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International Environment for First-Timers: The History and Basics

Pemanasan Global: Kebohongan Internasional?

Presiden Garuda Youth Community: David Immanuel Sihombing

In the World Lacking of Trust: The Global Warming Conspiracy

Grassroots Gap in Climate Change Debate

Green Economy : Barriers to Build the Sustainability


November s.d. 10 Desember 2010 tersebut
menginspirasi kru Bulimia untuk mengangkat
tajuk: ―Environmental Issues in the
International World: Quo vadis Climate
Change Debate?‖

S
alam BULIMIA!
Pembahasan isu-isu lingkungan dalam
Setelah setengah tahun berlalu dari konteks internasional senantiasa menjadi
sedisi sebelumnya. Bulimia (Buletin pembahasan yang rumit. Isu perubahan iklim
Ilmiah) Edisi No. 2 Tahun 2010/2011 hadir yang menjadi sorotan sejatinya merupakan
kembali ke tengah teman-teman semuanya. pembahaan yang kompleks, dengan sub-sub
Edisi ini secara kebetulan hadir di awal isu di dalamnya. Akan kadaluwarsanya
semester genap 2010/2011. Edisi ini kembali Protokol Kyoto pada 2012 menambah
menyajikan berbagai tulisan, liputan, serta runyam perdebatan mengenai isu tersebut.
ide-ide dari rekan-rekan kontibutor serta kru Dunia internasional mempertanyakan
Bulimia dari HMHI UI. Dengan ini pula, saya instumen legal internasional pengganti
sebagai ketua redaksi berterima kasih Protokol Kyoto, serta masa depan
kepada rekan-rekan kru Bulimia serta para pembahasan isu yang dipandang krusial ini.
kontributor yang telah meluangkan ide serta
waktunya mengisi edisi ini. Segenap kru Perdebatan real dari isu perubahan iklim
Bulimia telah berusaha memberikan yang tidak berhenti sampai di situ. Perdebatan
terbaik untuk dapat disajikan, untuk mengisi tersebut tidak hanya mencakup banyak
pemahaman-pemahaman baru bagi teman- pihak dengan berbagai kepentingan mereka:
teman pembaca semuanya negara-negara, organisasi-organisasi
internasional, aktor-aktor pada pasar
Belum lepas dari ingatan kita tentang perekonomian, sampai NGO-NGO.
peristiwa penting dunia internasional di Perdebatan terkini juga diwarnai
penghujung tahun 2010 lalu: Conference of ketidaksepahaman pihak-pihak mengenai isu
Parties (COP) ke-16 United Nations perubahan iklim tersebut. Banyak pihak
Framework Convention on Climate Change mulai meragukan benar atau tidaknya
(UNFCCC). Konferensi yang mengenai perubahan iklim itu sendiri, yang
diselenggarakan di Cancun, Mexico pada 29 mempengaruhi posisi dan sikap mereka

2
Salam Redaksi
dalam memandang isu tersebut.

Tantangan lain dalam pembahasan


isu perubahan iklim ialah linking
international debates to local
matters. Isu perubahan iklim
diupayakan untuk tidak hanya
menjadi pembahaan ekite-elite
negara dalam politik internasional.
Masalah-masalah lingkungan
sesungguhnya juga terkait dengan
kepentingan masyarakat luas serta
kelompok-kelompok dalam
masyarakat sipil. Suatu pekerjaan
rumah yang tak mudah, namun
harus selalu diperjuangkan oleh
semua pihak yang berkepentingan.

Akhir kata, selamat membaca!

Yohanes Nindito Adisuryo•(dito)

Bulimia HMHI FISIP UI Tahun 2011


Vol. 2 ―Environmental Issues in the
International World: Quo vadis
Climate Change Debate?‖

3
Salam HMHI
Yuhhuuuuu, Bulimia Edisi II terbiiittt!!!! *prokk prokk prokkk
prikitiiiwwwwww* JJJJ Campur aduk ya perasaannya, antara
senang dan sedih. Senang karena akhirnya BULIMIA 2nd
EDITION: Environmental Issues in the International World: Quo
vadis Climate Change Debate ini berhasil disusun sedemikian
rupa dengan totalitas tim redaksi maupun para kontributor dengan
sangat baik, tapi sedih juga karena ini akan jadi edisi terakhir di
masa kepengurusan HMHI 2010-2011.
Terima kasih kepada tim redaksi yang telah bekerja sekian lama
untuk BULIMIA, termasuk BULIMIA edisi lalu, BULIMIA 1st
EDITION: Prediksi Hubungan RI-AS: Democracy and Interfaith
Dialogue. Terima kasih juga sama teman-teman yang sudah
menjadi kontributor, baik yang tetap maupun tidak tetap dalam
Bulimia ini. Semoga setelah dua edisi Bulimia ini, manfaat yang
diterima baik bagi para kontributor maupun pembaca setia bisa
sangat terasa yaaaa. Tidak lupa juga kepada seluruh pembaca
yang sudah menaruh perhatiannya kepada Bulimia ini, semoga
Bulimia ini akan terus ada dan semakin baik lagi di kepengurusan
selanjutnya. Amin!!
Last but not least, buat para pembaca, maksimalkan penggunaan buletin ini secara
bijak yaa. Say no to plagiarism, respect others!!

Best regards,
Muti Dewitari•(muti)

Puji Tuhan! Divisi dan proker ini sudah berhasil menelurkan dua orang sarjana sosial
cum laude pula.haha. Terimakasih atas dedikasi dan kerja keras tim terutama Dito,
Tangguh,Tama dan Rindo atas terbitnya BULIMIA 2nd Edition. Kalian team yang
hebat, thanks for the sharing and iced strawberry milks! Beyond proud.
Setelah cukup lama debat sana-sini akhirnya terpilih juga tema ini, karena memang
banyak anak HI yang cukup concern ke isu ini. Terimakasih buat semua kontributor ,
whoaa,meleleh tulisan-tulisan kalian bagus-bagus dan sangat kritis. Semoga
pembaca bisa menikmati meskipun agak sedikit berat. Kalau perlu difotokopi, biar
tetangga kosan dan mama papa bisa ikut
baca. Semoga ketajaman dalam menulis
tidak berhenti dalam review dan upaya
menyenangkan hati dosen, tapi juga hati
teman-teman JMeskipun ini akan jadi
KETUA: Bulimia edisi terakhir kepengurusan Nyonya
Muti Dewitari (Muti) Muti, tapi saya berharap pengurus
KEPALA DIVISI KEILMUAN: selanjutnya bisa meneruskan Bulimia lagi,
Carolina D. Rainintha Siahaan (Rain)
tentunya dengan inovasi lebih baik lagi.
ALAMAT:
Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, kampus Rainintha Siahaan•(rain)
UI Depok 16424

4
▄ Resensi
▄ Pengantar
6 Andhyta Firselly dan
Utami
International
Review
Environment for First- 22 Buku
Timers: The History Hot, Flat, and Crowded
and Basics 31 Film
Race to Witch Mountain

▄ Main Features
11 Darang Sahdana Candra
▄ Liputan
Pemanasan Global: 25 Yohanes Nindito Adisuryo
Kebohongan Internasional? IndonesiaMUN 2010:
19 Caroline Putri Pratama Challenging Future
In the World Lacking of Challenges: Bringing
Trust: The Global Warming Diplomacy Forward
Conspiracy
27 Indah Gilang
Grassroots Gap in Climate
▄ Questionnaire
Change Debate 38 Perspektif Hijau Manakah
35 Avina Nadhila Widarsa Kamu?
Green Economy : Barriers
to Build the Sustainability

▄ Tokoh
14 Presiden
Garuda
Youth
Community
David
Immanuel
Sihombing

5
Introduction
Andhyta Firselly Utami
International Environment
for First-Timers: The History
and Basics

picture: learningfundamentals.com.au

Thucydides in History of The dilemma with transnational issues


Peloponnesian War or Morgenthau such as global warming. Shortly, the
in Politics Among Nations obviously term ‗environment‘ was once an
did not have any say on how ‗alien‘ for most international relations
greenhouse gas concentrations in scholars.
the atmosphere may cause
dangerous anthropogenic “Question: what are the
interference with the climate system. justifications for bringing
The concept of political border, „environment‟ to the international
national prosperity, and power stage?”
maximizing once used to live
peacefully without any clash or United Nations Conference on the

6
Introduction

Environment and Development


which is also known as The Earth
Summit. The United Nations at that
time sought to help governments
reassess their economic
development and find ways to halt
the destruction of non-renewable
natural resources and pollution of
▲ The logo of United Nations Framework the planet for generations to come.
Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) This summit produces several
guiding principles on patterns of
Human Environment in Stockholm, production, alternative sources of
1972, produces several points that energy, reliance on public
possess extreme importance as the transportation systems, growing
foundation to hundreds of today‘s scarcity of water, and—most
environmental movements. Attended essentially—the United Nations
by representatives from 113 Framework Convention on Climate
countries, 19 intergovernmental Change. [2] Briefly, the framework
agencies, and more than 400 categorizes countries into three
intergovernmental and parties: (1) Annex A: industrialized
nongovernmental organizations, this countries and countries in transition,
conference put forward several (2) Annex B: developed countries
proclaims and principles on the which pay for costs of developing
issue of protection and improvement countries, (3) developing countries;
of human environment, including and encourages all members to
how it becomes ‗the urgent desire of conduct policies in accordance with
the peoples of the whole world and their role globally. These parties
duty of all governments‘.[1] have been meeting annually in
Conferences of the Parties to
“Then when exactly did all the examine progress in dealing with
fuss start?” climate change. While the first COP
took place in Berlin, the last was in
Brazil might be a proper country to Cancun, Mexico (2010).
commence with. In June 1992,
departing from an awareness to “It did not sound very convincing.
show commitment on greenhouse Do we have more binding rules?”
gas (GHG) emissions stabilization,
as many as 172 countries and 2,400 In 1997 when the 3rd COP was held
representatives of non-governmental in Kyoto, the parties decided to
organizations (NGOs) assembled in target for more tangible actions. One
Rio de Janeiro for an unprecedented of the first stepping-stone ideas is to
United Nations Conference on reduce as much as 5% against 1990
[1] http://www.unep.org/
[2] http://www.un.org/geninfo/bp/
Documents.Multilingual/Default.asp?
enviro.html
documentid=97&articleid=1503

7
Introduction

This mechanism allows a


country with emission-reduction/
limitation commitment (Annex B
Party) to implement an emission
-reduction project in developing
countries.

