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# Chapter

#04

Building
Component
Analysis & Design

Page 20
Slab Design

Plaster =6 psf

## m= = = 0.608 ≈ 0.6 so, slab action is two way.

Thickness Calculation:

## Thickness of slab = * perimeter Q R

= * 2*(14+23)

= 0.411 ft b=23 in

Page 21
= 4.93”

U a=14in V

Plaster, = 6 psf

## Factored Live Load = 1.7 * 40 psf = 68 psf

= 137.5+68 = 205.9psf

Moment Calculation:
Negative moment at continuous edges:

Positive moment

## Mb neg = *835=278 lb-ft

Page 22
Effective depth d should be checked for max moment i.e. 3592 lb-ft

Ρb = 0.85 * β1 *

. Assume, ρ =ρmax=0.75 ρb

Ρb = 0.85 * β1 *

Now, dreq=

= in

=1.96 in

dpro= 5”-1”=4”

## so, dpro > dreq, so thickness is ok.

Steel Calculation:
As=ρbd

Short Direction:
Mid Span:

Mu = φ ρ fy b d2 (1 - 0.59 * )

2325*12=0.9*ρ*60000*12*42(1-0.59* )

ρ =0.00276

## As min=200bd/fy =200*12*4/60000 in2/ft=0.16 in2/ft

Page 23
Continuous edge:

Mu = φ ρ fy b d2 (1 - 0.59 * )

3592*12=0.9*ρ*60000*12*42(1-0.59*ρ*60/4)

ρ =0.0043

## As=0.0043*12*4 in2/ft=0.206 in2/ft

Discontinuous edge:

As=⅓*0.16=0.053 in2/ft

Long Direction:
Mid span:

Ρ=0.00127

## As=0.00127*12*4 in2/ft =0.054 in2/ft

Continuous edge:

Mu = φ ρ fy b d2 (1 - 0.59 * )

1198*12=0.9*ρ*60000*12*42(1-0.59*ρ*60/4)

Ρ=0.0014 in2/ft

## As=0.0014*12*4 in2/ft=0.0672 in2/ft

As min=0.16 in2/ft

Discontinuous edge:

As=1/3*0.16=0.053 in2/ft

As min=0.16 in2/ft

## Steel selection #3@8”c/c

Page 24
Fig: 4.1 Reinforcement distribution on Roof Slab

## 4.2 Floor Slab Design:

Concrete Compressive Strength, ƒc’ = 4000 psi

Page 25
Plaster =6 psf

## For 3rd & 4th floor:

Slab Panel (LMPQ): has the max size.

## m= = = 0.608 ≈ 0.6 So, slab action is two way.

a =14ft

L a=14 ft M
Self wt. = *150 psf = 62.5 psf

## Plaster, = 6 psf b=23 ft

Partition wall =

=34.21 psf
Total Dead Load = 62.5+6+20+34.21 psf P Q

=122.71 psf

## Factored Live Load = 1.7 * 80 psf=136 psf

= 171.8+136 = 307.8psf

Moment Calculation:

Page 26
Negative moment at continuous edges

Positive moment

## Effective depth d should be checked for max moment i.e.4580 lb-ft

ρ =ρmax=0.75 ρb=0.0214

dred =2.28”

dpro= 5”-1”=4”

## so, dpro > dreq, so thickness is ok.

Steel Calculation:

Short Direction:
Mid Span:

Mu = φ ρ fy b d2 (1 - 0.59 * )

2691*12=0.9*ρ*60000*12*42(1-0.59* )

ρ=0.0032

## As min=200bd/fy=200*12*4/60000 in2/ft=0.16 in2/ft

Select #3@8”c/c

Continuous edge:

Page 27
Mu = φ ρ fy b d2 (1 - 0.59 * )

4886.6*12=0.9*ρ*60000*12*42(1-0.59*ρ*60/4)

