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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

LAB #1
 Study Of Series And Parallel Circuits

Components
 Resistors R Analog
 Voltage Source Vsin
 Diode d1N4001

Procedure
 Connect all of the components as Shown in the circuit diagram.
 Use voltage and current makers to find voltage at different points in the circuit.
 In series circuit current through each resistor is same but voltage is different.
 In parallel circuit voltage across each resistor is same but current is different.

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

Series Circuit

R1

10
V

V1
VOFF = 0
I
VAMPL = 5
FREQ = 50 R2 10

0V 0V

Output
0V

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

Parallel Circuits
R1 R2

100 10
V V

V1
VOFF = 0 R3
I I
VAMPL = 20 10
FREQ = 50 R4 5

0V 0V 0V

0V

Output
0V

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

LAB # 2
 STUDY OF HALF WAVE RECTIFIER

Components
 Resistors R Analog
 Voltage Source Vsin
 Diode d1N4001
 Ground 0 source

Procedure
 Connect all of the components as Shown in the circuit diagram.
 Use voltage and current makers to find voltage at different points in the circuit.
 During positive cycle diode is forward bias and conducts.
 During negative cycle diode is reversed biased and output is zero.
 Calculate ripple factor for different loads.

Calculation

OBSERVATIONS R=100Ω R=1kΩ R=2kΩ R=3kΩ R=4kΩ


VMax 4.2329 4.3513 4.386 4.399 4.4755
Vdc = VMax/π 1.348 1.3857 1.3968 1.401 1.4253
Vrms=VMax * 0.5 2.1164 2.1756 2.193 2.199 2.2378
V2rms=V2ac+V2dc - - - - -
Vac=√(V2rms-V2dc) 1.6316 1.6772 1.6906 1.696 1.7251
Ripple Factor=r=(Vac/Vdc) 1.2103 1.2103 1.2103 1.21 1.2103

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

Circuit
D1

D1N4001
V

V1
VOFF = 0 R1
VAMPL = 5 1k
FREQ = 50

Output

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

LAB #3
 Design & Simulation Of Full Wave Rectifier Using
Center Tap Transformer
 Calculation of Ripple Factor

Components
 Resistors R Analog
 Voltage Source V sin
 Diode d1N4001
 Ground 0 source
 Center-Tap T/F XFrm_LIN/CT-SEC

Procedure

 Connect all of the components as Shown in the circuit diagram.


 Use voltage and current makers to find voltage at different points in the circuit.
 During positive cycle diode D1 conducts.
 During negative half cycle diode D2 conducts.
 Find ripple Factor for different values of load.

Calculations

LP = 40mH,LS1 = 20mH,LS2 = 20mH


OBSERVATIONS R=100Ω R=1kΩ R=2kΩ R=3kΩ R=4kΩ
VMax 1.7709 1.8904 1.9121 1.937 1.959
Vdc = VMax*0.6366 1.1273 1.2034 1.2173 1.233 1.2471
Vrms=VMax * 0.707 1.252 1.3365 1.3519 1.369 1.385
Vac=√(V2rms-V2dc) 0.5446 0.5814 0.5881 0.596 0.6025
Ripple Factor=R.F=(Vac/Vdc) 0.4831 0.4831 0.4831 0.483 0.4831

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

Circuit
Vin
D1

V D1N4001

TX1

V1 Ls 1 R1 Vout
VOFF = 0 XFRM_LIN/CT-SEC Lp
VAMPL = 5
100
FREQ = 50 Ls 2
V

D2

D1N4001

Output

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

LAB #4
 Design & Simulation Of Full Wave Rectifier Using
Bridge Rectifier
 Calculation of Ripple Factor

Components
 Resistors R Analog
 Voltage Source V sin
 Diode d1N4001
 Ground 0 source

Procedure

 Connect all of the components as Shown in the circuit diagram.


 Use voltage differential marker to find voltage and at different points in the circuit.
 During positive cycle diode D1 and D4 conducts but D2 and D3 reversed biased.
 During negative half cycle diode D2 and D3 conducts , D1 and D4 reversed biased.
 Find ripple Factor for different values of load.

Calculations

OBSERVATIONS R=100Ω R=1kΩ R=2kΩ R=3kΩ R=4kΩ


VMax 3.4777 3.717 3.7827 3.818 3.8571
Vdc = VMax*0.6366 2.2139 2.3662 2.4081 2.43 2.4555
Vrms=VMax * 0.707 2.4587 2.6279 2.6744 2.699 2.727
Vac=√(V2rms-V2dc) 1.0696 1.1432 1.1634 1.174 1.1863
Ripple Factor=R.F=(Vac/Vdc) 0.4831 0.4831 0.4831 0.483 0.4831

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

Circuit

D1 D3
D1N4001 D1N4001 V+

V1 R1 1k
VOFF = 0
VAMPL = 5
FREQ = 50

V-

0
D2 D4
D1N4001 D1N4001

Output

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

LAB #5
 Design & Simulation Of Half Wave Filtered
Rectifier
 Calculation of Ripple Factor

Components
 Resistors R Analog
 Voltage Source V sin
 Diode d1N4001
 Ground 0 source
 Capacitor C Analog

Procedure

 Connect all of the components as Shown in the circuit diagram.


