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Ashoka’s

Changemakers
invited innovative
solutions where
communities,
entrepreneurs, and
key institutions
collaborated to
integrate and develop
affordable, inclusive,
and sustainable urban
housing that respects
the environment, local
cultures, and practices.

VISIT ONLINE TO SEE THE PRIZES: The three winners


each receive a cash prize of
WINNING SOLUTIONS. US $10,000.

www.Changemakers.com/sustainableurbanhousing

With the support of: In partnership with:


SpecialSpecial
Issue
Special
Issue Issue

Letter
Letter
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Dear Dear
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Special
Special
Issue
Special
IssueIssue

Contributors:
Contributors:
Contributors:
Matt Matt
Bannick,
Matt
Bannick,
Omidyar
Bannick,
Omidyar
Network
Omidyar
Network
Network

Matt Bannick
Matt Matt
Bannick
brings
Bannick
brings
a wide
brings
a wide
range
a wide
range
of executive,
range
of executive,
of executive,
international,
international,
international,
and and and
multi-sector
multi-sector
multi-sector
experience
experience
experience
to his to
leadership
histoleadership
his leadership
of Omidyar
of Omidyar
ofNetwork.
Omidyar
Network.
From
Network.
FromFrom
1999 to1999
2007,
1999
to 2007,
Matt
to 2007,
served
Matt Matt
served
in aserved
number
in a number
in of
a number
senior
of senior
executive
of senior
executive
roles
executive
at
roles roles
at at
eBay. eBay.
As general
eBay.
As general
As
manager
general
manager
and
manager
later
andas later
and
president
as
later
president
asofpresident
eBayof International,
eBay
of eBay
International,
International,
Matt was
Mattlargely
Matt
was largely
was
responsible
largely
responsible
responsible
for building
for building
foreBay’s
building
eBay’s
global
eBay’s
global
footprint
global
footprint
and
footprint
and and
drivingdriving
phenomenal
driving
phenomenal
phenomenal
revenuerevenue
growth.
revenue
growth.
Matt
growth.
currently
Matt Matt
currently
serves
currently
serves
on serves
theon theon the
BoardsBoards
of Bridge
Boards
of Bridge
International
of Bridge
International
International
Academies,
Academies,
Academies,
Endeavor,
Endeavor,
and
Endeavor,
Landesa.
and Landesa.
and Landesa.

Usha Usha
Ganesh,
Usha
Ganesh,
Intellecap
Ganesh,
Intellecap
Intellecap

Usha Usha
Ganesh
Usha
Ganesh
hasGanesh
over
has 15
over
hasyears
over
15 years
of15business
years
of business
ofresearch
business
research
and
research
content
and content
and content
development
development
development
experience
experience
experience
in full-time
in full-time
in
and
full-time
freelance
and freelance
andengagements.
freelance
engagements.
engagements.
She She She
contributes
contributes
contributes
to analytical
to analytical
toprojects,
analytical
projects,
including
projects,
including
articles
including
articles
for articles
Beyond
for Beyond
for
Profit,
Beyond
Profit,Profit,
surveysurvey
reports
survey
reports
forreports
Microfinance
for Microfinance
for Microfinance
Insights,
Insights,
and
Insights,
aand
trends-monitoring
aandtrends-monitoring
a trends-monitoring
newsletter
newsletter
for
newsletter
thefor
Rockefeller
the
forRockefeller
the Rockefeller
Foundation.
Foundation.
Foundation.
She serves
She serves
She
as editor
serves
as editor
forasthe
editor
for thefor the
abstracts
abstracts
posted
abstracts
posted
on Microfinance
posted
on Microfinance
on Microfinance
Gateway Gateway
asGateway
wellasaswell
for
as as well
thefor
content
asthe
forcontent
the content
on enterprisingschools.com,
on enterprisingschools.com,
on enterprisingschools.com,
a portala portal
focused
a portal
focused
on focused
theon
Affordable
theonAffordable
the Affordable
PrivatePrivate Private
Schools
Schools
sector.
Schools
sector.
Shesector.
enjoys
She enjoys
She
reading
enjoys
reading
andreading
writing
and writing
and
aboutwriting
about
innovations
about
innovations
innovations
in in in
the development
the development
the development
sector.sector.sector.

