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NIOSH Updates : Volume 4, Number 3, 2011

KUMPULAN SASAR
MAJIKAN UTAMA / LANGSUNG
TARIKH/TEMPAT (PENGURUSAN ATASAN)
BAHAGIAN SUMBER MANUSIA
Tarikh : 17 February 2011 „SUPERVISOR / LINE LEADER‟
Tempat : NIOSH BANDAR BARU BANGI (Tempat adalah Terhad) „SAFETY COMMITTEE‟
Yuran : RM 50.00 SEORANG (TUNAI). KESATUAN PEKERJA
Status : Program ini tidak layak untuk ‘CEP Point dan Skim HRDF. KONTRAKTOR
TENAGA PENGAJAR IPTA / IPTS
OBJEKTIF PROGRAM SMI / SME11

1. "SIRI SEMINAR KESEDARAN UMUM 2011” ini


merupakan program kesedaran bagi menambahkan ilmu * Bayaran : RM 50.00 Seorang (Tunai).
pengetahuan berkenaan Keselamatan dan Kesihatan * Sijil Penyertaan Untuk Setiap Peserta Akan Diberikan.
Pekerjaan (KKP) untuk semua tempat kerja anjuran * Program Ini Tidak Layak Untuk ‘CEP Point’ Dan Skim Hrdf.
NIOSH dengan kerjasama beberapa agensi kerajaan dan * Nota Ceramah Tidak Disediakan.
syarikat swasta untuk mencapai matlamat “Kemalangan * Maksimum Kepada 3 Peserta Untuk Setiap Syarikat /
Sifar & Mewujudkan Budaya Kerja Selamat dan Sihat”. Jabatan Sahaja.
* Tempat Adalah Terhad (Tertakluk Kepada Tempat Dan
2. Terdapat beberapa sistem pengurusan keselamatan dan Keadaan)
kesihatan pekerjaan di tempat kerja yang memberi * Pendaftaran Hanya Melalui Website NIOSH Sahaja
penekanan terhadap aspek pengawalan & penyeliaan www.niosh.com.my (ONLINE SYSTEM).
untuk mengurangkan risiko kemalangan dan bahaya-
bahaya di tempat kerja demi memastikan setiap pekerja Untuk keterangan lanjut sila hubungi :
adalah selamat untuk bekerja.
1. Pn. Siti Badariah Abu Bakar 3. En.Nizwan Shah Ngarib
3. Kumpulan sasaran untuk program ini adalah kepada TEL : 03-8769 2209, 2201 TEL : 03-8769 2206, 2202
SYARIKAT/INDIVIDU yang mempunyai pengetahuan/
kesedaran OSH yang sangat MINIMAL dan program ini 2. En. Zulfadhli Suhaili 4. Nor Akmar Yussuf
tidak sesuai bagi pekerja/majikan yang sudah TEL : 03-8769 2267 TEL : 03-8769 2203, 2201
KOMPETEN.
NIOSH Updates : Volume 4, Number 3, 2011

TENTATIVE PROGRAMME

BIL. TENTATIF PROGRAM MASA PENCERAMAH JAM

1 PENDAFTARAN PESERTA 08:30 – 0:9:00


3 INTRODUCTION:
09:00 - 10:30 NIOSH 1 jam 30 min
“HEALTH or WEALTH: WHAT’S YOUR CHOICE?”
4 MINUM PAGI 10:30 - 11: 00 30 min
5 MEDICAL SURVEILLANCE:
11:00 - 13:00 NIOSH 2 jam
“HAVE WE DONE OUR BEST? AS FAR AS PRACTICABLE!”
7 MAKAN TENGAHARI 13:00 - 14:00 1 jam
8 “OCCUPATIONAL DISEASE STATISTICS IN MALAYSIA” 14:00 - 15:00 PERKESO 1 jam
9 MINUM PETANG 15:00 - 15:30 30 min
10 CULTURE & LIFESTYLE IN MALAYSIA:
15:30 - 17:00 NIOSH 1 jam 30 min
“PEANUTS! MAINTAINING AN EXTRAORDINARY BODY, MIND & SOUL”
TAMAT / PENYERAHAN SIJIL
NIOSH Updates : Volume 4, Number 3, 2011
OSH INFO: Kenapa anda perlukan vitamin

Penghadaman makanan yang tidak sempurna: Ini boleh terjadi bila anda tidak mengunyah makanan dengan secukupnya atau anda
makan dengan kadar yang agak cepat. Saiz partikel makanan yang agat besar tidak boleh dicerna dengan sempurna oleh sistem
penghadaman anda. Orang yang memakai gigi palsu harus lebih berhati-hati dengan situasi begini.

