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MODUL FORM 2

2.1 THE WORLD THROUGH OUR SENSES


SKIN

1. Label each part of the skin with a suitable word from the following list.

Heat receptor Epidermis Cold receptor Hair Fat layer Dermis

Pain receptor Sweat gland Touch receptor Pressure receptor

f
g

h
i

MODUL 2 FORM 2 STF 2007


NOSE

2. Label the part of the human nose with the following words.

1.Nostril 2.Nasal Cavity 3.Receptor Cell

3. (a) State the stimulatory reaction in the nose using the words given below :

Brain Analysis Dissolved in mucus Response

Smell 1 Smell receptor Impulse

4 Impulse 3 2

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3(b) Match the different parts in the nose their function

i Smell A Smell is good/bad

Mucus B Analyses messages and gives the appropriate response


ii

iii Receptor C Chemicals in the air stimulate the nose


s
iv Brain
D Dissolve the chemicals in the air

v Detection
E Send messages to the brain about stimulus

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TONGUE

4. Label each part P, Q, R and S using the following words.

Sweet Sour Bitter Salty

PP

(i) The tongue is covered with many tiny structures called the ____________
(ii) The taste buds are able to detect the taste of the food if the food can
dissolve in ______________

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HUMAN EAR

5. The diagram below shows the cross section of a human ear. Label the t parts using the
word given in the box.

Pinna Ear canal Eardrum Ossicles

Oval windows Semicircular canal cochlea

Eustachian tube

A B C D

E
H G F

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6. Match the different parts in the ear to their functions

Balance the air pressure on both sides


Eardrum P I of the eardrum

Ossicles Q It vibrates at the same frequency as


II
the sound waves and transfer
vibration to the ossicle

Auditory nerve R Detect the vibration and converts


III
them into nerve impulse

Collect and directs sound waves


Cochlea S IV (vibrating air) into the auditory canal

Oval window T Send the messages to the brain


V

ows

Transfers the vibration from the


Eustachian tube U VI ossicles to the cochlea

Pinna V VII Amplified the vibration and transfer


vibrations to the ossicles

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7. State the functions of these structures in the ear

(a) Eardrum : ___________________________________________

___________________________________________

(b) Ossicles : ___________________________________________

___________________________________________

(c) Pinna : ___________________________________________

___________________________________________

(d) Cochlea : ___________________________________________

___________________________________________

(e) Eustachian tube : ________________________________

___________________________________________

(f) Auditory nerve : _____________________________________

__________________________________________

(g) Oval window : _____________________________________

__________________________________________

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EYE

8. The diagram shows the human eye.


Label structures P, Q, R, S and T using the following words:

Cornea Iris Retina

Pupil Lens

S: T:

P:

R:

Q:

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9. Draw lines to show the correct match between the structures
and their functions.

PART FUNCTION

P i. Controls amount of light entering the eye

Q ii. Helps to focus the light on the retina

R iii. Focuses the light to form an image on the retina

S iv. Controls the size of the pupil

T v. Receives light stimuli and changes the stimuli to


nerve impulses

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10. State the function of the following stuctures:

Cornea ………………………………………………………………………………

Iris ………………………………………………………………………………

Pupil ………………………………………………………………………………

Retina ………………………………………………………………………………

Lens ………………………………………………………………………………

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11. Fill in the blank using words given in the box.

Cornea Iris Retina

Pupil Lens

1 The ………………………… receives light stimuli and changes the stimuli


to nerve impulses

2 The …………………………. helps to focus the light on to the retina

3 The …………………………. focuses the light to form an image on the


retina.

4 The …………………………. controls the size of the pupil

5 The ………………………….controls amount of light entering the eye

MODUL 2 FORM 2 STF 2007


2.2 NUTRITION
HUMAN DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

1. Label the parts of the human digestive system in the following words.

Liver Small intestine Gall bladder Pancreas Large intestine

Oesophagus Stomach Mouth Salivary glands

E
D
F
G

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HUMAN DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

2. Draw lines to show the correct match between the structures and their
functions
Draw the lines as shown below

C i Produces bile

E ii Channels food to the stomach. This action is


called peristalsis

D iii Produces digestive enzymes such as


amylase, protease and lipase

G iv Digestion of fat, protein and starch and


absorption of food

I v Digestion of protein begins

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HUMAN DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

3. Fill in the blanks with suitable words in the box.

Fatty acids and glycerol, salivary amylase, liver, glucose,


protease, gall bladder, amino acids, dilute hydrochloric acid,

1. The enzyme in saliva, _____________________ breaks down the starch


molecules into maltose

2. The stomach secretes gastric juice which contains _______________ and


_________________ digestion of proteins

3. Bile is produced by __________________ and kept in the ___________

4. What are the end products of digestion of

a) Carbohydrates ? __________________

b) Proteins? ________________________

c) Fats? _______________________

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2.3 INTERDEPENDENCE AMONG LIVING ORGANISMS
IN THE ENVIRONMENT

CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMALS AND PLANTS

1. Fill in the blanks using the words given

Fish, Monocotyledons, Amphibians, Mosses, Non-flowering, Dicotyledons,

Fern, Algae, Mammals. Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians ,Birds, Reptiles, Mammals,

a)
Plants

Flowering i

ii iii

iv v vi

Fungi

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b)

Vertebrates

i ii iii iv
Fish

c)
Vertebrates

Warm-blooded Cold-blooded

i ii

iii iv v

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CLASSIFICATION

2. Based on your observation state one characteristic of each organism.

b
a

c
b
d
b

e f

g h

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j
i

i j
i

k l
i i

m n
i

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O P
i i

3. Classify the organisms into two groups based on their common characreristics

P Q R S

Common aa
characteristics a b

Letter of
The organisms i ii

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CLASSIFICATION OF PLANTS

4. The diagram shows the flowering plants.


Label structure P, Q, R, S, T, U, A, B, C, D and E using the following words

fibrous root, tap root, one cotyledon, two cotyledons, network of


veins, parallel veins, soft and non woody, hard and woody,
flower parts in threes, flower parts in fours or fives

DICOTYLEDONS

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MONOCOTYLEDONS

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5. Draw lines to show the correct match between the phrase and
explanation on Interdependence among living organism.

