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ScotMUN 2011

Non-Aligned
Movement – Position
Papers

ScotMUN – 25-27th February 2011

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Committee: Non-Aligned Movement (ScotMUN)


Topic: Taiwan - a role in 21st century?
Country: Republic of Uganda
University: St Andrews
Delegate Name: Ioana Lazareanu

The Republic of Uganda considers the persistent tensions manifested between China and
Taiwan to be highly problematic and to constitute a striking potential risk of international
disorder and conflict. A particularly pressing concern is the missile test recently employed by
Taiwan‟s military in order to confirm their ability to stand against a possible future Chinese
attack. Taiwan‟s justification of its actions should be perceived as strongly questionable,
since no accountable evidence of a prospective Chinese threat has been registered. Taking
into consideration similar contextual approaches during the Cold War as historical reference,
Uganda is deeply concerned about the latent effects this arms race might have on the two
state actors in question and on by-standers. Therefore, Uganda urges Taiwan to reconsider
its claims for independence in an expedient manner and to recognize the government of the
People‟s Republic of China as the only central legitimate authority.
As proscribed under “The Joint Communique between the People's Republic of China and
the Republic of Uganda”, Article IV, Uganda firmly supports China in its effort to reaffirm its
sovereignty and territorial integrity and, therefore, “opposes any attempt to create “two
Chinas” or “one China, one Taiwan”, “Taiwan independence» in any form”. China has proved
to be a reliable political entity and succeeded in respecting its agreements of economic
cooperation with the Republic of Uganda, therefore Uganda offers its full support in the
aforementioned domestic matter. Moreover, Uganda recommends US to revise its policy of
"strategic ambiguity" towards this immediate issue and, consequently, cancel its future arm
sales to Taiwan. The failure to do so would lead to increasing tensions between US and
China. It is imperative to stress the importance of preserving an effective diplomatic relation
and military cooperation between US and China in the actual context of dire conflict between
South and North Korea. As members of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) and founders of
the Uganda Korea Cultural Friendship Association, Uganda stands by the Democratic
People‟s Republic of Korea and thus welcomes the meeting UN Security Council organized
in order to find solutions for appeasement.
Uganda would like to address these key points when discussing a resolution for this topic:
the UN‟s support for China‟s unification aspirations, UN military intervention in the case of a
potential civil war and financial and procedural assistance in the process of Taiwan‟s re-
integration in the People's Republic of China. In the name of the 9th principle of Bandung
stated in the XV Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement (“Promotion of mutual interests and
of cooperation”), Uganda calls upon all NAM members to uphold these aspects. If action is
not taken, a “domino effect” similar to what has happened in the past will occur and cause
disorder and a second severe financial crisis.

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Committee: Non-Aligned Movement (ScotMUN 2011)


Topic: Taiwan – a future in the 21st century
Country: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
University: Bath
Delegate Name: Irene Benito
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia feels the moral obligation to contribute in the negotiations
concerning the political and sovereign status of the Republic of China. The people of Saudi
Arabia find their colonial past and their birth as an independent kingdom in 1932 as useful
experience when aiding with the resolution of this present conflict.
In concurrence with the Non-Aligned Movement principles of non-aggression and
peaceful co-existence, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia would like to express its strong support
for the implementation of dialogue for the peaceful achievement of a Resolution to solve the
political crisis present in Taiwan. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia would also like to proudly
emphasize the prominent role played by the Non-Aligned Movement in support of national
liberation movements and de-colonization as well as the exercise of the people‟s rights to
self-determination, sovereignty, and control of their destiny. For this reason, we find the
intervention of the Non-Aligned Monument as a consultative body fitting and we would be
honored to be able to participate and intervene in the pathway of negotiations between
China and Taiwan.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in conformity with Chapter VI of the UN Charter, calls
on both parties to seek a solution through peaceful means and urges the People‟s Republic
of China to abandon the “one-China policy”. We would like to insist on the rejection of the
1992 consensus which we do not consider a success due to its ambiguity and most likely
unstable future under Taiwan‟s new DPP government.
What‟s more, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia would like to recommend fellow member
states to avoid dealing with the controversy through a policy of deliberate ambiguity by
which, in the international community, Taiwan is unofficially treated as a state but its
independence has not been officially recognized. We feel this policy is dangerous as
different interpretations of it could lead to conflict.
Finally, based on its strong belief in people‟s basic right to self-determination, the
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia would like to articulate its recognition of movements for national
independence and therefore calls upon the international acknowledgment of Taiwan as an
independent sovereign state in the 21st century.

