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PPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMI

SCIENCE
FORM 3
MODULE 1
PPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMIPPSMI

RESPIRATION

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MALAYSIA


MODULE 1: RESPIRATION
Arahan Kepada Guru:
1. Modul ini mengandungi tiga puluh empat soalan.
2. Modul merangkumi enam konstruk yang diuji
K1 - Memahami soalan dalam bahasa Inggeris
K3 - Memahami istilah sains dalam bahasa Inggeris
K5 - Menguasai konstruk pengetahuan
K6 - Menguasai konstruk kefahaman
K7 - Menguasai konstruk kemahiran
K10 – Memahami pengajaran dan pembelajaran dalam bahasa Inggeris
3. Guru hendaklah memastikan murid menulis maklumat diri dalam kertas jawapan objektif yang disediakan.
4. Guru memastikan murid menghitamkan pilihan jawapan (objektif) pada kertas jawapan objektif yang disediakan
5. Guru MESTI membaca arahan dan soalan bagi Soalan 29 hingga 34 dengan jelas. Guru boleh mengulang membaca
soalan jika perlu. Guru hendaklah mengarahkan pelajar menjawab dengan menghitamkan pilihan jawapan bagi soalan
tersebut pada kertas jawapan objektif.
6. Guru hendaklah menanda jawapan murid diakhir ujian dan merekod jumlah bilangan soalan salah bagi setiap konstruk di
kertas jawapan objektif (OMR) murid. Guru dikehendaki mengumpul kertas jawapan objektif (OMR) semua murid mengikut
kelas masing-masing dan mengikut arahan selanjutnya seperti di dalam manual prosedur pengendalian ujian diagnostik.

Modul ini mengandungi 29 halaman bercetak

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MODULE SUMMARY
SCIENCE FORM 3 - RESPIRATION

Jumlah Bil soalan gagal dijawab


Konstruk Penerangan konstruk No. Soalan (untuk pemulihan)
Soalan
sekurang-kurangnya

K1 Memahami soalan dalam bahasa Inggeris 1, 2, 3, 4 4 2

K3 Memahami istilah sains dalam bahasa Inggeris 5, 6, 7, 8 4 2

K5 Menguasai konstruk pengetahuan 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 6 3

15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21,


K6 Menguasai konstruk kefahaman 10 6
22, 23, 24

K7 Menguasai konstruk kemahiran 25, 26, 27, 28 4 2

Memahami pengajaran dan pembelajaran 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34 6 3


K10
dalam bahasa Inggeris

JUMLAH 34

3
Jika murid gagal menjawab
soalan ini pelajar
Soalan Item Diagnostik
menghadapi masalah
berikut:

S1 The figure shows the respiratory system Tidak memahami perkataan


yang terlibat di dalam sistem
respirasi

Cadangan Pemulihan :

Glossari
• ”Learn a word a day”
dengan
mempamerkan
terminology yang
sering digunakan
dalam pengajaran dan
pembelajaran
• kamus dwibahasa
• kamus istilah.

Which of the following is part of the respiratory system?

A Kidney
B Stomach
C Lungs
D Heart
Answer: C

4
S2 Inhalation and exhalation compliments each other. Tidak memahami perkataan
During exhalation, the air pressure in our thoracic cavity is greater than the air “compliments each other”
pressure outside our body. When we inhale, the air pressure in the thoracic cavity
is _________ than the air pressure outside the body.
Cadangan Pemulihan :
A more • Kamus dwibahasa
B equal • Glossari
C less • ”Learn a word a day”
Answer : A

S3 Oxyhaemoglobin is formed when haemoglobin combines with oxygen. Which of the Tidak memahami perkataan
following describes the above statement? “combine”

A Oxygen reacts with haemoglobin Cadangan Pemulihan :


B Oxygen joins with haemoglobin • Kamus dwibahasa
C Oxygen dissolves in haemoglobin • Glossari
D Oxygen separates from haemoglobin • ”Learn a word a day”
Answer : B

