark/markah] 2

Total A8

12
9. Diagram 9.1 and Diagram 9.2 show an aluminium block and a copper block of mass 1 kg
each is heated for 5 minutes using an immersion heater labelled 1000 W, 240 V. The rise of
temperature is recorded after it was heated for 5 minutes.
Rajah 9.1 dan Rajah 9.2 menunjukkan satu bongkah aluminium dan satu bongkah kuprum yang
masing-masing berjisim 1 kg dipanaskan selama 5 minit dengan pemanas rendam berlabel 1000
W, 240 V. Kenaikan suhu dicatatkan selepas pemanasan 5 minit dibuat.

Given:
Diberi:
Specific heat capacity of Aluminium is 902 J kg -1 ° C -1
Specific heat capacity of Copper is 385 J kg -1 ° C -1
Muatan Haba tentu Aluminium adalah 902 J kg -1 °C -1
Muatan Haba tentu Kuprum adalah 385 J kg -1 ° C -1

Diagram 9.1
Rajah 9.1

Diagram 9.2
Rajah 9.2

## (a) What is the meaning of temperature?

Apakah maksud suhu?
[1 mark/ markah]

## (b) By using Diagram 9.1 and Diagram 9.2,

Dengan menggunakan Rajah 9.1 dan Rajah 9.2,

(i) compare the mass, the rise of temperature and the specific heat capacity
of the two metal blocks.
bandingkan jisim, kenaikan suhu dan muatan haba tentu kedua-dua blok
logam itu.
[3 marks/ markah]

(ii) state the relationship between the specific heat capacity and the rise in
temperature of the metal blocks
nyatakan hubungan antara muatan haba tentu dan kenaikan suhu blok-
blok logam itu.
[ 1 mark/ markah]

(ii) state the physical quantity that must be constant to deduce the
relationship as in 9(b)(ii)
nyatakan kuantiti fizikal yang mesti dimalarkan untuk mendeduksikan
hubungan seperti dalam 9(b)(ii)
[1 mark/ markah]

## (c) A clinical thermometer is used to measure the temperature of a sick patient.

Explain how the temperature of a sick person can be measured using the clinical
thermometer.
Satu termometer klinik digunakan untuk mengukur suhu badan pesakit yang
demam . Terangkan bagaimana suhu badan seorang pesakit yang demam di
sukat dengan menggunakan termometer klinik itu.
[ 4 marks/ markah]

(d) Diagram 9.3 shows a thermometer used to measure the temperature of a liquid.
Rajah 9.3 menunjukkan satu termometer yang digunakan untuk mengukur suhu
suatu cecair.
Diagram 9.3
Rajah 9.3

You are required to modify the thermometer so that it will be more effective and
sensitive based on the aspects such as the type of liquid used in the thermometer,
type of material used for the body of the thermometer, diameter of
the capillary tube and the cross sectional shape of the thermometer’s body
viewed from the top.

## Anda dikehendaki mengubahsuai termometer itu supaya ianya lebih berkesan

dan sensitif berdasarkan kepada aspek-aspek seperti jenis cecair yang
digunakan dalam termometer, jenis bahan untuk binaan badan termometer,
diameter tiub rerambut dan bentuk keratan rentas badan termometer itu dilihat

[ 10 marks/ markah]

3. Diagram 3.1 shows a plastic bottle containing hot water. The plastic bottle is then put into a
basin of ice. They found that plastic bottle crumpled as shown in Diagram 3.2.
Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan sebotol bekas plastik yang mengandungi air panas. Botol plastik itu
kemudiannya diletakkan ke dalam sebuah besen yang mengandungi ais. Mereka mendapati
bahawa botol itu kemek seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 3.2.

## Hot water Ice

Air panas Ais
Rajah 3.1

Rajah 3.2
Based on the observation on Diagram 3.1 and Diagram 3.2 and using your knowledge of the
gas laws:
Berdasarkan pemerhatian anda pada Rajah 3.1 dan Rajah 3.2 dan menggunakan
pengetahuan anda tentang hukum gas:

## (a) State one suitable inference. [1 mark]

Nyatakan satu inferens yang sesuai. [1 markah]

## (b) State one suitable hypothesis. [1 mark]

Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang sesuai. [1 markah]

(c) With the use of apparatus such as bourdon gauge and other apparatus, describe an
experiment to investigate the hypothesis stated in 3(b).
eksperimen untuk menyiasat hipotesis yang dinyatakan di 3(b).
In your description, state clearly the following:
Dalam penerangan anda nyatakan dengan jelas perkara-perkara berikut:

## (i) Aim of the experiment

Tujuan eksperimen.
(ii) Variables in the experiment.
Pembolehubah dalam eksperimen.
(iii) List of apparatus and materials.
(iv) Arrangement of the apparatus.
(v) The procedure of the experiment which include one method of controlling the
manipulated variable and one method of measuring the responding variable.
Prosedur eksperimen termasuk satu kaedah mengawal pembolehubah
dimanipulasikan dan satu kaedah mengukur pembolehubah bergerak balas.

## (vii) The way you would analyse the data.

Cara untuk menganalisis data.

[10 marks]
[10 markah]
4. Diagram below shows the loudness of the sound of a speaker.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan kekuatan bunyi sebuah pembesar suara.

Diagram 4.1
Rajah 4.1

Diagram 4.2
Rajah 4.2

Diagram 4.1 shows the speaker of the radio produce the low sound when
the volume is set at 10%.
Diagram 4.2 shows the same radio produce the high sound when the
volume is set at 90%.
menghasilkan bunyi yang perlahan apabila pelaras suara di
menghasilkan bunyi yang kuat apabila pelaras suara di tetapkan pada
90%.

## Based on the above information and observation:

Berdasarkan pernyataan dan pemerhatian di atas:

## (a) State one suitable inference. [1

mark]
Nyatakan satu inferens yang sesuai. [1 markah]

## (b) State one suitable hypothesis. [1 mark]

Nyatakan satu hipotesis yang sesuai. [1 markah]

(c) With the use of apparatus such as insulated wire, soft iron core
and other apparatus, describe an experiment to investigate the
hypothesis stated in 4(b). Dengan menggunakan radas seperti
terangkan satu eksperimen untuk menyiasat hipotesis yang
dinyatakan di 4(b).

## In your description, state clearly the following:

Dalam penerangan anda, jelaskan perkara berikut:
(i) Aim of the experiment.
Tujuan eksperimen.
(ii) Variables in the experiment.
Pembolehubah dalam eksperimen.
(iii) List of apparatus and materials.
(iv) Arrangement of the apparatus.
(v) The procedure used in the experiment which should
include one method of controlling the manipulated
variable and one method of measuring the responding
variable.
Prosedur eksperimen yang mesti termasuk satu
kaedah mengawal pembolehubah dimanipulasikan
dan satu kaedah mengukur pembolehubah bergerak
balas.
(vi) The way you would tabulate the data.