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# KIMIA BAHAN/DASAR

BY

RUSLAN KALLA
JURUSAN TEKNIK KIMIA
FAKULTAS TEKNOLOGI INDUSTRI
UNIVERSITAS MUSLIM INDONESIA
Konversi Satuan
 SATUAN
- British
- SI (MKS dan cgs)
 Fungsi Satuan :……..

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PANJANG
 1 Inci = 2,54 x 10-2 m
 1 ft = 12 inci
 1 yard = 3 ft
 1 mil = 5280 ft
 1 meter = 3,2808 ft
 1 meter = 39,37 inci
 1 ft = 0,3048 m
 1 yard = 0,9144 m
 1 mil = 1,609 km
3
L U A S
 1 m2 = 10,7639 ft2
 1 cm2 = 0,155 in2
 1 ft2 = 144 in2
 1 in2 = 0,0069444 ft2
 1 ft2 = 0,092903 m2
 1 in2 = 6,45136 cm2
 1 ft2 = 929,034 cm

4
VOLUME
 1 liter = 0,0353154 ft3
 1 liter = 61,0251 in3
 1 ft3 = 7,48025 galon
 1 m3 = 35,3134 ft3
 1 gallon = 3,7854 liter
 1 liter = 0,264178 gallon
 1 m3 = 264,17 gallon
 1 ft3 = 0,0028317 m3
 1 ml = 0,061024 in3

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DENSITY / KERAPATAN
 1 lbm/ft3 = 16,018 gr/cm3
 1 lbm/ft3 = 0,0160184 kg/m3
 1 lbm/ft3 = 0,0000578704 lbm/ft3
 1 kg/m3 = 0,06243 lbm/ft3
 1 gr/cm3 = 62,428 lbm/ft3
 1 gr/cm3 = 0,0361275 lbm/ft3
ENERI PERSATUAN MASSA
 1 Btu/lbm = 0,555919 kal/gr
 1 kJ/kg = 0,4299 Btu/lbm
 1 kal/gr = 1,798825 Btu/lbm
 1 Btu/lbm = 2,326 kJ/kg

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MASSA
 1 kg = 2,20462 lbm
 1 lbm = 453,59237 gram
 1 lbm = 16 ounce
 1 slug = 32,1739 lbm
 1 lbm = 0,4359 kg
 1 ton = 1000 kg
 1 lbm = 7000 grains
 1 gram = 15,432 grains
PANAS JENIS
 1 kJ/kg oC = 0,23864 Btu/lbm oF

 1 Btu/lbm oR = 1 kkal/kg oF
7
TEKANAN
 1 N/m2 = 0,0000145038 psi
 1 Pascal (Pa) = 1 N/m2
 1 bar = 1.000.000 dyne/cm2
 1 atm = 14,696 psi
 1 atm = 29,9212 inHg (32o F)
 1 atm = 1013250 dyne/cm2
 1 psi = 0,0703067 kgf/cm2
 1 kgf/cm2 = 14,2234 psi
 1 psi = 2,03601 inHg (32o F)
 1 inHg = 33864 yne/cm2
 1 atm = 1,01325 x 105 Pa
 1 psi = 6894 N/m2
 1 Pa = 1 kg/m.dt2
 1 bar = 0,9869 atm
 1 atm = 760 mmHg (32o F)
 1 atm = 1,03323 kg/cm2
 1 atm = 33,934 ft.H2O (60o F)
 1 inHg = 0,0334211 atm
 1 inHg =0,491157 psi
 1 psi = 2,307 ft. H2O
 1 lbf/ft2 = 4,882 kgf/mm2
 Absolute Pressure = (barometric pressure) + (gauge pressure)
 = (barometric pressure) – (vacuum reading)

8
 ENERGI/PANAS/KERJA/POWER
 1 Joule = 1 kg. m2 / dt2 1 Hp menit = 42,408 Btu
 1 Btu = 1,05504 kJ 1 Watt = 1 Joule/dtk
 1 Joule = 10.000.000 Erg 1 eV = 3,8293 x 10-20 kalori
 1 Btu = 251,98 kalori 1 eV/mol = 96,484559 kJ/mol
 1 kJ = 0,94783 Btu 1 Joule = 2,7777 x 10-7 kWh
 1 Joule = 0,23901 kalori 1 kWh = 2615218 ft-lbf
 1 kalori = 4,184 Joule 1 Joule = 1 Watt. Dtk
 1 Mev = 1,6022 x 10-13 J 1 Watt jam = 860,421 kalori
 1 Btu = 1055,04 Joule 1 Hp jam = 2544,48 Btu
 1 kWh = 3,6 x 105 Joule 1 kWh = 3412,19 Btu
 1 kWh = 3,6 x 1013 Erg 1 Watt = 1 kg m2 / dt3
 1 Btu = 778,16 ft-lbf
 1 Watt menit = 44,261 ft-lbf
 1 Hp = 745,701 watt
 1 kWh = 1,341 Hp jam
 1 Hp detik = 550 ft-lbf
 1 Hp menit = 33.000 ft-lbf
 1 ft-lbf = kerja yang dilakukan oleh 1 lbf (gaya) sejauh 1 ft
 1 Erg = kerja yang dilakukan oleh i dyne sejauh 1 cm

9
TUGAS

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