 Use voltage or level makers to find voltage at different points in the circuit.
 By keeping the load constant , change the value of capacitor.
 By changing the values of C , ripple factor changes.
 Find Vmax and Vmin using toggle cursor.
 Find ripple Factor for different values of capacitor .

Calculations

CAPACITANCE(uF)
OBSERVATIONS
100 200 300 400 500
VMax 4.2824 4.2876 4.3158 4.272 4.2773
VCMin 3.6231 3.8948 3.9668 4.002 4.0791
Vr(pp) = VMax -VCMin 0.6593 0.3928 0.349 0.27 0.1981
Vdc=Vmax-(Vr(pp) /2) 3.9527 4.0912 4.1413 4.137 4.1782
Ripple
0.1668 0.096 0.0843 0.065 0.0474
Factor=R.F=(Vr(pp)/Vdc)

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

Circuit
D1

V
D1N4001
C1 R1
V1 100u 1k
VOFF = 0
VAMPL = 5
FREQ = 50

Output

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

LAB #6a
 Design & Simulation Of Full Wave Filtered Bridge
Rectifier
 Calculation of Ripple Factor

Components
 Resistors R Analog
 Voltage Source V sin
 Diode d1N4001
 Ground 0 source
 Capacitor C Analog

Procedure

 Connect all of the components as Shown in the circuit diagram.


 Use voltage or level makers to find voltage at different points in the circuit.
 By keeping the load constant , change the value of capacitor.
 By changing the values of C , ripple factor changes.
 Find Vmax and Vmin using toggle cursor.
 Find ripple Factor for different values of capacitor .

Output

CAPACITANCE(uF)
OBSERVATIONS
100 200 300 400 500
VMax 3.6102 3.5839 3.5781 3.538 3.5239
Vr(pp) = VMax /2*f*R*C 0.361 0.1792 0.1193 0.088 0.0705
Vdc=[1-(1/4*f*R*C)]*Vmax 0.8195 0.9104 0.9404 0.956 0.9648
Ripple
Factor=R.F=(Vr(pp)/Vdc) 0.4405 0.1968 0.1268 0.093 0.0731

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

Circuit

D1 D4
D1N4001 D1N4001 V+

V1
VOFF = 0 R1
VAMPL = 5 C1 100
FREQ = 50 100u

D2 D3 V-
0 D1N4001 D1N4001

Output

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

LAB #6b
 Design & Simulation Of Full Wave Filtered Rectifier
Using Center-Tapped transformer
 Calculation of Ripple Factor

Components
 Resistors R Analog
 Voltage Source V sin
 Diode d1N4001
 Ground 0 source
 Capacitor C Analog
 Center-Tap T/F XFrm_LIN/CT-SEC

Procedure

 Connect all of the components as Shown in the circuit diagram.


 Use voltage or level makers to find voltage at different points in the circuit.
 By keeping the load constant , change the value of capacitor.
 By changing the values of C , ripple factor changes.
 Find Vmax and Vmin using toggle cursor.
 Find ripple Factor for different values of capacitor .

Output

CAPACITANCE(uF)
OBSERVATIONS
100 200 300 400 500
VMax 1.8327 1.8098 1.8055 1.792 1.7868
Vr(pp) = VMax /2*f*R*C 0.1833 0.0905 0.0602 0.045 0.0357
Vdc=[1-(1/4*f*R*C)]*Vmax 0.9084 0.9548 0.9699 0.978 0.9821
Ripple
0.2018 0.0948 0.0621 0.046 0.0364
Factor=R.F=(Vr(pp)/Vdc)

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

Circuit
Vin
D1

D1N4001

C1

100u
TX1

V1 Ls 1 R1 Vout
VOFF = 0 XFRM_LIN/CT-SEC Lp
VAMPL = 5
1k
FREQ = 50 Ls 2
V

D2

D1N4001

Output

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

LAB #7
 Study Of Thyristor
 Half wave Rectifier using thyristor

Components
 Resistors R Analog
 Voltage Source V sin
 Thyristor 2N1595
 Ground 0 source
 Pulse Generator V pulse
 Diode d1N4001

Procedure

 Connect all of the components as Shown in the circuit diagram.


 Use voltage or level makers to find voltage at different points in the circuit.
 Set the values of V pulse according to input signal.
 Thyristor conducts during positive half cycle.
 During negative half cycle the output is zero.
 Repeat the same procedure by providing pulse using diode.
 Thyristor conducts during positive cycle, with different conduction time.
 During negative half cycle output is zero.