S4 Tidak memahami perkataan


Gas exchange occurs in alveolus. Gases involved in the process
”gaseous exchange”
are oxygen and carbon dioxide
Cadangan Pemulihan :
Which gases are involved in gas exchange process? • Kamus dwibahasa
• Glossari
I Oxygen • ”Learn a word a day”
II Carbon dioxide
III Nitrogen

A I and II
B I and III
C II and III
D I, II and III

Answer : C

5
S5 Tidak memahami istilah
The figure shows the model of breathing mechanism
“inhalation”, “exhalation” dan
“breathing mechanism”.

Cadangan Pemulihan :
• Jadualkan istilah sains
dalam Bahasa
Inggeris mengikut
topik dan pamerkan
dalam makmal/kelas
• Kuiz istilah
• Kamus dwibahasa
• Kamus istilah
• Kad imbasan

What is the process shown by the figure?


Balloons deflate Balloons inflate
A Inhalation
B Respiration
C Exhalation
D Diffusion

Answer : A

6
S6 Nicotine and tar found in cigarette smoke can cause cancer. These substances are Tidak memahami istilah
known as _______________ “carcinogen”

A detergent
B preservatives Cadangan Pemulihan :
C pollutant • Jadualkan istilah sains
D carcinogen dalam Bahasa
Inggeris mengikut
topik dan pamerkan
dalam makmal/kelas
• Kuiz istilah
• Kamus dwibahasa
• Kamus istilah
• Kad imbasan
Answer: D

7
S7 Pelajar tidak memahami
The figure shows the transportation of oxygen from blood capillaries into the body
istilah “diffusion” dan
cells ”transportation”

Cadangan Pemulihan :
• Jadualkan istilah sains
cel dalam Bahasa Inggeris
l
nucleu mengikut topik dan
s pamerkan dalam
makmal/kelas
• Kuiz istilah
• Kamus dwibahasa
• Kamus istilah
• Kad imbasan

red
blood
blood cell
capilla
ry

Name the process represented by the arrows

A Combustion
B Respiration
C Diffusion
D Oxidatio

Answer : C
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S8 Tidak mengetahui istilah
The intake of air into the lungs is called __________
“inhaling” dan “exhaling”

Cadangan Pemulihan :
A breathing
• Jadualkan istilah sains
B inhaling dalam Bahasa Inggeris
mengikut topik dan
C exhaling
pamerkan dalam
D respiring makmal/kelas
• Kuiz istilah
• Kamus dwibahasa
• Kamus istilah
Answer : B • Kad imbasan

S9 Tidak mengetahui kesan


The figure shows organs in human body.
merokok keatas sistem
pernafasan.

Cadangan Pemulihan :
• Kuiz
• Latih tubi
A • Tayangan kesan
merokok
• Pertandingan melukis
C
poster
B

9
Smoking will cause diseases in our respiratory system. Choose the organ which will
be affected by smoking.

Answer : A

S10 Tidak mengetahui system


What is the system that enables us to breathe?
pernafasan

Cadangan Pemulihan :
A Circulatory
• Kuiz
B Respiratory
C Excretory • Latih tubi
• Kamus istilah

Answer : B

S11 Name a gas in the air that diffuses into the blood capillaries from the alveolus. Tidak mengetahui gas yang
terlibat dalam respirasi
A Nitrogen
B Carbon dioxide Cadangan Pemulihan :
C Carbon monoxide • Kuiz
D Oxygen • Latih tubi
• Kamus istilah
• Glossari

Answer : C

10
S12 Tidak mengetahui bahagian-
The figure shows a human respiratory system.
bahagian dalam sistem
Which of the following parts represents the alveolus?
pernafasan.

Cadangan Pemulihan :
• Kuiz
• Pertandingan melukis
poster berlabel pada
minggu sains

C B

Answer : D

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S13 Tidak mengetahui
The figure shows a human respiratory system.
mekanisma pernafasan.

Cadangan Pemulihan :
• Latihan melabel
• Carta urutan
mekanisma
pernafasan

Rib

Lung

Thoracic Diaphragm
Cavity

Which physical change does not occur during exhalation?


A Thoracic cavity become smaller
B Rib cage move downwards and inwards
C Diaphragm moves up
D Diaphragm moves down

Answer :D

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S14 During gaseous exchange, the oxygen and carbon dioxide pass through the wall of Tidak mengetahui struktur
alveolus. alveolus
Which of the following are the possible characteristics of the wall of alveolus?

I Thin Cadangan Pemulihan :


II Thick • Latihan melukis dan
III Dry melabel
IV Moist • Latihtubi

A I and II
B I and III
C I and IV
D I, II and III

Answer: C

13
S15 Tidak memahami sistem dan
The figure shows a human respiratory system.
fungsi di dalam rajah yang
dipamerkan.

Cadangan Pemulihan :
Latihtubi
Kuiz

Which of the following are diseases that affect the human respiratory system?

I Pneumonia
II Bronchitis
III Asthma
IV Hepatitis

A I and II only
B II and IV only
C I, II and III
D I, III and IV

Answer: C

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S16 Tidak boleh mngenalpasti
The figures show the systems found in a human body.
sistem dan fungsi di dalam
In which system does inhalation take place? setiap rajah yang
dipamerkan.

Cadangan Pemulihan :
• Latihtubi
• Kuiz
• Melabel organ-organ
yang terlibat dalam
sistem
• Kamus istilah
• Glossari
• ”learn a word a day”

A B

C D
Answer: A

15
S17 Which of the following are examples of harmful substances found in cigarette Tidak memahami kesan
smoke? bahan merbahaya dalam
asap rokok
I Carbon monoxide
II Nicotine
III Tar Cadangan Pemulihan :
IV Sulphur dioxide • Latihtubi
• Kuiz
A I and II only • Tayangan VCD
B I and III only • Koleksi poster dari
C I,II and III only Kementerian
D I, II, III and IV Kesihatan

Answer: C

S18 The alveolus wall is very thin to make it easier for ______________ Tidak memahami proses
yang terlibat.
A gas diffusion
B gas absorption Cadangan Pemulihan :
C blood absorption • Latihtubi
D blood diffusion • Kuiz
• ”learn a word a day”
• Glossari

Answer: A

16
S19 Pelajar tidak memahami
The figure shows the structure of alveolus in a lung.
lokasi pertukaran gas dalam
At which vessel does the oxygenated blood flow? struktur peparu

Cadangan Pemulihan :
• Latihtubi
• Kamus istilah
A B C
• Melukis dan melabel
struktur-struktur terlibat
dalam pertukaran gas

Answer: C

S20 During gaseous exchange in the alveolus, the diffusion process involves Pelajar tidak memahami
___________ proses pertukaran gas.

I the flow of oxygen from the blood capillaries into the alveolus Cadangan Pemulihan :
II the flow of carbon dioxide from the alveolus into the blood capillaries • Latihtubi
III the flow of oxygen from the alveolus into the blood capillaries • Kuiz
IV the flow of carbon dioxide from the blood capillaries into the alveolus • Membina model
pertukaran gas
A I and II • Kamus istilah
B II and III
C III and IV
D I, II, III and IV.

Answer: C

17
S21 Which of the following statements is correct about the breathing mechanism? Tidak memahami mekanisma
pernafasan
A The air pressure in the lungs increases during inhalation
B The air pressure in the lungs decreases during exhalation Cadangan Pemulihan :
C The thoracic cavity becomes smaller during exhalation • Melukis dan
D The thoracic cavity becomes smaller during inhalation mempamerkan
mekanisma
pernafasan
• Melakukan mekanisme
Answer: C secara individu
• Kamus istilah

S22 Tidak memahami ciri-ciri


Which of the following is a factor which speeds up the gaseous exchange
alveolus
in the lungs?
Cadangan Pemulihan :
• Latih tubi
I There are thousands of alveoli in the lungs • Melabel pada rajah
II The total surface area of alveoli is small pertukaran gas
• Kuiz
III There is a rich network of capillaries in the alveoli • Kamus istilah
• Glossari
A I and II only
B I and III only
C II and III only
D I, II and III

Answer: B

18
S23 The figure shows the model of a respiratory system. Pelajar tidak menganalogi
model dengan organ yang
sebenar

Cadangan Pemulihan :
• Membina model
dengan bahan atau
Glass jar radas yang diberi
• Menjalankan
eksperimen secara
hands-on
Balloon • Membuat carta urutan
mekanisme
pernafasan
Rubber sheet

What will happen when the rubber sheet is pushed upward?

I Both the balloons will deflate


II The air pressure in the glass jar will increase
III The density of the air in the glass jar will increase

A I and II
B I and III
C II and III
D I, II and III

Answer: A

19
S24 Which of the following shows the correct concentration of oxygen and carbon Pelajar tidak memahami
dioxide during inhalation? konsep kepekatan oksigen
dan karbon dioksida.
Concentration of oxygen Concentration of carbon dioxide
Cadangan Pemulihan :
A Low High • Latihtubi
B Low Low • Kuiz
• Layari internet
C High Low
D High Low

Answer: C

20
S25 The figure shows a human respiratory system. Tidak memahami urutan
laluan gas oksigen / karbon
dioksida

Cadangan Pemulihan :
S
• Latih tubi
• Carta urutan laluan
gas-gas
P
• Pertandingan melukis
poster berlabel pada
minggu sains
T • Kamus istilah
• Glossari
Q

Which of the following represents the flow of air from the lungs to the atmosphere?

A RÆQÆPÆTÆS

B RÆQÆTÆPÆS

C SÆPÆTÆQÆR

D SÆTÆPÆQÆR

Answer: B

21
S26 The table shows the comparison between inhalation and exhalation in breathing Tidak mempunyai kemahiran
mechanism. tentang proses menarik nafas
dan menghembus nafas
Inhalation Exhalation
I Diaphragm moves down Diaphragm moves up Cadangan Pemulihan :
II Volume of the thoracic cavity Volume of the thoracic cavity • Latih tubi
• Melakukan mekanisme
increases decreases
pernafasan secara
III Air pressure in the thoracic cavity Air pressure in the thoracic cavity individu
• “Peer teaching”
decreases increases
• “Cooperative learning”

Which of the following are correct?


.
A I and II
B I and III
C II and III
D I, II and III

Answer: D

22
S27 Tidak mempunyai kemahiran
The figure shows the apparatus set up to investigate the effects of smoking on the
menganalogi radas dengan
lungs. organ-organ sistem
pernfasan

Cadangan Pemulihan :
• Pertandingan
menyediakan
”apparatus set-up”
• Menekankan teknik-
teknik membuat
pemerhatian
• Kamus dwibahasa
• Kamus istilah

Which of the following can be observed when the filter pump is switched on for 5
minutes?

I The temperature in the thermometer rises


II The cotton wool will become brown
III The air pressure in the U-tube increases
IV The bicarbonate indicator turns yellow

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A I and II
B II and III
C I, II and IV
D II, III and IV
Answer: C

S28 P, Q, R and S are the processes that take place when oxygen enters the blood Tidak berkemahiran
capillaries. menganalisis urutan
penyerapan oksigen.

P The oxygen diffuses into the body cells Cadangan Pemulihan :


• Kuiz
Q Oxygen combines with haemoglobin in the red blood cells to
• Latih tubi
form oxyhaemoglobin • Membuat cara urutan
R Oxygenated blood is transported to the body cells laluan gas dari
alveolus ke sel badan
S The oxygenated blood reaches the body cells, • Kamus dwibahasa
oxyhaemoglobin decomposes to release oxygen

Which of the following is the correct sequence of the processes?

