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Overall Current Affairs of Last 5 Years

For the very purpose of getting you ready for the challenge that is Current Affairs In India,
we are covering the 2008 current affairs including politics current affair, current affair
news, science current affairs, general knowledge current affair, current government affair
and international current affairs. Only studying India's current affairs or political current
affairs is not sufficient as you have to cover international events and current affairs along
with the Indian current affairs, as well as those in the field of science and sports.
International Current Affairs 2009

 Climate Conference in Copenhagen 6 to 18 December 2009


 Karzai sworn in for second term afghan president
 GCC population seen growing to 53 million by 2020
 7.7 quakes shake north Chile
 Sri Lanka military chief 'quits'
 GSK Donates 50 Million H1N1 Doses to WHO
 Germany marks anniversary of anti-Semitic program
 Earthquake rocks southern Iran
 ASEAN Summit 2009
 Global population to reach seven billion by 2011
 Obama Wins Nobel peace prize 2009
 Kabul's Indian Embassy attacked
 Al-Qaida calls for holy war against China
 China celebrates its 60th anniversary
 Afghan Presidential election
 US largest supplier of arms in 2008
 Powerful earthquake kills 57 in Indonesia
 Angry student throws acid on professor in Vietnam
 Miss Venezuala win Miss Universe 2009 title
 Michael Jackson is Dead
 Air France 447 jet Crash
 Racial attack in Australia
 LTTE chief Prabhakaran's body found
 Escaped Bali Terror Suspect Is Caught in Malaysia
 Obama gets a 'B+ grade' for his presidency
 Over 150 people died due to Swine flu in Mexico
 6 killed in murder-suicide bid in US
 Titanic museum to open in UK
 LTTE loses Mullaithivu
 Bush gets attacked by shoes in Iraq
 Israel attacks Gaza
National Current Affairs 2009

 Sheikh Hasina chosen for Indira Gandhi Peace Prize


 India retains 84th position among the world’s most corrupt nations
 India second worst terror-hit country, says NGO
 K.R. Narayanan Award for the Hindu Chief Editor N. Ram
 Madhu Koda discharged, summoned by ED
 India, Sweden to sign MOU on environment
 Brave Rukhsana appointed as special cop
 Radhakrishnan takes over as new ISRO chief
 Dorjee Khandu became new chief minister of Arunachal Pradesh
 A.R.Rahman wins Ghent Award
 Test fires nuclear-capable Prithvi-II missile
 India can hold 2010 Games: CWG Officials
 US announce $100,000 aid for India's flood victims
 Dolphin is national aquatic animal
 Major Floods in Andhra and Karnataka
 Air India Strike
 Chandrayaan-1 Not A Failure, Finds Water on Moon
 Six European satellites launched by India
 Earthquake in North Eastern Region of India
 Problems in BJP party
 Andhra CM YSR died in a chopper crash
 Mumbai TV actress arrested for abusing minor
 Indian Navy jet crashes, pilot feared dead
 Bhindra honored with Rajiv Gandhi Award
 Businessman buys Gandhi's home, plans for museum
 Rajmata Gayatri Devi laid to rest
 Class X girl selected for NASA training
 PM launches India's first nuclear submarine
 Bill Gates to receive Indira Gandhi Peace Prize
 India's first sea bridge
 Union minister threatens HC judge to grant bail
 Government to make class X examination optional
 Air Force AN-32 aircraft Crash
 Family donates their dead son's organs to 7 people
 Dream Houses / Mumbai Flats on rent for Rs. 800/-
 Oz Racial attack: AP student battling for life
 Congress' victory, credit to Sonia's inner voice
 UPSC results: Women on top, 791 succeeded
 River Ganga still reels under Pollution
 Girl dies due to asthma in Delhi School
 Satyam bidding Completed: Tech Mahindra wins bidding
 Parents protest fee hike in schools
 Tata Nano The People's Car Launched
 Modi minister held in post-Godhra riot case
 Varun guilty; EC asks BJP not to field Varun
 Tata Nano The People's Car Launched
 Modi minister held in post-Godhra riot case
 Satyam fraud
 Mangalore Pub Attack
 Railway Budget 2009
 Demonstrations against Valentine's day

Sports 2009

 Maradona fined and banned for foul-mouthed tirade


 Novak Djokovic wins Paris Masters
 Bhupati and Paes exit Paris Masters in 2nd round
 Golden whistle for Indian Hockey umpire
 American swimmer Peter Marshall beats own 50 backstroke world record at
short-course meet
 Australia win series against India
 Murray beats Youzhny to win Valencia Open tennis
 Pankaj Advani wins bronze in Asian Indoor Games
 Indoor Asian Games: India win 2 gold on final day, end at 7th place
 Schiavone wins women's Kremlin Cup final
 Davydenko beats Nadal to win Shanghai Masters
 Australia wins Champions Trophy 2009
 India wins Compaq Cup 2009
 Clisters Wins over Serena Williams in U.S Open
 England Win the Ashes Series 2009
 Sania Mirza clinches Lexington Challenger title
 Roger Federer and wife are proud parents of twins
 Sania & Sohrab exchange rings amid tight security
 Federer Wins a record 15th Grand Slam Title
 Sushil Kumar wins gold medal in wrestling
 Pakistan wins Twenty20 World Cup
 India knocked out of World T20
 Federer won French Open
 Anand wins Chess Oscar for sixth time
 Brasa appointed Indian men's hockey coach
 BCCI nominates Gambhir, Jhulan for Arjuna award
 Book on Tendulkar released
 IPL 2 to be held in South Africa
 India thrash New Zealand to seal ODI series
 India win Hamilton Test, a win in NZ after 33 years
Science and Technology 2009

 NASA signs agreement with ISRO for use of Indian satellite oceansat-2
 Scientists Create Bacteria that Light Up Around Landmines
 "Significant" Moon Water Released by NASA Crashes
 New ocean forming in African desert
 Snow on Mt. Kilimanjaro to melt in twenty years
 Scientists report discovery of 32 new exoplanets
 Nobel Prize in Chemistry to India-born scientist
 NASA telescope discovers giant ring around Saturn
 13-year-old Indian to address UN climate change summit
 Largest ever telescope launched from French Guiana
 First face transplant patient in US shows face
 UK scientists to develop Swine Flu vaccine
 PET bottles potential health hazard
 ISRO launches RISAT-2
 Discovery Crew Returns Home From ISS
 Internet Crime Up 33 Percent, FBI Reports
 Adobe, Facebook partner to create Flash developer tools
 Microsoft to discontinue Encarta
 World's First Internet Car Radio Unveiled
 Motorola Unveils Cellphone Made From Recycled Water Bottles
 UK Doctors Deliver Cancer-Proof Baby
 Sony To Launch World's Lightest 8-Inch Notebook PC
 Indian Scientists Conduct Anti-Warming Experiment In Antarctic Ocean

 Indian Scientists To Clone Pashmina Goat


 NASA's Kepler Mission To Begin Quest To Find Planets Hosting Life
 ISRO To Use Home-Grown Cryogenic Engine For GSLV Launch

 Obama to restore stem cell research funding


 India To Send Sun Mission Aditya In 2012
 Indian-American Scientist Vivek Pai Creates Top Web Technology