Pemakanan dan peminuman: Minuman yang terlalu panas atau pengambilan kopi, teh, jeruk dan rempah ratus yang berlebihan boleh
menyebabkan berlakunya radang pada saluran penghadaman anda. Oleh itu penyerapan vitamin akan berkurangan.

Pengambilan alkohol: Alkohol yang berlebihan merosakkan hati dan pancreas. Organ-organ ini penting dalam proses penghadaman
makanan. Pengambilan alkohol yang banyak dan berterusan meningkatkan keperluan vitamin-vitamin thiamin, niacin, pyridoxin, asik
folik, vitamin B12, vitamin C dan vitamin A.

Merokok: Sekiranya anda seorang perokok, keperluan vitamin C dalam badan anda meningkat. Sebatang rokok dikatakan bersaman
dengan 30mg vitamin C.

Pengambilan julap: Pengambilan julap atau laxatif yang berlebihan menyebabkan penyerapan vitamin berkurangan. Ini adalah kerana
makanan yang diambil dibuang dengan cepat - waktu transit untuk penyerapan berkurangan. Penggunaan paraffin dan minyak mineral
yang lain menyebabkan kehilangan vitamin yang larut minyak seperti vitamin A dan E.

Proses pemasakan: Makanan yang dimasak dengan lama boleh kehilangan vitamin-vitamin B kompleks dan C. Ada juga vitamin B
yang dirosakkan oleh radias yang dihasilkan oleh ketuhar gelombang mikro.

Makanan yang diproses: Penyejukbekuan makanan yang mengandungi vitamin E mengurankan kandungannya bila ia dikeluarkan dari
freezer.
NIOSH Updates : Volume 4, Number 3, 2011
Samb… Kenapa anda perlukan vitamin

Pengambilan antibiotik: Antibiotik membunuh semua kuman termasuk kumankuman baik di dalam perut. Kuman-kuman ini membantu
menghasilkan vitamin-vitamin B.

Sakit: Pembedahan menyebabkan badan anda memerlukan lebih zink, vitamin E dan sebagainya. Tulang yang patah memerlukan kalsium,
vitamin D and C yang lebih banyak.

Tekanan: Badan anda memerlukan lebih vitamin B kompleks dan C dalam keadaan anda tertekan (stress).

PMT (Pre-Menstrual Syndrome): Tanda-tanda seperti sakit kepala dan sebagainya semasa datang haid dapat dikurangkan dengan pengambilan
vitamin B.

Mengandung: Keperluan semasa mengandung adalah lebih tinggi. Anda perlukan lebih vitamin B (termasuk asid folik), A, D, E dan mineral-
mineral kalsium, zat besi, magnesium, zink dan phosporus.

Kurang pendedahan pada cahaya matahari: Golongan ini kekurangan vitamin D yang penting dalam metobalisma kalsium.

Dipetik dari akhbar Berita Harian; 8/02/2011, pg. 012


NIOSH Updates : Volume 4, Number 3, 2011
BOOK REVIEW : Corporate Safety Compliance: OSHA, Ethics, and the Law
(Occupational Safety & Health Guide Series) [Hardcover] Thomas D. Schneid (Author)
Editorial Reviews

Product Description
Safety and health professionals face potential legal and ethical issues on an
almost daily basis. In a landscape of changing responsibilities and new
laws, they often make difficult decisions that can result, in hindsight, in the
creation of legal issues and liabilities for themselves and their companies.
Written by occupational health and safety expert Ton Schneid, Corporate
Safety Compliance: OSHA, Ethics, and the Law provides guidance
though the maze of legal issues involving OSHA and OSHRC and how to
avoid potential legal liability.