C. Joint Implementation
A country with an emission-
reduction/limitation (Annex B
Party) commitment may also
earn emission reduction units
levels over the five year period 2008 (ERUs) from an emission-
-2012, especially for 37 reduction project in another
industrialized countries and the Annex B Party.
European community.[3]
The protocol is therefore generally
Albeit adopted on December 11th, seen as an important pace towards
2007, this protocol came into force a truly global emission reduction
on February 16th 2005, due to
necessary discourses and more
discussions upon the new
international ‗threat‘. In addition to
the primary targets that must be met
through national measures, Kyoto
Protocol offers several instrumental
means of three market-based
mechanisms which were expected
to help stimulate green investment
and parties to meet their emission
targets cost-effectively:

A. Emissions trading (‗carbon


market‘)
To put it simple, countries that
have emission units to spare
(permitted but not “used”) may
sell this excess of capacity to
countries whose production
exceeds its threshold.

B. Clean development mechanism


(CDM)

[3] http://unfccc.int/kyoto_protocol/ ▲ An Inconvenient Truth, Al Gore’s 2006


items/2830.php documentary film about global warming

8
Introduction

regime that will stabilize CHG "Each one of us is a cause of global


emissions as well as provides warming, but each one of us can
essential architectures for any make choices to change that with
the things we buy, the electricity we
international agreement on climate
use, the cars we drive; we can make
change. It assists the new choices to bring our individual
international framework which is carbon emissions to zero. The
expected to be established by the solutions are in our hands, we just
end of the first commitment period of have to have the determination to
the Kyoto Protocol in 2012. The make it happen. We have
documents are currently still everything that we need to reduce
negotiated and ratified and aimed to carbon emissions, everything but
political will. But in America, the will
deliver the need to more stringent
to act is a renewable resource."
emission reductions.[4]
“So, global warming is really
“What about Al Gore‟s
happening? I thought it is now
Inconvenient Truth?”
snowing everywhere?”
Unlike security or economic issues,
The term ‗global warming‘ itself
environmental problems recognize
explains that earth is experiencing a
more role of the society as one of
condition in which sun-rays can‘t be
the most crucial and significant
filtered properly and might lead to
stakeholders. In rising public
extensive increase of its surface‘s
awareness, most of the credits
temperature. However, current news
should be given to (Albert Arnold) Al
and weather reports have
-Gore with his campaign in ―An
surprisingly reported unusual
Inconvenient Truth‖ (book and
phenomena such as shocking news
movie) which was intended to
exhibiting massive snowfall in parts
educate American—the world, in the
of Sydney, snowing 49 states of
end—citizens about the ongoing
America including Hawaii, closure of
global warming.[5] Since the film’s
Heathrow Airport, as well as
release in 2006, it has been
collapse of Minneapolis‘ Metrodome.
acknowledged as a re-energizer for
Some people might start to think:
environmental movements. Some
―Isn‘t ‗global cooling‘ a more
schools even inserted the
appropriate term?‖ or ―Would these
documentary in their science
anomalies show that the mighty
curricula.[6]
theory was wrong?‖
The following is an excerpt to his
Here‘s the truthful secret: the jet
famous conclusion in the end of the
stream that normally flows westward
movie:
-eastward now shifted and move
[4] ibid. southward and northward instead,
[5] http://www.algore.com/about.html bringing extra moistures and cold
[6] http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/ temperature of Alaska and
national/an-inconvenient-truth-included-in- Antarctica from Siberia to East Asia,
school-curriculum/story-e6frf7l6- Central Europe, and even Australia.
1225943964775 [7]

9
Introduction

These strange series of events to other conventional subjects such


make the international community as security and economy, is
realizes that global cooperation is relatively new and unexplored.
severely needed in order to tackle However, that is precisely why the
the problem of tremendous climate study of international environment
change. For this reason, would give you opportunities for
environmental issues are mostly intriguing discoveries and
handled in Transnational Society development of theories that can be
cluster under international relations
useful for the aggregate study of
study, recognizing how the matter international relations. There are
needs trans-border attention and questions that remain unanswered
real actions which cannot purely be such as the effectiveness of the
relied on the government. three mechanisms provided by
Kyoto Protocol and what kind of
“Okay. What‟s next?” rules do we actually need to make
them more binding. Whether you like
True it is that the issue of it or not, they may become the task
international environment, compared for our generation to accomplish.

[7] http://www.virginia.edu/uvatoday/
newsRelease.php?id=7496

picture: thebestofzambia.com

10
Main Feature
Darang Sahdana Candra
Pemanasan Global:
Kebohongan Internasional?

Tentu picture: trendsupdates.com


kita
semua pernah mendengar Gore beredar luas di bioskop-
mengenai isu pemanasan global. Isu bioskop. Film tersebut menyajikan
ini merupakan salah satu isu yang pemaparan mengenai dampak
amat eksis di dunia internasional mengerikan pemanasan global
belakangan ini. Pemanasan global terhadap lingkungan hidup kita di
sendiri kurang lebih merupakan planet ini.
suatu paham bahwa suhu Bumi
meningkat dengan lebih cepat akibat Isu pemanasan global ini juga
polusi dan eksploitasi lingkungan masuk ke ranah organisasi
hidup yang berlebihan semenjak internasional. PBB dan World
Revolusi Industri. Hal tersebut Meteorogical Association (WMO)
konon akan menimbulkan dampak membentuk Intergovernmental
yang membahayakan Bumi. Titik Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
tolak meningkatnya ―pamor‖ isu ini di yang salah satu tugasnya adalah
dunia internasional adalah saat film melakukan mitigasi (pencegahan)
An Inconvenient Truth karya mantan dan adaptasi (penyesuaian) agar
Wakil Presiden Amerika Serikat Al umat manusia dapat menghadapi

11
Main Feature

pemanasan global dengan siap.[1] berkampanye mengenai dampak


Selain itu, berbagai konferensi buruk pemanasan global dan dapat
seperti Kyoto Protocol, UNFCC, dianggap sebagai ―nabi‖ dalam isu
Copenhagen Summit, dan Cancun pemanasan global ini. Akan tetapi,
Climate Change Conference gaya hidupnya sama sekali tidak
menjadikan pemanasan global mencerminkan hal yang Ia
sebagai salah satu pembahasan kampanyekan. Ia memiliki beberapa
pokoknya. Dalam konferensi- vila mewah yang amat luas serta
konferensi tersebut, sebagian besar menggunakan listrik belasan kali
negara berdebat mengenai lipat lebih boros dibanding rata-rata
pentingnya mengurangi emisi rumah di sekitarnya, tentu tanpa
karbon, terutama dari penggunaan pembangkit listrik yang ramah
bahan bakar fosil dan penebangan lingkungan.[2] Selain itu, vila lainnya
hutan. Janji-janji pengurangan emisi di Montecito memiliki luas 1,5 acre
serta insentif-dana segar pun lengkap dengan kolam renang, spa,
bertebaran di konferensi-konferensi air mancur, enam buah perapian,
tersebut. lima kamar tidur, dan sembilan
kamar mandi.[3] Sungguh sebuah
Jika kita melihat secara sepintas, pemborosan khas orang kaya yang
pemanasan global tampak sebagai tidak mempedulikan lingkungan
sesuatu yang sudah pasti, didukung hidup.
oleh penelitian berbagai ilmuwan,
dan merupakan sesuatu yang harus Terlepas dari gaya hidup Al Gore,
diurus secara struktural oleh negara, pemanasan global sendiri
kalangan usaha, maupun sebenarnya masih menjadi
masyarakat sendiri. Namun, perdebatan di kalangan ilmuwan. Dr.
pernahkah kita mempertanyakan William Gray dari Universitas
eksistensi pemanasan global itu Colorado telah melakukan penelitian
sendiri? Apakah kita dapat mengenai iklim global sejak tahun
mempercayai begitu saja bahwa 1980an menemukan bahwa
pemanasan global memang benar temperatur bumi tidak menunjukkan
terjadi? gejala pemanasan secara konstan,
justru antara 2001-2008 yang terjadi
Untuk sedikit memperlihatkan adalah pendinginan.[4] Inter
keanehan dalam prahara Academic Council (IAC) yang terdiri
pemanasan global ini, kita dapat dari beberapa universitas terkemuka
mengambil contoh dari sang
pembuat film ―populer‖ yang telah [2] “Al Gore Purchases Huge New Mac-
disebutkan sebelumnya, Al Gore. Ia Mansion“, diakses dari http://
merupakan penerima Nobel www.globalwarminghoax.com/news.php?
lingkungan hidup atas usahanya extend.135
[3] Lauren Beale, Los Angeles Times , “Al
[1] Edward A. Page, Climate Change, Justice Gore, Tipper Gore snap up Montecito-area
and Future Generations, (Cheltenham: Ed- villa”, diakses dari
ward Elgar Publishing Limited, 2006), hala- http://articles.latimes.com/2010/apr/28/
man 7. home/la-hm-hotprop-gore-20100428

12
Main Feature

di dunia juga menemukan berbagai tidak mau mengurangi emisi


kebohongan yang dilakukan oleh karbonnya, serta penyebaran isu
IPCC. Kebohongan tersebut antara pemanasan global untuk dapat
lain laporan bahwa 55% daratan menarik pajak lebih tinggi.[7]
Belanda berada di bawah Ditambah lagi, berbagai ―diplomasi
permukaan laut (yang ternyata kotor‖ juga dilakukan Amerika
hanya 26%) dan mengenai Serikat dalam Copenhagen Summit,
pencairan gletser di Pegunungan termasuk mengancam negara-
Himalaya (yang ternyata justru negara kecil untuk mengikuti
makin menebal).[5] kehendaknya.[8]

Informasi terbaru datang dari situs Oleh karena itu, pemanasan global
fenomenal WikiLeaks. Situs tersebut dapat dikatakan sebagai suatu isu
membocorkan kawat-kawat yang bahkan eksistensinya masih
diplomatik dari Copenhagen perlu diperdebatkan. Berbagai
Summit, yang isinya makin informasi baik versi media massa,
mendukung pendapat bahwa negara, dan organisasi masyarakat
pemanasan global merupakan sipil yang meyakini pemanasan
sebuah kebohongan internasional global sedang terjadi maupun
yang struktural.[6] Kawat-kawat sebaliknya dapat dengan mudah kita
yang dibocorkan sebagian besar temukan. Pada akhirnya, kembali
memperlihatkan mengenai kepada diri kita masing-masing
kepentingan Amerika Serikat untuk untuk memilih informasi mana yang
tidak meratifikasi Protokol Kyoto, akan kita percayai.