Hillary Clinton nominated as Secretary of State in Obama cabinet 1st Dect 2008
Hillary Clinton has been nominated as the Secretary of State in the Obama Cabinet.
President Clinton expressed his deep pride for his wife being chosen for this job.
Army Chiefs call for polls rejected by Somchari Nov 27 2008
Political uncertainty continues to loom over Thailand with protestors continuing three siege
at Bangkok international airport. This goes on despite the Prime Minister Somchai
Wongsawat rejecting Army chief Anupong Paochinda's Proposal of getting over the crises
by holding general elections. Flights have been gravely affected leaving passengers
stranded at airport being unable to board the flight.
ID card scheme in UK for non European foreign nationals Nov 26, 2008
The british government has put forward as scheme of biometric identity cards.This would
be for non-European foreign nationals starting with students and foreign spouses of British
citizens. The required people must be in possession of it within 3 years.
One hundred and one Indian prisoners have been released by Pakistan Nov 26, 2008
As a good will gesture Pakistan has released one hundred and one Indian prisoners mostly
fishermen. With the talks of home secretary Madhukar Gupta and his Pakistani counterpart
Syed Kamal Shah lead to this decision by the Pakistan government.
President elect Barack Obama faces a economic challenges: Nov 26, 2008
Barack Obama the president elect of US introduced his economic team recently.Timothy F.
Geithner has been nominated as Treasury Secretary and Lawrence H.Summers to head the
White House economic concil. Obama’s economic policy would be focused for middle
class families and financial markets. Christina Romer is nominated for White House
Council of Economic Advisers chair, Timothy Geithner as Treasury secretary, Lawrence
Summers as head of the National Economic Council .
Neel Kashkari-an Indian American to look over the financial crises of Wall Street.
(7th October 2008)
The finanacial catastrophe in the Wall street leading to global turmoil will be looked
upon.Sure will it be, but that by an Indian American.Neel Kashkari the guy is set to prove
his mettle and expert tackling.Just 35,he is the Assistant Secretary for International Affairs
in the Department of Treasury,as the interim head for its new office of financial
stability,which includes the troubled Asset Relief Program.It is seeing over this $700 billion
problematic situation, threatening the US economy.
He has served in the Bush administration at Tier Two cabinet levels.If his appointment is
confirmed he would be looking over the Treasurury's effort to buy sick areas and deal with
them amicably,buying bad loans, and other upset securities.
Kashkari has bachelor's degree in engineering from University of Illinios at Urbana-
Champaign.He has masters in aeorospace engineering .Having worked in R&D Principal
investor at the company TRW in Redondo Beach,California,he has worked upon a
technology for NASA on James Webb Space Telescope,to be replaced for Hubble.It is
scheduled to be launched in 2013.
Hillary Clinton a possible official as Secretary of State (22nd Nov September 2008)
Global market heads towards recovery (19th September 2008)
Global markets are recovering now.European stocks opened with considerable margin
following a day profiatable trading on Wall Street.The stock market in asia showed
considerable recovery.
All this happened after the news spread of the package of up to $247 billion to be invested
at money markets from the U.S federal reserve,European Central Bank,the Swiss National
Bank,the Bank of England,the Bank of Canada and the Bank of Japan.The swelling upto
$180 billion in fund availability is for getting away with the financial crises and ensure
profitable business.
The bankruptcy of prominent U.S brokerage Lehman Brothers,a Bank of America, Merrill
Lynch,AIG has dampened of their confidence by the investors.
Serious financial crises and the world economy (18th September 2008)
The most reputed and stable financial institutions of America have collapsed.Because of
this, it has effected economy globally.Merrill Lynch,Lehman Brothers,American
International Group AIG have gone in financial crises.This happened because of bad
mortgage finance and real estate investments.Both Lehman and Merrill Lynch ventured into
real estate with great risk and got caught up in financial problem.
With Lehman's stock tumbling sharply,other firms backed off from doing business with
it.This is a serious financial crises and desperate measures are being taken to get out of
it.Lehman has decided to curb its trading and filed for bankruptcy. Merrill Lynch has
agreed to sell itself on Sunday to Bank of America for roughly $50 Billion.Lehman
Brothers a securities firm, filed for bankruptcy and tried to liquify its assets, because of no
buyer.It has decided to curb its trading operations and so on. As concerned to AIG
(American International Group), its problem arose with its one unit dealing in complex debt
securities and derivatives.That unit is a cause of loss which is more, than the profit margin
from its other units functioning profitably.It's credit scores were lowered by credit rating
agencies, making it to seek multibillion dollar investment in order to survive.American
International Group AIG had to take help from federal Reserve.
According to the associated Press,this is reported to be the biggest collapse of an
investment bank after Drexel Burnham Lambert 18 years ago. The whole question is of its
after effects on the American economy and global economy like in Asian market and
elsewhere.
The desperate need of these tumbling financial giants for buyers,series of deals and
grouping and regrouping of other companies to counter financial worsening still does not
give much respite from the situation. In India,people rushed to pull their shares of
favourable price fearing they may lose more in collapsing sectors.This affected in loss in
already wobbly situation.Realty and metal stocks have suffered big loss.Below 3761 is a
danger sign.The major losers were Ranbaxy Laboratories (-5.44%), Satyam Computer (-
4.52%), DLF (-4.21%), Jaiprakash Associates (-4.11%), Bharti Airtel (-3.82%) and ICICI
Bank (-3.59%).Only Tata motors (1.24%) and State Bank of India (0.19%) made profit.
In other asian countires like Japan,Hong Kong, and South Korea stock market dipped more
than 5 percent in morning trade.
As for now, the financial situation is very grave and has deteriorated because bulk of the
investors have pulled their money all of a sudden and have invested in other places like
treasury bills.Cost of borrowing has increased and federal bank is trying to relax its rules to
avert the situation to the possible extend. The effect of all this would be more
unemployment due to job cuts,less salary,high lending rates affecting the already weak
housing market and so on.
Zardari becomes President of Pakistan (9th September 2008)
Asif Ali Zardari is the new Pakistani president after Pervez Musharraf.The widower of
Benazir Bhutto and son in law of Late Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto is the co-chairman of Pakistan's
People Party (PPP).He was elected with big majority. The leader of the House in the Senate
Mian Raza Rabbani hailed his election and talked about the balance of president's power
and the Judiciary.The leader also mentioned of the government's agenda in strengthening of
law and order and restoration of Judges.
Georgia snaps diplomatic ties with Russia (30th August 2008)
Georgia has snapped its diplomatic ties with Russia. It moved for new propagation for EU
and support from United States to pressurize Moscow to withdraw its troops. With the
shutting off the diplomatic ties with the Russian federation, the Russian diplomats would
have to leave Georgia. This was said by Deputy Foreign Minister Grigol Vashadze.
For the hundreds of thousands of Georgians living in Russia, consular relations
nevertheless would be maintained as decided. The Human Rights Commissioner, Thomas
Hammarberg mentioned of emptiness and large scale damaging situation of the ethnic
Georgian villages in the region. The new satellite images give a different picture of havoc
and ethnic cleansing against the Georgian population of South Ossetia which are denied by
Russia.
Barack Obama, McCain and the American elections. (30th August 2008)
Barack Obama has been nominated for the American President post against
McCain.McCain is the nominee from the Republican side.The vice presidential candidate
of Obama is Joe Biden who is a senior senator from Delware.
The vice presidential candidate of McCain is Sarah Palin who is the governer of Alaska.Her
sudden emergence into the limelight for vice presidential nomination has surprised many.
Both sides claim of having the best mind on their side and best strategist for steering
America into new course for a better future.
Beijing Olympics close with a dazzling show (25 August 2008)
With new records and new histories, the Beijing Olympics ended with a grand spectacle.
Magnificent fireworks were displayed with nearly 90,000 people in the stadium in the form
of Bird’s nest.
A delegation from London including the flamboyant soccer star David Beckham, was
present. Gordon Brown the Prime Minister of Britain and London' mayor too were present.
The Olympic flag was handed over to the London mayor by Beijing Mayor Go Jinlong.
The economic power of China was displayed as it had invested more than $40 billion in
hosting Olympics. China got most of the gold medals and United States lead overall tally of
medals.
There were some serious untoward incidents as the attack on Beijing tourist site when U.S
volleyball coach Hugh McCutcheon’s father-in-law was fatally stabbed by a Chinese man
who committed suicide after. China had taken measures to bring air pollution under control
and media too did not display vivid widespread health concerns as foreigners had been
attending the games. The menus of the restaurants had been modified keeping in view of
tourists and as a whole the communist nation had shown smooth handling of logistics
throughout the Olympics.
What is Russian Georgian Conflict basically? (23 August 2008)
Russia claims to have complied by ceasefire agreements but they are accused of still being
present at some checkpoints.
The conflict of Georgia Russia is an anecdote of ethnics, regionalism and economic
dominance. The issue has come under global limelight again due to the war but the
hostilities are since long back. The issue has been cooking up since much before.
But in short, before the fall of the former USSR, South Ossetia was actually a part of
Georgia which came under USSR.After the collapse of communism and Russia broke,
these became independent countries.
The tension is due to the exertion of political dominance by Georgia over South Ossetia
which South Ossetia does not like.Another region Abkhazia which too has the same tension
with Georgia too is the cause of this Russia Georgia war.
On Nov 10 1989, the South Ossetia applied for autonomy to the Georgian Supreme
Soviet.It had also been granted, but later what irked Ossetia was that the Georgian Supreme
Soviet adopted a law barring regional parties in summer 1990.Ossetia took it as move
against its concerns and repudiated Georgia’s official status over it by proclaiming South
Ossetia a Soviet Democratic Republic. Ossetians also boycotted subsequent Georgian
parliamentary elections and held their own contest in December. In turn, Georgia declared
this election illegitimate and abolished South Ossetia’s autonomous completely in 11th
December 1990. The fresh waves of hostility swept due to this between South Ossetia and
Georgia.
Territorial tensions upon migration by natives. One event in turn lead to another,
heightening hostility and bloodshed and large scale violence.Due to this violence,
Georgians and Ossetians began migrating to other places for safety.This further created
tension over territorial areas when Ossetians moved to settle in North Ossetia.This was
objected by Ingush as the place had been their former territory before being expelled from
there by Stalin. So the arrival of Ossetians at their former place infuriated the Ingush.
In the midst of all this hullabaloo, Georgia signed cease fire with Russia to avoid further
escalation of situation.It also confirmed of not imposing of any sanctions against South
Ossetia. Howerer the spark remained as Georgia still has control over much regions of
South Ossetia including important town of Akhalgori.
To keep the matter from getting uneven, a peacekeeping force of Russians, Ossetians and
Georgians was established.
The Incidents leading to attack by Georgia on Ossetia and Russia’s backlash.
In spite of ceasefire deal on August 13 2008, incidents like smuggling hostage
takings,shootouts and bombing occassionally deteriorated the stability as claimed by
Georgia and this one of the basic reason of its immediate attack on South Ossetia on 7th of
August 2008 which has made headlines worldwide. Incidents such as passing resolution in
support of South Ossetian secessionists by Russia, closure of important market hampering
Russia’s trade by Georgia’s side, closure of highway in retaliation between Russia and
Georgia by South Ossetians to hamper Georgia, all this made more reason for Russia to
take a plunge into the war against Georgia.
Russia’s and Georgia’s Blame on each other.
Also Russia blamed Georgia of killing Russian peacekeepers and doing “ethnic cleansing”
of natives in South Ossetia.Since many of the 70,000 people in South Ossetia speak
Russian and have Russian passports.Russia thinks it needs to reassert its influence over its
immediate borders here that is Georgia and South Ossetia and set things right. Georgia
accuses Russia in toppling the government and causing to get regime change.
As of now the cease fire has taken place and Russian troops have withdrawn after the
intervention of France in particular to negotiate. Russian military action was also
condemned by the United States and other NATO countries to which Georgia has affinity
inspite of not being NATO member.
Though all these are apparent reasons for war but the actual and internal motives still linger
around economic superiority, proposed long term economic and business plans which either
country would like to take advantage of.
Safeguards pact endorsed by IAEA chief (1 August 2008)
The primary inspection plan for India met safeguards standards.Talks have begun on a
mode of extended checks,prospects for enhancing Indo-US nuclear deal.
A condition set for the Indo-Us nuclear deal to be carried forward was the approval of the
inspection plans based on his recommendations. When the International Atomic Energy
Agency governers gave a consent on this,India would now seek a waiver from 45 nuclear
supplier nations to allow trading with a non NPt countries.After this US Congress would
consent to finalise the final deal. Futher pros and cons are underway for full fledged
implementations.
Pakistan demands nuclear status (31 July 2008)
After the Indo-US nuclear deal in formation, Pakistan also exerted its right to be granted
nuclear status. Mohammed Sadiq,spokesperson for Pakistan Foreign Office showed
concern for the national security and expressed that the government of Pakistan would do
all within its ability to secure it.
In the context, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has shown Pakistan new proofs of the
links between country's spy service and some militant groups.The violence in Afganistan is
linked to this factor.
Iraq Ban lifted by IOC (30 July 2008)
International Olympic Committee has relented and permitted Iraq to take part in the
Olympics. IOC has lifted the ban on Iraqi atheletes for the beijing olympics. After the IOC
had meeting with the Iraqi officials in Switzerland,the IOC revised their decision and now
the athletes will be able to take part in the Olympics in Beijing next month.
“Bush a total failure” says Pelosi (18 July 2008)
The first woman speaker of the United States Nancy Pelosi has been a sharp critic of the
American President. With her timely outpour of complete dissatisfaction over his policies
in various interviews, she, yet again, came out with a highly frustrated tone. It was a
backlash after two days to the President’s criticism in which he talked having just 26
legislative days in hand in the fiscal year. Bush said that Congress would require every
other day to get its work done in this span of time. It wasn’t a matter of pride Bush
commented.

In the interview, the Nancy Pelosi ruled out the President’s validity on such comments
citing reason of him that of having no ideas. She also remarked that he was in no position to
criticize the Congress.
Meanwhile Pelosi’s comments came when Congress approval was all time low in 30 years.
Pelosi linked the cause of this to Congress’ failure in ending the Iraq war. She highly
disapproved of congress’ working in ceasing the war.