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Committee: Non-aligned movement


Topic: Taiwan, a future in the 21st century
Country: Kingdom of Thailand
University: Durham University
Name of delegate: Chulachat Kanjana-oransiri

The Kingdom of Thailand is concerned with increased pressure over the issue of the
Republic of China (ROC). The pro-independent government of ROC under President Tsai
Ing-wen may provoke offensive response from China which would significantly worsen the
fragile balance within the region. Thailand strongly urges ROC and the People‟s Republic of
China (PRC) to exercise restraint. Thailand does not regard the use of force as the answer to
this problem and would pressure through diplomatic means to end the use of force by any of
the parties involved.
We are deeply concerned about the arms trades which have been going on between the
United States and ROC. In particular, the report has suggested that the arms sale in 2010
was one of the most expensive sales in history of ROC and the US. This could escalate the
tensions between the People‟s Republic of China, Republic of China and the United States
which would greatly impede trades and stability within the East Asian Region at the time of
fragile global economic condition. Hence, Thailand would like to encourage the United States
to reconsider arms trades with ROC and possibly emphasise more on non-arms economic
cooperation instead.
Thailand and ROC have always been in good relation in terms of trades and cultural
exchanges. We recognise ROC as a very important trading partner. As members of the
APEC, (Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation) Thailand and ROC have had opportunities to
strengthen the ties between our two economies. However, Thailand has always observed the
UN Resolution 2758 (1971) which recognises the People‟s Republic of China as the only
legitimate representatives of China and will continue to do so.
Thailand, as a member of ASEAN, and APEC would like to encourage all states concerned
to encourage maximum restraint and peaceful dialogues among all parties which would be
the only way to resolve this matter for the long-term peace and stability of this region.

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Country: Indonesia
Committee: Non-Aligned Committee
Topic: Taiwan- a role in the 21st century?
Delegate: John English- Keele University

Indonesia‟s key concern on this committee is the stability in the region and Taiwan should be
allowed to develop its growing economy and play a part on the international stage. We want
to maintain an open and active role within the region and continue our good relations with
regional partners. There should be a comprehensive agreement between China and Taiwan
which is satisfactory for both sides. The election of the DPP has to be respected by this body
and the international community and Indonesia proposes that a dialogue should be opened
between all parties concerned so a resolution can be sought. Possible solutions could
include improved economic relations between Taiwan and mainland China and good
diplomatic links. Indonesia has a direct interest in encouraging the continued economic
success of Taiwan since there is a lot of trade which goes on between the two countries. We
can see the potential for rapid growth in industries such as the consumer electronics
industry.

It is important that the NAM should have a united position on any issues or resolutions this
committee discusses since disunity between the region will hamper our prospects of being a
major player on the international stage. Furthermore Indonesia hopes that the committee
can use the session to create a strong consensus which allows the region to continue to
prosper and lead the world out of the current economic crisis.

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Committee: Non-Aligned Movement

School: University of Durham

Country: Republic of Singapore

Delegate: Lucas Xu

Topic: Taiwan-a future in the 21st century

After the 2012 presidential election in Taiwan, the DPP, pro-independence party came to
power. Meanwhile, the independence of the Republic of Kosovo has been recognized by
143 states. It is the first state to be recognized by the international community through a
combination of unilateral secession an international action. It made China fear that a
precedent has been set which could threaten their territorial integrity of Taiwan. This is a
doubt about the Taiwan‟s future. In this issue, Singapore has remained at the forefront to
keep the peace and mutual understand between Cross-Strait relations.

Singapore is committed to international non-proliferation efforts and supports measures that


seek to bring about a more peaceful world environment through disarmament and the non-
proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). We endeavor to play an active and
constructive role through various regional and international fora, such as ASEAN, the UN, its
specialised agencies, and related organisations such as the IAEA.

