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Adoption & Orphan Care

Resource Guide

The Heart of God
Adoption & Orphan Ministry
Religion that God our Father accepts as pure and faultless is this: to look after orphans and widows
in their distress and to keep oneself from being polluted by the world. James 1:27
Adoption Information

Caring for Orphans

Adoption Costs

Financial Assistance
Tax Credit
Military Subsidies

Types of Adoption
Hague/Non Hague Country
Foster Care Adoption
Domestic Adoption
Intercountry Adoption

Selecting An Agency
Credible Agencies to Consider

Support Awaits

Resources for help & Encouragement

Books, Magazines
What Can I Do?
Recommended Organizations
The following are just a small sampling of organizations that offer partnerships to serve and care
for orphans. Visit Hope For Orphans for more information,

Heart of the Bride Ministries
What Will it Cost?
Prospective adoptive parents may be concerned about the financial costs of adopting an infant or
child and their ability to meet these costs. While becoming a parent is rarely free of expenses
(even pregnancy and childbirth can be relatively expensive if there is inadequate insurance),
adoptive parents often are faced with initial costs that can seem challenging. However, with
planning and with knowledge about the different types of adoptions and available resources, they
should be able to develop a budget that includes most of the foreseeable expenses. This factsheet
was designed to help prospective adoptive parents learn about these expenses so that they can
make informed decisions throughout the adoption process.
The total cost of adopting varies from $0 to more than $40,000, depending on a number of factors.
The chart below outlines some general categories of adoption and costs associated with the
services provided. The wide range reflects the multitude of factors that may affect costs, including
the type of adoption, the type of placement agency or facilitator, and the child's age and
circumstances. Prospective adoptive parents are encouraged to check with the agencies they are
considering to find out more about specific costs for their circumstances.

Range of Adoption Costs

Foster Care Adoptions $0 - $2,500*

Licensed Private Agency Adoptions $5,000 - $40,000+
Independent Adoptions $8,000 - $40,000+
Facilitated/Unlicensed Adoptions $5,000 - $40,000+
Intercountry Adoptions $7,000 - $30,000

*This is the cost of a family profile if the family doesn't already have a foster child.

For more detailed information, visit

Learn to do right; seek justice. Defend the oppressed. Defend the cause of the
fatherless; plead the case of the widow. Isaiah 1:17
Financial Resources
This is a list of adoption financial assistance resources, including grants, loan programs, subsidies
and general financial information to assist in financing an adoption. Please note, this list is not

Show Hope

Abba Fund
Caroline’s Promise (North Carolina only)
A Child Waits Foundation
God’s Grace Adoption Ministries (matching grants)
The MICAH Fund
Brittany’s Hope Foundation
Caring Connection
James fund
LifeSong for Orphans
Gift of Adoption Fund
National Council for Adoption (NCFA)
National Adoption Foundation
National Endowment for Financial Education
United Healthcare Children’s Foundation
International Children’s Adoption Resource Effort
Kingdom Kids Adoption Ministry
Our Creators Hope
The LYDIA Fund (International Adoptions)
Katelyn’s Fund
Orphan Impact
Cadman Foundation
Christian World Adoption
Dave Thomas Foundation for Adoption
Fore Adoption Foundation
Help Us Adoption
Resources 4 Adoption

Fundraising Partnerships
Affording Adoption Website
Just Love Coffee Roasters
Adoption Bug
My Crazy Adoption
Wild Olives
Adoption Tax Credit
In 2010 and 2011, you may be able to take a refundable tax credit for qualifying expenses paid to
adopt an eligible child (including a child with special needs). This means that you could qualify
for a tax refund even if you did not have federal income tax withheld. For tax years prior to 2010,
the adoption credit is not refundable. Under new Adoption Credit Rules for the 2010 tax year, you
must attach one or more adoption-related documents (identified in the form instructions) with
the completed Form 8839 (PDF), Qualified Adoption Expenses, and attach the form to your Form
1040 or Form 1040A return, to claim the adoption credit or income exclusion. The required
documents are different if the adoption is foreign, or domestic, final or not final and if the
adoption is for a special-needs child.