Again opposed to the President’s favoring for offshore drilling for oil and opening up areas
like Artic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska for oil exploration, Pelosi has strongly taken
a stand against it. In retrospect to this, 73 percent of poll has shown favor in this regard.
The bottom line of her disapproval is due to the apparent non exhaustion of federal areas
leased beforehand for approval in drilling. That should be in focus rather than venturing for
new avenues for oil exploration, she meant.
Iran test fires more missiles (10th July 2008)
In continuation of the previous exercises,Iran test fired further missiles on
Thursday,prompting United States to take steps to build anti missile defence setup.
G-8 leaders mention of countering global warming (9rd July 2008)
G-8 leaders of the world’s major economies pledged to combat climate change without
highlighting specific steps in that regard. The leaders unanimously agreed to cut the
greenhouse gas emissions by half by 2050.
The G-8 countries which make up Canada, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Japan,
Russia and the United States and the other countries that are South Korea, Mexico
European Union, India, South Africa Australia, Brazil, China, and Indonesia.

Betancourt and 14 others get freedom (3rd July 2008)


After being in captivity for more than 6 years, the former Columbian presidential candidate
Ingrid Betancourt along with three US contractors and 11 others got freedom.The rescue
operation took on Wednesday by Colombian military force. This was reported by Juan
Manuel Santos the defence minister.
The revolutionary Armed Forces of Columbia (FARC) kidnapped Ingrid Betancourt on
February 23rd 2002. She is reported to be in fine health. Also when the plane carrying the
three contractors Thomas Howes,Keith Stansell and Marc Gonsalves crashed in southern
Columbia, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Columbia kidnapped them and were held
hostage .The three hostages were under the contract with the US Department of Defence
and were working against anti-drug tasks in Columbia. FARC had plans to exchange
Betancourt ,the three US citizens as scores of military and police personnel for FARC
rebels in prison. The FARC have been outwitted and have lost three of their members
including their Boss in recent time.
UN Condemns Zimbabwean government. (24, June 2008)
United Nations has condemned the Zimbabwean government because of its inefficiency in
controlling the violence in the election campaign. The UN raised its doubts on smooth
facilitation of such elections in such circumstances. But inspite of that Mugabe’s
governenment which is incumbent, is confident of holding elections on 27th.
No immediate solution of high oil prices. (24, June 2008)
The United States has expressed hopelessness in lessening of the oil prices in short time. In
the white house release statement, the government has expressed possibility in the increase
of the oil production within that country. Though the statement also mentioned of the
efforts in bringing down the fuel demand in taking control of other measures, still, there is a
lookout for ways to increase domestic production in United States. in the same time Saudi
Government has plans to increase its oil output.
Saudi Arabia will increase its oil production.(16th June 2008)
Saudi Arabia has decided to increase its oil production by 200,000 barrels per day from
next month.This was told by Kingdom's oil minister to U.N. Chief Ban Ki-moon according
to Ban's spokesman. On meeting with Oil Minister Ali al-Naimi U.N. chief was disclosed
of this decision.
Rise in Oil Prices (6, June 2008)
Oil price have caught the headlines recently due their increased prices. Analysts reason out
the increase in prices due to various factors. Some reasons are due to political tensions
circulation around middle east countries. The deteriorating condition of Iraq, terror attack in
Saudi Arabia, all make impact. The change in supply limit due to speculations on the
demand for oil too pave way for a price change. OPEC decided to reduce its production
limit, though not causing scarcity, but nevertheless it did cause tension in developed
countries and effected price. As the price of Oil is above $120 a barrel, the price of gas,
kerosene, petrol and other petroleum products too has been effected. Due to unavoidable
circumstances Oil companies were forced to sell at a loss of millions of pounds a day.
Countries too have responded with respect to the global scenario like Malaysia which is a
net exporter of Oil has raised fuel prices by 41 percent .It has also dropped subsidies.
The price rise of petrol diesel kerosene all has effected a common man in India and there is
a heavy pressure on the democracy to come up with a respite in some way or the other.
2008- International Year of Sanitation (4, Jan 2008)