NishaNisha
Kumar
Nisha
Kumar
Kulkarni,
Kumar
Kulkarni,
Intellecap
Kulkarni,
Intellecap
Intellecap

Nisha Nisha
produces
Nisha
produces
content
produces
content
for content
Intellecap’s
for Intellecap’s
for Intellecap’s
publications
publications
publications
and blogs,
and blogs,
as
andwell
blogs,
as well
as well
as works
as works
onasvarious
works
on various
research
on various
research
projects.
research
projects.
She
projects.
brings
She brings
She
5 years
brings
5 years
experience
5 years
experience
experience
in research,
in research,
in operations
research,
operations
operations
and fundraising.
and fundraising.
and fundraising.
She isShepassionate
She
is passionate
is passionate
about aboutabout
writingwriting
andwriting
economic
and economic
and development
economic
development
development
strategies.
strategies.
strategies.
As a Asnative
aAsnative
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a native
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Yorker,Yorker,
Nisha
Yorker,
Nisha
is aNisha
new
is a is
transplant
newa new
transplant
transplant
to Mumbai.
to Mumbai.
to Her
Mumbai.
free
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is is
absorbed
absorbed
byabsorbed
exploring
by exploring
byher
exploring
newhercity
new
her
and
city
newreading
and
cityreading
and
great
reading
books.
greatgreat
books.
books.

DianaDiana
Wells,
Diana
Wells,
President,
Wells,
President,
President,
Ashoka
Ashoka
Ashoka

Dr. Diana
Dr. Diana
Wells,
Dr. Diana
Wells,
President
Wells,
President
ofPresident
Ashoka,
of Ashoka,
ofjoined
Ashoka,
joined
the organization
joined
the organization
the organization
in the in thein the
1980s1980s
when1980s
when
she created
when
she created
she
onecreated
ofone
Ashoka's
of
one
Ashoka's
ofcore
Ashoka's
programs,
core core
programs,
programs,
Fellowship
Fellowship
Fellowship
SupportSupport
Services.
Support
Services.
Diana
Services.
Diana
was named
Diana
was named
was
President
named
President
ofPresident
Ashoka
of Ashoka
in
of2005.
Ashoka
in 2005.
Shein 2005.
She She
has ledhas
theled
has
worldwide
the
ledworldwide
the process
worldwide
process
of sourcing
process
of sourcing
of
andsourcing
selecting
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andleading
selecting
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social
leading
socialsocial
entrepreneurs
entrepreneurs
entrepreneurs
as Ashoka
as Ashoka
as
Fellows.
Ashoka
Fellows.
SheFellows.
has
Shecontributed
has
Shecontributed
has contributed
to the to field
theto
offield
the of
field of
social social
entrepreneurship
social
entrepreneurship
entrepreneurship
by implementing
by implementing
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a widely a widely
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a widelyrespected
tool
respected
for
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"Measuring
"Measuring
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Effectiveness"—one
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Effectiveness"—one
of the of
first
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totools
measure
tools
to measure
to measure
the impact
the impact
of
thesocial
impact
of social
entrepreneurship.
of social
entrepreneurship.
entrepreneurship.

Diana Diana
is a Diana
Fulbright
is a is
Fulbright
a and
Fulbright
Woodrow
and Woodrow
and Wilson
WoodrowWilson
scholar.
Wilson
scholar.
Shescholar.
isShe
on is
She
theonistheon the
Advisory
Advisory
Board
Advisory
Board
for Center
Board
for Center
for Center
theforAdvancement
the
forAdvancement
the Advancement
of Social
of Social
Entrepre-
of Social
Entrepre-
Entrepre-
neurship
neurship
(CASE)
neurship
(CASE)
at Duke’s
(CASE)
at Duke’s
Fuqua
at Duke’s
Fuqua
SchoolFuqua
School
of Business.
School
of Business.
of Her
Business.
Ph.D.
Her Ph.D.
Her
is Ph.D.is is
from New
from from
York
New New
University,
York York
University,
University,
and her andundergraduate
her
and undergraduate
her undergraduate
degreedegree
is from
degree
is from
is from
BrownBrown
University.
Brown
University.
University.
In 2008,
In 2008,
Diana
In 2008,
Diana
wonDiana
the
wonfirst
won
the annual
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the annual
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Womenannual
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by Running
award
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DC-based
DC-based
organization
DC-basedorganization
organization
that empowers
that empowers
that empowers
youngyoung
womenyoung
women
to be
women
political
to be to
political
be
leaders.
political
leaders.
leaders.

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Table
Table
Table
ofof
Contents:
ofContents:
Contents:

Cover
Cover
Cover
Story
Story
Story
6 6 6
A Primer
A Primer
A on
Primer
Property
on Property
on Property
Rights
Rights
Rights
by Lindsay
by Lindsay
by Clinton
Lindsay
Clinton
Clinton

Interview:
Interview:
Interview:
9 9 9
Through
Through
Through
a Funder’s
a Funder’s
a Funder’s
LensLens
Lens
Matt Matt
Bannick,
Matt
Bannick,
Omidyar
Bannick,
Omidyar
Network
Omidyar
Network
Network

Features
Features
Features
10 10 10
Leveraging
Leveraging
Leveraging
Technology
Technology
Technology
to Ensure
to Ensure
toProperty
Ensure
Property
Rights
Property
Rights
of the
Rights
ofPoor
theofPoor
the Poor
by Usha
by Usha
by
Ganesh
Usha
Ganesh
Ganesh
12 12 12
Hand
Hand
inHand
Hand:
in Hand:
in Hand:
The Linkages
The The
Linkages
Linkages
between
between
Poverty,
between
Poverty,
Poverty,
Women,
Women,
and
Women,
Property
and and
Property
Rights
Property
Rights
Rights
by Usha
by Usha
by
Ganesh
Usha
Ganesh
Ganesh

Numbers
Numbers
Numbers
and
and
Trends
and
Trends
Trends
14 14 14
Data:Data:
Data:
LandLand
andLand
Poverty
and and
Poverty
Poverty
by Nisha
by Nisha
by
Kumar
Nisha
Kumar
Kulkarni
Kumar
Kulkarni
Kulkarni

The
The
Competition
The
Competition
Competition
16 16 16
Innovative
Innovative
Innovative
Entries
Entries
and
Entries
and
Ideas
and
Ideas
Ideas
by Nisha
by Nisha
by
Kumar
Nisha
Kumar
Kulkarni
Kumar
Kulkarni
Kulkarni
18 18 18
Analyzing
Analyzing
Analyzing
the Competition:
the the
Competition:
Competition:
WhatWhat
do the
What
doResults
the
doResults
theMean
Results
Mean
for Mean
for for
Property
Property
Rights?
Property
Rights?
Rights?
by Lindsay
by Lindsay
by Clinton
Lindsay
Clinton
Clinton

Last
Last
Last
Word
Word
Word
22 22 22
Property
Property
Property
Rights:
Rights:
Rights:
It’s about
It’s about
It’s
moreabout
more
thanmore
land
thanthan
landland
by Diana
by Diana
by
Wells
Diana
WellsWells

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Special
Special
Special
Issue
Issue
Issue

Lead
Lead
Lead
Article
Article
Article

AAPrimer
APrimer
Primer
on
onon
Property
Property
Property
Rights
Rights
Rights

II I
n 2010,
mining
n 2010,
mining
n Vedanta
company,
mining
2010,
Vedanta
company,
company,
Vedanta
Resources,
planned
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planned
to build
to build
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toa build
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bauxite
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Orissa,
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in India,
Orissa,
India,
one India,
one
of India’s
of
oneIndia’s
of India’s
mostmost
underdeveloped
most
underdeveloped
underdeveloped states.
states.
However,
states.However, However,
in in in
August,
August,
August,
the theIndianIndian
the government
Indian
government
governmenthalted halted
the
halted
the the
project.
project.
project.
TheyThey determined
Theydetermined
determined
that that if the that
if theUS$
if US$
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1.7bn
1.7bn
mine
1.7bn
mine
was mine
was
sanctioned,
was
sanctioned,
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it would
it would itdisturb
would
disturb disturb
wildlife
wildlife
wildlife
habitats
habitats
habitats
in the in thearea,
in thearea, andarea,and would
and
would would
threaten
threaten
threaten
the theeconomic,
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andsocial,
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cultural
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well-being
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of theof thelocal
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people,
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Dongria
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decision
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The decision
made made
international
made
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not only
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because
not only
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it shared
it shared
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striking
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asimilarity
striking
similarity
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to theto
plotline
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plotline
plotline
of of Oscar-nominated
Oscar-nominated
of Oscar-nominated film film film
Avatar,
Avatar,
Avatar,
but butmore but
more importantly,
more
importantly,
importantly,
it demon-
it demon-
it demon-
strated
strated
astrated
land-rights
a land-rights
a land-rights
victory
victory
for
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Special
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be demonstrated. In In In

www.beyondprofit.com 9 9
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Special
Special
Special
IssueIssue
Issue

Feature
Feature
Feature

Leveraging
Leveraging
Leveraging
Technology
Technology
Technology
to to
Ensure
to
Ensure
Ensure
Property
Property
Property
Rights
Rights
Rights
of the
of of
the
Poor
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Poor
Poor
MostMost
developing
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countries
countries
countries
are are
setting
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in motion
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programs
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to regu-
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property.
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ThisThis
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innumerable
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to land
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Seldom
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It ItNotItNot all technology
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Technology
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mapping. mapping. mapping.
This ThishelpedThis
helped helped

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Special
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Special
IssueIssue Leveraging
Leveraging
Technology
Leveraging
Technology
Technology

them easily
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add easily
inaddadditional
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often
the
is often
core
at theat ofcore
the
poverty
core
of poverty
issues
of poverty issues
in issuesin in
and citizen’s
and and citizen’s
empowerment,
citizen’sempowerment,
empowerment,
says saysthat says that
densely
thatdensely
populated
densely populated
populated
developing developing
developing
countries. countries.
countries.
there isthere
a need
there
is atoneed
israise
a need
toawareness
raise
to raise
awareness
awareness
of landof land Governments
of landGovernments
Governments
must becomemustmust become
aware
become aware
of the aware
of the ofBythe
Usha ByGanesh,
Usha
By Usha Ganesh,
Senior SeniorSenior
Ganesh,
Associate,Associate,
IntellecapIntellecap
Associate, Intellecap
rights,rights,
andrights,
this
andcan and
thisbecan
this
donebe
canusing
done
be done using
socialusing
socialsocial
networks
networks
and
networkscommunication
and and communication
communication
tools tools
like tools like like
mash-ups,
mash-ups,
mash-ups,
crowd-sourcing,
crowd-sourcing,
crowd-sourcing,
and other and and otherother
engagement
engagement
engagement
devices. devices. devices.

Local Local
community
Local
community
community
organizations
organizations
organizations
can alsocan can
also also
play a play
role play
ainrole
organizing
a in
role
organizing
in organizing
community
community
community
mem- mem- mem-
bers and
bersengaging
bers
and and
engaging
them
engaging
in
them
thethem
inmapping
thein mapping
the mapping
process.
process.
Ramanathan
process.
Ramanathan
Ramanathan
says, says,
“Maps says,
“Maps
must“Maps
mustmust
be madebe made
into
be made
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into
a public
good,
a public
good,
withgood,public
with with
publicpublic
ownership.”
ownership.”
ownership.”

Stressing
Stressing
Stressing
the needthe the
need
for need
transparency,
for for
transparency,
transparency,
Ramanathan
Ramanathan
Ramanathan
says that
saysspatial
says
that that
spatial
technology
spatial
technology
technology
is critical
is critical
inisurban
critical
in urban
areas,
in urban
areas,
which
areas,
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experience
which
experience
experience
Credit: By
Credit:
Sudhamshu
Credit:
By Sudhamshu
Byvia
Sudhamshu
Flickrvia Flickr
via Flickr
migration
migration
and
migration
a and
higher
aand
higher
number
a higher
number
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value
and value
andMaps
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through
created
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through
the
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use
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ofuse
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technology
be can
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becan
leveraged
be
toleveraged
strengthen
to strengthen
toland
strengthen
reforms.
land reforms.
land reforms.

www.beyondprofit.com
www.beyondprofit.com 11
www.beyondprofit.com 11 11
Special
Special
Special
Issue
IssueIssue

Feature
Feature
Feature

Hand
Hand
Hand
ininHand:
inHand:
Hand:
The
The
Linkages
The
Linkages
Linkages
between
between
between
Poverty,
Poverty,
Poverty,
Women,
Women,
Women,
and
and
Property
and
Property
Property
Rights
Rights
Rights
Holistic
Holistic
Holistic
poverty
poverty
poverty
alleviation
alleviation
alleviation
cannot
cannot
cannot
be approached
be approached
be approached
without
without
without
tackling
tackling
tackling
the the the
issue
issue
ofissue
property
of property
of property
rights.
rights.
Property
rights.
Property
Property
rights
rights
cannot
rights
cannot
cannot
be approached
be approached
be approached
with-
with-with-
outout
talking
talking
out talking
about
about
women.
about
women.
women.

Delinking
Delinking
Delinking
gender
gender
equality
gender
equality
equality
goals
goals
from
goals
fromfrom
those
those
of those
poverty
of poverty
of eradication
poverty
eradication
eradication
makes makes
devel-
makes
devel-devel-
opment
opment
initiatives
opment
initiatives
initiatives
uni-dimensional.
uni-dimensional.
uni-dimensional.
WomenWomenWomen
are are
becoming
becoming
are becoming
poorer
poorerthe
poorer
the
worldworld
theover
world
over
as over
as as
menmenadvance
men
advance
advance
due due
to their
to
duetheir
lack
to their
lack
of access
of
lack
access
oftoaccess
to to
economic
economic
economic
opportunities,
opportunities,
opportunities,
landlandownership,
land
ownership,
ownership,
and and
credit.
credit.
and credit.