A tax credit, including the adoption credit, reduces your tax liability. For expenses paid prior to
the year the adoption becomes final, the credit generally is allowed for the year following the year
of payment. For expenses paid in and after the year the adoption becomes final, the credit is
allowed in the year of payment. The adoption credit is not available for any reimbursed expense.
In addition to the credit, certain amounts paid by your employer for qualifying adoption expenses
may be excludable from your gross income.

A taxpayer who paid qualifying expenses in the current year for an adoption which became final
in the current year, may be eligible to claim the credit for the expenses on the current year return,
in addition to credit for expenses paid in a prior year. For both the credit or the exclusion,
qualifying expenses include reasonable and necessary adoption fees, court costs, attorney fees,
traveling expenses (including amounts spent for meals and lodging while away from home), and
other expenses directly related to and for which the principal purpose is the legal adoption of an
eligible child. An eligible child must be under 18 years old, or be physically or mentally incapable
of caring for himself or herself.

The adoption credit or exclusion cannot be taken for a child who is not a United States citizen or
resident unless the adoption becomes final. In the case of an adoption of a special-needs child, you
may be eligible for a certain amount of credit or exclusion regardless of actual expenses paid or
incurred. A child has special-needs if (1) the child otherwise meets the definition of eligible child,
(2) the child is a United States citizen or resident, (3) a state determines that the child cannot or
should not be returned to his or her parent's home, and (4) a state determines that the child
probably will not be adopted unless assistance is provided. The credit and exclusion for qualifying
adoption expenses are each subject to a dollar limit and an income limit. The amount of your
adoption credit or exclusion is limited to the dollar limit for that year for each effort to adopt an
eligible child. If you can take a credit and exclusion, this dollar amount applies separately to each.
For example, if we assume the dollar limit for the year is $13,170 and you paid $10,000 in qualifying
adoption expenses for a final adoption, while your employer paid $4,000 of additional qualifying
adoption expenses, you may be able to claim a credit of up to $10,000 and also exclude up to $4,000.
The dollar limit for a particular year must be reduced by the amount of qualifying expenses taken
into account in previous years for the same adoption effort.

The income limit on the adoption credit or exclusion is based on your modified adjusted gross
income (MAGI). If your MAGI is below the beginning phase out amount for the year, the
income limit will not affect your credit or exclusion. If your MAGI is more than the beginning
phase out amount for the year, your credit or exclusion will be reduced. If your MAGI is above
the maximum phase out amount for the year, your credit or exclusion will be eliminated.

Generally, if you are married, you must file a joint return to take the adoption credit or exclusion.
If your filing status is married filing separately, you can take the credit or exclusion only if you
meet special requirements. To take the credit or exclusion, complete Form 8839 (PDF), Qualified
Adoption Expenses, and attach the form to your Form 1040 (PDF) or Form 1040A (PDF).

Military Subsidies
The military will reimburse active-duty personnel for most one-time adoption costs up to $2,000
per child, whether adopting a domestic infant, an older child in the U.S., or a child from another
country. Travel costs, foreign or domestic, are not covered. There is a maximum of $5,000 in a
given year, even if both parents are in the military. Reimbursement is made only after the
adoption is finalized and only if the adoption was completed through a state adoption agency or a
nonprofit private agency.

An adopted child with special needs may be eligible for monthly financial assistance under the
military's Program for Persons with Disabilities. Furthermore, the military's Exceptional Family
Member Program is designed to ensure that the adoptive families of children with special needs
are assigned to duty stations where the child's needs can be met.

Military personnel also may make use of leave programs similar to those offered by civilian
employers. Reimbursements and benefits apply whether the adopting parent is single or married
and whether the adoption is completed in the United States or overseas.

National Military Family Association (NMFA)

2500 N Van Dorn St, Ste 102
Alexandria, VA 22302-1601

NMFA is the only national organization dedicated to identifying and resolving issues of concern to military
families. Their mission is to serve the families of uniformed services through education, information, and
advocacy. They offer information about benefits for adoption reimbursement and healthcare, but not
regarding placement.
What type of adoption should

I consider?