National Events

Terror attacks in Mumbai Nov 27 2008


Major terror attacks took place in Mumbai on Wednesday .Explosion and firing from
various parts of the city took place.Twenty people are reported to have been dead and 348
injuredUnofficial reports give death toll as 60. Maharashtra Director General of Police A.N.
Roy said that seven attacks took place three of them encounters. A.K. Sharma reported that
2 and 3 persons carrying AK.47 rifles and grenades entered the Chattrapati Shivaji
Terminu8s with AK 47 rifles at 8.35 and indiscrimately opened fire. Outside the Trident
Hotel two low intensity explosions and firing was reported. In Colaba firing took place too.
Police has been on high alert and people were rushed to hte hospitals. Centre has rushed
NSG commandos to Mumbai.
Heavy Rains in Chennai Nov 27 2008
Cyclone name "Nisha"is siad to be the cause of heavy rains wand winds in several parts of
chennai. Due to incessant rain nearly 20 flights were affected. In many places road were
flooded.Local Administration Ministrator Stalin inspected relief measures in North
Chennai. 1500 food packets were distributed. Local helpline number-1913 was put to look
after complaints of water stagnation and such flood relief measures.
Turkish consulate to be opened n Mumbai soon Nov 27 2008
Ravi Chaudhary representative of the investment support and promotion Agency of
Turkey(ISPAT) said that Turkey will have consulate in Mumbai in next Three months.By
2010-2011 new consulate would be established in either Chennai and Bangalore.
Fuel prices likely to lower after elections Nov 26, 2008
Murli Deora linked over the roll back of petroleum prices after the assembly elections. This
will take place in six states. Reasoning that of the international crude oil prices having gone
down this decision would take place after polls. The prices of petrol had climbed by Rs 5/-
diesel by 3/- a litre and domestic LPG by Rs 50 per cylinder when the international crude
oil rate was record high. In July 2008 India’s crude basket was $45.54 per barrel just
recently on Monday when international price had reached $147 in July.
Legendary Goal Keeper Peter Thangaraj is no more. Nov 26, 2008
Peter Thangaraj the goal keeper of Indian football team has passed away. In 1962 Indian
team won the gold in Jakarta Asian Games of which he was the goal keeper. He is survived
by his wife, one son and three daughters. He was voted as Asia’s finest goal keeper in 1958.
He has played for India between 1954, 1968. He played for India in four Asiads in
1954,1958,1962 and 1966. He was an Arjuna Awardee.
Nano roll out decided from Gujarat. (7th October 2008)
The proposed site for the manufacture of nano car has been decided in Gujarat.The site near
Sanand,25 kms from the western side of Ahmedabad has been selected.The formalities for
the allotment of 1000 acres of land to the Tatas is all cleared.The land is located in 2200
acre campus which was owned by the Anand Agriculture University before its being given
back to the governement.It is used as a cattle and seed farm.After much looking for other
places after the Singur's drop out,many state governments have been inviting tata to invest
in their state.
Assam Violence (7th October 2008)
Violence in Assam has been going on between Bodo rebels and Bangladeshi migrants. First
clashes broke out in Assam’s Udalguri and Darrang districts. Five hundred houses have
been set ablaze till the update of this news,over one lakh people are sheltering in relief
camps. Four companies of BSF were deployed and more have to come.
State government spokes man Himanta Biswa Sarma has accused the National Democratic
Front if Bodoland (NDFB) of being involved in ethnic-cleansing in the Bodoland
Territorial Administered Districts (BTAD).The government threatens to look again over the
ceasefire agreements. The media is said to have potrayed the ongoing clash as ethnic
cleansing and not communal as said by Sarma who is the health Misnister after visiting
troubled Udalguri and Darrang Districts.
Police is using Helicopters for patrolling in Assam to stops attacks over the Bangladeshi
migrants. Clashes in the past have killed thousands of mainly Bangladeshi migrants.
Attack on Christians (7th October 2008)
The recent attack on Christians in Orrisa,has caught headlines everywhere.This air is
already tense due to the active work of christian missionaries there which is strongly
despised by the hindu fundametalists.Since the work also leads to lot of conversions into
christianity,occassionally christian missionaries become target of attack due to
this.Recently the leader of Bajrang Dal(a radical section of the Hindu nationalist
organisation RSS, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh),Swami Lakshmananda Saraswati was
murdered.It is percieved to be done by Christians, as the Bajrang Dal leader was sharp
opponent of the missionary work particularly of conversions.His murder lead to severe
backlash with mass murders,burning of churches,etc.
Though the Maoist group ownes up the killing of the leader but Bajrang Dal activists and
their other well wishers deny it.They say his murder does not serve the interests of the
maoist group so they don't see enimity with Maoists in his murder.Attacks have also spread
to Mangalore in Karnataka state.Both in Orrisa and Karnataka BJP is in power and
Karnataka CM is also reported to have asked for cessation of forcible conversions by the
christians.In reality no one can forcibly convert into chrisitianity as it is a matter of faith
and belief and that is what is the main thing in conversion. Superior General of christian
missionary Sister Nirmala has written letter to the Orrisa CM for provision of proper
security for the christians under attack.The Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr Rowan
Willams,has expressed deep anguish over the attack and destruction on christian interests
and has hoped for rebuilding and good future.
US India Business Council cancels visit to Kolkata (19th Sept 2008)
US India Business Council (USIBC) delegation has cancelled its visit to Kolkata. The
backup of TATA in nano small car manufacturing from Singur in West Bengal is said to be
the reason.
USIBC president Ron Somers disclosed of the cancellation due to the political turmoil
created due to Singur controversy. Because of this hope of new investment thereby
opportunities for new jobs have dwindled for now. It was however mentioned that the go
ahead may be possible in future if the circumstances become more favourable.
USIBC delegates however would visit Hyderabad and Delhi for opening up of more
business opportunities in agriculture, retail, real estate and supply chain management. The
reason cited for the cancellation by the US consulate in Kolkata was because of time
pressure.
Blasts in Delhi kill around thirty and wound hundreds (13th Sept 2008)
India bled on Saturday. The evil head of terrorism raised its ugly head again this time in
Delhi, killing the innocents and wounding many. The death toll has reached nearly 30 and
hundred others wounded. Home Minister Shivraj Patil has called upon all security
personnel to review the security arrangements across the country. Home Secretary
Madhukar Gupta told of streamlining the security measures in various ways and the home
ministry has listed of precautionary measures to aware the citizens with do’s and don’ts.
Five blasts took place within 40 minutes beginning at around 6:15 pm (1245 GMT), in the
city’s crowded Ghaffar Market, Connaught Place and Greater Kailash leaving complete
havoc and chaos. At least 4 bombs were defused also. Delhi police has assured of cracking
the case soon and bringing the culprits to justice.
British Justice Minister Jack Straw who was in Delhi for a three day visit expressed his
anguish and cited urgency for UK and India to jointly work in countering this menace. He
conveyed of the British PM Gordon Brown’s worry over this issue. Messages from across
the world have been pouring with condemnation over the blasts.
The former president and Missile Man A.P.J Abdul Kalam, has given points in countering
terrorism with more effectiveness that is, by implementation for strong anti terror law,
stringent punishment and faster justice, effective participation of people for effective
gathering of intelligence in all levels. He also called for National citizen identity card to be
issued for keeping tab on individuals.
Violence in Srinagar (13th Sept 2008)
It was the second day of continued violence in Srinagar.The clash between security forces
and agitators continued since the second day on Saturday in Maisuma area of the city.The
situation got sparked off over the killing of two persons in police firing.It had all off a
sudden when in a normal day the clashes broke out forcing the closing of shops and other
establishments.
Satyam Computer Services Decides of Pull Back from West Bengal (13th Sept 2008)
Satyam Computer Services,which is the fouth largest software exporter of India,has
decided to pull out its operations from Kolkata.The company decided not go ahead with its
proposed software development center at Salt lake's Sector V, Kolkata's IT hub.This was
decided in the meeting last week.The disclosion has not been given formally to the Bengal
government.
The reasons cited for pull back are,that the piece of proposed land for setup is low lying and
prone to water logging particularly in monsoons.
TATA's nano car factory setup in Singur will be pulled out (4th Sept 2008)
TATA have decided that the factory which was setup in Singur in West Bengal will not
operate.The infrastructure will be removed
Flood in Assam (2nd Sept 2008)
The flood has created havoc in Assam. One million people have been displaced and 15
people have died. 16 districts have been hit by the floods. Army soldiers were deployed for
relief and rescue missions. It is reported that flood affected 1346 villages. affecting a land
area of about2.69 609 hectares. These data are from the first wave of floods that began on
May 28.
The Singur dilemma and the TATA’s dream project. (28nd August 2008)
The TATA brought a dream and along with it a controversy. It’s a debate over the
industrialization over the farming land depicted with an anguished face of a hapless farmer.
The question is all about 400 acres of land. The Bengal government gave 400 acres of land
to the TATA’s at Singur in West Bengal for setting up their manufacturing unit of car
‘nano’ and that’s when the hell broke loose. Mamta Banerjee the “Saviour” of farmers
jumped into the fray to keep the TATA’s at bay. Mamta Banerjee says that the land has
been snatched away from the farmers and is leading agitation against this. A prominent
activist Medha Patkar and Samajwadi Party general secretary Amar Singh, former congress
leader Soumen Mitra,Krishijami Jiban Jibika Raksha Committee (Save Farmland
Committee), convenor Purnendu Bose and other political and social activists have joined
hands in the protest.
The Bengal government says that it cannot retreat on this issue as the land in question is
segregated and not one whole piece, giving back of it is not feasible. Besides the uprooting
of infrastructure too is very problematic but the TATA has nevertheless threatened to pull
out if the tension continues.
As of now the work in the factory has been halted due to the security concerns.
PM allots 1000 crore for flood hit Bihar (28nd August 2008)
The Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has described the flood in Bihar as national calamity.
Rs 1000 crore have been allotted for the relief and remedial operation with immediate
effect. The Prime Minister was accompanied by UPA Chairperson Sonia Gandhi in aerial
survey of the four most effected districts of Bihar. The flood due to the breakage of Kosi
river from its destined route continues to spell doom. Personnel of National Disaster
Response Force (NDRF), Special Auxiliary Police (SAP), Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB),state
police and the army were engaged in the flood-hit areas to provide help. As per the statical
records, more than 20 lakh people and their houses, towns 242 panchyats and 671 villages
have been inundated due to the river flow through them.
Kosi River creates Havoc in Bihar (26nd August 2008)
In north Bihar the mighty Kosi River broke its embankment and began to flow on different
route causing submerging of towns, many villages. Many people have lost homes and many
have died. Near the Bhimnagar barrage, which is close to the Nepal border, it broke its
bank and is directed towards the Ganga, over almost 100km south.
The great fear looms further as what is startling is that 3km wide breach is growing by 200
meters every day. Since the Bhimnagar barrage is just 12km away if the breach reaches
barrage, huge inhabited areas of Supaul, Aharsa, Araria, Madhepura ,Katihar and Purnea
districts would be drowned causing catastrophe on ever bigger scale.
To solve this, repair work need to be done in Nepal. Upon the arrival of Indian team there,
violent protest turned them back. It is seen that full fledged involvement of Center is
needed to tackle this in understanding with Nepal government
The Amarnath crises remains in deadlock (22nd August 2008)
Amaranth is a cave in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is held significant on basis of
Hindu mythology and more people go in large numbers annually in specific period there
out of devotion. For the convenience of huge mass coming there and making the trip to the
cave, the government of India and the state government of Jammu and Kashmir officially
got the 100 acres of forest land transferred to Shri Amarnathji Shrine Board(SASB) which
is a body involved in Amarnath issue.
The transferring of the land to the Shri Amarnathji Shrine Board (SASB) sparked off
protest for reversal of the land allotment and the issue got into imbroglio. The government
did revoke its order of land transfer under pressure and this in turn created backlash by the
devotees against revoking. Timely the curfew were imposed and then lifted but the situation
remained tense.
Many people have died in police firing and both the parties stick to their stance, one
insisting on not allotting the forest land to the Shrine Board and another insisting upon the
allotment of the forest land as before revoking.
In early August 2008, the members of the Amaranth Shrine Board resigned in demand for
land allotment. Few of the devotees even went upto commiting suicide to instigate the
masses. In the same month Army had been deployed since then to take control of the
situation. In midst of the controversy, the Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir Ghulam
Nabi Azad resigned.
In August 22 the Hurriyat began Idgah rally against the land allotment and the government
is keen to bring down the matter to the negotiating table. As of now the situation remains in
a deadlock.
Longest runway in Asia at IGI Airport. (21st August 2008)
Indra Gandhi International airport will have a new runway which will be the longest one in
Asia. The runway would be 4430 meters long and would have advanced runway lighting
system.Facility of CAT-3B technology would be deployed for landing assistance in foggy
conditions.
The new runway would capable to accommodate landing of very big planes such as A-380,
AB-225 and so on.
Flights effected due to AAI strike. (20th August 2008)
In the wake for demand of privatisation of government owned airports and salaries, airport
authority of India (AAI) went on a 12 hour strike. The nation wide general strike by the the
Central Public Sector Trade Unions (CPSTU) has been supported in this respect.
Passengers faced inconvenience in Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Kokata and other cities. All
airport employees had gone on strike under the the airport Authority Employees' Union
(AAEU) which demanded cessation of further privatisation or leasing out of other AAI
airports in the country. Delhi International Airport Ltd had taken up preparatory measures
to minimise the effect of the strike in airport functioning.
Resignation by all the members of Amarnath Shrine Board (6th August 2008)
All ten members of the Amarnath land row tendered their resignation in the amidst of the
controversy of land revocation from the Shrine board. The resignations have been
submitted to J&K Governor NN Vohra. The board is firm on its stance for over ruling the
previous decision and allotting back the land to the shrine board.
India to get new undersea cruise missiles (4nd August 2008)
India will get the upgraded Kiloclass submarine INS Sindhuvijay.It has dangerous Kub-S-
Cruise missiles.It will be bought from Russia and delivery is scheduled in one week.
Curfew imposed in Jammu, Army deployed(2nd August 2008)
Curfew has been imposed and army deployed to check with the menace of violence in the
region. Due to firing on the protesters which were against the transfer of forest land to Shri
Anmarnathji Shrine Board (SASB),the situation got serious. The situation got tense after
the announcement of of Governer NN Vohra that the shrine board would be assigned back
the responsibility of annual yatra. In Samba Army was deployed and Jammu and Samba
were under the curfew. The representatives of Shri Amarnathji yatra have ruled out of any
talks with Governere Vohra over the Amarmanth land scuffle.
Train mishap- Fire engulfs the coaches (2nd August 2008)
Eight people were injured, and 32 died, when fire broke out in the Secunderabad-Kakinada
Gouthami Express train. This happened in the wee hours in Warangal district of Andhra
Pradesh on Friday.
About 200 kms from Hyderabad, fire broke out in the speeding train probably due to short
circuit.
CPM leader Harkishan Surjeet is no more(1st August 2008)
CPM leader Harkishan Surjeet has passed away due to cardiac arrest on this day. He was 92
and was hospitalized for some time. CPM General Secretary Prakash Karat disclosed of the
news. His conditioned had worsened since last week.
He had played a vital role in keeping BJP out of power in 1996 and facilitated in the
formation of coalition government by the congress at the centre eight years later.
Blasts in Gujarat (29th July 2008)
The death toll of 45 has been officially declared with 160 people wounded.The bombs of
ammonium nitrate were were strapped to bicycles and motorbikes and under the seats of
crowded public buses.They were detonated with timers.Around 30 people have been taken
for interrogation. Three more live bombs have been defused after that in Surat. People have
shown concern in maintenance of communal harmony and depicted and understanding that
the terror victimizes anyone irrespective of religion or caste and has to be jointly combated
in unison by all the citizens living.
Seven Blasts have taken place in Bangalore (25th July 2008)
Seven blasts took place in Bangalore in places namely Midwala bus depot, Mysore road,
Adugudi, Koramangla, Vittal Mallaya road, Langford Town and Richmond Town.These
blasts took place within one hour. The blasts were timed which was told by Bangalore
Commissioner of Police, Shankar Bidari. Some companies shut off their workplaces, as
well as some schools, colleges, malls and cinemas. The intensity of explosions are
classified as comparatively lower and were of crude explosives. The investigations are on.
Curfew lifted in Jammu (25th July 2008) The curfew was lifted in Jammu on Friday and
nearby areas after sensing favourable environment in that respect.Twelve policemen and
other 27 were wounded in the violent confrontation with agitators.
Jammu Deputy Commissioner Mandeep K Bandari of Jammu told that patrol by the cops
and CRPF is intesified and if necessary the curfew will be reimposed according to sources.
Curfew imposed in Jammu (24th July 2008)
The cancellation of land transfer to the Shri Amarnath Shrine Board (SASB) still caused
repercussion with latest being the suicide of a man in anger. Divisional Commissioner of
Jammu Sudhanshu Pandey disclosed the decision of imposing indefinite curfew in
precaution. The dead man Kuldip Kumar Dogra came up with a new idea to instigate the
masses by committing suicide in front of them as he consumed poison after a speech thus
creating a live scene.
It did cause turmoil in people and the situation got violent.
UPA Cabinet Expansion Likely in August (24th July 2008)
The after effects of winning the trust vote by UPA will eventually make significant
headlines as of now when PM is planning expansion of ministerial berths. Its likely that that
the cabinet maybe expanded in August. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has ruled out any
kind of deal under the tables in allotment of ministerial berth in return for vote.
Meanwhile the United States expressed its happiness over the win of UPA government.
BJP expels its 8 MPs (23th July 2008)
BJP leashed out its fury by expelling its 8 MPs after it had to take a big jolt as six of its
MP’s voted in favor of UPA while some remained absent. The high command expressed it
rage by the number of MPs which voted against its directives and has called the voting as
tainted. With the conspiracies of bribery creeping up in this episode, Advani demanded
investigation in this regard. The retaliatory comments from the various leaders are now
from various sides. As in case of the comment by Mayawati, the BSP chief who pointed at
NDA for supporting government in order to shield the PM chair from her due to her being a
dalit lest it may lead to her accession on it due to her being a Dalit. The allegation was
refuted by the sources.
Lok Sabha speaker shown the exit door of the party (23rd July 2008)
The Lok Sabha Speaker Somnath Chatterjee was expelled form the Communist Party of
India-Marxist (CPM) for refusing to resign on his own. After the withdrawl of support to
the UPA by the four left parties he was pestered to submit his resignation.The politburo of
the CPM held meeting which comprises of 14 members to took decision to expel Chatterjee
for being inconsitent to the party's concerns.
UPA wins confidence vote, set to move on with Nuclear deal (23rd July 2008)
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh is the seventh Prime Minister to win the trust vote.Having
won the confidence vote after a heated debate on the Nuclear deal, the Nuclear deal will set
to be forwarded to next levels.

The major moves set for now is that the technical details of the India specific safeguards
agreements will be briefed to the IAEA’s 144 members.
August 1st is scheduled for endorsement of it by the IAEA board of governors. After this
the German Chancellor Angela Merkel is set to convene plenary meeting of the Nuclear
Suppliers country’s representatives which are 45 in number. It is hoped that NSG
exemption will be through by around 1st week of September.
Following that, the US congress is expected to be presented with all the agreements along
with the 123 pact by the US presidential determination for ratification with an up down
vote.
India is anxious about the US draft and has specifically conveyed in setting its eyes on it
before its being circulated.
MPs for Sale (21th July 2008)
There have emerged news about the MP's being offered upto whopping 50 crores to vote in
favour of UPA. Shiv Sena had recently clarified its stand as opposed to UPA in nuclear
deal.It is now of concern that some of its MP's might 'give way' and vote in favour of UPA
as against the party's unanimous decision.The news leaked that at least three its MP's had
been seduced with the offering by Congress,NCP and bookies.In the midst of this drama, K
Krishnan,chairman of Venus Detectives told TOI of their service being asked for, for
prying on the MP's by their respective parties.
Nine soldiers die in a Blast in J& K (19th July 2008)
Nine soldiers are confirmed to be killed and many others wounded in a Blast in Jammu and
Kashmir. The attack is believed to be carried by militant group.
When the army convoy neared Narbal which is 15 Km from Srinagar,an IED exploded on
Srinagar Baramulla Highway leading to the calamity.
India's draft to IAEA,with clauses (10th July 2008)
The Associated Press obtained a confidential document in which India has placed
conditions to be scrutinized by IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency). The
document is meant to pave way for business with 45 nations which will export coveted
nuclear fuel and technical knowhow.
The 35 board members were availed of its content for the approval.The 23 page document
is along with other safeguard agreements.The document also carries clauses for mending
measures by India in any eventuality of cessation of foreign fuel supplies.Though this
appears to be controversial as it might facilitate ending of IAEA conditions of some
facilities.The facilities which India consents to put under the watch of IAEA are yet
undefined. However India's reconciliatory steps should be distinctly outlined in course of
cessation of fuel and technology.This concern was expressed by Daryl Kimball,executive
director of the Arms Control Association in Washington. IAEA safe guarding is important
for India's business with nuclear supplying nations. Still some protocols have to take their
some months time for India's full fledged involvement as per the agreement.
Left formally withdraws support (9th July 2008)
The left parties led by CPM General Secretary Prakash Karat, met the President Pratibha
Patil, handing over the letters for withdrawal of support to the UPA government. The four
Parties of the left have number of 59 in Lok Sabha.
US stresses on importance of N-deal (9th July 2008)
In duration of the political waywardness developing in India over the issue of N-deal, US
President applauded the Prime Minister’s leadership in sticking with the stance. He stressed
the importance for the deal as beneficial for both countries. Singh mentioned about the
relationship being in best shape than ever with US. As the meeting went for 50 minutes,
both the leaders showed importance for continuation of better relationships between the two
countries.
Sensex plunges 444 points in early trade (9th July 2008)
Due heavy selling by funds, in heavy stocks led by Reliance Industries, Infosys
Technologies among others ,the sensex lost 444 points in early trade today. The National
Stock Exchange index’s Nifty went down by 133.95 points below the 3900 level at
3,896.05. The major companies which were hit were most were were Rcom, Infosys
Technologies, Reliance Industries, State Bank of India, Bharti Airtel Reliance Infra, Larsen
and Toubro, Maruti, Tata Steel, ICICI Bank, Grasim Industries,HDFC Bank ONGC HDFC
Ltd.
SP leaders in favour of Nuclear Deal (9th July 2008)
With the latest development in following, the Samajwadi Party wants a go ahead in Nuclear
Deal. Its leaders talk regarding this with the former President APJ Abdul Kalam who favors
the nuclear deal. SP has 39 members in the Lok Sabha. Left allies have 59.Yadav and
general party secretary met PM on this issue of its support. Yadav, emphasized his party’s
stand in prioritizing of national interest above mere politics by supporting the Indo-US deal.
The talks are on in this regard and further steps are being taken.
The inflation rises beyond to 11.63 % (4th July 2008)
The inflation rose to a new peak of 11.63 % till June 21, 2008. Inflation had already soared
to a 13 year high of 11.42% by the end of 14th June this year. Though there is no solution
immediately in sight, the common man has to bear the brunt of high inflation for now. In
measures for checking inflation the RBI raised the cash reserve ratio to 8.75 % and the
lending rate to other banks to 8.5 per cent for checking inflation.
Congress gears up for next elections.
Having been stuck on their stance in nuclear deal, the untimely elections seem likely. The
Manmohan Singh government did what it thought best- An uncompromising attitude. This
has lead to the withdrawal of support paving way for early elections. Sonia Gandhi has
asked its party to prepare itself and strengthen itself in the states. She inspected the
progression of tasks assigned to the senior leaders and reviewed them in AICC (All India
Congress Committee) meeting. The leaders have been asked to jot down preparatory steps
for presentation in the next meeting for the elections. This was conveyed to the press by the
party general secretary Janardan Dwivedi.
Science and Technology News
Chandrayaan mission Sends images of moon’s surface. Nov 26, 2008
Nine out of eleven scientific instruments on board Chandrayaan have become on.
Chandrayaan-1 the satellite successfully launched by the ISRO for getting more data on
lunar surface.
The Big Bang Experiment (27 August 2008)
How did the universe begin? That question has always perplexed. The viewing of the
celestial bodies by highly advanced telescopes showed red light being emitted. As it was
known that the red spectrum in the band of the whole light spectrum is at extreme end this
concluded that the bodies are moving further away. In other words the universe is
expanding.
After this inference, the after thought emerged about beginning of the universe by
conversely viewing the situation of the expanding universe that is of the time when
universe was relatively shrunked. That is if the bodies are moving away from each other,
then at some time they were close and further going back they would have originated from
one point.
The Famous Big Bang theory says just this.That the universe was formed from one big
explosion nicknamed as “Big Bang” which the big bang theory states and from that, the
celestial bodies emerged and began moving away thus resulting in expansion of the
universe.
With this background in mind, people have been witnessing the most expensive scientific
experiment ever on the formation of universe which has caught headlines world wide.
The basic aim of the experiment is to find out about the formation of the universe and why
is it so. What were the conditions just microseconds after the big bang happened which lead
to the formation of the universe. The knowledge out of this question would help to
understand better on the forces acting between the celestial bodies. More information on
tiny particles quarks and gluons which were just a close cluster just after the big bang
would be obtained. Reason for quarks being heavier when confined in larger particles like
protons may be known.
For this purpose the scientists have tried to recreate the conditions like at that instant of
time by a standard model to see what happens. For this, they have tried colliding atoms
successfully to see what happens just microseconds after and watch other effects.
This has been done by using the world’s most powerful accelerator Large Hadron Collider,
which is inside 17 mile tunnel lying 328 feel below the ground. It designed to generate
nearly one billion collisions between protons per second at energy of 14 trillion electron
volts. Also will it be able to create collisions between lead ions at energy of 1,150 TeV.
Mars Exploration by NASA complete (27 August 2008)
NASA's Mars Exploration is complete.The wheeling explorer had descended into the giant
crater of Mars and had been there for nearly a year for examining the rocks layers.
Next is the inspection of losse cobbles on the plains.The vehicle named 'Opportunity' has
six wheels and moves on the rought terrain of Mars analysing the samples from the surface
for inspection.
India’s Prospective Space mission (21 August 2008)
Chandrayan-1 is the prospective unmanned mission to moon between October and
December. This is planned to be undertaken in collaboration with seven other nations tying
up with NASA.
ISRO spokesperson S Satish disclosed of this and a key pact was signed at the conference
of International Lunar Users’ Group at Nasa’s Ames Research Center. In this regard, Devi
Prasad Karnik represented India who is a space counselor linked to the Indian Embassy in
Washington.
The other seven countries which have come into the fold of this mission are Canada,
Germany, Italy, Japan, South Korea, France and Britain. This is obviously to pave way for
new breakthroughs in this arena and send robotic expedition for a manned mission to the
moon.
NASA will be extra benefited with indulgence of these countries apart from India which are
keen for manned missions in course for future.
Finger Prints can diclose what chemical substance handled (11 August 2008)
Scientific advancement in criminology has a recent new breakthrough.Finger prints will
further reveal the type of chemical substances handled by the suspect.By scrutinizing the
impressions of the fingerprint by latest scientific means,detection of chemical traces of
handled substances can be done.The traces are left on the ridges of the finger print pattern
which are 5 parts per million of chemicals like cocaine,explosives or poisons etc. This has
generated a wave in crimonolgy as apart from identity of the person still further handling of
substances by him will be detectable giving a further feasibility in investigation process.
The different layers of fingerprints can be individually segregated too as the distribution of
compounds found in each fingerprint can be unique.So one fingerprint can be "pulled" from
beneath the other fingerprints individually identifying it with the identity of the suspect, and
verifying the substances handled by him or her.
Bullet velocity regulated guns now (24 July 2008)
Early 19 century saw development of gun for delivering multiple loads in a single barrel in
quick succession in the form of revolver. Now here's another turning point in this era-The
development of gun for delivering multiple speed loads in a single barrel.
The project is in development stage and the US army is funding into its development.The
gun is in development for delivering a velocity regulated shot either enough to just wound a
subject or kill him depending upon the gun's setting.

