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ALPES TECHNOLOGIES Capacitors department

LOW VOLTAGE CAPACITORS


AND CAPACITOR BANKS
Selecting the reactive energy
I
compensation system 3

II Selecting the capacitor type 4

III ALPIVAR 6

C o n t e n t s
IV ALPIBLOC 10

V KITS : Panels, Racks, Power factor controllers… 12

VI ALPIMATIC 16

VII ALPISTATIC 20

VIII SPECIAL RANGES 27

Protective circuit breaker and connection


IX cable selection table for capacitors 28

1
Selecting the reactive energy
compensation system I
Reactive energy compensation at low voltage can use one of two systems :
● fixed system
● automatic system

The choice depends on the following criterion:

QC
ST

≤ 15 % > 15 %
fixed system automatic
system

ST (kVA) power rating of the H.V./L.V. transformer


QC (kvar) power rating of the capacitor bank

Example 1:

QC = 80 kvar QC
= 10 % fixed system
ST = 800 kVA ST

Example 2:

QC = 160 kvar QC
= 20 % automatic system
ST = 800 kVA ST

For more detailed information please consult our GENERAL INFORMATION brochure.

3
II Selecting the capacitor type
Reactive energy compensation means that the capacitor must be adapted to the intrinsic
characteristics of the corresponding mains network (voltage, frequency, cos ϕ, etc.). However, the
increasing presence of harmonics in the mains supply means that the capacitor must also be
adapted to the degree of interference and the final performance desired by the customer.
Depending on the degree of interference or harmonics, four “types” of capacitor are available:
• standard type
• H type (duty type)
• SAH type (anti-harmonic reactors)
• FH type (harmonic filters)

Degree of
interference

SH
ST

≤ 15 % 15 to 25 % > 25 %

standard H SAH FH

SH (kVA) is the weighted total power of the harmonic generators present at the
transformer secondary.
ST (kVA) is the power rating of the H.V./L.V. transformer

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Final performance II

Type Symbol Reactive Harmonic Mains


compensation protection of interference
capacitor control

Standard yes yes ➡ 15 % no

H yes yes ➡ 25 % no

SAH yes yes ➡ 100 % yes – partial

FH yes yes ➡ 100 % yes – total

FH type capacitors generally require measurements to be taken on site in order to obtain a precise definition of
the ranking and amplitudes of harmonic currents.
This service is performed by ALPES TECHNOLOGIES.

For more detailed information please consult our GENERAL INFORMATION brochure

5
Fixed system

III ALPIVAR® general information

ALPIVAR® : the vacuum technology capacitor


■ DESIGN

Alpivar patented capacitors are totally dry units with no impregnation or insulation liquid.
They are designed by assembling individual single-phase coils, coupled in a delta arrangement to
obtain a three-phase unit.
The coils are produced from two films of polypropylene with zinc plating on one side:
• The metal plating forms the electrode
• The polypropylene film forms the insulator.

All coils are then coated under vacuum into self-extinguishing thermoset polyurethane resin which
forms the casing, providing mechanical and electrical protections.

ALPES TECHNOLOGIES’ unique vacuum potting technique ensures that Alpivar capacitors have excellent
resistance over time and much longer service life than conventional units.
Vacuum potting ensures that no air or humidity remains close to the coils after coating. This design
provides excellent resistance to overvoltages and partial discharges.
Furthermore, the unit complies fully with environmental protection requirements (no PCB). No insulation
or impregnation liquid is used in the Alpivar capacitor.

■ PRESENTATION

Monobloc or modular, Alpivar capacitors meet all user requirements. The modular version in
particular can be quickly and easily assembled to produce units with various power ratings, enabling
integrators and distributors to make significant savings on storage costs.

■ INSTALLATION

The compact format simplifies installation and significantly reduces cubicle or rack costs. The casing
is particularly resistant to all solvents and atmospheric agents (rain, sun, salty air, etc.).
Alpivar capacitors are thus particularly suitable for installations:
Monobloc • outdoors (on poles)
• in a corrosive atmosphere

■ CONNECTION

• the terminal blocks are easily accessible on the top of the unit, making Alpivar capacitors
particularly easy to connect
• the use of socket-type terminals enables cable and eye connections to be made directly to the unit’s
various ranges.
• Alpivar capacitors are double-insulated or class 2 units, which do not need earthing.

Modular

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Fixed system

electrical characteristics
III
■ INTERNAL PROTECTION
• self-healing dielectric: this is a result of the characteristics of the metal deposit which forms the electrode and the nature of the
insulating support (polypropylene film).
This special manufacturing technique avoids blowing the capacitor due to overvoltages. The dielectric is perforated when overvoltage
occurs, causing discharges which vaporise the metal around the short circuit and instantaneously restore electrical insulation
• electrical fuse: one per coil
• Over prossure disconnecting device: if an electrical fault cannot be overcome by the self-healing dielectric or the electrical fuse, gas
is emitted, deforming a membrane and taking the defective coil out of the circuit.
These three protection mechanisms, associated with the under vacuum coated coils (technique patented by ALPES TECHNOLOGIES),
form a highly advanced unit.