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

Circuit
X1

2N1595

V1 V
VOFF = 0
VAMPL = 5 V1 = 0 V2 R1
FREQ = 50 V2 = 5 100
TD = 3m
TR = 1m
TF = 1m
PW = 5m
PER = 20m
0

Output

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

Circuit
R2 R3

10 100
V+ V-

V3
VOFF = 0 X2
VAMPL = 5 2N1595
FREQ = 50

D1

0 D1N4001

Output

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

LAB #8
 Design And Simulation Of Controlled Rectifier
Using Bridge And Center-Tapped Transformer

Components
 Resistors R Analog
 Voltage Source V sin
 Thyristor 2N1595
 Ground 0 source
 Pulse Generator V pulse
 Center-Tap T/F XFrm_LIN/CT-SEC

Procedure

 Connect all of the components as Shown in the circuit diagram.


 Use voltage or level makers to find voltage at different points in the circuit.
 Set the values of V pulse according to input signal.
 Thyristor X1 conducts during positive half cycle.
 During negative half cycle thyristor X2 conducts.
 Repeat the same experiment using bridge rectifier.
 Thyristor conducts X1 and X4 conducts during positive cycle.
 During negative half cycle X2 and X3 conducts.

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

Circuit
X2

2N1595
V1 = 0 V2
V V2 = 2
TD = 2m
TR = .5m
TF = .5m
PW = 2m 0
PER = 20m
TX1

V1 Ls1 R1
VOFF = 0 Lp
VAMPL = 30 XFRM_LIN/CT-SEC
1k
FREQ = 50 Ls2
V

X1

2N1595
V1 = 0 V3
V2 = 2
TD = 12m
TR = .5m
TF = .5m
0 PW = 2m 0
PER = 20m

Output

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

Circuit

X3
X2 2N1595
2N1595 V1 = 0 V5
V1 = 0 V2 V2 = 2
V2 = 2 TD = 12m
TD = 2m TR = .5m
TR = .5m TF = .5m V+
TF = .5m PW = 2m
PW = 2m PER = 20m
PER = 20m R1
1k
V1
VOFF = 0 V
VAMPL = 20
FREQ = 50
X4
0 X1 2N1595
V-
2N1595 V1 = 0 V4
V1 = 0 V3 V2 = 2
V2 = 2 TD = 2m
TD = 12m TR = .5m
TR = .5m TF = .5m
TF = .5m PER = 20m
PW = 2m PW = 2m
PER = 20m

Output

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

LAB #9
 Design And Simulation Of Three Phase Filtered
Bridge Rectifier
Components
 Resistors R Analog
 Voltage Source V sin
 Inductor L analog
 Ground 0 source
 Diode d1N4001
 Capacitor C Analog

Procedure

 Connect all of the components as Shown in the circuit diagram.


 Use voltage differential makers to find voltage at different points in the circuit.
 Use current or level makers to find current at different points in the circuit.
 Set the phases of each source.
 Each source is 120 degree out of phase with each other.
 Ripples of output voltage increases as compared to single phase rectifiers.
 Notice the ripple factor by changing the values of capacitor.
 Note conduction time of each diode.

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

Circuit
V1
R2 L1
1 2
D1 D3 D5
1 10mH
FREQ = 50 D1N4001 D1N4001 D1N4001
VAMPL = 5
I I I V+
VOFF = 0

V2
R3 L2 C1 R1
1 2 500u 100
1 10mH 3.468V
FREQ = 50
VAMPL = 5
VOFF = 0
D2 D4 D6 V-
V3 D1N4001 D1N4001 D1N4001
R4 L3
1 2
I I I
1 10mH
FREQ = 50
VAMPL = 5
0 VOFF = 0

Output
Current through D1 and D6.

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

Current through all diodes

Voltage across load

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

LAB #10
 DC And AC sweep Analysis

Components
 Resistors R Analog
 Voltage Source V sin
 Voltage Source V dc
 Diode d1N4001
 Ground 0 source
 Parameter PARAM/SPECIAL

Procedure
DC Sweep Analysis

 Connect all of the components as Shown in the circuit diagram.


 Use voltage or level makers to find voltage at different points in the circuit.
 Use DC sweep analysis from simulation settings.
 Set the V1 start value -10 and end value +10 with increment of 1 volt.
 Output shows voltage across D1 as source voltage changes from -10 to +10 volts.

AC Sweep Analysis

 Connect all of the components as Shown in the circuit diagram.


 Make C1 as variable and give it name cv.
 Add param/special from orcad library.
 Use voltage or level makers to find voltage at different points in the circuit.
 Use Transient analysis , and Parametric Sweep from simulation settings.
 Select global parameters , give parameter name cv in simulation settings.
 Set start value 100uF and end value 600uF with increment of 100uF.
 Output shows the voltage across C1 , from 100uF to 800uF.
 Use the same procedure, make R1 variable , and find voltage across R1.

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

DC sweep Circuit

R1

1k
V

V1
10 D1
D1N4001

Output

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Power Electronics 08-EE-130

AC Sweep Circuit

PARAMETERS:
D1 Cv = 100u

D1N4001
V1
VOFF = 0 R1 C1 V
VAMPL = 15 1k {Cv }
FREQ = 50

Output

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