Tackling safety and ethical issues head on, Schneid explores issues in
criminal liability for individuals and corporations under the OSHA Act and
state criminal codes. He includes methods for achieving and maintaining
OSHA compliance, using specific case studies to illustrate ways to avoid or
minimize the impact of legal issues. The text addresses not only OSHA
regulations and standards but also the legal aspects up to and including
OSHRC decisions on specific issues. Additionally, the author examines the
ethical issues involved in many of the legal aspects of the safety issues as
well as ethical issues in the day-to-day management of safety and health.

The mere mention of the word OSHA scares many people. Often, OSHA
has been the much maligned federal agency that was the brunt of attacks
from both management and labor organizations. Tom Schneid elucidates
the potential legal and ethical issues of the new industrialized workplace.
His proactive approach helps you avoid or minimize potential liabilities,
where possible, but also gives you the tools to be prepared and
knowledgeable in the unique appellate process with OSHA and the OSHRC.
NIOSH Updates : Volume 4, Number 3, 2011
Cont…BOOK REVIEW : Corporate Safety Compliance: OSHA, Ethics, and the Law
(Occupational Safety & Health Guide Series) [Hardcover] Thomas D. Schneid (Author)

Product Details

Hardcover: 332 pages


Publisher: CRC Press; 1 edition (April 22, 2008)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 1420066471
ISBN-13: 978-1420066470
Product Dimensions: 9.2 x 6.4 x 1 inches
Shipping Weight: 1.4 pounds (View shipping rates and policies)
Average Customer Review: Be the first to review this item
Amazon Bestsellers Rank: #1,285,257 in Books (See Top 100 in Books)

**Book for reference only :More details of this book, please refer NIOSH Library and to browse list of collection
please visit; http://www.niosh.com.my
NIOSH Updates : Volume 4, Number 3, 2011
Hazards and Risk at the workplace

Consequences

Likelihood Negligible First aid Minor Major Fatality


Injury Injury Injury Injury
Very likely H H E E E
Likely M H H E E
Possible L M H E E
Unlikely L L M H E
Highly L L M H H
unlikely
NIOSH Updates : Volume 4, Number 3, 2011
Hazards and Risk at the workplace

E immediate action required; notify supervisor, Head of School


(extreme risk) and the Safety and Health. If possible, the activity should be
ceased immediately.

H notify supervisor and safety and health representative and


(high risk) implement immediate action to minimize injury.

M implement immediate action to minimize injury e.g. signs;


(moderate supervisor remedial action required within five working days.
risk)
L remedial action within one month (if possible), supervisor
(low risk) attention required.
NIOSH Updates : Volume 4, Number 3, 2011
Hazards and Risk at the workplace

Almost certain The most likely and expected result if the hazard
– event takes place.

Quite possible Quite possible, would not be unusual, even 50/50


chance
Unusual but possible Unusual but possible sequence or coincidence

Remotely possible Remotely possible coincidence

Conceivable but Has never happened after many years of


unlikely exposure, but is conceivably possible
Practically impossible Practically impossible, has never happened
before
NIOSH Updates : Volume 4, Number 3, 2011
Hazards and Risk at the workplace

Very Rare Not known to have occurred

Rare Occurs rarely, but has been


known to occur
Infrequent Occurs between once per
month and once per year
Frequent Occurs approximately once per
day

Continuous Occurs many times per day


NIOSH Updates : Volume 4, Number 3, 2011
Hazards and Risk at the workplace

Catastrophe Numerous fatalities Extensive financial loss Major disruption to Extensive


(greater than $5m) operations environmental
damage

Disaster Multiple fatalities Significant financial Major disruption to Major environmental


loss ($1-5m) operations damage

Very serious Fatality Significant financial Significant production Significant


loss ($500,000 to $1m) disruption environmental
damage

Serious Serious injury Substantial financial Notable production Serious


(permanent loss ($50,000 to disruption environmental
disability, amputation) $500,000) damage

Substantial Disabling injury Notable financial loss Slight production Minor environmental
requires ($5000 to $50,000) disruption damage
medical treatment

Minor First aid treatment – Negligible financial No effect on work Negligible


minor cuts, bruises or loss (up to $5000) environmental
bumps damage
NIOSH Updates : Volume 4, Number 3, 2011
Hazards and Risk at the workplace