In addition, as a major container port, we take our responsibilities towards enhancing the
security of Strait of Malacca. Singapore was the first port in Asia to sign the Container
Security Initiative (CSI) Declaration of Principles in September 2002. Singapore also
participates in the Megaports Initiative under the US National Nuclear Security
Administration's Second Line of Defense Program.

State media reported the completion of a rocket motor manufacturing plant late last year,
and the establishment of a strategic forces base in Guangdong province. In September there
were reports of a large-scale missile test in western China. In addition, China is rapidly
expanding its satellite network, which could be used for targeting and tracking US carriers.
Military analysts estimate that the PLA has begun initial production and deployment of its
coveted carrier killer. In that sense, China has already achieved a certain deterrence effect,
making the new missile a new threaten in its regional sphere of influence.

It gave the rest of the world a strong signal that China is willing to suffer all cost to ensure its
territorial integrity. The expectations of future at Strait turned down totally. In comparison,
after the pro-mainland Kuomingtang came to power, Taiwan's stock market rose by about 40

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per cent during 2008-2009, making it one of Asia's and the world's best performers. There is
little doubt that lessening political tension and deregulation is good for investments.

In this case, Singapore strongly supports the NAM to explore a pathway of negotiations
between China and Taiwan to work out a mutually acceptable solution. Not only based on
the honorable NAM history of supporting self-determination, but also the benefits and
interests Singapore can reach. Singapore is willing to offer a chance to Beijing to treat
Taiwan on an equal footing and give due respect, like the first Wang-Koo meeting in
Singapore in 1993

Singapore respect Chinese national sovereignty and territorial integrity, and acknowledged
the desire of all Chinese for a unified and undivided China. The all-important task for
international community to do now is to redress the ready-made images of Chinese
government and reinforce the mutual understand through intercultural communications in
any acceptable forms. To change the biased attitudes and establish a peaceful and stable
relationship between the China and Taiwan is our preoccupation. However, a small country
like Singapore will not give up its right to make commercial intercourse between us and
Taiwan. A stable and peaceful Strait is our aim. Singapore respects both sides‟ standpoint,
but appeals to clearly divided political affairs and commercial pursuits. And the government
is willing to provide a forum to form a non-aggression resolution for both sides.

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Committee: Non-Aligned Movement


Topic: Taiwan – a future in the 21st century
Country: Palestine
University: Keele University
Name of Delegate: Esra Shahab
The State of Palestine is a committed and eager member of the Non-Aligned Movement. We
see the work of the committee as being important and decisive in creating a community of
sovereign autonomous states.
The State of Palestine would like to appreciate the declaration issued on our state in the
Non-Aligned Movement during the July 2009 summit in Sharm El Sheikh in Egypt.
Furthermore we would like to congratulate the Non-Aligned Movement for its continuous
efforts in aiding those states struggling to be recognised by the international society.
Nevertheless the international society has shown an unprecedented competence to realise
the already existing quasi-sovereignty within certain nations and amended past errors. The
Republic of Kosovo, now recognised by 143 UN members, is an excellent example of such
an occurrence. We firmly believe that one day in the near future, we will be able to count
ourselves as one of those universally recognised nations.
When discussing the topic at hand, Palestine is at a loss as we do not recognise the
sovereignty of the proposed Republic of China and in fact sees the People‟s Republic of
China to be a legitimate nation, as outlined by United Nations General Assembly Resolution
2758. The government of China has been an ardent supporter of Palestine and her rights.

As a nation that has been oppressed by overbearing, intrusive, neighbouring regimes and
vies for unanimous recognition in the global political world, Palestine sees the importance of
garnering independence for occupied territories. However, we understand that not every
country is as domineering as the state of Israel. Palestine would be eager to discuss the
autonomous nature of Taiwan with this council, as discourse on the matter would be the
most efficient way to determine a viable solution for all parties involved. Additionally, the
State of Palestine would find it of much value to discuss other nations who find themselves
in similar situations, thereby setting a platform for discussion on them in future Non-Aligned
Movement summits.