A PÆQÆRÆS
B RÆQÆSÆP
C QÆRÆSÆP
D SÆQÆRÆP

Answer: C

24
S29 Tidak memahami pengajaran
The breathing mechanism involves physical changes of the respiratory system dan pembelajaran dalam
that enables us to breathe. Bahasa Inggeris

Cadangan Pemulihan :
• ”Cooperative learning”
Which of the statements is correct? • ”Peer teaching”
• Kamus dwibahasa
• Kamus istilah
I The breathing mechanism involves physical changes of the respiratory
system
II The breathing mechanism involves the chemical changes of the respiratory
system
III Physical changes in the respiratory system enable us to breathe
IV Physical changes in the respiratory system enable us to reproduce

A I and IV
B II and III
C I and III
D II and IV

Answer: C

25
S30 Tidak memahami pengajaran
dan pembelajaran dalam
Breathing involves inhalation and exhalation. Inhalation or Bahasa Inggeris
breathing in is the process by which air is forced into our lungs.
Exhalation or breathing out is the process by which air is forced Cadangan Pemulihan :
• ”Cooperative learning”
out of our lungs.
• ”Peer teaching”
• Kamus dwibahasa
• Kamus istilah
Based on the information above, which of the following statements is correct?
A Inhalation is the process by which air is forced out of our lungs.
B Exhalation is the process by which air is forced into our lungs
C Inhalation is the process by which air is forced into our lungs

Answer: C

26
Tidak memahami pengajaran
S31 dan pembelajaran dalam
The wall of the alveolus and the wall of the blood capillary are Bahasa Inggeris
only one cell thick. This enables diffusion of gases to take place
efficiently.
Cadangan Pemulihan :
• ”Cooperative learning”
Choose the correct statement. • ”Peer teaching”
• Kamus dwibahasa
I The wall of alveolus is only one cell thick • Kamus istilah
II The wall of blood capillary is only one cell thick
III The wall of alveolus is thick
IV The wall of blood capillary is thick

A I and II only
B II and III only
C I and IV only
D II and IV only

Answer: A

Tidak memahami pengajaran


S32 dan pembelajaran dalam
Bahasa Inggeris
Some ways to reduce air pollution and improve air quality
include :
Cadangan Pemulihan :
• not smoking • ”Cooperative learning”
• ”Peer teaching”
• not carrying out open burning
• Kamus dwibahasa
• using public transport • Kamus istilah
• practicing car-pooling

27
How many ways are there to improve the air quality?

A Less than four


B More than four
C Equal to four
Answer: C
Tidak memahami pengajaran
S33 dan pembelajaran dalam
Bahasa Inggeris
Carbon monoxide is found in the smoke of vehicles. Sulphur
dioxide is produced during the burning of fossil fuels. Nicotine Cadangan Pemulihan :
• ”Cooperative learning”
and tar are found in cigarette smoke. All these substances are
• ”Peer teaching”
harmful to our respiratory system. • Kamus dwibahasa
• Kamus istilah

Choose the correct statement.

A Only cigarette smoke is harmful to the respiratory system


B Burning of fossil fuels is also harm the respiratory system
C Smoke from the vehicles does not harm the respiratory system

Answer: B

28
Tidak memahami pengajaran
S34 dan pembelajaran dalam
Bahasa Inggeris
Bronchitis, emphysema and lung cancer are diseases that affect
the respiratory system. They can be prevented by not smoking.
Cadangan Pemulihan :
• ”Cooperative learning”
• ”Peer teaching”
Diseases that can be prevented by not smoking are __________ • Kamus dwibahasa
• Kamus istilah

A bronchitis and asthma


B emphysema and pneumonia
C lung cancer and bronchitis
D asthma and influenza

Answer: C

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