Draw the lines as shown below

PHRASE EXPLANATION

i A group of similar living organisms


Habitat A

Species B ii Made up of living and non-living components

iii Different communities interact with with one


Population C another and their environment in a habitat

iv The natural home of an organism where it


Community D lives and reproduces

v A group of individuals of the same species


Environment E that live and reproduce in a habitat at the
same time.

vii Made up of different populations of organisms


Ecosystem F living together and interacting with one
another in the same habitat

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FOOD WEB

6. Fill in the blanks using the words from the following list

Food Chain, Producer, Consumer, Decomposer,


Food web, Pyramid of Number

1 ____________________ are living organisms that are able to make their


own food

2 ____________________ are living organisms that are not able to make


their own food

3 ____________________ are living organisms that feed on the remains of


dead organisms

4 ____________________ is a network of interconnected food chains

5 ____________________ shows the food relationship among living

organisms

6 _____________________ shows the different number of organisms in


a food chain.

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TYPES OF INTERACTIONS BETWEEN LIVING ORGANISMS

7 Use letters to complete the phrase on types of interaction between


living organisms

C__ MM__NS__LISM

P__ RA__ITI_M

CO__P___TI __IO__

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PHOTOSYNTHESIS

Photosynthesis is the process in which green plants use light to produce food.

carbon dioxide , oxygen

water , glucose ,

sunlight, chlorophyll

8. Write the word equation for photosynthesis.

a b e f
c
+ d +

MODUL 2 FORM 2 STF 2007


2.4 WATER AND SOLUTION
Physical characteristics of water

1. Diagram 1 shows the changes in the state of water.

P: Q:

R: S: T:

Diagram 1

On diagram 1, label P, Q, R, S and T using the following words.


Freezing Liquid Solid Boiling Gas

Fill in the blank using the word from the box given.
solid
( a ) Water can exist in …………………………… states.

( b ) An ice cube is water in the ………………… state. 7

( c ) Steam is water in the ……………………. state. liquid

( d ) We drink water in the ………………….. state. three

(e ) Liquid water …………………. to form ice. colourless


( f ) Water is …………………. tasteless and neutral. freezes
1
( g ) The pH value of pure water is ……………
gas
( h ) The density of water is ……………… g/cm3

MODUL 2 FORM 2 STF 2007


The composition of water

2. Diagram 2 shows the electrolysis of water.

……………… On ………………..
gas is discharged gas is discharged

………………
+ dilute ………….
………………

The …………..
is the electrode The…………
that is is the electrode
connected to that is
the…………… connected
terminal of a to the…………
battery terminal of a
battery.

Diagram 2

On diagram 2, fill in the blanks using the following words.

Cathode Hydrogen Oxygen positive

Anode water Sulphuric acid negative

MODUL 2 FORM 2 STF 2007


Solution and Solubility

3. Diagram 3 shows the process of making a solution.

z
y

Diagram 3
Solute Solvent Solution

On diagram 3 , label the substances using the following words.

4. Diagram 4 shows the making of a cup of hot coffee.

sugar

Black coffee

Hot coffee
Hot
water

Diagram 4
Based on diagram 4, determine the solute , solvent and solution in the hot coffee.

a. Solute : ……………………………

b. Solvent : ……………………………

c. Solution: ……………………………

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5. Diagram 5 shows three beakers containing solutions and their types .

SATURATED SOLUTION
P

DILUTE SOLUTION
Q

CONCENTRATED
SOLUTION

Diagram 5 R

Draw lines to show the correct match between the solution in the beakers and their
types.

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Methods of water purification

6. Diagram 6 shows methods of purification.

d
a

e
b

…………………………… ……………………………………

Diagram 6

On figure 6, name the method and label the apparatus used for each picture using the
following words.

Filter funnel Thermometer Measuring cylinder

Distillation Round bottom flask Conical flask

Filtration

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2.5 SIMPLE MACHINE

1. Diagram 1 shows a first class lever.

Label J, K and L using the following words:

Effort Fulcrum Load

J:
K:

L:

Diagram 1

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2. Diagram 2 shows a second class lever.

Label P, Q and R using the following words:

Effort Fulcrum Load

P:

Q:

R:
Wheelbarrow

Diagram 2

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3. Diagram 3 shows a third class lever.

Label X, Y and Z using the following words:

Effort Fulcrum Load

Z:

Ice tongs
X:

Y:

Diagram 3

MODUL 2 FORM 2 STF 2007


4. Draw lines to show the correct match between the classes of levers and the
simple machines.

CLASS OF LEVER SIMPLE MACHINE

First class

stapler

Second class

scissors

Third class

nutcracker

MODUL 2 FORM 2 STF 2007


5. Fill in the blanks using words given in the box.

first second third

1 A stapler is an example of the ………………………………class lever.

2 A scissors is an example of the …………………………….class lever.

3 A nutcracker is an example of the ………………………….class lever.

4 A wheelbarrow is an example of the ……………………….class lever.

5 An ice tongs is an example of the …………………………class lever.

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MODUL 2 FORM 2 STF 2007