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LEMBAR PENGESAHAN

Judul Kegiatan :GAMBARAN KEJADIAN PASIEN HIPERTENSI

BERDASARKAN JENIS KELAMIN, USIA, POLA HIDUP,

DAN OBESITAS DI POSYANDU KELUARGA DESA

SINTUNG PUSKESMAS BAGU TAHUN 2021

Pelaksana Kegiatan : dr. Devi Damayanti

Jenis Kegiatan : Mini Project

Tanggal Pelaksanaan : Februari-Maret 2021

Bagu, 13 Maret 2021

Menyetujui,
Dokter Pendamping Penulis

dr. Lale Yufila Apriyanti dr. Devi Damayanti


NIP. 19770406 200212 2 007

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DAFTAR ISI

KATA PENGANTAR
LEMBAR PENGESAHAN...............................................................................I
DAFTAR ISI.......................................................................................................II
DAFTAR TABEL..............................................................................................V
DAFTAR GAMBAR..........................................................................................VI
BAB I PENDAHULUAN
1.1 Latar Belakang ...........................................................................1
1.2 Rumusan Masalah ......................................................................4
1.3 Tujuan Penelitian........................................................................5
1.4 Manfaat.......................................................................................5
1.4.1 Manfaat bagi Puskesmas.........................................................5
1.4.2 Manfaat bagi Masyarakat........................................................5
1.4.3 Manfaat bagi Peneliti...............................................................5

BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA


2.1 Definisi Hipertensi...........................................................................6
2.2 Klasifikasi Hipertensi ......................................................................6
2.3 Etiologi Hipertensi ..........................................................................7
2.3.1 Hipertensi Primer ...................................................................7
2.3.2 Hipertensi Sekunder ...............................................................7
2.4 Faktor Risiko Hipertensi .................................................................7
2.5 Patofisiologi Hipertensi ...................................................................10
2.6 Manifestasi Klinis Hipertensi ..........................................................11
2.7 Diagnosis Hipertensi .......................................................................12
2.8 Komplikasi Hipertensi .....................................................................13
2.9 Penatalaksanaan Hipertensi .............................................................15
2.9.1 Non Farmakologi ....................................................................15
2.9.2 Farmakologi ............................................................................16
2.10 Prognosis Hipertensi ........................................................................21
2.11 Pencegahan Hipertensi ....................................................................21

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BAB III METODE PENELITIAN
3.1 Desain Penelitian .............................................................................23
3.2 Lokasi dan Waktu Penelitian ...........................................................23
3.2.1 Lokasi Penelitian .............................................................23
3.2.2 Waktu Penelitian .............................................................23
3.3 Populasi dan Sampel Penelitian ......................................................23
3.3.1 Populasi Penelitian ..........................................................23
3.3.2 Sampel Penelitian ............................................................23
3.4 Kriteria Pemilihan Subjek Penelitian ..............................................24
3.4.1 Kriteria Inklusi ................................................................24
3.4.2 Kriteria Eksklusi .............................................................24
3.5 Teknik Pengumpulan dan Pengolahan Data ....................................24
3.5.1 Teknik Pengumpulan Data ..............................................24
3.6 Teknik Pengolahan dan Analisia Data.............................................25
3.6.1 Teknik Pengolahan Data .................................................25
3.6.2 Teknik Analisis Data .......................................................25

3.7 Jadwal Penelitian.............................................................................26

3.8 Alur Penelitian.................................................................................26

BAB IV HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN


4.1 Profil Puskesmas Bagu......................................................................27
4.2 Hasil Penelitian .................................................................................29
4.2.1 Analisis Univariat .................................................................29

4.3 Pembahasan........................................................................................32

4.3.1 GambaranKejadian Hipertensi berdasarkan Jenis Kelamin............32

4.3.2 Gambaran Kejadian Hipertensi berdasarkan Usia..........................32

4.3.3 Gambaran Kejadian Hipertensi berdasarkan Pola Hidup...............33


4.2.5 Gambaran Kejadian Hipertensi berdasarkan IMT..........................34

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BAB V KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN

5.1 Kesimpulan ....................................................................................38


5.2 Saran ..............................................................................................38
5.2.1 Bagi Penderita Hipertensi .....................................................38
5.2.2 Bagi Keluarga Penderita .......................................................39
5.2.3 Bagi Instansi Terkait .............................................................39
5.2.4 Bagi Peneliti Selanjutnya ......................................................40

DAFTAR PUSTAKA

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DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 4.1 Distribusi Frekuensi Krakteristik Responden Pasien Hipertensi


Berdasarkan Jenis Kelamin Di Posyandu Keluarga Desa Sintung
Puskesmas Bagu Tahun
2021..................................................................................... 29

Tabel 4.2 Distribusi Frekuensi Krakteristik Responden Pasien Hipertensi


Berdasarkan Usia Di Posyandu Keluarga Desa Sintung Puskesmas Bagu
Tahun 2021.. 30

Tabel 4.3 Distribusi Frekuensi Krakteristik Responden Pasien Hipertensi


Berdasarkan Pola Hidup Di Posyandu Keluarga Desa Sintung Puskesmas
Bagu Tahun 2021................................................................................. 30

Tabel 4.3.1 Distribusi Frekuensi Krakteristik Responden Pasien Hipertensi


Berdasarkan Kebiasaan Konsumsi Garam Di Posyandu Keluarga Desa
Sintung Puskesmas Bagu Tahun 2021............................................... 30

Tabel 4.3.2 Distribusi Frekuensi Krakteristik Responden Pasien Hipertensi


Berdasarkan Merokok Di Posyandu Keluarga Desa Sintung Puskesmas
Bagu Tahun 2021............................................................................... 30

Tabel 4.3.3 Distribusi Frekuensi Krakteristik Responden Pasien Hipertensi


Berdasarkan Aktivitas Olahraga Di Posyandu Keluarga Desa Sintung
Puskesmas Bagu Tahun
2021................................................................................... 31

Tabel 4.4 Distribusi Frekuensi Krakteristik Responden Pasien Hipertensi Berdasarkan


Obesitas Di Posyandu Keluarga Desa Sintung Puskesmas Bagu Tahun
2021.................................................................................................... 32

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 2.1 Klasifikasi Hipertensi .......................................................................6

Gambar 2.2 Diagnosis Hipertensi .......................................................................12

Gambar 2.3 Alur Tatalaksana Hipertensi ............................................................15

Gambar 2.4 Prognosis Hipertensi .......................................................................21

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