Ρ=0.00597

## As=0.00597*12*4 in2/ft=0.287 in2/ft

One half positive steel continue to support, use extra stirrup 2#3

Long Direction:
Ρ=0.00133

## As min=0.14 in2/ft Select #3@8”c/c

Continuous edge:

1628.3*12=0.9*ρ*60000*12*42(1-0.59*ρ*60/4)

Ρ=0.00192 in2/ft

As=0.00192*12*4 in2/ft=0.092in2/ft

As min=0.16 in2/ft

One half positive steel continue to support, use extra stirrup 1#3

Page 28
Fig:4.2 Reinforcement distribution 3rd & 4th slab

Page 29
4.3 Residential Unit:
Concrete Compressive Strength, ƒc’ = 4000 psi

Plaster =6 psf

Plaster, = 6 psf

## Factored Live Load = 1.7 * 60 psf =102 psf

Page 30
Total Load = Factored Dead Load + Factored Live Load = 139.6+102 = 298psf

Moment Calculation:
Negative moment at continuous edges:

Positive moment

## Effective depth d should be checked for max moment i.e.4614.23 lb-ft

ρ =ρmax=0.75 ρb=0.0214

Now, dreq=

= in

=2.22 in

dpro= 5”-1”=4”

## so, dpro > dreq, so thickness is ok.

Steel Calculation:
As=ρbd

Short Direction:
Mid Span:

Mu = φ ρ fy b d2 (1 - 0.59 * )

3094*12=0.9*ρ*60000*12*42(1-0.59* )

Page 31
Ρ=0.0037

So , As= ρbd

=0.0037*12*4

=0.1776 in2/ft

As min=200bd/fy

=200*12*4/60000 in2/ft

=0.16 in2/ft

Continuous edge:

Mu = φ ρ fy b d2 (1 - 0.59 * )

4614.2*12=0.9*ρ*60000*12*42(1-0.59*ρ*60/4)

Ρ=0.0056

As=0.0056*12*4 in2/ft

=0.2688 in2/ft

Long Direction:
Ρ=0.00133

As=0.00133*12*3.52 in2/ft

=0.056 in2/ft

As min=0.14 in2/ft

Continuous edge:

Mu = φ ρ fy b d2 (1 - 0.59 * )

1268*12=0.9*ρ*60000*12*42(1-0.59*ρ*60/4)

Ρ=0.00195 in2/ft

As=0.00195*12*4 in2/ft

Page 32

## 4.4 Roof Slab Frame : (OPQR)

Member OP:
self wt of beam =1*1.5*150 lb/ft

## Here, w = 177.9 psf (for, 1.4 DL +LL)

=177.9*142*2/(4*14) lb/ft

= 1245.3 lb/ft

= 1.25 lb/ft

= 1441 lb/ft

=1.44 k/ft

## = 1.57 k/ft (for, 1.4 DL +LL)

= (1.4*0.23+1.44) k/ft

## = 1.76 k/ft (for, 1.4 DL + 1.7LL)

Member PQ:
Total distribution load = 1.57 k/ft (for, 1.4 DL +LL)

Page 33
= 1.76 k/ft (for, 1.4 DL + 1.7LL)

Member QR:

Member OP:

15 ft

O P

## Mid span moment = 1/14*w*ln2 (for, 1.4 DL + 1.7LL)

= 1/14*1.76*142 k-ft

= 24.64 k-ft

Negative moment,

Page 34
= - 19.23 k-ft

= - 30.77 k-ft

Member PQ:

## 1/11 1/16 1/11

15 ft

P Q
Mid span moment = 1/16*w*ln2 (for, 1.4 DL + 1.7LL)

= 1/16*1.76*142 k-ft

= 21.56 k-ft

Negative moment,

= - 27.97 k-ft

## Moment at P, Mp = - 1/11*1.57*142 k-ft (for, 1.4 DL +LL)

= - 27.97 k-ft

Member QR:
Mid span moment = 24.64 k-ft (for, 1.4 DL + 1.7LL)