■ DISCHARGE RESISTORS
The discharge resistors enable the unit to be discharged in compliance with applicable standards. They are fitted externally on the
connection terminals to enable visual inspection.
■ LOSS FACTOR -3
Alpivar capacitors have a loss factor of less than 0,1 x 10 . This leads to a total wattage consumption of less than 0.3 W per kvar
including the discharge resistors.
■ CAPACITANCE
Tolerance on the capacitance value: ± 5%
Our manufacturing process, which avoids any air inclusions in the coils, ensures that the capacitance remains exceptionally stable
throughout the service life of the Alpivar capacitor.
■ MAX. PERMISSIBLE VOLTAGE 1.18 Un continuous (24 h/24)
■ MAX. PERMISSIBLE CURRENT
• standard type : 1.5 In
• H type : 2 In

■ INSULATION CLASS
• withstand 1 minute at 50 Hz : 6 kV
• withstand 1.2/50 µs shock wave : 25 kV
■ STANDARDS
Alpivar capacitors comply with the following standards:
• French standard : NF C54 108 and 109
• European standard : EN 60831-1 and 2
• International standard : IEC 60831-1 and 2
• Canadian standard : CSA 22-2 No. 190
• US standard : UL 810
• end-of-life behaviour tests passed successfully in EDF and LCIE laboratories
■ TEMPERATURE CLASS
Alpivar capacitors are designed for a standard temperature rating of -40 / +55°C
• maximum temperature : 55°C
• average over 24 hours : 45°C
• annual average : 35°C
• other temperature classes on request

SUMMARY OF TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS


• Double insulation or class 2 : no earthing needed, provides total safety for personnel.
• Totally dry (no added oil) : no risk of leakage or fire, may be installed in all positions.
• Self-extinguishing polyurethane resin casing : highly robust, compact, non-corrosive, outdoor installation possible on request.
• Monobloc or modular : with copper connections between the various elements (risk of corrosion, loosening or overheating totally eliminated).
• Coils coated under vacuum (specific to Alpivar) : the absence of air and humidity around the coils guarantees Alpivar’s high quality.
• Internal electrical protection for each coil using :
❋ self-healing metallized polypropylene film
❋ electrical fuse
❋ over pressure disconnecting device

7
Fixed system

ALPIVAR range
III
■ Standard type
• Nominal voltage 230 V, 50 Hz, three-phase
Capacitor Terminal cover Connection
cable outlet Nominal Reference Dimensions Weight
power W1 (mm) W2 (kg)
(kvar)
55

5 VCB 523 90 70 3,5


10 VCB 1023 90 70 3,5
15 VCB 1523 180 156 7
20 VCB 2023 180 156 7
220
275

25 VCB 2523 270 244 10,5


30 VCB 3023 270 244 10,5
40 VCB 4023 360 332 14
50 VCB 5023 450 419 17,5
60 VCB 6023 540 506 21

4 attachment holes
φ 6.5 mm
• Nominal voltage 400 V, 50 Hz, three-phase
Connection Discharge
terminals resistors
Nominal Reference Dimensions Weight
power W1 (mm) W2 (kg)
(kvar)
5 VCB 540 90 70 3,5
10 VCB 1040 90 70 3,5
15 VCB 1540 90 70 3,5
208
225

20 VCB 2040 90 70 3,5


25 VCB 2540 90 70 3,5
30 VCB 3040 180 156 7
40 VCB 4040 180 156 7
50 VCB 5040 180 156 7
60 VCB 6040 270 244 10,5
W2
75 VCB 7540 270 244 10,5
W1
80 VCB 8040 360 332 14
100 VCB 10040 360 332 14
125 VCB 12540 450 419 17,5

• Nominal voltage 415 V, 50 Hz, three-phase


Integrated connection cable

Nominal Reference Dimensions Weight


ALPIVAR
power W1 (mm) W2 (kg)
(kvar)
6,25 VCB 6415 90 70 3,5
ALPIVAR attachment support
10 VCB 10415 90 70 3,5
12,5 VCB 12415 90 70 3,5
15 VCB 15415 90 70 3,5
20 VCB 20415 90 70 3,5
25 VCB 25415 90 70 3,5
30 VCB 30415 180 156 7
40 VCB 40415 180 156 7
50 VCB 50415 180 156 7
60 VCB 60415 270 244 10,5
75 VCB 75415 270 244 10,5
100 VCB 100415 360 332 14
POLE-MOUNTED ALPIVAR 125 VCB 125415 450 419 17,5

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Fixed system

ALPIVAR range
III
■ H type or Duty type
• Nominal voltage 440 V, 50 Hz, three-phase

Power Nominal Reference Dimensions Weight


delivered at 400 V power W1 (mm) W2 (kg)
(kvar) (kvar)
5 6,25 VCB 644 90 70 3,5
10 12,5 VCB 1244 90 70 3,5
12,5 15 VCB 1544 90 70 3,5
16,5 20 VCB 2044 90 70 3,5
20 25 VCB 2544 90 70 3,5
25 30 VCB 3044 180 156 7
33 40 VCB 4044 180 156 7
40 50 VCB 5044 180 156 7
50 60 VCB 6044 270 244 10,5
60 75 VCB 7544 270 244 10,5
66 80 VCB 8044 360 332 14
75 90 VCB 9044 360 332 14
80 100 VCB10044 360 332 14
100 125 VCB 12544 450 419 17,5

■ Anti-harmonic reactors or SAH type


• Nominal voltage 440 V, 50 Hz, three-phase
• Alpivar SAH type units consist of Alpivar capacitors combined with anti-harmonic
reactors, mounted and wired in IP 315 cabinets.