picture: oneworldscam.com

[4] Alan Caruba, “Standing Firm against ‘full-fledged, 100% fraud’”, diakses dari
Hurricane of Lies”, diakses dari http:// http://ecopolitology.org/2010/12/14/its-
canadafreepress.com/index.php/ arti- official-for-limbaugh-wikileaks-exposes-
cle/28947 climate-change-as-full-fledged-100-fraud/
[5] Donna Bowater, “Climate Change Lies are [7] ibid.
Exposed”, diakses dari http:// [8] Dan Brennan, “WikiLeaks Reveals the
www.dailyexpress.co.uk/posts/view/196642 Dirty Diplomacy of Climate Change”, diakses
[6] Timothy B. Hurst, “It’s Official for Lim- dari http://www.wsws.org/articles/ 2010/
baugh, WikiLeaks Exposes Climate Change as dec2010/ clim-d15.shtml

13
Tokoh
Presiden Garuda Youth Community
David Immanuel Sihombing

▲ Garuda Youth Community (GYC) organisasi pemuda di Asia Tenggara yang didirikan di
Indonesia pada 2009. GYC menggunakan pendekatan inovatif dalam isu-isu Green
Technology, Pendidikan dan Soft-skill, Jender dan Human Trafficking, serta Fair Trade dan
Entrepreneurship

▼ Berbagai aktivitas Garuda Youth Community. Gambar: davidsihombing.wordpress.com

Bulimia: Selamat pagi. Kami dari Bulimia: Lalu, bagaimana kaitan


Bulimia HMHI FISIP UI. Terima Anda dengan organisasi Garuda
kasih banyak atas kesediaan Anda Youth Community (GYC), dalam arti,
untuk hadir pada wawancara ini. sejak kapan Anda mulai terlibat
Boleh tahu siapa nama lengkap dalam organisasi dan bagaimana
Anda? posisi Anda dalam organisasi ini
serta pergerakannya?
David: Pertanyaan yang sulit.
Hahaha. Nama saya David David: GYC sendiri menjadi agenda
Immanuel Sihombing. utama yang akan saya dan 2 rekan
saya lakukan sekembalinya dari
Bulimia: Boleh tahu latar belakang lawatan di Hungaria, Juli 2008 lalu.
pendidikan terakhir Anda? Bertemu dengan pemimpin muda di
berbagai dunia yang aktif melakukan
David: S1 Teknik Sipil-Lingkungan perubahan banyak menginspirasi
Universitas Indonesia, saat ini kami untuk melakukan hal serupa di
sedang menjalani (hopefully) masa- Indonesia. Kami ingat betul
masa akhir di perkuliahan. Singkat bagaimana anak-anak muda itu
kata, saya sedang menyusun berkisah tentang pergerakan yang
skripsi. dipeloporinya dimulai dari hal kecil,
kemudian kini berkembang pesat
14
Tokoh

dan akhirnya mampu menggerakan golongan/partai tertentu, kami


sebagian besar anak muda di kota mandiri walau kami tidak menutup
masing-masing untuk melakukan kerjasama dengan pihak lain untuk
community service maupun menggarap proyek bersama.
kampanye di berbagai isu, bahkan
hingga isu yang terbilang sangat Kini, setelah melalui satu tahun
sederhana: stop facebook-ing, when perjalanan, GYC telah banyak
you get nothing to do while mengalami perubahan internal,
homeworks await to complete! dimana kini GYC fokus di bidang
pemberdayaan anak muda untuk
Sementara, kami sendiri menyadari lingkungan yang dilakukan dalam
Indonesia bisa dikatakan cukup bentuk program pendidikan/edukasi
tertinggal dalam pergerakan berwawasan lingkungan,
pemberdayaan anak muda. Hal ini ecopreneurship, kampanye dan
mungkin mulai terasa gaungnya advokasi dan lain sebagainya. Bulan
saat ini, namun jika kita berbicara Maret nanti, GYC berencana untuk
tentang angka partisipasi, mereka bergerak sebagai CSR Consulting:
yang bersikap apatis dan tak tahu bermitra bersama perusahaan yang
menahu masih mendominasi ramah sosial dan lingkungan dan
ketimbang mereka yang sadar akan lembaga-lembaga pemerintah untuk
potensi dirinya dan mau melakukan program-program sosial-
mengembangkannya sebagai lingkungan.
bentuk servis untuk masyarakat
maupun lingkungan. Bulimia: Kapan GYC berdiri dan di
manakah organisasi tersebut
Dari hal tersebut dan dibangun pertama kali menginisiasikan
dengan mimpi yang besar, GYC pun aktivitas atau pergerakannya?
didirikan oleh 3 mahasiswa UI. GYC
ini didirikan dengan tujuan untuk David: GYC berdiri pada bulan
mengasah kepekaan dan Januari 2010 lalu. Sesuai dengan
meningkatkan partisipasi anak muda tujuan di awal pembentukan,
dalam melakukan perubahan pergerakan GYC dimulai dari isu-isu
melalui pengembangan potensi, yang ada di ranah lokal. Awalnya,
bakat, dan kemampuan yang bekerjasama dengan salah seorang
disalurkan dalam bentuk proyek dosen dan mahasiswa TL 2008,
pengabdian masyarakat dan GYC melakukan proyek lingkungan
lingkungan. dengan menghadirkan sebuah
sistem pengolahan limbah padat
GYC bukan komunitas formal, kami yang terintegrasi di Departemen
bergerak secara informal, Teknik Sipil, dimulai dari pengadaan
berorientasi nirlaba dan independen. tempat sampah pilah yang baru
Kami bukan organisasi yang menggantikan tempat sampah
mengedepankan nama untuk meraih sebelumnya yang sudah tidak layak
popularitas, seperti kebanyakan guna, pengadaan bak kompos untuk
yang terjadi di ‚organisasi anak pengolahan limbah organik dan
muda‗ atau organisasi mitra bekerjasama dengan pemulung
15
Tokoh

untuk penanganan limbah kertas Lingkungan Hidup, JWFC-RC,


dan plastik, sehingga saat petugas Dewan Kesenian Jakarta dan
kebersihan UI datang, limbah yang Akademi Jakarta dan berbagai pihak
tersisa sudah terminimisasi dan lainnya serta dukungan dari media
tidak menjadi beban bagi kampus yang telah banyak membesarkan
lagi untuk menangani persoalan nama GYC, seperti Media
limbah yang tak tertanggulangi Indonesia, The Jakarta Post, Green
jumlahnya saat seluruhnya Radio FM dan RRI Pro2 FM.
dikumpulkan di lokasi pembuangan
akhir. Bulimia: Apa bentuk-bentuk utama
dari aktivitas GYC, yang berada
Ini awal pergerakan kami di ranah dalam platform green movement
lingkungan yang dimulai dari skala atau “gerakan hijau“?
kampus, hingga kemudian kami
melakukan sejumlah kampanye dan David: Kami bergerak melalui 3
advokasi sebagai program kerja pilar: edukasi (pendidikan), advokasi
lanjutan, seperti penyebaran angket,(kampanye) dan teknologi
propaganda gaya hidup hijau dan (engineering). Kami melihat bahwa
meramaikan beberapa acara isu lingkungan memiliki keterkaitan
lingkungan yang digagas berbagai dengan seluruh rumpun ilmu. Ambil
fakultas di UI sebagai pemateri/ contoh, isu limbah. Permasalahan
pembicara. sampah tidak akan selesai hanya
dengan penyediaan sistem
Dari skala kampus, kemudian kami pengolahan limbah yang didukung
mulai bergerak teknologi canggih dimana limbah itu
secara bahkan dapat berubah menjadi
nasional, emas 24 karat. It makes no sense,
setelah adanya jika tidak didukung kampanye yang
ajakan proaktif dan edukasi yang yang
kerjasama menyentuh seluruh elemen
dari pihak- masyarakat. Segala upaya menjadi
pihak lain, sia-sia, jika pengembangan
seperti tekonologi tidak didukung dengan
Kementerian upaya perubahan mindset (pola
berpikir) dan perilaku setiap orang.
Percuma, dihadirkan tempat
sampah yang dipilah berdasarkan
jenisnya, jika orang-orang itu tidak
peduli terhadap isu lingkungan,
bukan?

Selain itu, pergerakan yang


dilakukan secara sendiri akan
memberikan dampak yang tidak
◄ David Immanuel Sihombing

16
Tokoh

lebih luas jika gerakan tersebut akademik.


didukung oleh pihak-pihak lainnya.
Di sinilah fungsi keberadaan GYC, Disitulah gerakan hijau yang kami
menjembatani kepentingan dan usung, yaitu: gerakan yang
aspirasi masyarakat sipil dengan mengelaborasi multi-disiplin dan
para pemangku kebijakan dan mengkolaborasi seluruh aspirasi dan
pelaku industri, sehingga terwujud kepentingan berbagai pihak melalui
sebuah win-win solution dalam program edukasi, advokasi maupun
bentuk kolaborasi untuk peningkatan teknologi untuk lingkungan.
kualitas lingkungan hidup demi
terwujudnya pembangunan Bulimia: Boleh kami tahu, apa
berkelanjutan. Seperti program GYC motivasi gerakan hijau tersebut
di bulan September lalu, fenomena serta tentu saja pendirian organisasi
reklamasi menjadi kontroversi, ini?
kalangan industri dan pemerintah
kubu terkait menilai ini adalah David: Motivasi kami satu:
langkah revolusioner untuk meningkatkan kepekaan dan
meningkatkan laju perekonomian partisipasi anak muda untuk
negara secara signifikan, namun melakukan perubahan lingkungan.
LSM lingkungan dan pemerintah Motivasi ini yang menjadi landasan
kubu kontra yaitu Kementerian pendirian GYC yang kini mulai juga
Lingkungan Hidup menilai reklamasi digerakan di kampus lainnya, seperti
telah mengakibatkan pencemaran UNPAD, UGM, dan kampus-kampus
besar-besaran di kawasan pesisir, lainnya.
sehingga ekosistem pun hancur dan
masyarakat lokal semakin Bulimia: Bagaimana “gerakan hijau“
terpinggirkan. Di sini, GYC hadir, tersebut dibentuk atau diprogram;
menggaet pihak pro, seperti Dinas dalam arti, bagaimana strategi dari
Pemerintah Kota Jakarta Utara dan gerakan hijau tersebut, apakah
Pihak Pengembang Kawasan Pantai program tersebut merupakan suatu
Utara dengan pihak kontra seperti program berbasis proyek (project-
Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan based program) yang diinisiasi
WALHI serta pihak netral, yaitu secara independen, serta membuka
akademisi yang diwakili ahli tata kerjasama multi-parti dengan
ruang dari UI dan reklamasi dari ITB banyak stakeholders?
ke dalam sebuah program solutif
dengan menjaring ide-ide inspiratif David: Keduanya. Kami tidak
dari anak muda melalui perlombaan terpaku dalam aturan yang justru
karya ilmiah senasional. Masterplan mengekang aspirasi dan kebebasan
yang masuk pun menjadi masukan dalam melakukan perubahan. GYC
pengembangan Jakarta Utara bagi adalah gerakan pelopor kolaborasi
seluruh pihak, sehingga disini dapat antar rumpun ilmu dan golongan
dilihat peran GYC sebagai wadah masyarakat. Kami bermitra dengan
aspirasi anak muda untuk civitas akademik, pelaku industri dan
didengarkan oleh para pemangku pihak pemerintah di beberapa
kebijakan, pelaku industri dan civitas program yang kami lakukan,
17
Tokoh