Score Action

High or very high Do something about these risks immediately

Substantial or moderate Do something about these risks as soon as possible

Risks perhaps acceptable These risks may not need immediate attention

Australian Standard AS/NZS 4360:2004 – Risk management


NIOSH Updates : Volume 4, Number 3, 2011
Hazards and Risk at the workplace
Descriptor Insignificant Minor Moderate Major Catastrophic

Objectives/Projects Insignificant cost <5% over budget/ schedule 5-10% over 10-25% over >25% over budget/
increase/schedule slippage. slippage. budget/schedule slippage. budget/schedule slippage. schedule slippage.
Barely noticeable reduction Minor reduction in Reduction in scope or Failure to meet secondary Doesn‟t meet primary
in scope or quality quality/scope quality. objectives. objectives.

Injury No apparent injury or minor Minor injury or illness RIDDOR/NPSA reportable Major injury, or long term Death or major
(Physical/Psychological) injury not requiring first aid. requiring first aid treatment. incapacity/ permanent incapacity
disability (loss of limb)

Patient Unsatisfactory patient Unsatisfactory patient Mismanagement of patient Serious mismanagement of Totally unsatisfactory
Experience/Outcome experience not directly experience – readily care, short term effects (less patient care, long term patient outcome or
related to patient care resolved than a week) effects (more than a week) experience

Complaints/Claims Locally resolved complaint Justified complaint Below excess claim. Claim above excess level. Multiple claims or
peripheral to clinical care Justified complaint involving Justified multiple single major claim
lack of appropriate care. complaints.

Service/Business Loss/interruption >1 hour Loss/interruption Loss/interruption Loss/interruption Permanent loss of


Interruption >8 hours >1 day >1 week service or facility

HR/Organisational Short term low staffing level Ongoing low staffing level Late delivery of key Uncertain delivery of key Non delivery of key
Development objective/service due to lack objective/service due to lack objective/service due to lack
of staff. of staff. of staff.

Staffing and Competence Temporarily reduced service Reduces service quality Minor error due to Serious error due to Loss of key staff.
quality (< 1 day) ineffective training. ineffective training Critical error due to
Ongoing unsafe staffing insufficient training
level.

Financial Small loss Loss > 0.1% of budget Loss > 0.25% of budget Loss > 0.5% of budget Loss > 1% of budget

Inspection/Audit Minor recommendations. Recommendations given. Reduced rating. Enforcement Action. Low Prosecution.
Minor non-compliance with Non compliance with Challenging rating. Zero rating.
standards standards recommendations. Non- Critical report. Severely critical report.
compliance with core Major non-compliance with
standards core standards.

Adverse Rumours Local Media – short term. Local media – long National Media National Media >3 days.
Publicity/Reputation Minor effect on staff morale. term. Significant effect on <3 days MP concerns
staff morale. (questions in house)
NIOSH Updates : Volume 4, Number 3, 2011
Hazards and Risk at the workplace
NIOSH Updates : Volume 4, Number 3, 2011
OSH : NEWSPAPER CUTTING
Publication : HARIAN METRO
Date : 09/02/2011
Page : 06
Headline : 3 beranak sesak nafas terhidu gas
NIOSH Updates : Volume 4, Number 3, 2011
OSH : NEWSPAPER CUTTING
Publication : THE STAR
Date : 09/02//2011
Page : N3
Headline : Psychiatrist: Do more address suicide
NIOSH Updates : Volume 4, Number 3, 2011
OSH : NEWSPAPER CUTTING
Publication : NEW STRAITS TIMES
Date : 10/02/2011
Page : 14
Headline : Lee: Take care of mental health
NIOSH Updates : Volume 4, Number 3, 2011
OSH : NEWSPAPER CUTTING
Publication : NEW STRAITS TIMES
Date : 10/02/2011
Page : 14
Headline : Dead student described as jovial person
NIOSH Updates : Volume 4, Number 3, 2011
OSH : NEWSPAPER CUTTING
Publication : THE STAR
Date : 11/02/2011
Page : N50
Headline : Promote good mental health

**More details of OSH newspaper cutting, please refer NIOSH website http://www.niosh.com.my/# , under online services e-sumber (NIOSH Library)