Power Nominal Reference Dimensions Weight


delivered at 400 V power W X D X H (mm) (kg)
(kvar) (kvar)
cabinet
25 30 VS 3044 600 x 500 x 1400 100
50 60 VS 6044 600 x 500 x 1400 120
75 90 VS 9044 600 x 500 x 1400 140
100 120 VS 12044 600 x 500 x 1400 160
125 150 VS 15044 800 x 500 x 2100 200
160 200 VS 20044 800 x 500 x 2100 230
200 250 VS 25044 800 x 500 x 2100 260
240 300 VS 30044 800 x 500 x 2100 290
280 350 VS 35044 800 x 500 x 2100 320

■ Harmonic filter or FH type : consult us

9
Fixed system

IV ALPIBLOC
ALPIBLOC units comprise ALPIVAR capacitor with built-in circuit breakers, mounted and wired in
boxes or IP315 cabinets.
These ready-to-connect units are designed for fixed compensation of low and medium-powered
electrical equipment.
For some applications (e.g. remote control) the circuit breaker may be replaced by a contactor and
HRC fuses.
Temperature class :
• Operating –10/+45° C (average over 24 h : 40° C)
• Storage –30/+ 60° C

ALPIBLOC range

■ Standard type
• Nominal voltage 400 V, 50 Hz, three-phase

Nominal Reference Circuit breaker Dimensions Weight


power Icu W X D X H (mm) (kg)
(kvar) (kA)
10 B 1040 10 190 x 230 x 380 5
15 B 1540 10 190 x 230 x 380 5
20 B 2040 10 190 x 230 x 380 5
25 B 2540 10 190 x 230 x 380 10
30 B 3040 10 190 x 230 x 380 10
40 B 4040 16 365 x 230 x 380 12
50 B 5040 16 365 x 230 x 380 15
60 B 6040 16 365 x 230 x 380 15
75 B 7540 16 365 x 230 x 380 20
80 B 8040 16 365 x 230 x 380 20
100 B 10040 35 540 x 230 x 380 28
125 B 12540 35 540 x 230 x 380 30

■ H type - Duty type


• Nominal voltage 440 V, 50 Hz, three-phase

Power Nominal Reference Circuit breaker Dimensions Weight


delivered at 400 V power Icu W X D X H (mm) (kg)
(kvar) (kvar) (kA)

10 12,5 B 1244 10 190 x 230 x 380 5


12,5 15 B 1544 10 190 x 230 x 380 5
16,5 20 B 2044 10 190 x 230 x 380 5
20 25 B 2544 10 190 x 230 x 380 5
25 30 B 3044 10 190 x 230 x 380 10
33 40 B 4044 16 365 x 230 x 380 12
40 50 B 5044 16 365 x 230 x 380 15
50 60 B 6044 16 365 x 230 x 380 15
60 70 B 7044 16 365 x 230 x 380 20
66 80 B 8044 16 365 x 230 x 380 20
75 90 B 9044 35 540 x 230 x 380 25
80 100 B 10044 35 540 x 230 x 380 28
100 125 B 12544 35 540 x 230 x 380 30

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Fixed system

ALPIBLOC range
IV
■ Anti-harmonic reactors or SAH type
• Nominal voltage 440 V, 50 Hz, three-phase
• ALPIBLOC SAH type units consist of Alpivar capacitors combined with anti-harmonic
reactors and a main circuit breaker, mounted and wired in IP 315 cabinets.

Power Nominal Reference Circuit breaker Dimensions Weight


delivered at 400 V power Icu W X D X H (mm) (kg)
(kvar) (kvar) (kA)
cabinet
25 30 BS 3044 10 600 x 500 x 1400 110
50 60 BS 6044 16 600 x 500 x 1400 150
75 90 BS 9044 35 600 x 500 x 1900 170
100 120 BS 12044 35 600 x 500 x 1900 180
125 150 BS 15044 35 800 x 500 x 2100 200
160 200 BS 20044 35 800 x 500 x 2100 230
200 250 BS 25044 35 800 x 500 x 2100 260
240 300 BS 30044 35 800 x 500 x 2100 290
280 350 BS 35044 50 800 x 500 x 2100 320

■ Harmonic Filter or FH type : consult us

Rank 5 harmonic filter (250 Hz), 900 kvar – 500 V


Filtering capacity – Harmonic 5: 600 A

NOTE: the Icu rating of the circuit breakers can be modified on request.

11
Automatic system

V COMPENSATION KITS
Compensation kits comprise :
• ALPIVAR panels : standard type and H type
• ALPIVAR racks : SAH type
• accessories for panels and racks
• power factor controllers

ALPIVAR panels and racks are factory wired units designed to be integrated in universal cabinets as
part of automatic compensation systems.
Temperature class :
• Operating –10/+45° C (average over 24 h : 40° C)
• Storage –30/+ 60° C

Alpivar panel range


■ Standard type
• Nominal voltage 400 V, 50 Hz, three-phase

Nominal Reference Weight


power (kg)
(kvar)

10 P5.5 - 1040 5
10 + 10 P5.5 - 10 + 1040 10
20 P5.5 - 2040 8
20 + 20 P5.5 - 20 + 2040 16
20 + 40 P5.5 - 20 + 4040 19
40 P5.5 - 4040 14
40 + 40 P5.5 - 40 + 4040 23
80 P5.5 - 8040 22

12,5 P5.5 - 1240 6


12,5 + 12,5 P5.5 - 12 + 1240 11
25 P5.5 - 2540 9
25 + 25 P5.5 - 25 + 2540 16
25 + 50 P5.5 - 25 + 5040 22
50 P5.5 - 5040 16
75 P5.5 - 7540 22

15 P5.5 - 1540 7
15 + 15 P5.5 - 15 + 1540 13
30 P5.5 - 3040 10
30 + 30 P5.5 - 30 + 3040 20
60 P5.5 - 6040 19

Junction bars
Attachment slots
14 X 7 mm Attachment holes
ø 7 mm
200

150
248

160 240 500


525
400
550

ALPES TECHNOLOGIES
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Automatic system

V
■ H type or Duty type
• Nominal voltage 440 V, 50 Hz, three-phase
Power Nominal Reference Weight
delivered at 400 V power (kg)
(kvar) (kvar)