sebagai contoh, kami bermitra pendanaan, GYC akan membuka


dengan berbagai LSM dan institusi jasa CSR Consulting bagi
terkait untuk melakukan kampanye perusahaan-perusahaan, baik milik
#konsumenbijak dan menghadirkan negara maupun swasta. Saat ini,
situs panduan bagi konsumen GYC tengah menangani 2
Indonesia tentang produk-produk perusahaan swasta dan profit yang
yang beredar, sehingga konsumen diperoleh menjadi pendanaan bagi
pun tahu apakah produk yang GYC untuk melakukan program
dibelinya itu ramah lingkungan (jejak pengabdian bagi lingkungan.
karbon rendah), ramah sosial (tidak
mempekerjakan buruh di bawah Bulimia: Apa ekspektasi GYC ke
umur atau melakukan penindasan depannya terkait dengan gerakan
terhadap buruh, khususnya buruh Green Movement yang
perempuan) dan aman dan sehat dilaksanakan?
untuk dikonsumsi. Saat ini, GYC
juga bermitra dengan ‗YoungOnTop‘ David: Gerakan ini bisa menyentuh
dan rencananya turut menggandeng seluruh lapisan masyarakat. Yang
Kedutaan Besar Amerika, British menjadi tantangan justru bagaimana
Council dan Kementerian bisa merubah mindset orang-orang
Lingkungan Hidup untuk menggelar untuk semakin peduli terhadap
program pelatihan kepemimpinan lingkungan. Kami juga berharap ‗ide‘
dan pembinaan isu lingkungan bagi yang kami usung ini bisa lahir dan
pelajar SMA yang akan dimulai berkembang di daerah-daerah
bulan Maret-April nanti. lainnya di luar jangkauan kami. Kami
justru jumawa jika komunitas baru
Sebagian program lainnya juga lahir dengan visi misi dan bentukan
dilakukan secara madani dan yang sama. Di ‗dunia‘ aktivisme
mandiri, seperti proyek revitalisasi seperti ini, justru kolaborasi dan
pengolahan sampah skala kampus korporasi mewujudkan perubahan
yang dimulai dari departemen. yang lebih signifikan dan menyentuh
masyarakat.
Bulimia: Bagaimana kontribusi
pendanaan dari aktivitas-aktivitas Bulimia: Apakah masyarakat umum
tersebut? dapat bergabung ataupun
berkontribusi dalam kegiatan diatas?
David: Kami selalu memaksimalkan Bagaimana?
di setiap kegiatan untuk mendekati
―zero cost‖ dengan mengoptimalkan David: Tentu saja. GYC adalah
jejaring yang dimiliki dan bermitra kumpulan relawan yang peduli dan
dengan berbagai pihak yang mau berkontribusi untuk lingkungan.
memiliki minat sama. Namun, untuk Kami membuka kerjasama dengan
beberapa proyek yang memang mitra/pihak lainnya dengan
dilakukan GYC sendiri, kebanyakan mengontak kami melalui email di
pendanaan datang dari sukarelawan garudayouthcommunity@gmail.com
maupun aktivitas fund-raising GYC. atau kontak saya secara langsung di
Kedepannya, untuk mendukung 08568592618.•(tama)
18
Main Feature
Caroline Putri Pratama
In the World Lacking of
Trust: The Global Warming
Conspiracy
►The Great Global Warming Swindle, a
2007 documentary film suggesting that
the scientific opinion on climate
change is influenced by funding and
political factors, and questioning whether
scientific consensus
on anthropogenic global warming exists
made by British television producer
Martin Durkin

environmental
damage caused by pollution and
The earth is illegal exploitations in nature, which
―sick‖—you can say that she is will all lead to one same fear: the
apparently having ―fever‖. At least, extinction of mankind.
that is what people have been
debating aboutthese past few years; This common perception of fear has
about the term ―global warming‖, in influenced people worldwide. Having
which the earth is said to get hotter acknowledged that the problem is
day by day because accumulation of not bounded by regions, people
carbon dioxide in the surface of the started to be aware of the issue and
earth, causing it to be more to try to figure out applicable
unfriendly to its inhabitants. They solutions to handle the problem. We
are talking about the increase of can see the results of this
natural disasters all over the world, awareness everyday, like, catch-
the rising of the sea level because of phrases such as ―Go Green‖, ―Save
the increase of temperature, the the Planet‖, or ―Bike to Work‖ have
biodiversity decrease, the been more familiar to our ears these
19
Main Feature

days. Other examples are that then what is the purpose of it? More
recycling industries and extra- specifically, if this is conspiracy
curriculars have been pretty popular, conducted by the liberals, then what
or that companies have been doing do they want to do exactly, and why
CSR (Corporate Social do those scientists fake it?[3] Is it to
Responsibility), more specifically, enlarge the market and gain profit?
Coca-cola Company alongside Is it the great-power states strategy
TransJakarta which have been for an international meme to
doing the campaign ―Keep Jakarta influence others? To this
Clean‖, or The Body Shop which phenomenon, Yglesias shared his
have used recycled bottles for their thoughts that U.S Senator James
products and in support of ―Against Inhofe and other climate-change
Animal Testing‖. See how this have deniers should see the motives of
been an impact for the past few this event is not as ―plausible‖; he
years? questioned why China, which is
seen to see the environment as
Then again, there was this shocking crucial or significant, has no
news that concept ―global warming‖ response to the conspiracy emails.
is nothing but a conspiracy. There [4] Both sides have their own
were a thousand emails and arguments, yet the big question is
hundreds of documents from the still unanswered: which one is the
University of East Anglia's (UEA) truth?
Hadley Climate Research Unit
(CRU) which were leaked to the Responding to the case above, it
Internet back in 2009.[1] The emails can be seen that the world,
and documents dated variously, especially when it comes to the
stretched as early as 1996 up to involvement of any forms of ―power‖,
2009.[2] The content is pretty much is not able to be seen it is. Scientists
able to be generalized as provoking might have faked it for wealth, or
the idea that ―global warming‖ is not position. Companies might support
happening, as can be proved by the this to reduce costs. Countries might
documents attached with the mails. support it for devisa. It seemed that
every possibility on both positions is
People all over the world were logical. It seemed both are true, and
responding this case in different that it is needed to take a standpoint
ways, whereas a few of them were in responding the situation.
being sceptical. They were
questioning: if this is conspiracy, Let‘s think in a different point of
view. Since the case has come up,
[1] Meagher, Stewart., “Emails Expose The
Global Warming Conspiracy”, accessed from [3] Merchant, Bryan., “Debunking the Great
http://www.theinquirer.net/inquirer/ Global Warming Conspiracy”, accessed from
opinion/1563419/emails-expose-global- http://www.treehugger.com/files/2009/11/
warming-conspiracy, on Wednesday, Feb 9, great-global-warming-conspiracy.php, on
2011, 08.29 p.m. Wednesday, Feb 9, 2011, 08.33 p.m.
[2] Ibid. [4] Ibid.

20
Main Feature

there might be a possibility of some areas in the world have trash


conducting a further study on problems, or uneven distribution of
whether ―global warming‖ is clean water, or haze problems.
happening, or not, and this study Whether the concept is real or not,
may take years. In the meantime, those kinds of problems exist, and
what should be done? If we are those should be the major attention
stuck on choosing which side should of the issue, not the concept. It is
be trusted, then it might be a waste best to see what is currently
of time. What if it is true and we, in occuring rather than debating which
that meantime, do nothing to reduce logic is true and do nothing about
pollution? Will we not result to the current condition.
extinction as feared? What if the
conspiracy is nothing but an issue? Thus, on this world of such variety of
Is living in a polluted area giving us thoughts, where people were trying
any benefit either? to convince each other, seeing what
is immediate and needs handling is
In the end, it does not matter much more important. Rather than to focus
which side one should trust; it does on the debate of whether ―global
not matter even if one does not trust warming‖ is true, having concerns
the world. What one should look up towards environmental problems
to is to do what is needed to do. occuring and making solutions to
Individuals, or societies of the world overcome it is what we should be
should be more concerned that thinking about more deeply.

picture: andyhoffner.com

21
Resensi
Yohanes Nindito
Hot, Flat, and Crowded
Thomas L. Friedman

Judul Buku: Hot, Flat, and Crowded:


Why We Need A Green Revolution
and How We Can Renew America
Penulis: Thomas L. Friedman
Rilis: New York, 2008
Penerbit: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux

oleh manusia dalam pembangunan.