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Committee: Non-Aligned Movement

Topic: Taiwan- A future in the 21st Century

Country: Nigeria

University: University of Edinburgh

Name of Delegate: Payal Shah

Nigeria is fully committed to the Non-Aligned Movement. Being one of Africa‟s most involved
members of the NAM, Nigeria has played a leading role in its affairs since inception and
would like to assure fellow members that it shall continue to do so. We remain strongly
committed to maintaining peace through diplomatic means and dialogue, and we are
opposed to the use of military force in any context unless as a last resort.

The issue of Taiwan is one that continues to distress Nigeria. Having had a similar situation
with the secessionist movement of Biafra, we feel that the only sure way to avoid conflict is
to encourage the DPP to tone down its pro-independence rhetoric, shown in our support for
the UN GA resolution 2758. However, in light of our commitment to the NAM and its goals of
co-operation, Nigeria emphasises the need for China and Taiwan to participate in
negotiations with the NAM providing the forum for discussion. We feel that with adequate
pressure from the international community, and also due to the lucrative economic
partnership between China, Taiwan and many of the NAM members, particularly those in
Africa, diplomatic negotiations between the two countries may well provide a peaceful and
yet concrete solution to the issue. As a result, Nigeria calls on fellow members of the NAM to
throw their weight behind diplomatic negotiations.

Nigeria would like to see any potential resolution that addresses this issue to encompass two
key points. We seek assurance that our economic relationship, or for that matter, the
economic relationships of any country with either China or Taiwan will not be jeopardised in
any way, again reinforcing our plea that no radical action is taken. Moreover, we would like
to see greater transparency in terms of arms sales, particularly in light of the ongoing arms
deal between the USA and Taiwan.

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Committee: Non- Aligned Movement (ScotMUN 2011)

Topic: Taiwan- a future in the 21st century

Country: KENYA

University: Edinburgh

Name of delegate: Aurélie VAUTRIN

The Republic of Kenya feels deeply concerned with the situation of Taiwan, especially
concerning its status and the role it might play on the international scene in the future. China
and Kenya have tied a strong friendship through years and are currently developing close
exchanges in several fields such as politics, economy and culture. Kenya is ready to
enhance this cooperation and is willing to work with China in safeguarding peace and
stability and eliminating poverty. Kenya shares similar views with Taiwan in terms of health,
agriculture, development, environment and culture and is willing to develop common
programs in those fields. Kenya is for instance a member of the World Health Organization
which will sit for its next assembly from May the 18th to the May the 27th, in Geneva. At this
occasion, Taiwan will participate to the conference as an observer. This presence of Taiwan
is undoubtedly a proof of the warming of the relations between the mainland and the island.
Kenya is also a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, African, Caribbean and Pacific
Group of States, United Nations and World Trade Organization. Kenya hosts the
headquarters of the United Nations Environment Program in Nairobi. During his mandate as
General Secretary of the United Nations, the delegate of Kenya Kofi Annan has been the
spokesman of the Republic of Kenya and has focused on the international peace and the
defense of Human Rights. When he left is function in 2006, Kofi Annan declared, quoting the
former president of the United States Harry Truman: “large states responsibility is to serve
and not to dominate the peoples of the world”. We would like to continue and cement this
politics by reaffirming that as a non-aligned country, Kenya is opposed to any form of
imperialism. As an active member of the United Nations, Kenya has troops in three
peacekeeping operations.
As stipulated in the Havana Declaration, the aim of NAM was “to ensure the national
independence and sovereignty of non-aligned countries”. Therefore, we are rather reluctant
to a too strong influence of Western countries, especially the United States in this part of the
world. In spite of the cordial relationship that Kenya maintains with the United States, we
cannot deny that the US policy in Taiwan, in particular concerning the selling of weapons, is
clearly hampering the action of the UN (it blocs the diplomatic relations). That is why we
would like to warn our American ally that too many interventions would be considered by the
international community as an intrusion.

As far as self-determination is concerned, NAM strongly supports this right of the countries.
The status of Taiwan considered as a province of China is in that sense a major issue in the
21st century and Kenya is really honored to be part of the NAM committee in order to look for
solutions to this issue. If Taiwanese people finally opt for independence, there is no reason
for Kenya to oppose to this possibility. Nevertheless, Kenya thinks that it is a matter that
Taiwan should deal with China. Indeed Kenya‟s main concern being to keep and guaranty
peace and stability all over the world, we advocate for coming to an agreement that will

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satisfy both parties. That is why Kenya will encourage exploring a pathway of negotiations
between China and its province Taiwan, and is willing to contribute to provide it. Kenya
would like to see any resolution dealing with the following aspects: helping China and
Taiwan to find a political consensus and developing their cooperation with the African Union
and the rest of the world.