10 12,5 P5.5 - 1244 6


10 + 10 12,5 + 12,5 P5.5 - 12 + 1244 12
20 25 P5.5 - 2544 10
20 + 20 25 + 25 P5.5 - 25 + 2544 20
20 + 40 25 + 50 P5.5 - 25 + 5044 23
40 50 P5.5 - 5044 16
60 75 P5.5 - 7544 22
80 100 P5.5 - 10044 24

12,5 15 P5.5 - 1544 7


12,5 + 12,5 15 + 15 P5.5 - 15 + 1544 14
25 30 P5.5 - 3044 10
25 + 50 30 +60 P5.5 - 30 + 6044 23
50 60 P5.5 - 6044 17
75 90 P5.5 - 9044 23

16,5 20 P5.5 - 2044 8


16,5 + 16,5 20 + 20 P5.5 - 20 + 2044 16
16,5 + 33 20 + 40 P5.5 - 20 + 4044 19
33 40 P5.5 - 4044 14
33 + 33 40 + 40 P5.5 - 40 + 4044 23
66 80 P5.5 - 8044 22

Junction bars
Attachment slots
14 X 7 mm Attachment hole
ø 7 mm
200

150
248

160 240 500


525
400
550

■ Composition of Alpivar panels


- 1 ALPIVAR capacitor
- 1 contactor suitable for handling capacitive currents
- 1 set of 3 HRC fuses
- 1 set of modular copper busbars with junction bars
for connecting several panels in parallel
- 1 steel frame on which the components are assembled and wired.

13
V
Alpivar rack range

■ Anti-harmonic reactors or SAH type


• Nominal voltage 440 V, 50 Hz, three-phase

Power Nominal Reference Weight


delivered at 400 V power (kg)
(kvar) (kvar)

6,25 7,5 R4.6 - 744 20


6,25 + 6,25 7,5 + 7,5 R4.6 - 7 + 744 25
12,5 15 R4.6 - 1544 30
12,5 + 12,5 15 + 15 R4.6 - 15 + 1544 35
25 30 R4.6 - 3044 40
50 60 R4.6 - 6044 60

20 25 R7 - 2544 35
40 50 R7 - 5044 50
80 100 R7 - 10044 80

Note: only racks of the same type (R4.6 or R7) can be coupled together.

■ Composition of the rack


- 1 Alpivar capacitor
- 1 contactor suitable for handling capacitive currents
- 1 anti harmonic reactor with thermal protection
- 1 set of 3 HRC fuses
- 1 set of modular copper busbars with junction bars
for connecting several panels in parallel
- 1 steel frame on which the components are assembled and wired.

Junction bars
325

325

460 700

Attachment slots Attachment holes


24 X 8,2 ø : 8,2
Rack attachment
460

375

460

375

R 4.6 R7

425 665

460 700

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Automatic system

I
V
Accessories for panels and racks

for panel or rack sets


- one set of three copper studs (30 x 10) with screws for customer connection : Part No. PRC 3010

for panels and racks


- IP 2X protection against direct contact with parts under power (busbars, HRC fuses, etc.) : Part No. KIT 2X

Power factor controllers

DCRE Power factor controllers use a microprocessor to provide digital control of capacitor banks. This
technology enables the power factor (Cos ϕ) to be measured and read accurately and reliably even on
networks with strong harmonic interference.

■ GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
• flush mounting
• protection index IP 41
• operating temperature: -10 / +60°C
• standards: IEC 60255-5 and 6
IEC 60068-2 and 6
EN 50081-1 and 50082-2
• part numbers for different sizes of capacitor bank
DCRE 5 : 5 steps

DCRE 7 : 7 steps

❋ DCRE 12 : 12 steps
• dimensions and weight
DCRE 5 : 96 x 96 x 62 (mm) - 0,36 kg

DCRE 7 : 144 x 144 x 62 (mm) - 0,67 kg

❋ DCRE 12 : 144 x 144 x 62 (mm) - 0,67 kg

■ ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
• Current input by C.T
❋ primary: rating depending on installation
❋ secondary: 5 A (1 A on request)
❋ power: 10 VA (recommended) – class 1

• Voltage input
❋ direct as standard: 380 / 415 V
❋ direct on request: 220 / 240 V
❋ external transformer for other voltages

• Frequency 50 / 60 Hz
■ SPECIFIC CHARACTERISTICS
• current transformer connection direction irrelevant
• phase rotation direction irrelevant
• connection:
❋ C.T on one phase: L1
❋ voltage on the other two phases: L2 and L3

• dry contact alarm outputs


■ SETTINGS AND PARAMETERS
• Cos ϕ: 0.85 ind. to 0.95 cap.
• Staging: all possible combinations: 1.1.1 / 1.2.2.2 / 1.2.3.4 / etc.
• Adjustable reconnection time for a given step
• Adjustable trigger time for all steps
Note: consult us for power factor controller for standalone power generation units
(micro power plant, wind turbine, etc.)

For more detailed information, consult our manual DCRE

15
Automatic system

VI ALPIMATIC
ALPIMATIC capacitor banks are automatic banks using electromechanical switching. They comprise
panels or racks:
• panels for M series (standard and H ranges)
• racks for MS series (SAH range)
The units and their power factor controller are integrated in cabinets.

■ GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
• IP 315 box or cabinet
• protection of parts under power against direct contact: IP 2X
• temperature class
❋ operation: -10 / +45°C (average over 24 hours: 40°C)

❋ storage: -30 / +60°C

• ventilation: natural or forced depending on power rating


• colour: grey cabinet (RAL 7032)
black base
• standards: EN 60439-1,
IEC 60439-1 and 2

■ SPECIFIC CHARACTERISTICS
• fully modular design for easy extension and maintenance
• power factor controller with simplified commissioning procedure
• extendable cabinet :
❋ standard for main power ratings

❋ optional for others

• cables enter at the bottom (at the top on request)

■ ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
• Insulation class: 0.66 kV (tested at 2.5 kV, 50 Hz for one minute)
• built-in power supply for auxiliary circuits
• built-in connection terminal block for brown-out contact (generator unit, etc.)
• possible remote alarm output

■ OPTIONS
• protection circuit breaker
• fixed step
• adder-type current transformer

■ CONNECTIONS
Allow for: • power cables as per table on page 28
• current transformer to be located on phase L1 of the facility, upline from all receivers
and the capacitor bank.
❋ primary: rating depending on installation

❋ secondary: 5 A (1 A on request)

❋ power: 10 VA (recommended) – class 1

• note: this transformer can be supplied separately on request.

ALPES TECHNOLOGIES
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Automatic system

ALPIMATIC range
VI
■ Standard type
• nominal voltage 400 V 50 Hz three-phase
Nominal Electrical Reference Dimensions Weight Possible
power steps W X D X H (mm) (kg) extensions
(kvar) (kvar) (kvar)

box
12,5 5 x 2,5 M 1240 250 x 350 x 650 40 on request
15 3x5 M 1540 250 x 350 x 650 40 on request
20 4x5 M 2040 250 x 350 x 650 40 on request
25 5x5 M 2540 250 x 350 x 650 40 on request
30 6x5 M 3040 250 x 350 x 650 45 on request
35 7x5 M 3540 250 x 350 x 650 45 on request
40 4 x 10 M 4040 250 x 350 x 650 45 on request
45 3 x 15 M 4540 250 x 350 x 650 45 on request
50 5 x 10 M 5040 250 x 350 x 650 45 on request
60 3 x 20 M 6040 250 x 350 x 650 50 on request
cabinet
75 3 x 25 M 7540 350 x 500 x 1000 75 on request
87,5 7 x 12,5 M 8740 350 x 500 x 1000 75 on request
100 4 x 25 M 10040 350 x 500 x 1000 80 on request
125 5 x 25 M 12540 350 x 500 x 1000 90 on request
cabinet
140 7 x 20 M 14040 600 x 500 x 1400 110 160
160 4 x 40 M 16040 600 x 500 x 1400 125 160
180 9 x 20 M 18040 600 x 500 x 1400 140 80
200 5 x 40 M 20040 600 x 500 x 1400 150 80
220 11 x 20 M 22040 600 x 500 x 1400 160 80
240 6 x 40 M 24040 600 x 500 x 1400 170 80
260 13 x 20 M 26040 600 x 500 x 1400 180 on request
280 7 x 40 M 28040 600 x 500 x 1400 190 on request
300 15 x 20 M 30040 600 x 500 x 1400 200 on request
320 8 x 40 M 32040 600 x 500 x 1400 210 on request
cabinet
360 9 x 40 M 36040 600 x 500 x 1900 250 80
400 10 x 40 M 40040 600 x 500 x 1900 270 80
440 11 x 40 M 44040 600 x 500 x 1900 290 on request
480 12 x 40 M 48040 600 x 500 x 1900 310 on request
cabinet
520 13 x 40 M 52040 1200 x 500 x 1400 370 80
560 14 x 40 M 56040 1200 x 500 x 1400 400 80
600 15 x 40 M 60040 1200 x 500 x 1400 430 on request
640 16 x 40 M 64040 1200 x 500 x 1400 450 on request
cabinet
720 9 x 80 M 72040 1200 x 500 x 1900 500 240
800 10 x 80 M 80040 1200 x 500 x 1900 540 160

Consult us for dimensions of cabinets with built-in circuit breakers

17
Automatic system

ALPIMATIC range
VI
■ H type or Duty type
• nominal voltage 440 V 50 Hz three-phase

Power Nominal Electrical Reference Dimensions Weight Possible


delivered power steps W X D X H (mm) (kg) extensions
at 400 V (kvar) (kvar) (kvar)
(kvar)

box
12,5 15 5x3 M 1544 250 x 350 x 750 40 on request
15 18 3 x 6,25 M 1844 250 x 350 x 750 40 on request
20 25 4 x 6,25 M 2544 250 x 350 x 750 40 on request
25 31,25 5 x 6,25 M 3144 250 x 350 x 750 40 on request
30 37,5 6 x 6,25 M 3744 250 x 350 x 750 45 on request
35 43,75 7 x 6,25 M 4344 250 x 350 x 750 45 on request
40 50 4 x 12,5 M 5044 250 x 350 x 750 45 on request
45 55 3 x 18 M 5544 250 x 350 x 750 45 on request
50 62,5 5 x 12,5 M 6244 250 x 350 x 750 45 on request
60 75 3 x 25 M 7544 250 x 350 x 650 50 on request
cabinet
75 90 5 x 18 M 9044 350 x 500 x 1000 80 on request
87,5 105 7 x 15 M 10544 350 x 500 x 1000 90 on request
100 125 5 x 25 M 12544 350 x 500 x 1000 110 on request
120 150 6 x 25 M 15044 350 x 500 x 1000 110 on request
cabinet
140 175 7 x 25 M 17544 600 x 500 x 1400 125 200
160 200 4 x 50 M 20044 600 x 500 x 1400 125 200
180 225 9 x 25 M 22544 600 x 500 x 1400 135 100
200 250 5 x 50 M 25044 600 x 500 x 1400 150 100
220 275 11 x 25 M 27544 600 x 500 x 1400 160 100
240 300 6 x 50 M 30044 600 x 500 x 1400 170 100
260 325 13 x 25 M 32544 600 x 500 x 1400 180 on request
280 350 7 x 50 M 35044 600 x 500 x 1400 190 on request
300 375 15 x 25 M 37544 600 x 500 x 1400 200 on request
320 400 8 x 50 M 40044 600 x 500 x 1400 210 on request
cabinet
360 450 9 x 50 M 45044 600 x 500 x 1900 250 100
400 500 10 x 50 M 50044 600 x 500 x 1900 270 100
440 550 11 x 50 M 55044 600 x 500 x 1900 290 on request
480 600 12 x 50 M 60044 600 x 500 x 1900 310 on request
cabinet
520 650 13 x 50 M 65044 1200 x 500 x 1400 370 100
560 700 14 x 50 M 70044 1200 x 500 x 1400 400 100
600 750 15 x 50 M 75044 1200 x 500 x 1400 430 on request
640 800 16 x 50 M 80044 1200 x 500 x 1400 450 on request
cabinet
720 900 9 x 100 M 90044 1200 x 500 x 1900 500 300
800 1000 10 x 100 M 100044 1200 x 500 x 1900 540 200