The weapon is called Variable Velocity Weapon System and would be equipped by soldiers
for riot controls and such duties.
The basic mechanism is that the mixture of liquid or gaseous fuel with air in a combustion
chamber would cause the bullet to propel.The explosive capability would depend on the
mixture choosed depending upon the setting for lethal or non lethal shot.
It makes one to think of the legal complications which can arise with it if there happens to
be any sort of malfunction.With no bargain for margin of error in such cases, but possible
involvement of laws of probability like in everywhere, its legal aspects have to be clealy
defined.Among various other factors,the deciding factor for a velocity setting to be a non
lethal one especially for a particular target subject in certain health, built and gender is a
matter of debate. Lately with the news of the death of one by tazer gun used by police in
US further causes us to reflect just how complicated legal formalities may have to be before
the implementation of this Variable Velocity Weapon System commences in actuality.
Petrol shortage? Here’s seems an alternative. (29 June 2008)
Lately lot of media interest has aroused over the use of water powered car. As the name
sounds, the car is purely powered by water. Surprising as it sounds but real, the basic idea
employed is the electrolysis of water. Electrolysis which is basically passing of current
through a solution, as here, water, breaks it into two elements that is oxygen and hydrogen.
So oxygen and hydrogen become substitute for gasoline and there you are. Though still it is
in preliminary stage of experimentation, there are lot of factors which have to be further
enhanced most importantly the speed and power thrust. Though it still runs cool at about 80
kilometers in some models.
Sports News

Indian Boxer Vijender gets bronze (22th August 2008)


Indian boxer Vijender got bronze as he lost in the semi final bout. His opponent did some
good footwork and reach. Vijender did however fought gallantly to carry the fight till the
fourth round. Emilio, a two-time Pan-American Champion from Cuba had taken an edge
over India’s Vijender in the third round.
The Phelp's Midas touch-eight gold medals but with grit. (21th August 2008)
Eight gold medals in single Olympics- Michael Phelps has surpassed the record of Olympic
legend Mark Spitz who won seven gold medals in 1970 Olympics and eight is now a new
bench mark. A swimmer whose feat will be engraved in history with time has been the talk
of the town, no...planet. With Olympic craze across the globe, the American Swimmer was
in his best form and had won the seventh gold by hundredths of a second against Serbian
swimmer Milorad Cavic who was sided with silver.
Wrestler Sushil Kumar gets bronze for India (20th August 2008)
In wrestling, India has something to cheer about as wrestler Sushil Kumar won bronze. He
defeated Kazkhastan’s Spiridonav in 66 Kg freestyle wrestling at the Beijing Olympics.
Before this India had won bronze in 1952 when wrestler Khashabha Jadhav won that year.
In the Athens Games Sushil stood14th and he was ranked seventh in the 2007 World
Championship.
This is for the first time India has won two medals in the same Olympics.
Olympics creating new waves of History (18th August 2008)
Eighth gold medal went to Phelps in Beijing Olympics.China got another eight in total for a
Games-leading total of 35 which is seen as best in history.China eight golds in 37 medal
events on sunday the 17th was at its best.
As of now, Americans have 31 medals with 12 golds.In total U.S team has 19 total golds
and holds a 65-61 lead over China. In rowing China bagged first gold ever in the category
of women's quadruple sculls and added victories in men's gymnastics,women's
wrestling,table tennis,diving and badminton.
Britian got two golds in sailing,one in rowing and one is cycling having a total of 11.
Rafael Nadal bagged gold for spain making it a second one for the country when he
defeated Fernando Gonzalez of Chile in the men's singles tennis final.
In women's doubles,Venus and Serena Williams won the women's doubles title for the US
and Elena Dementieva got gold .Russian bagged all medals in singles category in women
section.
Usain Bolt of Jamaica won the men's 100 meters in a world record time of 9.69 seconds
while in women Shelly-Ann Fraser won in the 100 for Jamaica.Sherone Simpson and
Kerron Steward shared silver.
The oldest olympic champion at the age of 38 was Constantina Tomescu of Romania won
the women's marathon.
In Hammer throw, Primoz Kozmus won in men's for Slovenia,Francoise Mbango Etone
won for Cameroon defending her title successfully.
Russia's Fulnara Galkina Samitova bettered her world record winning the women's 3000
steeplechase and kenenisa Bekele led an Ethiopian 1-2 finish in the men's 10.000 meters.
Britta Steffen won 50-meter freestyle edging Torres by .01 second preventing the 41 year
old American from becoming the oldest swimmer to win an olympic gold medal.
Oussama Mellouli of Tunis won in 1500 freestyle.
Indian Boxer Akhil Reaches quarter final in Olympics. (16th August 2008)
Can India add another medal in its stride? The undiminishing hope to last always,yet again
got rekindled when Akhil Kumar of India won to reach the quarter final in 54 Kg category
in a boxing bout.The boxer from Haryana, needs to win quarter final encounter to win
olympic medal.
Akhil boxed aggressively to cover his lag to 7-8 and then to 9-9 in the last round due to
some pounches which earned him points.
Coach GS Sandhu expressed confidence in him and hoped that he would be able to make
another cheer for India after Abhinav Bindra who won gold in shooting.
Abhinav Bindra bags first ever individual gold for India in Beijing Olympics (11th
August 2008)
Abhinav Bindra has claimed first ever individual gold medal for India in shooting. A
composed Bindra was in all cheers after receiving the medal. Bindra is 25 and has won gold
in the 10m air rifle event at the Beijing Games on Monday. He is a Khel Ratna awardee and
had earlier won the gold medal in 2002 Commonwealth Games in the pairs event and silver
in the individual event.
The Indian Olympic association has hailed at this moment of pride and the President and
the Prime Minister have conveyed their congratulatory messages on his winning the gold in
this Olympics.
Monika Devi fails Dope test (6th August 2008)
Weightlifter from India had to backtrack on her participation in the Olympics on account
for failing in dope test. Monika was categorized in 69 Kg category in this year's Olympics.
It is scheduled to start from 8th August to 24th of this month.She had won silver medal for
the country by winning silver and two bronze at the Asian Championship in Japan.
Anand wins Mainz chess title for record 11th time (4th August 2008)
Viswanathan Anand exhibited his prowess yet again when he defeated Magnus Carlsen in
the final of the 13th Grenkeleasing Rapid World Championship.Anand won the first two
games of the four-game final.This was Anand's 11th win in Mainz. In the opening Anand
won in 50 moves and so did he in the second game. In the third Anand again got the game
into Sicilian and drew in 56 moves to complete the title.The fourth game was only 11
moves from Catalan and Anand won 3-1.
Vijay Singh wins the WGC Bridegestone invitation (4th August 2008)
Vijay Singh of Fiji, won the WGC Bridgestone invitational by one shot at Firestone country
Club on Sunday. This is his first world victory in the World Golf Championship event.
Sharapova will not be in the Beijing Olympics (1st August 2008)
Shoulder injury has forced tennis player Maria Sharapova of Russia to pull out of Beijing
Olympics.She injured herself when playing against Marta Domachowska of Poland during
WTA tournament,the match in which she won. She confirmed of her non participation in
the Beijing Olympics to the reporters and expressed anguish over it.
Asif disqualified for Champions trophy amid doping scandal (14th July 2008)
Pakistani cricket player Asif, got into fresh doping scandal in which he tested positive for
banned substance.PCB's chief operation officer expressed his disgust in the turn out of the
event. Asif however has claimed his innocence over the issue. His probability of inclusion
into the Champions Trophy is ruled out.The IPL did comparasion of result from the WADA
approved laboratory of Switzerland with the information obtained by IDTM and result was
positive. Upon verification it was revealed that Asif had not intimidated and applied for
exemption for banned medications, that is for Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE).This has
complicated his legal status.

With the extra twist of events with this,the disclosure of Asif's name in doping charge has
caused annoyance to the Pakistan Sports Medicine Association.They called it a violation as
per WADA rules because player should not be named on doping charges without the
analysis of his 'B' sample in his presence or his legal and medical representative.This was
stated by Danish Zaheer the head of the Pakistan Medicine Association.
In response to this accusation, IPL has denounced any kind of violation saying that it was
done in order for the player to stand out for consenting to further verification, in his
presence, of his B sample.This might give him a chance to disprove of the doping
allegations if they come out negative at next instance.
Rafael Nadal adorns the Wimbledon crown (9rd July 2008)
On Sunday a Wimbleldon history got a silver streak for Spain,when the spaniard Rafael
Nadal won the wimbledon championship against Roger Federer.Nadal snatched the
matched by 6-4,6-4,6-7(5),6-7(8),9-7.
What is unusual of this match is that it happens to be the longest one ever as per the
records.
Nadal is the only spaniard to win the wimbledon title after Manuel Santana who won in
1966.
Bjorn Borg of Sweden is the only one to win both french and wimbledon titles in the same
year before Nadal in 1980.
Venus William defeats Serena Williams to lift wimbledon title (9rd July 2008)
Venus Williams defeated sister Serena Williams to become the wimbledon champion.
Recognizing the impact of Sanitation on Public Health, poverty reduction, economic and
social development and the environment United Nations launched 2008 as the International
Year of Sanitation to accelerate progress for 2.6 billion people worldwide who are without
proper sanitation facililites. India is a signatory to this resolution. The central objective of
the International Year of Sanitation is to put the global community on track to achieve the
sanitation MDG.India is committed to achieve this objective on a time bound manner and
has set out its own goals. As against the UN target to halve the proportion of people without
success to basic sanitation by 2015 as defined in the Johannesburg Plan of Action India is
committed to increase the sanitation cover from present 50% to cent percent by 2012 AD.

