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SUMMARY

PEMBUATAN BIO-OIL DARI MINYAK BIJI NYAMPLUNG


SEBAGAI BAHAN BAKAR ALTERNATIF PENGGANTI MINYAK TANAH
SYNTHESIS OF BIO-OIL FROM Calophyllum inophyllum SEED OIL AS AN ALTERNATIVE FUEL FOR
KEROSENE
Created by Deviany ; A., Aulia Fiki

Subject : Biogas

Keyword : : Bio-oil, nyamplung, Calophyllum Inophyllum,


transesterifikasi.

Description :
Bio-oil merupakan salah satu bentuk dari biofuel yang dimanfaatkan untuk mengurangi konsumsi nasional terhadap
kerosene (minyak tanah). Nyamplung (Calophyllum inophyllum) dipilih sebagai
bahan baku pembuatan bio-oil karena merupakan sumber daya hayati yang potensial yang mudah ditanam dan dapat
ditemui di berbagai
daerah di Indonesia.
Dalam penelitian ini, dilakukan beberapa tahap yaitu ekstraksi minyak biji Nyamplung, degumming, esterifikasi,
transesterifikasi, pemisahan dan pencucian, kemudian dilakukan analisa pengaruh rasio molar minyak terhadap metanol
pada tahap transesterifikasi terhadap bio-oil hasil penelitian. Rasio molar minyak terhadap metanol yang
digunakan adalah 1:3, 1:4, 1:5, dan 1:6. Katalis yang digunakan dalam tahap esterifikasi adalah H2SO4 98% sedangkan
katalis untuk tahap
transesterifikasi adalah NaOH.
Dari hasil penelitian terlihat bahwa rasio molar minyak terhadap metanol pada tahap transesterifikasi mempengaruhi
yield methyl ester/bio-oil yang dihasilkan. Analisa terhadap kualitas bio-oil dan uji visual yang dilakukan menunjukkan
bahwa bio-oil dari minyak biji Nyamplung dapat dijadikan sebagai bahan bakar alternatif
pengganti minyak tanah.

Description Alt:
Bio-oil is one of biofuel form used to minimize national consumption of kerosene. Calophyllum inophyllum was
choosen as raw material of bio-oil synthesis because it is a potential natural resources
which is easily planted and founded in many place in Indonesia.
In this research several sequences were done, Calophyllum inophyllum seed oil extraction, degumming, esterification,
transesterification, separation and washing of transesterification
product, then analyzed the effect of molar ratio of oil to methanol from transesterification process on bio-oil acquired.
The molar ratio of oil to
methanol used are 1:3, 1:4, 1:5, and 1:6. The catalist used in esterification and transesterification process were
respectively H2SO4 and NaOH.
The research showed the molar ratio of oil to metanol used in transesterification process affected the yield of methyl
ester (bio-oil).
The studied on bio-oil quality and visual testing conducted showed that bio-oil from Calophyllum inophyllum seed oil
has the advantage used as
kerosene alternative fuel.

Contributor : Prof. Dr. Ir. Mahfud, DEA <br> Lailatul Qadariyah, ST. MT

Page 1
Date Create : 09/02/2009

Type : Text

Format : pdf

Language : Indonesian

Identifier : ITS-Undergraduate-3100008031566

Collection : 3100008031566

Call Number : RSK 662.88 Dev p

Source : Undergraduate Theses, Chemical engineering, RSK 662.88 Dev p, 2008

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