Kritik-kritik dan perdebatan yang
begitu lepas ala Friedman tersebut
dituangkannya dalam buku berjudul
―Hot, Flat, and Crowded: Why We
Thomas Friedman Need A Green Revolution and How
telah mampu menambah khasanah We Can Renew America‖ ini.
masyarakat luas mengenai
perkembangan dunia internasional Secara implisit, dalam buku ini
melalui karya best-seller-nya, The Friedman menempatkan Amerika
World is Flat. Namun tak cukup Serikat (AS) dalam pembahasan
hanya di situ. Setelah panjang-lebar utama mengenai ‗revolusi hijau‘
dan secara komprehensif membuka yang dimaksud. AS dianggapnya
tabir pesatnya globalisasi dan sebagai aktor kunci dalam
fenomena-fenomena dari perubahan-perubahan ke arah
dampaknya berbagai belahan bumi, pandangan dan sikap-sikap yang
Friedman kemudian bicara lebih ‗ramah lingkungan‘ pada dunia
mengenai ‗sesaknya‘ bumi serta internasional. Hal ini bukannya
lingkungannya, akibat dari kemajuan tanpa dasar. Dalam hal konsumsi
serta pilihan-pilihan yang diambil energi saja, AS menempati ‗tahta‘

22
Resensi

sebagai pengonsumsi energi strategi nasional AS yang


terbesar di dunia. Dalam konsumsi ditawarkan oleh Friedman, yang
minyak bumi saja, AS meraup disebutnya sebagai ―Geo-
hampir 30% dari keseluruhan Greenism.” AS bukan hanya harus,
konsumsi bahan bakar fosil sedunia. namun juga perlu untuk hal tersebut.
Friedman mengatakan bahwa
Dunia saat ini telah begitu ‗pengap,‘ strategi yang ambisius tersebut tidak
‗panas,‘ dan tercemar karena hanya secara normatif untuk
pembangunan ekonomi yang begitu menyelamatkan bumi yang makin
pesat. Di tengah meningkatnya kehilangan daya dukung
kebutuhan energy dalam jumlah lingkungannya. Strategi tersebut
besar untuk mendukung terus juga ditujukan untuk menyelamatkan
berjalannya pembangunan; kedigdayaan AS sendiri sebagai
kerusakan lingkungan, bencana kekuatan global yang utama, agar
alam, serta fenomena-fenomena dapat makin ‗kaya,‘ inovatif,
yang terkait dengan perubahan iklim produktif, dan tentunya juga ‗aman.‘
telah begitu merugikan banyak
pihak, termasuk AS sendiri. Di Dengan begitu, revolusi hijau yang
tengah situasi yang seperti itu, dialamatkan Friedman bukan saja
Friedman melihat AS tetap saja perkara domestik AS saja. AS dan
belum mengambil sikap radikal, para pengambil kebijakan di
yang begitu ―green‖ untuk ke baliknya begitu dituntut untuk dapat
depannya. Baginya, AS tetap saja mengatur penciptaan terobosan-
dipandang selalu menghindari peran terobosan tersebut. Persoalannya,
-peran penting untuk menginisiasi terobosan tersebut tak hanya cukup
sebuah revolusi hijau, terutama pada pengadaan teknologi-teknologi
dalam tataran internasional. AS serta sumber energi terbarukan
begitu takut untuk kehilangan ataupun
supremasinya, terutama dalam aktivitas-
ekonomi, jika ia harus bersikap lebih aktivitas
‗hijau‘ lagi masyarakat
akar rumput
Terkesan ambisius, memang. Agak dalam
utopis, jika Amerika dipikirkan untuk mendorong
mampu memimpin revolusi hijau di
‗Era Energi dan Iklim‗ (the Energy-
Climate era) ini. Revolusi hijau
tersebut dibangun dari sebuah
► Thomas Friedman. Selain Hot, Flat, and
Crowded (2008), ia telah menulis berbagai
buku yang memperoleh kesuksesan
komersial, seperti From Beirut to
Jerusalem (1989), The Lexus and the Olive
Tree (1999), Longitudes and Attitudes
(2002), serta yang paling terkenal The
World Is Flat (2005).

23
Resensi

pemakaian teknologi ramah belum lagi usai. Posisi AS? Entah


lingkungan. Mutlak pula diperlukan mau atau tidak menempatkan diri
kehadiran pasar dan sistemnya dalam inisiatif hijau yang radikal,
yang juga ‗peka‘ pada agenda- pemaparan Friedman yang begitu
agenda hijau. Perdebatan ini terlihat apa adanya ini dirasa dapat selalu
akan semakin panjang jika melihat menjadi pertimbangan untuk para
pasar perekonomian dan strukturnya pengambil kebijakanya, apabila
yang masih terus belum masih mau terys mempertahankan
mengintegrasikan agenda-agenda supremasinya di era ‗Energi-Iklim‘ ini
hijau tersebut. Skema tersebut ke depannya.• (dito)
seolah menjadi tarik-menarik yang

▲ Keempat buku
Friedman lainnya yang fenomenal

▲ The Garden of Earthly Delights, yang dijadikan desain sampul Hot, Flat, and Crowded,
adalah lukisan panel oleh pelukis Belanda Hieronymus Bosch (1450–1516) dan tersimpan di
Museo del Prado di Madrid sejak 1939.

24
Liputan
Indonesia Model UN
Challenging Future Challenges:
Bringing Diplomacy Forward
Yohanes Nindito Adisuryo

▲ Suasana simulasi sidang model PBB dalam rangkaian kegiatan Indonesia MUN

Inilah simulasi sidang Perserikatan Rangkaian acara ini dibuka secara


Bangsa-Bangsa (PBB) pertama di resmi pada Minggu, 24 November
Indonesia: Indonesia Model United 2010, yang juga bertepatan dengan
Nations (IMUN) 2010! Acara dengan ulang tahun ke-65 PBB. Acara
tema ―Challenging the Global pembukaan IMUN 2010 yang
Challenge: Bringing Diplomacy dimeriahkan oleh pemotongan
Forward‖ ini diadakan dari tanggal tumpeng dan penampilan dari
23 hingga 27 Oktober 2010, oleh Komunitas Tari FISIP UI ini dihadiri
Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik oleh rektor UI, Prof. Dr. derSoz.
(FISIP) UI. Acara ini diikuti oleh 165 Gumilar Rusliwa Somantri; dekan
mahasiswa dari berbagai universitas FISIP UI., Prof. Dr. Bambang Shergi
di Indonesia serta lima orang Laksmono, serta Direktur United
delegasi mahasiswa dari negara- Nations Information Centre (UNIC)
negara ASEAN lainnya, ditambah for Indonesia, Michele Zaccheo.
dengan 10 orang observer. Lima Acara pembukaan ini kemudian
orang di antara observer tersebut dilanjutkan dengan studium
juga merupakan mahasiswa dari generale dengan tema utama energi
negara-negara ASEAN: 2 nuklir dan pengaruhnya dalam
mahasiswa dari Filipina, 2 perpolitikan internasional.
mahasiswa dari Singapura, dan satu Pembicara yang hadir diantaranya
orang dari Vietnam ialah Prof. Dr. Juwono Sudarsono;
25
Main Feature

Edy Prasetyono, Ph.D; Bantarto Diskusi tersebut mengambil studi


Bandoro, Ph.D; serta Direktur kasus permasalahan nuklir Korea
Konservasi Energi Kementerian Utara. Dalam simulasi sidang
Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Dewan Keamanan PBB, peserta
Republik Indonesia, Maryam Ayuni. dihadapkan pada situasi
internasional terkini, dimana
Simulasi sidang PBB dalam IMUN pengaturan internasional mengenai
2010 terbagi atas tiga komite utama, nonproliferasi nuklir menjadi hal
yaitu UN General Assembly (Majelis yang dipertaruhkan. Untuk itu,
Umum PBB), ASEAN Regional peserta memang diharapkan untuk
Forum, dan UN Security Council mampu berpikir out of the box untuk
(Dewan Keamanan PBB). Majelis memastikan terciptanya serangkaian
Umum PBB merupakan komite persetujuan nuklir internasional
terbesar dengan partisipan untuk menengahi perdebatan
terbanyak, yang menjadikan komite tersebut.
ini terlihat sebagai representasi
kegiatan utama dalam IMUN 2010. Tidak hanya simulasi-simulasi
Dalam komite ini, IMUN sidang semata. IMUN 2010 juga
mengharapkan peserta mampu menampilkan acara Cultural Night
membawa diskusi ke tahap yang pada 26 Oktober 2010 di FISIP UI,
lebih lanjut mengenai masa depan untuk semakin merekatkan
penggunaan nuklir, bagaimana keakraban antar peserta. Dalam
‗menghumanisasi‘ nuklir, sebagai acara ini, setiap peserta, termasuk
sarana dalam menjamin perdamaian peserta dari negara-negara ASEAN
dunia. Diskusi dalam ASEAN lainnya, diwajibkan memakai pakian
Regional Forum memperkenalkan adat dari daerah asal masing-
pentingnya preventive diplomacy masing, seperti tarian, lagu-lagu,
sebagai kunci dari negosiasi dan dan sebagainya.
lobi yang dilakukan oleh negara-
negara yang terlibat dalam suatu IMUN 2010 telah menjadi perintis
penanganan isu internasional. awal terciptanya wadah ataupun
fórum-forum di Indonesia dalam
Gambar: Grup Facebook IndonesiaMUN
pelatihan simulasi diplomasi bagi
kaum muda. Kemampuan diplomasi,
bagi kaum muda dan mahasiswa,
sesungguhnya sangat penting untuk
dapat membawa diri baik dalam
mewakili bangsa dan negara
maupun dalam mengangkat
kesadaran pada isu-isu internasional
yang menjadi perhatian bersama.
Dengan IMUN 2010, mahasiswa
diharapkan semakin mampu ke
depannya, dalam Challenging the
Global Challenge: Bringing
Diplomacy Forward!•(dito)
26
Main Feature
Indah Gilang
Grassroots Gap in Climate
Change Debate

We all agree when the earth suffers vulnerable, yet least informed peo-
from climate change, we only have ple toward climate change issue.
ourselves to help our mother nature.
The dangerous human interference A march for the protection of envi-
with the climate system results in the ronment has been concerted
change in our climate. Environmen- throughout diverse actors and fields.
talist and practitioners has explained United Nations conferences, interna-
to us how the climate system of our tional students' forum, academic
earth significantly changing and af- debate in classes, corporate social
fect our lives: rainy season through- responsibility, and civil society
out the year, freezing winter, ex- movement. In international forum,
treme weather and storm, La Nina- United Nations member states
El Nino, and the rising of sea level to pledged to reduce carbon emission
name a few. The urgency of climate and set up sustainable carbon emis-
change has come to be a prominent sion projects, including technology
issue in international relations. Inter- transfer and financial aid to fights
national community calls for collec- against climate change. Bali Road-
tive action to mitigate the effects of map, Copenhagen Accord, and Can-
climate change. Its question day by cun Adaptive Framework are a set
day has come into discussion of of legal mechanism signed as road
high-level politics of policy makers to map to mitigate climate change.
design the best solution responding Developing countries are urged to
the problem. However, while the save their rain forest and plant man-
world leaders of countries are debat- grove along seaside to prevent abra-
ing on who is wrong or right, threat sion. Industrialized countries have to
of climate change remains inevitable pay a sum of cash as for their car-
and messes up the lives of the most bon emission surplus to developing