Current Events 2007


International Events:
India and China team Up to tackle West on Climate Pact (8, Dec 2007)
India and China along with other G-77 countries begun a strong campaign against the
pressure mounted at Bali by the industrialized countries to trash the existing global climate
change treaty called the UN Framework Convention on Climate change.If the industrialized
countries have their way it could see India taking on green house gas emissions which it
contends would slow down the country's economic growth. India is demanding that the
process of reviewing the industrialized country's failure to reduce their emissions despite
existing binding commitments be carried on separately than the discussion on the long term
future commitments. But the industrialized countries have been pushing hard for a merger
of both the issues.
India,China may win battle for Climate fund (6, Dec 2007)
India and China are close to bringing an international fund to help developing and poor
countries adapt to climate changes revived.The two emerging economies along with other
developing and poor nations have forced the agenda onto the table at the UN global meet
on climate change in Bali. The move hopes to revive fund which has been defunct for
almost a decade.The fund at present made out of a 2%cess on the carbon trade is meant to
help non industralized countries adapt to emerging threats from climate change such as
protecting coasts against rising sea level.But the kitty for the poor countries has gathered a
mere $67 million in the past decade.
World headed for ecological disaster-HDR (28, Nov 2007)
The warning against carbon emissions just got more urgent.The UN Human Development
Report said on Tuesday that unless the global community agrees to cut emissions by half by
2050 the world will face huge economic setbacks and ecological catastrope.The poor
nations would be hit the hardest as they are the least equipped to face nature's fury manifest
in devastating storms and droughts.
Fidel Castro in grave condition (17, Jan 2007)
Ailing Cuban leader Fidel Castro is in very grave condition after three failed operations and
complications from intestinal infection. Cuba has released little information on Castro's
condition since he temporarily ceded power in July 2006 to his brother, Defence Minister
Raul Castro. This prompted much speculation in the country and around the world.
Emergency declared in Bangladesh (12, Jan 2007)
A state of emergency was declared in Bangladesh prior to general elections on January 22.
President Iajuddin Ahmed stepped down as head of Bangladesh's interim government due
to pressure from the Awami League led alliance. Night curfew was imposed in the country
fearing violence in the wake of the decision of the alliance led by Awami League chief to
stay away from the elections, pressing for the removal of Ahmed as head of the interim
government to ensure free and fair polls.
Clashes in Bangladesh (8, Jan 2007)
There were renewed clashes in Bangladesh between police and political activists two weeks
before parliamentary elections. At least 50 people were injured and 30 detained on the
second day of a transport blockade called by former Prime minister Sheikh Hasina's multi
party alliance, which is boycotting the January 22 polls. As the violence spread, caretaker
President Iajuddin Ahmed summoned army chief Lieutenant General Moiuddin U.Khan to
review the situation.
National Events:
Expulsion must for ragging- SC (11,Dec 2007)
Concerned over the tardy implementation of its previous orders ,Supreme Court directed
educational institutions to adopt a zero tolerance policy to ragging and expel students found
guilty of maltreating freshers.Laying down explusion of offenders in ragging cases as the
minimum punishment the court said that this was needed to end the menace that could lead
to extreme torture and harrassment and even loss of life.
Forest Rights Act to be enforced from Jan 1 (8,Dec 2007)
The UPA Government decided to operationalize the controversial Forest Rights Act by
January 1 .The environment ministry issued guidelines to demarcate critical wildlife
habitats as provided in the Forest Rights Act in order to ensure rights of people in the
existing tiger reserves,national parks and wildlife sanctuaries.
Child Marriages in Ajmer in single day (8,Dec 2007)
Despite India banning child marriages in 1929 the practice still continue without any
check.Rajasthan which witnesses many such marriages on Akha Teej every year witnessed
the marriages of 25 child couples in a mass ceremony in Ajmer district.It was attended by
thousands of people and overlooked by government machinery.
No more funds for Ganga Cleaning (6,Dec 2007)
The Supreme Court took a serious view of the level of pollution in the Ganga despite the
ambitious Ganga Action Plan spending Rs 1000 crore and directed the Centre not to release
more funds without the states showing utilization certificates for the earlier grants.
Tobacco lobby blocks move on gory warnings (30,Nov 2007)
The govenment move to have pictures of cancerous tumours on cigarette packs and other
products to scare people away from smoking has been scuttled by powerful tobacco
lobby.The group of ministers headed by Mr Pranab mukarjee has decided to relook at the
pictoral warnings.
Lakhs of Cases Pending in Indian Courts (30,Nov 2007)
As many as 37.1 lakh cases were pending in India's 21 high courts as of June 30,2007. On
the same day 2.5 crore cases were pending in lower courts. Of the 792 posts of judges
sanctioned for high courts 206 are vacant.Of the sanctioned strength of 15,399 judges in
lower courts,3,031 are vacant. Indian judicial system is facing severe problems of lack of
infrastructure,abnormally low salaries for the judges and unfilled lower court posts with
corruption at all levels.The government is not focussing on how to pull the judiciary out of
the current mess.Each passing year parliament and state assemblies pass more and more
laws yet no-one in the government appears to give thought to the fact that number of judges
should be increased to cope with increased number of litigants and that retraining of judges
in new laws is necessary.
India's political map is set to be redrawn (29,Nov 2007)
The country's electoral landscape may change soon with a significant fallout for some of
the leading players.With the gazette notification of delimitation of 25 states placed in
Parliament and nine chief ministers having already written to PM demanding its
implementation,the stage is set for a complete alteration of many parliamentary and
assembly constitutencies nursed as family boroughs by politicians. What is delimitation?
Delimitation is the process of fixing the boundaries of constituencies.The boundaries are
redefined from time to time by the Delimitation Commission to reflect new population
patterns. How will it affect politics this time? While the total number of LS and assembly
seats remains the same in each state,new states will come up and boundaries of old ones
redrawn. There will be more urban constituencies ,fewer rural ones. Reserved seats to go up
from 116 to 126
280 die in Indian road accidents every day (27,Nov 2007)
Indian roads are lethal as it is evident with official figures revealing that nearly 280 people
die in road accidents every day.Among the metros Delhi tops the chart with 1,717 persons
dying on its roads in 2005. Among cities,Chennai is second behind Delhi with 1,055
dead,followed by Bangalore,Mumbai,Kanpur,Hyderabad,Jaipur and Kolkata.In Delhi
nearly 1/4th of the victims were pedestrians a testimony to the city's culture of reckless
driving as well as poor road etiquette.
Amethi gets an ordinance factory (27,Nov 2007)
The UPA government has sanctioned an ordinance factory for Rahul Gandhi's Amethi
constituency.This comes after a new NIFT was sanctioned for the Rae bareli constituency
of his mother,Congress Chief Sonia Gandhi.
Indian wins Commonwealth top Job (25,Nov 2007)
Career diplomat Kamlesh Sharma was unanimously chosen as the new commonwealth
secretary general after a close race to emerge as the first Indian to hold the coveted post of
the 53-member grouping.Currently India's high commissioner to the UK 66 -year old
Sharma was chosen after an intense campaign.
Indo- US Nuclear Deal ( 23, July 2007)
The Indian and US officials finalized the draft 123 agreement on civil nuclear cooperation.
This is has been referred to the respective government for review. The draft would come up
before the Cabinet Committee on National Security for approval in India and it would go to
the president in the US. It has taken two years and two days from July 18, 2005 –the date of
the joint statement of Prime Minister Man Mohan Singh and President George W Bush on
enhancement of Indo-US cooperation including civil nuclear cooperation at the White
House to finalize the draft. This is the fastest negotiation on such civil nuclear cooperation.
India to get reduced aid from US ( 23, July 2007)
India is now transforming country not a developing country according to USAID.The
change in nomenclature rids India of decades old label.USAID has decided to reduce the
already marginal US assistance to India and eventually eliminate it because of India’s
thriving economy. India will be one of the biggest losers under secretary of state
Condoleezza Rice’s new aid plan that is tilted towards strife –torn countries such as Iraq,
Afganistan and Pakistan. US aid to India is slated to be cut to $ 81 million in 2008.
Dadua, North’s Veerappan gunned down ( 23, July 2007)
Bringing to an end a three decade long reign of terror, the Special Task Force on Sunday
gunned down dacoit Shiv Kumar Patel alias Dadua dreaded as the Veerappan of North.
Five of his associates were also killed in the late night encounter in the Jhalwal forests in
Chitrakoot district. He had a cash reward of Rs 5 lakhs on his head.
Pratibha Patil becomes India’s first woman president ( 23, July 2007)
Pratibha Patil is India’s first female president elect. She was also the first woman Governor
of Rajasthan. She won the election by defeating her nearest rival ,Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
by over 3,00,000 votes. She will be sworn in on July 25.
India’s own space university ( 23, July 2007)
India’s first space university is all set to start in August for country’s satellite and rocket
programme.ISRO is setting up Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology that is
expected to meet the high technology requirements of ISRO.It would initially operate from
the campus of the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre of ISRO which will create a full-fledged
infrastructure for IIST near Kerala state capital in about 2 years.
Actress Shilpa Shetty faces racist abuse (17, Jan 2007)
Actress Shilpa Shetty has been facing severe racist abuse on a British reality show
Celebrity Big Brother. Fellow participants literally drove the actress to tears calling her all
sorts of offensive names. These unwarranted for racist attacks have triggered outrage at the
highest levels of government in both countries. The Indian government has taken up the
issue with Britain though Shilpa continues to face insults on the show.
Navjot Singh Sidhu behind bars (12, Jan 2007)
Former cricketer and BJP leader Navjot Singh Sidhu surrendered at a court in Chandigarh
in a road rage case of 1988 which led to the death of one person. Sidhu was sentenced to a
three year prison term by the Punjab and Haryana High Court. He is being kept at the
Patiala jail in the MP ward but according to the jail officials, no special facilities would be
provided to him.

Happenings-2006
International affairs:

1. India and Ireland sign 3 agreements between PM Manmohan Singh and Bertie
Ahern
2. "Delhi Declaration" signed between Saudi Arabian King Abdullah bin Abdul
Aziz al Saud and Dr. Manmohan Singh
3. India and France sign 9 agreements upon French President Jacques Chirac's visit.
Issues declaration on development of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes.
4. March 2 declaration on Indo-US nuclear deal George Bush-Manmohan Singh
talks.
5. India and Australia sign six agreements on Prime Minister John Howard's visit.
6. India and Chile enter preferential Trade Agreement. The Indian and Chinese
Defence Ministries sign the first ever MoU on military ties.
7. India and China inaugurate trade through Nathula pass linking Tibet and Sikkim.
8. India and Germany launch major science and technology initiatives.
9. Visit of Chinese president Hu Jintao to India, joint declaration promoting trade
issued.
10. New Delhi and Manila sign defence accord.
11. India and South Korea agree to conclude economic agreement by 200
12. India and Myanmar sign MoU on alternative route through Mizoram for proposed
oil pipeline.
13. 7 agreements signed with Uzbekistan President Islam Karimov.
14. India and Japan agree upon bilateral peace partnership.
15. India and Brazil speaks of strategic partnership.
16. India and Pakistan agree to form an Anti-Terrorism Mechanism.
17. India and South Africa sign 25-point joint Tshwane Declaration promoting
strategic partnership.
18. US President George Bush signs the Henry J. Hyde United States-India Peaceful
Atomic Energy Cooperation Act, 200

Happenings at the UN:

1. India elected to newly created Human Rights Council of the UN


2. India signs the Convention for Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism at the
UN headquarters.
3. The UN General Assembly adopts the United Nations Global Counter Terrorism
Strategy.
4. South Korean Foreign Minister is nominated the new Secretary General. Shashi
Tharoor of India lost the race for the coveted post.
5. UN imposes financial and military sanctions on North Korea for conducting
nuclear test.
6. The UN Security Council imposes sanctions on Iran.