Negative moment,

## Moment at O, Mo = - 1/16*1.57*142 k-ft (for, 1.4 DL +LL)

= - 19.23 k-ft
Page 35
Moment at Q, Mq = - 30.77 k-ft (for, 1.4 DL +LL)

O P Q R

30.77 30.77

## Load Calculation (Residential Unit)

Member OP:
self wt of beam = 0.23 k/ft

LL=60psf

Plaster =6 psf

FF=20psf

Partition wall =

=38.95 psf

Page 36

=1.73 k/ft

=2.02 k/ft

## = 2.74 k/ft (for, 1.4 DL + 1.7LL)

Member PQ:
Load from slab (LMPQ)

## (for, 1.4 DL +LL) =1724.8 psf

=1.72 k/ft

Page 37
So total Load from slab = 273.8*142/(4*14)+303*142/(4*14) psf

=2.02 k/ft

## = 2.94 k/ft (for, 1.4 DL + 1.7LL)

Member QR:
Total distribution load = 2.45 k/ft (for, 1.4 DL +LL)

O P Q R

48.02 48.02

## 4.6 Load Calculation (Official Unit)

Member OP:
Load from slab (STOP)

## Total factored load=203.9 psf (for, 1.4 DL +LL)

Page 38
=259.9 psf (for, 1.4 DL + 1.7LL)

=1.82 k/ft

## = 1.752 k/ft (for, 1.4 DL +LL)

= 1.4*(0.23)+1.82 k/ft

## = 2.142k/ft (for, 1.4 DL + 1.7LL)

Member PQ:
Load from slab (LMPQ)

=1.76 k/ft

## So total Load from slab

Page 39
(for, 1.4 DL +1.7LL) =2156psf

=2.16 k/ft

## = 2.482 k/ft (for, 1.4 DL + 1.7LL)

Member QR:
Total distribution load = 1.042 k/ft (for, 1.4 DL +LL)

30 36.4 17.25

O P Q R

Member OP:

## Total distribution load = 2.554 k/ft (for, 1.4 DL +LL)

Page 40
= 2.482 k/ft (for, 1.4 DL + 1.7LL)

Member PQ:

Member QR:

