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IN CAVE WIRELESS
COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

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V.UJJWALA
1NT06EC10
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WHAT IS ICWCS???

In-cave Wireless Communication System


(ICWCS) is a Wireless Multimedia Sensor
Network (WMSN) based architecture used
to communicate within a cave
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WHY WIRELESS SENSOR
NETWORK???
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WMSN NETWORK

Network components

 Standard Audio and Video sensors


 Scalar sensors
 Multiple processing hubs
 Storage hubs
 Sink
 Gateway
 Users
WMSN NETWORK

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ARCHITECTURE
Wireless multimedia sensor

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nodes
A multimedia sensor node is
composed of the following
components:

 Sensing unit

 Processing unit (CPU)

 Communication sub system

 Storage unit (memory)


ARCHITECTURE OF SENSOR

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NODE
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ICWCS has two kinds of
nodes:
 BACKBONE NODES(BN) which are mounted on the walls of
the caves

 MOBILE NODES (MN) which are similar to cell


phones carried by team members

Ø In addition to these nodes there is a directory service


which usually runs on a computer outside the cave, stores
IDs of BN, MN and user information.
ICWCS NETWORK

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ICWCS OPERATION

 DEPLOYMENT

 INITIAL SETUP AND ROUTING

 MOBILE NODE REGISTERATION

 CALL MANAGEMENT

 BROKEN LINK DETECTION AND


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1. DEPLOYMENT: WSN can be deployed manually or
randomly using the Received Signal Strength Indicator
(RSSI) functionality of the BNs

2. INITIAL SETUP AND ROUTING: routing tables of


the
BNs are used to exchange topology information. Link
state
routing algorithm is used for routing calls. Age column
values
in the routing tables are used to detect dead BNs

3. MOBILE NODE REGISTRATION: each MN must


Fig.1 ICWCS Fig.3 Final Routing Table for

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Network BN4
BN4 Reach Age
To over

Sink BN2 N
BN1 BN2 N
BN2 --- N
BN3 BN2 N
BN5 --- N
BN6 --- N
BN7 BN6 N
BN8 BN6 N

Fig.2 Initial Routing Setup Fig.4 MN Connection Table

Mobile Backbone Age


Node Node

MN1 BN1 N
MN2 BN3 N
MN3 BN4 N
MN4 BN4 N
MN5 BN6 N
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4. CALL MANAGEMENT: there is a Mobile Node
Connection
table present on the directory service. A MN retrieves a
list
of the online users from this table and shows the
information to
the user.

5. BROKEN LINK DETECTION AND RECOVERY: to


provide uninterrupted connectivity a dead BN should be
detected and its operation must be resumed by either
replacing
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OTHER APPLICATIONS OF
WMSN
 Multimedia Surveillance
Sensor Networks

 Traffic Avoidance,
Enforcement and Control
Systems

 Advanced Health care


Delivery


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CONCLUSION

 Reliable
voice communication can be provided using
WMSN in RF challenged indoor environment

 Two different types of sensor nodes were used,


their design was based on VF1A sensor node

 This
ICWCS is a point-to-point communication, it is
being improved to have multicast and broadcast
capabilities
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