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Delegate of the People’s Republic of China University of


Aberdeen
Fatoumatta Ndure

Committee: Non-Aligned Movement


Topic: Taiwan – A role in the 21st century?

The People‟s Republic of China (PRC) recognises a One China policy, and deems the
sovereignty of that China as indivisible. The United Nations has declared the People‟s
Republic of China as the only legitimate representatives of China to the United Nations (UN
Resolution 2758) hence the topic of discussion “Taiwan‟s role in the 21st Century” directly
affects the PRC.

Through history, the sovereignty of Taiwan has been contested several times, leading to the
necessity of certain additional legal instruments such as the “Joint communiqué of the
Government of Japan and the Government of the People‟s Republic of China” (Article 3),
which states that Japan respects the position of the PRC that Taiwan is an inalienable part
of China‟s territory. Additionally, instruments attesting to the People‟s Republic of China‟s
sovereignty over Taiwan include the Potsdam Declaration (Article 8) and the Cairo
Declarations respectively.

Noting with indignation the United States of America‟s blatant disregard for the PRC‟s
numerous expressions of disapproval and firm representations concerning the sale of arms
to Taiwan, the PRC considers their actions to be an infringement of the principles of the 3
Sino-US Joint Communiqués, and a gross violation of the PRC‟s domestic affairs. The
actions of the USA have led to a threat within the internal security of the PRC. Thus the
People‟s Republic of China is calling for a resolution similar to the UN GA Resolution 505 in
response to the USA‟s threatening actions. If the aforementioned arms sales to Taiwan do
not cease, the PRC will be forced to reconsider its level of cooperation in similar issues of
non-proliferation such as its position as a mediator in the ongoing negotiations with the
Democratic People‟s Republic of Korea.

The PRC supports the course of disarmament and non-proliferation and has accordingly
signed all international treaties in the respective fields, equally joining all the relevant
organisations. Additionally, the PRC has participated in the work of the UN panel of
Governmental experts on missiles. The PRC reaffirms that Taiwan is within its sovereignty
(UN Resolution 2758) and that the issue of Taiwan is a domestic matter [UN Article 2]; thus
will be forced to act on any breach of China‟s Anti Secession Law (UN Article 51). The PRC
considers the actions of Taiwan‟s representatives and their allies as a breach of both
Resolutions 2758 and the UN Article 39.

The PRC has long lasting cooperative relations with the Non-aligned Movement (NAM) and
wishes to prolong the existence of such ties. The PRC is committed to a continuous
cooperative collaboration with the Non-Aligned movement for the realisation of both our
objectives. In this vein, the PRC urges any potential resolutions to maintain the status quo
on the People‟s Republic of China‟s position regarding Taiwan as part of its territory, and
accordingly address the United States of America‟s breach of the PRC‟s territory [Article 2]
as in line with NAM‟s requirements of candidate countries: “Respect for the sovereignty and
territorial integrity of all nations”, “Abstention from interventions in the internal affairs of
another country” and “ Respect for the right of each nation to defend itself singly or
collectively in conformity with the charter of the UN”.

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Committee: Non-Aligned Movement (ScotMUN 2011)


Topic: Taiwan‟s role in the 21st century?
Country: Islamic Republic of Pakistan
University: York
Delegate Name: Sania Sajid
Islamic Republic of Pakistan does not maintain any diplomatic relations with Taiwan. It is due
to the fact that Pakistan has enjoyed a close and a mutually beneficial relationship with
China since establishing diplomatic ties in 1951. We were one of the first countries to
recognize the People's Republic of China in 1950 and remain a steadfast ally during
Beijing's period of international isolation in the 1960s and early 1970s. Similarly, China has
long provided Pakistan with major military, technical, and economic assistance, including the
transfer of sensitive nuclear technology and equipment. According to the current Pakistani
ambassador to the United Nations, Hussain Haqqani, "for Pakistan, China is a high-value
guarantor of security against India”.