O P Q R

## 31.29 31.23 31.23 21.36

50.1 34.2

Page 41
24.64 21.56 24.64

## 19.23 27.97 27.97 30.77 19.23

30.77
36.02 38.36
38.36
30.01 48.02 47.97 47.04 48.02 30.01
38.36 36.02 38.36

## 30.01 48.02 47.97 47.04 48.02 30.01

38.36 36.02 38.36

## 30.01 48.02 47.97 47.04 48.02 30.01

38.36 36.02 38.36

## 30.01 48.02 47.97 47.04 48.02 30.01

38.36 36.02 38.36

30 30.4 17.25

30 30.4 17.25

41.23 21.46 27.1

41.23 21.46 27.1

41.23 21.46 27.1

O P Q R

## Fig: 4.3: Vertical load analysis of frame OPQR ( unit: k-ft )

Page 42
36.57 30.89 36.57

## 61.32 53.66 61.32

42.63 77.8 70.73 70.73 77.8 48.63
61.32 53.66 61.32

## 42.63 77.8 70.73 70.73 77.8 48.63

61.32 53.66 61.32

61.32 53.6 61.32

## 42.63 77.8 70.73 70.73 77.8 48.63

61.32 53.66 61.32

33.81 31.64 63

33.81 31.64 63

35.224 29.57 68

35.224 29.57 68

35.224 29.57 68

S T U V

## Fig: 4.4: Vertical load analysis of frame STUV ( unit: k-ft )

Page 43
82 71.75 71.75 82

## 64.14 102.63 93.3 93.3 93.3 102.63 64.14

147.74 117.04 128.94 142.45

## 118.36 189.38 153.89 153.89 149.56 149.56 181.98 113.74

147.74 117.04 128.94 142.45

## 118.36 189.38 153.89 153.89 149.56 149.56 181.98 113.74

147.74 117.04 128.94 142.45

## 118.36 189.38 153.89 153.89 149.56 149.56 181.98 113.74

147.74 117.04 128.94 142.45

## 118.36 189.38 153.89 153.89 149.56 149.56 181.98 113.74

147.74 117.04 128.94 142.45

## 118.36 189.38 153.89 153.89 149.56 149.56 181.98 113.74

139.27 118.36 118.36 136.6

## 103.48 165.58 150.52 150.52 150.52 150.52 165.58 103.49

139.27 118.36 118.36 136.6

## 103.48 165.58 150.52 150.52 150.52 150.52 165.58 103.49

143.96 125.97 125.97 143.96

## 111.09 117.74 161.58 161.58 161.58 161.58 177.74 111.09

143.96 125.97 125.97 143.96

## 111.09 117.74 161.58 161.58 161.58 161.58 177.74 111.09

143.96 125.97 125.97 143.96

## 111.09 117.74 161.58 161.58 161.58 161.58 177.74 111.09

Page 44
Fig: 4.5: Vertical load analysis of frame AEKOS ( unit: k-ft )

## 104.15 166.61 151.49 151.49 151.49 151.49 166.6 104.15

185.52 166.97 161.68 198

## 162.34 259.7 211.12 211.12 181.8 181.8 241.75 151.1

185.52 166.97 161.68 198

## 162.34 259.7 211.12 211.12 181.8 181.8 241.75 151.1

185.52 166.97 161.68 198

## 162.34 259.7 211.12 211.12 181.8 181.8 241.75 151.1

185.52 166.97 161.68 198

## 162.34 259.7 211.12 211.12 181.8 181.8 241.75 151.1

185.52 166.97 161.68 198

## 162.34 259.7 211.12 211.12 181.8 181.8 241.75 151.1

290.19 251.94 253.92 287.92

## 224.5 359.19 323.17 251.94 326.54 326.54 355.49 222.18

290.19 323.17 253.92 287.92

## 224.5 359.19 323.17 251.94 326.54 326.54 355.49 222.18

203.29 177.88 174.9 200

## 148.45 237.52 215.93 215.93 211.12 211.12 232.23 145.14

203.29 177.88 174.9 200

## 148.45 237.52 215.93 215.93 211.12 211.12 232.23 145.14

203.29 177.88 174.9 200

## Fig 4.6: Vertical load analysis of frame BFLPT ( unit: k-ft )

Page 45
We know sustained wind pressure at height Z in kn/m2

qz = cc * ci * cz * vb2

=47.2*10-6

## = standard occupancy structure =1

qz =47.2*10-6*1* cz*1952

=1.795 cz

PZ= CG*CP* qz

## Where CG=Gust coefficient

CP=Pressure coefficient

## Height at building ( 10 story)= 105’ =30.004 m

Page 46
L=96ft

B=15ft h=105 ft

B F L P T

CP=1.2

PZ= CG*1.2*1.765* cz

=2.154*CG* cz

## Table: 4.1 wind load calculation

H( ft) H( m) cz CG PZ ( kn /m2) PZ( k/ft2)

## 5 1.524 0.368 1.654 1.311 0.0274

15 4.572 0.368 1.654 1.514 0.0274
25 7.62 0.456 1.552 1.524 0.0318
35 10.67 0.531 1.484 1.697 0.0355
45 13.72 0.595 1.438 1.823 0.0381
55 17.76 0.651 1.403 1.967 0.0412
65 19.81 0.701 1.376 2.077 0.0434
75 22.86 0.747 1.353 2.177 0.0456
85 25.9 0.79 1.333 2.268 0.0474
95 28.96 0.83 1.317 2.355 0.0489

## 105 32.004 0.879 1.298 2.458 0.0513

Page 47
Design Wind Load : Frame BFLPT
According to surface area method:

## Where AZ=Expose area of height Z,

F10=0.0513*10/2*(15+15)/2 = 3.85 k

## Fb = 0.0274 * 10 *15 = 4.11 k

Page 48
Fig 4.7: Moment distribution for wind load of frame BLFPT ( unit: k-ft )

Page 49
Fig 4.8: Moment diagram for wind load of frame BLFPT ( unit: k-ft )

Page 50

wt. of slab=(150*5/12+6+20)*96*45/1000=382.32 k

wt of beam=( 5*45+15+4*96)*1*1.5*150/1000=140.4 k

wt of column= 22*(10*1.5*1.5)*150/1000=74.25 k

## wt of side wall = [(96*2+45*2)*8.5*10/12*120-8.67*10*10/12*120-8*10*10/12*120-

4*3*7*10/12*120-3*2.5*7*10/12*120]/1000 k =210 k

## wt of partition wall = [ 360*10*5/12*120 +230*5/12*8.5*120 -11*3*7*5/12*120-

6*2.5*7*5/12*120]/1000 k

=261k

wt of balcony = [ 23.88*6.17*5/12*150+45*6.17*5/12*150]/1000 k

= 26.56 k

Total wt = (382.32+140.4+74.25+210+261+26.56)k

=1094 k

=4866 kN

## Dead load for floor( 3,4 )

wt. of slab=(150*5/12+6+20)*96*45/1000=382.32 k

wt of beam=( 5*45+15+4*96)*1*1.5*150/1000=140.4 k

wt of column= 22*(10*1.5*1.5)*150/1000=74.25 k

=217 k

## wt of partition wall = [45*5*10*120+2*96*5*10*120]/1000 k

=110 k

Total wt = (382.32+140.4+74.25+110+217)k

=924 k

Page 51
=4110 kN

## Dead load for floor( G,1,2 )

wt. of slab=(150*5/12+6+20)*96*45/1000=382.32 k

wt of beam=( 5*45+15+4*96)*1*1.5*150/1000=140.4 k

wt of column= 22*(10*1.5*1.5)*150/1000=74.25 k

## wt of side wall = [(96*2+45*2)*8.5*10/12*120-2*13*8.5*10/12*120-8.67*8.5*10/12*120-

8*8.5*10/12*120]/1000 k =203 k

## wt of partition wall =[4*15*5/12*10*120+19*2*5/12*10*120+(4*15+19)*5/12*10*120]/1000 k

=88.5 k

Total wt = (382.32+140.4+74.25+203+88.5)k

=888 k

=3950 kN

## Dead load for floor( 9 )

wt. of slab=(150*5/12+6+30)*96*45/1000=425.5 k

wt of beam=( 5*45+15+4*96)*1*1.5*150/1000=140.4 k

wt of column= 22*(10*1.5*1.5)*150/1000=74.25 k

## wt of side wall = [(96*2+45*2)*8.5*10/12*120-8.67*10*10/12*120-8*10*10/12*120-

4*3*7*10/12*120-3*2.5*7*10/12*120]/1000 k =210 k

## wt of partition wall = [ 360*10*5/12*120 +230*5/12*8.5*120 -11*3*7*5/12*120-

6*2.5*7*5/12*120]/1000 k

=261k

Wt of parapet = [3*(96*2+45*2)*5/12*120]/1000 k

=42.3 k

Total wt = (382.32+140.4+74.25+210+261+26.56+42.3)k

=1180 k

Page 52
=5248.61 kN

Basement floor:

wt. of slab=(150*5/12+6+20)*96*45/1000=382.32 k

wt of beam=( 5*45+15+4*96)*1*1.5*150/1000=140.4 k

wt of column= 22*(10*1.5*1.5)*150/1000=74.25 k

## wt of side wall =(96+45)*2*10/12*10*120-15*10/1210*120k

= 267 k

Total wt = (382.32+140.4+74.25+26.7)k

=864 k

=3843.1 kN

=10500 k

=46704kN

V = ZICW/R

Where,

## I = Structural Importance co-efficient

=1

C = Numerical Co-efficient

## T = Fundamental period of vibration (in seconds)

= Ct x (hn) 3/4

Page 53
Ct = 0.073 for reinforced concrete, moment resisting

## hn = height of structure above the base level (in meter)

= 32.004 m

T = Ct x (hn) 3/4

= 0.073*(32.004)3/4

= 0.982 sec

## S = Site co-efficient for soil characteristics

= S3

=1.5

C = Numerical Co-efficient

## = 1.25xS/ (T) 2/3

=1.25x1.5/ (0.9822/3)

=1.898

## = Intermediate moment resisting frame

=8

Now,

V = ZICW/R

= 0.25*1*1.898*46704/8 kN

=2770 kN

Page 54
Vertical distribution of base shear check:
V=Ft +∑ Fi

## Where, Fi =lateral force applied at story level,

Ft = 0.07*T*V

=0.07*0.982*2770 kN

## =190.4 kN ≤ 0.25 V( 692.5 kN)

The remaining portion of the base shear ( V-Ft) shall be distributed over the height of the
building level,

FX = (V-Ft)*WX*hX/∑ WX hX

=(2770-190.4) WX hX/
[1921.5*1.524+3950*(4.572+7.62+10.668)+4110*(13.716+16.764)

+4866(19.812+22.86+25.908+28.956)+5248.68*32.004]

= 0.002996 WX hX

F10=0.002996*5248.68*32.004=503.26 kN

F9=0.002996*4866*28.956=422.14 kN

F8=0.002996*4866*25.908=377.7 kN

F7=0.002996*4866*22.86=333.27 kN

F6=0.002996*4866*19.812=288.83 kN

F5=0.002996*4110*16.764=206.42 kN

F4=0.002996*4110*13.716=168.9 kN

F3=0.002996*3950*10.668=126.25 kN

F2=0.002996*3950*7.62=90.18 kN

F1=0.002996*3950*4.572=54.12 kN

Fb=0.002996*1921.5*1.524=8.77 kN

Page 55
Check

V=Ft +∑ Fi

=190.4+503.26+422.14+377.7+333.27+288.83+206.42+168.9+126.25+90.18+54.12+8.77

= 2767.8≈ 2770 kN

So, (ok).

Page 56
A B C D

## After multiplying the factor,

Page 57
F10==(503.26+190.4) *0.33= 228.9kN=51.46k

## F9=422.14 *0.33=139.31 kN=31.32k

F8=377.7*0.33=124.64 kN=28.02k

## F7=333.27 *0.33=109.979 kN=24.73k

F6=288.83*0.33=95.32 kN=21.43k

F5=206.42*0.33=68.12 kN=15.31k

F4=168.9*0.33=55.74 kN=12.53k

F3=126.25 *0.33=41.67kN=9.37k

F2=90.18*0.33=27.05 kN=6.08k

F1=54.12*0.33=17.86 kN=4.02k

Fb=8.77*0.33=2.89 kN=0.65k

Page 58
B F L P T

Fig 4.10; Moment diagram for wind load of frame BLFPT ( unit: k-ft )

Page 59
O P Q R

Fig 4.11: Moment diagram for wind load of frame OPQR ( unit: k-ft)

Page 60
Combination of Moment:
Combined Moment = 1.4 DL + LL + EL (For support)

## -71.65 -19 8.75 -119.34 -183.64 -119.34 -183.64 -134.45 -136.65

-136.65 -134.45 -183.64 -119.34 -183.64 -119.34 -19 8.75 -71.65
185.52 166.97 166.68 198
-78.49 -343.55 -127.27 -294.97 -97.95 -265.61 -157.9 -234.95
-246.19 -175.85 -294.97 -127.27 -265.61 -97.95 -325.6 -67.25
185.52 166.97 161.68 198
-41.39 -380.04 -90.17 -332.07 -60.85 -302.75 -120.8 -270.05
-283.29 -138.75 -332.07 -90.17 -302.75 -60.85 -362.7 -30.15
185.52 166.97 161.68 198
-839 -413.65 -57.17 -365.67 -27.35 -335.25 -87.7 -305.05
-316.29 -105.75 -365.67 -57.17 335.25 -27.35 -395.7 2.85
185.52 166.97 161.68 198
20.46 -442.5 -28.32 -393.92 1.5 -364.1 -58.95 -333.9
-345.14 20.46 -393.92 -28.36 -364.1 1.5 -424.55 31.7
185.52 166.97 161.68 198
43.41 -465.45 -5.37 416.87 24.45 -387.75 -36 -356.85
-368.09 -53.95 416.87 -5.37 -387.05 24.45 -447.5 54.65
290.19 251.94 253.92 287.92
-1.35 -582.34 -100.02 -546.32 -103.39 -549.69 -132.34 -445.33
-447.65 -136.04 546.32 -100.02 -549.69 -103.39 -578.64 0.97
290.19 251.94 253.92 287.92
12.35 -596.04 -86.36 -560.02 -89.69 -563.39 -118.64 -459.03
-461.35 -122.34 -560.02 -86.36 -563.39 -89.69 -592.34 14.67
203.29 177.88 174.90 200
98.5 -484.42 31.02 -462.88 35.83 -458.67 14.72 -392.09
-395.4 9.43 -461.88 31.02 -458.07 35.83 -479.18 -101.81
203.29 177.88 174.90 200
105.25 -491.22 37.77 -469.63 42.58 -464.82 21.47 -398.84
-402.15 16.18 -469.63 37.77 -464.82 42.58 -485.93 108.56
203.29 177.88 174.9 200
108.4 -494.17 40.72 -472.58 45.55 -467.77 110 -488.88

24.42

B F L P T

## Fig 4.12: Design moment for beam of frame BFLPT ( kips-ft)

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24.64 21.56 24.64

## 13.27 -63.27 4.53 -60.47 1.73 -51.73

-51.73 1.73 -60.47 4.53 -63.27 13.27
38.36 36.02 38.36
54.74 -132.74 37.71 -131.47 36.73 -114.76
-114.76 36.73 -131.47 37.71 -132.74 54.74
38.36 36.02 38.36
92.19 -170.22 75.16 -169.16 74.18 -152.21
-152.21 74.18 -169.16 75.16 -170.22 92.19
38.36 36.02 38.36
125.49 -203.52 108.46 -202.54 107.48 -185.51
-185.51 107.48 -202.54 108.46 -203.52 125.49
38.36 36.02 38.36
154.64 -232.67 137.61 -231.69 136.63 -214.66
-214.66 136.63 36.02 137.61 -232.67 154.64
38.36 36.02 38.36
177.89 -255.92 160.86 -254.94 159.88 -237.91
-237.91 159.88 -254.94 160.86 -222.92 177.89
30 30.4 17.25
204.05 -259.82 189 -262 205.1 -238.26
-240.95 191.18 -262 189 -245.9 212.74
30 30.4 17.65
217.85 -273.62 202.8 -275.8 218.9 -252.05
-260.75 204.98 -275.8 202.8 -225.7 226.54
41.23 21.46 27.1
218.11 -299.5 218.17 -280.63 215.2 -270.76
-280.69 199.3 -280.63 218.17 -283.6 228.04
41.23 21.46 27.1
224.86 -306.25 224.92 -287.38 221.95 -277.51
-287.44 206.05 -287.38 224.92 -290.33 234.79
41.23 21.46 27.1

## 227.81 209 227.87 -290.33 224.9 -280.46

-290.39 -309.2 -290.33 227.87 -293.3 237.74

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