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CIRCUIT

IDEAS

STRESS METER SANI TH


EO

„ D. MOHAN KUMAR cuit. The circuit is very sensitive and bar mode for each increment of 125
detects even a minute voltage varia- mV in the input.

T
his stress monitor lets you tion across the touch pads. Here, we’ve used only five LEDs
assess your emotional pain. If The circuit comprises signal ampli- connected at pins 14 through 18 of IC1.
the stress is very high, it gives fier and analogue display sections. LED1 glows when input pin 5 of IC1
visual indication through a light-emit- Voltage variations from the sensing receives 150 mV. LED5 glows when
ting diode (LED) display along with a pads are amplified by transistor BC548 the voltage rises to 650 mV and LED5
flashes and
piezobuzzer PZ1
beeps when the
stress level is high.
Resistors R4
and R5 and capaci-
tor C2 form the
flashing elements.
Resistor R3 main-
Fig. 2: Display panel tains the LED cur-
rent at
around 20
mA. Ca-
pacitor C3
should be
p l a c e d
close to pin
Fig. 3: Self-locking straps 3 for proper
Fig. 1: Circuit of the stress meter
functioning
warning beep. The gadget is small (T1), which is configured as a com- of the IC. Zener diode ZD1 in series
enough to be worn around the wrist. mon-emitter amplifier. The base of T1 with resistor R6 provides regulated 5V
The gadget is based on the prin- is connected to one of the touch pads to the circuit.
ciple that the resistance of the skin var- through resistor R1 and to the ground The circuit can be assembled on a
ies in accordance with your emotional rail through potmeter VR1. By vary- small piece of perforated board. Use
states. If the stress level is high the ing VR1, the sensitivity of T1 can be transparent 3mm LEDs and a small
skin offers less resistance, and if the adjusted to the desired level. Diode D1 piezobuzzer for audio-visual indica-
body is relaxed the skin resistance is maintains proper biasing of T1 and ca- tions. Enclose the circuit in a small
high. The low resistance of the skin pacitor C1 keeps the voltage from the plastic case with touch pads on the
during high stress is due to an increase emitter of T1 steady. back side. Two self-locking straps can
in the blood supply to the skin. This The amplified signal from transis- be used to tie the unit around your
increases the permeability of the skin tor T1 is given to the input of IC wrist.
and hence the conductivity for electric LM3915 (IC1) through VR2. IC After tying the unit around your
current. LM3915 is a monolithic integrated cir- wrist (with touch pads in contact with
This property of the skin is used cuit that senses analogue voltage lev- the skin), slowly vary VR1 until LED1
here to measure the stress level. The els at its pin 5 and displays them glows (assuming that you are in re-
touch pads of the stress meter sense through LEDs providing a logarith- laxed state). Adjust VR2 if the sensi-
the voltage variations across the touch mic analogue display. It can drive up tivity of IC1 is very high. The gadget
pads and convey the same to the cir- to ten LEDs one by one in the dot/ is now ready for use. z

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