Therefore, because of such close links, Pakistan strongly supports and has formally adopted
China‟s ruling political party, Communist Party of China‟s (CPC), One China Policy; “there is
only one China in the world" and "Taiwan is an inalienable part of China”. This leads to
Pakistan only considering Taiwan as a province of China and ignoring its stress on “one
China, one Taiwan” mind-set. PRC now emphasizes that "both Taiwan and the mainland
belong to one and the same China". Although the current position allows for flexibility in
terms of defining that "one China", any departure from the One-China policy is deemed
unacceptable by the PRC government.

Despite, Taiwan being ranked as one of the most developed of the developing countries
Pakistan‟s sentiment is that its role in the 21st century only depends upon its relations with
mainland China. Even though, World Trade Organisation‟s recognises Taiwan as a „separate
customs territory‟ and Taiwan‟s first donation in November 2010 of USD 80,000 (CHF
80,200) to the Standards and Trade Development Facility trust fund (STDF) is a step forward
towards being a separate country, yet Pakistan frowns upon such independency. Taiwan
has been asked to leave the World Bank, the World Health Organization, UNESCO, the
International Atomic Energy Agency and other international organizations. It even faces the
danger of losing its membership in the Asian Development Bank. Despite these setbacks,
Taiwan still enjoys wide contacts with many nations and international bodies. It is still
recognized by 25 nations and maintains substantive (though unofficial) relations with more
than 140 others. ROC President Ma Ying-jeou said during an interview to the Washington
Post that “we have at least 70,000 companies investing over US$100 billion in mainland
China”. However, he also made a critical point about Taiwan‟s need for US weapons to
protect itself during talks with RPC, even though USA has formally adapted One China
policy and refuses to acknowledge Taiwan as a separate country.

Inevitably, Pakistan only recognises and maintains diplomatic relations with the People‟s
Republic of China (PRC) as the legitimate permanent member of the United Nations in order
to maintain our strong alliance with China. Pakistan has initiated and strongly lobbied the
successful efforts to block Taiwan's membership of the United Nations during the beginning
of every UN General Assembly session in New York. In conclusion, the only role of Taiwan
in the 21st century is to be united with China and prosper under One China policy.

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Non-Aligned Movement Committee


Taiwan – a role in the 21st century?
Brazil
University of Bath
Hannah Hübner

Brazil is deeply concerned about the future status of Taiwan and sees this unsolved question
as a potential threat to peace and stability in the East Asian region. Therefore Brazil calls
upon all states to discuss this topic in the interest of a mutually beneficial solution for China
and Taiwan.
Firstly, Brazil has to state that it acts in favour of the UN Resolution 2758, which rejects the
recognition of Taiwan as an independent country. Brazil supports the „One-China-Policy‟ and
sees Taiwan as a province of China. The victory of the People‟s Republic of China at the
end of the Civil War in 1949 proves the illegitimacy of the Republic of China‟s government in
Taiwan. These historical facts make clear that China has always been one country.
Therefore it is Brazil‟s aim to support peaceful efforts towards the reunification of the
Chinese territory.
The member states of the Organization of American States overall agree that Taiwan should
not be treated as an independent state. As a member of the OAS, Brazil feels further
encouraged that this is the right answer to Taiwan‟s status.
Additionally, Brazil has always had friendly diplomatic relations with the People‟s Republic of
China. Besides, Brazil and China‟s rising economies are inextricably linked and China
indeed became Brazil‟s biggest trading partner in 2009. Brazil welcomes this economic
partnership and is looking forward to further cooperation in the future. Due to this
relationship Brazil is convinced that the PRC will deal with Taiwan‟s problematic in a
reasonable way and is willing to support China‟s measures in its endeavour.
An independent Taiwan is interpreted as a threat to international stability and security. First
of all, the probability of China using its military installations on the Fujian coast as an answer
to Taiwanese independence ploys is too high. The situation becomes even more threatening
in the context of US arm sales to Taiwan. A military conflict must be avoided in the interest of
the protection of Taiwanese citizens.
However, Brazil recognizes the impressive economic development of Taiwan during recent
years. It wants to support this progress and does not want to interrupt it with any political
insurgencies this debate could cause. Therefore Brazil recommends PRC and Taiwan‟s
return to the negotiating table in the belief that they will find the best solution for both sides.
Brazil is convinced that the creation of a reunified China with a further developing Taiwan is
possible. Furthermore Brazil wants to stress that it is not completely averse to a Status Quo
solution if a reunification under the PRC government impeded the further development of
Taiwan. The advantages and disadvantages of both solutions need to be clarified within the
Non Aligned Movement committee. Brazil calls upon all member states of the Non Aligned
Movement to debate the best solution for China and Taiwan. Nevertheless Brazil
encourages the international community to act as a forum for non-aggression and peaceful
resolution.

