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KAPWA-2— Filipino Psychology and Indigenous Knowledge:

The Relevance of Local Frameworks in the Age of Globalization

A multi-level international conference of scholars, Living Traditions and artists

KAPWA-2, an international conference on the relevance

of indigenous knowledge in the age of globalization, is June 26-27, 2008
calendared by the University of the Philippines in the Auditorium, UPV Iloilo Campus
Visayas (UPV) as a UP Centennial Celebration at the
Iloilo Campus. Starting June 26 up to 28, 2008, this is KAPWA-2 CONFERENCE
the second convergence of academe, art and Living The Relevance of
Traditions to explore the relevance of Asian values and
Indigenous Knowledge in
indigenous worldviews for 21st century living.
Discussions focus on the need for a more balanced the Age of Globalization
education in our global age, where non-Western value- Kapwa 2 is an international conference
systems & ways of knowing are duly recognized and where academic scholars, Living Tradition
evaluated alongside the Western approaches in the representatives and artists shall discuss the need
academe. The question of sustainability increasingly for a more balanced approach to education, which
emerges as the touchstone of research in our time, and recognizes the contributions of indigenous value
systems and ancestral ways of knowing and
it is precisely this agenda that anchors this upcoming evaluates these alongside the Western approaches.
meeting of academic scholars, artists and Schools of
Living Traditions. Participants shall look into the Filipino
Indigenous Knowledge Systems & Practices
(IKSP) and the researches conducted on IKSP by
The conference is a multi-level event, taking place at
scholars from various regions and countries. These
three major locations— the University of the Philippines presentations shall be compared with existing
in the Visayas (UPV), Iloilo Campus, the Museo Iloilo, culture-strengthening theories from the fields of
the University of San Augustine and the Lambuyao humanities, art studies, history, sociology,
Pugad in Oton. Unlike conferences exclusively designed anthropology and especially the unifying paradigm
for the academe, KAPWA-2 provides a forum for of Filipino Indigenous Kapwa Psychology and
Asian Personhood.
intangible heritage by programming the traditional
representations of knowledge: Epic chanting, oral Presenters include: The Assistant Secretary
histories, myths, music, dance, ceremonies, ritual General of UNESCO Korea Seunghwan Lee, the
performances and films augment the theoretical papers. Australian researcher Dr. Rogelia Pe-Pua, the
Kyoto professor Reiko Ogawa, the American
Parallel art exhibits and IKSP workshops balance the scholars Dr. Lily Mendoza and Dr. Jim
theoretical discussions. A symposium for Schools of Perkinson, the Director of the Tokyo Mineiken
Living Traditions initiates contacting and sharing of Research Institute of Films on Folk Culture
experiences among the lumads. Another symposium on Himeda Tadayoshi, the Panay Bukidnon epic
indigenous architectural styles shows how these can be chanter and GAMABA awardee Federico
Caballero, the anthropologist Dr. Alice Magos,
adapted to create highly original modern houses.
the child rights advocate and psychologist Dr.
Elizabeth Marcelino, the Filipino commissioner,
One important feature of the Indigenous Knowledge composer and theorist Felipe de Leon Jr., the
Systems and Practices (IKSP) is the tendency to see the Waray language specialist Dr. Victor Sugbo, the
world with all its beings as a holistic system where Iloilo columnist and Hablon specialist Henry
everything operates interdependently. Harmony with Funtecha, the Jalandoni chronicler Alice Tan
Gonzales, the film-makers Kidlat Tahimik,
other people and the environment is a much-needed trait Auraeus Solito and Takamine Go, the Ifugao
today in our shrinking global village. This orientation is ritualist Jason Domling and many others.
called “kapwa”—the "shared self"— in the Filipino
traditional value system, as expounded by Sikolohiyang Pilipino (Filipino Indigenous Psychology).

UP Centennial Celebration, June 26 – 28, 2008, UPV Iloilo Campus
KAPWA-2 traces— through lectures, workshops, exhibits and films— a continuity
in the Filipino ancestral ways of knowing that is unbroken by Western education
One of the most important features of the Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Practices (IKSP) is the tendency to
view the world in a systemic way where everything operates interdependently. Harmony with other people and the
environment is a much-needed trait today in our shrinking global village. This orientation is called “kapwa”—the
"shared self"— in the Filipino traditional value system, as expounded by Sikolohiyang Pilipino.