27
Main Feature

country. those groups comprising their cur-


rent situation.
Non-states actors are also come into
actions. Industries are now using As the weather goes extreme in the
green technology, indicating their sea and turns into storm, which is
responsibility towards sustainable dangerous for marine transportation,
future. Urban people are now more fishermen live along the coast of
and more are back to nature, they most developing countries should
bike while they go to work, school, suspend their fishing activities until
campus, and travel around the city. the weather is favorable for their
People are now encouraged to apply work. Consequently, fishermen lost
green lifestyle: using green labeled their loss of income opportunity from
product, using double sided paper, fisheries. Their wives have nothing
effective water and electricity usage, to do with fisheries related indus-
installing biopores around houses tries—making shrimp paste, oyster
and office, etc. stew, fisheries packing—when the
stock of commodities are not there.
While world leaders convene to As commonly fishing is the only skill
reach one universal voice of political they have, they have nothing to do
will, class rooms are crowded with besides waiting until the wilderness
the climate change debate amongst of sea can be tamed while they de-
academic and politician, multina- pend on loan for their living. Yet, that
tional corporations are now more is not the end of the miseries. There
obliged to a set up legal environ- is also the rise of fisheries commodi-
mental responsibility, do their debate ties price in market due to lack of
even touch people in the grass- stock. The price of tuna in Jayapura
roots? raised over 100 %, from Rp35,000
per head, now turns up to
Without our notice, there are multi- Rp100,000 per head.[1] The bad
ple groups of people at the most weather in the sea also disturb
risky and vulnerable fronts towards barge
the drawbacks of climate change.
Those who are reliant to fisheries, As the season system remains un-
farming, logistic marketing, and predicted and the rains falls almost
other related field, out of our atten- all year, the farming system in the
tion and their knowledge, are the whole year were messed up. In
victims of climate change. Without some area of Indonesia the rice field
any further suffering from climate is in drought, while in other part
change difficulties, commonly, they drown in flood. The flower of chili
are the people living below poverty
lines. When their works are hindered [1] Benny N Joewono, “Cuaca Buruk, Harga
by multiple climate change prob- Ikan Naik 100 Persen”, Kompas.com, Febru-
lems, the problems will affect their ary 3, 2011, retrieved from http://
daily income as well as their ability regional.kompas.com/
for sustainable living. Let me take read/2011/02/03/17392873/
concrete example on the lives of Cuaca.Buruk..Harga.Ikan.Naik.100.Persen

28
Main Feature

cannot bloom in the sowing time Government can count how much is
since the rain keeps falling in dry loss when the distribution of com-
season. The farmers fail to harvest modities is disturb. The hike of price
their crop. Consequently, there is a would be the logical consequence.
significant drop in chili stock in the And again, the drawbacks of climate
market, while the high demand of change touch the most vulnerable
chili for home usage, restaurant, and grassroots.
multiple food factories remains un-
changed. The invisible hand of The explanation of the current situa-
economy then takes its part and tion in the grassroots affected by the
interfere the price. In early January climate change phenomenon should
2011, the price of chili rocketed up come into a rethinking. Does the
to Rp95,000 per kilogram in East climate change debate touch the
Java area.[2] This price are varied problem in the grassroots? This criti-
amongst the region, but it still re- cal question indicates that so far
mains around Rp80,000. Since chili there is a gap between the debate of
is one of the basic important com- climate change and the realities in
modities of most people in Indone- field. I find two critical problems
sia, numerous parties are in loss. needed to be addressed in the de-
Farmers cannot enjoy the full har- bate of climate change issue: strate-
vest; restaurant should reduce the gic program target and information
chili usage in their food and sauce; dissemination.
and of course our food will no longer
spicy. First, the agreement and discussion
in the international and country level
The extreme weather due to climate do not reach the target in the grass-
change disturbs the commodities roots. The lives of the poor and the
distribution, especially those which vulnerable people are sometimes
depend on inter-island sea transport. out of topic, discriminated from the
Due to bad weather in Sunda Strait, mainstream question in the discus-
ferries cannot sail from Merak Har- sion. The solution to save the cli-
bor to Bakauheni Harbor in Lam- mate is so far revolve around the
pung, Sumatra. Trucks are 10- emission of carbon in developed
kilometer-traffic-jam to wait onto the countries, sophisticated industries,
ferry and have waited for three days and the production of nature-friendly
get into the ferry. Jakarta-Medan trip technologies. There are very limited
that used to take three days three debate or even the strategic pro-
nights, in the bad weather condition gram from the government for peo-
like that could take up to a week. ple in the coast, farmers, and others.
[2] Triono Wahyu Sudibyo, “Gubernur When the fishermen cannot go to
Jateng: Biar Cabai Naik, Asal Jangan Beras”, sea and they loss they income, do
detikFInance, Januari 3, 2011, retrieved from the government have strategic pro-
http://www.detikfinance.com/ gram to assist these helpless people
read/2011/01/06/162059/1540709/4/ when they cannot work because of
gubernur-jateng-biar-cabai-naik-asal-jangan- the climate change? Do the govern-
beras ment intervene when the prices of
29
Main Feature

commodities hike up due harvest What fishermen and sailors know is


failure, bad weather, and bad traffic that the sea is going wild and it is
in the distribution system? So far, safer for them not to challenge the
they do not. nature. The information about cli-
mate change and even the critical
Furthermore, those who are in the debate about it still revolve around
very disadvantage position do not well-educated people: academic,
really have idea what is happening. practitioner, professionals, and pol-
Their comprehension about climate icy-makers to name a few. Once
change is still very few to under- again, people in the grassroots are
stand that there is bigger thing hap- discriminated in the target of infor-
pening beyond what they already mation dissemination.
know: climate change. What farmers
know is that the weather is in anom- Those two critical problem are
aly without any idea what makes it needed to addressed very soon. The
happen. high-level debate does create solu-
tion and agreement, yet needed
to be more strategic and do reach
the most vulnerable target. Climate
change issue is far beyond the envi-
ronmental problem, now it reaches
multiple fronts. The victims of cli-
mate change are multifarious peo-
ple. As the awareness to climate
change problem has raised, now this
is the time to eliminate the gap.

Picture: Taken from front cover of Time


(Special Environment Issue), April 28, 2008.

30
Review
Rindo Saio
The Rock, The Aliens and
The Greener Earth
The Review of 2009‟s Celebrated
Family Flick „Race to Witch
Mountain‟

I would not call this movie


everyone‘s favorite. But god, do I
guarantee that ‗Race to Witch
Mountain‘ is truly a great cinematic
experience. Fun, exciting,
captivating, thrilling—all the positive
emotions you can feel and all the
kind words you won‘t mind to spread
around. Yet the most justified reason
of why you should (momentarily)
escape all academic stuffs and stick
to this family flick for a little while is
because of the highly noteworthy
virtue it tries to convey, and to be
honest, relates quite well with the Director: Andy Fickman
issues oftentimes addressed in the Producer: Andrew Gunn, Mario
field of International Relations Iscovich, Anne Marie Sanderlin
itself—only with cooler CGI effects, Written by: Andy Fickman, Mark
more imaginative storyline and Bomback, Matt Lopez

Music by: Trevor Rabin


Starring:
Cinematography: Greg Gardiner
Dwayne Johnson, AnnaSophia Editing by: David Rennie
Robb, Carla Gugino, Ciarán Distributed by: Walt Disney
Hinds, Alexander Ludwig, Tom Pictures
Everett Scott, Chris Marquette Release date: March 13, 2009
31
Review

challenging premises. Sounds two lovable teenage actors. And as


interesting, huh? Yes that‘s really the witty energetic love interest to
something. But hold on a sec, there Dwayne Johnson, Carla Gugino is
are still some excitements that you as radiant as ever. In addition to the
need to chew before landing into the four main casts, we also have
main treat. So here you go; the Ciarán Hinds and Tom Woodruff, Jr
casts & the plot. who give all convincing performance
as the despicable bad guys.
It may come as a surprise for you to Outstanding casts all around that
find who the real deal of this movie. warrant you an absolute joyful
Ever heard of ‗The Rock‘ ? O yeah, cinematic experience to grasp the
it surely brings back the good old simple yet noble message it aims to
memory of the heyday. I remember convey.
back then, when I first watched
WWE-Smackdown with my teen Now talking about the plot, just like
friends and wondered, ―Wow, is that another science fiction, it may not be
dude God? Look at those hopeless slightly believable at all. But isn‘t that
pity-looking wrestlers he smacked! the beauty of it? Dwayne Johnson is
Epic win!‖ Never mind that silly Jack Bruno, a rough-around-the-
quotation, but I definitely have a edges Las Vegas cab driver in
point and you have to admit it—The search of a more fulfilling life than
Rock was quite legendary. Of his troubled past. We learn early on
course, The Rock is dead now— that he has had a less-than-honest
long live Dwayne Johnson!—but the background and was previously
God-given charisma that separates employed by some shady
him from all the other ex-wrestling businessmen in the Las Vegas
lugs out there remains. And underworld. One day, not too long
exclamation mark again, he after what appears to be a UFO is
continues to impress with the solid sighted in the Nevada desert, Bruno
performance and likable presence meets the first of three people that
as the troubled hero in this movie. In will change his life around forever.
fact, there are three other major Dr. Alex Friedman (played by Carla
casts that offer all equal Gugino) is an astrophysicist who is
excellent performances. in Las Vegas to speak on the
You may not be familiar existence of life on other planets at a
with AnnaSophia UFO convention. Although they only
Robb and Alexander speak briefly in the first encounter,
Ludwid yet. Jack quickly dismisses her as just
But another nut-job who believes in the
seriously, impossible and the absurd. The next
they both two people he encounters are Sara
are (AnnaSophia Robb) and Seth
golden— (Alexander Ludwig), two normal-
◄Race to Witch Mountain stars
Dwayne Johnson as Jack Bruno.

32
Review

▲One of the scene in Race to Witch Mountain, showing Jack Bruno (Dwayne Johnson), Sara
(AnnaSophia Robb), Seth (Alexander Ludwig), and Dr. Alex Friedman (Alexander Gugino).

looking kids who are in an way to save their planet without


extraordinary situation and have invasion but were arrested before
paranormal abilities. After the kids completing their experiment. To
convince Jack to drive them to their save both worlds, they must retrieve
destination by waving thousands of their spaceship and return home.
dollars, he quickly realizes that But the problem is, their spaceship
something is definitely not right. was taken to the secret California
government base called Witch
These kids are not who they appear Mountain, led by Henry Burke
to be. In regards to where they come (Ciarán Hinds). So there goes the
from, Jack is in for the surprise of his noble mission and thrilling race to
life. Turns out, Sara and Seth are Witch Mountain in order to free their
two alien children who crash-land on spaceship from the government unit
Earth in an effort to recover a piece and deceive ‗the siphon‘—played by
of evidence that will save their dying Tom Woodruff, Jr—an alien
planet, which has been polluted to assassin sent by the alien
the point of inhabitability. The government to stop the mission.
conflict exists when its government
intends to invade Earth, despite the So what‘s the noteworthy virtue
idea being unpopular among the anyway? Well there are surely many
majority of their race, so that their ways to interpret it, ranging from the
kind may survive. Seth and Sara's parallel example of the unbearable
parents are scientists who sought a pollutions that our beloved earth is
33
Review

now facing to another cliché that budgets and resources, both natural
other people from the other worlds and human. At the end, it is the
(as referred to Sara and Seth) seem earth that has to bear the impact of
to care about the safety of our world these ongoing invasions at all costs.
much more than we do. But my way How do we explain the impacts of
to interpret it, I really want to arm forces that use some dangerous
emphasize on the misguiding weapons (like chemical and nuclear)
policies oftentimes coming from the during invasions to the fears of the
governments or people with higher people and environment?
leverage to attain their goals (albeit
noble) by violating the right of However then, just like another great
others. Of course, we are not going picture, this movie also leaves the
to have that classic debate again in audiences with profound motivation
defining what is right or wrong—the to be the hero for the greener earth.
effective or misguiding policies. Yet It asserts the importance of the
in the simplest sense ever, one active chivalry and boldness of the
surely can not call it ‗right‘ or people to say NO to the government
effective when the policy is when the policy is harming the earth
sacrificing the environment of others and its citizens—just like what Sara
only to guarantee their covetous well and Seth did. Well, I guess that‘s
-being, as exemplified by the really in line with what we all learn in
notorious intention of the alien IR about the importance of Civil
government who has bigger Society Organizations (CSOs) or
leverage to annex the earth. The Global Civil Society for a larger
sad thing is, even in the earth—the appeal. That way, we can assure a
only one world we all live in; such more peaceful and preserved
illustration was also and still is environment for generations to
prominently featured. We call it come,
‗invasion‘ in the more popular term
nowadays. And to satisfy this ill- So, how does it provoke you so far?
fated goal, not only the strong The greener earth, anyone?.•
governments sacrifice the freedom (rindo)
of innocent citizens in the invaded
states, but also the right of their own
citizens in the form of misallocated
C ORE
STORY  S
PICTURE 
SCREENPLAY 
SOUND 
 Outstanding performances—the cast shines through all the scenes,
the message (to preserve the earth) conveyed, and cool musics all
around!
 The story is somewhat unreal/too imaginative, CGI effect is
captivating yet monotonous, and there are graphic violences—not
safe for kids.
34
Main Feature
Avina Nadhila Widarsa
Green Economy : Barriers
to Build the Sustainability

Picture: bankofnaturalcapital.com

significant
The idea of barriers that prevent firms from
green economy transitioning to renewable energy
has been increased sources. ―Going green‖ is associated
nowadays. Green economy is the with high external costs, high future
alternative way to control fossil fuels commercial rates, and high costs for
production by changing the source research, development, and
of energy into the renewable marketing. In addition, the current
resources one. It replaces the situation of global economic
"black" economy model which recovery after the global recession,
depends on fossil fuels product such make "going green" is considered
as oil, coal, and natural gas to the too risky for many companies to face
environmental friendly economy the possibility of market failure for
model. Solar, wind and hydropower the sake of environmental
are several names which can be protection. Thus, the role of
used as renewable energy government are required to find a
resources. Green economy model is green economy model that
now trying to sustain. Despite the financially viable.
spread of environmental concern
and activism throughout According to Anil Markandya and
governments and businesses Kristen Halsnaes (2002), as
around the world, there exist many environmental problems worsen and

35
Main Features

public and government concern has and to accommodate renewable


risen, many firms have considered resources is both technically and
transitioning to renewable energy financially improbable. These
sources. However, there are a established power plants, which run
number of barriers such as market off of coal, natural gas, or petroleum,
barriers, technical constraints, must be replaced instead of
institutional barriers, and human converted. This demands a huge
capacity barriers that prevent such financial and technological
change. The most significant of investment. Furthermore, the
these four categories are market existing power plants currently
barriers – it is simply not cost- employ millions of workers in each
effective for businesses or power- country. Many of these workers do
producing plants to transition to not have the skills or education to
renewable energy. Some key work at a solar power plant or a wind
aspects of the market barrier energy plant. If fossil fuel-based
problem include the existence of plants become replaced, their
monopolies, entry barriers, workers will essentially be left
externalities and public goods, and completely jobless, causing
price distortions and the absence of significant macroeconomic damage.
price signals. It is for sure will Lastly, human capacity barriers limit
harmed the existence of industry the expansion of renewable energy
that use the fossil fuels as energy corporations. With green technology
resources and will take long time to being a relatively new scientific
replace it by renewable energy development, there is a huge lack in
resources. In the category of sufficient education level and depth.
institutional barriers, there is no Many of the employees who work at
established institutional system for green tech firms are required to
green firms in most countries had have higher education degrees and
become the most important barrier. more training in order to produce the
Currently, many of the emerging same amount of energy as another
companies are plagued by employee at a traditional power
inefficiency, inertia, and collective plant. Additionally, these workers
action problems. Again, government also are more costly in terms of
role is needed to increase their wages, benefits, and insurance. On
administrative capacity to be more top of the increased cost and
successful in implementing their education time required for these
legislative policies. Technical employees, there is also a limited
constraints also introduce numerous supply of them. If green tech wants
challenges to overcome. The most to expand more, then it is imperative
important is the problem of capital that they have a trained and
irreversibility. According to capital competent supply of labor, a
irreversibility theory, many resource that is severely limited.
developed nations already have an
established energy infrastructure; So, there are many barriers to
the turnover to convert that sustain the green economy model.
infrastructure to be energy-efficient The cost of this new model is just
36
Main Feature

too much and for developing manipulation and corruption in green


countries that still need their industry subsidies is higher because the lack
to develop it is very crucial to of control to company who use it.
maintain the needs of fossil fuels Therefore, the system and control
energy. In other side, global mechanism should be build from the
environmental problems should also civil society so that the subsidies go
be our concern because climate to the right place.
change and other environmental
issues have affected human beings. Actually, in my opinion, it is still hard
It is acknowledged that the long-run for us to build the sustainable green
solution for the global environmental economy. Still, we are not ready
problem is to increase funding for enough to counter global
climate science in search of low-cost environmental problems with the
technology to help the world replace global green economy model. The
its dependence on fossil fuels and green trends should not be only
the industrial consequences of trends that will disappear soon. We
harmful chemicals and pollutants. should try to apply the green model
However, at this point in history, the to help our earth recover from
world does not have the resources environmental damage. Therefore,
or the technology to go completely the roles of three actor in
green. Thus, according to Lester International Relations i.e. State,
Rowntree (2006) it is widely Private Sector and Civil Society is
regarded that the short-term very important to build the more
approach to help world replace its sustainable and environmental
dependence on fossil fuels is for friendly world.
governments to create market
incentives for industries and Sources :
corporations to become more
environmentally conscious through Rowntree, Lester et al. Diversity
the distribution of green subsidies. Amid Globalization, 3rd Edition.
Merely, the green subsidies can help New York: Prentice Hall, 2006.
promote a growing green industry
and create new high-tech job. Markandya, Anil and Kristen
However, there also inherent Halsnaes. Climate Change &
problems that exists with the Sustainable Development. Riso
distribution of green subsidies. It is National Laboratory, 2002.
acknowledged that if
just government
funding goes alone,
the chances for

Picture: toonpool.com

37
Questionnaire
Perspektif Hijau Manakah
Kamu?

Dalam studi ilmu Hubungan Internasional, kita semua tentunya telah memahami
bahwa isu-isu lingkungan merupakan suatu ‘asupan’ baru bagi pembahasan HI,
setidaknya dalam tiga dekade terakhir. Asupan tersebut dibawakan dalam suatu
perangkat pemahaman yang “hijau,” yang kita kenal dengan ‘teori hijau’ atau
“green theory.” Sebagai suatu pemikiran yang diambil dari pembahasan
lingkungan dan keruangan, green theory berupaya ‘masuk’ dan mengisi ruang
yang ada di dalam tiga perspektif utama kajian HI: pengkajian strategis, ekonomi-
politik internasional, dan masyarakat transnasional. Sejalan dengan proses
tersebut, dari elaborasi yang terjadi, dapat diintisarikan tiga “perspektif hijau”
yang lebih bersifat/ada pada ranah pembahasan HI, yaitu: Ecological Security,
Sustainable Development, dan Environmental Justice. Lantas, kira-kira termasuk
yang manakah pandangan teman-teman? Jawablah pertanyaan-pertanyaan
berikut ini. Selamat mencoba!