Intercountry Children are usually over a year old by the time you bring them home,
depending on the country guidelines. Paperwork goes through our government as well as the
adoptive child’s country’s government. This process can be long; between 6-18 months depending
on the country and if it complies with the Hague Convention. See the Hague/Non Hague page.

Domestic Children can be infants, or older. An infant can be brought into your home straight
from the hospital if the process is complete by the time of the birth. Usually the adoptive family
is picked by the birthmother and after rights are relinquished the adoptive family takes the child
home. You can adopt from your home state or from another state that your agency works with,
this is called Intrastate Adoption.

Private Much like the domestic adoption, however the process is done through an adoption
attorney and not an agency. The birthmother and the adoptive families may establish a
relationship or they may choose to remain anonymous.
Foster Care Adoption These types of adoptions are with children that are in the Child
Welfare System. Their parents’ rights have already been terminated or they are in the process of
being terminated. Once the rights have been terminated, the child is legally free for adoption.
Most children are older and there are sibling groups. This is the most cost effective type of
adoption as most states have programs in place that have little to no cost to the adoptive family.
Adopting from the foster care system cam be a very long process.
Hague/Non Hague Convention
Both the Hague Convention Adoption Process and the Non–Convention Adoption involve two
determinations in accordance with the U.S. government.
1) The suitability of the adoptive parents
2) Whether the child’s adoption meets eligibility requirements in order for the child to
immigrate to the United States.
Below and on the following page is a chart which outlines the differences between the two
procedures. In general, prospective adoptive parents receive more protections when adopting
from Convention countries; however the process may take longer.
Convention Countries Non-Convention Country
Your Adoption Service Licensed in U.S. state of Licensed in U.S. State of
Provider residence and accredited residence
or approved by one of the
Dept. of State’s designated
Accrediting Entities
Adoption Service Adoption services contract Though many ASPs
Contract contains information disclose policies, fees and
about agency’s polices, relationships with
fees, history, relationships supervised providers, they
with supervised are not required by most
providers, etc. state laws to do so.
Home Study Must meet both State and Must meet State level and
Federal requirements; USCIS federal require-
prepared by an accredited ments
agency, supervised
provider or exempted
Adoption Fees Itemized in adoption
services contract
Parent Education 10 hours of parent Parent education only if
education classes mandated by U.S. State of
residence or voluntarily
provided by agency
Adoptive Parent’s Form 1-800-A; Form 1-600-A;
Eligibility Must be filed BEFORE Can be filed at the same
being matched with a time as the Form 1-600
(and before Form 1-800)
Convention Countries Non-Convention Countries

Provisional Petition Country of Origin must Must meet orphan definition

Approval: Child’s Eligibil- determine the child is Form 1-600
ity adoptable with Convention
consents and other
protections, must meet
definition of Convention
Adoptee Form 1-800

Child’s Medical Records Prepared, and provided by

Convention country’s
competent authorities;
Prospective adoptive
parents given at least 2
weeks to review

Visa Type IH-3 or IH-4 Visas IR-3 or IR-4 Visas

Visa Application Submitted before foreign Submitted after foreign

adoption/legal custody adoption/legal custody
proceedings proceedings (except
Guatemala and Vietnam)

Preserved for 75 years

Adoption Records

The Hague Adoption Convention is an international agreement to safeguard inter country

adoptions. The Convention establishes international standards of practices for inter country
The Hague Convention applies to all adoptions between the United States and the other countries
that have joined the Convention. Adopting a child from a Convention country is similar in many
ways to adopting from a country not party to the Convention. There are some key differences as
seen in the preceding chart, In particular, those seeking to adopt receive greater protections if they
adopt from a Convention country.
For more information on the Hague Adoption Agreement see:
Foster Care Adoption

Foster adoptions, or adoptions through the U.S. foster care system, usually involve children who
have been removed from their homes due to abuse, neglect, or other concerns for their safety. The
children may range in age from infants to teens, although most are toddlers and older. Many will
have physical, emotional, or other special needs, while some will not.