Since the 1970ies, proponents of Sikolohiyang KEEPERS OF MEMORY IN
Pilipino (SP) develop an Asian psychology— not THE FASTFOOD AGE
only as a science but also as an art, declaring valid A SYMPOSIUM with Philippine Schools of
both, the scientific and the humanistic approaches. Living Traditions facilitates exchange of
SP research affirms the native history, values and dreams, wish lists and experiences among the
characteristics of a region and derives indigenous people, the culture-bearing scholars
psychological principles with the native culture as and artists, and anyone interested in helping
the source for its concepts and methods. The them to establish Heritage Centers. The Ilongo
discipline is then shaped to suit the needs of the composer and ethno-musicologist Dr. Christine
Muyco and the UPV humanities professor
people. Liberated from Western methodology, SP is
Jorge Ebay moderate this forum. Keynote
the first academic model in psychology that speakers are Datu Victor Saway, the
accommodates the harmony-seeking worldview of founder of the Tala-andig SLT in
indigenous people. Mindanao and James Rickard, the director
of the (Maori) Te Puia Wananga Whakairo SLT
The leading proponent of this pioneering approach in New Zealand. Other highlights are a Karay-a
was the late UP scholar Virgilio Enriquez. He poetry dance with a talk by Edwin Duero, who
formulated a model in psychology that included in popularized the epic “Hinilawood”, a video by
its scope the Filipino knowledge systems with their Ifugao youths and films by directors Kesang
Asian cultural values— by incorporating ethnic Tseten from Tibet and Takamine Go from
forms of psychology based on oral traditions; Okinawa.
ancestral psycho-medical systems founded in June 26 – 28, 2008
religion; and art; as well as academic findings from
the fields of anthropology, history, humanities,
The kapwa orientation has continued in
linguistics, and sociology. ancestral communities all over the Philippines.
It finds expression in sharing dances, songs,
This radical orientation triggered a tidal wave of stories and working together on crafts. Lumads
fruitful debates, as well as novel approaches to (indigenous knowledge-holders) from Filipino
psychological research and theory building. In the Living Traditions share their traditional arts.
1990ies, Enriquez introduced a scientific model of Among the featured skill-shops are: Panay
the Filipino personality called Pagkataong Filipino. Bukidnon cloth design, Hanuno Mangyan
In essence, his theory maintains that— despite bamboo script, Cordillera music and dance, the
centuries of external domination— Filipino culture Tala-andig and T’boli traditions, and others.
bearers have maintained the unique systemic
outlook of their ancestors: their “inclusive” sense of personhood (kapwa), which is profoundly different
from the “excluding” conception of the “self”-centered personality in individualistic societies. The
academic discussion sparked by this theory is still rumbling today in many campuses around the

world. KAPWA-2 provides a forum for this debate.

June 26 – July 5, 2008 at the UPV GALLERY and UPV Little Theater Ground
Among today’s contemporary artists there are some who articulate the kapwa worldview by continuing the
working style of their ancestors, even in this fast-paced world. Inspired by the Living Traditions, their approach
to art making— in content or process— distinguishes these artists as culture-bearers. Their works are showcased
in a MULTIMEDIA ART EXHIBIT of studio art and small sculptures made from stone, clay and found objects
at the UPV Museum, as well as some ephemeral art installations around the UPV Little Theater. The themes
revolve about remembering and recycling, humor and healing, connecting and community. The curators of the
show are UPV CCA Chairman Vicente Tan and Pugad artists Gregorio Masculino Jr. and Danilo Dalisay.

LUMADS June 30 – July 5, 2008

KAPWA-2 is a follow-up to a successful conference that was FINDING VOICE

held in 2004 at UP- ADiliman,
FILM with
extension programs in the Metropolitan Museum of Manila and the CCP. FESTLike the first KAPWA
conference, the Iloilo event convenes scholars, professors, A showcase
students, of documentaries
Schools and
of Living-Traditions
(SLT) representatives, cultural workers and artists who are independent Filipino
interested in films /by,
preserving with with
Filipino IKSP and honing the wisdom of ancestral values.and Theabout
paperLiving Traditions
readers and of the
are members
culture-bearing artists
academe, who have started to identify indigenous concepts and methods, have assisted adds tothe
understanding of the kapwa identity
Tradition members with their research, or are actively involved with preserving IKSP in their life-works.
of the people from ancestral
legacies. Discussions and mini-
lectures shall be conducted by
Takamine Go, Rey Defante
Gibraltar, Kidlat de Guia, Tommy
Hafalla and Angel Shaw. The film
selection features works from
Roxlee, Howie Severino, Frutto
Corre and many others.

June 25 – July 24, 2008

NINUNO— A Positive
of Filipino Living
showcases works by culture-bearing
artists from the Cordilleras, Mindoro
and Panay that attest to the vibrancy of
their regions’ living traditions. Ruel
Bimuyag observed that many scholars predict

As the effort— to bridge indigenous knowledge with
the academe— has active proponents in other Asia-
Pacific countries, as well as Fil-Am communities and
indigenous scholars around the world, International
discussants from Asia, New Zealand and US America
present researches. These have long pointed out the
value of IKSP to formal education or the significance
of the SP paradigm— the “including self” of kapwa—
for the Asian social sciences and for conviviality in the
age of globalization.
Major Cooperators for this Series of Events are the UPV
Centennial Committee, the Museo Iloilo, the National
Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA), the PHINMA
Foundation, the Municipality of Oton, the Akademiya ng
Sikolohiyang Pilipino, the Pambansang Samahan ng
Sikolohiyang Pilipino (PSSP), the Cultural Center of the
Philippines (CCP), the NCIP and the Local Government of Iloilo

April 18, 2008

Reference: Dr. Katrin de Guia & Kidlat Tahimik,
Conference Chairpersons
Heritage & Arts Academies of the Philippines Inc.
(HAPI) Mailing Address: La Azotea Building, 108,
Session Rd, Baguio City, Cell phone # 0906 4536
108, E-mail: