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SEMESTER 2020/21.1 (2020.2)

Nama Mahasiswa : DEDI PURWANTO

Nomor Induk Mahasiswa/NIM : 030443074
Tanggal Lahir : 30 OKTOBER 1981
Kode/Nama Mata Kuliah : ADBI4201 / BAHASA INGGRIS NIAGA
Kode/Nama Program Studi : 54 / MANAJEMEN
Kode/Nama UPBJJ : 81 / MAJENE
Hari/Tanggal UAS THE : MINGGU / 20 DESEMBER 2020

Tanda Tangan Peserta Ujian


1. Anda wajib mengisi secara lengkap dan benar identitas pada cover BJU pada halaman ini.
2. Anda wajib mengisi dan menandatangani surat pernyataan kejujuran akademik.
3. Jawaban bisa dikerjakan dengan diketik atau tulis tangan.
4. Jawaban diunggah disertai dengan cover BJU dan surat pernyataan kejujuran akademik.


Surat Pernyataan
Kejujuran Akademik

Yang bertanda tangan di

bawah ini:

Nama Mahasiswa : DEDI PURWANTO

NIM : 030443074

Kode/Nama Mata Kuliah : ADBI4201 / BAHASA INGGRIS NIAGA

Fakultas : EKONOMI

Program Studi : MANAJEMEN


1. Saya tidak menerima naskah UAS THE dari siapapun selain mengunduh dari aplikasi THE pada
2. Saya tidak memberikan naskah UAS THE kepada siapapun.
3. Saya tidak menerima dan atau memberikan bantuan dalam bentuk apapun dalam pengerjaan soal
ujian UAS THE.
4. Saya tidak melakukan plagiasi atas pekerjaan orang lain (menyalin dan mengakuinya sebagai
pekerjaan saya).
5. Saya memahami bahwa segala tindakan kecurangan akan mendapatkan hukuman sesuai dengan
aturan akademik yang berlaku di Universitas Terbuka.
6. Saya bersedia menjunjung tinggi ketertiban, kedisiplinan, dan integritas akademik dengan
tidak melakukan kecurangan, joki, menyebarluaskan soal dan jawaban UAS THE melalui media
apapun, serta tindakan tidak terpuji lainnya yang bertentangan dengan peraturan akademik
Universitas Terbuka.

Demikian surat pernyataan ini saya buat dengan sesungguhnya. Apabila di kemudian hari terdapat
pelanggaran atas pernyataan di atas, saya bersedia bertanggung jawab dan menanggung sanksi akademik
yang ditetapkan oleh Universitas Terbuka.

Mamasa , 20 Desember 2020

Yang Membuat Pernyataan

1. The first thing to know about the business cycle is the up and down
movement of the GDP level (gross domestic product) and refers to the period of
expansion and contraction of the level of economic activity (business fluctuation)
around the long-term growth trend. Economic fluctuations in each country occur
between periods of expansion and contraction. Changes in economic conditions
are caused by the level of employment, productivity and demand for the supply
of goods and services in a country. In the short term, these changes have less
positive impact on economic growth, as the country's economy enters a period of
expansion and recession. But in the long run, a fluctuating economy can support
economic growth, because the authority of a country can have the opportunity to
increase its potential output from time to time, the role of government in this
case is very important for assistance and conditions by issuing policy is one of the
main capital. to build a prolonged recession is idle in the economy in its business
cycle. If there is a threat of recession, the government or monetary authorities
can take the necessary actions before the recession actually occurs. The negative
impact of the recession can be minimized, If the economy is in a period of
expansion, the government must avoid policies that can support this expansion.
Of course, an in-depth analysis of the factors supporting the ongoing economic
expansion is required. In order to enter the long term environmental restoration
phase at its potential level. This recovery stage, the economy moves from
depression and recession to prosperity where economic growth begins to creep
up and stabilize. This economic movement will continue until it reaches the peak
of the cycle again (prosperity stage).

2. The first mover advantage is any profit a company accrues from being the
first to offer a product or service to the market. First movers also have the
opportunity to extract the greatest long-term benefits from product introduction
and the first company to create and sell a new product or service is also called a
as for the advantages of the first mover:
1. The company is able to build a reputation as a leader in the industry
2. Can expand the market
3. One step ahead in terms of technology
4. have high loyalty customers.
5. Get a positive image as an innovative company
6. Get the opportunity to set price standards
7. Early leadership reputation development Allows the company to gain market
share with limited competition
8. Companies have the opportunity to build brand recognition and loyalty from
9. More mature exclusive experience curve effect
10. Strengthening close collaborative relationships with stakeholders

3. Human capital plays a very strategic role in supporting the competitiveness

of a country or region. Foreign investment into Asia led to the assimilation of new
technologies and at the same time increased productivity. One of the capital for
the progress of the country is the society that is owned by the government and is
used for public interest in the production process to assimilate new technology
depending on the quantity and technical capabilities of the human resources. One
example is that local engineers are sent abroad to identify new technologies
needed to compete in the world market. Technology adoption then leads to a
learning by doing process for skilled workers, resulting in a spillover effect within
and between industries.

4. Laissez-faire is a political ideology concept that rejects the practice of

government intervention in the economy in French which means "Let it happen".
The reason for this rejection is because the state is seen as an obstacle to
economic growth and development. Several Laissez-faire policies are:
1. No tax
Since taxes do not exist, firms and households have greater purchasing power.
They don't need to set aside money to pay taxes. For households, that means they
can buy more goods and services. For businesses, that means more profit to
distribute to owners or as internal capital for expansion needs.

2. Accelerating innovation
Minimal government intervention encourages competition. To win the
competition, companies must provide superior products in the market. If not,
their position could be threatened by competitors. This intervention sometimes
benefits one party and disadvantages another.

3. Expansion of autonomy
The laissez-faire economy gives businesses more space and autonomy. There are
no restrictions on government regulations and policies, which makes their
activities more difficult. Such an environment provides the company with a
greater incentive to maximize profits.

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