Children who are determined to have special needs may qualify for government-funded
adoption subsidies to help families manage the costs of care and maintenance. These adoptions are
usually arranged through state agencies, although in recent years, states have contracted with
some private agencies in order to increase opportunities for the children to find permanent
families. These adoptions have little or no cost; they are supported by government funding.

There are several ways to approach adoption through the U.S. foster care system:
 Adoption of a child or sibling group who has already been, or will be within a short period of
time, legally released for adoption (parental rights terminated or relinquished);
 Accept placement of a child whose reunification with biological family is still a possibility. If
reunification or other in-family placement isn't effected within a certain period of time, the
child will be released for adoption by you (known as Foster-Adoption or Fost/Adopt). The
process of working toward more than one goal for a child (reunification with parents, kinship
placement, adoption) is known as concurrent planning;
 Foster parent adoption, where licensed foster parents proceed to adopt a child in their care.

Foster Care Statistics

 Currently, there are approximately 425,000 children in foster care in the United States. It's
estimated that 115,000 are eligible for adoption.
 In 2009, about 57,466 children were adopted from foster care.
 69% of parents who adopt from foster care are married couples, 31% are single-parent families.
 Median age of child in foster care: 8.1 years.
 Race/ethnicity of children in foster care: 38% Caucasian, 30% African-American, 22%
Hispanic, 10% other
 The average child in foster care goes through three different placements and stays in the
system for about 30 months.
 Each year, about 26,000 children age out of foster care.

Domestic Adoption
In most U.S. newborn adoptions, adoptive parents are selected by the birthparents of the child,
and, in at least half of the cases, the birthparents and adoptive parents have met. Domestic
adopters usually appreciate the opportunity to build a relationship with their child's birth family.
While ongoing contact is increasingly common, the extent of contact varies significantly.

Depending on the situation, and the laws of the state where the family lives and where the baby is
born, prospective adoptive parents may cover some of the living and medical expenses of the
birthmother. For a chart of state adoption law in the U.S., see the Adoptive Families website: Despite myths to the contrary, domestic newborn
adoption remains alive and well in the United States. Current estimates of the annual number of
infants adopted domestically (excluding foster and relative adoption) range from 25,000 to
30,000—more than all international adoptions combined. Moreover, the process can go much more
swiftly that you might imagine. In a 2007 Adoptive Families survey, the majority of respondents
were matched with a birthmother in less than 12 months, and 15% got "the call" to travel after the
baby had already been born, without a prematch.

In most U.S. newborn adoptions, adoptive parents are selected by the birthparents of the child,
and, in at least half of the cases, the birthparents and adoptive parents have met. Domestic
adopters usually appreciate the opportunity to build a relationship with their child's birth family.
While ongoing contact is increasingly common, the extent of contact varies significantly.

Fast Facts:
Estimated Cost: $15,000 to $25,000. Costs can total considerably more in certain circumstances.
Profile of Children: Privately adopted babies in the U.S. are usually newborns.
Parent Ages: There are no legal restrictions in most states, but many or most birth families select
the family for their child, so parents who are younger than 25 or older than 45 may wait longer to
be selected.
Family Status: No regulation, but birthparents may be looking for a couple rather than a single
parent, and a family with few or no other children.
Travel: The adoptive family must satisfy the laws of the state where the baby is born before they
can bring the child to a different state. Depending on the state, this may take just a day or two or
several weeks.
Timeline: A baby cannot be legally relinquished before birth. Most experts advise prospective
adoptive parents to be careful about making an emotional commitment to a potential
birthmother too early in her pregnancy.

I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you. John 14:18
Intercountry Adoption
Who Chooses International Adoption?
U.S. families adopt approximately 20,000 children from other countries each year. Families choose
intercountry adoption for a variety of reasons. Perhaps the family does not meet agency guidelines
for domestic adoption but qualifies for intercountry adoption. Sometimes families wish to adopt
from the country of the family’s ethnic origin, or they are acquainted with others who have
successfully adopted overseas. Typically, the waiting time (and sometimes the total costs) for an
intercountry adoption are more predictable than for the adoption of a child born in the U.S. Often
families who pursue an intercountry adoption speak of their desire to parent a child who really
needs a family as much as the family needs the child. (However, the humanitarian desire to ―save
a child‖ is generally not considered sufficient motivation for a successful adoption.)
How Do I Adopt from Another Country?
Typically, intercountry adoptions are handled by private nonprofit adoption agencies. Public
agencies for the most part do not participate in intercountry adoption. Some agencies that handle
domestic adoptions also work in intercountry adoption, although there are many agencies that
specialize only in intercountry adoption. In a few countries families may adopt independently,
either hiring a local attorney to find an adoptable child or using their own contacts in the country.
To enter the United States under current immigration laws, the child adopted internationally
must be orphaned or abandoned or have only one living parent. If you are planning an independ-
ent intercountry adoption, make sure you receive knowledgeable counsel concerning the ―orphan
visa‖ law and understand your legal responsibilities and risks.
How Will the Hague Convention Affect Intercountry Adoptions?
In 2000 the U.S. ratified the Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption, an international treaty
to improve accountability, safeguards, and cooperation in intercountry adoption. Since the treaty
came into effect in the U.S., in April 2008, its provisions have governed adoptions from other
Hague countries. Adoptions from countries that have not joined the treaty will not be
afected. Agencies and individuals will need special accreditation to handle adoptions from the
more than 70 Hague member countries. Consult the State Department for a list of approved
service providers.
Who Are the Children?
Children through age 15 are eligible to come to the United States for adoption, and children aged
16 and 17 are eligible if their siblings have been adopted by U.S. families. The majority of children
from other countries who are adopted by U.S. families are young; over the past ten years, 46
percent were under 1 year of age and an additional 42 percent were between the ages of 1 and 4.
What Are the Costs?
The cost of an intercountry adoption can range from about $15,000 to more than $40,000. The least
expensive international adoptions occur with countries that do not require adoptive parents to
travel or reside abroad to complete legal formalities. If the adopting family has a lengthy stay in
the child’s country of origin, the cost of adoption can exceed $40,000.
Are There Other Considerations?
Families considering intercountry adoption must understand that the background and health
information they will receive about their child will likely be incomplete and may be unreliable.
Frequently changing political situations increase the uncertainties of intercountry adoption, and
countries may open or close without notice. Adopting a child from another country almost always
means that the adoptive family will become a transracial or cross-cultural family, which presents
special responsibilities. For the child to develop self-esteem and pride, family members must
incorporate into their lifestyle elements of the child’s original culture, including friendships with
people of the child’s ethnicity. Arming your child against racism is another duty of transracial
families. Many families report, however, that embracing another culture is one of the
unanticipated joys of intercountry adoption.

How Do Internationally Adopted Children Do?

Studies show that most children do well, often overcoming occasional early malnutrition and
deprivation to become happy, emotionally healthy adults. Ongoing parenting education and
support from competent and caring professionals (medical, psychological, rehabilitative, or
educational, as required) contribute to a child’s healthy growth. With lots of love and patience,
the results can be magnificent!


Helpful Websites:
General information about intercountry adoption:

Country-specific overview of adoption requirements:

Post-adoption issues and reporting:

Annual intercountry adoption statistics:

Hague information

...for in you, the fatherless find compassion. Hosea 14:3

How do I select an agency?
The following agencies have been highly recommended by others who have successfully walked
the path of adoption. It is best to ask people who have gone before you for advice along the way.
You should also search for yourself what each of the following organizations have to offer and
which countries they work with as you consider the one for you to partner with on this road to
adoption. Some considerations to take into account are the countries they work with, if they are
Hague/non Hague countries, the fees, and the resources they provide for the adoptive parents
before and after the adoption.
Adoption Advocates International
Country Programs:
Ethiopia, China, Thailand, Washington State

Adopt Florida Home Studies

Home Studies and Counseling
P.O. Box 159
DeFuniak Springs, Florida 32435,
Phone: 850-951-0616

All God’s Children International

Country Programs:
Bulgaria, China, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Nepal, Rwanda, Taiwan, Ukraine

America World Adoption

Country Programs
Brazil, China, Ethiopia, Kazakhstan, Russia, Rwanda, Ukraine

Bethany Christian Services

Domestic, Intercountry, Embryo Adoptions
Country Programs
Bulgaria, China, Columbia, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Haiti, Hong Kong, Lithuania, Philippines,
Russia, S Korea, Taiwan
1716 East Olive Road
Pensacola, FL 32514-7553
Buckner Children’s Homes
Domestic and International Adoptions
Country Programs
Russia, China, Ethiopia, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Korea, India, Japan
5200. S. Buckner Blvd.
Dallas, Texas 75227
214.321.4530 or 866.236.7823

Children’s Home Society

1300 N Palafox St # 103
Pensacola, FL 32501-2678
(850) 266-2700

Christian World Adoptions

Country Programs
Bulgaria, china, Ethiopia, Russia, Ukraine

Gladney Center for Adoption

Domestic and Intercountry Adoptions
Country Programs:
U.S., Haiti, Ethiopia, Uganda
Nepal, India, Mongolia, China, S Korea, Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand
*6300 John Ryan Road
Ft. Worth, TX 76132-4122
*TAMPA FL-Phone number 813.265.8444

FamiliesFirst Network of Lakeview

Foster Care & Foster Care Adoption
5401 West Fairfield Dr.
Pensacola, Florida 32506
866-313-9874 (toll free)
850-453-7763 (FAX)
Holt International Adoptions
Country Programs:
Haiti, Ethiopia, Uganda
Nepal, India, Mongolia, China, S Korea, Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand
P.O. Box 2880
1195 City View | Eugene, OR 97402
Phone: 541.687.2202 | Fax: 541.683.6175

Love Basket
Domestic and International Adoptions
Corporate Office – there are 3 locations in the U.S.
10306 Business 21
Hillsboro, MO 63050
Phone: 636.797.4100
Fax: 636.789.4978

Nightlight Christian Adoption Agency

Country Programs
China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Taiwan, Uganda, Ukraine

The Adoption Center

Adoption Attorney
3 Clifford Drive
Shalimar, FL 32579
Phone: 850-651-5225
Toll Free - Florida Only: 800-708-8888

Embryo Donation:
National Embryo Donation Center
11126 Kingston Pike
Farragut, TN 37934
Support Awaits...

Families Who Have Adopted:

Will & Kristin Banker Steven & Bobbi Roe 850.803.4042
Adopted Domestically & from Ethiopia Adopted Domestically

Andy & Amy Bell Steve & Tammy Wright
Adopted from Ethiopia Adopted Domestically

Chris & Kelly Brown
Adopted Domestically

Chris & Kim Forehand
Adopted from Ethiopia

Kevin & Missy Hickman
Adopted from Liberia

Paul & Susan Kummer
Adopted from China & India

Other Resources: (contains up-to-date lists of medical clinics that specialize in
working with children adopted internationally) (cultural and travel preparation) (language) (language CD’s for children)
Medical Clinics
UAB International Adoption Clinic, Birmingham
1600 7th Ave, South, CPPI 410
Birmingham, AL 35233

International Adoption Clinic, University of Minnesota

516 Delaware St. SE #4-100
Minneapolis, MN 55455

International Adoption Clinic, Vanderbilt

8102 Doctors’ Office Tower
2200 Children’s Way
Nashville, TN 37232

Adoption Nutrition & Medicine

The SPOON Foundation
The Center for Adoption Medicine
Project Hopeful (HIV/AIDS)
From HIV to Home
Center for Disease Control
Early Steps Children’s Medical

Other Helpful Sites

Attachment & Bonding
Child Trauma Academy
Infant Massage
Learning Disabilities
Sensory Processing Disorder
Sensory Processing Disorder Foundation
Touch Research Institute
Help & Encouragement
We have asked others for their recommendations of books, magazines and websites that were
helpful to them as they pursued adoption. The following are the most frequently and highly
recommended resources.

Recommended Books:

Reclaiming Adoption, Dan Cruver, Editor

Adopted for Life, Russell D Moore
Too Small to Ignore, Wes Stafford
The One Factor, Doug Sauder
There is No Me Without You, Melissa Faye Green
The Red Letters, Tom Davis
Fields of the Fatherless, Tom Davis
Small Town, Big Miracle, W.C. Martin
Saving Levi, Lisa Bentley
The Castaway Kid, R.B. Mitchell
The Adoption Network, Laura Christianson
Thriving as an Adoptive Family, David and Renee Sanford
The Hole in Our Gospel, Richard Stearns
Wounded Children, Healing Homes, Jayne E Schooler
Parenting from the Inside Out, Daniel Siegel
Hello, I Love You: Adventures in Adoptive Fatherhood, Ted Kluck
Successful Adoption: A Guide for Christian Families, Natalie Nichols Gillespie
Talking to your Young Children about Adoption, Mary Watkins and Susan Fisher
Are Those Kids Yours? - Cheri Register
Inside Transracial Adoption – Gail Steinberg and Beth Hall
Attaching in Adoption: Practical Tools for Today’s Parents – Deborah Gray
Parenting is Your Highest Calling and 8 Other Myths That Trap Us in Worry and Guilt – Leslie
Leyland Fields
Twenty Things Adopted Kids Wish Their Adoptive Parents Knew, Sherrie Eldridge
Boundaries with Kids, Henry Cloud & John Townsend
The Connected Child, Karyn Purvis
Created to Connect (study guide to The Connected Child), Karyn Purvis
Empowering, Connecting & Correcting Principles, TCU Child Development (DVD)
The Complete Book of International Adoption, Dawn Davenport
Parenting Your Internationally Adopted Child, Patty Cogen
Children of Hope, Vernon Brewer
From Ashes to Africa, Josh & Amy Bottomly
When Love is Not Enough, Nancy Thomas
Children’s Books
―A‖ Is For Adopted; Eileen Tucker Cosby
Shaoey and Dot; Mary Beth and Steven Curtis Chapman
A Thunder & Lightning Bug Story; Mary Beth & Steven Curtis Chapman
Adopted and Loved Forever; Annette E. Dellinger
Adoption Is For Always; Linda Walvoord Girard
How I Was Adopted; Janna Cole
Black Like Kyra, White Like Me;Judith Vigna
Did My First Mother Love Me? A Story for an Adopted Child;Kathryn Ann Miller
Families Are Different; Nina Pellegrini
Happy Adoption Day!; John McCutcheon
I’m Brown and My Sister Isn’t; Robbie O’Shea
It’s Okay to be Different; Todd Parr
Never, Never, Never, Will She Stop Loving You; Jolene Durrant
Over Land and Sea- A Story of International Adoption; Steven Layne
Things Little Kids Need To Know; Susan Uhlig
Tsunami Sam; Teri Lane
We Adopted You, Benjamin Koo, Linda Walvoord Girard
When You Were Born In _____ ; Brian Boyd
Why Am I Different?; Norma Simon

Adoptive Families Magazine
Roots and Wings
Adoption Today

Websites & Forums

Empowered to Connect
Adoptive Dads
Adoption Learning Partners (online education)
TCU Institute of Child Development (Dr Purvis)
Child Welfare Information Gateway
United States Department of State
Abshiro Kids (Ethiopia Culture Connection)
A 4Ever Family (Attachment, Hope, Healing)
Bethany Christian Services Forum—click forums
Hair and Skin Care

A father to the fatherless, a defender of widows is God in his holy dwelling.

Psalm 68:5
The Heart of God
Adoption & Orphan Ministry