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AISI Type 430

Grade 430 is a ferritic, straight chromium, non-hardenable grade, combinining


good corrosion resistance and formability characteristic with useful mechanical
properties. It is easily formed and resists nitric acid. It is also used for appliance
components and motor vehicle trim, which are by far the most used applications
for this alloy.

Grade 430F is the free-machining version of this grade, available in bar form for
use in automatic screw machines. There is a grade that contains molybdenum,
stainless steel alloy 434, known for having the same quality as grade 430, but
also having a greater resistance to corrosion.

430 have a great resistance to organic acids such as nitric acid. It is even more
resistant to corrosion when it is has been buffed or highly polished. Stress
corrosion cracking resistance of Grade 430 is very high, as it is for all ferritic
grades.

Solution Annealing heat to 815-845°C, hold for ½ hour per 25mm of thickness,
slow furnace cool to 600°C and then quickly air cool. Slow cooling from 540-
400°C will cause embitterment.

The best grade of alloy 430 for machining is grade 430F. While grade 430 is
more easily machined that 304 and other standard austenitic grades, it may still
gall, however.

Application :

• Lining for dish washers


• Refrigerator cabinet panels
• Automotive Trim
• Lashing Wire
• Element supports
• Stove trim rings
• Fasteners
• Chimney Liners
Category Steel
Class Stainless steel
Type Ferritic standard
Common
Chromium steel
Names
Designations France: AFNOR Z 8 C 17
Germany: DIN 1.4016
Italy: UNI X 8 Cr17
Japan: JIS SUS 430
Sweden: SS 2320
United Kingdom: B.S. 430 S 15
United States: AMS 5503 , AMS 5627 , ASME SA182 ,
ASME SA240 , ASME SA268 , ASME SA479 , ASTM A176 ,
ASTM A182 , ASTM A240 , ASTM A268 , ASTM A276 , ASTM A314
, ASTM A473 , ASTM A479 , ASTM A493 , ASTM A511 ,
ASTM A554 , ASTM A580 , ASTM A651 , FED QQ-S-763 , FED QQ-
S-766 , FED QQ-W-423 , FED STD-66 , MIL SPEC MIL-S-862 ,
SAE 51430 , SAE J405 (51430) , UNS S43000
Composition

Element Weight %
C 0.12
Mn 1.00
Si 1.00
Cr 16.0-18.0
P 0.04
S 0.03
Mechanical Properties

Properties Conditions
T (°C) Treatment
Density (×1000 kg/m3) 7.8 25
Poisson's Ratio 0.27-0.30 25
Elastic Modulus (GPa) 200 25
Tensile Strength (Mpa) 480
Yield Strength (Mpa) 275 annealed, hot finished (plate, sheet,
25
Elongation (%) 20 strip) more

Reduction in Area (%) 45


Hardness (HRB) 88 (max) 25 annealed (plate, sheet, strip)
Thermal Properties

Conditions
Properties
T (°C) Treatment
Thermal Expansion (10-6/ºC) 10.4 0-100 more
Thermal Conductivity (W/m-K) 26.1 100 more
Specific Heat (J/kg-K) 460 0-100
Electric Properties

Conditions
Properties
T (°C) Treatment
Electric Resistivity (10-9Ω -m) 600 25