Meets:

1. 22nd Asian Parliamentarian's Meet on Population and Development- New Delhi


2. Asian Mayors' Conference in Dehra Dun
3. G8 summit in St.Petersburg- Focus on "Global Energy Security"
4. 16th International AIDS conference-Toronto
5. 14th NAM summit, Cuba

Indian Polity:

1. India specific Special Economic Zone Act


2. Contempt of Courts (Amendment) bill passed
3. National Commission for Minority Educational Institutions (Amendment) Bill
4. Parliament (Prevention of Disqualification) Amendment Bill 2006 -Office of
Profit bill
5. Actuaries Bill, 2005 passed
6. Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Bill
7. Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Amendment Bill, 2006
8. Bill to rename Pondicherry to Puducherry
9. Bill to rename Uttaranchal to Uttarakhand
10. Bill to accord central university status to Central Institute of English and Foreign
Languages, Hyderabad
11. Quota Bill- 27 % reservations for OBC in Central higher educational institutions
12. Scheduled Tribes and other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest
Rights) Bill, 2006
13. Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2006

Defence:
1. Indian Navy's first UAV squadron commissioned at Kochi
2. IAF decommissions MIG-25
3. Agni III launch from Wheeler Island off the Orissa coast fails
4. Vice-Admiral Sureesh Mehta appointed next chief of Naval Staff
5. Vice-Admiral Rustom Faramroze Contractor appointed as Director General of
Coast Guard

Miscellaneous:

1. Indian Iron and Steel Company merge with SAIL


2. BARC Golden Jubilee celebration at Kalpakkam
3. N. Gopalaswami appointed new Chief Election Commissioner
4. GSLV-FO2 launch from Sriharikota fails
5. 39th Jnanpith Award- Vinda Karandikar
6. LIC completes 50 years
7. Pluto looses it planetary status at assembly in International Astronomical Union in
Prague.
8. Arvind Kejriwal is winner of 2006 Ramon Magsaysay award
9. Commonwealth suspends Fiji
10. Anousheh Ansari- first woman space tourist
11. SAFTA becomes operational
12. Margaret Chan- new WHO Director General

Sports:

1. French Open- Justine Henin Hardine (Women's), Rafel Nadal (Men's)


2. Wimbledon Singles, US Open, tennis Masters Cup- Roger Federer
3. World Cup Hockey- Germany
4. Unified world Chess Championship- Vlaimir Kramnik
5. Casio World Open, Nippon Series JT Cup (Golf)- Jeev Milkhs Singh
6. Asian Hopman Cup- Sania Mirza
7. Davis Cup- both singles and doubles titles go to Russia
8. FIFA footballer of the year- Fabio Cannavaro
9. FIFA women's player of the year- Marta, Brazil
10. Durand Cup- Dempo (Goa)
11. India International Badminton championship- Saina Nehwal
12. Champions Trophy, Hockey- Netherlands
13. Rajiv Gandhi Khal Ratna Award- Pankaj Advani
14. India finishes 8th in Doha Asian Games

Current Events 2006


International Events:
Is US ready for a black President?(16, Dec 2006)
In a country where race is still a powerful force, there is speculation that Barack Obama,
the senator for Illinois since 2005 might run for President in the next elections. The 45 year
old senator graduated from Harvard Law School in 1991 and became the first African -
American president of the Harvard Law Review. Enjoying mass adulation, he has been
profiled by magazines like Time, Newsweek and Harper's thanks to his best selling book
Audacity of Hope. The question of will he or won't he stand for president has become the
talking point for Democrats. Though Obama has not commented on the issue, he thinks that
people judge you based on your merits and not by your race. Whether U.S is prepared to
have a black president or not remains to be seen.
Somalia and Ethiopia brace for war(16, Dec 2006)
The inevitability of war hangs over Mogadishu, Somalia's capital city. Unlike the internal
anarchy that has affected the country for the past 15 years, the battle is now with Ethiopia
which is threatening to de stabilize the country.
In the past week, the increasingly militant Islamists in control of Mogadishu and much of
the rest of the country have begun a food drive and a money drive and have sent doctors
and nurses, along with countless young soldiers to the frontlines. Analysts are of the
opinion that a full scale conflict between the Islamists and Ethiopia, a country with a strong
Christian identity would be disastrous for Somalia, which is already suffering from severe
flooding and years of neglect. India, Russia Desire Iran Issue Solved Through Talks(18,
November 2006)
India and Russia agreed that the Iranian nuclear issue should be resolved through
negotiations, before the United Nations Security Council

 In a joint press interaction in Delhi, with the visiting Russian Foreign Minister
Sergei Lavrov, External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee said Iran had the right to pursue
its nuclear programme for peaceful, civilian use. As a signatory to the Nuclear Non-
proliferation Treaty, Tehran must fulfill its obligations and ensure that its nuclear programme
was for peaceful purposes.
 According to Mr. Lavrov, the Security Council's job must be to help and not
replace the International Atomic Energy Agency when it came to dealing with Iran.

APEC Summit: Bush Arrives In Vietnam (17, Nov 2006)


US President George W. Bush arrived in Vietnam for the Asia-Pacific Economic
Cooperation (APEC) summit. APEC's 21 member countries and territories were to meet in
Hanoi, Vietnam, where North Korea's nuclear dispute and world trade were expected to
dominate discussions.

 US-pushed regional free-trade proposal will be the top agenda item for Bush.
Bush is the fourth US president to visit Vietnam
 All are partners with the United States in talks aimed at persuading a defiant
North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons.
 Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is about to join the summit by the week end.

Bangladesh Elections Likely By Jan 25


Bangladesh Parliamentary elections may take place by January 25. The poll schedule is
likely to be announced by the end of November 2006.
 The elections must be conducted during the 90-day tenure of the caretaker
government under President Iajuddin Ahmed that took office on October 30.
 There are to be no prior consultations with political parties.

Pak test-fired Ghauri V missile(16, Nov 2006)


Pakistan test-fired its 1,300 km range nuclear-capable ballistic missile Hatf V which is also
known as Ghauri, is capable of targeting several Indian cities, a day after it reached an
agreement with India on nuclear risk reduction.

 The launch of the medium-range missile was carried out by troops of the Army
Strategic Forces Command, ASFC at the culmination phase of a training exercise held to test
the operation readiness of a Strategic Missile Group equipped with Ghauri missile.
 The test came a day after the two countries instigated the agreement in New Delhi
on reducing the risk from accidents relating to nuclear weapons.

Blair warns over Iran threat to West Asia(15, Nov 2006)


British Prime Minister Tony Blair expressed US panel that any solution in Iraq must be part
of a broader West Asia strategy, while warning that Iran poses a "strategic threat to the
region".

 Blair mentioned that the Israel-Palestine conflict was the top priority in the
region, because extremists were exploiting it to radicalise moderate Muslims.
 The British leader called for a change of strategy and pressed Iran to support
Western efforts to quell the relentless bloodshed.

National Events:
Jessica Lal Murder Case: Manu Sharma convicted(19, Dec 2006)
The Delhi High court convicted Manu Sharma, son of former Haryana minister and
congress leader Vinod Sharma for the murder of Jessica Lal. After he was pronounced
guilty, Manu Sharma was immediately sent to Tihar Jail. Jessica Lal was shot dead at South
Delhi's restaurant Tamarind Court in 1999. Like in the Priyadarshini Mattoo case, the
acquittal of all raised a huge public outcry. The sentence for Manu Sharma is due on 20dec.
Lalu Yadav and Rabri Devi acquitted(19, Dec 2006)
RJD chief and Railway minister Lalu Yadav and Rabri Devi were acquitted in the 7 year
old disproportionate asset (DA) case. Lalu Yadav was accused by BI of amassing property
worth over 46 lakh beyond his known source of income when he was the CM of Bihar
between1990-1997. His wife Rabri Devi was made a co-accused in the case. The DA case
was an offshoot of the fodder scam of 1998 and the duo had to surrender in court and
Yadav even had to go to jail. With their acquittal, it was celebration time at the official
residence of Rabri Devi in Patna.
Senate Clears Bush Administration's Indo - US Nuclear Deal (17, Nov 2006)
By a vote of 85-12, the US Senate voted to support a Bush administration's nuclear plan to
sell nuclear technology and fuel to India, which was the most important strategic diplomatic
initiative undertaken by President Bush.

 In exchange, India is supposed to open some of its plants to international


inspections to prove that the fuel won't be diverted for weapons.
 With this, the US aim to expand strategic ties with India, the fastest-growing
major economy after China.

Investment Protection Agreement With China (16, Nov 2006)


India approved signing an Investment Protection Agreement with Beijing, before Chinese
President Hu Jintao's visit to India i.e. on November 20, 2006 This will increase the
investment between China and India and would be in force for 10 years, according to the
Information & Broadcasting Minister Priyaranjan Dasmunsi.

 Trade between the two countries is expected to touch 20 billion dollars this fiscal,
against 18.7 billion dollars last year.
 India has similar bilateral protection agreements with Britain, Russia, Germany,
South Korea, Sri Lanka, Spain and Thailand.

Jessica Lal Murder Case: False Evidence, Said Ram Jethmalani (15, Nov 2006)
In the enduring Jessica Lal murder case, on behalf of the prime accused Manu Sharma,
lawyer Ram Jethmalani told the Delhi High Court Division Bench, comprising Justices R.S.
Sodhi and P.K. Bhasin that much of the two thirds of the evidence produced by the
prosecution are false and fabricated, which have created doubts.

 Ram Jethmalani contented to reject the testimonies of socialite Bina Ramani, her
husband George Mailhot and their daughter fashion designer Malini Ramani as their
statements contradicted one another.
 The Bench rejected Mr. Jethmalani's plea for a direction to the Delhi police to
hand over to him copies of three reports made by the Special Investigation Team about lapses
in investigation so that he could defend his client better.

Joint Panel With Pakistan Discussed Anti-Terror Mechanism


Indian Foreign Secretary Shivshankar Menon and Pakistani Foreign Secretary Riaz
Muhammad Khan, in a joint panel held positive discussions in New Delhi on setting up an
anti-terrorism mechanism.

 The discussion included "complete achievement" of Jammu & Kashmir related


confidence-building measures agreed to in the past.
 The discussion incorporated that the two countries will sign agreement on
measures to reduce the risk of nuclear war, in the impending future.

Centre To Lay Norms For Regulating Ads Soon


The Supreme Court bench headed by Chief Justice Y. K. Sabharwal has asked the
government to lay the guidelines for regulating the advertisements containing political
content issued by various government departments.

 The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting has convened meetings of states


and various departments in December to come out with guidelines on the issue.

Indian Navy To Induct US-Made Helicopters


Indian Navy, for the first time would induct US-made helicopter with the government
giving the go-ahead for purchase of six Sikorsky-Seaking Helicopters.

 The six helicopters are part of the package deal for the purchase of the Landing
ship tank USS Trenton, from which the choppers operate. While, the Cabinet Committee on
Security (CCS) had cleared the purchase of Trenton at a cost of Rs.200 crores, the sale of
helicopters was being negotiated.

Muslims Lagging Behind Other Groups, Says Sachar Committee


The seven-member committee headed by Rajinder Sachar, a former chief justice of the
Delhi High Court, that was set up to go into the social, economic and educational status of
Muslims, submitted its report to the Prime Minister, which said the community was
"lagging behind" other religious groups in development indicators and asked the
government to frame appropriate programmes to address its educational and economic
backwardness.

 In its report, it said the community was "relatively poor, more illiterate, has lower
access to education, lower representation in public and private sector jobs and lower
availability of bank credit for self-employment".