1. Manakah istilah-istilah berikut bagi lingkungan sekitar kita,


ini yang terdengar paling sexy dan jika meluas akan menjadi
atau passionate bagi teman- ancaman bagi masyarakat,
teman. bangsa, dan negara kita!
a. Forest Conservation and b. Wah, prihatin jika sampai
Rights to the Indigenous terjadi wabah. Tentu orang-
People orang yang kurang mampu
b. Environmental Security semakin berat beban
c. Green Industry and hidupnya untuk menanggung
Production biaya berobat.
d. Les murs d’amour (Tembok- c. Wah, kemungkinan ada
tembok Cinta) degradasi lingkungan dan
wabah penyakit. Tentu ini
2. Ada banyak lalat dan nyamuk di sangat menghambat
lingkungan rumah kita. produktivitas masyarakat
a. Wah, lalat dan nyamuk dalam perekonomian. Lebih
adalah sumber penyakit dan parah lagi, bisa menghambat
tanda tidak sehatnya investasi nih! Ujung-ujungnya,
lingkungan sekitar kita. Ini FDI negara bisa turun nih!
adalah ancaman ketahanan d. Banyaknya lalat ialah pesan-

38
Questionnaire

pesan yang melesapkan kata- orang banyak, tanpa


kata busuk ke dalam hati memandang latar belakang
yang menganga. Banyaknya dan identitas mereka.
nyamuk ialah bisikan yang b. Ialah bagian dari rasa
menghisap darah-darah kecintaan pada bangsa dan
penuh racun luka dari nadi- tanah air kita. Turut menjaga
nadi berjelaga. kelestarian lingkungan pula
berarti turut menjaga
3. Bapak Presiden RI Susilo ketahanan nasional kita.
Bambang Yudhoyono c. Cinta lingkungan itu berarti
mencanangkan gerakan turut menjaga kelestarian
lingkungan ―One men One lingkungan dalam rangka
Tree― dan ―Tanam Satu Miliar tetap mempertahankan daya
Pohon‖ dukung lingkungan, agar
a. Ya ampun, program aktivitas pemenuhan rumah
pencitraan lagi ya, pak Beye? tangga masyarakat dapat
Pasti álbum berikutnya terus terjamin
bertema lingkungan atau d. Menjaga keindahan di
pohon-pohon gitu deh! sekeliling kita: Hutan, sungai,
b. Pak, selain itu lebih baik gunung, pantai, semuanya;
dianggarkan pula dana karena semua keindahan itu
pemerintah untuk rehabilitasi ingatkanku padamu, pujaan
taman-taman nasional kita... hatiku, yang buatku tak henti
Ingat, itu semua aset nasional menuliskan sajak-sajak meski
kita lho, pak! pena dan kertas telah habis
c. Lebih baik anggarkan dan waktu telah usai.
dananya untuk program
rehabilitasi hutan-hutan serta 5. Kamu lagi mampir di
ekosostemnya, termasuk STARBUCKS. Ada menu kopi
pemberdayaan masyarakat baru, dari biji kopi bermutu
lokal yang hidupnya tinggi asli dari Afrika
bergantung dari hutan. a. Wah, kebetulan nih mau
d. Lebih baik anggarkan untuk ekspansi bisnis kedai kopi.
rehabilitasi hutan-hutan Harus dapat informasi
produksi. Kan menunjang detailnya
kelangsungan produksi b. Langsung buka gadget atau
komoditi yang terkait dengan laptop, searching tentang kopi
perhutanan, tuh! tersebut dan perkebunannya
Telusuri data-data penting:
4. Menurut loe, ―Cinta lingkungan― berapa upah para pekerjanya,
itu apa sih? bagaimana kondisi para
a. Tentu, tanggung jawab dan pekerjanya – apakah terjadi
rasa memiliki pada eksploitasi yang tak wajar,
lingkungan sekitar kita, analisis dampak
karena kelestarian lingkungan lingkungannya, dll.
mencakup hidup dan hak c. Wah, pengen tahu cara
39
Questionnaire

bikinnya! Lumayan buat lingkungan serta memperkuat


nemenin nonton Liga pergerakan masyarakat untuk
Champion gitu. semakin mampu dan berdaya
d. Langsung hubungi instansi- d. Kerja bakti adalah latihan dan
instansi terkait: Masih bagian dari bela negara,
baguskah ketahanan produksi camkan itu!
kopi nasional kita, daya
saingnya di pasar 8. Isi berita hari ini: Ramalan
internasional, daya dukung cuaca-mendung sepanjang hari
lingkungannya, dsb. dan berpeluang hujan; Kapal-
kapal di Pelabuhan Merak
6. Tentang isu “perubahan iklim“: belum berani melaut karena
a. Tantangan pada advokasi gelombang tinggi; Banjir
lingkungan hidup yang kian merusak lahan-lahan pertanian
meningkat. Semakin banyak di banyak daerah. Badai dan
kelompok masyarakat topan melanda beberapa
marginal yang dirugikan, wilayah negara.
b. Harus ada strategi nasional, a. Ancaman bagi perekonomian!
perkuat kebijakan-kebijakan Jalur distribusi dan
nasional yang terkait. Terus perdagangan terhambat!
pantau, apa ini cuma akal- Gimana nih?
akalan negara besar untuk b. Cuaca ekstrem kian
menakuti-nakuti? menggila. Tingkatkan
c. Bagaimanapun kampanye untuk penghentian
pembangunan harus tetap perusakan lingkungan!
dilanjutkan. Hanya saja, c. Siaga nasional pada
siasat-siasat dan terobosan persediaan-persediaan
yang jitu, serta kooperasi strategis, terutama pangan
antar stakeholders harus dan bahan bakar. Kebijakan-
diupayakan. kebijakan strategis harus
d. Perubahan iklim sama sekali diambil segera!
tak membuat keberadaan hati d. Mendung, hujan, badai: itu
dan rasa ini berpaling darimu inspirasi baru bagiku untuk
seorang. menuliskan stanza-stanza
kerinduanku yang tak
7. Di lingkunganmu ada kerja berbalas lagi berbatas ini
bakti. padamu.
a. Wah, boleh nih! Saatnya
kongkow sama temen-temen 9. Sekumpulan besar kawanan
sekalian cuci mata... Sapa tau burung terbang melintas
ada yang nyantol..hehehe... a. Apa?!? Mereka bermigrasi ke
b. Hmm.. Iya juga sih mesti ikut. arah negara tetangga! Wah
Kalo lingkungan bersih kan gawat! Jangan-jangan ntar
gue juga yang dapet untung! diklaim jadi fauna nasional
c. Kerja bakti turut memupuk mereka!
tanggung jawab sosial pada b. Namanya juga burung.
40
Questionnaire

Secara morfologis, mereka Kunci Jawaban akan dicocokkan ke


memang dimungkinkan untuk dalam:
dapat terbang.  ES (Environmental Security)-
c. Ah itu cuma burung-burung oriented
liar, bukan burung-burung  SD (Sustainable Development)-
yang dapat diberdayakan oriented
untuk menghasilkan nilai
ekonomis
 EJ (Environmental Justice)-
oriented
d. Itu peringatan! Mungkin
tempat asal mereka telah  O – others, mungkin perspektif
mengalami kerusakan hijau-a la loe gak masuk
lingkungan yang parah! pembahasan HI, coy!
•(dito)
10. Kalo loe punya anak, loe mau
arahkan dia untuk
a. Mampu berkompromi dan
berkontribusi untuk mampu a b c d
meningkatkan kerja sama- 1 EJ ES SD O
kerja sama dalam
perekonomian di era 2 ES EJ SD O
perubahan iklim ini
b. Aktif di gerakan kepanduan, 3 O ES EJ SD
sehingga punya rasa cinta 4 EJ ES SD O
tanah air yang kokoh dan
semangat bela negara yang 5 SD EJ O ES
tebal
c. Dekat dengan hal-hal yang 6 EJ ES SD O
altruistis dan filantropis,
7 O SD ES EJ
mampu berbicara di depan
umum tentang situasi yang 8 SD EJ ES O
dialami sesama yang
berkekurangan 9 ES O SD EJ
d. Woooi, berisik lu! Nikah dulu
kali ye! 10 SD ES EJ O

Picture: worldsecuritynetwork.com | www.ocke.co.cc | shutterstock.com

41
Tanpa kontribusi mereka, takkan
ada Bulimia pertama ini. Seluruh
jajaran kru Bulimia mengucap-kan Andhyta Firselly Utami (AFU) ▲
terima kasih kepada nama-nama Currently very grateful to be able to
berikut: pursue her major in International
Relations. If she has to pick what
she loves the most about her study,
it‘ll be the fact that everyone can
write subjectively objective in their
own interest. Her irresistible passion
in language enigma keeps her world
rotating between books, lyrics, and
movie scripts. Afu was once en-
gaged in Science division of BEM
FISIP UI and continues to make a
▲ Darang Sahdana Candra little change by working as the Pro-
gram Manager of Indonesian Future
Seorang mahasiswa kelahiran tahun Leaders at present.
1991 yang tinggal di Kota Tangerang
Selatan. Saat ini, ia sedang
menjalani tahun keduanya di
program sarjana Ilmu Hubungan
Internasional, Universitas Indonesia.
Sejarah dunia, studi perang, dan
fotografi adalah beberapa bidang
yang ia gemari. Dalam waktu
Majoring in Civil Engineering at Uni-
luangnya, seringkali ia membaca
versitas Indonesia (UI), David is an
buku ataupun bermain game
enthusiastic as well as self-
bertema strategi.
motivated individual, with a great
interest of everything. His business
plan was nominated as one of the 10
best business plans by Minister of
Youth and Sport Industry
(MENPORA) in PEMUDA Contest
and BINUS University in Entrepre-
neurship Competition and worked as
officer in Incubator of Business. He
also participates in various other
organizational activities, such as
David Immanuel Sihombing ► Garuda Youth Community.

42
▲ Caroline Putri Pratama
A 1992-er, the eldest of three
siblings, currently a second-year
student of the University of
Indonesia (Universitas Indonesia),
majoring inInternational Relations.
She was born and raised in Jakarta,
Indonesia. Her interests are mainly Indah Gilang ▲
on reading sci-fi, psychological and Lahir 22 Februari 1991, mahasiswa
adventure books,learning foreign Ilmu Hubungan Internasional di UI
languages, listening to Jazz, playing angkatan 2009. Membaca, menulis,
basketball and ice-skating. berpikir menjadi pekerjaan sehari-
hari Indah selain menonton kartun
Spongebob Squarepants dan
Avatar: The Legend of Aang. Aktif di
berbagai organisasi mahasiswa
seperti BEM FISIP UI 2010,
Indonesia Student Association for
International Studies, dan
Mahasiswa Keluarga Cirebon,
memberikannya pemikiran dan
jaringan yang luas sekaligus
semangat mengabdi pada tanah air.
Sekarang ini, Indah tertarik kajian
Ekonomi Politik Internasional
berbasis lingkungan dengan fokus
▲ Avina Nadhila Widarsa kawasan Asia Timur dan Pasifik dan
bercita-cita menjadi analis HI
Student of department of Interna- profesional.
tional Relations, minoring in Inter- website: pusparaniology.wordpress.c
national Political Economy. Avina om.
enjoys writing, reading, and trav-
eling in her spare time. Writing is
one of her passion. She hopes to
be more productive in writing arti-
cles and publish them in to news-
papers and journal.

43
Bulimia is the courtesy of
HMHI FISIP UI 2010
Himpunan Mahasiswa Hubungan Internasional
Ruang Baca Hubungan Internasional
Gd. B, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik
Kampus UI Depok 16424
44