TheyTheydoTheydo
not do
not
participate
not
participate
participate
in in decision
decision
in decision
making,
making,
making,
and and
are are
and
at aat are
higher
a at
higher
arisk
higher
risk
of social
of
risksocial
of social
discrimination
discrimination
discrimination
and andexclusion.
and
exclusion.
exclusion.
Among Among the
Among the the
poor,
poor,
increasingly,
poor,
increasingly,
increasingly,
menmen aremenare
movingmoving
are onmoving
to
on toon to
Credit:
Credit:
By Meena
Credit:
By Meena
Kadri
By Meena
Kadri Kadri
non-farm
non-farm
non-farm
activities,
activities,
activities,
while while
women
while
women cultivate
women cultivate
cultivate
The potential
The potential
Theofpotential
women
of women oftowomen
contribute
to contribute
to contribute
fully fully
to society
tofully
society
to
is society
constrained
is constrained
is constrained
by illiteracy,
by illiteracy,
by lack
illiteracy,
lack
of awareness
oflack
awareness
of awareness
of of of
crops
crops
and
crops
and
tendand
tend
to tend
farms.
to farms.
to They
farms.
They
become
They
become become
rights,
rights,
andrights,
lack
and lack
ofand
resources.
oflack
resources.
of resources.
members
members
members
of self-help
of self-help
of self-help
groupsgroupsand
groups
and
engageengage
and engage
and and social social
and asset.asset.
social It provides
It asset.
provides themthem
It provides with
themwithfor withfor their
theirfor rights.rights.
their Social
rights.Social biases
Social biaseswithin
biaseswithin within
in productive
in productive
in productive
non-farm
non-farm
non-farm
activities,
activities,
activities,
but their
but their
but their
a place
a place to
a placeto live,
live, allows allows
to live, them them
allows to themto engage
engage to inengage incommunities
incommunities and and
communities families
families
and and and
families a fear
a fear
and of of
ofa fear
income
incomeincome
and andassets
and
assetsare
assetsare
ownedare
owned owned
and and and
economic,
economic, economic, social,
social, and and
social, cultural
cultural
and activities,
cultural
activities, activities,
losing losing
their their
losing only only
their support
support
only support
system systemsystem
when whenwhen
controlled
controlled
controlled
by men.
by men.byIndeed,
men.
Indeed,Indeed,
women women women
are are are
make make decisions
make decisions and and
decisions raise raise
and collateral
collateral
raise for forthey
collateral forthey fight
fightthey
them them
fightalso also
them constrains
constrains
also constrains
women.women. women.
considered
considered
considered
assets
assetsbyassets
men,
by men,by
a belief
men,
a belief
further
a belief
further
further
credit.
credit. credit. Prevailing
Prevailing Prevailing patriarchal
patriarchal patriarchal systems
systems systems
underscored
underscored
underscored
by customary
by customary
by customary
lawslaws in most
laws
in mostin most
ensureensurethat
ensurethat athat
a woman’s woman’s rightright
a woman’s to landto land
right is tiedisWomen’s
istotied
land tiedWomen’s Women’s landlessness
landlessness landlessnessdue due to dueto
landland
to land
communities
communities
communities
in developing
in developing
in developing
countries.
countries.
countries.
to that
to that of her
ofto her
that of father,
father, herbrother, brother,
father, spouse,
brother,
spouse, or orgrabbing
spouse, orgrabbing by by
grabbing malemale
byfamily
male familymembers
familymembers is is is
members
Patriarchal
Patriarchal
Patriarchal
systemsystem system
andand custom-
and
custom-custom-son son at various
at various
son at various
stages stages of her
ofstages
her of life.
life. her
They TheyThey
life. common common common
acrossacrossAsia Asia
across andAsiaand
Africa.Africa.
andAAfrica.A widow
widow A widow
aryarylawsarylawslawsincrease
increase
increasewomen’s
women’swomen’s permitpermit
only only
permit limitedlimited
only ownership
ownership
limited ownership
of of
land, land,
and
of and
land, does
and does
not not
does
have have
not
rightsrights
have to rights
theto the
landto land
the
ownedowned
land by
ownedby by
vulnerability
vulnerability
vulnerability limited
limited or
limited
noor role
noor role no in economic
in economic
role in economic decision
decision her her
decision husband
husband
her husband
-- the -- the -- family
family theholds holds
family it in ittrust
holds in trust
it in trust
LandLand
ownership
Land
ownership
ownership
becomes
becomesbecomes
important
important
important formaking.
for formaking. making.
Women Women are are
Women constrained
constrained
are by byforby
constrained for her
her forchildren.