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Committee: Non Aligned Movement


Topic: Taiwan- a Future in the 21st Century
Country: Morocco
University: Leeds
Delegate Name: Rana Nassar

The Kingdom of Morocco stands by the One China Policy in which the Chinese government
maintains control over the Taiwan province. We recognize that the people of Taiwan are
seeking sovereignty and state declaration but this might not be the right path. However, this
should be tackled by finding the best solution that would suit both parties, and that is done
through negotiations leading perhaps to a devised plan to address this issue.
Morocco maintains strong economic and trade relations with China, as well as sharing a
number of agreements relating to social development, employment and vocational training.
As well as being part of the United Nations, Morocco is part of the Arab League, Arab
Maghreb Union, and the Organization of the Islamic Conference. We withdrew our
membership from the African Union in November of 1984 because they ceased to respect
the policy of the Moroccan government by granting the Western Sahara a delegation in the
Union. We are welcome to ideas of self governing in the Western Sahara, provided it is
conducted under a referendum clearly stating who is eligible to vote.
Despite our withdrawal from the African union, we maintain close bilateral relations with
African countries as well as strong trade and political ties with European countries and the
United States. We recognize Taiwan‟s importance in the global economy, as part of an even
stronger actor.

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Committee: Non-Alignment Movement

Topic: Taiwan- a role in 21st century?

Country: Burkina Faso

University: London Metropolitan University

Name of delegate: Magdalini Parouti

Burkina Faso, constitutes a landlocked country in West Africa with an inevitably vulnerable
industry to the changes in world prices. Most certainly Taiwan‟s future in the 21st century will
play a corner stone rule in the economic stabilization of the country as it is categorized by
the UN as one of the 3 poorest countries in the world and any kind of destabilisation in
economic affairs will interchangeably deteriorate the country‟s situation. After many years
under military rule following its independence, Burkina Faso has adopted a policy of
nonalignment and developed interrelations with Libya and Ghana, since in 1983, when at the
same time has maintained strong governmental and diplomatic relations with Taiwan since
2000.

Taiwan's rapid economic growth in the decades after World War II has transformed it into
an industrialized developed country. The strong economic and diplomatic ties between
Burkina Faso and the latter are very strong leaving China aside as a possible economic
partner. Burkina Faso, Swaziland, Malawi, Gambia and Sao Tome and Principe still prefer
to stick to their signed diplomatic relations with Taiwan; a country not represented in the UN
that is fighting vigorously to win international recognition. Educational programs as the „Lamb
of Africa‟ have been supported by Taiwan in the economic and educational benefit of the
later.

Burkina Faso in a course of return to democratic stabilisation supports state sovereignty and
healthy relations between the countries. The country is in a struggle against imperialistic
tensions and disarmament and opposes against imperialistic tensions and any kind of
foreign aggression. Moreover, has signed the Havana Declaration, and supports the
principles of national independence, territorial sovereignty and self-determination. Burkina
Faso as a fellow member of the Non Alignment Movement advocates in favour of
decolonisation as in the case of Puerto-Rico and Sahara. Burkina Faso has recognized the
Republic of Kosovo, on the 24th of April 2008 as a sovereign and independent state in
accordance with the International law and emphasized its interest to establish strong ties
with the new sovereign state. In addition Burkina Faso, is one of the 23 sovereign states that
currently recognised the Republic of China (ROC), commonly Taiwan. A possible declaration
of independence by Taiwan will be supported in the spectrum of mutual non-aggression and
peaceful settlement resolutions to future conflicts.

ScotMUN – hosted by Edinburgh Model United Nations 16 | P a g e