Consult us for dimensions of cabinets with built-in circuit breakers

ALPES TECHNOLOGIES
18
Automatic system

ALPIMATIC range
VI
■ Anti-harmonic reactors or SAH type
• nominal voltage 440 V 50 Hz three-phase
Power Nominal Electrical Reference Dimensions Weight Possible
delivered power steps W XD X H (mm) (kg) extensions
at 400 V (kvar) (kvar) (kvar)
(kvar)

cabinet
25 30 4 x 7,5 MS 3044 600 x 500 x 1400 90 30
37,5 45 6 x 7,5 MS 4544 600 x 500 x 1400 110 30
50 60 4 x 15 MS 6044 600 x 500 x 1400 130 30
62,5 75 5 x 15 MS 7544 600 x 500 x 1400 150 on request
75 90 3 x 30 MS 9044 600 x 500 x 1400 170 60
100 120 4 x 30 MS 12044 600 x 500 x 1400 210 on request
125 150 5 x 30 MS 15044 600 x 500 x 1400 240 on request

160 200 4 x 50 MS 20044 800 x 500 x 2100 300 200


200 250 5 x 50 MS 25044 800 x 500 x 2100 340 200
240 300 6 x 50 MS 30044 800 x 500 x 2100 370 100
280 350 7 x 50 MS 35044 800 x 500 x 2100 400 100
320 400 8 x 50 MS 40044 800 x 500 x 2100 430 on request
360 450 9 x 50 MS 45044 800 x 500 x 2100 470 on request
400 500 5 x 100 MS 50044 800 x 500 x 2100 520 on request

440 550 11 x 50 MS 55044 1600 x 500 x 2100 600 400


480 600 6 x 100 MS 60044 1600 x 500 x 2100 630 400
520 650 13 x 50 MS 65044 1600 x 500 x 2100 670 300
560 700 7 x 100 MS 70044 1600 x 500 x 2100 700 300
600 750 15 x 50 MS 75044 1600 x 500 x 2100 730 200
640 800 8 x 100 MS 80044 1600 x 500 x 2100 800 200
720 900 9 x 100 MS 90044 1600 x 500 x 2100 860 100
800 1000 10 x 100 MS 100044 1600 x 500 x 2100 1000 on request
Consult us for dimensions of cabinets with built-in circuit breakers

■ Harmonic filter or FH type : consult us

Rank 5 (250 Hz) and 7 (350 Hz) harmonic filter, 500 kvar – 400 V
Filtering capacity – Harmonic 5 : 350 A – Harmonic 7 : 250 A

19
Automatic system

VII ALPISTATIC

ALPES TECHNOLOGIES, one of the leaders in reactive energy compensation and harmonic filtering,
offers a new automatic capacitor bank concept : ALPISTATIC

ALPISTATIC is a low voltage real-time reactive power compensation unit using solid state switches.

To face increasingly sophisticated industrial processes including large numbers of devices sensitive to
voltage variations (PLCs, industrial computers, etc.) or having ultra-fast cycles (robots, welding
machines, variable speed drives, etc.), ALPES TECHNOLOGIES developed ALPISTATIC.
ALPISTATIC is a “soft, fast” reactive energy compensation system suitable for this new generation of
receiving devices.

ALPISTATIC has three main advantages compared with conventional systems using electromechanical
switching :
• no transient currents when capacitors are triggered which might cause voltage
deeps.
• no transient excess voltages or triggering of capacitors due to difficulties in cutting
off the electrical arc.
• very short response time: 40 milliseconds max.

ALPISTATIC is primarily designed for :


• compensation for the power factor (cos ϕ) of main low voltage switchboards
• consumers wishing to reduce their total electricity consumption
• independent energy generators to optimise units (generator units, etc.).

ALPISTATIC is particularly suitable for providing compensation for receivers :


• which do not accept transient currents or voltage (PLCs, computer equipment, ...)
• with ultra-fast cycles (welding machines, lifts, robots, variable speed drives, ...)
• with pulsating torques (roll mills, compressors, reciprocating saws, ...)
• which generate flicker (devices with extremely inductive loads, arc furnaces,
welding machines, ...)

ALPES TECHNOLOGIES
20
Automatic system

main characteristics compared


VII

SENSITIVE DATA ALPISTATIC CONVENTIONAL

Presence of electromechanical contactors No Yes

Wear of moving parts No Yes

Contact bounce phenomenon No Possible

Contact fatigue None High

Transient excess currents No Yes (may exceed 200 In)


when stages are triggered or released

Transient under-voltages None Yes (up to 100%)

Compatibility Excellent Average


(PLCs, computer equipment, etc.)

Compatibility Excellent Poor


(welding machines, generators, etc.)

Trigger and release response time 40 milliseconds max. approx. 30 seconds

Number of operations Unlimited Limited


(electromechanical contactor)

Sound level during operation None Low (electromechanical contactor)

Reduced flicker Yes (for highly inductive loads) No

Creation of harmonics No No

ALPISTATIC type SAH

21
Automatic system

Network voltage and current


when coupling and uncoupling a capacitor stage
VII
■ Conventional switching using electromechanical contactors

Coupling a stage Uncoupling a stage

• during switching, the following may occur :


❋ transient overcurrents exceeding 200 In
❋ significant transient over and under-voltages
These disturbances may lead to malfunctions on control equipment (PLCs, industrial computers, ...).

■ Soft switching using ALPISTATIC solid state contactors

Coupling a stage Uncoupling a stage

• soft switching using Alpistatic solid state contactors prevents network disturbance
• the reaction speed (40 milliseconds) ensures that power is controlled immediately

ALPES TECHNOLOGIES
22
Automatic system

VII
ALPISTATIC COMPOSITION AND CHARACTERISTICS

ALPISTATIC includes:
• a capacitor bank split into several steps depending on the compensator power rating
• one three-pole solid state contactor per step (cutting all three phases)
• fan-cooled heat sink on each solid state contactor
• standard type and duty type : 3 single phase damping reactors providing
protection of the solid state contactor.
• SAH type : 1 anti-harmonic reactor, three phase, providing protection of the solid
state contactor and protection from harmonics
• one set of three HRC fuses per step
• a control system for the solid state contactors, including :
❋ a reactive energy controller for automatic control
- with automatic / manual operation
- front panel display showing the number of stages operating
- front panel display of cos ϕ.
- front panel display of many other electrical parameters
(harmonics, ...)
❋ microprocessor instrumentation and control board using solid state
contactors :
- triggers and releases contactors within 40 milliseconds max.
- avoids any transient voltages and currents when steps are
triggered or released.

■ GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS
• IP 315 cabinet
• protection of parts under power against direct contact : IP 2X
• temperature class
❋ operation : -10 / +45°C (average over 24 hours: 40°C)
❋ storage : -30 / +60°C

• ventilation : forced
• colour : ❋ grey cabinet (RAL 7032),
❋ black base

• cables enter at the bottom (at the top on request)


• standards : EN 60439-1,
IEC 60439-1 and 2

■ ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
• Insulation class : 0.66 kV (tested at 2.5 kV, 50 Hz for one minute)
• built-in power supply for auxiliary circuits
• built-in connection terminal block for brown-out contact

■ OPTIONS
• protection circuit breaker
• fixed step
• adder-type current transformer

■ CONNECTIONS
Allow for: • power cables as per table on page 28
• current transformer to be located on phase L1 of the facility, upline from all receivers
and the capacitor bank.
❋ primary : rating depending on installation
❋ secondary : 5 A (1 A on request)
❋ power : 10 VA (recommended) – class 1
• note: this transformer can be supplied separately on request.
23
Automatic system

ALPISTATIC range
VII
■ Standard type
• nominal voltage 400 V 50 Hz TRI

Power Electrical Reference Dimensions Weight Possible


delivered steps W X D X H (mm) (kg) extensions
at 400 V (kvar) (kvar)
(kvar)

cabinet
100 4 x 25 ST 10040 1000 x 600 x 2100 170 50
125 5 x 25 ST 12540 1000 x 600 x 2100 200 50
160 4 x 40 ST 16040 1000 x 600 x 2100 210 80
200 5 x 40 ST 20040 1000 x 600 x 2100 250 80
240 6 x 40 ST 24040 1000 x 600 x 2100 280 on request
280 7 x 40 ST 28040 1000 x 600 x 2100 300 on request
320 8 x 40 ST 32040 1000 x 600 x 2100 325 on request
360 9 x 40 ST 36040 1000 x 600 x 2100 350 on request
400 5 x 80 ST 40040 1000 x 600 x 2100 375 on request
440 11 x 40 ST 44040 1000 x 600 x 2100 400 on request

480 6 x 80 ST 48040 2000 x 600 x 2100 480 160


520 13 x 40 ST 52040 2000 x 600 x 2100 520 80
560 7 x 80 ST 56040 2000 x 600 x 2100 540 80
600 15 x 40 ST 60040 2000 x 600 x 2100 560 on request
640 8 x 80 ST 64040 2000 x 600 x 2100 580 on request
720 6 x 120 ST 72040 2000 x 600 x 2100 610 240
840 7 x 120 ST 84040 2000 x 600 x 2100 630 120
960 8 x 120 ST 96040 2000 x 600 x 2100 950 on request

Consult us for dimensions of cabinets with built-in circuit breakers

ALPES TECHNOLOGIES
24
ALPISTATIC range
VII
■ H type or duty type
• nominal voltage 440 V 50 Hz TRI

Power Nominal Electrical Reference Dimensions Weight Possible


delivered power steps W X D X H (mm) (kg) extensions
at 400 V (kvar) (kvar) (kvar)
(kvar)

cabinet
100 120 4 x 30 ST 12044 1000 x 600 x 2100 170 60
125 150 5 x 30 ST 15044 1000 x 600 x 2100 200 60
160 200 4 x 50 ST 20044 1000 x 600 x 2100 210 100
200 250 5 x 50 ST 25044 1000 x 600 x 2100 250 100
240 300 6 x 50 ST 30044 1000 x 600 x 2100 280 on request
280 350 7 x 50 ST 35044 1000 x 600 x 2100 300 on request
320 400 8 x 50 ST 40044 1000 x 600 x 2100 325 on request
360 450 9 x 50 ST 45044 1000 x 600 x 2100 350 on request
400 500 5 x 100 ST 50044 1000 x 600 x 2100 375 on request
440 550 11 x 50 ST 55044 1000 x 600 x 2100 400 on request

480 600 6 x 100 ST 60044 2000 x 600 x 2100 480 200


520 650 13 x 50 ST 65044 2000 x 600 x 2100 520 100
560 700 7 x 100 ST 70044 2000 x 600 x 2100 540 100
600 750 15 x 50 ST 75044 2000 x 600 x 2100 560 on request
640 800 8 x 100 ST 80044 2000 x 600 x 2100 580 on request
720 900 6 x 150 ST 90044 2000 x 600 x 2100 610 300
840 1050 7 x 150 ST 105044 2000 x 600 x 2100 630 150
960 1200 8 x 150 ST 120044 2000 x 600 x 2100 650 on request

Consult us for dimensions of cabinets with built-in circuit breakers

25
Système automatique

ALPISTATIC range
VII
■ Anti-harmonic reactors or SAH type
• nominal voltage 440 V 50 Hz three-phase

Power Nominal Electrical Reference Dimensions Weight Possible


delivered power steps W X D X H (mm) (kg) extensions
at 400 V (kvar) (kvar) (kvar)
(kvar)

cabinet
100 120 4 x 30 STS 12044 1000 x 600 x 2100 170 60
125 150 5 x 30 STS 15044 1000 x 600 x 2100 200 60
160 200 4 x 50 STS 20044 1000 x 600 x 2100 210 100
200 250 5 x 50 STS 25044 1000 x 600 x 2100 250 100
240 300 6 x 50 STS 30044 1000 x 600 x 2100 280 on request
280 350 7 x 50 STS 35044 1000 x 600 x 2100 300 on request
320 400 8 x 50 STS 40044 1000 x 600 x 2100 325 on request
360 450 9 x 50 STS 45044 1000 x 600 x 2100 350 on request
400 500 5 x 100 ST S 50044 1000 x 600 x 2100 375 on request
440 550 11 x 50 STS 55044 1000 x 600 x 2100 400 on request

480 600 6 x 100 STS 60044 2000 x 600 x 2100 480 200
520 650 13 x 50 STS 65044 2000 x 600 x 2100 520 100
560 700 7 x 100 STS 70044 2000 x 600 x 2100 540 100
600 750 15 x 50 STS 75044 2000 x 600 x 2100 560 on request
640 800 8 x 100 STS 80044 2000 x 600 x 2100 580 on request
720 900 6 x 150 STS 90044 2000 x 600 x 2100 610 300
840 1050 7 x 150 ST S 105044 2000 x 600 x 2100 630 150
960 1200 8 x 150 ST S 120044 2000 x 600 x 2100 650 on request

Consult us for dimensions of cabinets with built-in circuit breakers

ALPES TECHNOLOGIES
26
Specific ranges VIII

The ALPIVAR - ALPIBLOC - PANEL - RACK - ALPIMATIC and


ALPISTATIC product ranges described in this catalogue correspond to
the most common standard units. All of these products can be
manufactured for other electrical characteristics (frequency, voltage,
power, coupling, etc.) and in particular:
• frequency 60 Hz and other frequencies for special applications
• single-phase voltages
• dual voltage with retained power
• other standard voltages: 240 - 415 - 480 - 500 - 530 - 550 -
600 - 690 - 800 V ...
• other power ratings on request.

Please contact our technical sales department with your special


requests.

27
Circuit breakers and cables

Protective circuit breaker and connection cable


IX selection table for capacitors

Three-phase 400 V and 440 V Three-phase circuit breaker Cables


capacitor Rating / thermal setting minimum cross-section per phase
Nominal power (A) Cu (mm )
2
Al (mm2)
(kvar)

10 20/20 6 10
20 40/40 10 16
30 63/60 16 25
40 80/80 25 35
50 100/100 35 50
60 125/125 35 50
70 160/140 35 50
80 160/160 50 70
90 200/180 50 70
100 200/200 70 95
125 250/250 70 95
150 400/300 95 120
175 400/350 120 185
200 400/400 150 240
225 630/450 150 240
250 630/500 185 2 x 120
275 630/550 185 2 x 120
300 630/600 2 x 95 2 x150
325 630/630 2 x 95 2 x 150
350 800/700 2 x 120 2 x 185
375 800/750 2 x 120 2 x 185
400 800/800 2 x 150 2 x 240
450 1000/900 2 x 150 2 x 240
500 1000/1000 2 x 185 4 x 150
550 1250/1100 2 x 185 4 x 150
600 1250/1200 4 x 120 4 x 185
650 1250/1250 4 x 120 4 x 185
700 1600/1400 4 x 150 4 x 240
750 1600/1500 4 x 150 4 x 240
800 1600/1600 4 x 150 4 x 240
850 2000/1700 4 x 150 4 x 240
900 2000/1800 4 x 150 4 x 240
950 2000/1900 4 x 185 4 x 300
1000 2000/2000 4 x 185 4 x 300

Note:
The cable cross-section indicated in this table is the minimum recommended section. It does not take into account
additional correcting factors (fitting method, temperature, long distances, etc.). The calculations are for unipolar
cables mounted in ambient air at 30°C.

ALPES TECHNOLOGIES
28
ANNECY IMPRESSION - SEYNOD - Tél. 04 50 69 12 39
2003- B.T. 01 - ANG

■ The characteristics of our units are given for information only, and are only
binding after confirmation by our services.

P.A.E. Les Glaisins - 7, rue des Bouvières - B.P. 332


74943 ANNECY-LE-VIEUX CEDEX FRANCE
Tél. : 33 (0)4 50 64 05 13 - Fax : 33 (0)4 50 64 04 37
www.alpestechnologies.com - Email : com@alpestechnologies.com ALPES TECHNOLOGIES
© Copyright Alpes Technologies 2000